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PLPL > SEC Filings for PLPL > Form 10-Q on 19-Nov-2012All Recent SEC Filings

Show all filings for PLANDAI BIOTECHNOLOGY, INC.



Quarterly Report


This statement includes projections of future results and "forward looking statements" as that term is defined in Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 as amended (the "Securities Act"), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 as amended (the "Exchange Act"). All statements that are included in this Quarterly Report, other than statements of historical fact, are forward looking statements. Although management believes that the expectations reflected in these forward looking statements are reasonable, it can give no assurance that such expectations will prove to have been correct.


Plandaí Biotechnology, Inc., (the "Company") through its recent acquisition of Global Energy Solutions, Ltd. and its subsidiaries, focuses on the farming of whole fruits, vegetables and live plant material and the production of proprietary functional foods and botanical extracts for the health and wellness industry. Its principle holdings consist of land, farms and infrastructure in South Africa.

The Company was incorporated, as Jerry's Inc., in the State of Florida on November 30, 1942. The company catered airline flights and operated coffee shops, lounges and gift shops at airports and other facilities located in Florida, Alabama and Georgia. The company's airline catering services included the preparation of meals in kitchens located at, or adjacent to, airports and the distribution of meals and beverages for service on commercial airline flights. The company also provided certain ancillary services, including, among others, the preparation of beverage service carts, the unloading and cleaning of plates, utensils and other accessories arriving on incoming aircraft, and the inventory management and storage of airline-owned dining service equipment. In March of 2004 we moved our domicile to Nevada and changed our name to Diamond Ranch Foods, Ltd. Diamond Ranch Foods, Ltd. was engaged in the meat processing and distribution industry. Operations consisted of packing, processing, custom meat cutting, portion controlled meats, private labeling, and distribution of our products to a diversified customer base, including, but not limited to; in-home food service businesses, retailers, hotels, restaurants and institutions, deli and catering operators, and industry suppliers. On November 17, 2011, the Company, through its wholly-owned subsidiary, Plandaí Biotechnologies, Inc. consummated a share exchange with Global Energy Solutions Corporation Limited, an Irish corporation. Under the terms of the Share Exchange, GES received 76,000,000 shares of Diamond Ranch that had been previously issued to Plandaí Biotechnologies, Inc. in exchange for 100% of the issued and outstanding capital of GES. On November 21, 2011, the Company filed an amendment to the articles of incorporation to change the name of the company to Plandaí Biotechnology, Inc.

We will continue to seek to raise additional capital through the sale of common stock to fund the expansion of our company. There can be no assurance that we will be successful in raising the capital required and without additional funds we would be unable to expand our plant, acquire other companies, or further implement our business plan. In April 2012, through our subsidiary companies, we secured a 100 million Rand (approximately $13 million) financing with the Land and Agriculture Bank of South Africa which will be used to build infrastructure and further operations.


On November 17, 2011, the Company sold its subsidiary, Diamond Ranch, Ltd., together with its wholly-owned subsidiary, Executive Seafood, Inc. to the former officer and director of Diamond Ranch. Under the terms of the sale, the purchaser assumed all associated debt as consideration. During the three and six months prior to their disposition, Diamond Ranch, Ltd. and Executive Seafood, Inc. had negligible revenues from operations, generated a net loss of $126,000, and as of the date of disposition, liabilities exceeded assets by over $5,000,000.

As a result of the Share Exchange Agreement and disposition of Diamond Ranch, Ltd., the operations of Plandaí Biotechnology, Inc. for all periods presented consists exclusively of Plandaí Biotechnologies, Inc,. and its subsidiaries exclusive of Diamond Ranch.


Plandaí Biotechnologies has a proprietary technology that extracts a high level of bio-available compounds from organic matter including green tea leaves and most other organic materials. Numerous documented scientific studies have been conducted over the past ten years using this technology that releases bioavailable antioxidants and other phytonutrients in form the body can easily absorb. The Company intends to use its notarial leases to focuses on the farming of whole fruits, vegetables and live plant material and the production of Phytofare™ functional foods and botanical extracts for the health and wellness industry using its proprietary extraction technology.

The company is presently developing for market two unique extracts: Phytofare™ Green Tea Catechin Extract and Phytofare™ Citrus Limonoid Glycoside Complex.


The Company faces competition from a variety of sources. There are several large producers of farm products including green tea and there are numerous companies that develop and market nutraceutical products that include bio-available compounds including those from green tea extract. Many of these competitors benefit from established distribution, market-ready products, and greater levels of financing. Plandaí intends to compete by producing higher quality and higher concentration extracts, producing at lower costs, and controlling a vertically integrated market that includes all stages from farming through production and marketing.


Plandaí will market to end users as well as other nutraceutical companies that require high-quality bio-available extracts for their products. In addition, the Company anticipates having surplus farm products including avocado, and macadamia nuts.


For the three months ended September 30, 2012, revenues were $90,785, which consisted of sales of avocados, macadamia nuts and timber from the company's tea estate in South Africa. There were no revenues generated in the three months ended September 30, 2011 as the company was not yet operating the farm. Sales of Phytofare™ extracts are not expected to commence until Summer 2013, when the commercial-grade extraction facility is completed.


Our total expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2012 were $522,975 which consisted primarily of salaries, professional services and general and administrative expenses associated with managing the rehabilitation of the tea estate. For the three months ended September 30, 2011, expenses were $57,127, which mostly represents accounting and legal fees associated with securing the tea estate lease.


For the three months ended September 30, 2012; the Company's cash used in operating activities totaled $416,824, which was primarily attributable to a loss from operations, and cash used in investing activities was $727,188 which consisted of the purchase of fixed assets to be used in production. Cash provided by financing activities was $1,613,603, generated by draw downs on a line of credit and advances on the loan from the Land and Agriculture Bank of South Africa. As of September 30, 2012, the Company had current assets of $584,595 compared to current liabilities of $179,359.


The Company's long-term existence is dependent upon our ability to execute our operating plan and to obtain additional debt or equity financing to fund payment of obligations and provide working capital for operations. In April 2012, the Company through majority-owned subsidiaries of Dunn Roman Holdings Africa (Pty) Limited , executed final loan documents on a 100 million Rand (approx. $13 million USD) financing with the Land and Agriculture Bank of South Africa and has begun rehabilitating the Senteeko Tea Estate so that it can begin yielding green tea feedstock by Autumn 2013. The company has also commenced construction of the factory and associated equipment necessary to begin the extraction process on live botanical matter, including green tea and citrus, with a goal to have the factory completed by the end of Spring, 2013. Once the facility is tested and operational, the company will commence processing citrus material for its Phytofare™ Citrus Limonoid Glucoside Complex in Summer 2013 until the green tea is ready to harvest.


The preparation of our financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect our reported assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenses, and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. We base our estimates and judgments on historical experience and on various other assumptions we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. Future events, however, may differ markedly from our current expectations and assumptions.
While there are a number of significant accounting policies affecting our financial statements, we believe the following critical accounting policies involve the most complex, difficult and subjective estimates and judgments.

Revenue recognition

The Company derives its revenue from the production and sale of farm goods, raw materials and the sale of bioavailable extracts in both raw material and finished product form. Revenues are recognized when product is ordered and delivered. Product shipped on consignment is not counted in revenue until sold.

Intangible and Long-Lived Assets

We follow Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 360, "Property Plant and Equipment", which establishes a "primary asset" approach to determine the cash flow estimation period for a group of assets and liabilities that represents the unit of accounting for a long lived asset to be held and used. Long-lived assets to be held and used are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. The carrying amount of a long-lived asset is not recoverable if it exceeds the sum of the undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use and eventual disposition of the asset. Long-lived assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of carrying amount or fair value less cost to sell.

Goodwill is accounted for in accordance with ASC Topic 350, "Intangibles - Goodwill and Other". We assess the impairment of long-lived assets, including goodwill and intangibles on an annual basis or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the fair value is less than its carrying value. Factors that we consider important which could trigger an impairment review include poor economic performance relative to historical or projected future operating results, significant negative industry, economic or company specific trends, changes in the manner of our use of the assets or the plans for our business, market price of our common stock, and loss of key personnel. We have determined that there was no impairment of goodwill during 2011 or 2010. The share exchange did not result in the recording of goodwill and there is not currently any goodwill recorded.

Potential Derivative Instruments

We periodically assess our financial and equity instruments to determine if they require derivative accounting. Instruments which may potentially require derivative accounting are conversion features of debt and common stock equivalents in excess of available authorized common shares.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We have no off-balance sheet arrangements.

Minority Interest

Plandaí owns 82% of Dunn Roman Holdings-Africa, which in turn owns 74% each of Breakwood Trading 22 (Pty, Ltd. and Green Gold Biotechnologies (Pty), Ltd., in order to be compliant with the Black Economic Empowerment rules imposed by the South African Land Bank. While the Company, under the Equity Method of Accounting, is required to consolidate 100% of the operations of its majority-owned subsidiaries, that portion of subsidiary net equity attributable to the minority ownership, together with an allocated portion of net income or net loss incurred by the subsidiaries, must be reflected on the consolidated financial statements. On the balance sheet, minority interest has been shown in the Equity Section, separated from the equity of Plandaí, while on the income statement, the minority shareholder allocation of net loss has been shown in the Consolidated Statement of Operations.

Currency Translation Adjustment

The Company maintains significant operations in South Africa, where the currency is the Rand. The subsidiary financial statements are therefore converted into US dollars prior to consolidation with the parent entity, Plandaí Biotechnology, Inc. US GAAP requires that the weighted average exchange rate be applied to the foreign income statements and that the closing exchange rate as of the period end date be applied to the balance sheet. The cumulative foreign currency adjustment is included in the equity section of the balance sheet.



We Have Historically Lost Money and Losses May Continue in the Future

We have historically lost money. The loss for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2012 was $3,774,307 and future losses are likely to occur. Accordingly, we may experience significant liquidity and cash flow problems if we are not able to raise additional capital as needed and on acceptable terms. No assurances can be given we will be successful in reaching or maintaining profitable operations.

We Will Need to Raise Additional Capital to Finance Operations

Our operations have relied almost entirely on external financing to fund our operations. Such financing has historically come from a combination of borrowings and from the sale of common stock and assets to third parties. We will need to raise additional capital to fund our anticipated operating expenses and future expansion. Among other things, external financing will be required to cover our operating costs. We cannot assure you that financing whether from external sources or related parties will be available if needed or on favorable terms. The sale of our common stock to raise capital may cause dilution to our existing shareholders. Our inability to obtain adequate financing will result in the need to curtail business operations. Any of these events would be materially harmful to our business and may result in a lower stock price.

There is Substantial Doubt About Our Ability to Continue as a Going Concern Due to Recurring Losses and Working Capital Shortages, Which Means that We May Not Be Able to Continue Operations Unless We Obtain Additional Funding

The report of our independent accountants on our June 30, 2012 financial statements include an explanatory paragraph indicating that there is substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern due to recurring losses and working capital shortages. Our ability to continue as a going concern will be determined by our ability to obtain additional funding. Our financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

Our Common Stock May Be Affected By Limited Trading Volume and May Fluctuate Significantly

There has been a limited public market for our common stock and there can be no assurance that an active trading market for our common stock will develop. As a result, this could adversely affect our shareholders' ability to sell our common stock in short time periods, or possibly at all. Our common stock has experienced, and is likely to experience in the future, significant price and volume fluctuations that could adversely affect the market price of our common stock without regard to our operating performance. In addition, we believe that factors such as quarterly fluctuations in our financial results and changes in the overall economy or the condition of the financial markets could cause the price of our common stock to fluctuate substantially. Substantial fluctuations in our stock price could significantly reduce the price of our stock.

There is no Assurance of Continued Public Trading Market and Being a Low Priced Security may Affect the Market Value of Our Stock

To date, there has been only a limited public market for our common stock. Our common stock is currently quoted on the OTCBB. As a result, an investor may find it difficult to dispose of, or to obtain accurate quotations as to the market value of our stock. Our stock is subject to the low-priced security or so called "penny stock" rules that impose additional sales practice requirements on broker-dealers who sell such securities. The Securities Enforcement and Penny Stock Reform Act of 1990 requires additional disclosure in connection with any trades involving a stock defined as a penny stock (generally, according to recent regulations adopted by the SEC, any equity security that has a market price of less than $5.00 per share, subject to certain exceptions that we no longer meet). For example, brokers/dealers selling such securities must, prior to effecting the transaction, provide their customers with a document that discloses the risks of investing in such securities. Included in this document are the following:

- the bid and offer price quotes in and for the "penny stock," and the number of shares to which the quoted prices apply,

- the brokerage firm's compensation for the trade, and

- the compensation received by the brokerage firm's sales person for the trade.

In addition, the brokerage firm must send the investor:

- a monthly account statement that gives an estimate of the value of each "penny stock" in the investor's account, and

- a written statement of the investor's financial situation and investment goals.

If the person purchasing the securities is someone other than an accredited investor or an established customer of the broker/dealer, the broker/dealer must also approve the potential customer's account by obtaining information concerning the customer's financial situation, investment experience and investment objectives. The broker/dealer must also make a determination whether the transaction is suitable for the customer and whether the customer has sufficient knowledge and experience in financial matters to be reasonably expected to be capable of evaluating the risk of transactions in such securities. Accordingly, the Commission's rules may limit the number of potential purchasers of the shares of our common stock.

Resale restrictions on transferring "penny stocks" are sometimes imposed by some states, which may make transaction in our stock more difficult and may reduce the value of the investment. Various state securities laws pose restrictions on transferring "penny stocks" and as a result, investors in our common stock may have the ability to sell their shares of our common stock impaired.

There can be no assurance we will have market makers in our stock. If the number of market makers in our stock should decline, the liquidity of our common stock could be impaired, not only in the number of shares of common stock which could be bought and sold, but also through possible delays in the timing of transactions, and lower prices for the common stock than might otherwise prevail. Furthermore, the lack of market makers could result in persons being unable to buy or sell shares of the common stock on any secondary market.

We Could Fail to Retain or Attract Key Personnel

Our future success depends in significant part on the continued services of Roger Duffield, our President. We cannot assure you we would be able to find an appropriate replacement for key personnel. Any loss or interruption of our key personnel's services could adversely affect our ability to develop our business plan. We have no employment agreements or life insurance on Mr. Duffield.

Nevada Law and Our Charter May Inhibit a Takeover of Our Company That Stockholders May Consider Favorable

Provisions of Nevada law, such as its business combination statute, may have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a change in control of our company.
As a result, these provisions could limit the price some investors might be willing to pay in the future for shares of our common stock.

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