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NFEC > SEC Filings for NFEC > Form 10-Q on 13-Nov-2012All Recent SEC Filings

Show all filings for NF ENERGY SAVING CORP



Quarterly Report

Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

As used herein the terms "we", "us", "our," the "Registrant," "NFEC" and the "Company" means, NF Energy Saving Corporation, a Delaware corporation, formerly known as NF Energy Saving Corporation of America, Diagnostic Corporation of America, Global Broadcast Group, Inc., and Galli Process, Inc. These terms also refer to our subsidiary corporations, Liaoning Nengfa Weiye Energy Technology Corporation Ltd. ("Nengfa Energy"), formerly known as Liaoning Nengfa Weiye Pipe Network Construction and Operation Co. Ltd. ("Neng Fa"), a corporation organized and existing under the laws of the Peoples' Republic of China, which was acquired in November 2006, and Liaoning Nengfa Weiye Tie Fa Sales Co. Ltd. ("Sales Company"), a limited liability corporation organized and existing under the laws of the Peoples' Republic of China, which was established in September 2007.

NF Energy Saving Corporation was incorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware in the name of Galli Process, Inc. on October 31, 2000 for the purpose of seeking and consummating a merger or acquisition with a business entity organized as a private corporation, partnership, or sole proprietorship. On December 31, 2001, Galli Process, Inc. became a majority owned subsidiary of City View TV, Inc., a Florida corporation ("City View"). On February 7, 2002, Galli Process, Inc. changed its name to Global Broadcast Group, Inc. On March 1, 2002, City View merged into Global Broadcast Group, Inc., which was the surviving entity. On November 12, 2004, the Company changed its name to Diagnostic Corporation of America. On March 15, 2007, we changed our name to NF Energy Saving Corporation of America, and on August 24, 2009, the Company further changed its name to NF Energy Saving Corporation, in both instances to more accurately reflect our business after a stock exchange transaction with Neng Fa. Our principal place of business is Room 3106, Tower C, 390 Qingnian Avenue, Heping District, Shenyang, P. R. China 110015. Our telephone number is
(8624) 8563-1159.

On November 15, 2006, we executed a Plan of Exchange ("Plan of Exchange"), among the Company, Neng Fa, the shareholders of Neng Fa (the "Neng Fa Shareholders") and Gang Li, our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer ("Mr. Li").

Pursuant to and at the closing of the Plan of Exchange, which occurred on November 30, 2006, we issued to the Neng Fa Shareholders 12,000,000 shares of our common stock, or 89.4% of our then outstanding common stock, in exchange for all of the shares of capital stock of Neng Fa owned by the Neng Fa Shareholders. Immediately upon the closing, Neng Fa became our 100% owned subsidiary, and the Company ceased all of its other operations and adopted and implemented the business plan of Neng Fa.

Nengfa Energy's area of business includes research and development, processing, manufacturing, marketing and distribution of energy saving flow control equipment; manufacturing, marketing and distribution of energy equipment, wind power equipment and fittings; energy saving technical reconstruction; and energy saving technology consulting services, providing comprehensive solutions for energy-saving emission reduction. The Sales Company, which is a subsidiary of Nengfa Energy, is 99% owned by Nengfa Energy. The Sales Company engages in the sales and marketing of flow control equipment and products in the PRC.

On August 26, 2009, the Company completed a 3 for 1 reverse stock split. The total number of then outstanding shares of common stock changed from 39,872,704 pre-split to 13,291,387 post-split.

On September 15, 2010, the Company completed a 2.5 for 1 reverse share split of its common stock, the total number of outstanding shares of common stock changed from 13,315,486 pre-split to 5,326,501 post-split.

On October 4, 2010 our common stock commenced trading on the Nasdaq Global Market. On March 7, 2012, upon approval by Nasdaq, our common stock transferred from the Nasdaq Global Market to the Nasdaq Capital Market, Our common stock trades on the Nasdaq Stock Market under the ticker symbol "NFEC".

Nengfa Energy is dedicated to energy efficiency enhancement in two fields: (1) manufacturing large diameter energy efficient intelligent flow control systems for thermal and nuclear power generation plants, major national and regional water supply projects and municipal water, gas and heat supply pipeline networks; and (2) energy saving technology consulting, optimization design services, energy saving reconstruction of pipeline networks and contractual energy management services for China's electric power, petrochemical, coal, metallurgy, construction, and municipal infrastructure industries.

Nengfa Energy has received many awards and honors from China's regulators, professional associations and renowned international organizations, including the ISO 9001:20000 certification from Det Norske Veritas Management System, the Liaoning Provincial Government's Award of Innovative Enterprise with Best Investment Return Potentials, the Special Industrial Contribution Award of the ESCO Committee of China Energy Conservation Association, and the Grade A Tax Payer Enterprise Award by the Liaoning State Local Tax Administration.

Nengfa Energy enjoys a reputation as a leader and dedicated energy saving company in China for over 15 years. Its professional capacity as a provider of energy services is officially certified by China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC). It has been a corporate member on the Board of the ESCO Committee of China Energy Conservation Association and a founding member of China Standardization and Technical Consortium for Energy Conservation and Emission Reduction.

As a certified energy service provider, Nengfa Energy is entitled to various tax breaks and energy saving awards created by Chinese governments at national, provincial and local levels. The major tax incentive by the central government includes two-year corporate income tax exemption plus a three-year reduction of corporation income tax for all energy performance based, profit sharing energy service projects. The government policy also incentivizes Nengfa Energy's clients with tax refunds on goods and properties of the energy saving projects when Nengfa Energy transfers to them at the end of energy service contracts.

The current principal development focus of Nengfa Energy is to complete the on-going construction project of the new manufacturing facility which will triple the company's capacity to produce large intelligent flow control systems and to provide our company with more advanced technology to supply high quality energy efficient and safety reliant products for high end markets such as nuclear power plants and super critical power generation plants.

Our corporate goal is to maintain our established position as a leading provider of energy efficiency flow control systems, a cutting edge innovator with clean energy and energy efficiency technologies, and a total energy efficiency solution and service provider dedicated to maximum returns to our investors, partners, clients and the environment.

Our products and services include the manufacturing and sales of energy-saving flow control equipment, energy saving technology consulting, optimization design services, energy saving reconstruction of pipeline networks and contractual energy management services for China's electric power, water power, petrochemical, coal, metallurgy, construction, and municipal infrastructure development industries.

Examples of contracts entered into by the Company or its subsidiaries are:

· In 2007, Nengfa Energy received contracts for our products and services to be used in three sections of the Middle Section-Jingshi Section of the national project to redirect the water from China's southern rivers to the north of the country. This phase of the project was completed and passed inspection in 2008.

· In 2008, the Company received flow control equipment contracts from seven cities in Liaoning Province for their water supply systems.

· In 2009, the Company was awarded several flow control equipment supply contracts, including one for the Xijiang diversion project of Guandong Province, and one for Phase 1 of Guangdong Yuedian Huilai Power Plant.

· In 2010, the Company received contracts for our products and services to be used in over 50 companies, including Chongqing Water Turbine Company, Chongqing Fangneng Electricity Power Company, Zhejiang Zheneng Jiahua Electricity Power Co. Ltd, and Shaoxing Binhai Thermal Power Company, and a project contract with Fuxin County in Inner Mongolian.

· In 2011, the Company received contracts from Beijing South to North Water Diversion Operation and Management Center, Jiangsu Changshu Power Generation Co. Ltd., Indian RODA Supercritical Power Station, Indian KAWAI Supercritical Power Station, Zhejiang ZhenNeng Zhong Mei Zhoushan Coal Industry and Electricity Power Co. Ltd., Shenzhen QinglinJing Water Diversion Project, Chongqing Yunneng Power Generation Co. Ltd., and Shenyang Mining Machinery Co. Ltd.

· In 2012, the Company received contracts from Beijing South to North Water Diversion Operation and Management Center, Shanxi Kegong Longsheng technology Ltd, Huaihu Coal Ltd, Chongqing Water-Turbine Ltd, Shenergy Company Limited, Shanghai Qingcaosha City-Environment Project (South Branch Project), Luanhe Power station of China Guodian Corporation ,Qiangui power Ltd , Guizhou Province, Guihang Nenghuan refrigeration engineering Ltd., Shanghai City.


Certain statements in this report, including statements of our expectations, intentions, plans and beliefs, including those contained in or implied by "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, are "forward-looking statements", within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"), that are subject to certain events, risks and uncertainties that may be outside our control. The words "believe", "expect", "anticipate", "optimistic", "intend", "will", and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date on which they are made. We undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements include statements of management's plans and objectives for our future operations and statements of future economic performance, information regarding our expansion and possible results from expansion, our expected growth, our capital budget and future capital requirements, the availability of funds and our ability to meet future capital needs, the realization of our deferred tax assets, and the assumptions described in this report underlying such forward-looking statements. Actual results and developments could differ materially from those expressed in or implied by such statements due to a number of factors, including, without limitation, those described in the context of such forward-looking statements, our expansion and acquisition strategy, our ability to achieve operating efficiencies, industry pricing and technology trends, evolving industry standards, general economic and business conditions, the strength and financial resources of our competitors, our ability to find and retain skilled personnel, the political and economic climate in which we conduct operations and the risk factors described from time to time in our other documents and reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "Commission"). Additional factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:
1) our ability to successfully develop, manufacture and deliver our products on a timely basis and in compliance with our contract terms; 2) our ability to compete effectively with other companies in our industry segments; 3) our ability to raise capital or generate sufficient working capital in order to effectuate our business plan; 4) our ability to retain our key executives; and
5) our ability to win and perform significant construction and infrastructure projects.


An appreciation of our critical accounting policies is necessary to understand our financial results. These policies may require management to make difficult and subjective judgments regarding uncertainties, and as a result, such estimates may significantly impact our financial results. The precision of these estimates and the likelihood of future changes depend on a number of underlying variables and a range of possible outcomes. We applied our critical accounting policies and estimation methods consistently in all periods presented.

Revenue Recognition

In accordance with the ASC Topic 605, "Revenue Recognition", the Company recognizes revenue when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, transfer of title has occurred or services have been rendered, the selling price is fixed or determinable and collectability is reasonably assured.

The Company's revenue is principally derived from three primary sources: Sales of energy saving flow control equipment, provision of energy project management and sub-contracting services, and provision of energy-saving reconstruction projects.

(a) Sale of products

The Company derives a majority of its revenues from the sale of energy saving flow control equipment. Generally, the energy saving flow control equipment is manufactured and configured to customer requirements. The Company typically produces the energy saving flow control equipment for customers over a period from one to six months. When the Company completes production in accordance with the customer's specification, the customer is required to inspect the finished products at the Company's plant to approve quality and conformity and make final acceptance. Once the product is accepted by the customer, the Company undertakes delivery to the customer, usually within a month.

The Company recognizes revenue from the sale of such finished products upon delivery to the customers, when the title and risk of loss are fully transferred to the customers. The Company records its revenues, net of value added taxes ("VAT"). The VAT rate is 17%.

(b) Service revenue

Service revenue is derived from energy-saving technical services, project management or sub-contracting services. These services are generally billed on a time-cost plus basis, for the period of service provided, which is generally from two to nine months. Revenue is recognized when the service is rendered and accepted by the customer.

(c) Project revenue

For energy-saving reconstruction projects, the Company follows the percentage-of-completion method under ASC Subtopic 605-35, "Construction-Type and Production-Type Contracts" to recognize revenues for energy-saving reconstruction projects that require significant modification or customization or installation for a term of service period exceeding 12 months.

(d) Interest income

Interest income is recognized on a time apportionment basis, taking into account the principal amounts outstanding and the interest rates applicable.

Accounts Receivable

Accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amount, do not bear interest and are due within the contractual payment terms, generally 30 to 90 days from shipment. Credit is extended based on evaluation of a customer's financial condition, the customer's credit-worthiness and their payment history. Accounts receivable outstanding longer than the contractual payment terms are considered past due. Past due balances over 90 days and over a specified amount are reviewed individually for collectability. At the end of each period, the Company specifically evaluates each individual customer's financial condition, credit history, and the current economic conditions to monitor the progress of the collection of accounts receivable. The Company will consider an allowance for doubtful accounts for any estimated losses resulting from the inability of its customers to make required payments. For the receivables that are past due or not being paid according to payment terms, the appropriate actions are taken to exhaust all means of collection, including seeking legal resolution in a court of law. Account balances are charged off against the allowance after all means of collection has been exhausted and the potential for recovery is considered remote. The Company does not have any off-balance-sheet credit exposure related to its customers.

For most of our contracts, our customers are generally large or stated-owned construction contractors or developers mainly engaged in government-sponsored infrastructure projects such as large hydraulic/aqua-engineering projects, power plants and urban sewage network projects in the PRC. Usually, these infrastructure projects are undertaken in a number of phases over a certain period of time. Our flow control equipment components are generally considered as major or significant components in the development phase of these infrastructure projects. As is standard in our industry practice, we are paid by these contractors and/or developers after they are paid by the local government or state-owned enterprises after the full inspection of each milestone during each construction phrase. Given that the construction of these infrastructure projects are very large and complex, and require a high level of quality at completion, the inspection process may take a considerable amount of time. Therefore, we may not collect the accounts receivable in a timely manner or only after a period longer than our agreed payment terms.

We have a high level of assurance on the recoverability of these accounts receivable, based on our ongoing assessment of customers' credit-worthiness and their payment history. These customers are usually large state-owned corporations with good credit ratings. At the end of each period, we specifically evaluate the structure and collectability of accounts receivable and for receivables that are past due or not being paid according to the payment terms, we take appropriate action to exhaust all means of collection, including seeking legal resolution in a court of law. For customers with large amounts of accounts receivable, we may take other steps, such as limiting sales and changing payment terms and requesting forms of security. We will consider an adjustment to the allowance for doubtful accounts for any estimated losses resulting from the inability of our customers to make required payments.

Account balances are charged off against the allowance for doubtful accounts after all means of collection have been exhausted and the potential for recovery is considered remote. The Company does not have any off-balance sheet credit exposure related to its customers.

Product Warranties

Under the terms of the contracts, the Company offers a free 12 to 24 months of product warranty on a case-by-case basis, depending upon the type of customer, and the nature and size of the infrastructure project. Under such arrangements, a portion of the project contract balance (usually 5-10% of contract value) is withheld by a customer from 12 to 24 months, until the product warranty has expired. The Company has not experienced any material returns under this warranty provision.


Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market (net realizable value), with the cost being determined on a weighted average method. Costs include material, labor and manufacturing overhead costs. Quarterly, the Company reviews historical sales activity to determine excess, slow moving items and potentially obsolete items and also evaluates the impact of any anticipated changes in future demand. The Company provides inventory allowances based on excess and obsolete inventories determined principally by customer demand.

Plant and Equipment

Plant and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Depreciation is calculated on the straight-line basis over the following expected useful lives from the date on which they become fully operational and after taking into account their estimated residual values:

                                   Expected useful life   Residual value
Building                                 30 years                       5 %
Plant and machinery                   10 - 20 years                     5 %
Furniture, fixture and equipment       5 - 8 years                      5 %

Expenditure for repairs and maintenance is expensed as incurred. When assets have been retired or sold, the cost and related accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and any resulting gain or loss is recognized in the results of operations.

Land Use Rights

All land in the PRC is owned by the PRC government. The government in the PRC, according to the relevant PRC law, may sell the right to use the land for a specified period of time. Thus, the Company's land purchase in the PRC is considered to be leasehold land and is stated at cost less accumulated amortization and any recognized impairment loss. Amortization is provided over the term of the land use right agreement on a straight-line basis, which is 50 years and will expire in 2059.

Income Taxes

Income taxes are determined in accordance with the provisions of ASC Topic 740, "Income Taxes" ("ASC 740"). Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax basis. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted income tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. Any effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.

ASC 740 prescribes a comprehensive model for how companies should recognize, measure, present, and discloses in their financial statements uncertain tax positions taken or expected to be taken on a tax return. Under ASC 740, tax positions must initially be recognized in the financial statements when it is more likely than not the position will be sustained upon examination by the tax authorities. Such tax positions must initially and subsequently be measured as the largest amount of tax benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement with the tax authority assuming full knowledge of the position and relevant facts.

Foreign Currencies Translation

Transactions denominated in currencies other than the functional currency are translated into the functional currency at the exchange rates prevailing at the dates of the transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in currencies other than the functional currency are translated into the functional currency using the applicable exchange rates at the balance sheet dates. The resulting exchange differences are recorded in the condensed consolidated statement of operations.

The reporting currency of the Company is the United States dollar ("US$"). The Company's subsidiaries in the PRC, Nengfa Energy and Sales Company maintain their books and records in the local currency of the PRC, the Renminbi ("RMB"), which is the primary currency of the economic environment in which these entities operate.

In general, for consolidation purposes, assets and liabilities of its subsidiaries whose functional currency is not the US$ are translated into US$, in accordance with ASC Topic 830-30, "Translation of Financial Statement", using the exchange rate on the balance sheet date. Revenues and expenses are translated at average rates prevailing during the period. The gains and losses resulting from translation of financial statements of foreign subsidiaries are recorded as a separate component of accumulated other comprehensive income within the statement of stockholders' equity.

Translation of amounts from RMB into US$ has been made at the following exchange rates for the respective period:

                                         September 30, 2012       September 30, 2011
Period-end RMB:US$1 exchange rate                     6.3340                   6.4018
Average period RMB:US$1 exchange rate                 6.3275                   6.5060



A 2012 government report from the office of the Chinese Premier, Wen Jiabao stated that: "We made progress in conserving energy, reducing emissions, and protecting the ecological environment. We adopted and implemented the Comprehensive Work Plan for Conserving Energy and Reducing Emissions and the Work Plan for Controlling Greenhouse Gas Emissions for the Twelfth Five-Year Plan period, and the Guidelines on Strengthening Key Environmental Protection Tasks. The installed power capacity using clean energy reached 290 million KW, an increase of 33.56 million KW over the previous year. We strengthened the development of major energy conservation and environmental protection projects. We increased daily sewage treatment capacity by 11 million tons in urban areas, and installed desulphurization systems on all new coal-fired power-generating units with a total capacity of over 50 million KW. We tightened controls over industries that are energy intensive, have high emissions or possess excess production capacity, and closed down outdated production facilities whose production capacity amounted to 150 million tons of cement, 31.22 million tons of iron, and 19.25 million tons of coke." We believe this indicates that in 2012 and thereafter low carbon initiatives"…will become a new impetus and engine for economic development, and it will become a new weathervane for construction of leading industrial systems and consumption patterns. "

On April 6, 2010, the State Council of China approved the "Opinion on Accelerating the Implementation of Energy Management Contract to Promote the Development of Energy Service Industry," ("the Opinion") which was proposed by the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Finance, People's Bank of China and the State Taxation Administration. A series of new tax benefits will stimulate China's domestic energy conservation projects and services development. NF Energy will further develop its energy conservation projects by using "Energy Management Contract" ("EMC") and "Energy Performance Contract" models.

We believe that the stimulation plan of expanding environmental infrastructure that the Chinese government implements should provide the Company with a significant opportunity to provide energy saving services to the government supported infrastructure and industrial companies' energy saving infrastructure. In October 2010, the Company was recommended as one of the first batch of "Energy Saving Service Companies" by the Chinese National Development and Reform Commission, and consequently, we believe that we will benefit from the government's new tax deduction policy to energy saving service companies.

In 2011, the Twelfth Five Year Plan was launched in China with seven strategic emerging industries' being promoted, including new energy and renewable energy. The production of electric power development continues to increase in major river valleys, and it is anticipated that the total installed capacity will reach 1.4 billion kilowatts by 2015. Hydropower to be installed will reach between 280 and 290 million KW; nuclear power to be installed will reach between 40 and 50 million KW; wind power installed will reach between 90 and 100 million KW; it is anticipated that the total output will reach between 1.6 and 1.8 billion KW, hydropower and nuclear power to be installed will reach 70 - 80 million KW and 100 -150 million KW respectively. Conventional thermal power will . . .

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