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IRM > SEC Filings for IRM > Form 10-Q on 2-Nov-2012All Recent SEC Filings

Show all filings for IRON MOUNTAIN INC



Quarterly Report

Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 should be read in conjunction with our Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto for (1) the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012, included herein, and
(2) the year ended December 31, 2011, included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on February 28, 2012 ("Annual Report").


We have made statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that constitute "forward-looking statements" as that term is defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and other securities laws. These forward-looking statements concern our operations, economic performance, financial condition, goals, beliefs, future growth strategies, investment objectives, plans and current expectations, such as our (1) commitment to future dividend payments, (2) expected target leverage ratio, (3) expected internal revenue growth rate and capital expenditures for 2012, and (4) estimated range of tax payments and other costs in 2012 in connection with our proposed conversion to a real estate investment trust. These forward-looking statements are subject to various known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors. When we use words such as "believes," "expects," "anticipates," "estimates" or similar expressions, we are making forward-looking statements. Although we believe that our forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, our expected results may not be achieved, and actual results may differ materially from our expectations. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ from expectations include, among others: (1) the cost to comply with current and future laws, regulations and customer demands relating to privacy issues; (2) the impact of litigation or disputes that may arise in connection with incidents in which we fail to protect our customers' information; (3) changes in the price for our services relative to the cost of providing such services; (4) changes in customer preferences and demand for our services; (5) the adoption of alternative technologies and shifts by our customers to storage of data through non-paper based technologies; (6) the cost or potential liabilities associated with real estate necessary for our business;
(7) the performance of business partners upon whom we depend for technical assistance or management expertise outside the U.S.; (8) changes in the political and economic environments in the countries in which our international subsidiaries operate; (9) with regard to our estimated tax and other REIT-conversion costs, our estimates may not be accurate, and such costs may turn out to be materially different than our estimates due to unanticipated outcomes in the private letter rulings, changes in our support functions and support costs, the unsuccessful execution of internal planning, including restructurings and cost reduction initiatives, or other factors; (10) claims that our technology violates the intellectual property rights of a third party;
(11) the cost of our debt; (12) the impact of alternative, more attractive investments on dividend; (13) our ability or inability to complete acquisitions on satisfactory terms and to integrate acquired companies efficiently; and
(14) other trends in competitive or economic conditions affecting our financial condition or results of operations not presently contemplated. You should not rely upon forward-looking statements except as statements of our present intentions and of our present expectations, which may or may not occur. Other risks may adversely impact us, as described more fully under "Item 1A. Risk Factors" in our Annual Report and in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2012. You should read these cautionary statements as being applicable to all forward-looking statements wherever they appear. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to release publicly the result of any revision to these forward-looking statements that may be made to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events. Readers are also urged to carefully review and consider the various disclosures we have made in this document, as well as our other periodic reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC").

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Non-GAAP Measures

Adjusted Operating Income Before Depreciation, Amortization, Intangible Impairments and REIT Costs ("Adjusted OIBDA")

Adjusted OIBDA is defined as operating income before depreciation, amortization, intangible impairments, (gain) loss on disposal/write-down of property, plant and equipment, net and costs associated with our 2011 proxy contest, the work of the Strategic Review Special Committee of the Board of Directors (the "Special Committee") and the proposed REIT conversion ("REIT Costs"). Adjusted OIBDA Margin is calculated by dividing Adjusted OIBDA by total revenues. We use multiples of current or projected Adjusted OIBDA in conjunction with our discounted cash flow models to determine our overall enterprise valuation and to evaluate acquisition targets. We believe Adjusted OIBDA and Adjusted OIBDA Margin provide current and potential investors with relevant and useful information regarding our ability to generate cash flow to support business investment. These measures are an integral part of the internal reporting system we use to assess and evaluate the operating performance of our business. Adjusted OIBDA does not include certain items that we believe are not indicative of our core operating results, specifically: (1) (gain) loss on disposal/write-down of property, plant and equipment, net; (2) intangible impairments; (3) REIT Costs; (4) other expense (income), net; (5) cumulative effect of change in accounting principle; (6) income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax; (7) gain (loss) on sale of discontinued operations, net of tax; and (8) net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests.

Adjusted OIBDA also does not include interest expense, net and the provision (benefit) for income taxes. These expenses are associated with our capitalization and tax structures, which we do not consider when evaluating the operating profitability of our core operations. Finally, Adjusted OIBDA does not include depreciation and amortization expenses in order to eliminate the impact of capital investments, which we evaluate by comparing capital expenditures to incremental revenue generated and as a percentage of total revenues. Adjusted OIBDA and Adjusted OIBDA Margin should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, other measures of financial performance reported in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP"), such as operating or net income (loss) or cash flows from operating activities from continuing operations (as determined in accordance with GAAP).

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Reconciliation of Adjusted OIBDA to Operating Income, Income from Continuing
Operations and Net Income (in thousands):

                                               Three Months Ended       Nine Months Ended
                                                 September 30,            September 30,
                                                2011        2012        2011        2012
Adjusted OIBDA                                $ 253,723   $ 244,120   $ 712,798   $ 705,609
Less: Depreciation and Amortization              76,904      80,944     235,935     236,462
Intangible Impairments                           42,500           -      42,500           -
Gain on disposal/write-down of Property,
Plant and Equipment, net                         (1,661 )    (1,627 )    (2,345 )    (1,515 )
REIT Costs(1)                                       781      10,837      14,972      16,196

Operating Income                                135,199     153,966     421,736     454,466
Less: Interest Expense, Net                      50,047      61,381     147,269     178,381
Other Expense, Net                               16,631       7,746      10,294      14,508
Provision for Income Taxes                       18,127      31,120      65,143     105,344

Income from Continuing Operations                50,394      53,719     199,030     156,233
(Loss) Income from Discontinued
Operations, Net of Tax                          (19,380 )        32     (33,699 )    (5,700 )
Gain (Loss) on Sale of Discontinued
Operations, Net of Tax                            6,911           -     200,260      (1,885 )
Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling
interests                                           587         942       2,109       2,434

Net Income Attributable to Iron Mountain
Incorporated                                  $  37,338   $  52,809   $ 363,482   $ 146,214

Includes costs associated with our 2011 proxy contest, the work of the Special Committee and the proposed REIT conversion.

Adjusted Earnings per Share from Continuing Operations ("Adjusted EPS")

Adjusted EPS is defined as reported earnings per share from continuing operations excluding: (1) (gain) loss on the disposal/write-down of property, plant and equipment, net; (2) intangible impairments; (3) REIT Costs; (4) other expense (income), net; and (5) the tax impact of reconciling items and discrete tax items. We do not believe these excluded items to be indicative of our ongoing operating results, and they are not considered when we are forecasting our future results. We believe Adjusted EPS is of value to investors when comparing our results from past, present and future periods.

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Reconciliation of Adjusted EPS-Fully Diluted from Continuing Operations to
Reported EPS-Fully Diluted from Continuing Operations:

                                                        Three Months         Nine Months
                                                            Ended               Ended
                                                        September 30,       September 30,
                                                       2011      2012      2011      2012
Adjusted EPS-Fully Diluted from Continuing
Operations                                            $  0.40   $  0.34   $  1.01   $  0.99
Less: Gain on disposal/write-down of property,
plant and equipment, net                                (0.01 )   (0.01 )   (0.01 )   (0.01 )
Intangible Impairments                                   0.22         -      0.21         -
Other Expense, net                                       0.08      0.04      0.05      0.08
REIT Costs                                                  -      0.06      0.07      0.09
Tax impact of reconciling items and discrete tax
items                                                   (0.15 )   (0.06 )   (0.30 )   (0.08 )

Reported EPS-Fully Diluted from Continuing
Operations                                            $  0.26   $  0.31   $  0.99   $  0.91

Critical Accounting Policies

Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with GAAP. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and for the period then ended. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate the estimates used. We base our estimates on historical experience, actuarial estimates, current conditions and various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. These estimates form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities and are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates. Our critical accounting policies include the following, which are listed in no particular order:

Revenue Recognition

Accounting for Acquisitions

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts and Credit Memos

Impairment of Tangible and Intangible Assets

Accounting for Internal Use Software

Income Taxes

Stock-Based Compensation

Self-Insured Liabilities

Further detail regarding our critical accounting policies can be found in "Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" in our Annual Report and the Consolidated Financial Statements and the Notes included therein. Management has determined that no material changes concerning our critical accounting policies have occurred since December 31, 2011.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In September 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2011-08, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Testing Goodwill for

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Impairment. ASU No. 2011-08 allows, but does not require, entities to first assess qualitatively whether it is necessary to perform the two-step goodwill impairment test. If an entity believes, as a result of its qualitative assessment, that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, the quantitative two-step impairment test is required; otherwise, no further testing is required. We adopted ASU No. 2011-08 as of January 1, 2012. The adoption of ASU No. 2011-08 did not have an impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.


The following discussions set forth, for the periods indicated, management's discussion and analysis of results. Significant trends and changes are discussed for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 within each section. Trends and changes that are consistent within the three and nine months are not repeated and are discussed on a year-to-date basis.

Potential Real Estate Investment Trust ("REIT") Conversion

On June 5, 2012, we announced that our board of directors, following a thorough analysis of alternatives and careful consideration of the topic and after the unanimous recommendation of the Special Committee, unanimously approved a plan for IMI to pursue conversion (the "Conversion Plan") to a REIT. We have begun implementation of the Conversion Plan and we intend to make a tax election for REIT status no sooner than our taxable year beginning January 1, 2014. Any REIT election made by us must be effective as of the beginning of a taxable year; therefore, if, as a calendar year taxpayer, we are unable to convert to a REIT by January 1, 2014, the next possible conversion date would be January 1, 2015.

If we are able to convert to, and qualify as, a REIT, we will generally be permitted to deduct from U.S. federal income taxes dividends paid to our stockholders. The income represented by such dividends would not be subject to U.S. federal taxation at the entity level but would be taxed, if at all, only at the stockholder level. Nevertheless, the income of our U.S. taxable REIT subsidiaries ("TRS"), which will hold our U.S. operations that may not be REIT-compliant, will be subject, as applicable, to U.S. federal and state corporate income tax, and we will continue to be subject to foreign income taxes in jurisdictions in which we hold assets or conduct operations, regardless of whether held or conducted through qualified REIT subsidiaries ("QRS") or TRS. We will also be subject to a separate corporate income tax on any gains recognized during a specified period (generally, 10 years) following the REIT conversion that are attributable to "built-in" gains with respect to the assets that we own on the date we convert to a REIT. Our ability to qualify as a REIT will depend upon our continuing compliance following our conversion to a REIT with various requirements, including requirements related to the nature of our assets, the sources of our income and the distributions to our stockholders. If we fail to qualify as a REIT, we will be subject to U.S. federal income tax at regular corporate rates. Even if we qualify for taxation as a REIT, we may be subject to some federal, state, local and foreign taxes on our income and property. In particular, while state income tax regimes often parallel the U.S. federal income tax regime for REITs described above, many states do not completely follow U.S. federal rules and some may not follow them at all.

We currently estimate the incremental operating and capital expenditures associated with the Conversion Plan through 2014 to be approximately $100.0 million to $150.0 million. Of these amounts, approximately $35.0 million to $40.0 million is expected to be incurred in 2012, inclusive of approximately $10.0 million of capital expenditures. If the Conversion Plan is successful, we also expect to incur an additional $5.0 million to $10.0 million in annual compliance costs in future years. We may also incur costs and record non-cash charges in connection with certain potential modifications to our employee equity compensation plans associated with our conversion to a REIT.

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The Conversion Plan currently includes submitting requests for private letter rulings ("PLR") to the U.S. Internal Revenue Service (the "IRS"). Our PLR requests have multiple components, and the conversion to a REIT will require favorable rulings from the IRS on numerous technical tax issues, including the characterization of our racking assets as real estate. We submitted our PLR requests to the IRS during the third quarter of 2012, but the IRS may not provide a favorable response to our PLR requests until 2013 or at all.

Discontinued Operations

On June 2, 2011, we completed the sale (the "Digital Sale") of our online backup and recovery, digital archiving and eDiscovery solutions businesses of our digital business (the "Digital Business") to Autonomy Corporation plc, a corporation formed under the laws of England and Wales ("Autonomy"), pursuant to a purchase and sale agreement dated as of May 15, 2011 among Iron Mountain Incorporated ("IMI"), certain subsidiaries of IMI and Autonomy (the "Digital Sale Agreement"). Additionally, on October 3, 2011, we sold our records management business in New Zealand (the "New Zealand Business"). Also, on April 27, 2012, we sold our records management business in Italy (the "Italian Business"). The financial position, operating results and cash flows of the Digital Business, the New Zealand Business and the Italian Business, including the gain on the sale of the Digital Business and the New Zealand Business and the loss on the sale of the Italian Business, for all periods presented, have been reported as discontinued operations for financial reporting purposes. See Note 10 to Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

Goodwill Impairment

In September 2011, as a result of certain changes we made in the manner in which our European operations are managed, we reorganized our reporting structure and reassigned goodwill among the revised reporting units. As a result of the management and reporting changes, we concluded that we have three reporting units for our European operations: (1) the United Kingdom, Ireland and Norway ("UKI"), (2) Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Netherlands and Spain ("Western Europe") and (3) the remaining countries in Europe ("Central Europe"). Due to these changes, we will perform future goodwill impairment analyses on the new reporting unit basis. As a result of the restructuring of our reporting units, we concluded that we had an interim triggering event, and, therefore, we performed an interim goodwill impairment test for UKI, Western Europe and Central Europe in the third quarter of 2011, as of August 31, 2011. As required by GAAP, prior to our goodwill impairment analysis we performed an impairment assessment on the long-lived assets within our UKI, Western Europe and Central Europe reporting units and noted no impairment, except for the Italian Business, which was included in our Western Europe reporting unit, and which is now included in discontinued operations as discussed in Note 10 to Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. Based on our analysis, we concluded that the goodwill of our UKI and Central Europe reporting units was not impaired. Our UKI and Central Europe reporting units had fair values that exceeded their carrying values by 15.1% and 4.9%, respectively, as of August 31, 2011. Central Europe is still in the investment stage, and, accordingly, its fair value does not exceed its carrying value by a significant margin at this point in time. A deterioration of the UKI or Central Europe businesses or their failure to achieve the forecasted results could lead to impairments in future periods. Our Western Europe reporting unit's fair value was less than its carrying value, and, as a result, we recorded a goodwill impairment charge of $46.5 million included as a component of intangible impairments from continuing operations in our consolidated statements of operations for the year ended December 31, 2011 (of which $42.5 million was recorded and included in the third quarter of 2011). See Note 10 to Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for the portion of the charge allocated to the Italian Business based on a relative fair value basis.

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Our revenues consist of storage rental revenues as well as service revenues. Storage rental revenues, which are considered a key driver of our financial performance, consist primarily of recurring periodic charges related to the storage of materials or data (generally on a per unit basis) that are typically retained by customers for many years. Service revenues are comprised of charges for related core service activities and a wide array of complementary products and services. Included in core service revenues are: (1) the handling of records, including the addition of new records, temporary removal of records from storage, refiling of removed records and the destruction of records;
(2) courier operations, consisting primarily of the pickup and delivery of records upon customer request; (3) secure shredding of sensitive documents; and
(4) other recurring services, including Document Management Solutions ("DMS"), which relate to physical and digital records, and recurring project revenues. Our complementary services revenues include special project work, customer termination and permanent withdrawal fees, data restoration projects, fulfillment services, consulting services, technology services and product sales (including specially designed storage containers and related supplies). A by-product of our secure shredding and destruction services is the sale of recycled paper (included in complementary services revenues), the price of which can fluctuate from period to period, adding to the volatility and reducing the predictability of that revenue stream.

We recognize revenue when the following criteria are met: persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, services have been rendered, the sales price is fixed or determinable and collectability of the resulting receivable is reasonably assured. Storage rental and service revenues are recognized in the month the respective storage rental or service is provided, and customers are generally billed on a monthly basis on contractually agreed-upon terms. Amounts related to future storage rental or prepaid service contracts for customers where storage rental fees or services are billed in advance are accounted for as deferred revenue and recognized ratably over the applicable storage rental or service period or when the service is performed. Revenue from the sales of products, which is included as a component of service revenues, is recognized when products are shipped to the customer and title has passed to the customer. Revenues from the sales of products have historically not been significant.

Cost of sales (excluding depreciation and amortization) consists primarily of wages and benefits for field personnel, facility occupancy costs (including rent and utilities), transportation expenses (including vehicle leases and fuel), other product cost of sales and other equipment costs and supplies. Of these, wages and benefits and facility occupancy costs are the most significant. Trends in total wages and benefits in dollars and as a percentage of total consolidated revenue are influenced by changes in headcount and compensation levels, achievement of incentive compensation targets, workforce productivity and variability in costs associated with medical insurance and workers compensation. Trends in facility occupancy costs are impacted by the total number of facilities we occupy, the mix of properties we own versus properties we occupy under operating leases, fluctuations in per square foot occupancy costs, and the levels of utilization of these properties.

The expansion of our international and secure shredding businesses has impacted the major cost of sales components. Our international operations are more labor intensive than our North American Business segment and, therefore, add incremental labor costs at a higher percentage of segment revenue than our North American Business segment. Our secure shredding operations incur lower facility costs and higher transportation costs as a percentage of revenues compared to our core physical businesses.

Selling, general and administrative expenses consist primarily of wages and benefits for management, administrative, information technology, sales, account management and marketing personnel, as well as expenses related to communications and data processing, travel, professional fees, bad debts, training, office equipment and supplies. Trends in total wage and benefit dollars and as a percentage of total consolidated revenue are influenced by changes in headcount and compensation

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levels, achievement of incentive compensation targets, workforce productivity and variability in costs associated with medical insurance. The overhead structure of our expanding international operations, as compared to our North American operations, is more labor intensive and has not achieved the same level of overhead leverage, which may result in an increase in selling, general and administrative expenses, as a percentage of consolidated revenue, as our international operations become a more meaningful percentage of our consolidated results.

Our depreciation and amortization charges result primarily from the capital-intensive nature of our business. The principal components of depreciation relate to storage systems, which include racking, building and leasehold improvements, computer systems hardware and software, and buildings. Amortization relates primarily to customer relationship acquisition costs and is . . .

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