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GLDC > SEC Filings for GLDC > Form 10-K on 21-Aug-2014All Recent SEC Filings

Show all filings for GOLDEN ENTERPRISES INC



Annual Report



Management's Discussion and Analysis of
Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion provides an assessment of the Company's financial condition, results of operations, liquidity, and capital resources and should be read in conjunction with the accompanying consolidated financial statements and notes.


The Company manufactures and distributes a full line of snack items, such as potato chips, tortilla chips, corn chips, fried pork skins, baked and fried cheese curls, onion rings, and puff corn. The products are all packaged in flexible bags or other suitable wrapping material. The Company also sells canned dips, pretzels, peanut butter crackers, cheese crackers, dried meat products, and nuts packaged by other manufacturers using the Golden Flake label.

No single product or product line accounts for more than 50% of the Company's sales, which affords some protection against loss of volume due to a crop failure of major agricultural raw materials or failure to procure an adequate supply of pork skin pellets. Raw materials used in manufacturing and processing the Company's snack food products are purchased on the open market, under contract through brokers and directly from growers. A large part of the raw materials used by the Company consists of farm commodities which are subject to precipitous changes in supply and price. Weather varies from season to season and directly affects both the quality and supply of farm commodities available. The Company has no control of the agricultural aspects and its profits are affected accordingly.

The Company sells its products through both its own sales organization and independent distributors principally to commercial establishments that sell food products primarily in the Southeastern United States. The products are distributed through the independent distributors and Company route representatives who are supplied with selling inventory by the Company's trucking fleet. All of the route representatives are employees of the Company and use the Company's direct-store delivery system.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

The Company's discussion and analysis of its financial condition and results of operations are based upon the Company's consolidated financial statements, the preparation of which is in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America which requires management to make estimates and assumptions that in certain circumstances affect amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements. In preparing these financial statements, management has made its best estimates and judgments of certain amounts included in the financial statements, giving due considerations to materiality. The Company does not believe there is a great likelihood that materially different amounts would be reported under different conditions or using different assumptions related to the accounting policies described below. However, application of these accounting policies involves the exercise of judgment and use of assumptions as to future uncertainties and, as a result, actual results could differ materially from these estimates. Other accounting policies and estimates are detailed in Note 1 of the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in this 10-K.

Revenue Recognition

The Company recognizes sales and related costs upon delivery or shipment of products to its customers, including independent distributors. Sales are reduced by returns from and allowances to customers.

Accounts Receivable

The Company records accounts receivable at the time revenue is recognized. Amounts for bad debt expense are recorded in selling, general and administrative expenses on the Consolidated Statements of Operations. The amount of the allowance for doubtful accounts is based on management's estimate of the accounts receivable amount that is uncollectible. The Company records a general reserve based on analysis of historical data. In addition, the Company records specific reserves for receivable balances that are considered high-risk due to known facts regarding the customer. The allowance for bad debts is reviewed quarterly, and determined whether the amount should be changed. Failure of a major customer to pay the Company amounts owed could have a material impact on the financial statements of the Company. At May 30, 2014 and May 31, 2013, the Company had accounts receivables in the amount of $11,341,024 and $10,459,706, net of an allowance for doubtful accounts of $70,000 and $70,000, respectively. The Company did not have any major customer write-offs this year that were not covered by credit insurance.


Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market. Cost is computed on the first-in, first out method.

Accrued Expenses

Management estimates certain expenses in an effort to record those expenses in the period incurred. The Company's significant estimates relate to insurance expenses. The Company is self-insured for certain casualty losses relating to automobile liability, general liability, workers' compensation, property losses, and medical claims. The Company also has stop loss insurance coverage to limit the exposure arising from these claims. Automobile liability, general liability, workers' compensation, and property losses costs are covered by letters of credit with the company's claim administrators.

The Company uses a third-party actuary to estimate the casualty insurance obligations on an annual basis.

In determining the ultimate loss and reserve requirements, the third-party actuary uses various actuarial assumptions including compensation trends, health care cost trends, and discount rates. The third-party actuary also uses historical information for claims frequency and severity in order to establish loss development factors.

The actuarial calculation includes a factor to account for changes in inflation, health care costs, compensation and litigation cost trends, as well as estimated future incurred claims. This year, the Company utilized a 50% confidence level for estimating the ultimate outstanding casualty liability based on the actuarial report. This assumes that approximately 50% of each claim should be equal to or less than the ultimate liability recorded based on the historical trends experienced by the Company. If the Company chose a 75% factor, the liability would have been increased by approximately $0.3 million. If the Company chose a 90% factor, the liability would have increased by approximately $0.5 million.

This year the Company used a 4% investment rate to discount the estimated claims based on the historical payout pattern during 2014 and 2013. A one percentage point change in the discount rate would have impacted the liability by approximately $34,000.

Actual ultimate losses could vary from those estimated by the third-party actuary. The Company believes the reserves established are reasonable estimates of the ultimate liability based on historical trends.

As of May 30, 2014, the Company's casualty reserve was $1,349,181 and at May 31, 2013 the casualty reserve was $1,315,853.

Employee medical insurance accruals are recorded based on medical claims processed as well as historical medical claims experienced for claims incurred but not yet reported. Differences in estimates and assumptions could result in an accrual requirement materially different from the calculated accrual.

Other Commitments

The Company has a letter of credit in the amount of $1,850,000 outstanding at May 30, 2014 and $1,900,000 at May 31, 2013. The letter of credit supports the Company's commercial self-insurance program.

The Company has a line-of-credit agreement with a local bank that permits borrowing up to $3 million. The line-of-credit is subject to the Company's continued credit worthiness and compliance with the terms and conditions of the loan agreement with the bank. The Company's line-of-credit debt at May 30, 2014 was $2,528,511 with an interest rate of 3.25%, leaving the Company with $471,489 of credit availability. The Company's line-of-credit debt at May 31, 2013 was $1,725,289 with an interest rate of 3.25%, leaving the Company with $1,274,711 of credit availability.

The Company's current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) was 1.32 to 1.00 and 1.30 to 1.00 at May 30, 2014 and May 31, 2013, respectively.

Available cash, cash from operations, and available credit under the line of credit are expected to be sufficient to meet anticipated cash expenditures and normal operating requirements for the foreseeable future.

Operating Results

Net sales decreased by 1.0% in fiscal year 2014 and increased by 1.0% in fiscal year 2013.

Cost of sales as a percentage of net sales amounted to 51.3% and 51.5% in 2014 and 2013, respectively.

Selling, general and administrative expenses were 46.7% of net sales in 2014 and 46.8% of net sales in 2013.

Operating income for the fiscal year decreased 22.2% compared to last fiscal year, driven by increased selling and administrative expenses a large portion of which was attributable to Reorganization costs associated with a workforce reduction in November 2013. Nonrecurring restructuring charges associated with the workforce reduction were $1,026,980 for the last fiscal year.

The Company's effective tax rates for 2014 and 2013 were 42.2% and 47.9%, respectively. Note 6 to the Consolidated Financial Statements provides additional information about the provision for income taxes.

The following tables compare manufactured products to resale products for the fiscal years ended May 30, 2014 and May 31, 2013:

                                 Manufactured Products-Resale Products

                                  2014                          2013

Sales                                           %                             %
Manufactured Products   $ 110,130,309        81.0 %   $ 108,848,686        79.3 %
Resale Products            25,766,586        19.0 %      28,496,030        20.7 %
Total                   $ 135,896,895       100.0 %   $ 137,344,716       100.0 %

Gross Margin                                    %                             %
Manufactured Products   $  55,489,556        50.4 %   $  54,727,249        50.3 %
Resale Products            10,742,719        41.7 %      11,830,040        41.5 %
Total                   $  66,232,275        48.7 %   $  66,557,289        48.5 %

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Working capital was $4,865,358 and $4,276,373 at May 30, 2014 and May 31, 2013, respectively. Net cash provided by operations amounted to $3,263,728 and $4,607,029 in fiscal years May 30, 2014 and May 31, 2013, respectively. During 2014, the principal source of liquidity for the Company's operating needs was provided from operating activities, credit facilities, and cash on hand.

Additions to property, plant and equipment are expected to be approximately $5,000,000 in fiscal year 2015.

Cash dividends of $1,466,581 and $1,467,879 were paid in 2014 and 2013, respectively.

The Company did not purchase any shares of treasury stock in fiscal 2014 while cash of $6,860 was used to purchase 2,000 shares of treasury stock in fiscal 2013.

During fiscal 2014, the Company's debt proceeds net of re-paid debt was $410,372 versus $73,670 during fiscal 2013.

Market Risk

The principal market risks (i.e. the risk of loss arising from adverse changes in market rates and prices) to which the Company is exposed are interest rates on its cash equivalents and bank loans, fuel costs, and commodity prices affecting the cost of its raw materials.

The Company is subject to market risk with respect to commodities because its ability to recover increased costs through higher pricing may be limited by the competitive environment in which it operates. The Company purchases its raw materials on the open market, under contract through brokers and directly from growers. Futures contracts have been used occasionally to hedge immaterial amounts of commodity purchases, but none are presently being used.


Certain costs and expenses of the Company are affected by inflation. The Company's prices for its products over the past several fiscal years have remained relatively flat. The Company plans to contend with the effect of further inflation through efficient purchasing, improved manufacturing methods, pricing, and by monitoring and controlling expenses.

Environmental Matters

Golden Flake's waste water treatment plant is an environmentally-friendly way to dispose of process water at the Birmingham plant. The treatment plant has allowed Golden Flake to release the processing water into a neighboring creek which has improved the flow of water in the creek and has positively impacted the environment in the area surrounding the plant. The treatment plant has also helped to reduce expenses associated with sewer charges since this has replaced the previous system which disposed of the process water through the public sewer system.

Forward-Looking Statements

This report contains certain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Actual results could differ materially from those forward-looking statements. Factors that may cause actual results to differ materially include price competition, industry consolidation, raw material costs, fuel costs, and effectiveness of sales and marketing activities, as described in this 10-K. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements which speak only as of the date which they are made.

Recent Developments

During the most recent fiscal year, the Company completed implementation of the enterprise resource planning (ERP) system. This system provides management with real time information to improve forecasting, enhance order and revenue tracking, and integrate our manufacturing, sales and marketing, human resources, and financial applications. The depreciation and amortization costs associated with this system will result in an increase in selling, general, and administrative expenses with an after tax effect currently estimated to be approximately $163,000 per year or a reduction in net income of $.02 per share. The Company expects future cost savings from the implementation of the ERP System due to decreased labor expenses and increase in work flow, supply chain and performance management efficiencies.

During the third quarter of fiscal 2014, the Company took necessary steps to streamline its management structure. As a result, the Company reduced its workforce by approximately 2% and incurred gross restructuring charges of $1,026,980 consisting of severance costs related to the workforce reduction. As all of the restructuring activities were completed in the third quarter of fiscal 2014, the Company does not expect to recognize additional costs in future periods relating to these actions. This one time restructuring change reduced net income by approximately $.09 per share.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

See Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements included in Item 8 for a summary of recently issued accounting pronouncements.


Not applicable as Company is a Smaller Reporting Company.

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