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CFFI > SEC Filings for CFFI > Form 10-Q on 11-Aug-2014All Recent SEC Filings

Show all filings for C & F FINANCIAL CORP

Form 10-Q for C & F FINANCIAL CORP


11-Aug-2014

Quarterly Report


ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This report contains statements concerning the Corporation's expectations, plans, objectives, future financial performance and other statements that are not historical facts. These statements may constitute "forward-looking statements" as defined by federal securities laws and may include, but are not limited to, statements regarding future profitability and financial performance, liquidity, the Corporation's and each business segment's loan portfolio, allowance for loan losses, trends regarding the provision for loan losses, trends regarding net loan charge-offs and expected future charge-off activity, trends regarding levels of nonperforming assets and troubled debt restructurings and expenses associated with nonperforming assets, provision for indemnification losses, the effect of future market and industry trends, levels of noninterest income and expense, interest rates and yields, competitive trends in the Corporation's businesses and markets, the deposit portfolio including trends in deposit maturities and rates, interest rate sensitivity, market risk, regulatory developments, monetary policy implemented by the Federal Reserve including quantitative easing programs, capital requirements and the effect on the Corporation's capital resources of the Corporation's share repurchase program, growth strategy including the outcome of the recent business combination and financial and other goals. These statements may address issues that involve estimates and assumptions made by management and risks and uncertainties. Actual results could differ materially from historical results or those anticipated by such statements. Factors that could have a material adverse effect on the operations and future prospects of the Corporation include, but are not limited to, changes in:

interest rates, such as the current volatility in yields on U.S. Treasury bonds and mortgage rates

general business conditions, as well as conditions within the financial markets

general economic conditions, including unemployment levels

the legislative/regulatory climate, including the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act ( the Dodd-Frank Act) and regulations promulgated thereunder, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) and the regulatory and enforcement activities of the CFPB and rules promulgated under the Basel III framework

monetary and fiscal policies of the U.S. Government, including policies of the Treasury and the Federal Reserve Board, including the effect of these policies on interest rates and business in our markets

the ability to achieve the results expected from the CVB acquisition, including anticipated costs savings, continued relationships with major customers and deposit retention

the value of securities held in the Corporation's investment portfolios

the quality or composition of the loan portfolios and the value of the collateral securing those loans

the commercial and residential real estate markets

the inventory level and pricing of used automobiles, including sales prices of repossessed vehicles

the level of net charge-offs on loans and the adequacy of our allowance for loan losses

demand in the secondary residential mortgage loan markets

the level of indemnification losses related to mortgage loans sold

demand for loan products

deposit flows

the strength of the Corporation's counterparties

competition from both banks and non-banks

demand for financial services in the Corporation's market area

the Corporation's expansion and technology initiatives

reliance on third parties for key services

accounting principles, policies and guidelines and elections by the Corporation thereunder

These risks are exacerbated by the turbulence over the past several years in the global and United States financial markets. Continued weakness in the global and United States financial markets could further affect the Corporation's performance, both directly by affecting the Corporation's revenues and the value of its assets and liabilities, and indirectly by affecting the Corporation's counterparties and the economy in general. While there are some signs of improvement in the economic environment, there was a prolonged period of volatility and disruption in the markets, and unemployment has risen to, and remains at, high levels. There can be no assurance that these unprecedented developments will not continue to materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations, as well as our ability to raise capital for liquidity and business purposes.


Our ability to engage in routine funding transactions could be adversely affected by the actions and commercial soundness of other financial institutions. Financial services institutions are interrelated as a result of trading, clearing, counterparty or other relationships, and we routinely execute transactions with counterparties in the financial industry, including brokers and dealers, commercial banks, and other institutions. As a result, defaults by, or even rumors or questions about defaults by, one or more financial services institutions, or the financial services industry generally, could create another market-wide liquidity crisis similar to that experienced in late 2008 and early 2009 and could lead to losses or defaults by us or by other institutions. There is no assurance that any such losses would not materially adversely affect the Corporation's results of operations.

There can be no assurance that the actions taken by the federal government and regulatory agencies will alleviate the industry or economic factors that may adversely affect the Corporation's business and financial performance. Further, many aspects of the Dodd-Frank Act remain subject to rulemaking and will take effect over several years, making it difficult to anticipate the overall effect on the Corporation's business and financial performance.

These risks and uncertainties, and the risks discussed in more detail in Item 1A, "Risk Factors" of the Corporation's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013, should be considered in evaluating the forward-looking statements contained herein. We caution readers not to place undue reliance on those statements, which speak only as of the date of this report.

The following discussion supplements and provides information about the major components of the results of operations, financial condition, liquidity and capital resources of the Corporation. This discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The preparation of financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions. Those accounting policies with the greatest uncertainty and that require our most difficult, subjective or complex judgments affecting the application of these policies, and the likelihood that materially different amounts would be reported under different conditions, or using different assumptions, are described below.

Allowance for Loan Losses: We establish the allowance for loan losses through charges to earnings in the form of a provision for loan losses. Loan losses are charged against the allowance when we believe that the collection of the principal is unlikely. Subsequent recoveries of losses previously charged against the allowance are credited to the allowance. The allowance represents an amount that, in our judgment, will be adequate to absorb any losses on existing loans that may become uncollectible. Our judgment in determining the level of the allowance is based on evaluations of the collectibility of loans while taking into consideration such factors as trends in delinquencies and charge-offs, changes in the nature and volume of the loan portfolio, current economic conditions that may affect a borrower's ability to repay and the value of collateral, overall portfolio quality and review of specific potential losses. This evaluation is inherently subjective because it requires estimates that are susceptible to significant revision as more information becomes available.

Allowance for Indemnifications: The allowance for indemnifications is established through charges to earnings in the form of a provision for indemnifications, which is included in other noninterest expenses. A loss is charged against the allowance for indemnifications under certain conditions when a purchaser of a loan (investor) sold by C&F Mortgage incurs a loss due to borrower misrepresentation, fraud, early default, or underwriting error. The allowance represents an amount that, in management's judgment, will be adequate to absorb any losses arising from indemnification requests. Management's judgment in determining the level of the allowance is based on the volume of loans sold, historical experience, current economic conditions and information provided by investors. This evaluation is inherently subjective, as it requires estimates that are susceptible to significant revision as more information becomes available.

Impairment of Loans: We consider a loan impaired when it is probable that the Corporation will be unable to collect all interest and principal payments as scheduled in the loan agreement. We do not consider a loan impaired during a period of delay in payment if we expect the ultimate collection of all amounts due. We measure impairment on a loan-by-loan basis for commercial, construction and residential loans in excess of $500,000 by either the present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the loan's effective interest rate, the loan's obtainable market price, or the fair value of the collateral if the loan is collateral dependent. Large groups of smaller balance homogeneous loans are collectively evaluated for impairment. We maintain a valuation allowance to the extent that the measure of the impaired loan is less than the recorded investment. Troubled debt restructurings (TDRs) are also considered impaired loans, even if the loan balance is less than $500,000. A TDR occurs when we agree to significantly modify the original terms of a loan due to the deterioration in the financial condition of the borrower.


Loans Acquired in a Business Combination: Loans acquired in a business combination, such as C&F Financial Corporation's acquisition of CVBK, are recorded at estimated fair value on the date of acquisition without the carryover of the related allowance for loan losses. Purchased credit-impaired (PCI) loans are those for which there is evidence of credit deterioration since origination and for which it is probable at the date of acquisition that the Corporation will not collect all contractually required principal and interest payments. When determining fair market value, PCI loans were aggregated into pools of loans based on common risk characteristics as of the date of acquisition such as loan type, date of origination, and evidence of credit quality deterioration such as internal risk grades and past due and nonaccrual status. The difference between contractually required payments at acquisition and the cash flows expected to be collected at acquisition is referred to as the "nonaccretable difference," and is available to absorb future credit losses on those loans. Subsequent decreases to the expected cash flows will generally result in a provision for loan losses. Subsequent significant increases in cash flows may result in a reversal of the provision for loan losses to the extent of prior charges, or a reversal of the nonaccretable difference with a positive effect on future interest income. Further, any excess of cash flows expected at acquisition over the estimated fair value is referred to as the "accretable yield" and is recognized as interest income over the remaining life of the loan when there is a reasonable expectation about the amount and timing such cash flows.

Subsequent to acquisition, we evaluate on a quarterly basis our estimate of cash flows expected to be collected. In the current economic environment, estimates of cash flows for PCI loans require significant judgment. Subsequent decreases to the expected cash flows will generally result in a provision for loan losses resulting in an increase to the allowance for loan losses. Subsequent increases in cash flows will generally result in an increase in interest income over the remaining life of the loan, or pool(s) of loans. Disposals of loans, which may include sale of loans to third parties, receipt of payments in full or in part from the borrower or foreclosure of the collateral, result in removal of the loan from the PCI loan portfolio at its carrying amount. The Corporation's PCI loans currently consist of loans acquired in connection with the acquisition of CVBK. PCI loans that were classified as nonperforming loans by CVBK are no longer classified as nonperforming so long as, at quarterly re-estimation periods, we believe we will fully collect the new carrying value of the pools of loans.

Loans not designated PCI loans as of the acquisition date are designated purchased performing loans. The Corporation accounts for purchased performing loans using the contractual cash flows method of recognizing discount accretion based on the acquired loans' contractual cash flows. Purchased performing loans are recorded at fair value, including a credit discount. The fair value discount is accreted as an adjustment to yield over the estimated lives of the loans. There is no allowance for loan losses established at the acquisition date for purchased performing loans. A provision for loan losses may be required in future periods for any deterioration in these loans subsequent to the acquisition.

Impairment of Securities: Impairment of securities occurs when the fair value of a security is less than its amortized cost. For debt securities, impairment is considered other-than-temporary and recognized in its entirety in net income if either (i) we intend to sell the security or (ii) it is more-likely-than-not that we will be required to sell the security before recovery of its amortized cost basis. If, however, we do not intend to sell the security and it is not more-likely-than-not that we will be required to sell the security before recovery, we must determine what portion of the impairment is attributable to a credit loss, which occurs when the amortized cost basis of the security exceeds the present value of the cash flows expected to be collected from the security. If there is no credit loss, there is no other-than-temporary impairment. If there is a credit loss, other-than-temporary impairment exists, and the credit loss must be recognized in net income and the remaining portion of impairment must be recognized in other comprehensive income. For equity securities, impairment is considered to be other-than-temporary based on our ability and intent to hold the investment until a recovery of fair value.
Other-than-temporary impairment of an equity security results in a write-down that must be included in net income. We regularly review each investment security for other-than-temporary impairment based on criteria that includes the extent to which cost exceeds market price, the duration of that market decline, the financial health of and specific prospects for the issuer, our best estimate of the present value of cash flows expected to be collected from debt securities, our intention with regard to holding the security to maturity and the likelihood that we would be required to sell the security before recovery.

Other Real Estate Owned (OREO): Assets acquired through, or in lieu of, loan foreclosure are held for sale and are initially recorded at fair value less costs to sell at the date of foreclosure. Subsequent to foreclosure, management periodically performs valuations of the foreclosed assets based on updated appraisals, general market conditions, recent sales of like properties, length of time the properties have been held, and our ability and intention with regard to continued ownership of the properties. The Corporation may incur additional write-downs of foreclosed assets to fair value less costs to sell if valuations indicate a further other-than-temporary deterioration in market conditions.

Goodwill: The Corporation's goodwill was recognized in connection with the Corporation's acquisition of CVBK in October 2013 and C&F Bank's acquisition of C&F Finance Company in September 2002. With the adoption of ASU 2011-08, Intangible-Goodwill and Other-Testing Goodwill for Impairment, in 2012, the Corporation is no longer required to perform a test for impairment unless, based on an assessment of qualitative factors related to goodwill, we determine that it is more likely than not that the fair value of goodwill is less than its carrying amount. If the likelihood of impairment is more than 50 percent, the Corporation must perform a test for impairment and we may be required to record impairment charges. In assessing the recoverability of the Corporation's goodwill, major assumptions used in determining impairment are increases in future income, sales multiples in determining terminal value and the discount rate applied to future cash flows. If an impairment test is performed, we will prepare a sensitivity analysis by increasing the discount rate, lowering sales multiples and reducing increases in future income.


Retirement Plan: The Bank maintains a non-contributory, defined benefit pension plan for eligible full-time employees as specified by the plan. Plan assets, which consist primarily of mutual funds invested in marketable equity securities and corporate and government fixed income securities, are valued using market quotations. The Bank's actuary determines plan obligations and annual pension expense using a number of key assumptions. Key assumptions may include the discount rate, the interest crediting rate, the estimated future return on plan assets and the anticipated rate of future salary increases. Changes in these assumptions in the future, if any, or in the method under which benefits are calculated may affect pension assets, liabilities or expense.

Derivative Financial Instruments: The Corporation recognizes derivative financial instruments at fair value as either an other asset or other liability in the consolidated balance sheet. The Corporation's derivative financial instruments consist of (1) the fair value of IRLCs on mortgage loans that will be held for sale and related forward sale commitments and (2) interest rate swaps that qualify as cash flow hedges of a portion of the Corporation's trust preferred capital notes. Because the IRLCs and forward sale commitments are not designated as hedging instruments, adjustments to reflect unrealized gains and losses resulting from changes in fair value of the Corporation's IRLCs and forward sales commitments and realized gains and losses upon ultimate sale of the loans are classified as noninterest income. The effective portion of the gain or loss on the Corporation's cash flow hedges is reported as a component of other comprehensive income, net of deferred taxes, and reclassified into earnings in the same period or periods during which the hedged transactions affect earnings. For more information concerning fair value measurements of these instruments, see Part I, Item 1, "Financial Statements" in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q under the heading "Note 8: Fair Value of Assets and Liabilities."

Accounting for Income Taxes: Determining the Corporation's effective tax rate requires judgment. In the ordinary course of business, there are transactions and calculations for which the ultimate tax outcomes are uncertain. In addition, the Corporation's tax returns are subject to audit by various tax authorities. Although we believe that the estimates are reasonable, no assurance can be given that the final tax outcome will not be materially different than that which is reflected in the income tax provision and accrual.

For further information concerning accounting policies, refer to Item 8, "Financial Statements and Supplementary Data," under the heading "Note 1:
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies" in the Corporation's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013.

OVERVIEW

Our primary financial goals are to maximize the Corporation's earnings and to deploy capital in profitable growth initiatives that will enhance long-term shareholder value. We track three primary financial performance measures in order to assess the level of success in achieving these goals: (i) return on average assets (ROA), (ii) return on average common equity (ROE), and
(iii) growth in earnings. In addition to these financial performance measures, we track the performance of the Corporation's three principal business activities: retail banking, mortgage banking, and consumer finance. We also actively manage our capital through growth, dividends and stock repurchases, while considering the need to maintain a strong regulatory capital position.

On October 1, 2013, the Corporation acquired all of the outstanding common stock of CVBK. On March 22, 2014, CVBK was merged with and into C&F Financial Corporation and CVB was merged with and into C&F Bank. The Corporation's financial position and results of operations as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 and its financial position as of December 31, 2013 include the financial position and results of operations acquired in connection with the Corporation's purchase of CVBK and CVB.

For more information on this acquisition, see Part I, Item I, "Financial Statements" in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q under the heading "Note 2:
Business Combinations."


Financial Performance Measures

Net income for the Corporation was $3.7 million, or $1.09 per common share assuming dilution, for the three months ended June 30, 2014, compared with $4.2 million, or $1.22 per common share assuming dilution, for the three months ended June 30, 2013. Net income for the Corporation was $6.6 million, or $1.91 per common share assuming dilution, for the six months ended June 30, 2014, compared with $8.2 million, or $2.41 per common share assuming dilution, for the six months ended June 30, 2013. The declines in net income for the second quarter and first half of 2014, compared to the same periods of 2013, were attributable to lower earnings at the Mortgage Banking and the Consumer Finance segments, offset in part by an increase in earnings at the Retail Banking segment. At the Mortgage Banking segment, mortgage interest rate increases since May of last year led to significantly reduced refinance activity and slower than expected residential real estate purchases, which has translated into weaker mortgage loan volume and correspondingly lower income from gains on sales of loans and ancillary mortgage lending fees. Loan production in the Corporation's Mortgage Banking segment was also affected by inclement winter weather conditions, low resale and new housing inventories and loan officer turnover. At the Consumer Finance segment, higher net charge-offs attributable to the continued difficult economic environment for this segment's customers resulted in a higher provision for loan losses during the second quarter and first half of 2014, compared to the same periods of 2013. In addition, the average balance and yield on the Consumer Finance segment's loan portfolio have declined as a result of increased competition and loan pricing strategies that competitors have used to grow market share in auto financing. The Retail Banking segment, which reported an increase in earnings during the second quarter and first six months of 2014, compared to the same periods in 2013, benefited from (1) accounting adjustments associated with the acquisition of CVB, (2) the effects of the continued low interest rate environment on the cost of deposits, (3) a decline in the provision for loan losses as a result of improvement in asset quality and (4) a decline in expenses associated with foreclosed properties as a result of the sale of a majority of these properties since June 30, 2013.

The Corporation's ROE and ROA were 12.74 percent and 1.13 percent, respectively, on an annualized basis for the second quarter of 2014, compared with 15.65 percent and 1.69 percent, respectively, for the second quarter of 2013. For the first six months of 2014, on an annualized basis, the Corporation's ROE and ROA were 11.37 percent and 1.00 percent, respectively, compared with 15.55 percent and 1.66 percent, respectively, for the first six months of 2013. Both ROE and ROA for the second quarter and first half of 2014 were unfavorably affected by lower net income during 2014, compared to the same periods of 2013. The decline in ROE was further affected by internal capital growth of 12.7 percent since June 30, 2013 resulting from earnings and stock option exercises. The decline in ROA was further affected by asset growth of 35.7 percent since June 30, 2013 primarily resulting from the acquisition of CVBK on October 1, 2013.

Principal Business Activities. An overview of the financial results for each of the Corporation's principal business segments is presented below. A more detailed discussion is included in "Results of Operations."

Retail Banking: The Retail Banking segment reported net income of $1.4 million for the second quarter of 2014, compared to net income of $499,000 for the second quarter of 2013. For the first six months of 2014, C&F Bank reported net income of $2.4 million, compared to net income of $1.2 million for the first six months of 2013. Net income of the Retail Banking segment during 2014 includes the results of operations acquired in connection with the Corporation's purchase of CVB on October 1, 2013. The results of both the second quarter and first half of 2014 for the Retail Banking segment were significantly affected by fair market value accounting adjustments resulting from the CVB acquisition. Accordingly, yields on loans and investments acquired from CVB increased and the cost of certificates of deposits assumed from CVB decreased, the benefits of which were partially offset by the amortization of the core deposit intangible and higher depreciation associated with the write-up of certain buildings recognized in the acquisition of CVB. The net accretion attributable to these adjustments was $554,000 and $1.1 million, net of taxes ($852,000 and $1.7 million prior to taxes, respectively) during the second quarter and first half of 2014, respectively.

The improvement in net income of the Retail Banking segment for the second quarter and first six months of 2014, compared to the same periods of 2013, also resulted from (1) the effects of the continued low interest rate environment on the cost of deposits, (2) improvement in loan credit quality resulting in a $600,000 and $1.0 million decrease in the loan loss provision for the second quarter and first half of 2014, respectively, and (3) a significant decline in OREO resulting in lower holding costs and loss provisions. Partially offsetting these positive factors were the negative effects of the following: (1) higher personnel costs associated with increased staff levels and support positions associated with the addition of seven branches through the acquisition of CVB and the addition of commercial loan personnel focused on growing the segment's commercial and small business loan portfolios, (2) one-time transaction expenses associated with the merger of CVB into C&F Bank, (3) depreciation of information technology equipment purchased to upgrade CVB's systems and equipment to conform to C&F Bank's technology infrastructure, and (4) higher operating expenses resulting from the effects of combining CVB's operations into the Bank's.

The Bank's nonperforming assets were $5.3 million at June 30, 2014, compared to $7.2 million at December 31, 2013. Nonperforming assets at June 30, 2014 included $4.5 million in total nonaccrual loans, compared to $4.4 million at December 31, 2013, and $817,000 in OREO, compared to $2.8 million at . . .

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