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NYMT > SEC Filings for NYMT > Form 10-Q on 7-Aug-2014All Recent SEC Filings

Show all filings for NEW YORK MORTGAGE TRUST INC



Quarterly Report

Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations


When used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, in future filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, or in press releases or other written or oral communications issued or made by us, statements which are not historical in nature, including those containing words such as "believe," "expect," "anticipate," "estimate," "plan," "continue," "intend," "should," "would," "could," "goal," "objective," "will," "may" or similar expressions, are intended to identify "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or Exchange Act, and, as such, may involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and assumptions.

Forward-looking statements are based on our beliefs, assumptions and expectations of our future performance, taking into account all information currently available to us. These beliefs, assumptions and expectations are subject to risks and uncertainties and can change as a result of many possible events or factors, not all of which are known to us. If a change occurs, our business, financial condition, liquidity and results of operations may vary materially from those expressed in our forward-looking statements. The following factors are examples of those that could cause actual results to vary from our forward-looking statements: changes in interest rates and the market value of our securities, changes in credit spreads, the impact of the downgrade of the long-term credit ratings of the U.S., Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and Ginnie Mae; market volatility; changes in the prepayment rates on the mortgage loans underlying our investment securities; increased rates of default and/or decreased recovery rates on our assets; our ability to borrow to finance our assets; changes in government laws, regulations or policies affecting our business, including actions taken by the U.S. Federal Reserve and the U.S. Treasury; our ability to maintain our qualification as a REIT for federal tax purposes; our ability to maintain our exemption from registration under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended; and risks associated with investing in real estate assets, including changes in business conditions and the general economy. These and other risks, uncertainties and factors, including the risk factors described in Part I, Item 1A - "Risk Factors" of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013 and as updated by our subsequent filings with the SEC under the Exchange Act, could cause our actual results to differ materially from those projected in any forward-looking statements we make. All forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which they are made. New risks and uncertainties arise over time and it is not possible to predict those events or how they may affect us. Except as required by law, we are not obligated to, and do not intend to, update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

Defined Terms

In this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q we refer to New York Mortgage Trust, Inc., together with its consolidated subsidiaries, as "we," "us," "Company," or "our," unless we specifically state otherwise or the context indicates otherwise. We refer to our wholly-owned taxable REIT subsidiaries as "TRSs" and our wholly-owned qualified REIT subsidiaries as "QRSs." In addition, the following defines certain of the commonly used terms in this report: "RMBS" refers to residential mortgage-backed securities comprised of adjustable-rate, hybrid adjustable-rate, fixed-rate, interest only and inverse interest only, and principal only securities; "Agency RMBS" refers to RMBS representing interests in or obligations backed by pools of mortgage loans issued or guaranteed by a federally chartered corporation ("GSE"), such as the Federal National Mortgage Association ("Fannie Mae") or the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation ("Freddie Mac"), or an agency of the U.S. government, such as the Government National Mortgage Association ("Ginnie Mae"); "Agency ARMs" refers to Agency RMBS comprised of adjustable-rate and hybrid adjustable-rate RMBS; "non-Agency RMBS" refers to RMBS backed by prime jumbo and Alternative A-paper ("Alt-A") mortgage loans; "IOs" refers collectively to interest only and inverse interest only mortgage-backed securities that represent the right to the interest component of the cash flow from a pool of mortgage loans; "Agency IOs" refers to IOs that represent the right to the interest components of the cash flow from a pool of mortgage loans issued or guaranteed by a GSE or an agency of the U.S. government; "POs" refers to mortgage-backed securities that represent the right to the principal component of the cash flow from a pool of mortgage loans; "ARMs" refers to adjustable-rate residential mortgage loans; "prime ARM loans"and "residential securitized loans"each refer to prime credit quality residential ARM loans ("prime ARM loans") held in securitization trusts; "distressed residential loans" refers to pools of performing and re-performing, fixed-rate and adjustable-rate, fully amortizing, interest-only and balloon, seasoned mortgage loans secured by first liens on one- to four-family properties; "CMBS" refers to commercial mortgage-backed securities comprised of commercial mortgage pass-through securities, as well as IO or PO securities that represent the right to a specific component of the cash flow from a pool of commercial mortgage loans; and "CLO" refers to collateralized loan obligations.


We are a REIT, for federal income tax purposes, in the business of acquiring, investing in, financing and managing primarily mortgage-related assets and financial assets. Our objective is to manage a portfolio of investments that will deliver stable distributions to our stockholders over diverse economic conditions. We intend to achieve this objective through a combination of net interest margin and net realized capital gains from our investment portfolio. Our portfolio includes certain credit sensitive assets and investments sourced from distressed markets in recent years that create the potential for capital gains, as well as more traditional types of mortgage-related investments that generate interest income.

We have endeavored to build in recent years a diversified investment portfolio that includes elements of interest rate and credit risk, as we believe a portfolio diversified among interest rate and credit risks are best suited to delivering stable cash flows over various economic cycles. Under our investment strategy, our targeted assets currently include multi-family CMBS, mezzanine loans to and preferred equity investments in owners of multi-family properties, residential mortgage loans, including loans sourced from distressed markets, and Agency RMBS. Subject to maintaining our qualification as a REIT, we also may opportunistically acquire and manage various other types of mortgage-related and financial assets that we believe will compensate us appropriately for the risks associated with them, including, without limitation, non-Agency RMBS (which may include IOs and POs), collateralized mortgage obligations and securities issued by newly originated residential securitizations, including credit sensitive securities from these securitizations.

We strive to maintain and achieve a balanced and diverse funding mix to finance our assets and operations. To this end, we rely primarily on a combination of short-term borrowings, such as repurchase agreements with terms typically of 30 days, and longer term structured financings, such as securitization and re-securitization transactions, with terms longer than one year.

We internally manage a certain portion of our portfolio, including Agency ARMs, fixed-rate Agency RMBS, non-Agency RMBS, CLOs and certain residential mortgage loans held in securitization trusts. In addition, as part of our investment strategy, we also contract with certain external investment managers to manage specific asset types targeted by us. We are a party to separate investment management agreements with Headlands, Midway and RiverBanc, with Headlands providing investment management services with respect to our investments in certain distressed residential mortgage loans, Midway providing investment management services with respect to our investments in Agency IOs, and RiverBanc providing investment management services with respect to our investments in multi-family CMBS and certain commercial real estate-related debt investments.

Key Second Quarter 2014 Developments

Public Offering of Common Stock

On April 7, 2014, we closed on the issuance of 14,950,000 shares of common stock to the underwriters (including the 1,950,000 shares issuable pursuant to the option granted to the underwriters), resulting in net proceeds to the Company of approximately $109.9 million, after deducting estimated offering expenses.

Second Quarter 2014 Common Stock and Preferred Stock Dividends

On June 18, 2014, our Board of Directors declared a regular quarterly cash dividend of $0.27 per common share for the quarter ended June 30, 2014. The dividend was paid on July 25, 2014 to our common stockholders of record as of June 30, 2014.

Also, in accordance with the terms of our Series B Preferred Stock on June 18, 2014, our Board of Directors declared a Series B Preferred Stock quarterly cash dividend of $0.484375 per share of Series B Preferred Stock. The dividend was paid on July 15, 2014 to our preferred stockholders of record as of July 1, 2014.

Current Market Conditions and Commentary

General. The U.S. economy performed below the expectations of the U.S. Federal Reserve, or Federal Reserve, during the first half of 2014 posting a decline of 2.1% (revised) in U.S. real gross domestic product ("GDP") in the first quarter of 2014, largely driven by the severe winter weather impacting much of the country in January and February and by lower exports, and an increase of 4.0% (preliminary) in GDP during the second quarter of 2014. This compares to growth of 4.1% and 2.6% in the third and fourth quarters of 2013, respectively, and the Federal Reserve's prediction in early 2014 of 3% or greater GDP growth for full year 2014. In light of the slower than expected economic growth during the first half of 2014, in June 2014, Federal Reserve policymakers revised downward their March 2014 GDP growth projections for 2014, with the central tendency projections for GDP growth ranging from 2.1% to 2.3% for 2014 (down from 2.8% to 3.0% in March 2014) while maintaining their GDP growth projections for 2015 of 3.0% to 3.2%.

Meanwhile, a number of other economic indicators during the second quarter of 2014 suggest an economy that is building momentum. According to the U.S. Department of Labor, the U.S. unemployment rate at the end of June 2014 declined to 6.1%, down from an unemployment rate of 6.7% as of the end of March 2014, while total nonfarm payroll employment posted an estimated average monthly increase of approximately 272,000 jobs during the second quarter of 2014 as compared to an average monthly increase of 178,000 jobs during the first quarter of 2014 and 194,000 jobs during the year ended December 31, 2013. The lower average monthly employment growth numbers for the first quarter of 2014 were significantly impacted by the jobs number in January 2014, which recorded just 144,000 new jobs. The Conference Board's Consumer Confidence Index for July also suggests that the outlook for the economy may be improving as well, with consumer confidence higher for the third straight month in July 2014 and now at its highest level since October 2007.

Federal Reserve and Monetary Policy. Since commencing reductions in its purchases under QE3 of (i) longer-term U.S. Treasury securities and (ii) Agency RMBS, the Federal Reserve has maintained its previously announced pace for reducing purchases under its asset purchase program. Beginning in August 2014, the pace of the Federal Reserve's purchases of longer-term U.S. Treasury securities and Agency RMBS was reduced to $15 billion and $10 billion per month, respectively, with further reductions of $10 billion per month. According to the minutes from the Federal Reserve Open Market Committee's June 2014 meeting, the Federal Reserve expects to end its asset purchases under QE3 in October 2014.

In July 2014, the Federal Reserve maintained its intent to keep the target range for the federal funds rate between 0% and 0.25% and indicated that in determining how long to maintain the current target range, the Federal Reserve will assess progress, both realized and expected, towards its objectives of maximum employment and 2% inflation.

Single-Family Homes and Residential Mortgage Market. The residential real estate market has continued to decelerate in the first four months of 2014, as evidenced by the 0.2% rise in the S&P/Case-Shiller index of home prices in 20 major cities in April, down from 1.2% in March 2014. Over the last year (April 2014 versus April 2013), prices have risen 10.8%, compared with a 13.2% gain in January 2014. In addition, according to data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, privately-owned housing starts for single family homes averaged a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 618,700 during the second quarter of 2014, as compared to 605,300 during the first quarter of 2014 and 617,600 in the year ended December 31, 2013. We expect the single-family residential real estate market to continue to improve modestly in the near term, but believe that the run up in home prices over the past couple of years, the hesitancy of first-time home buyers to enter the market and the continued difficulty that many borrowers face in trying to obtain mortgage financing will contribute to slowing housing gains for single family homes over the balance of 2014.

Multi-family Housing. Apartments and other residential rental properties remain one of the better performing segments of the commercial real estate market. According to data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, starts on multi-family homes containing five units or more averaged a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 351,300 during the second quarter of 2014, as compared to 305,300 during the first quarter of 2014 and 293,700 in the year ended December 31, 2013. Strength in the multi-family housing sector has contributed to valuation improvements for multi-family properties and, in turn, many of the multi-family CMBS that we own.

Credit Spreads. Credit spreads in the residential and commercial markets have generally continued to tighten further during the second quarter of 2014, continuing a trend exhibited during a significant part of 2012, 2013 and the first quarter of 2014. Typically when credit spreads widen, credit-sensitive assets such as CLOs, multi-family CMBS, distressed residential loans, as well as Agency IOs, are negatively impacted, while tightening credit spreads typically have a positive impact on the value of such assets.

Comparable to the first quarter of 2014, asset gathering in the second quarter of 2014 has proven to be challenging. In our view, further tightening of credit spreads has largely resulted from the continued pursuit of credit sensitive assets by a significant amount of investable capital, thereby placing upward pressure on the pricing of the credit sensitive assets that we currently target. Although this trend has had a positive impact on the value of many of the credit sensitive assets in our existing portfolio, which in turn has helped to move our book value per common share higher, it has resulted in a more challenging current return environment for new investment in these asset classes, particularly for new multi-family CMBS product and distressed residential loans. Given this challenging current return environment, we expect to remain selective and opportunistic as we source new credit sensitive product in the second half of 2014, but remain focused in the near term on allocating greater capital to credit sensitive assets that rely on asset selection rather than leverage to generate our targeted returns.

Financing markets and liquidity. In light of the slower than expected economic growth during the first half of 2014, the markets have effectively repriced the long-end of the yield curve, with the yield of the ten-year U.S. Treasury Note declining by 51 basis points since December 31, 2013 to 2.52% at June 30, 2014, while short-term interest rates have held steady for the most part during the first half of 2014. The 30-day London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR") was 0.15% at June 30, 2014, marking a decrease of approximately 1 basis point from December 31, 2013.

Developments at Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. Payments on the Agency ARMs and fixed-rate Agency RMBS in which we invest are guaranteed by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. In addition, although not guaranteed by Freddie Mac, all of our multi-family CMBS has been issued by securitization vehicles sponsored by Freddie Mac. As broadly publicized, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are presently under federal conservatorship as the U.S. Government continues to evaluate the future of these entities and what role the U.S. Government should continue to play in the housing markets in the future. Since being placed under federal conservatorship, there have been a number of proposals introduced, both from industry groups and by the U.S. Congress, relating to changing the role of the U.S. government in the mortgage market and reforming or eliminating Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. One of the proposed bills that has received serious consideration is the Housing Finance Reform and Taxpayer Protection Act of 2013, also known as the Corker-Warner Bill, which was introduced in the U.S. Senate. This legislation, among other things, would eliminate Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae and replace them with a new agency which would provide a financial guarantee that would only be tapped after private institutions and investors stepped in. During the second quarter of 2014, the proposed legislation failed to secure enough support to make it out of the Senate Banking Committee for a full vote. It remains unclear how the U.S. Congress will move forward on GSE reform at this time and what impact, if any, GSE reform will have on mortgage REITs.

Significant Estimates and Critical Accounting Policies

A summary of our critical accounting policies is included in Item 8 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013 and "Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies" to the condensed consolidated financial statements included therein.

Revenue Recognition. Interest income on our investment securities available for sale and on our mortgage loans is accrued based on the outstanding principal balance and their contractual terms. Premiums and discounts associated with investment securities and mortgage loans at the time of purchase or origination are amortized into interest income over the life of such securities using the effective yield method. Adjustments to premium amortization are made for actual prepayment activity.

Interest income on our credit sensitive securities, such as our non-Agency RMBS and certain of our CMBS that were purchased at a discount to par value, is recognized based on the security's effective interest rate. The effective interest rate on these securities is based on management's estimate from each security of the projected cash flows, which are estimated based on the Company's assumptions related to fluctuations in interest rates, prepayment speeds and the timing and amount of credit losses. On at least a quarterly basis, the Company reviews and, if appropriate, makes adjustments to its cash flow projections based on input and analysis received from external sources, internal models, and its judgment about interest rates, prepayment rates, the timing and amount of credit losses, and other factors. Changes in cash flows from those originally projected, or from those estimated at the last evaluation, may result in a prospective change in the yield/interest income recognized on these securities.

Based on the projected cash flows from the Company's first loss principal only CMBS purchased at a discount to par value, a portion of the purchase discount is designated as non-accretable purchase discount or credit reserve, which partially mitigates the Company's risk of loss on the mortgages collateralizing such CMBS, and is not expected to be accreted into interest income. The amount designated as a credit reserve may be adjusted over time, based on the actual performance of the security, its underlying collateral, actual and projected cash flow from such collateral, economic conditions and other factors. If the performance of a security with a credit reserve is more favorable than forecasted, a portion of the amount designated as credit reserve may be accreted into interest income over time. Conversely, if the performance of a security with a credit reserve is less favorable than forecasted, the amount designated as credit reserve may be increased, or impairment charges and write-downs of such securities to a new cost basis could result.

With respect to interest rate swaps that have not been designated as hedges, any net payments under, or fluctuations in the fair value of, such swaps will be recognized in current earnings.

Fair value. The Company has established and documented processes for determining fair values. Fair value is based upon quoted market prices, where available. If listed prices or quotes are not available, then fair value is based upon internally developed models that primarily use inputs that are market-based or independently-sourced market parameters, including interest rate yield curves. Such inputs to the valuation methodology are unobservable and significant to the fair value measurement. The Company's CMBS IOs, CMBS POs, multi-family loans held in securitization trusts and multi-family CDOs are considered to be the most significant of its fair value estimates.

The Company's valuation methodologies are described in "Note 13 - Fair Value of Financial Instruments" included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

Residential Mortgage Loans Held in Securitization Trusts - Impaired Loans (net). Impaired residential mortgage loans held in the securitization trusts are recorded at amortized cost less specific loan loss reserves. Impaired loan value is based on management's estimate of the net realizable value taking into consideration local market conditions of the distressed property, updated appraisal values of the property and estimated expenses required to remediate the impaired loan.

Variable Interest Entities - An entity that lacks one or more of the characteristics of a voting interest entity. A VIE is defined as an entity in which equity investors do not have the characteristics of a controlling financial interest or do not have sufficient equity at risk for the entity to finance its activities without additional subordinated financial support from other parties. The Company consolidates a VIE when it is the primary beneficiary of such VIE. As primary beneficiary, it has both the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact the economic performance of the VIE and a right to receive benefits or absorb losses of the entity that could be potentially significant to the VIE. The Company is required to reconsider its evaluation of whether to consolidate a VIE each reporting period, based upon changes in the facts and circumstances pertaining to the VIE.

Loan Consolidation Reporting Requirement for Certain Multi-Family K-Series Securitizations. As of June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, we owned 100% of the first loss tranche of securities of the "Consolidated K-Series". The Consolidated K-Series collectively represents six separate Freddie Mac sponsored multi-family loan K-Series securitizations, of which we, or one of our special purpose entities, or SPEs, own the first loss PO securities and certain IO securities. We determined that the Consolidated K-Series were VIEs and that we are the primary beneficiary of the Consolidated K-Series. As a result, we are required to consolidate the Consolidated K-Series' underlying multi-family loans including their liabilities, income and expenses in our consolidated financial statements. We have elected the fair value option on the assets and liabilities held within the Consolidated K-Series, which requires that changes in valuations in the assets and liabilities of the Consolidated K-Series will be reflected in our consolidated statement of operations.

Fair Value Option - The fair value option provides an election that allows companies to irrevocably elect fair value for financial assets and liabilities on an instrument-by-instrument basis at initial recognition. Changes in fair value for assets and liabilities for which the election is made will be recognized in earnings as they occur. The Company elected the fair value option for its Agency IO strategy and the Consolidated K-Series (as defined in Note 2 to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included in this report).

Acquired Distressed Residential Mortgage Loans - Acquired distressed residential mortgage loans that have evidence of deteriorated credit quality at acquisition are accounted for under ASC Subtopic 310-30. Under ASC 310-30, the acquired loans may be accounted for individually or aggregated and accounted for as a pool of loans if the loans being aggregated have common risk characteristics. A pool is accounted for as a single asset with a single composite interest rate and an aggregate expectation of cash flows. Once a pool is assembled, it is treated as if it was one loan for purposes of applying the accounting guidance.

Under ASC 310-30, the excess of cash flows expected to be collected over the carrying amount of the loans, referred to as the "accretable yield," is accreted into interest income over the life of the loans in each pool or individually using a level yield methodology. Accordingly, our acquired distressed residential mortgage loans accounted for under ASC 310-30 are not subject to classification as nonaccrual classification in the same manner as our residential mortgage loans that were not distressed when acquired by us. Rather, interest income on acquired distressed residential mortgage loans relates to the accretable yield recognized at the pool level or on an individual loan basis, and not to contractual interest payments received at the loan level. The difference between contractually required principal and interest payments and the cash flows expected to be collected, referred to as the "non-accretable difference," includes estimates of both the impact of prepayments and expected credit losses over the life of the individual loan, or the pool (for loans grouped into a pool).

The Company monitors actual cash collections against its expectations, and revised cash flow expectations are prepared as necessary. A decrease in expected cash flows in subsequent periods may indicate that the loan pool or individual loan, as applicable, is impaired thus requiring the establishment of an allowance for loan losses by a charge to the provision for loan losses. An increase in expected cash flows in subsequent periods initially reduces any previously established allowance for loan losses by the increase in the present value of cash flows expected to be collected, and results in a recalculation of . . .

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