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PENN > SEC Filings for PENN > Form 10-Q on 1-Aug-2014All Recent SEC Filings

Show all filings for PENN NATIONAL GAMING INC

Form 10-Q for PENN NATIONAL GAMING INC


1-Aug-2014

Quarterly Report


ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

During the time between the issuance of our second quarter 2014 earnings release and the finalization of results for the second quarter 2014 Form 10-Q, the Company identified an adjustment was necessary to decrease its income tax provision resulting in the recognition of a $1.4 million increase in net income for the three and six months ending June 30, 2014. As such, our Net Income and Income Tax Provision for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 are $4.2 million and $8.7 million and $8.7 million and $15.6 million, respectively, compared to $2.8 million and $10.1 million and $7.3 million and $17.0 million, respectively, as presented in the earnings release and corresponding Form 8-K provided on July 24, 2014. In addition, basic and diluted EPS for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 changed from $0.03 and $0.08 to $0.05 and $0.10, respectively.

Our Operations

We are a leading, diversified, multi-jurisdictional owner and manager of gaming and pari-mutuel properties. As of June 30, 2014, we owned, managed, or had ownership interests in twenty-seven facilities in the following eighteen jurisdictions: Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Texas, West Virginia, and Ontario. We believe that our portfolio of assets provides us with geographically diversified cash flow from operations. On July 30, 2014, the Company closed its facility in Sioux City, Iowa.

We have made significant acquisitions in the past, and expect to continue to pursue additional acquisition and development opportunities in the future. In 1997, we began our transition from a pari-mutuel company to a diversified gaming company with the acquisition of the Charles Town property and the introduction of video lottery terminals in West Virginia. Since 1997, we have continued to expand our gaming operations through strategic acquisitions, greenfield projects, and property expansions. We are in the process of constructing two facilities in Dayton and Austintown, Ohio that will feature approximately 1,000 and 850 video lottery terminals, respectively, as well as various restaurants, bars, and other amenities. We expect to open these facilities in the third quarter of 2014. In addition, we are in the process of constructing an integrated racing and gaming facility in Plainville, Massachusetts, which we expect to open in June 2015, as well as the Jamul development project, which the Company anticipates completing in mid-2016.

The vast majority of our revenue is gaming revenue, derived primarily from gaming on slot machines (which represented approximately 83% and 84% of our gaming revenue in 2013 and 2012, respectively) and to a lesser extent, table games, which is highly dependent upon the volume and spending levels of customers at our properties. Other revenues are derived from our management service fee from Casino Rama, our transition service fees from GLPI, our hotel, dining, retail, admissions, program sales, concessions and certain other ancillary activities, and our racing operations. Our racing revenue includes our share of pari-mutuel wagering on live races after payment of amounts returned as winning wagers, our share of wagering from import and export simulcasting, and our share of wagering from our off-track wagering facilities.

Key performance indicators related to gaming revenue are slot handle and table game drop (volume indicators) and "win" or "hold" percentage. Our typical property slot hold percentage is in the range of 6% to 10% of slot handle, and our typical table game win percentage is in the range of 12% to 25% of table game drop.

Slot handle is the gross amount wagered for the period cited. The win or hold percentage is the net amount of gaming wins and losses, with liabilities recognized for accruals related to the anticipated payout of progressive jackpots. Our slot hold percentages have consistently been in the 6% to 10% range over the past several years. Given the stability in our slot hold percentages, we have not experienced significant impacts to earnings from changes in these percentages.

For table games, customers usually purchase cash chips at the gaming tables. The cash and markers (extensions of credit granted to certain credit worthy customers) are deposited in the gaming table's drop box. Table game win is the amount of drop that is retained and recorded as casino gaming revenue, with liabilities recognized for funds deposited by customers before gaming play occurs and for unredeemed gaming chips. As we are focused on regional gaming markets, our table win percentages are fairly stable as the majority of these markets do not regularly experience high-end play, which can lead to volatility in win percentages. Therefore, changes in table game win percentages do not typically have a material impact to our earnings.

Our properties generate significant operating cash flow, since most of our revenue is cash-based from slot machines, table games, and pari-mutuel wagering. Our business is capital intensive, and we rely on cash flow from our properties to generate operating cash to pay rent to GLPI under the Master Lease, repay debt, fund capital maintenance expenditures, fund new capital projects at existing properties and provide excess cash for future development and acquisitions.

We continue to expand our gaming operations through the implementation and execution of a disciplined capital expenditure program at our existing properties, the pursuit of strategic acquisitions and the development of new gaming properties, particularly in


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attractive regional markets. Current capital projects are ongoing at several of our properties. Additional information regarding our capital projects is discussed in detail in the section entitled "Liquidity and Capital Resources-Capital Expenditures" below.

Spin-Off of Real Estate Assets through a Real Estate Investment Trust

On November 1, 2013, we completed our plan to separate our gaming operating assets from our real property assets by creating a newly formed, publicly traded REIT, known as GLPI, through a tax free Spin-Off. Penn effected the Spin-Off by distributing one share of common stock of GLPI to the holders of Penn common stock and Series C Preferred Stock for every share of Penn common stock and every 1/1000th of a share of Series C Preferred Stock that they held at the close of business on October 16, 2013, the record date for the Spin-Off. In addition, through a series of internal corporate restructurings, Penn contributed to GLPI substantially all of the assets and liabilities associated with Penn's real property interests and real estate development business, as well as all of the assets and liabilities of Hollywood Casino Baton Rouge and Hollywood Casino Perryville, which are referred to as the "TRS Properties." As a result of the Spin-Off, GLPI owns substantially all of Penn's former real property assets and leases back those assets (other than the TRS Properties) to Penn for use by its subsidiaries, under a "triple net" Master Lease (which has a 15-year initial term that can be extended at Penn's option for up to four five-year renewal terms), as well as owns and operates the TRS Properties. Penn continues to operate the leased gaming facilities and hold the associated gaming licenses with these facilities.

Segment Information

The Company's Chief Executive Officer, who is the Company's Chief Operating Decision Maker as that term is defined in ASC 280, measures and assesses the Company's business performance based on regional operations of various properties grouped together based primarily on their geographic locations. In January 2014, the Company named Jay Snowden as its Chief Operating Officer and the Company decided in connection with this announcement to re-align its reporting structure. Starting in January 2014, the Company's reportable segments are: (i) East/Midwest, (ii) West, and (iii) Southern Plains. The prior year amounts were reclassified to conform to the Company's new reporting structure in accordance with ASC 280.

The East/Midwest reportable segment consists of the following properties:
Hollywood Casino at Charles Town Races, Hollywood Casino Bangor, Hollywood Casino at Penn National Race Course, Hollywood Casino Lawrenceburg, Hollywood Casino Toledo and Hollywood Casino Columbus. It also includes the Company's Casino Rama management service contract and the Mahoning Valley and Dayton Raceway projects in Ohio, which the Company anticipates completing in the third quarter of 2014, as well as the Plainville project in Massachusetts, which we expect to open in June 2015. It also previously included Hollywood Casino Perryville, which was contributed to GLPI on November 1, 2013.

The West reportable segment consists of the following properties: Zia Park Casino and the M Resort, as well as the Jamul development project, which we anticipate completing in mid 2016.

The Southern Plains reportable segment consists of the following properties:
Hollywood Casino Aurora, Hollywood Casino Joliet, Argosy Casino Alton, Argosy Casino Riverside, Argosy Casino Sioux City, Hollywood Casino Tunica, Hollywood Casino Bay St. Louis, Boomtown Biloxi, and Hollywood Casino St. Louis, and includes our 50% investment in Kansas Entertainment, which owns the Hollywood Casino at Kansas Speedway. It also previously included Hollywood Casino Baton Rouge, which was contributed to GLPI on November 1, 2013.

The Other category consists of the Company's standalone racing operations, namely Beulah Park, Raceway Park, Rosecroft Raceway, Sanford-Orlando Kennel Club, and the Company's joint venture interests in Sam Houston Race Park, Valley Race Park, Freehold Raceway, as well as the Company's 50% joint venture with the Cordish Companies in New York. It also previously included the Company's Bullwhackers property which was sold in July 2013. If the Company is successful in obtaining gaming operations at these locations, they would be assigned to one of the Company's reportable segments. The Other category also includes the Company's corporate overhead operations which does not meet the definition of an operating segment under ASC 280.

Executive Summary

Continued sluggish economic conditions and the expansion of newly constructed gaming facilities continue to impact the overall domestic gaming industry as well as our operating results. We believe that current economic conditions, including, but not limited to, a weak economic recovery, low levels of consumer confidence, and higher taxes paid by individuals, have resulted in reduced levels of discretionary consumer spending compared to historical levels. Additionally, the expansion of newly constructed gaming facilities has substantially increased competition in many of our regional markets (including some of our larger facilities).

We operate a geographically diversified portfolio comprised largely of new and well maintained regional gaming facilities. This has allowed us to develop what we believe to be a solid base for future growth opportunities. We have also made investments in


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joint ventures that we believe may allow us to capitalize on additional gaming opportunities in certain states if legislation or referenda are passed that permit and/or expand gaming in these jurisdictions and we are selected as a licensee.

Financial Highlights:

We reported net revenues and income from operations of $652.1 million and $23.4 million, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2014, compared to $761.4 million and $46.9 million, respectively, for the corresponding period in the prior year and net revenues and income from operations of $1,293.2 million and $41.4 million, respectively, for the six months ended June 30, 2014 compared to $1,559.6 million and $180.2 million, respectively for the corresponding period in the prior year. The major factors affecting our results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, as compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2013, were:

Rental expense for real property assets leased from GLPI of $104.6 million and $208.9 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, respectively.

A pre-tax impairment charge of $4.6 million for Hollywood Casino Lawrenceburg in our East/Midwest segment during the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, as compared to a pre-tax goodwill and other intangible asset impairment charge of $71.8 million for Argosy Casino Sioux City in our Southern Plains segment during the three and six months ended June 30, 2013.

New competition in our East/Midwest segment for Hollywood Casino Lawrenceburg, namely the March 4, 2013 opening of Horseshoe Casino in Cincinnati, Ohio, as well as the openings of a racino at Lebanon Raceway in mid-December 2013 and a racino at Belterra Park on May 1, 2014.

The continued impact of the opening of a casino complex at the Arundel Mills mall in Maryland in 2012, which added table games in April 2013 and a 52 table poker room in late August 2013, which has negatively impacted Hollywood Casino at Charles Town Races in our East/Midwest segment.

Contribution of Hollywood Casino Perryville and Hollywood Casino Baton Rouge to GLPI on November 1, 2013.

A pre-tax insurance loss of $2.5 million at Hollywood Casino St. Louis during the three and six months ended June 30, 2013.

Lower general and administrative expenses for Other of $13.8 million and $27.1 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, respectively, compared to the corresponding period in the prior year, primarily due to lower liability based stock compensation charges of $1.9 million and $5.9 million and lower stock-based compensation costs of $2.9 million and $6.6 million primarily due to lower aggregate executive compensation following the Spin-Off to GLPI, lower Spin-Off transaction costs and development costs of $4.3 million and $7.8 million, lower lobbying costs of $1.3 million and $1.8 million, and a reduction in various other items due to cost containment measures, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, as compared to the corresponding period in the prior year.

Depreciation and amortization expense decreased by $33.4 million and $63.1 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, respectively, as compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2013, primarily due to the contribution of real estate assets to GLPI on November 1, 2013.

Net income increased by $16.4 million and decreased by $44.4 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, respectively, as compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2013, primarily due to the variances explained above, as well as decreased interest expense primarily due to our lower levels of indebtedness subsequent to the Spin-Off, and decreased income taxes.

Segment Developments:

The following are recent developments that have had or will have an impact on us by segment:

East/Midwest

In June 2012, we announced that we had filed applications with the Ohio Lottery Commission for Video Lottery Sales Agent Licenses for our Ohio racetracks, and with the Ohio State Racing Commission for permission to relocate the racetracks. The new Austintown facility, which will be a thoroughbred track and feature approximately 850 video lottery terminals, will be located on 193 acres in Austintown's Centrepointe Business Park near the intersection of Interstate 80 and Ohio Route 46. The Dayton


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facility, which will be a standardbred track and feature approximately 1,000 video lottery terminals, will be located on 119 acres on the site of an abandoned Delphi Automotive plant near Wagner Ford and Needmore roads in North Dayton. On May 1, 2013, the Company received approval from the Ohio Racing Commission for our relocation plans for each new racetrack and video lottery terminal facility and expects to open both in the third quarter of 2014. The opening of our Dayton facility may have an adverse impact on our Hollywood Casino Columbus facility. See the section entitled "Liquidity and Capital Resources-Capital Expenditures" below for further details.

On October 21, 2011, the Ohio Roundtable filed a complaint in the Court of Common Pleas in Franklin County, Ohio against a number of defendants, including the Governor, the Ohio Lottery Commission and the Ohio Casino Control Commission. The complaint alleges a variety of substantive and procedural defects relative to the approval and implementation of video lottery terminals as well as several counts dealing with the taxation of standalone casinos. As intervenors, we, along with the other two casinos in Ohio, filed motions for judgment on the pleadings to supplement the position of the Racing Commission. In May 2012, the complaint was dismissed, and in March 2013, the Ohio appeals court upheld the ruling. On April 30, 2013, plaintiffs requested the Ohio Supreme Court to hear an appeal of the decision, and the Ohio Supreme Court elected to accept the appeal; however, the court has stayed the appeal until it first rules in another matter with related issues. Oral arguments in the other matter were heard on November 6, 2013, and on June 10, 2014, the Ohio Supreme Court ruled the plaintiff in the pending matter lacked standing. As a result, we requested the court dismiss the current appeal as moot. In addition, the Ohio Racing Commission's decision to permit Raceway Park to relocate its Toledo racetrack to Dayton was challenged in the Franklin County Court of Common Pleas by Lebanon Trotting Club, Inc., the prior owner of a neighboring racetrack. The Ohio Racing Commission and Raceway Park filed briefs requesting the Franklin County Court to uphold the Ohio Racing Commission's decision. In July 2014, the lawsuit was dismissed by the court. It is currently unknown if Lebanon Trotting Club, Inc will take further action.

On March 4, 2013, the Horseshoe Casino in Cincinnati, Ohio opened, which has had and will continue to have a negative impact on Hollywood Casino Lawrenceburg's financial results. Additionally, a racino at Lebanon Raceway opened in mid-December 2013, which has had and will continue to have an adverse impact on Hollywood Casino Lawrenceburg and Hollywood Casino Columbus. Furthermore, a racino at Belterra Park opened on May 1, 2014, which has had and will continue to have an adverse impact on Hollywood Casino Lawrenceburg.

Hollywood Casino at Charles Town Races faced increased competition and their results have been negatively impacted by the opening of a casino complex, Maryland Live!, at the Arundel Mills mall in Anne Arundel, Maryland. The casino opened on June 6, 2012 with approximately 3,200 slot machines and significantly increased its slot machine offerings by mid-September 2012 to approximately 4,750 slot machines. In addition, the Anne Arundel facility opened table games on April 11, 2013 and opened a 52 table poker room in late August 2013. Additionally, the anticipated August 26, 2014 opening of a $400 million casino in Baltimore City County, Maryland will also negatively impact our operations at Charles Town and, to a lesser extent, Hollywood Casino at Penn National Race Course.

On February 28, 2014, the Massachusetts Gaming Commission awarded the Company a Category Two slots-only gaming license for its planned $225 million (including licensing fees) Plainridge Park Casino in Plainville, Massachusetts. On March 14, 2014, the Company broke ground on the 106,000 square foot facility, which will feature live harness racing and simulcasting, along with 1,250 slot machines, various dining options, structured and surface parking, a 26,000 square foot grandstand, and a 13,000 square foot clubhouse. In June 2014, the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court ruled to permit a referendum to repeal the enabling legislation in Massachusetts to be included in the November 2014 general election ballot. The Company intends to campaign against the referendum that would repeal the gaming legislation in Massachusetts and continue construction on Plainridge Park Casino, which is expected to open in June 2015. See Item 1A "Risk Factors."

Through CHC Casinos Canada Limited ("CHC Casinos"), our indirectly wholly-owned subsidiary, we manage Casino Rama, a full service gaming and entertainment facility, on behalf of the Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation. The Development and Operating Agreement (the "Agreement"), which we refer to as the management service contract for Casino Rama, sets out the duties, rights and obligations of CHC Casinos and our indirectly wholly-owned subsidiary, CRC Holdings, Inc. In June 2014, we signed an agreement to extend the Casino Rama Agreement, which was to expire on September 30, 2014, on a month-to-month basis with a 60-day notice period for up to a maximum period of forty-eight months.

West

On April 5, 2013, we announced that, subject to final National Indian Gaming Commission approval, we and the Jamul Indian Village (the "Jamul Tribe") had entered into definitive agreements (including management, development, branding and lending arrangements), to jointly develop a Hollywood Casino-branded casino and resort on the Jamul Tribe's trust land in San Diego County, California. The proposed facility is located approximately 20 miles east of downtown San Diego. The proposed $360 million development project will include a three-story gaming and entertainment facility of approximately 200,000 square


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feet featuring over 1,700 slot machines, 50 live table games, including poker, multiple restaurants, bars and lounges and a partially enclosed parking structure with over 1,900 spaces. In mid-January 2014, we announced the commencement of construction activities at the site and it is anticipated that the facility will open in mid-2016. We may, under certain circumstances, provide backstop financing to the Jamul Tribe in connection with the project and, upon opening, we will manage and provide branding for the casino and resort.

Southern Plains

As discussed in Note 8 to the condensed consolidated financial statements, the IRGC ruled on April 17, 2014 that Argosy Casino Sioux City must cease operations by July 1, 2014. In response, the Company filed a petition for judicial review to vacate or reverse the IRGC's April 17, 2014 order. This petition was dismissed by the court; however, on July 18, 2014, the Iowa Supreme Court granted a motion for an emergency stay until the Iowa Supreme Court considers whether to hear the appeal of the court's decision to dismiss the petition. On July 25, 2014, the Iowa Supreme Court denied the request to hear the appeal. Therefore, on July 30, 2014, Argosy Casino Sioux City ceased its operations.

Critical Accounting Estimates

We make certain judgments and use certain estimates and assumptions when applying accounting principles in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements. The nature of the estimates and assumptions are material due to the levels of subjectivity and judgment necessary to account for highly uncertain factors or the susceptibility of such factors to change. We have identified the accounting for long-lived assets, goodwill and other intangible assets, income taxes and litigation, claims and assessments as critical accounting estimates, as they are the most important to our financial statement presentation and require difficult, subjective and complex judgments.

We believe the current assumptions and other considerations used to estimate amounts reflected in our consolidated financial statements are appropriate. However, if actual experience differs from the assumptions and other considerations used in estimating amounts reflected in our consolidated financial statements, the resulting changes could have a material adverse effect on our consolidated results of operations and, in certain situations, could have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial condition.

For further information on our critical accounting estimates, see Item 7. "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and the notes to our audited consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013. There has been no material change to these estimates for the six months ended June 30, 2014.

Results of Operations

The following are the most important factors and trends that contribute to our operating performance:

The fact that most of our properties operate in mature competitive markets. As a result, we expect a majority of our future growth to come from prudent acquisitions of gaming properties (such as our November 2, 2012 acquisition of Harrah's St. Louis gaming and lodging facility from Caesars Entertainment), jurisdictional expansions (such as our planned second quarter 2015 opening of a slots-only gaming facility in Massachusetts, the May 2012 opening of Hollywood Casino Toledo, the October 2012 opening of Hollywood Casino Columbus, and the opening of video lottery terminal facilities at two racetracks in Ohio which are expected to commence operations in the third quarter of 2014), expansions of gaming in existing jurisdictions (such as the introduction of table games in July 2010 at Hollywood Casino at Charles Town Races and Hollywood Casino at Penn National Race Course, and at Hollywood Casino Bangor in March 2012) and expansions/improvements of existing properties (such as a hotel at Zia Park expected to open on August 28, 2014).

The fact that a number of states (such as New York) are currently considering or implementing legislation to legalize or expand gaming. Such legislation presents both potential opportunities to establish new properties (for example, in Massachusetts, where we were awarded the slots-only gaming license on February 28, 2014, in Kansas, where we opened a casino through a joint venture in February 2012, and in Ohio, where we opened casinos in Toledo and Columbus in May 2012 and October 2012, respectively, and are opening video lottery terminal facilities at two racetracks in Dayton and Austintown that are expected to commence operations in the third quarter of 2014) and increased competitive threats to business at our existing properties (such as the introduction/expansion of commercial casinos in Kansas, Maryland, Ohio, and potentially Kentucky, Nebraska and Illinois, and the introduction of tavern licenses in several states, most significantly in Illinois).


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The actions of government bodies can affect our operations in a variety of ways. For instance, the continued pressure on governments to balance their budgets could intensify the efforts of state and local governments to raise revenues through increases in gaming taxes and/or property taxes, or via an expansion of gaming. In addition, government bodies may restrict, prevent or negatively impact operations in the jurisdictions in which we do business (such as the implementation of smoking bans).

The continued demand for, and our emphasis on, slot wagering entertainment at our properties.

The successful execution of the development and construction activities currently underway at a number of our facilities, as well as the risks associated with the costs, regulatory approval and the timing of these activities.

The risks related to economic conditions and the effect of such prolonged sluggish conditions on consumer spending for leisure and gaming . . .

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