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FNF > SEC Filings for FNF > Form 10-Q on 1-Aug-2014All Recent SEC Filings




Quarterly Report

Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results
of Operations
The statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that are not purely historical are forward-looking statements within the meaning of
Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, including statements regarding our expectations, hopes, intentions or strategies regarding the future. All forward-looking statements included in this document are based on information available to us on the date hereof, and we assume no obligation to update any such forward-looking statements. It is important to note that our actual results could vary materially from those forward-looking statements contained herein due to many factors, including, but not limited to: changes in general economic, business and political conditions, including changes in the financial markets; continued weakness or adverse changes in the level of real estate activity, which may be caused by, among other things, high or increasing interest rates, a limited supply of mortgage funding or a weak U.S. economy; our potential inability to find suitable acquisition candidates, acquisitions in lines of business that will not necessarily be limited to our traditional areas of focus, or difficulties in integrating acquisitions; our dependence on distributions from our title insurance underwriters as our main source of cash flow; significant competition that our operating subsidiaries face; compliance with extensive government regulation of our operating subsidiaries and adverse changes in applicable laws or regulations or in their application by regulators; and other risks detailed in the "Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Information," "Risk Factors" and other sections of the Company's Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013 and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013. Overview
We have organized our business into two groups, FNF Core Operations and FNF Ventures, known as "FNFV". We are a leading provider of title insurance, technology and transaction services to the real estate and mortgage industries. We are the nation's largest title insurance company through our title insurance underwriters - Fidelity National Title, Chicago Title, Commonwealth Land Title, Alamo Title and National Title of New York - that collectively issue more title insurance policies than any other title company in the United States. We also provide industry-leading mortgage technology solutions and transaction services, including MSP®, the leading residential mortgage servicing technology platform in the U.S., through our majority-owned subsidiaries, Black Knight Financial Services, LLC ("BKFS") and ServiceLink Holdings, LLC ("ServiceLink"). In addition, in our FNFV group, we own majority and minority equity investment stakes in a number of entities, including American Blue Ribbon Holdings, LLC ("ABRH"), J. Alexander's, LLC ("J. Alexander's"), Remy International, Inc. ("Remy"), Ceridian HCM, Inc. and Comdata Inc. (collectively "Ceridian") and Digital Insurance, Inc. ("Digital Insurance"). We currently have six reporting segments as follows:
FNF Core Operations
This segment consists of the operations of our title insurance underwriters and related businesses. This segment provides core title insurance and escrow and other title related services including collection and trust activities, trustee's sales guarantees, recordings and reconveyances, and home warranty insurance. This segment also includes the transaction services business acquired from LPS, now combined with our ServiceLink business. Transaction services include other title related services used in production and management of mortgage loans, including mortgage loans that go into default.
This segment consists of the operations of BKFS. This segment provides core technology and data and analytics services through leading software systems and information solutions that facilitate and automate many of the business processes across the life cycle of a mortgage. FNF Corporate and Other
The FNF Corporate and Other segment consists of the operations of the parent holding company, certain other unallocated corporate overhead expenses, other smaller real estate and insurance related operations.
This segment consists of the operations of Remy, in which we have a 51% ownership interest. Remy is a leading designer, manufacturer, remanufacturer, marketer and distributor of aftermarket and original equipment electrical components for automobiles, light trucks, heavy-duty trucks and other vehicles.

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Restaurant Group
The Restaurant Group segment consists of the operations of ABRH, in which we have a 55% ownership interest. ABRH is the owner and operator of the O'Charley's, Ninety Nine Restaurants, Max & Erma's, Village Inn and Bakers Square concepts. This segment also includes J. Alexander's, which also includes the Stoney River Legendary Steaks concept. FNFV Corporate and Other
The FNFV Corporate and Other segment primarily consists of our share in the operations of certain equity investments, including Ceridian, Digital Insurance and other smaller operations which are not title related. Recent Developments
On June 30, 2014, we completed the recapitalization of FNF common stock into the two previously announced tracking stocks, FNF Group common stock and FNFV Group common stock. Each share of the previously outstanding FNF Class A common stock was converted into one share of FNF Group common stock, which now trades on the New York Stock Exchange under the current trading symbol "FNF," and 0.3333 of a share of FNFV Group common stock, which now trades on the New York Stock Exchange under the trading symbol "FNFV." Both FNF and FNFV began regular trading on July 1, 2014.
Effective June 1, 2014, we completed an internal reorganization to contribute our subsidiary Property Insight, a company which provides information used by title insurance underwriters, title agents and closing attorneys to underwrite title insurance policies for real property sales and transfer, from our Title segment to BKFS. The results of Property Insight are included within our BKFS segment as of June 1, 2014. As a result of this transfer, our ownership percentage in BKFS increased to 67%. The results presented for the month ended June 30, 2014, reflect our now 67% ownership interest in BKFS and Thomas H. Lee partners' now 33% ownership of BKFS.
On January 2, 2014, we completed the purchase of Lender Processing Services, Inc. ("LPS"). The purchase consideration paid was $37.14 per share, of which $28.10 per share was paid in cash and the remaining $9.04 was paid in FNF common shares. The purchase consideration represented an exchange ratio of 0.28742 FNF Class A common shares per share of LPS common stock. Total consideration paid for LPS was $3.4 billion, which consisted of $2,248 million in cash, net of cash acquired of $287 million and $839 million in FNF common stock. In order to pay the stock component of the consideration, we issued 25,920,078 shares to the former LPS shareholders. See Note B for further discussion.
On January 13, 2014, Remy acquired substantially all of the assets of United Starters and Alternators Industries, Inc. ("USA Industries") pursuant to the terms and conditions of the Asset Purchase Agreement. USA Industries is a leading North American distributor of premium quality remanufactured and new alternators, starters, constant velocity axles and disc brake calipers for the light-duty aftermarket. Total consideration paid was $40 million, net of cash acquired.
Discontinued Operations
The results from a small software company, which we acquired with LPS and which was sold during the second quarter of 2014, are included in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings as discontinued operations for all periods presented. Total revenues included in discontinued operations were $1 million and $2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively, and $2 million and $4 million for the six months ending June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. Pre-tax earnings included in discontinued operations are $1 million for the three months ending June 30, 2014 and there were no pre-tax earnings for the three months ended June 30, 2013. There were pre-tax earnings of $1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2013 and there were no pre-tax earnings in the six months ended June 30, 2014. The results from two closed J. Alexander's locations and a settlement services company closed in the second quarter of 2013 are reflected in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings as discontinued operations for all periods presented. There were no revenues included in discontinued operations during the three and six months ended June 30, 2014. Total revenues included in discontinued operations were $1 million for the three months ending June 30, 2013, and $8 million for the six months ending June 30, 2013. There was no pre-tax loss included in discontinued operations for the three and six months ending June 30, 2014. Pre-tax loss included in discontinued operations was $2 million for the three months ending June 30, 2013.
Transactions with Related Parties
Our financial statements for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013, reflect related party transactions with Fidelity National Information Services, Inc. ("FIS"), which was considered a related party until December 31, 2013. See Note A of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for further details on our transactions with related parties. Business Trends and Conditions
FNF Core Operations
Our FNF core revenue is closely related to the level of real estate activity which includes sales, mortgage financing and mortgage refinancing. The levels of real estate activity are primarily affected by the average price of real estate sales, the availability

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of funds to finance purchases, mortgage interest rates and the strength of the United States economy, including employment levels. Declines in the level of real estate activity or the average price of real estate sales will adversely affect our title insurance revenues.
Since December 2008, the Federal Reserve has held the federal funds rate at 0.0%-0.25%, and has indicated that rates will stay at this level at least through 2014. Mortgage interest rates were at historically low levels through the beginning of 2013. During the last half of 2013, however, interest rates rose to their highest level since 2011. Through the first six months of 2014, mortgage interest rates have declined moderately.
As of July 15, 2014, the Mortgage Banker's Association ("MBA") estimated the size of the U.S. mortgage originations market as shown in the following table for 2012 - 2015 in their "Mortgage Finance Forecast" (in trillions):

                                             2015     2014     2013     2012
Purchase transactions                       $ 0.7    $ 0.6    $ 0.7    $ 0.5
Refinance transactions                        0.4      0.4      1.1      1.2
Total U.S. mortgage originations forecast   $ 1.1    $ 1.0    $ 1.8    $ 1.7

As shown above, the originations in 2013 and 2012 were driven primarily by refinance transactions, which coincides with the historically low interest rates experienced during those years. In 2014, the MBA predicts a 44.4% decrease in the total market, primarily due to a 63.6% decrease in refinance transactions in 2014. Total projected originations in 2015 remain relatively consistent with those in 2014. During 2013 and through the first half of 2014, we experienced a moderate increase in existing home sales and we have also seen a decline in total housing inventory. However, we have experienced significant declines in refinance activity starting in the fourth quarter of 2013.
Because commercial real estate transactions tend to be driven more by supply and demand for commercial space and occupancy rates in a particular area rather than by macroeconomic events, we believe that our commercial real estate title insurance business is less dependent on the industry cycles discussed above than our residential real estate title business. For the past several years, including the first half of 2014, we have experienced an increase in volume and fee per file of commercial transactions from the previous years, indicating strong commercial markets.
Several pieces of legislation were enacted to address the struggling mortgage market and the current economic and financial environment. On October 24, 2011, the Federal Housing Finance Agency ("FHFA") announced a series of changes to the Home Affordable Refinance Program ("HARP") that would make it easier for certain borrowers who owe more than their home is worth and who are current on their mortgage payments to refinance their mortgages at lower interest rates. The program reduces or eliminates the risk-based fees Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac charge on many loans, raises the loan-to-home value ratio requirement for refinancing, and streamlines the underwriting process. According to the Federal Housing Authority ("FHA"), lenders began taking refinancing applications on December 1, 2011 under the modified HARP. On April 11, 2013, the FHFA announced that the modified HARP program had been extended through December 2015. We believe the modified HARP program had a positive effect on our results during 2013 and 2012, but are uncertain to what degree the program has impacted our results in 2014 or may impact our results in the future.
During 2010, a number of lenders imposed freezes on foreclosures in some or all states as they reviewed their foreclosure practices. In response to these freezes, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency ("OCC") reviewed the foreclosure practices in the residential mortgage loan servicing industry. On April 13, 2011, the OCC and other federal regulators (collectively the "banking agencies") announced formal consent orders against several national bank mortgage servicers and third-party service providers for inappropriate practices related to residential mortgage loan servicing and foreclosure processing. The consent orders require the servicers to promptly correct deficiencies and make improvements in practices for residential mortgage loan servicing and foreclosure processing, including improvements to future communications with borrowers and a comprehensive "look back" to assess whether foreclosures complied with federal and state laws and whether any deficiencies in the process or related documentation resulted in financial injury to borrowers. Our title insurance underwriters were not involved in these enforcement actions and we do not believe that our title insurance underwriters are exposed to significant losses resulting from faulty foreclosure practices. Our title insurance underwriters issue title policies on real estate owned properties to new purchasers and lenders to those purchasers. We believe that these policies will not result in significant additional claims exposure to us because even if a court sets aside a foreclosure due to a defect in documentation, the foreclosing lender would be required to return to our insureds all funds obtained from them, resulting in reduced exposure under the title insurance policy. Further, we believe that under current law and the rights we have under our title insurance policies, we would have the right to seek recovery from the foreclosing lender in the event of a failure to comply with state laws or local practices in connection with a foreclosure. The former LPS and certain of its subsidiaries entered into a consent order with the banking agencies in relation to its default operations, now part of the Title segment. As part of the consent order, LPS agreed to further study the issues identified in the review and enhance its compliance, internal audit, risk management and board oversight plans with respect to the related businesses, among additional agreed undertakings. In January 2013, ten large mortgage servicers concluded the reviews required by the 2011 consent orders and agreed to monetary settlements. In April 2013, these mortgage servicers began making restitution under these settlements. LPS also entered

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into settlement agreements in January 2013 with 49 States and the District of Columbia relating to certain practices within its default operations and in February 2014, we also settled with the State of Nevada and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. We cannot predict whether these settlements may result in more normalized foreclosure timelines in the future. Moreover, we cannot predict whether any additional legislative or regulatory changes will be implemented as a result of the findings of the banking agencies or whether the U.S. federal government may take additional action to address the current housing market and economic uncertainty. Some states have enacted or are considering adopting legislation, such as the California Homeowner Bill of Rights, that places additional responsibilities and restrictions on servicers with respect to the foreclosure process. Any such actions could further extend foreclosure timelines. Moreover, as the processing of foreclosures in accordance with applicable law becomes more onerous, many lenders are addressing loans in default through other means, such as short sales, in order to avoid the risks and liability now associated with the foreclosure process. If foreclosure timelines continue to be extended and servicers address delinquent loans through other processes, the results of our default operations within the Title segment may be adversely affected.
In addition to state-level regulation, segments of our FNF core businesses are subject to regulation by federal agencies, including the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau ("CFPB"). The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform ("Dodd-Frank") and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 established the CFPB, and in January 2012, President Obama appointed its first director. The CFPB has been given broad authority to regulate, among other areas, the mortgage and real estate markets in matters pertaining to consumers. This authority includes the enforcement of the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act formerly placed with the Department of Housing and Urban Development. On July 9, 2012, the CFPB introduced a number of proposed rules related to the enforcement of the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act and the Truth in Lending Act, including, among others, measures designed to (i) simplify financing documentation and (ii) require lenders to deliver to consumers a statement of final financing charges (and the related annual percentage rate) at least three business days prior to the closing. These rules became effective on January 10, 2014. Dodd-Frank also included regulation over financial services and other lending related businesses including our newly acquired BKFS business. We cannot be certain what impact, if any, these new rules, or the CFPB generally, will have on our core businesses. Historically, real estate transactions have produced seasonal revenue levels for the real estate industry including title insurers. The first calendar quarter is typically the weakest quarter in terms of revenue due to the generally low volume of home sales during January and February. The third calendar quarter has been typically the strongest in terms of revenue primarily due to a higher volume of home sales in the summer months and the fourth quarter is usually also strong due to commercial entities desiring to complete transactions by year-end. We have noted short term fluctuations through recent years in resale and refinance transactions as a result of changes in interest rates and the implementation and subsequent expiration of government programs designed to stimulate the real estate market. In 2013, we saw seasonality trends return to historical patterns.
Remy manufactures and sells auto parts, principally starter motors and alternators, as well as hybrid electric motors and multi-line products, including steering gear, constant velocity axles, and brake calipers, for sale to original equipment manufacturers (OEM) and aftermarket customers. Remy manufactures products for automobiles as well as light and heavy duty commercial vehicles. The OEM market for auto parts is dependent on levels of new vehicle production, which in turn, is affected by the overall economy, consumer confidence, discounts and incentives offered by automakers and the availability of funds to finance purchases.
In the aftermarket, Remy's results are affected by the strength of the economy and by gas prices, but do not follow the same cycles as original equipment market sales. In a weaker economy, drivers tend to keep their vehicles and repair them rather than buying new vehicles. Lower gas prices have historically tended to result in more miles driven, which increases the frequency with which auto repairs are needed. Nevertheless, a weak economy also may reduce miles driven. Over the long term, improvements in the durability of original equipment and aftermarket parts has reduced, and is expected to further reduce, the number of units sold in the aftermarket. Aftermarket revenues are also affected by other factors, including severe weather (which tends to lead to increased sales) and competitive pressures. Many parts retailers and warehouse distributors purchase starters and alternators from only one or two suppliers, under contracts that run for five years or less. Pressure from customers to reduce prices is characteristic of the automotive supply industry. Remy periodically re-negotiates customer agreements. Due to the competitive nature of the business, the revised terms with customers may impact Remy's ongoing profitability. Remy has taken and expects to continue to take steps to improve operating efficiencies and minimize or resist price reductions, which includes exiting existing customer relationships that become inconsistent with operating margin goals.
Restaurant Group
The restaurant industry is highly competitive and is often affected by changes in consumer tastes and discretionary spending patterns; changes in general economic conditions; public safety conditions or concerns; demographic trends; weather conditions; the cost of food products, labor, energy and other operating costs; and governmental regulations. The restaurant industry is also characterized by high capital investments for new restaurants and relatively high fixed or semi-variable restaurant operating

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expenses. Because of the high fixed and semi-variable expenses, changes in sales in existing restaurants are generally expected to significantly affect restaurant profitability because many restaurant costs and expenses are not expected to change at the same rate as sales. Restaurant profitability can also be negatively affected by inflationary and regulatory increases in operating costs and other factors. The most significant commodities that may affect our cost of food and beverage are beef, seafood, poultry, and dairy, which accounted for almost 49 percent of our overall cost of food and beverage in the past. Generally, temporary increases in these costs are not passed on to guests; however, in the past, we have adjusted menu prices to compensate for increased costs of a more permanent nature.
Average weekly sales per restaurant are typically higher in the first and fourth quarters than in other quarters, and we typically generate a disproportionate share of our earnings from operations in the first and fourth quarters. Holidays, severe weather and other disruptive conditions may impact sales volumes seasonally in some operating regions.
Our revenues in future periods will continue to be subject to these and other factors that are beyond our control and, as a result, are likely to fluctuate.

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