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EXAR > SEC Filings for EXAR > Form 10-K on 11-Jun-2014All Recent SEC Filings

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Form 10-K for EXAR CORP


11-Jun-2014

Annual Report


ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, as well as information contained in "Risk Factors" above and elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Forward-looking statements are generally written in the future tense and/or may generally be identified by words such as "will," "may," "should," "would," "could," "expect," "suggest, "possible," "potential," "target," "commit," "continue," "believe," "anticipate," "intend," "project," "projected," "positioned," "plan," or other similar words. Forward-looking statements contained in this Annual Report include, among others, statements made in Part II, Item 7-"Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations-Executive Summary" and elsewhere regarding: (1) our future strategies and target market; (2) our future revenues, gross profits and margins; (3) our future research and development ("R&D") efforts and related expenses; (4) our future selling, general and administrative expenses ("SG&A");
(5) our cash and cash equivalents, short-term marketable securities and cash flows from operations being sufficient to satisfy working capital requirements and capital equipment needs for at least the next 12 months; (6) our ability to continue to finance operations with cash flows from operations, existing cash and investment balances, and some combination of long-term debt and/or lease financing and sales of equity securities; (7) the possibility of future acquisitions and investments; (8) our ability to accurately estimate our assumptions used in valuing stock-based compensation; (9) our ability to estimate and reconcile distributors' reported inventories to their activities;
(10) our ability to estimate future cash flows associated with long-lived assets; and (11) the volatile global economic and financial market conditions. Actual results may differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including, among others, those identified above under Part I, Item 1A-"Risk Factors." You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this document. We disclaim any obligation to revise or update information in any forward-looking statement, except as required by law.

Company Overview

Exar Corporation ("Exar," "us," "our" or "we") designs, develops and markets high performance analog mixed-signal integrated circuits and advanced sub-system solutions for the Networking & Storage, Industrial & Embedded Systems, and Communications Infrastructure markets. Exar's product portfolio includes power management and connectivity components, high performance analog and mixed-signal products, communications products, and data compression and storage solutions. Our comprehensive knowledge of end-user markets along with the underlying analog, mixed signal and digital technology has enabled us to provide innovative solutions designed to meet the needs of the evolving connected world. Applying both analog and digital technologies, our products are deployed in a wide array of applications such as industrial, instrumentation and medical equipment, networking and telecommunication systems, servers, enterprise storage systems, set top boxes and digital video recorders. We provide customers with a breadth of component products and sub-system solutions based on advanced silicon integration.

We market our products worldwide with sales offices and personnel located throughout the Americas, Europe, and Asia. Our products are sold in the United States through a number of manufacturers' representatives and distributors. Internationally, our products are sold primarily through various regional and country specific distributors, as well as some manufacturers' representatives. Globally, these channel partners are assisted and managed by our regional sales teams. In addition to our regional sales teams, we also employ a worldwide team of field application engineers ("FAEs") to work directly with our customers.

Our international sales are denominated in U.S. dollars. Our international related operating expenses expose us to fluctuations in currency exchange rates because our foreign operating expenses are denominated in foreign currencies while our sales are denominated in U.S. dollars. Our operating results are subject to fluctuations as a result of several factors that could materially and adversely affect our future profitability as described in "Part I, Item 1A. Risk Factors-Our Financial Results May Fluctuate Significantly Because Of A Number Of Factors, Many Of Which Are Beyond Our Control."

Fourth Quarter of Fiscal Year 2014 Executive Summary

We experienced a sequential quarterly decrease of 9% in our net sales in the fourth quarter as compared to the third fiscal quarter of 2014. The decrease in net sales as compared to the immediately prior quarter was primarily attributed to supply chain inventory exceeding demand in the networking market, as well as timing issues in certain contracts for proprietary high reliability products and technology licenses. Net income of $0.1 million increased $1.8 million from net loss in the third quarter of fiscal year 2014. The increase in net income as compared to the immediately prior quarter was primarily attributed to the change in fair value of contingent considerations related to the Altior and Cadeka acquisitions. Diluted income per share of $0.00 per share in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2014 increased $0.03 per share from the basic loss per share in the third quarter of fiscal year 2014. We believe we are effectively managing our operating expenses while continuing to invest an appropriate amount in research and development projects for future products.


Acquisitions

On April 26, 2014, we signed a definitive agreement ("Merger Agreement") to acquire Integrated Memory Logic Limited ("iML"), a leading provider of analog mixed-signal solutions for the flat panel display market. The iML acquisition supports Exar's strategy of building a large scale diversified analog mixed-signal business. Under the terms of the transaction, Exar's subsidiary ("Sub") has commenced a tender offer to acquire all of the outstanding shares of iML for NT$91.00 (approximately US$3.00) per iML share in cash and acquire any remaining shares at NT$91.00 per share pursuant to a follow-on merger. On May 29, 2014, Sub completed the offer. 68,319,091 shares (the "Accepted Shares") were validly tendered in the offer, representing approximately 92% of iML's outstanding shares. The persons from whom the Accepted Shares were acquired were the shareholders of iML. Sub will pay an aggregate purchase price of NT$6.2 billion (approximately US$206.0 million) to iML shareholders for the tendered shares. Pursuant to the terms and conditions set forth in the Merger Agreement, Sub intends to conduct a second-step merger in which Sub will merge with and into iML and the remaining outstanding shares will be converted into the right to receive NT$91.00 per share in cash. When complete, the gross transaction value is currently estimated to be NT$6.8 billion (approximately US$224.0 million), or NT$2.8 billion (approximately US$92.0 million), net of cash acquired. After the closing, iML will become a wholly owned subsidiary of Exar and iML stock will cease trading on the Taiwan Stock Exchange. Exar financed the acquisition of the shares with a combination of cash on hand and a new $90.0 million senior secured bridge loan facility. Stifel Financial Corp. has provided Exar a commitment letter to provide Exar up to $90.0 million in senior secured bridge loans. The commitment letter is subject to customary conditions to consummation.

Due to the limited time since the date of the acquisition, the initial disclosure for this business combination is incomplete as of the date of this filing. As such, it is impracticable for us to make certain business combination disclosures at this time. We are unable to present the acquisition date fair value of and information related to assets acquired and liabilities assumed. We plan to provide this information in our quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ending June 29, 2014.

On January 14, 2014, we completed the acquisition of Stretch, Inc. ("Stretch"), a provider of software configurable processors supporting the video surveillance market. Stretch's results of operations and estimated fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed were included in our consolidated financial statements beginning January 14, 2014.

On July 5, 2013, we completed the acquisition of substantially all of the assets of Cadeka Technologies (Cayman) Holding Ltd., a privately held company organized under the laws of the Cayman Islands and all the outstanding stock of the subsidiaries of Cadeka Technologies (Cayman) Holding Ltd., including the equity of its wholly owned subsidiary Cadeka Microcircuits, LLC, a Colorado limited liability company ("Cadeka"). With locations in Loveland, Colorado, Shenzhen and Wuxi, China, Cadeka designs, develops and markets high precision analog integrated circuits for use in industrial and high reliability applications. Cadeka's results of operations and estimated fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed were included in our consolidated financial statements beginning July 5, 2013.

On March 22, 2013, we completed the acquisition of substantially all of the assets of Altior Inc. ("Altior"), a developer of data management solutions in Eatontown, New Jersey. Altior's results of operations and estimated fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed were included in our consolidated financial statements beginning March 23, 2013.

On June 17, 2009, we completed the acquisition of Galazar Networks, Inc. ("Galazar"), a fabless semiconductor company focused on carrier grade transport over telecom networks based in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Galazar's product portfolio addressed transport of a wide range of datacom and telecom services including Ethernet, SAN, TDM and video over Synchronous Optical NETwork and Synchronous Digital Hierarchy ("SONET/SDH"), Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy ("PDH") and optical transport network ("OTN") networks. After assessing our market position, recent changes in the competitive landscape and future prospects, we announced on February 1, 2012 that we had decided to discontinue development of products for the OTN market. We promptly reduced our resources dedicated to our OTN products.

Our fiscal years consist of 52 or 53 weeks. In a 52-week year, each fiscal quarter consists of 13 weeks. Fiscal years 2014, 2013 and 2012 consisted of 52, 52 and 53 weeks, respectively. Fiscal year 2015 will consist of 52 weeks. Fiscal years ended March 30, 2014, March 31, 2013 and April 1, 2012 are also referred to as "2014," "2013," and "2012," respectively, unless otherwise indicated.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

The preparation of our financial statements and accompanying disclosures in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") requires estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities in the consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes. The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission has defined a company's critical accounting policies as policies that are most important to the portrayal of a company's financial condition and results of operations, and which require a company to make its most difficult and subjective judgments, often as a result of the need to make estimates of matters that are inherently uncertain. Based on this definition, we have identified our most critical accounting policies and estimates to be as follows: (1) revenue recognition;
(2) valuation of inventories; (3) capitalized mask set tools; (4) income taxes;
(5) stock-based compensation; (6) goodwill; (7) long-lived assets; and
(8) valuation of business combinations; each of which is addressed below. We also have other key accounting policies that involve the use of estimates, judgments and assumptions that are significant to understanding our results. For additional information, see Part II, Item 8-"Financial Statements and Supplementary Data" and "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, Note 3-Accounting Policies." Although we believe that our estimates, assumptions and judgments are reasonable, they are based upon information presently available. Actual results may differ significantly from these estimates if the assumptions, judgments and conditions upon which they are based turn out to be inaccurate.


Revenue Recognition

We recognize revenue in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") authoritative guidance for revenue recognition. Four basic criteria must be met before revenue can be recognized: (1) persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; (2) delivery has occurred or services have been rendered;
(3) the price is fixed or determinable; and (4) collectability is reasonably assured.

We derive revenue principally from the sale of our products to distributors and to original equipment manufacturers ("OEMs") or their contract manufacturers. Our delivery terms are primarily free on board shipping point, at which time title and all risks of ownership are transferred to the customer.

To date, software revenue has been an immaterial portion of our net sales.

Non-distributors

For non-distributors, revenue is recognized when title to the product is transferred to the customer, which occurs upon shipment or delivery, depending upon the terms of the customer order, provided that persuasive evidence of a sales arrangement exists, the price is fixed or determinable, collection of the resulting receivables is reasonably assured, there are no customer acceptance requirements and there are no remaining significant obligations. Provisions for returns and allowances for non-distributor customers are provided at the time product sales are recognized. Allowances for sales returns and other reserves are recorded based on historical experience or specific identification of an event necessitating an allowance.

Our history of actual returns from our non-distributors has not been material and, therefore, the allowance for sales returns for non-distributor customers is not significant.

Distributors

Agreements with our two primary distributors permit the return of 5% to 6% of their purchases during the preceding quarter for purposes of stock rotation. For one of these distributors, a scrap allowance of 1% of the preceding quarter's purchases is permitted. We also provide discounts to certain distributors based on volume of product they sell or purchase for a period not to exceed one year.

We recognize revenue from each of our distributors using either the sell-in basis or sell-through basis, each as described below. Once adopted, the basis for revenue recognition for a distributor is maintained unless there is a change in circumstances indicating the basis for revenue recognition for that distributor is no longer appropriate.

Sell-in Basis-Revenue is recognized upon shipment if we conclude we meet the same criteria as for non-distributors discussed above and we can reasonably estimate the credits for returns, pricing allowances and/or other concessions. We record an estimated allowance, at the time of shipment, based upon historical patterns of returns, pricing allowances and other concessions (i.e., "sell-in" basis).

Sell-through Basis-Revenue and the related costs of sales are deferred until the resale to the end customer if we grant more than limited rights of return, pricing allowances and/or other concessions or if we cannot reasonably estimate the level of returns and credits issuable (i.e., "sell-through" basis). Under the sell-through basis, accounts receivable are recognized and inventory is relieved upon shipment to the distributor as title to the inventory is transferred upon shipment, at which point we have a legally enforceable right to collection under normal terms. The associated sales and cost of sales are deferred and are included in deferred income and allowances on sales to distributors in the consolidated balance sheet. When the related product is sold by our distributors to their end customers, at which time the ultimate price we receive is known, we recognize previously deferred income as sales and cost of sales.


The following table summarizes the deferred income balance, primarily consisting of sell-through distributors (in thousands):

                                            As of March 30,       As of March 31,
                                                 2014                  2013
Deferred revenue at published list price   $          15,871     $          18,652
Deferred cost of revenue                              (4,757 )              (6,778 )
Deferred income                            $          11,114     $          11,874

Sell-through revenue recognition is highly dependent on receiving pertinent and accurate data from our distributors in a timely fashion. Distributors provide us periodic data regarding the product, price, quantity and end customer when products are resold as well as the quantities of our products they still have in stock. We must use estimates and apply judgments to reconcile distributors' reported inventories to their activities. Any error in our judgment could lead to inaccurate reporting of our net sales, gross profit, deferred income and allowances on sales to distributors and net income.

Valuation of Inventories

Our policy is to establish a provision for excess inventories, based on the nature of the specific product, that is greater than twelve months of forecasted demand unless there are other factors indicating that the inventories will be sold at a profit after such periods. Among other factors, management considers known backlog of orders, projected sales and marketing forecasts, shipment activity, inventory-on-hand at our primary distributors, past and current market conditions, anticipated demand for our products, changing lead times in the manufacturing process and other business conditions when determining if a provision for excess inventory is required. Should the assumptions used by management in estimating the provision for excess inventory differ from actual future demand or should market conditions become less favorable than those projected by management, additional inventory write-downs may be required, which would have a negative impact on our gross margins. See Part I, Item 1A. "Risk Factors-'Our Financial Results May Fluctuate Significantly Because Of A Number Of Factors, Many Of Which Are Beyond Our Control'."

Mask Costs

We incur costs for the fabrication of masks to manufacture our products. If we determine the product technological feasibility has been achieved when costs are incurred, the costs will be treated as pre-production costs and capitalized as machinery and equipment under property, plant and equipment. The amount will be amortized to cost of sales over the estimated production period of the product. If product technological feasibility has not been achieved or the mask is not expected to be utilized in production manufacturing, the related mask costs are expensed to R&D when incurred. We will periodically assess capitalized mask costs for impairment. Total mask costs capitalized was $2.3 million and $1.7 million as of March 30, 2014 and March 31, 2013, respectively. The costs capitalized are amortized over a five year estimated life.

Income Taxes

We determine our deferred tax assets and liabilities based upon the difference between the financial statement and tax bases of our assets and liabilities. We make certain estimates and judgments in determining income tax expense for financial statement purposes. These estimates and judgments occur in the calculation of certain deferred tax assets and liabilities, which arise from timing differences in the recognition of revenue and expense for tax and financial statement purposes. Such deferred income tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax base, operating losses and tax credit carryforwards. Changes in tax rates affect the deferred income tax assets and liabilities and are recognized in the period in which the tax rates or benefits are enacted.

We must determine the probability that we will be able to utilize our deferred tax assets. A valuation allowance is provided when it is more likely than not that some portion or all of a deferred tax asset will not be realized. We measure and recognize uncertain tax positions in accordance with GAAP, whereby we only recognize the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the merits of the position. See Part II, Item 8-"Financial Statements and Supplementary Data" and "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, Note 18-Income Taxes" for more details about our deferred tax assets and liabilities.

Stock-Based Compensation

We measure the cost of employee services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments based on the grant-date fair value of the award. We use the Black-Scholes model to estimate the fair value of our options. The fair value of time-based and performance-based restricted stock units is based on the grant date share price. The fair value of market-based restricted stock units is estimated using a Monte Carlo simulation model. See Part II, Item 8-"Financial Statements and Supplementary Data" and "Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements, Note 14-Stock-Based Compensation" for more details about our assumptions used in calculating the stock-based compensation expenses and equity related transactions during the fiscal year.


We recognize compensation expense equal to the grant-date fair value for all share-based payment awards that are expected to vest. This expense is recorded on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the entire awards, unless the awards are subject to performance or market conditions, in which case we recognize compensation expense over the requisite service period of each separate vesting tranche. For the performance-based awards, we recognize compensation expense when it becomes probable that the performance criteria specified in the plan will be achieved. For the market-based awards, compensation expense is not reversed if the market condition is not satisfied. The amount of stock-based compensation that we recognize is also based on an expected forfeiture rate. If there is a difference between the forfeiture assumptions used in determining stock-based compensation costs and the actual forfeitures which become known over time, we may change the forfeiture rate, which could have a significant impact on our results of operations.

Goodwill

Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the net tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired in a business combination. We evaluate goodwill for impairment on an annual basis or whenever events and changes in circumstances suggest that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. We conduct our annual impairment analysis in the fourth quarter of each fiscal year. Impairment of goodwill is tested at the reporting unit level by comparing the reporting unit's carrying amount, including goodwill, to the fair value of the reporting unit. The fair value of the reporting unit is estimated using a combination of the income approach that uses discounted cash flows and the market approach that utilizes comparable companies' data. If the carrying amount of the reporting unit exceeds its fair value, goodwill is considered impaired and a second step is performed to measure the amount of impairment loss. Because we have one reporting unit, we utilize an entity-wide approach to assess goodwill for impairment.

Long-Lived Assets

We review long-lived assets, including property and equipment and intangible assets, for impairment whenever events or changes in business circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets (or asset group) may not be fully recoverable. Whenever events or changes in circumstances suggest that the carrying amount of long-lived assets may not be recoverable, we estimate the future cash flows expected to be generated by the assets (or asset group) from its use or eventual disposition. If the sum of the expected future cash flows is less than the carrying amount of those assets, we recognize an impairment loss based on the excess of the carrying amount over the fair value of the assets. Significant management judgment is required in the grouping of long-lived assets and forecasts of future operating results that are used in the discounted cash flow method of valuation. If our actual results, or the plans and estimates used in future impairment analyses are lower than the original estimates used to assess the recoverability of these assets, we could incur additional impairment charges.

When we determine that the useful lives of assets are shorter than we had originally estimated, we accelerate the rate of depreciation and/or amortization over the assets' new, shorter useful lives. See "Goodwill and Other Intangible Asset Impairment" in the "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" below for more details regarding charges associated with the shortening of useful lives of certain intangible assets.

Valuation of Business Combinations

We periodically evaluate potential strategic acquisitions to broaden our product offering and build upon our existing library of intellectual property, human capital and engineering talent, in order to expand our capabilities in the areas in which we operate or to acquire complementary businesses.

We account for each business combination by applying the acquisition method, which requires (1) identifying the acquiree; (2) determining the acquisition date; (3) recognizing and measuring the identifiable assets acquired, the liabilities assumed, and any non-controlling interest we have in the acquiree at their acquisition date fair value; and (4) recognizing and measuring goodwill or a gain from a bargain purchase.

Assets acquired and liabilities assumed and/or incurred in a business combination that arise from contingencies are recognized at fair value on the acquisition date if fair value can be determined during the measurement period. If fair value cannot be determined, we typically account for the acquired contingencies using existing guidance for a reasonable estimate.

To establish fair value, we measure the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an ordinary transaction between market participants. The measurement assumes the highest and best use of the asset by the market participants that would maximize the value of the asset or the group of assets within which the asset would be used at the measurement date, even if . . .

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