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GNBT > SEC Filings for GNBT > Form 10-Q on 6-Jun-2014All Recent SEC Filings

Show all filings for GENEREX BIOTECHNOLOGY CORP

Form 10-Q for GENEREX BIOTECHNOLOGY CORP


6-Jun-2014

Quarterly Report


Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

As used herein, the terms the "Company," "Generex," "we," "us," or "our" refer to Generex Biotechnology Corporation, a Delaware corporation. The following discussion and analysis by management provides information with respect to our financial condition and results of operations for the three and nine-month periods ended April 30, 2014 and 2013. This discussion should be read in conjunction with the information contained in Part I, Item 1A - Risk Factors and

Part II, Item 8 - Financial Statements and Supplementary Data in our Annual
Report on Form 10-K for the year ended July 31, 2013, as amended, and the information contained in Part I, Item 1 - Financial Statements and Part II, Item 1A- Risk Factors in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended April 30, 2014.

Forward-Looking Statements

We have made statements in this Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Generex Biotechnology Corporation for the fiscal quarter ended April 30, 2014 that may constitute "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (the "Act"). The Act limits our liability in any lawsuit based on forward-looking statements that we have made. All statements, other than statements of historical facts, included in this Quarterly Report that address activities, events or developments that we expect or anticipate will or may occur in the future, including such matters as our projections, future capital expenditures, business strategy, competitive strengths, goals, expansion, market and industry developments and the growth of our businesses and operations, are forward-looking statements. These statements can be identified by introductory words such as "may," "expects," "anticipates," "plans," "intends," "believes," "will," "estimates" or words of similar meaning, and by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. Our forward-looking statements address, among other things:

· our expectations concerning product candidates for our technologies;

· our expectations concerning existing or potential development and license agreements for third-party collaborations, acquisitions and joint ventures;

· our expectations of when different phases of clinical activity may commence and conclude;

· our expectations of when regulatory submissions may be filed or when regulatory approvals may be received; and

· our expectations of when commercial sales of our products may commence and when actual revenue from the product sales may be received.

Any or all of our forward-looking statements may turn out to be wrong. They may be affected by inaccurate assumptions that we might make or by known or unknown risks and uncertainties. Actual outcomes and results may differ materially from what is expressed or implied in our forward-looking statements. Among the factors that could affect future results are:

· the inherent uncertainties of product development based on our new and as yet not fully proven technologies;

· the risks and uncertainties regarding the actual effect on humans of seemingly safe and efficacious formulations and treatments when tested clinically;

· the inherent uncertainties associated with clinical trials of product candidates;

· the inherent uncertainties associated with the process of obtaining regulatory approval to market product candidates;

· the inherent uncertainties associated with commercialization of products that have received regulatory approval;

· the further decline in our stock price;

· our ability to pay dividends on our recently issued preferred stock; and

· our ability to obtain the necessary financing to fund our operations and effect our strategic development plan.

Additional factors that could affect future results are set forth in Part I, Item 1A Risk Factors of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended July 31, 2013, as amended, and in Part II, Item 1A. Risk Factors of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. We caution investors that the forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report must be interpreted and understood in light of conditions and circumstances that exist as of the date of this Quarterly Report. We expressly disclaim any obligation or undertaking to update or revise forward-looking statements to reflect any changes in management's expectations resulting from future events or changes in the conditions or circumstances upon which such expectations are based.

Executive Summary

Overview of Business

We are engaged primarily in the research and development of drug delivery systems and technologies. Our primary focus at the present time is our proprietary technology for the administration of formulations of large molecule drugs to the oral (buccal) cavity using a hand-held aerosol applicator. Through our wholly-owned subsidiary, Antigen Express, Inc. ("Antigen"), we have expanded our focus to include immunomedicines incorporating proprietary vaccine formulations.

We believe that our buccal delivery technology is a platform technology that has application to many large molecule drugs and provides a convenient, non-invasive, accurate and cost-effective way to administer such drugs. We have identified several large molecule drugs as possible candidates for development, including estrogen, heparin, monoclonal antibodies, human growth hormone and fertility hormones, but to date have focused our development efforts primarily on one pharmaceutical product, Generex Oral-lyn™, an insulin formulation administered as a fine spray into the oral cavity using our proprietary hand-held aerosol spray applicator known as RapidMist™.

Our wholly-owned subsidiary, Antigen, concentrates on developing proprietary vaccine formulations that work by stimulating the immune system to either attack offending agents (i.e., cancer cells, bacteria, and viruses) or to stop attacking benign elements (i.e., self proteins and allergens). Our immunomedicine products are based on two platform technologies and are in the early stages of development. We continue clinical development of Antigen's synthetic peptide vaccines designed to stimulate a potent and specific immune response against tumors expressing the HER-2/neu oncogene for patients with HER-2/neu positive breast cancer in a Phase II clinical trial and patients with prostate cancer and against avian influenza in two Phase I clinical trials. We also initiated an additional Phase I clinical trial in patients with either breast or ovarian cancer. The synthetic vaccine technology has certain advantages for pandemic or potentially pandemic viruses, such as the H5N1 avian and H1N1 swine flu. In addition to developing vaccines for pandemic influenza viruses, we have vaccine development efforts underway for seasonal influenza virus, HIV, HPV, melanoma, ovarian cancer, allergy and Type I diabetes mellitus. We have established collaborations with clinical investigators at academic centers to advance these technologies.

Financial Condition

We are a development stage company with a limited history of operations, and do not expect sufficient revenues to support our operation in the immediately foreseeable future. To date, we have not been profitable and our accumulated net loss available to shareholders was $372,102,178 at April 30, 2014. As of April 30, 2014, our current cash position is not sufficient to meet our working capital needs for the next twelve months. To continue operations, we will require additional funds to support our working capital requirements and any development activities, or will need to suspend operations. Management is seeking various alternatives to ensure that we can meet some of our operating cash flow requirements through financing activities, such as private placement of our common stock, preferred stock offerings and offerings of debt and convertible debt instruments as well as through merger or acquisition opportunities. In addition, management is actively seeking strategic alternatives, including strategic investments and divestitures. Management has sold non-essential real estate assets which were classified as Assets Held for Investment to augment its cash position. We cannot provide any assurance that we will obtain the required funding. Our inability to obtain required funding in the near future or our inability to obtain funding on favorable terms will have a material adverse effect on our operations and our strategic development plan for future growth. If we cannot successfully raise additional capital and implement our strategic development plan, our liquidity, financial condition and business prospects will be materially and adversely affected and we may have to cease operations.

Generex Oral-lyn™

Regulatory Approvals and Clinical Trials

To date, we have received regulatory approval in Ecuador, India (subject to marketing approval of in-country clinical study), Lebanon and Algeria for the commercial marketing and sale of Generex Oral-lyn™. No dossier related activities took place in any other countries during fiscal 2013 or the first three quarters of fiscal 2014, nor are any expected during the remainder of fiscal 2014.

In March 2008, we initiated Phase III clinical trials for this product in the U.S. with the first patient screening for such trials at a clinical study site in Texas in April 2008. Approximately 450 patients have been enrolled to date at approximately 70 clinical sites around the world, including sites in the United States, Canada, Bulgaria, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine and Ecuador. The first Oral-lyn™ global Phase III trial initiated in April 2008 had a final patient visit date in August 2011. After appropriate validation, the data from approximately 450 patients was tabulated, reviewed and analyzed. Those results from the Phase III trial along with a comprehensive review and supplemental analyses of approximately 40 prior Oral-lyn™ clinical studies were compiled and submitted to the FDA in late December 2011 in a comprehensive package including a composite meta-analysis of all safety data. We are currently in ongoing discussions with the FDA with respect to the pathway for regulatory approval, including any additional clinical or pharmacological studies that might be required to support regulatory approval or enhance marketing success. We do not currently plan to expend significant resources on additional clinical trials of Oral-lyn™ until after such time that we secure additional financing.

Marketing

We have entered into licensing and distribution agreements with a number of multinational distributors to assist us with the process of gaining regulatory approval for the registration, marketing, distribution, and sale of Generex Oral-lyn™ in countries throughout the world. Under these licensing and distribution agreements, excluding one with Dong Sung Pharm Co. in South Korea, we will not receive an upfront license fee, but the distributor will bear any and all costs associated with the procurement of governmental approvals for the sale of Generex Oral-Lyn™, including any clinical and regulatory costs. We possess the worldwide marketing rights to our oral insulin product.

In India, a marketing plan has been submitted by Shreya Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd., to Generex on the marketing strategy for the distribution of Oral Recosulin™, the trademark under which Shreya will market Generex Oral-lyn™ within India. The marketing plan also includes post-approval marketing studies. Per the requirements of the regulatory approval in India, an in-country clinical study must be completed in India with Oral Recosulin™ before commercial sales can commence. The field portion of the study was completed in the third calendar quarter of 2012. The marketing acceptance dossier has been submitted to the Indian regulatory authority. Generex has provided additional, detailed scientific data to support the Shreya submission. We have not recognized any revenues from the sale of Generex Oral-lyn™ in India through the end of the 2013 fiscal year or in the first three quarters of the 2014 fiscal year.

We do not currently plan to expend significant resources on additional clinical trials or to further the commercialization of Generex Oral-lyn™ until after such time that we secure additional financing.

Cancer and Immunotherapeutic Vaccine Platforms

Our wholly-owned subsidiary Antigen Express is developing proprietary vaccine formulations based upon two platform technologies that were discovered by its founder, the Ii-Key hybrid peptides and Ii-Suppression. These technologies are applicable for either antigen-specific immune stimulation or suppression, depending upon the dosing and formulation of its products. Using active stimulation, we are focusing on major diseases such as breast, prostate and ovarian cancer, melanoma, influenza (including H5N1 avian and H1N1 swine flu) and HIV. Autoimmune diseases such as diabetes and multiple sclerosis are the focus of our antigen-specific immune suppression work.

Antigen's immunotherapeutic vaccine AE37 is currently in Phase II clinical trials for patients with HER-2/neu positive breast cancer. The trial is being conducted with the United States Military Cancer Institute's (USMCI) Clinical Trials Group and will examine the rate of relapse in patients with node-positive or high-risk node-negative breast cancer after two years. The study is randomized and will compare patients treated with AE37 plus the adjuvant GM-CSF versus GM-CSF alone. The Phase II trial follows a Phase I trial that demonstrated safety, tolerability, and immune stimulation of the AE37 vaccine in breast cancer patients.

Based on positive results in trials of the AE37 vaccine in breast cancer patients, we entered into an agreement in August 2006 with the Euroclinic, a private center in Athens, Greece, to commence clinical trials with the same compound as an immunotherapeutic vaccine for prostate cancer. A Phase I trial involving 29 patients was completed in August 2009, which similarly showed safety, tolerability and induction of a specific immune response. Agreements, as well as a protocol, are in place for initiation of a Phase II clinical trial once additional funding is available.

The same technology used to enhance immunogenicity is being applied in the development of a synthetic peptide vaccine for H5N1 avian influenza and the 2009 H1N1 swine flu. In April 2007, a Phase I clinical trial of Antigen's proprietary peptides derived from the hemagglutinin protein of the H5N1 avian influenza virus was initiated in healthy volunteers in the Lebanese-Canadian Hospital in Beirut, Lebanon. We have completed the first portion of the Phase I trial. Modified peptide vaccines for avian influenza offer several advantages over traditional egg-based or cell-culture based vaccines. Modified peptide vaccines can be manufactured by an entirely synthetic process which reduces cost and increases both the speed and quantity of vaccine relative to egg- or cell-culture based vaccines. Another advantage is that the peptides are derived from regions of the virus that are similar enough in all H5N1 and H1N1 virus strains such that they would not have to be newly designed for the specific strain to emerge in a pandemic.

A Physician's Investigational New Drug ("IND") application for the Phase I and Phase II trials in patients with stage II HER-2/neu positive breast cancer has been filed with the FDA. The Phase I trial was completed at the Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington, D.C., and the Phase II trial is taking place at 13 sites, including 11 in the U.S., one in Germany and one in Greece. A Physician's Investigational New Drug application for a Phase I trial in patients with breast or ovarian cancer also has been filed with the FDA and this Phase I trial is being conducted in Dallas, Texas at the Mary Crowley Cancer Center. Applications were filed and approvals obtained for a Phase I prostate cancer trial using AE37 in Athens, Greece from the Hellenic Organization of Drugs, and this Phase I trial was completed in August 2009. The Ministry of Health in Lebanon gave approval for Phase I trial of our experimental H5N1 prophylactic vaccine in Beirut, Lebanon following submission of an application. All other immunomedicine products are in the pre-clinical stage of development.

Other Potential Buccal Products

We have had past discussions regarding possible research collaborations with various pharmaceutical companies concerning use of our large molecule drug delivery technology with other compounds, including monoclonal antibodies, human growth hormone, fertility hormone, estrogen and heparin, and a number of vaccines. We have not expended resources to further develop any of these products during the fiscal year ended July 31, 2013 or in fiscal 2014 and do not currently have plans to expend further resources on these products.

Competition

We face competition from other providers of alternate forms of insulin. Some of our most significant competitors, Pfizer, Eli Lilly, and Novo Nordisk, have announced that they will discontinue development and/or sale of their inhalable forms of insulin. Generex Oral-lyn™ is not an inhaled insulin; rather, it is a buccally absorbed formulation with no residual pulmonary deposition. We believe that our buccal delivery technology offers several advantages, including the ease of use, portability, avoidance of pulmonary inhalation and safety profile. Furthermore, insulin administered through the Generex Oral-lyn™ RapidMist™ technology is absorbed directly into the blood stream and not only acts rapidly, but returns to baseline quickly, thereby minimizing the chance of developing hypoglycemia.

In May 2009, Mannkind Corporation submitted an NDA to the FDA requesting approval to market AFREZZA® (insulin human [rDNA origin]) Inhalation Powder, for the treatment of adult patients with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes for the control of hyperglycemia. In January 2011, MannKind announced that it had received a complete response letter from the FDA for AFREZZA®. In August 2011, MannKind announced that it has confirmed with the FDA the design of the two additional clinical studies which are required for AFREZZA®. In August 2013, MannKind announced positive late-stage data on its inhaled insulin AFREZZA® from the two additional Phase III studies on Type 1 and Type 2diabetes and has resubmitted a new drug application to the FDA in October 2013 seeking approval for the marketing of AFREZZA®. In addition to other delivery systems for insulin, there are numerous products, such as sulfonylureas (Amaryl®and Glynase®), biguanides (branded and generic metformin products), thiazolidinediones (Avandia®and Actos®), glucagon-like peptide 1 (Byetta®and Victoza®), and dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors (Januvia® and Onglyza™), which have been approved for use in the treatment of Type 2 diabetics in substitution of, or in addition to, insulin therapy. These products may also be considered competitive with insulin products.

Large pharmaceutical companies, such as Merck & Co., Inc., GlaxoSmithKline PLC, Novartis, Inc., MedImmune Inc. (a subsidiary of Astra-Zeneca, Inc.) and others, also compete against us in the oncology, immunomedicine and vaccine markets. These companies have competing experience and expertise in securing government contracts and grants to support research and development efforts, conducting testing and clinical trials, obtaining regulatory approvals to market products, as well as manufacturing and marketing approved products. As such, they are also considered significant competitors in these fields of pharmaceutical products and therapies. There are also many smaller companies which are pursuing similar technologies in these fields who are considered to be competitors of Generex.

Brief Company Background

We are a development stage company. From inception through the end of the quarter ended April 30, 2014, we have received only limited revenues from operations. We did not have any revenue for the nine months ended April 30, 2014 or in the fiscal year ended July 31, 2013

We operate in only one segment: the research and development of drug delivery systems and technologies for metabolic and immunological diseases.

We were incorporated in the State of Delaware in 1997. Our principal executive offices are located at 555 Richmond Street West, Suite 604, Toronto, Canada, and our telephone number at that address is (416) 364-2551. We maintain an Internet website at www.generex.com. We make available free of charge on or through our website our filings with the SEC.

Accounting for Research and Development Projects

Our major research and development projects are the refinement of our platform buccal delivery technology, our buccal insulin project (Generex Oral-lyn™) and Antigen's peptide immunotherapeutic vaccines.

During the first nine months of the current fiscal year and during the last fiscal year, we expended resources on the clinical testing and results analysis of our buccal insulin product, Generex Oral-lyn™. In July 2007, we received no objection from the FDA to proceed with our long-term multi-center Phase III study protocol for Generex Oral-lyn™. The first Oral-lyn global Phase III trial initiated in April 2008 had a final patient visit date in August 2011. After appropriate validation, the data from approximately 450 patients was tabulated, reviewed and analyzed. Those results from the Phase III trial along with a comprehensive review and supplemental analyses of approximately 40 prior Oral-lyn clinical studies were compiled and submitted to the FDA in late December 2011 in a comprehensive package including a composite meta-analysis of all safety data. We continue to have discussions with the FDA with respect to the pathway for regulatory approval, including any additional clinical or pharmacological studies that might be required to support regulatory approval or enhance marketing success. Late-stage trials involve testing our product with a large number of patients over a significant period of time. The completion of late-stage trials in Canada and the United States will require significantly greater funds than we currently have on hand. We do not currently plan to expend significant resources on additional clinical trials of Oral-lyn™ until after such time that we secure additional financing.

During the first nine months of the current fiscal year and during the last fiscal year, we expended resources on research and development relating to Antigen's peptide immunotherapeutic vaccines and related technologies. Antigen has one vaccine currently in Phase II clinical trials in the United States involving patients with HER-2/neu positive breast cancer and has completed a Phase I clinical trial for a vaccine for H5N1 avian influenza at the Lebanese-Canadian Hospital in Beirut. Antigen's prostate cancer vaccine based on AE37 has been tested in a completed (August 2009) Phase I clinical trial in Greece.

Because of various uncertainties, we cannot predict the timing of completion and commercialization of our buccal insulin in all jurisdictions or Antigen's peptide immunotherapeutic vaccines or related technologies. These uncertainties include the success of current studies, our ability to obtain the required financing and the time required to obtain regulatory approval even if our research and development efforts are completed and successful, our ability to enter into collaborative marketing and distribution agreements with third-parties, and the success of such marketing and distribution arrangements. For the same reasons, we cannot predict when any products may begin to produce net cash inflows.

Most of our buccal delivery research and development activities to date have involved developing our platform technology for use with insulin. Insubstantial amounts have been expended on projects with other drugs, including morphine and fentanyl, and those projects involved a substantial amount of platform technology development. As a result, we have not made significant distinctions in the accounting for research and development expenses among products, as a significant portion of all research has involved improvements to the platform technology in connection with insulin, which may benefit all of our potential buccal products. During the nine months ended April 30, 2014, approximately 23% of our $1,097,877 in research and development expenses was attributable to insulin and platform technology development. During the nine months ended April 30, 2013, approximately 23% of our $1,631,987 in research and development expenses was attributable to insulin and platform technology development.

During the nine months ended April 30, 2014, approximately 77% of our $1,097,877 in research and development expenses was attributable to Antigen's immunomedicine products compared to approximately 77%, or $1,263,286 for the nine months ended April 30, 2013. Because these products are in initial phases of clinical trials or early, pre-clinical stage of development (with the exception of the Phase II clinical trials of Antigen HER-2/neu positive breast cancer vaccine that are underway), all of the expenses were accounted for as basic research and no distinctions were made as to particular products. Due to the early stage of development, we cannot predict the timing of completion of any products arising from this technology, or when products from this technology might begin producing revenues.

Critical Accounting Policies

Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based on our interim consolidated financial statements which have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for interim financial statements. These principles require management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

We consider certain accounting policies related to impairment of long-lived assets, intangible assets and accrued liabilities to be critical to our business operations and the understanding of our results of operations:

Going Concern. As shown in the consolidated interim financial statements, we have not been profitable and have reported recurring losses from operations. These factors raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue to operate in the normal course of business. The consolidated interim financial statements do not include any adjustments that might be necessary should we be unable to continue as a going concern.

Revenue Recognition. Net sales of our over-the-counter confectionary products are generally recognized in the period in which the products are delivered. Delivery of the products generally completes the criteria for revenue recognition for us. In the event where the customers have the right of return, sales are deferred until the right of return lapses, the product is sold to a third party or a provision for returns can be reasonably estimated based on historical experience.

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets. Management reviews for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of property and equipment may not be recoverable under the provisions of accounting for the impairment of long-lived assets. If it is determined that an impairment loss has occurred based upon expected future cash flows, the loss is recognized in the Statement of Operations. As of April 30, 2014, there were no indications of any impairments of our long-lived assets.

Intangible Assets. We have intangible assets related to patents. The determination of the related estimated useful lives and whether or not these assets are impaired involves significant judgments. In assessing the recoverability of these intangible assets, we use an estimate of undiscounted operating income and related cash flows over the remaining useful life, market conditions and other factors to determine the recoverability of the asset. If these estimates or their related assumptions change in the future, we may be required to record impairment charges against these assets. There have been no . . .

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