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ZERO > SEC Filings for ZERO > Form 10-Q on 9-May-2014All Recent SEC Filings

Show all filings for SAVE THE WORLD AIR INC



Quarterly Report

Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and supplementary data referred to in this Form 10-Q.

This discussion contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Such statements, which include statements concerning future revenue sources and concentration, selling, general and administrative expenses, research and development expenses, capital resources, additional financings and additional losses, are subject to risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, those discussed elsewhere in this Form 10-Q, particularly in "Risk Factors," that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected. Unless otherwise expressly indicated, the information set forth in this Form 10-Q is as of March 31, 2014, and we undertake no duty to update this information.


We are a development stage company that has not yet generated any significant revenues since our inception in February 1998. We have devoted the bulk of our efforts to the completion of the design, and the commercial manufacturing of our production models, and testing of devices and the promotion of our commercialized crude oil pipeline products in the upstream and midstream energy sector. We anticipate that these efforts will continue during 2014.

In 2011, the Company conducted research and development of its AOT technology prototypes in a testing facility in Midwest, Wyoming, located at the U.S. Department of Energy Rocky Mountain Oilfield Testing Center, Naval Petroleum Reserve #3 (US DOE). The Company constructs the AOT technology prototypes through the assistance of various third party entities, located in Casper, Wyoming. Costs incurred and expensed includes fees charged by the US DOE, purchase of test equipment, pipeline pumping equipment, crude oil tank batteries, viscometers, SCADA systems, computer equipment and other related equipment and various logistical expenses for the purposes of evaluating and testing its AOT prototypes.

In 2012, the Company began the design and engineering efforts required to transition from prototype testing to full-scale commercial unit production. The Company has been working in a collaborative engineering environment with multiple Energy Industry companies to refine the AOT™ Midstream commercial design to comply with the stringent standards and qualification processes as dictated by independent engineering audit groups and North American industry regulatory bodies. In May 2013, the Company's first commercial prototype unit known as AOT™ Midstream, was completed.

In 2014, the Company began commercial development of a suite of products based around the new electrical heat system and plans to begin field-testing with commercial entities in the third quarter of 2014. The Company filed two additional provisional patents related to the technology's method and apparatus in the second quarter and fourth quarter of 2013, respectively. The first of the two provisional patents was finalized and submitted to non-provisional status on April 29, 2014. The second of the two provisional patents is scheduled to be finalized and submitted to non-provisional status at the end of the third quarter 2014.

Our expenses to date have been funded primarily through the sale of shares of common stock and convertible debt, as well as proceeds from the exercise of stock purchase warrants and options. We raised capital in the first quarter of 2014 and will need to raise substantial additional capital through the end of 2014, and possibly beyond, to fund our sales and marketing efforts, continuing research and development, and certain other expenses, until our revenue base grows sufficiently.

Results of Operation

There were no revenues and cost of sales for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013.

Operating expenses were $924,987 for the three-month period ended March 31, 2014, compared to $1,168,384 for the three-month period ended March 31, 2013, a decrease of $243,397. This decrease is attributable to decreases in non-cash expenses of $346,685, offset by an increase in cash expenses of $58,787. Specifically, the decrease in non-cash expense is attributable to decreases in stock and warrants given to consultants, employees and directors of $345,770 and depreciation of $915. The increase in cash expense is attributable to increases in salaries and corporate expenses of $51,466, consulting and professional fees of $ $8,098 and travel and related expenses of $47,442, offset by a decrease in office and other expenses of $48,219.

Research and development expenses were $451,987 for the three-month period ended March 31, 2014, compared to $343,555 for the three-month period ended March 31, 2013, an increase of $122,933. This increase is attributable to a decrease in salaries charged to research and development of $9,425 and a decrease in licensing and related research and patent expenses of $30,137, offset by an increase in prototype product development, product testing, research and supplies of $162,495.

Other income and expense were $26,500 expense for the three-month period ended March 31, 2012, compared to $3,124,739 income for the three-month period ended March 31, 2012, a decrease in income of $3,151,239. This decrease, all non-cash, is attributable to increases in gain on extinguishment of derivative liabilities of $3,441,752, reduction in interest and financing expense of $260, increase due gain from change in fair value of derivative liabilities of $220,614, offset by a decrease in other expenses of $69,693 due to settlement of debt and accruals and write-off of doubtful receivables.

The Company had a net loss of $1,403,474, or $0.01 per share, for the three-month period ended March 31, 2014, compared to net income of $1,582,800, or $0.01 per share, for the three-month period ended March 31, 2013. We expect to incur net loss in the fiscal year ending December 31, 2014 primarily attributable to continued research and development, operating and marketing-related expenditures without the benefit of any significant revenue for the remainder of the year.

Liquidity and Capital Resources


We have incurred negative cash flow from operations in the developmental stage since our inception in 1998. As of March 31, 2014, we had cash of $4,076,653 and an accumulated deficit of $94,442,337. Our negative operating cash flow in 2013 and first quarter of 2014 was funded primarily through exercise of stock purchase warrants and options.

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the settlement of liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business. As reflected in the accompanying consolidated financial statements, the Company is a development stage company and had not generated any revenues from operations, had a net loss of $1,403,474 and a negative cash flow from operations of $1,368,669 for the three-month period ended March 31, 2014. These factors raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. As a result, the Company's independent registered public accounting firm, in its report on the Company's December 31, 2013 financial statements, has raised substantial doubt about the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. Our ability to continue as a going concern is dependent upon our ability to raise additional funds and implement our business plan. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might be necessary if we are unable to continue as a going concern.


At March 31, 2014, we had cash on hand in the amount of $4,076,653. We will need additional funds to operate our business, including without limitation the expenses we will incur in connection with the license and research and development agreements with Temple University; costs associated with product development and commercialization of the AOT and related technologies; costs to manufacture and ship our products; costs to design and implement an effective system of internal controls and disclosure controls and procedures; costs of maintaining our status as a public company by filing periodic reports with the SEC and costs required to protect our intellectual property. In addition, as discussed below, we have substantial contractual commitments, including without limitation salaries to our executive officers pursuant to employment agreements, certain severance payments to a former officer and consulting fees, during the remainder of 2014 and beyond.

No assurance can be given that any future financing will be available or, if available, that it will be on terms that are satisfactory to the Company.

                            Contractual Obligations

The Company has certain contractual commitments for future periods, including
office leases, minimum guaranteed compensation payments and other agreements as
described in the following table and associated footnotes:

                                  Research and
Year ending         Office           License          Compensation          Total
December 31,      Lease (1)      Agreements (2)      Agreements (3)      Obligations
   2014           $   52,470     $       284,472     $       481,250     $    765,722
   2015               69,960             252,148              78,125          330,273
   2016               69,960             187,500              60,000          247,500
   2017               69,960             187,500              30,429          217,929
   2018               40,810             187,500                   -          187,500
   Total          $  303,160     $     1,099,120     $       649,804     $  1,748,924


(1) Consists of rent for the Company's Santa Barbara Facility expiring on July 31, 2018. (For description of this property, see Part 1, Item 2, "Properties").
(2) Consists of license maintenance fees to Temple University in the amount of $187,500 paid annually through the life of the underlying patents or until otherwise terminated by either party, and research fees paid to Temple University in the amount of $32,324 paid quarterly through June 1, 2015.
(3) Consists of base salary and certain contractually-provided benefits, to an executive officer, pursuant to an employment agreement that expires on January 30, 2015 in the amount of $235,625 and two severance agreements of former officers in the amount of $414,179.

Licensing Fees to Temple University

For details of the licensing agreements with Temple University, see Financial Statements attached hereto, Note 5.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Our discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations is based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The preparation of these consolidated financial statements and related disclosures requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. We evaluate, on an on-going basis, our estimates and judgments, including those related to the useful life of the assets. We base our estimates on historical experience and assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

The methods, estimates and judgments we use in applying our most critical accounting policies have a significant impact on the results that we report in our consolidated financial statements. The SEC considers an entity's most critical accounting policies to be those policies that are both most important to the portrayal of a company's financial condition and results of operations and those that require management's most difficult, subjective or complex judgments, often as a result of the need to make estimates about matters that are inherently uncertain at the time of estimation. For a more detailed discussion of the accounting policies of the Company, see Note 2 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements, "Summary of Significant Accounting Policies".

We believe the following critical accounting policies, among others, require significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements.

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Certain significant estimates were made in connection with preparing our consolidated financial statements as described in Note 2 to Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Stock-Based Compensation

The Company periodically issues stock options and warrants to employees and non-employees in non-capital raising transactions for services and for financing costs. The Company accounts for stock option and warrant grants issued and vesting to employees based on the authoritative guidance provided by the Financial Accounting Standards Board whereas the value of the award is measured on the date of grant and recognized over the vesting period. The Company accounts for stock option and warrant grants issued and vesting to non-employees in accordance with the authoritative guidance of the Financial Accounting Standards Board whereas the value of the stock compensation is based upon the measurement date as determined at either a) the date at which a performance commitment is reached, or b) at the date at which the necessary performance to earn the equity instruments is complete. Non-employee stock-based compensation charges generally are amortized over the vesting period on a straight-line basis. In certain circumstances where there are no future performance requirements by the non-employee, option grants are immediately vested and the total stock-based compensation charge is recorded in the period of the measurement date.

The fair value of the Company's common stock option grant is estimated using the Black-Scholes Option Pricing model, which uses certain assumptions related to risk-free interest rates, expected volatility, expected life of the common stock options, and future dividends. Compensation expense is recorded based upon the value derived from the Black-Scholes Option Pricing model, and based on actual experience. The assumptions used in the Black-Scholes Option Pricing model could materially affect compensation expense recorded in future periods.

Research and Development Costs

Costs incurred for research and development are expensed as incurred. Purchased materials that do not have an alternative future use are also expensed. Furthermore, costs incurred in the construction of prototypes with no certainty of any alternative future use and established commercial uses are also expensed.

For the three-month periods ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, and for the period from inception to December 31, 2013, research and development costs incurred were $451,987, 373,555 and 11,133,154, respectively.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In April 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2014-08, "Presentation of Financial Statements (Topic 205) and Property, Plant and Equipment (Topic 360)." ASU 2014-08 amends the requirements for reporting discontinued operations and requires additional disclosures about discontinued operations. Under the new guidance, only disposals representing a strategic shift in operations or that have a major effect on the Company's operations and financial results should be presented as discontinued operations. This new accounting guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2014. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2014-08 on the Company's results of operations or financial condition.

On February 26, 2014, the FASB Board affirmed changes in a November 2013 Exposure Draft, Development Stage Entities (Topic 915): Elimination of Certain Financial Reporting Requirements, and directed the staff to draft a final Accounting Standards Update for vote by the Board. This is intended to reduce the cost and complexity in financial reporting by eliminating inception-to-date information from the financial statements of development stage entities.

Other recent accounting pronouncements issued by the FASB, including its Emerging Issues Task Force, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, and the Securities and Exchange Commission did not or are not believed by management to have a material impact on the Company's present or future consolidated financial statements.

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