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BDN > SEC Filings for BDN > Form 10-Q on 5-May-2014All Recent SEC Filings

Show all filings for BRANDYWINE REALTY TRUST

Form 10-Q for BRANDYWINE REALTY TRUST


5-May-2014

Quarterly Report


Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 provides a "safe harbor" for forward-looking statements. This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and other materials filed by us with the SEC (as well as information included in oral or other written statements made by us) contain statements that are forward-looking, including statements relating to business and real estate development activities, acquisitions, dispositions, future capital expenditures, financing sources, governmental regulation (including environmental regulation) and competition. We intend such forward-looking statements to be covered by the safe-harbor provisions of the 1995 Act. The words "anticipate," "believe," "estimate," "expect," "intend," "will," "should" and similar expressions, as they relate to us, are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, we can give no assurance that our expectations will be achieved. As forward-looking statements, these statements involve important risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the expected results and, accordingly, such results may differ from those expressed in any forward-looking statements made by us or on our behalf. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from our expectations include, but are not limited to:

the continuing impact of modest global economic growth, which is having and may continue to have a negative effect on the following, among other things:

         the fundamentals of our business, including overall market occupancy,
          demand for office space and rental rates;


         the financial condition of our tenants, many of which are financial,
          legal and other professional firms, our lenders, counterparties to our
          derivative financial instruments and institutions that hold our cash
          balances and short-term investments, which may expose us to increased
          risks of default by these parties;


         the availability of financing on attractive terms or at all, which may
          adversely impact our future interest expense and our ability to pursue
          acquisition and development opportunities and refinance existing debt;
          and


         a decline in real estate asset valuations, which may limit our ability
          to dispose of assets at attractive prices or obtain or maintain debt
          financing secured by our properties or on an unsecured basis.


      changes in local real estate conditions (including changes in rental rates
       and the number of properties that compete with our properties);

our failure to lease unoccupied space in accordance with our projections;

our failure to re-lease occupied space upon expiration of leases;

tenant defaults and the bankruptcy of major tenants;

increases in interest rates;

failure of interest rate hedging contracts to perform as expected and the effectiveness of such arrangements;

failure of acquisitions to perform as expected;

unanticipated costs associated with the acquisition, integration and operation of our acquisitions;

unanticipated costs to complete, lease-up and operate our developments and redevelopments;

unanticipated costs associated with land development, including building moratoriums and inability to obtain necessary zoning, land-use, building, occupancy and other required governmental approvals, construction cost increases or overruns and construction delays;

impairment charges;

increased costs for, or lack of availability of, adequate insurance, including for terrorist acts or environmental liabilities;

actual or threatened terrorist attacks;

the impact on workplace and tenant space demands driven by technology, employee culture and commuting patterns;

demand for tenant services beyond those traditionally provided by landlords;

liability and clean-up costs under environmental or other laws;

failure or bankruptcy of real estate venture partners;

inability of real estate venture partners to fund venture obligations;

failure to manage effectively our growth into new product types within our real estate venture arrangements;

failure of dispositions to close in a timely manner;

failure of buyers of our properties to comply with terms of their financing agreements to us;

earthquakes and other natural disasters;

the unforeseen impact of climate change and compliance costs relating to laws and regulations governing climate change;

risks associated with federal, state and local tax audits;

complex regulations relating to our status as a REIT and the adverse consequences of our failure to qualify as a REIT; and

the impact of newly adopted accounting principles on our accounting policies and on period-to-period comparisons of financial results.


Given these uncertainties, and the other risks identified in the "Risk Factors" section of our 2013 Annual Report on Form 10-K, we caution readers not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. We assume no obligation to update or supplement forward-looking statements that become untrue because of subsequent events.
The discussion that follows is based primarily on our consolidated financial statements as of March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013 and for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2014 and 2013 and should be read along with the consolidated financial statements and related notes appearing elsewhere in this report. The ability to compare one period to another may be significantly affected by acquisitions completed, development properties placed in service and dispositions made during those periods.
OVERVIEW
As of March 31, 2014, we owned 205 properties that contain an aggregate of approximately 24.9 million net rentable square feet and consist of 175 office properties, 20 industrial facilities, five mixed-use properties (200 core properties), two development properties, two redevelopment properties and one re-entitlement property (collectively, the "Properties"). In addition, as of March 31, 2014, we owned economic interests in 17 unconsolidated real estate ventures that contain approximately 5.7 million net rentable square feet (collectively, the "Real Estate Ventures"). In addition to managing properties that we own, as of March 31, 2014, we were managing approximately 7.9 million net rentable square feet of office and industrial properties for third parties and the Real Estate Ventures.
During the three-month period ended March 31, 2014, we were managing our portfolio within seven segments: (1) Pennsylvania Suburbs, (2) Philadelphia CBD,
(3) Metropolitan Washington D.C., (4) New Jersey/Delaware, (5) Richmond, Virginia, (6) Austin, Texas and (7) California. The Pennsylvania Suburbs segment includes properties in Chester, Delaware, and Montgomery counties in the Philadelphia suburbs. The Philadelphia CBD segment includes properties located in the City of Philadelphia in Pennsylvania. The Metropolitan Washington, D.C. segment includes properties in Northern Virginia and southern Maryland. The New Jersey/Delaware segment includes properties in Burlington and Camden counties in New Jersey and in New Castle county in the state of Delaware. The Richmond, Virginia segment includes properties primarily in Albemarle, Chesterfield, Goochland and Henrico counties and one property in Durham, North Carolina. The Austin, Texas segment includes properties in Austin. The California segment includes properties in Oakland, Concord, and Carlsbad. Our corporate group is responsible for cash and investment management, development of certain real estate properties during the construction period, and certain other general support functions. We generate cash and revenue from leases of space at our properties and, to a lesser extent, from the management of properties owned by third parties and from investments in the Real Estate Ventures. Factors that we evaluate when leasing space include rental rates, costs of tenant improvements, tenant creditworthiness, current and expected operating costs, the length of the lease, vacancy levels and demand for office and industrial space. We also generate cash through sales of assets, including assets that we do not view as core to our portfolio, either because of location or expected growth potential, and assets that are commanding premium prices from third party investors. Our financial and operating performance is dependent upon the demand for office, industrial and other commercial space in our markets, our leasing results, our acquisition, disposition and development activity, our financing activity, our cash requirements and economic and market conditions, including prevailing interest rates. Adverse changes in economic conditions could result in a reduction of the availability of financing and potentially in higher borrowing costs. These factors, coupled with an ongoing economic recovery, have reduced the volume of real estate transactions and created credit stresses on some businesses. Vacancy rates may increase, and rental rates may decline, through 2014 and possibly beyond as the current economic climate may negatively impact tenants. Overall economic conditions, including but not limited to high unemployment and deteriorating financial and credit markets, could have a dampening effect on the fundamentals of our business, including increases in past due accounts, tenant defaults, lower occupancy and reduced effective rents. These conditions would negatively affect our future net income and cash flows and could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition. We believe that the quality of our assets and our strong balance sheet will enable us to raise debt capital, if necessary, in various forms and from different sources, including traditional term or secured loans from banks, pension funds and life insurance companies. However, there can be no assurance that we will be able to borrow funds on terms that are economically attractive or at all. We continue to seek revenue growth throughout our portfolio by increasing occupancy and rental rates. Occupancy at our wholly owned properties at March 31, 2014 was 89.2% compared to 87.7% at March 31, 2013.


The table below summarizes the key operating and leasing statistics of our wholly owned operating properties for the three months ended March 31, 2014:

                                                        Three-month period
                                                               ended
                                                             March 31,
                                                               2014
Leasing Activity:
Core portfolio net rentable square feet owned (1)             23,973,578
Occupancy percentage (end of period)                                89.2 %
Average occupancy percentage
New leases and expansions commenced (square feet)                501,479
Leases renewed (square feet)                                     336,047
Net absorption (square feet) (2)                                 (51,873 )
Percentage change in rental rates per square feet (3):
New and expansion rental rates                                      18.1 %
Renewal rental rates                                                 0.1 %
Combined rental rates                                                6.7 %
Capital Costs Committed (4):
Leasing commissions (per square feet)                  $            6.13
Tenant Improvements (per square feet)                  $           15.05

(1) Includes all properties in the core portfolio (i.e. not under development or redevelopment).

(2) Includes leasing related to completed developments and redevelopments.

(3) Rental rates include base rent plus reimbursement for operating expenses and real estate taxes.

(4) Calculated on an average basis.

In seeking to increase revenue through our operating, financing and investment activities, we also seek to minimize operating risks, including (i) tenant rollover risk, (ii) tenant credit risk and (iii) development risk. Tenant Rollover Risk:
We are subject to the risk that tenant leases, upon expiration, will not be renewed, that space may not be relet, or that the terms of renewal or reletting (including the cost of renovations) may be less favorable to us than the current lease terms. Leases that accounted for approximately 3.3% of our aggregate final annualized base rents as of March 31, 2014 (representing approximately 3.8% of the net rentable square feet of the Properties) are scheduled to expire without penalty in 2014. We maintain an active dialogue with our tenants in an effort to maximize lease renewals. Our retention rate for leases that are scheduled to expire in 2014 is 56.3% compared to a retention rate of 52.7% for leases that expired in 2013. Rental rates on leases expiring during 2014 did not deviate significantly from market renewal rates in the regions in which we operate. If we are unable to renew leases or relet space under expiring leases, at anticipated rental rates, or if tenants terminate their leases early, our cash flow would be adversely impacted.
Tenant Credit Risk:
In the event of a tenant default, we may experience delays in enforcing our rights as a landlord and may incur substantial costs in protecting our investment. Our management regularly evaluates our accounts receivable reserve policy in light of our tenant base and general and local economic conditions. Our accounts receivable allowance was $15.8 million or 9.4% of total receivables (including accrued rent receivables) as of March 31, 2014 compared to $16.2 million or 10.3% of total receivables (including accrued rent receivables) as of December 31, 2013.
If economic conditions persist or deteriorate further, we may experience increases in past due accounts, defaults, lower occupancy and reduced effective rents. This condition would negatively affect our future net income and cash flows and could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition.


Development Risk:

Development projects are subject to a variety of risks, including construction delays, construction cost overruns, inability to obtain financing on favorable terms, inability to lease space at projected rates, inability to enter into construction, development and other agreements on favorable terms, and unexpected environmental and other hazards. Reference is made to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013 for additional risks associated with development projects.
As of March 31, 2014, we owned approximately 450 acres of undeveloped land, and held options to purchase approximately 50 additional acres of undeveloped land. As market conditions warrant, we will seek to opportunistically dispose of those parcels that we do not anticipate developing. For parcels of land that we ultimately develop, we will be subject to risks and costs associated with land development, including building moratoriums and the inability to obtain necessary zoning, land-use, building, occupancy and other required governmental approvals, construction cost increases or overruns and construction delays, and insufficient occupancy rates and rental rates. As of March 31, 2014, these land parcels could support, under current zoning and entitlements, approximately 6.2 million square feet of development.
RECENT PROPERTY TRANSACTIONS
Acquisition
On February 19, 2014, we acquired 54.1 acres of undeveloped land known as Encino Trace in Austin, Texas for $14.0 million. The land is fully entitled with a site plan and building permits in place allowing for the development of two four-story office buildings containing approximately 320,000 net rentable square feet. The land was purchased with an in-place lease for 75% of the first building. The Company capitalized $8.4 million in construction in progress, recorded $4.6 million in land inventory and recorded a deposit for a portion of the future development fee held in escrow for $1.0 million. The net assets were purchased using available corporate funds. Disposition
On March 27, 2014, we sold a 16.8-acre parcel of land located in Austin, Texas for a sales price of $3.5 million resulting in a $1.2 million gain on sale of undepreciated real estate after closing and other transaction related costs. The land parcel was undeveloped as of the date of sale.
We continually assess our portfolio in light of our strategic and economic considerations to determine whether to sell properties in the portfolio. Sales of properties, and determinations to hold properties for sale, may result in an impairment or other loss, and such loss could be material to our statement of operations.
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations discuss our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP). The preparation of these financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Certain accounting policies are considered to be critical accounting policies, as they require management to make assumptions about matters that are highly uncertain at the time the estimate is made and changes in accounting estimate are reasonably likely to occur from period to period. Management bases its estimates and assumptions on historical experience and current economic conditions. On an on-going basis, management evaluates its estimates and assumptions including those related to revenue, impairment of long-lived assets and the allowance for doubtful accounts. Actual results may differ from those estimates and assumptions.
Our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013 contains a discussion of our critical accounting policies. There have been no significant changes in our critical accounting policies since December 31, 2013. See also Note 2 in our unaudited consolidated financial statements for the three-month period ended March 31, 2014 set forth herein. Management discusses our critical accounting policies and management's judgments and estimates with our Audit Committee.


RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following discussion is based on our Consolidated Financial Statements for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2014 and 2013. We believe that presentation of our consolidated financial information, without a breakdown by segment, will effectively present important information useful to our investors. Net operating income ("NOI") as presented in the comparative analysis below is defined as revenue less property operating expenses, real estate taxes and third party management expenses. Property operating expenses that are included in determining NOI consist of costs that are necessary and allocable to our operating properties such as utilities, property-level salaries, repairs and maintenance, property insurance, management fees and bad debt expense. General and administrative expenses that are not reflected in NOI primarily consist of corporate-level salaries, amortization of share awards and professional fees that are incurred as part of corporate office management. NOI is a non-GAAP financial measure that we use internally to evaluate the operating performance of our real estate assets by segment, as presented in Note 15 to the consolidated financial statements, and of our business as a whole. We believe NOI provides useful information to investors regarding our financial condition and results of operations because it reflects only those income and expense items that are incurred at the property level. While NOI is a relevant and widely used measure of operating performance of real estate investment trusts, it does not represent cash flow from operations or net income as defined by GAAP and should not be considered as an alternative to those measures in evaluating our liquidity or operating performance. NOI does not reflect interest expenses, real estate impairment losses, depreciation and amortization costs, capital expenditures and leasing costs. We believe that net income, as defined by GAAP, is the most appropriate earnings measure. See Note 15 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for a reconciliation of NOI to our consolidated net income (loss).
Comparison of the Three-Month Periods Ended March 31, 2014 and March 31, 2013 The table below shows selected operating information for the "Same Store Property Portfolio" and the "Total Portfolio." The Same Store Property Portfolio consists of 196 properties containing an aggregate of approximately 21.8 million net rentable square feet, and represents properties that we owned for the entire three-month periods ended March 31, 2014 and 2013. The Same Store Property Portfolio includes properties acquired or placed in service on or prior to January 1, 2013 and owned through March 31, 2014. The Total Portfolio includes the effects of other properties that were either placed into service, acquired or redeveloped after January 1, 2013 or disposed prior to March 31, 2014. A property is excluded from our Same Store Property Portfolio and moved into the redevelopment column in the period that we determine that a redevelopment would be the best use of the asset, and when said asset is taken out of service or is undergoing re-entitlement for a future development strategy. This table also includes a reconciliation from the Same Store Property Portfolio to the Total Portfolio net income (i.e., all properties owned by us during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2014 and 2013) by providing information for the properties which were acquired, placed into service, under development or redevelopment and administrative/elimination information for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2014 and 2013 (in thousands).
The Total Portfolio net income presented in the table is equal to the net income of the Parent Company and the Operating Partnership.


Comparison of three-months ended March 31, 2014 to the three-months ended

March 31, 2013
                                                                          Recently Completed/Acquired                                                                Other
                              Same Store Property Portfolio                     Properties (a)                 Development/Redevelopment Properties (b)        (Eliminations) (c)                   Total Portfolio

                                                       Increase/                                                                                                                                                     Increase/
(dollars in thousands)     2014           2013        (Decrease)              2014                 2013              2014                     2013             2014          2013         2014          2013        (Decrease)
Revenue:
Cash rents             $   104,691     $ 100,659     $     4,032     $            9,355         $      -     $          2,842                     2,110     $    (754 )   $  4,658     $ 116,134     $ 107,427     $     8,707
Straight-line rents          2,640         4,657          (2,017 )                  681                -                  271                       719             -           17         3,592         5,393          (1,801 )
Above/below market
rent amortization            1,427         1,436              (9 )                  264                -                  254                       244             -          108         1,945         1,788             157
Total rents                108,758       106,752           2,006                 10,300                -                3,367                     3,073          (754 )      4,783       121,671       114,608           7,063
Tenant reimbursements       18,493        16,125           2,368                  4,413                -                  554                       434             -        3,782        23,460        20,341           3,119
Termination fees             2,203           496           1,707                      -                -                    -                         -             -            -         2,203           496           1,707
Third party management
fees, labor
reimbursement and
leasing                          -             -               -                      -                -                    -                         -         4,150        3,236         4,150         3,236             914
Other                          379           621            (242 )                   37                -                   29                        15           185          237           630           873            (243 )
Total revenue              129,833       123,994           5,839                 14,750                -                3,950                     3,522         3,581       12,038       152,114       139,554          12,560
Property operating
expenses                    41,695        37,966           3,729                  5,081                -                1,604                     1,269        (1,579 )        114        46,801        39,349           7,452
Real estate taxes           11,317        11,821            (504 )                1,627                -                  316                       568           197        1,906        13,457        14,295            (838 )
Third party management
expenses                         -             -               -                      -                -                    -                         -         1,716        1,425         1,716         1,425             291
Net operating income        76,821        74,207           2,614                  8,042                -                2,030                     1,685         3,247        8,593        90,140        84,485           5,655
General &
administrative
expenses                         -             -               -                     28                -                   64                         3         8,089        6,548         8,181         6,551           1,630
Depreciation and
amortization                44,627        42,687           1,940                  5,950                -                1,972                     1,458            21        5,331        52,570        49,476           3,094
Operating income
(loss)                 $    32,194     $  31,520     $       674     $            2,064         $      -     $             (6 )         $           224     $  (4,863 )   $ (3,286 )   $  29,389     $  28,458     $       931
Number of properties           196           196                                      4                                     5                                       -                        205
Square feet                 21,769        21,769                                  2,205                                   950                                       -                     24,924
Core Occupancy % (d)          89.3 %        87.8 %                                 88.2 %                                 N/A                                                               89.2 %
Other income
(expense):
. . .
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