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NLSN > SEC Filings for NLSN > Form 10-Q on 24-Apr-2014All Recent SEC Filings

Show all filings for NIELSEN HOLDINGS N.V.

Form 10-Q for NIELSEN HOLDINGS N.V.


24-Apr-2014

Quarterly Report


Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Introduction

The following discussion and analysis supplements management's discussion and analysis of Nielsen Holdings N.V. ("the Company" or "Nielsen") for the year ended December 31, 2013 as contained in the Annual Report on Form 10-K filed by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 21, 2014, and presumes that readers have read or have access to such discussion and analysis. The following discussion and analysis should also be read together with the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes thereto. Further, this report may contain material that includes forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that reflect, when made, Nielsen's current views with respect to current events and financial performance. Statements, other than those based on historical facts, which address activities, events or developments that we expect or anticipate may occur in the future are forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements are subject to many risks, uncertainties and factors relating to Nielsen's operations and business environment that may cause actual results to be materially different from any future results, express or implied, by such forward-looking statements, including but not limited to, those set forth in this Item 2 and Part II, Item 1A, if any, and those noted in our 2013 Annual Report on Form 10-K under "Risk Factors." Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this report or as of the date they were made. We disclaim any intention to update the current expectations or forward-looking statements contained in this report. Unless required by context, references to "we", "us", and "our" refer to Nielsen and each of its consolidated subsidiaries.

From time to time, Nielsen may use its website and social media outlets as channels of distribution of material company information. Financial and other material information regarding the company is routinely posted and accessible on our website at http://www.nielsen.com/investors, our Twitter account at http://twitter.com/NielsenIR and our iPad App, NielsenIR, available on the App Store.

Background and Executive Summary

We are a global information and measurement company that provides clients with a comprehensive understanding of consumers and consumer behavior. We deliver critical media and marketing information, analytics and industry expertise about what consumers buy (referred to herein as "Buy") and what consumers watch and listen to on a global and local basis (consumer interaction across the television, radio, online and mobile viewing and listening platforms referred to herein as "Watch"). Our information, insights and solutions help our clients maintain and strengthen their market positions and identify opportunities for profitable growth. We have a presence in more than 100 countries, including many developing and emerging markets, and hold leading market positions in many of our services and geographies.

On September 30, 2013, we completed the acquisition of Arbitron Inc. ("Arbitron"), an international media and marketing research firm through the purchase of 100% of Arbitron's outstanding common stock for a total cash purchase price of $1.3 billion. Arbitron is expected to help us better address client needs in unmeasured areas of media consumption, including streaming audio and out-of-home, and our global distribution footprint can help expand Arbitron's capabilities outside of the U.S. With Arbitron's assets, we intend to further expand our Watch segment's audience measurement across screens and forms of listening. Arbitron has been rebranded Nielsen Audio.

On February 3, 2014, we completed the acquisition of Harris Interactive, Inc., a leading global market research firm through the purchase of all outstanding shares of Harris Interactive's common stock for $2.04 per share (total purchase price of $116 million). Harris Interactive is expected to expand our footprint with important industry verticals including pharmaceutical, automobile and financial services.

We believe that important measures of our results of operations include revenue, operating income and Adjusted EBITDA (defined below). Our long-term financial objectives include consistent revenue growth and expanding operating margins. Accordingly, we are focused on geographic market and service offering expansion to drive revenue growth and improving operating efficiencies including effective resource utilization, information technology leverage and overhead cost management.

Our business strategy is built upon a model that has traditionally yielded consistent revenue performance. Typically, before the start of each year, nearly 70% of our annual revenue has been committed under contracts in our combined Buy and Watch segments, which provides us with a high degree of stability to our revenue and allows us to effectively manage our profitability and cash flows. We continue to look for growth opportunities through global expansion, specifically within developing markets, as well as through the cross-platform expansion of our insights services and measurement services.

Our restructuring and other productivity initiatives have been focused on a combination of improving operating leverage through targeted cost-reduction programs, business process improvements and portfolio restructuring actions, while at the same time investing in key programs to enhance future growth opportunities.

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Achieving our business objectives requires us to manage a number of key risk areas. Our growth objective of geographic market and service expansion requires us to maintain the consistency and integrity of our information and underlying processes on a global scale, and to invest effectively our capital in technology and infrastructure to keep pace with our clients' demands and our competitors. Our operating footprint across approximately 100 countries requires disciplined global and local resource management of internal and third party providers to ensure success. In addition, our high level of indebtedness requires active management of our debt profile, with a focus on underlying maturities, interest rate risk, liquidity and operating cash flows.

Business Segment Overview

We align our business into two reporting segments: what consumers buy (consumer purchasing measurement and analytics) and what consumers watch and listen to (media audience measurement and analytics). Our Buy and Watch segments are built on a foundation of proprietary data assets that are designed to yield essential insights for our clients to successfully measure, analyze and grow their businesses.

Our Buy segment provides Information services, which include our core tracking and scan data (primarily transactional measurement data and consumer behavior information), and Insights services (primarily comprised of our analytical solutions) to businesses in the consumer packaged goods industry. Our services also enable our clients to better manage their brands, uncover new sources of demand, launch and grow new products, analyze their sales, improve their marketing mix and establish more effective consumer relationships. Our data is used by our clients to measure their market share, tracking billions of sales transactions per month in retail outlets around the world. Our extensive database of retail and consumer information, combined with our advanced analytical capabilities, helps generate strategic insights that influence our clients' key business decisions. Within our Buy segment, we have two primary geographic groups, developed and developing markets. Developed markets primarily include the United States, Canada, Western Europe, Japan and Australia while developing markets include Africa, Latin America, Eastern Europe, Russia, China, India and Southeast Asia.

Our Watch segment provides viewership and listening data and analytics primarily to the media and advertising industries for television, radio, online and mobile viewing and listening platforms. Our Watch data is used by our media clients to understand their audiences, establish the value of their advertising inventory and maximize the value of their content, and by our advertising clients to plan and optimize their spending.

In June 2013, we completed the sale of our Expositions reporting segment (see "Discontinued Operations" discussion included in "Factors Affecting Our Financial Results" for more information). Our condensed consolidated statements of operations reflect the Expositions reporting segment as a discontinued operation.

Certain corporate costs, other than those described above, including those related to selling, finance, legal, human resources, and information technology systems, are considered operating costs and are allocated to our segments based on either the actual amount of costs incurred or on a basis consistent with the operations of the underlying segment.

Factors Affecting Our Financial Results

Acquisitions and Investments in Affiliates

Arbitron Acquisition

On September 30, 2013, we completed the acquisition of Arbitron for a total cash purchase price of $1.3 billion.

We incurred acquisition-related expenses of $1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2013, which primarily consisted of transaction fees, legal, accounting and other professional services that are included in selling, general and administrative expense in the condensed consolidated statement of operations.

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The following unaudited pro forma information presents the consolidated results of operations of us and Arbitron for the three months ended March 31, 2013, as if the acquisition had occurred on January 1, 2013, with pro forma adjustments to give effect to amortization of intangible assets, an increase in interest expense from acquisition financing, and certain other adjustments:

               (IN MILLIONS)    Three Months Ended March 31, 2013
               Revenues        $                             1,432
               Net Income      $                                31

The unaudited pro forma results do not reflect any synergies and are not necessarily indicative of the results that we would have attained had the acquisition of Arbitron been completed as of the beginning of the reporting period.

The Arbitron results of operations are fully reflected in our consolidated results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2014.

Other Acquisitions

For the three months ended March 31, 2014, we paid cash consideration of $184 million associated with both current period and previously executed acquisitions, net of cash acquired. Had such current period acquisitions occurred as of January 1, 2014, the impact on our consolidated results of operations would not have been material.

For the three months ended March 31, 2013, we paid cash consideration of $11 million associated with both current period and previously executed acquisitions, net of cash acquired. Had such current period acquisitions occurred as of January 1, 2013, the impact on our consolidated results of operations would not have been material.

Discontinued Operations

On February 3, 2014, we completed the acquisition of Harris Interactive, Inc., a leading global market research firm, through the purchase of all outstanding shares of Harris Interactive' s common stock for $2.04 per share. Further, in March 2014, we classified the net assets of the Harris Interactive European operations ("Harris Europe") as held for sale. As of March 31, 2014, our condensed consolidated balance sheet included $19 million of assets in prepaid expenses and other current assets and $12 million of liabilities in accounts payable and other current liabilities classified as held for sale related to this business. The condensed consolidated statements of operations reflect the operating results of Harris Europe as a discontinued operation.

In June 2013, we completed the sale of our Expositions business, which operates one of the largest portfolios of business-to-business trade shows and conference events in the United States, for total cash consideration of $950 million and recorded a gain of $290 million, net of tax. The condensed consolidated statements of operations reflect the operating results of this business as a discontinued operation.

In March 2013, we completed the exit and shut down of one of our legacy online businesses and recorded a net loss of $3 million associated with this divestiture. The condensed consolidated statements of operations reflect the operating results of this business as a discontinued operation.

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Summarized results of operations for discontinued operations are as follows:

                                                            Three Months Ended
                                                                 March 31,
    (IN MILLIONS)                                             2014           2013
    Revenue                                               $       5       $    60
    Operating income                                              -            24
    Interest expense                                              -            (5 )
    Income from operations before income taxes                    -            19
    Provision for income taxes                                    -            (7 )
    Income from operations                                        -            12
    Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests           -             -
    Gain on sale, net of tax                                      -             -
    Income from discontinued operations                   $       -       $    12

We allocated a portion of our consolidated interest expense to discontinued operations based upon the ratio of net assets sold as a proportion of consolidated net assets. For the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, interest expense of zero and $5 million, respectively, was allocated to discontinued operations.

Following are the major categories of cash flows from discontinued operations, as included in our condensed consolidated statements of cash flows:

                                                         Three Months Ended
                                                             March 31,
         (IN MILLIONS)                               2014             2013
         Net cash provided by operating activities   $   -         $       16
         Net cash provided by investing activities       -                  -
         Net cash used in financing activities           -                  -
                                                     $   -         $       16

Foreign Currency

Our financial results are reported in U.S. dollars and are therefore subject to the impact of movements in exchange rates on the translation of the financial information of individual businesses whose functional currencies are other than U.S. dollars. Our principal foreign exchange revenue exposure is spread across several currencies, primarily the Euro. The table below sets forth the profile of our revenue by principal currency.

                                          Three Months Ended
                                               March 31,
                                         2014            2013
                    U.S. Dollar               55 %            53 %
                    Euro                      12 %            11 %
                    Other Currencies          33 %            36 %
                    Total                    100 %           100 %

As a result, fluctuations in the value of foreign currencies relative to the U.S. dollar impact our operating results. Impacts associated with fluctuations in foreign currency are discussed in more detail under "Item 3.-Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk." In countries with currencies other than the U.S. dollar, assets and liabilities are translated into U.S. dollars using end-of-period exchange rates; revenues, expenses and cash flows are translated using average rates of exchange. The average U.S. dollar to Euro exchange rate was $1.37 to 1.00 and $1.32 to 1.00 for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. Constant currency growth rates used in the following discussion of results of operations eliminate the impact of year-over-year foreign currency fluctuations.

We have operations in both our Buy and Watch segments in Venezuela and the functional currency for these operations was the Venezuelan Bolivares Fuertes. Venezuela's currency has been considered hyperinflationary since January 1, 2010 and, accordingly, has been denominated in U.S. dollars since January 1, 2010 and will continue to be until Venezuela's currency is deemed to be non-hyperinflationary.

In February 2013, the Venezuelan government devalued its currency by 32%. The official exchange rate moved from 4.30 to 6.30 and the regulated System of Transactions with Securities in Foreign Currency market was suspended. As a result of this change,

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we recorded a charge of $12 million in 2013 in foreign currency exchange transaction losses, net in the condensed consolidated statement of operations primarily reflecting the write-down of monetary assets and liabilities.

Based on recent changes to Venezuelan currency rate mechanisms as of March 31, 2014, we are changing the exchange rate we use to remeasure our Venezuelan Buy and Watch subsidiaries' financial statements in U.S. dollars. As of such date, we began using the exchange rate determined by periodic auctions for U.S. dollars conducted under Venezuela's Complementary System of Foreign Administration ("SICAD l"). As of March 31, 2014, the SICAD l exchange rate was 10.8 bolivars to the U.S. dollar, compared to the official exchange rate of 6.3 bolivars to the U.S. dollar we used previously. As a result of this change, we recorded a charge of $20 million in foreign currency exchange transaction losses, net in the condensed consolidated statement of operations primarily reflecting the write-down of monetary assets and liabilities.

We will continue to assess the appropriate conversion rate based on events in Venezuela and the Company's specific facts and circumstances.

We evaluate our results of operations on both an as reported and a constant currency basis. The constant currency presentation is a non-GAAP financial measure, which excludes the impact of fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. We believe providing constant currency information provides valuable supplemental information regarding our results of operations, consistent with how we evaluate our performance. We calculate constant currency percentages by converting our prior-period local currency financial results using the current period foreign currency exchange rates and comparing these adjusted amounts to our current period reported results. This calculation may differ from similarly-titled measures used by others and, accordingly, the constant currency presentation is not meant to be a substitution for recorded amounts presented in conformity with GAAP nor should such amounts be considered in isolation.

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