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ISCA > SEC Filings for ISCA > Form 10-Q on 9-Apr-2014All Recent SEC Filings

Show all filings for INTERNATIONAL SPEEDWAY CORP

Form 10-Q for INTERNATIONAL SPEEDWAY CORP


9-Apr-2014

Quarterly Report


ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Results of Operations
General
The general nature of our business is a motorsports themed amusement enterprise, furnishing amusement to the public in the form of motorsports themed entertainment. We derive revenues primarily from (i) admissions to motorsports events and motorsports themed amusement activities held at our facilities,
(ii) revenue generated in conjunction with or as a result of motorsports events and motorsports themed amusement activities conducted at our facilities, and
(iii) catering, concession and merchandising services during or as a result of these events and amusement activities. "Admissions, net" revenue includes ticket sales for all of our racing events and other motorsports activities and amusements, net of any applicable taxes. "Motorsports related" revenue primarily includes television and ancillary media rights fees, promotion and sponsorship fees, hospitality rentals (including luxury suites, chalets and the hospitality portion of club seating), advertising revenues, royalties from licenses of our trademarks, parking and camping revenues, and track rental fees. "Food, beverage and merchandise" revenue includes revenues from concession stands, direct sales of souvenirs, hospitality catering, programs and other merchandise and fees paid by third party vendors for the right to occupy space to sell souvenirs and concessions at our motorsports entertainment facilities. Direct expenses include (i) prize and point fund monies and National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing's ("NASCAR") sanction fees, (ii) motorsports related expenses, which include labor, advertising, costs of competition paid to sanctioning bodies other than NASCAR and other expenses associated with the promotion of all of our motorsports events and activities, and (iii) food, beverage and merchandise expenses, consisting primarily of labor and costs of goods sold.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. While our estimates and assumptions are based on conditions existing at and trends leading up to the time the estimates and assumptions are made, actual results could differ materially from those estimates and assumptions. We continually review our accounting policies, how they are applied and how they are reported and disclosed in the financial statements. The following is a summary of our critical accounting policies and estimates and how they are applied in the preparation of the financial statements. Basis of Presentation and Consolidation. We consolidate all entities we control by ownership of a majority voting interest and variable interest entities for which we have the power to direct activities and the obligation to absorb losses. Our judgment in determining if we consolidate a variable interest entity includes assessing which party, if any, has the power and benefits. Therefore, we evaluate which activities most significantly affect the variable interest entities economic performance and determine whether we, or another party, have the power to direct these activities.
We apply the equity method of accounting for our investments in joint ventures and other investees whenever we can exert significant influence on the investee but do not have effective control over the investee. Our consolidated net income includes our share of the net earnings or losses from these investees. Our judgment regarding the level of influence over each equity method investee includes considering factors such as our ownership interest, board representation and policy making decisions. We periodically evaluate these equity investments for potential impairment where a decline in value is determined to be other than temporary. We eliminate all significant intercompany transactions from financial results.
Revenue Recognition. Advance ticket sales and event-related revenues for future events are deferred until earned, which is generally once the events are conducted. The recognition of event-related expenses is matched with the recognition of event-related revenues.
NASCAR contracts directly with certain network providers for television rights to the entire NASCAR Sprint Cup, Nationwide and Camping World Truck series schedules. Event promoters share in the television rights fees in accordance with the provision of the sanction agreement for each NASCAR Sprint Cup, Nationwide and Camping World Truck series event. Under the terms of this arrangement, NASCAR retains 10.0 percent of the gross broadcast rights fees allocated to each NASCAR Sprint Cup,


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Nationwide and Camping World Truck series event as a component of its sanction fees. The promoter records 90.0 percent of the gross broadcast rights fees as revenue and then records 25.0 percent of the gross broadcast rights fees as part of its awards to the competitors. Ultimately, the promoter retains 65.0 percent of the net cash proceeds from the gross broadcast rights fees allocated to the event.
Our revenues from marketing partnerships are paid in accordance with negotiated contracts, with the identities of partners and the terms of sponsorship changing from time to time. Some of our marketing partnership agreements are for multiple facilities and/or events and include multiple specified elements, such as tickets, hospitality chalets, suites, display space and signage for each included event. The allocation of such marketing partnership revenues between the multiple elements, events and facilities is based on relative selling price. The sponsorship revenue allocated to an event is recognized when the event is conducted.
Revenues and related costs from the sale of merchandise to retail customers, internet sales and direct sales to dealers are recognized at the time of sale. Business Combinations. All business combinations are accounted for under the acquisition method. Whether net assets or common stock is acquired, fair values are determined and assigned to the purchased assets and assumed liabilities of the acquired entity. The excess of the cost of the acquisition over fair value of the net assets acquired (including recognized intangibles) is recorded as goodwill. Business combinations involving existing motorsports entertainment facilities commonly result in a significant portion of the purchase price being allocated to the fair value of the contract-based intangible asset associated with long-term relationships manifest in the sanction agreements with sanctioning bodies, such as NASCAR and Grand American Road Racing Association ("Grand American") series. The continuity of sanction agreements with these bodies has historically enabled the facility operator to host motorsports events year after year. While individual sanction agreements may be of terms as short as one year, a significant portion of the purchase price in excess of the fair value of acquired tangible assets is commonly paid to acquire anticipated future cash flows from events promoted pursuant to these agreements which are expected to continue for the foreseeable future and therefore, in accordance with ASC 805-50, "Business Combinations," are recorded as indefinite-lived intangible assets recognized apart from goodwill.
Capitalization and Depreciation Policies. Property and equipment are stated at cost. Maintenance and repairs that neither materially add to the value of the property nor appreciably prolong its life are charged to expense as incurred. Depreciation and amortization for financial statement purposes are provided on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets. When we construct assets, we capitalize costs of the project, including, but not limited to, certain pre-acquisition costs, permitting costs, fees paid to architects and contractors, certain costs of our design and construction subsidiary, property taxes and interest.
We must make estimates and assumptions when accounting for capital expenditures. Whether an expenditure is considered an operating expense or a capital asset is a matter of judgment. When constructing or purchasing assets, we must determine whether existing assets are being replaced or otherwise impaired, which also is a matter of judgment. Our depreciation expense for financial statement purposes is highly dependent on the assumptions we make about our assets' estimated useful lives. We determine the estimated useful lives based upon our experience with similar assets, industry, legal and regulatory factors, and our expectations of the usage of the asset. Whenever events or circumstances occur which change the estimated useful life of an asset, we account for the change prospectively.
Interest costs associated with major development and construction projects are capitalized as part of the cost of the project. Interest is typically capitalized on amounts expended using the weighted-average cost of our outstanding borrowings, since we typically do not borrow funds directly related to a development or construction project. We capitalize interest on a project when development or construction activities begin, and cease when such activities are substantially complete or are suspended for more than a brief period.
Impairment of Long-lived Assets, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets. Our consolidated balance sheets include significant amounts of long-lived assets, goodwill and other intangible assets which could be subject to impairment. As of February 28, 2014, goodwill and other intangible assets and property and equipment accounts for approximately $1.6 billion, or 75.7 percent of our total assets. We account for our goodwill and other intangible assets in accordance with ASC 350, "Intangibles - Goodwill and Other," and for our long-lived assets in accordance with ASC 360, "Property, Plant and Equipment." We follow applicable authoritative guidance on accounting for goodwill and other intangible assets which specifies, among other things, non-amortization of goodwill and other intangible assets with indefinite useful lives and requires testing for possible impairment, either upon the occurrence of an impairment indicator or at least annually. We complete our annual testing in our fiscal fourth quarter, based on assumptions regarding our future business outlook and expected future discounted cash flows attributable to such assets (using the fair value assessment provision of applicable authoritative guidance), supported by quoted market prices or comparable transactions where available or applicable.
While we continue to review and analyze many factors that can impact our business prospects in the future (as further described in "Risk Factors"), our analysis is subjective and is based on conditions existing at, and trends leading up to, the time


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the estimates and assumptions are made. Different conditions or assumptions, or changes in cash flows or profitability, if significant, could have a material adverse effect on the outcome of the impairment evaluation and our future condition or results of operations. The adverse economic trends of the most recent recession, which impacted credit availability, consumer confidence and unemployment levels, contributed to the decrease in attendance related, as well as corporate partner, revenues for certain of our motorsports events. Despite this, we believe there has been no significant change in the long-term fundamentals of our ongoing motorsports event business. We believe our present operational and cash flow outlook further support our conclusion.
In connection with our fiscal 2013 assessment of goodwill and intangible assets for possible impairment we used the methodology described above. We believe our methods used to determine fair value and evaluate possible impairment were appropriate, relevant, and represent methods customarily available and used for such purposes. Our latest annual assessment of goodwill and other intangible assets in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2013 indicated there had been no impairment and the fair value substantially exceeded the carrying value for the respective reporting units.
In addition, our growth strategy includes investing in certain joint venture opportunities. In these equity investments we exert significant influence on the investee but do not have effective control over the investee, which adds an additional element of risk that can adversely impact our financial position and results of operations. The carrying value of our equity investments was $131.4 million at February 28, 2014.
Income Taxes. The tax law requires that certain items be included in our tax return at different times than when these items are reflected in our consolidated financial statements. Some of these differences are permanent, such as expenses not deductible on our tax return. However, some differences reverse over time, such as depreciation expense, and these temporary differences create deferred tax assets and liabilities. Our estimates of deferred income taxes and the significant items giving rise to deferred tax assets and liabilities reflect our assessment of actual future taxes to be paid on items reflected in our financial statements, giving consideration to both timing and probability of realization. Actual income taxes could vary significantly from these estimates due to future changes in income tax law or changes or adjustments resulting from final review of our tax returns by taxing authorities, which could also adversely impact our cash flow.
In the ordinary course of business, there are many transactions and calculations where the ultimate tax outcome is uncertain. Accruals for uncertain tax positions are provided for in accordance with the requirements of ASC 740, "Income Taxes." Under this guidance, we may recognize the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefits recognized in the financial statements from such a position should be measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than 50.0 percent likelihood of being realized upon the ultimate settlement. This interpretation also provides guidance on de-recognition of income tax assets and liabilities, classification of current and deferred income tax assets and liabilities, accounting for interest and penalties associated with tax positions, and income tax disclosures. Judgment is required in assessing the future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in our financial statements or tax returns. Although we believe the estimates are reasonable, no assurance can be given that the final outcome of these matters will not be different than what is reflected in the historical income tax provisions and accruals. Such differences could have a material impact on the income tax provision and operating results in the period in which such determination is made.
Contingent Liabilities. Our determination of the treatment of contingent liabilities in the financial statements is based on our view of the expected outcome of the applicable contingency. In the ordinary course of business, we consult with legal counsel on matters related to litigation and other experts both within and outside our Company. We accrue a liability if the likelihood of an adverse outcome is probable and the amount of loss is reasonably estimable. We disclose the matter but do not accrue a liability if the likelihood of an adverse outcome is reasonably possible and an estimate of loss is not determinable. Legal and other costs incurred in conjunction with loss contingencies are expensed as incurred.
Equity and Other Investments
Hollywood Casino at Kansas Speedway
Kansas Entertainment, LLC, ("Kansas Entertainment") a 50/50 joint venture of Penn Hollywood Kansas, Inc. ("Penn"), a subsidiary of Penn National Gaming, Inc. and Kansas Speedway Development Corporation ("KSDC"), a wholly owned indirect subsidiary of ISC, operates the Hollywood-themed casino and branded destination entertainment facility, overlooking turn two at Kansas Speedway. Penn is the managing member of Kansas Entertainment and is responsible for the operations of the casino.
We have accounted for Kansas Entertainment as an equity investment in our financial statements as of February 28, 2013 and 2014. Our 50.0 percent portion of Kansas Entertainment's net income is approximately $1.0 million and $1.6 million for the three months ended February 28, 2013 and 2014, respectively, and is included in equity in net income from equity investments in our consolidated statements of operations.


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Distributions from Kansas Entertainment, for the three months ended February 28, 2014, totaling $4.5 million, consists of $1.9 million received as a distribution from its profits, and is included in net cash provided by operating activities on our statement of cash flows, and the remaining $2.6 million received, which was recognized as a return of capital from investing activities on our statement of cash flows. Distributions from Kansas Entertainment, for the three months ended February 28, 2013, totaling $4.5 million, was recognized as a return of capital from investing activities on our statement of cash flows. Subsequent to February 28, 2014, we received an additional distribution of approximately $5.5 million.
Motorsports Authentics
Prior to January 31, 2014, the Company was partners with Speedway Motorsports, Inc. ("SMI") in a 50/50 joint venture, SMISC, LLC, which, through its wholly owned subsidiary Motorsports Authentics, LLC conducts business under the name Motorsports Authentics ("MA"). MA designs, promotes, markets and distributes motorsports licensed merchandise. On January 31, 2014, SMI abandoned its interest and rights in SMISC, LLC, consequently bringing the Company's ownership to 100.0 percent. MA's operations are included in the Company's consolidated operations subsequent to the date of SMI's abandonment. Prior to January 31, 2014, MA was accounted for as an equity investment in the Company's financial statements.
As a result of SMI's abandonment of their interest in SMISC, LLC, we recorded other income of approximately $5.4 million, representing the fair value of MA, over the carrying value, as of January 31, 2014. In addition, we recognized a tax benefit of approximately $1.8 million, representing the benefit associated with various operating loss carryforwards of MA that are expected to be realized in its consolidated tax filings in the future. MA's income, subsequent to consolidation, was immaterial.
Prior to the SMI abandonment of SMISC, LLC, we did not recognize any equity income in prior periods, as MA operated at breakeven. Staten Island Property
On August 5, 2013, we announced that we sold our 676 acre parcel of property located in Staten Island, New York, to Staten Island Marine Development, LLC ("Marine Development"). Marine Development purchased 100 percent of the outstanding equity membership interests of 380 Development LLC ("380 Development"), a wholly owned indirect subsidiary of ISC and owner of the Staten Island property, for a total sales price of $80.0 million. In addition, we previously received approximately $4.2 million for an option provided to the purchaser that is nonrefundable and does not apply to the $80.0 million sales price.
We received $7.5 million, less closing and other administrative costs, of the sales price at closing. The remaining sales price was financed with us holding a secured mortgage interest in 380 Development as well as the underlying property. The mortgage balance bears interest at an annual rate of 7.0 percent. In accordance with the terms of the agreement, we received approximately $6.1 million plus interest on this mortgage balance in February 2014, and we will receive the remaining purchase price of $66.4 million, due March 5, 2016. Interest on the latter mortgage balance will be paid 12 months after closing and then quarterly, in arrears. Based on the level of Marine Development's initial investment at closing and continuing investment, we have accounted for the transaction using the cost recovery method and has deferred the recognition of profit of $1.9 million, and accrued interest totaling approximately $0.7 million at February 28, 2014, until the carrying amount of the property is recovered, which will not be until the final payment is made.
As a result of the sale, we expect to receive a cash tax benefit of approximately $41.9 million, based on our current corporate tax rate. This cash tax benefit, when combined with the net proceeds from the sale total approximately $118.0 million in incremental cash flow as a result of the sale. Income Taxes
Our effective income tax rate of 39.2 percent for the three months ended February 28, 2013, approximated the statutory income tax rate. The tax treatment related to the other income recognized as a result of SMI's abandonment of their interest in SMISC, LLC along with the tax benefit of approximately $1.8 million, representing the benefit associated with various operating loss carryforwards of MA are the principal causes of the decreased effective income tax rate for the three months ended February 28, 2014. As a result of these items, our effective income tax rate is approximately 24.4 percent for the three months ended February 28, 2014.
Future Trends in Operating Results
International Speedway Corporation is the leading owner of major motorsports entertainment facilities and promoter of motorsports-themed entertainment activities in the United States. We compete for discretionary spending and leisure time with many other entertainment alternatives and are subject to factors that generally affect the recreation, leisure and sports industry, including general economic conditions. Our operations are also sensitive to factors that affect corporate budgets. Such factors include, but are not limited to, general economic conditions, employment levels, business conditions, interest and taxation rates, relative commodity prices, and changes in consumer tastes and spending habits.


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The unprecedented adverse economic trends, which significantly impacted consumer confidence and disproportionately affected different demographics of our target customers, have influenced the frequency with which guests attended our major motorsports entertainment events. Recurring uncertainty in regional economic conditions and further weakening in the economy may adversely impact attendance levels, guest spending levels, and our ability to secure corporate marketing partnerships in the future. Reductions in any of these categories can directly and negatively affect revenues and profitability. Beginning in 2009 we mitigated the decline of certain revenue categories with sustainable cost containment initiatives. Beginning in 2012, we re-instituted merit pay increases to more normalized levels. Certain non-controllable costs, such as NASCAR sanction fees, have increased this year and we may continue to experience incremental increases. While we are sustaining the significant cost reductions previously implemented, we do not expect further significant cost reductions.
Looking ahead, we expect to benefit from the continuing, albeit uneven, recovery in the overall U.S. economy, which we anticipate will improve attendance-related and corporate partnership revenues. Our industry will further benefit from NASCAR having recently secured its broadcast rights through the 2024 season with the largest broadcast rights deal in the sport's 65-year history. Broadcast rights represent our largest revenue segment and having this contracted revenue will provide us unparalleled long-term cash flow visibility. Also we believe the initiatives we and the motorsports industry are undertaking to grow the sport will ensure the long-term health of our company. Admissions
Achieving event sellouts and creating excess demand are crucial to the optimal performance of our major motorsports facilities that host NASCAR Sprint Cup Series events. An important component of our operating strategy has been our long-standing practice of focusing on supply and demand when evaluating ticket pricing and adjusting capacity at our facilities. By effectively managing both ticket prices and seating capacity, we have historically shown the ability to stimulate ticket renewals and advance ticket sales.
Advance ticket sales result in earlier cash flow and reduce the potential negative impact of actual, as well as forecasted, inclement weather. With any ticketing initiative, we first examine our ticket pricing structure for each segmented area within our major motorsports entertainment facilities to ensure prices are on target with market demand. When determined necessary, we adjust ticket pricing. We believe our ticket pricing is consistent with current demand, providing attractive price points for all income levels.
It is important that we maintain the integrity of our ticket pricing model by ensuring our customers who purchase tickets during the renewal period get preferential pricing. We do not adjust pricing downward inside of the sales cycle to avoid rewarding last-minute ticket buyers by discounting tickets. Further, we closely monitor and manage the availability of promotional tickets. All of these factors could have a detrimental effect on our ticket pricing model and long-term value of our business. We believe it is more important to encourage advance ticket sales and maintain price integrity to achieve long-term growth than to capture short-term incremental revenue at the expense of our customers who purchased tickets during the renewal period. We continue to implement innovative ticket pricing strategies whereby prices increase over time as well as price increases week of/day of races to capture incremental revenues. Adjusting seating capacity is another strategy to promote sellouts, create excess demand and in turn increase capacity utilization at our major motorsports facilities. Over the past few years, we have reduced capacity at our major motorsports facilities. A significant portion of the capacity reduction was a result of providing improved fan amenities such as wider seating and creating social zones that provide sufficient engagement for our guests, while removing sections that do not provide adequate site lines. Based on experience and the evolution of modern sports facilities, ticket demand depends, in part, on creating a more personal experience for the fans. Enhancing the live event experience for our fans is a critical strategy for our future growth. Other benefits of creating stronger fan engagement that may come from capacity management include better pricing power for our events; increasing tickets sold in the renewal cycle; increasing customer retention; driving attendance to our lead-in events, such as NASCAR's Nationwide and Camping World Truck series events; driving stronger interest from corporate sponsors; and a more visually compelling event for the television audience.
Other areas of focus to build fan engagement include providing enhanced audio and visual experiences, additional concession and merchandise points-of-sale, more social zones and greater social connectivity. We will continue to monitor market demand and sports entertainment best-in-class amenities, which could further impact how we manage capacity and spend capital at our major motorsports facilities.
The industry and its stakeholders are committed to growing the sport and have aligned with NASCAR as it executes its five-year Industry Action Plan ("IAP") to connect with existing fans, as well as engage Gen Y, youth and multicultural consumers in motorsports. Additional areas of focus within the IAP, supported by . . .

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