Search the web
Welcome, Guest
[Sign Out, My Account]
EDGAR_Online

Quotes & Info
Enter Symbol(s):
e.g. YHOO, ^DJI
Symbol Lookup | Financial Search
MPW > SEC Filings for MPW > Form 10-K on 3-Mar-2014All Recent SEC Filings

Show all filings for MEDICAL PROPERTIES TRUST INC

Form 10-K for MEDICAL PROPERTIES TRUST INC


3-Mar-2014

Annual Report


ITEM 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation

Unless otherwise indicated, references to "our," "we" and "us" in this management's discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations refer to Medical Properties Trust, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries, including MPT Operating Partnership, L.P.

Overview

We were incorporated in Maryland on August 27, 2003, primarily for the purpose of investing in and owning net-leased healthcare facilities. We also make real estate mortgage loans and other loans to our tenants. We conduct our business operations in one segment. With the acquisition of properties in Germany in November 2013, we now have healthcare investments in the United States and Europe. We have operated as a REIT since April 6, 2004, and accordingly, elected REIT status upon the filing of our calendar year 2004 United States Federal income tax return. Our existing tenants are, and our prospective tenants will generally be, healthcare operating companies and other healthcare providers that use substantial real estate assets in their operations. We offer financing for these operators' real estate through 100% lease and mortgage financing and generally seek lease and loan terms on a long-term basis ranging from 10 to 15 years with a series of shorter renewal terms at the option of our tenants and borrowers. We also have included and intend to include in our lease and loan agreements annual contractual minimum rate increases. Our existing portfolio minimum escalators range from 0.5% to 4%, while a limited number of our properties do not have an escalator. Most of our leases and loans also include rate increases based on the general rate of inflation if greater than the minimum contractual increases. In addition to rent or mortgage interest, our leases and loans typically require our tenants to pay all operating costs and expenses associated with the facility. Some leases also require our tenants to pay percentage rents, which are based on the level of those tenants' revenues from their operations. Finally, we may acquire a profits or other equity interest in our tenants (which we refer to as RIDEA investments) that gives us a right to share in the tenant's income or loss.

We selectively make loans to certain of our operators through our taxable REIT subsidiaries, which they use for acquisitions and working capital. We consider our lending business an important element of our overall business strategy for two primary reasons: (1) it provides opportunities to make income-earning investments that yield attractive risk-adjusted returns in an industry in which our management has expertise, and (2) by making debt capital available to certain qualified operators, we believe we create for our company a competitive advantage over other buyers of, and financing sources for, healthcare facilities.

At December 31, 2013, our portfolio consisted of 107 properties: 90 facilities (of the 98 facilities that we own) are leased to 24 operators, eight are under development, and nine are in the form of mortgage loans to four operators.

2013 Highlights

In 2013, we leveraged our expertise in healthcare real estate, finance and operations to continue executing our strategy to grow and diversify our portfolio of hospital-only investments. We expanded total assets by 33%, increased revenues by 22%, and completed our first international acquisition.

A summary of the 2013 highlights is as follows:

Acquired real estate assets, entered into development agreements, entered into leases and made new loan investments, totaling more than $700 million as noted below:

Completed the 184 million acquisition of 11 German facilities in a sale/leaseback transaction with a new tenant to us, valued at approximately $250 million (including transfer taxes of $12 million). This acquisition expanded both our geographic and tenant diversity;


Table of Contents
Index to Financial Statements
Completed the $281.3 million acquisition of the real estate of three general acute care hospitals from affiliates of IASIS Healthcare LLC ("IASIS") via a sale/leaseback transaction;

Acquired the real estate of Esplanade Rehab Hospital in Corpus Christi, Texas (now operating as Corpus Christi Rehabilitation Hospital) for $15.8 million, which will be leased to Ernest under the 2012 master lease;

Acquired the real estate of two acute care hospitals in Kansas from affiliates of Prime for a combined purchase price of $75 million. These properties will be leased to Prime pursuant to the master lease agreements;

Commenced construction of several facilities pursuant to a master funding and development agreement with First Choice Emergency Room, LLC ("First Choice") to develop up to 25 free standing emergency rooms. One of these facilities was completed in the fourth quarter of 2013. At December 31, 2013, six other facilities were under construction.;

Financed the development of inpatient rehabilitation facilities in South Ogden, Utah and Post Falls, Idaho for a total of $33.5 million, which will be leased to Ernest under the 2012 master lease; and

Provided a $20 million mortgage financing to Alecto Healthcare Services for the 204-bed Olympia Medical Center.

With these new investments, many of our diversification metrics have improveds including:

Individual property diversification - On an individual property basis, we had no investment of any single property greater than 3.9% of our total assets as of December 31, 2013, down from 4.6% as of December 31, 2012.

Geographic diversification - Investments located in California represented 18.7% of our total assets at December 31, 2013, down from 24.0% in the prior year. Investments located in Texas represented 22.7% of our total assets at December 31, 2013, down from 23.6% in the prior year. In addition, we further expanded our portfolio into Europe with the RHM portfolio acquisition (as fully described in Note 3 in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K)

Sold the real estate of an inpatient rehabilitation facility, Warm Springs Rehabilitation Hospital of San Antonio, for $14 million, resulting in a gain on sale of $5.6 million;

Sold two long-term acute care hospitals in Texas and Arizona, CHG Cornerstone Hospital of Houston, L.P. and Cornerstone Hospital of Southeast Arizona, for total cash proceeds of $18.5 million, resulting in a $2.1 million gain on the sale.

Issued $150 million of unsecured notes (as a tack on to the 2012 unsecured senior notes), completed a 200 million euro-denominated (approximately $275 million) long-term fixed rate debt transaction at an annual coupon of 5.75%, and raised $313 million in equity to fund our acquisition activity above.

2012 Highlights

In 2012, we achieved a number of important milestones, including increasing our assets beyond the $2 billion mark, driving revenues above $200 million and exceeding any previous year's investment total. A summary of the 2012 highlights is as follows:

Acquired real estate assets, entered into development agreements, entered into leases, made new loan investments, made RIDEA investments and committed to new development projects totaling more than $800 million as noted below:

Made loans to and acquired assets from Ernest for a combined purchase price and investment of $396.5 million, consisting of $200 million to purchase real estate assets, a first mortgage loan of $100 million, and $96.5 million in RIDEA investments made up of an acquisition loan for $93.2 million and an equity contribution of $3.3 million. This acquisition was the single largest investment ever made by us and included our largest RIDEA investment. With this acquisition, we took ownership of 16 new facilities and opened opportunities for future growth;


Table of Contents
Index to Financial Statements
Funded a $100 million mortgage loan secured by the real property of Centinela Hospital Medical Center. Centinela is a 369 bed acute care facility that is operated by Prime. This mortgage loan is subject to cross-default with other mortgage loans to Prime and certain master lease agreements;

Acquired the real estate of the 380 bed St. Mary's Regional Medical Center, an acute care hospital in Reno, Nevada for $80 million and the real estate of the 140-bed Roxborough Memorial Hospital in Pennsylvania for $30 million. The acquired facilities are leased to Prime pursuant to master lease agreements.

Acquired the real estate of a 40-bed long-term acute care hospital in Hammond, Louisiana for $10.5 million and leased the facility to the operator under a 15-year lease. As part of this transaction, we made a secured working capital loan of $2.5 million as well as a revolving loan of up to $2.0 million. In addition, we have made a $2.0 million RIDEA investment for a 25% equity ownership in the operator of this facility.

Entered into an agreement to develop and lease an acute care facility in Altoona, Wisconsin for $33.5 million, which will be leased to National Surgical Hospitals. The facility is expected to be completed in the third quarter of 2014.

Agreed to fund the construction of an inpatient rehabilitation hospital in Spartanburg, South Carolina that will be operated by Ernest. This facility opened in the third quarter of 2013.

Entered into an agreement with Ernest to develop and lease a 40-bed rehabilitation hospital in Lafayette, Indiana, which opened in the 2013 first quarter.

Amended the current lease on our Victoria, Texas facility with Post Acute Medical to extend the current lease term to 2028, and we agreed to develop and lease a 26-bed facility next to the existing facility. The new facility was completed in the fourth quarter of 2013.

Committed to fund $100 million to First Choice ER, LLC in development financing for up to 25 freestanding emergency room facilities.

Signed our lead tenant for the Twelve Oaks property representing approximately 55% of the building. Operations commenced for this tenant in January 2013;

Restructured our investments with Prime whereby all of our leases are now under one master lease. In addition to the security that a master lease provides, we improved the annual rental escalation provisions on our Prime properties.

Sold the real estate of two long-term acute care facilities, Thornton and New Bedford, to Vibra for total cash proceeds of $42 million. The sale of Thornton was completed on September 28, 2012, resulting in a gain of $8.4 million. The sale of New Bedford was completed on October 22, 2012, resulting in a gain of approximately $7 million; and

Established a $100 million term loan facility, issued $220 million of unsecured notes, and $220 million in equity and increased our revolving credit facility by $70 million for the purpose of funding our acquisition activity above.

2011 Highlights

In 2011, our primary business goals were to continue our growth pattern, improve diversification of our portfolio, recapitalize our balance sheet with longer-term unsecured debt, and increase our access to liquidity. We took the following actions to achieve these goals, among others:

Acquired real estate assets, entered into leases, made new loan investments and obtained RIDEA investments in several tenants totaling approximately $330 million as noted below:

Gilbert Hospital real estate - a 19-bed, 4-year old general acute care facility located in a suburb of Phoenix, Arizona for $17.1 million. We acquired this asset subject to an existing lease that expires in May 2022.


Table of Contents
Index to Financial Statements
Atrium Medical Center at Corinth real estate - a 60-bed long-term acute care facility in the Dallas area for $23.5 million. Facility is subject to a lease that expires in June 2024. In addition, through one of our affiliates, we invested $1.3 million to acquire a 10% interest in the operations of the facility. We also made a $5.2 million working capital loan.

Bayonne Medical Center real estate - a 6-story, 278-bed acute care hospital in the New Jersey area of metropolitan New York for $58 million. Facility will be leased to the operator under a 15-year lease.

Alvarado Hospital real estate - a 306-bed general acute care facility in San Diego, California for $70 million. This facility will be leased to the operator under a 10-year lease.

Northland LTACH Hospital real estate - a 35-bed long-term acute care facility located in Kansas City for $19.5 million. We acquired this asset subject to an existing lease that expires in 2028.

Vibra Specialty Hospital of DeSoto real estate - a 40-bed long-term acute care facility in Desoto, Texas for $13.0 million. This facility will be leased for a fixed term of 15 years. In addition, we have made a $2.5 million equity investment in the operator of this facility for a 25% equity ownership.

New Braunfels real estate - a 40-bed long-term acute care facility in New Braunfels, Texas for $10.0 million. This facility will be leased for a fixed term of 15 years. In addition, we have made a $1.4 million equity investment for a 25% equity ownership in the operator of this facility and funded a $2.0 million working capital loan.

Emerus development project - entered into agreements with a joint venture of Emerus Holding, Inc. and Baptist Health System, to acquire, provide for development funding and lease three acute care hospitals for $30.0 million in the suburban markets of San Antonio, Texas. The three facilities will be leased under a master lease structure with an initial term of 15 years and three five-year extension options. One of these facilities opened in October 2012, and the other two opened in the 2013 first quarter.

Hoboken University Medical Center real estate - a 350-bed acute care facility located in Hoboken, New Jersey. The total investment for this transaction was $75.0 million, comprising $50.0 million for the acquisition of the real estate, a secured working capital loan of $15.1 million, and the purchase of a $5.0 million convertible note which provides us with the option to acquire up to 25% of the hospital operator which we converted $1.6 million into a 9.9% equity interest in the 2012 first quarter . The lease with the tenant has an initial term of 15 years.

Substantially modified our credit profile by refinancing most of our secured debt with unsecured debt by issuing $450 million of senior unsecured notes with a fixed rate of 6.875% due in 2021. In connection with these notes, we amended our existing credit agreement to go unsecured on our revolving credit facility, extend the maturity to October 2015 and lowered our interest rate spread.

Sold our Morgantown and Sherman Oaks facilities for $41 million, resulting in gains of $5.4 million.

With the financing activities and property sales noted above, we funded our 2011 acquisition activity as well as paid off certain loans (including the remaining portion of our 2006 Exchangeable notes) and extended our debt maturities.

Critical Accounting Policies

In order to prepare financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, we must make estimates about certain types of transactions and account balances. We believe that our estimates of the amount and timing of our revenues, credit losses, fair values (either as part of a purchase price allocation, impairment analysis or in valuing certain of our Ernest investments), periodic depreciation of our real estate assets, and stock compensation expense, along with our assessment as to whether an entity that we


Table of Contents
Index to Financial Statements

do business with should be consolidated with our results, have significant effects on our financial statements. Each of these items involves estimates that require us to make subjective judgments. We rely on our experience, collect historical and current market data, and develop relevant assumptions to arrive at what we believe to be reasonable estimates. Under different conditions or assumptions, materially different amounts could be reported related to the critical accounting policies described below. In addition, application of these critical accounting policies involves the exercise of judgment on the use of assumptions as to future uncertainties and, as a result, actual results could materially differ from these estimates. Our accounting estimates include the following:

Revenue Recognition: We receive income from operating leases based on the fixed, minimum required rents (base rents) per the lease agreements. Rent revenue from base rents is recorded on the straight-line method over the terms of the related lease agreements for new leases and the remaining terms of existing leases for acquired properties. The straight-line method records the periodic average amount of base rent earned over the term of a lease, taking into account contractual rent increases over the lease term. The straight-line method typically has the effect of recording more rent revenue from a lease than a tenant is required to pay early in the term of the lease. During the later parts of a lease term, this effect reverses with less rent revenue recorded than a tenant is required to pay. Rent revenue as recorded on the straight-line method in the consolidated statements of income is presented as two amounts: billed rent revenue and straight-line revenue. Billed rent revenue is the amount of base rent actually billed to the customer each period as required by the lease. Straight-line rent revenue is the difference between rent revenue earned based on the straight-line method and the amount recorded as billed rent revenue. We record the difference between base rent revenues earned and amounts due per the respective lease agreements, as applicable, as an increase or decrease to straight-line rent receivable.

Certain leases provide for additional rents contingent upon a percentage of the tenant's revenues in excess of specified base amount/threshold (percentage rents). Percentage rents are recognized in the period in which revenue thresholds are met. Rental payments received prior to their recognition as income are classified as deferred revenue. We also receive additional rent (contingent rent) under some leases based on increases in the consumer price index or where the consumer price index exceeds the annual minimum percentage increase in the lease. Contingent rents are recorded as billed rent revenue in the period earned.

We use direct finance lease accounting ("DFL") to record rent on certain leases deemed to be financing leases rather than operating leases. For leases accounted for as DFLs, future minimum lease payments are recorded as a receivable. The difference between the future minimum lease payments and the estimated residual values less the cost of the properties is recorded as unearned income. Unearned income is deferred and amortized to income over the lease terms to provide a constant yield when collectability of the lease payments is reasonably assured. Investments in DFLs are presented net of unamortized and unearned income.

In instances where we have a profits or equity interest in our tenant's operations, we record income equal to our percentage interest of the tenant's profits, as defined in the lease or tenant's operating agreements, once annual thresholds, if any, are met.

We begin recording base rent income from our development projects when the lessee takes physical possession of the facility, which may be different from the stated start date of the lease. Also, during construction of our development projects, we are generally entitled to accrue rent based on the cost paid during the construction period (construction period rent). We accrue construction period rent as a receivable and deferred revenue during the construction period. When the lessee takes physical possession of the facility, we begin recognizing the accrued construction period rent on the straight-line method over the remaining term of the lease.

We receive interest income from our tenants/borrowers on mortgage loans, working capital loans, and other long-term loans. Interest income from these loans is recognized as earned based upon the principal outstanding and terms of the loans.


Table of Contents
Index to Financial Statements

Commitment fees received from development and leasing services for lessees are initially recorded as deferred revenue and recognized as income over the initial term of a lease to produce a constant effective yield on the lease (interest method). Commitment and origination fees from lending services are also recorded as deferred revenue and recognized as income over the life of the loan using the interest method.

Investments in Real Estate: We record investments in real estate at cost, and we capitalize improvements and replacements when they extend the useful life or improve the efficiency of the asset. While our tenants are generally responsible for all operating costs at a facility, to the extent that we incur costs of repairs and maintenance, we expense those costs as incurred. We compute depreciation using the straight-line method over the weighted-average useful life of approximately 38 years for buildings and improvements.

When circumstances indicate a possible impairment of the value of our real estate investments, we review the recoverability of the facility's carrying value. The review of the recoverability is generally based on our estimate of the future undiscounted cash flows, excluding interest charges, from the facility's use and eventual disposition. Our forecast of these cash flows considers factors such as expected future operating income, market and other applicable trends, and residual value, as well as the effects of leasing demand, competition and other factors. If impairment exists due to the inability to recover the carrying value of a facility on an undiscounted basis, an impairment loss is recorded to the extent that the carrying value exceeds the estimated fair value of the facility. We do not believe that the value of any of our facilities was impaired at December 31, 2013; however, given the highly specialized aspects of our properties no assurance can be given that future impairment charges will not be taken.

Acquired Real Estate Purchase Price Allocation: We allocate the purchase price of acquired properties to net tangible and identified intangible assets acquired based on their fair values. In making estimates of fair values for purposes of allocating purchase prices of acquired real estate, we utilize a number of sources, including independent appraisals that may be obtained in connection with the acquisition or financing of the respective property and other market data. We also consider information obtained about each property as a result of our pre-acquisition due diligence, marketing and leasing activities in estimating the fair value of the tangible and intangible assets acquired.

We record above-market and below-market in-place lease values, if any, for the facilities we own which are based on the present value of the difference between
(i) the contractual amounts to be paid pursuant to the in-place leases and
(ii) management's estimate of fair market lease rates for the corresponding in-place leases, measured over a period equal to the remaining non-cancelable term of the lease. We amortize any resulting capitalized above-market lease values as a reduction of rental income over lease term. We amortize any resulting capitalized below-market lease values as an increase to rental income over the lease term. Because our strategy to a large degree involves the origination and acquisition of long term lease arrangements at market rates relative to our acquisition costs, we do not expect the above-market and below-market in-place lease values to be significant for many of our future transactions.

We measure the aggregate value of other lease intangible assets to be acquired based on the difference between (i) the property valued with existing leases adjusted to market rental rates and (ii) the property valued as if vacant when acquired. Management's estimates of value are made using methods similar to those used by independent appraisers (e.g., discounted cash flow analysis). Factors considered by management in our analysis include an estimate of carrying costs during hypothetical expected lease-up periods, considering current market conditions, and costs to execute similar leases. We also consider information obtained about each targeted facility as a result of our pre-acquisition due diligence, marketing, and leasing activities in estimating the fair value of the intangible assets acquired. In estimating carrying costs, management includes real estate taxes, insurance and other operating expenses and estimates of lost rentals at market rates during the expected lease-up periods, which we expect to be about six months depending on specific local market conditions. Management also estimates costs to execute similar leases including leasing commissions, legal costs, and other related expenses to the extent that such costs are not already incurred in connection with a new lease origination as part of the transaction.


Table of Contents
Index to Financial Statements

Other intangible assets acquired may include customer relationship intangible values, which are based on management's evaluation of the specific characteristics of each prospective tenant's lease and our overall relationship with that tenant. Characteristics to be considered by management in allocating these values include the nature and extent of our existing business relationships with the tenant, growth prospects for developing new business with the tenant, the tenant's credit quality, and expectations of lease renewals, including those existing under the terms of the lease agreement, among other factors.

We amortize the value of in-place leases to expense over the initial term of the respective leases, which have a weighted average useful life of 18.6 years at December 31, 2013. The value of customer relationship intangibles, if any, is amortized to expense over the initial term and any renewal periods in the respective leases, but in no event will the amortization period for intangible assets exceed the remaining depreciable life of the building. If a lease is terminated, the unamortized portion of the in-place lease value and customer relationship intangibles is charged to expense. At December 31, 2013, we have assigned no value to customer relationship intangibles.

Loans: Loans consist of mortgage loans, working capital loans and other long-term loans. Mortgage loans are collateralized by interests in real property. Working capital and other long-term loans are generally collateralized by interests in receivables and corporate and individual guarantees. We record loans at cost. We evaluate the collectability of both interest and principal for each of our loans to determine whether they are impaired. A loan is considered impaired when, based on current information and events, it is probable that we will be unable to collect all amounts due according to the existing contractual terms. When a loan is considered to be impaired, the amount of the allowance is calculated by comparing the recorded investment to either the value determined by discounting the expected future cash flows using the loans effective interest rate or to the fair value of the collateral if the loan is collateral dependent.

Losses from Rent Receivables: A provision for losses on rent receivables (including straight-line rent receivables) is recorded when it becomes probable that the receivable will not be collected in full. The provision is an amount . . .

  Add MPW to Portfolio     Set Alert         Email to a Friend  
Get SEC Filings for Another Symbol: Symbol Lookup
Quotes & Info for MPW - All Recent SEC Filings
Copyright © 2014 Yahoo! Inc. All rights reserved. Privacy Policy - Terms of Service
SEC Filing data and information provided by EDGAR Online, Inc. (1-800-416-6651). All information provided "as is" for informational purposes only, not intended for trading purposes or advice. Neither Yahoo! nor any of independent providers is liable for any informational errors, incompleteness, or delays, or for any actions taken in reliance on information contained herein. By accessing the Yahoo! site, you agree not to redistribute the information found therein.