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JIVE > SEC Filings for JIVE > Form 10-K on 3-Mar-2014All Recent SEC Filings

Show all filings for JIVE SOFTWARE, INC.



Annual Report


You should read the following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations together with the consolidated financial statements and related notes that are included elsewhere in this Form 10-K. This discussion contains forward-looking statements based upon current expectations that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including those set forth under "Risk Factors" or in other parts of this Form 10-K.


We provide a social business platform that improves business results by enabling a more productive and effective workforce through enhanced communications and collaboration both inside and outside the enterprise. Organizations deploy our platform to improve employee productivity, enhance revenue opportunities, lower operational costs, increase customer retention and improve strategic decision making. Our platform is offered on a subscription basis, deployable in a private or public cloud and used for internal or external communities. We generate revenues from platform subscription license fees as well as from professional service fees for strategic consulting, configuration, implementation and training.

We sell our comprehensive Jive Social Business Platform across two principal communities: internally for employees within the enterprise and externally for customers and partners outside the enterprise. Internally focused communities comprised 71.1% of revenues derived from our Jive Platform in 2013 compared to 65.8% in 2012. As the market opportunity for social business software within the enterprise continues to grow, we expect revenues generated from internally focused communities to continue to be a higher percentage of our total revenues than revenues generated from externally focused communities. However, we are continuing to invest in our external community technology and intend to continue to focus on achieving growth and market-share in both markets.

We offer our platform both as a public cloud service and as a private cloud solution. In March 2012, we released Jive Cloud, one of our public cloud services that is a non-customizable version of our platform and is on a quarterly release cycle for new features and functionality. In 2013, product revenues from all public cloud deployments, including Jive Cloud, represented 64.1% of total product revenues compared to 62.8% in 2012. With the release of Jive Cloud and the increase in overall adoption by enterprises of cloud-based technologies, we anticipate that, over the long-term, public cloud deployments of our platform will comprise an increasing portion of our business.

Historically, we have generated the largest portion of our revenues from sales to customers within the United States. Revenues from customers in the United States accounted for 77.3% of total revenues in 2013 compared to 77.4% in 2012. We are continuing to focus on our direct sales presence and channel partners internationally, and we anticipate the percentage of our revenues generated outside of the United States will increase in the future.

In response to our growing customer base outside of the United States, as well as the increase in public cloud deployments, we opened an internally managed data center in the Netherlands in 2012. We also began the build-out of a second internally managed data center in the United States in the second quarter of 2013, which was placed into service during the third quarter of 2013.

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Throughout 2013, we introduced many product and feature enhancements. Updates to Jive Cloud are released quarterly, while our traditional public and private cloud platforms incorporate the enhancements of the Jive Cloud releases on an annual basis. Major new functionality in the year included: Purposeful Places, which brings people, content and information together in intelligent collaboration areas optimized around specific business activities to produce tangible outcomes; Structured Outcomes, which takes everyday workplace conversations and converts them into actionable activities; and seamless integration with an even broader enterprise ecosystem including Box and Additionally, we released new cloud business analytics tools to directly measure business value, and enhancements to our Jive Anywhere capability. We also continued to focus on our external communities with the introduction of JiveX, our next generation cloud-based external community platform, which included the integration of our Advanced Gamification and point-and-click analytics.

In the second quarter of 2013, we acquired two businesses to enhance and strengthen our platform. On April 18, 2013, we acquired substantially all of the assets and certain related liabilities of Clara, a private limited company founded in Iceland that provides a cloud-based analytics tool that allows businesses to understand, monitor and actively engage with community members within online platforms. The total purchase consideration of $6.5 million was comprised entirely of cash.

On April 29, 2013, we acquired all of the outstanding shares of StreamOnce, whose product offers a platform that connects third-party information streams directly into our Jive Platform, integrating disparate information systems for increased productivity. The total initial purchase consideration was comprised of $4.7 million in cash and 532,952 shares of our common stock with a fair value on April 29, 2013 of $7.3 million. Of the 532,952 shares of common stock, 470,552 shares of common stock issued to certain StreamOnce employees vest over a two-year period contingent upon the continued employment of the recipients. The fair value of these shares on the grant date was $6.4 million, which is being recognized as stock-based compensation over the two-year vesting period. Additionally, certain StreamOnce employees may receive additional consideration, not to exceed $0.7 million, if our bookings and customer count exceed certain thresholds over an 18-month period commencing as of the acquisition. In the second quarter of 2013, as part of the Summer Cloud release, we launched Jive StreamOnce, which integrates existing business applications such as Gmail, Microsoft Exchange, Chatter, DropBox, Yammer, Twitter, Facebook and Evernote into the Jive Platform.


Our fourth quarter has historically been our strongest quarter for new billings and renewals. This pattern may be amplified over time if the number of our customers with renewal dates occurring in the fourth quarter continues to increase. Furthermore, our quarterly sales cycles are frequently weighted toward the end of the quarter, with an increased volume of sales in the last few weeks of each quarter. The year-over-year compounding effect of this seasonality in billing patterns and overall new business and renewal activity has historically resulted in the value of invoices that we generate in the fourth quarter increasing in proportion to our billings in the other three quarters of our fiscal year. We expect this trend to continue in future years.

Non-GAAP Key Metrics

In addition to GAAP metrics such as total revenues and gross margin, we also regularly review total billings and short-term billings, non-GAAP measures, and the number of Jive Platform customers to evaluate our business, measure our performance, identify trends affecting our business, allocate capital and make strategic decisions.

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Total Billings

The following tables set forth a reconciliation of total revenues to total
billings (dollars in thousands):

                                                  Year Ended December 31,           Dollar
                                                   2013              2012           Change        % Change
Total revenues                                 $     145,763       $ 113,666
Deferred revenue, end of period                      147,337         117,047
Less: deferred revenue, beginning of period         (117,047 )       (77,826 )

Total billings                                 $     176,053       $ 152,887       $ 23,166            15.2 %

                                                  Year Ended December 31,           Dollar
                                                   2012              2011           Change        % Change
Total revenues                                 $    113,666        $  77,285
Deferred revenue, end of period                     117,047           77,826
Less: deferred revenue, beginning of period         (77,826 )        (50,195 )

Total billings                                 $    152,887        $ 104,916       $ 47,971            45.7 %

Short-Term Billings

The following tables set forth a reconciliation of total revenues to short-term
billings (dollars in thousands):

                                               Year Ended December 31,           Dollar
                                                2013              2012           Change        % Change
Total revenues                              $    145,763        $ 113,666
Deferred revenue, current, end of period         112,432           87,698
Less: deferred revenue, current,
beginning of period                              (87,698 )        (62,329 )

Short-term billings                         $    170,497        $ 139,035       $ 31,462            22.6 %

                                               Year Ended December 31,           Dollar
                                                2012              2011           Change        % Change
Total revenues                              $    113,666        $  77,285
Deferred revenue, current, end of period          87,698           62,329
Less: deferred revenue, current,
beginning of period                              (62,329 )        (37,034 )

Short-term billings                         $    139,035        $ 102,580       $ 36,455            35.5 %

We monitor total billings and short-term billings, non-GAAP measures, in addition to other financial measures presented in accordance with GAAP to manage our business, make planning decisions, evaluate our performance and allocate resources. We believe that these non-GAAP measures offer valuable supplemental information regarding the performance of our business, and they will help investors better understand the sales volumes and performance of our business.

Our use of total billings and short-term billings have limitations as analytical tools, and you should not consider them in isolation or as a substitute for total revenues or an analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. Some of these limitations are:

total billings and short-term billings are not substitutes for total revenues, as billings are recognized when invoiced, while revenue is recognized ratably over the contract term;

total billings can include fees paid for license terms greater than 12 months and for subscription renewals prior to the expiration of the current subscription term and, therefore, does not always closely match with the timing of delivery of support, maintenance, and hosting services and the costs associated with delivering those services;

short-term billings can include fees paid for license terms greater than 12 months in prior periods that were previously recorded on our Consolidated Balance Sheets as a component of non-current deferred revenue and were reclassified in the current period as deferred revenue, current and therefore does not always reflect billings that occurred in the period;

changes to the composition of current period total billings and short-term billings may impact the correlation of current period total billings and short-term billings to future period revenues;

total billings and short-term billings would not exclude any agreements that contain customer acceptance provisions or other contractual contingencies that would require deferral of revenue required under GAAP; and

other companies, including companies in our industry, may not use total billings or short-term billings, may calculate non-GAAP measures differently or may use other financial measures to evaluate their performance, all of which could reduce the usefulness of our non-GAAP measures as comparative measures.

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We consider total billings and short-term billings to be significant performance measures and leading indicators of future recognized revenue based on our business model of billing for subscription licenses annually and recognizing revenue ratably over the subscription term. The billings we record in any particular period reflect sales to new customers plus subscription renewals and upsell to existing customers, and represent amounts invoiced for product license fees and professional services. We typically invoice our customers for subscription fees in annual increments upon initiation of the initial contract or subsequent renewal. In addition, we also enter into arrangements with customers to purchase subscriptions for a term greater than 12 months, most typically 36 months. For subscriptions greater than 12 months, the customer has the option of being invoiced annually or paying for the full term of the subscription at the time the contract is signed. If the customer elects to pay the full multi-year amount at the time the contract is signed, the total amount billed for the entire term will be reflected in total billings; but only the amount that will be recognized into revenue in the following 12 month period would be included in short-term billings until the portion of the total billings beyond 12 months is subsequently reclassified from non-current deferred revenue to deferred revenue, current in a future period. However, if the customer elects to be invoiced annually for a multi-year contract, only the amount billed for the 12-month period will be included in both total and short-term billings. The portion of subscription terms under contract and not yet invoiced is considered backlog and is not reflected on our consolidated balance sheet as deferred revenue. As of December 31, 2013 and 2012, we had backlog of approximately $36.7 million and $31.3 million, respectively. Of the $36.7 million in backlog as of December 31, 2013, approximately 67% is expected to be billed within 2014 and approximately 34% is expected to be recognized as revenue within 2014.

Billings for consulting services can occur on either a time and materials or fixed fee basis. Billings for time and materials contracts typically occur on a bi-weekly basis as the services are delivered. Billings for fixed fee contracts are typically billed 100% at the beginning of the contract or 50% upon either signing or initiation of the project and 50% upon completion of the project.

The increases in billings in the periods presented were primarily driven by increases in upsells of our products to existing customers and the addition of new customers in 2013 compared to 2012.

Jive Platform Customers

We define the number of our platform customers at the end of any given measurement period by counting each customer under an active contract for our Jive Platform, which includes Jive Cloud, that carries a balance in our deferred revenue account at the end of that period. While a single customer may have multiple internal and external communities to support distinct departments, operating segments or geographies, we only include that customer once for purposes of this metric. We believe the number of Jive Platform customers is a leading indicator of our future revenues, billings and upsell opportunities.

Our Jive Platform customer count was as follows:

                                         December 31,
                                        2013       2012       Change       % Change
        Jive Platform customer count       876       800           76            9.5 %

                                         December 31,

2012 2011 Change % Change Jive Platform customer count 800 667 133 19.9 %

Our product revenue growth was 31.5% and 53.3%, respectively in 2013 compared to 2012 and in 2012 compared to 2011. Our product revenues have grown at a faster rate than our customer count as we have continued to realize significant upsell opportunities with our existing customers.

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Components of Results of Operations


We generate revenues primarily in the form of software subscription fees and professional services for strategic consulting, configuration, implementation and other services related to our software. We offer our products with subscription terms typically ranging from 12 to 36 months. In addition to license fees for our platform, our revenues include fees for sales of modules, premium support offerings, additional users and page views. While subscription-based licenses make up the substantial majority of our product revenues, in certain instances we license our software to customers on a perpetual basis, with ongoing support and maintenance services. Revenues generated through the sale of subscription licenses also include fees, embedded in the total license fee, for updates and maintenance. We recognize revenue from professional services ratably over the subscription term when they are bundled with a subscription license, because we do not have fair value for all of our undelivered elements, including support and professional services. When professional services are sold as standalone, the contract revenue is recognized as the services are delivered. These amounts, when recognized, are classified as professional services revenues on our consolidated statements of operations based on the hourly rates at which they are billed.

Cost of Revenues

Cost of product revenues includes all direct costs to produce and distribute our product offerings, including data center and support personnel, depreciation and maintenance related to equipment located at our hosting service providers and in our Jive managed data centers, salaries, rent expense for our data centers, web hosting services expense for public cloud and Jive Cloud implementations, third-party royalty costs, benefits, amortization of acquired intangible assets and stock-based compensation.

Cost of professional services revenues includes all direct costs to provide our professional services, which primarily include salaries, benefits and stock-based compensation for our professional services personnel, as wells as consulting and outside services. We recognize expenses related to our professional services organization as they are incurred, while the majority of associated professional services revenues are recognized ratably over the subscription term.

Cost of revenues also includes allocated overhead costs for facilities and information technology. Allocated costs for facilities consist of rent and depreciation of equipment and leasehold improvements related to our facilities. Our allocated costs for information technology include costs for compensation of our information technology personnel and the cost associated with our information technology infrastructure. Our overhead costs are allocated to all departments based on headcount.

We expect that cost of revenues may increase in the future depending on the growth rate of our new customers and billings and our need to support the implementation, hosting and support of those new customers. We also expect that cost of revenues as a percentage of total revenues could fluctuate from period to period depending on growth of our services business and any associated costs relating to the delivery of services, the timing of sales of products that have royalties associated with them, the amount and timing of amortization of intangibles from acquisitions and the timing of significant expenditures. Additionally, we expect professional services gross margin to continue to be negative throughout 2014.

Research and Development

In the first quarter of 2013, we began capitalizing costs related to the development of a new architecture for our future generation platform service. The capitalized costs were incurred during the application development stage. Once complete, our internal-use software related to our platform service will be amortized on a straight-line basis over its estimated useful life and recorded as a component of cost of product revenues. We capitalized $3.1 million of internally developed computer software costs in 2013.

Research and development costs include salaries, benefits and stock-based compensation for our engineers and developers, allocated facilities costs and payments to third parties for research and development of new software. We focus our research and development efforts on developing new versions of our platform with new and expanded features and enhancing the ease of use of our platform. We believe that continued investment in our technology is important for our future growth, and, as a result, we expect research and development expenses to increase in absolute dollars although they may fluctuate as a percentage of total revenues.

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Sales and Marketing

Sales and marketing expenses primarily consist of salaries, incentive compensation and benefits, travel expense, marketing program fees, partner referral fees and stock-based compensation. Sales incentive compensation is recorded as earned as a component of sales and marketing expense. Sales incentive compensation is generally earned at the time a customer enters into a binding purchase agreement while associated revenue is recognized ratably over the subscription term. In addition, sales and marketing expenses include customer acquisition marketing, branding, advertising, customer events and public relations costs, as well as allocated facilities costs. We plan to continue investing in sales and marketing to expand our global operations, increase revenues from current customers, build brand awareness and expand our indirect sales channel. We expect sales and marketing expenses to increase in absolute dollars and remain our largest expense in absolute dollars and as a percentage of total revenues, although they may fluctuate as a percentage of total revenues.

General and Administrative

General and administrative expenses primarily consist of salaries, benefits and stock-based compensation for our executive, finance, legal, information technology, human resources and other administrative employees. In addition, general and administrative expenses include legal and accounting services, outside consulting, facilities and other supporting overhead costs not allocated to other departments. We expect that our general and administrative expenses will increase in absolute dollars as we continue to expand our business domestically and internationally and incur additional expenses associated with being a publicly traded company, as well as ceasing to be an emerging growth company.

Other Expense, Net

Other expense, net consists primarily of interest expense on our outstanding debt and foreign exchange gains and losses, as well as income related to our investments.

Provision For (Benefit From) Income Taxes

Provision for (benefit from) income taxes consists of federal and state income taxes in the United States and income taxes in certain foreign tax jurisdictions. Since we have generated net losses, we have placed a valuation allowance against any potential future benefits for loss carryforwards and research and development and other tax credits.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with GAAP. These principles require us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses, cash flow and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Our estimates include those related to revenue recognition, stock-based compensation, lives and recoverability of equipment and other long-lived assets, including goodwill, and accounting for income taxes. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from these estimates. To the extent that there are material differences between these estimates and our actual results, our future financial statements will be affected.

We believe that of our significant accounting policies, which are described in Note 2 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Form 10-K, the following accounting policies involve a greater degree of judgment and complexity. Accordingly, we believe these are the most critical to fully understand and evaluate our financial condition and results of operations.

Revenue Recognition

We generate revenues in the form of product fees and related professional service fees. Product fees include subscription fees, perpetual license fees, associated support and maintenance fees and hosting fees. Professional services primarily consist of fees for strategic consulting, configuration, training, consultation and implementation services, which are not essential to functionality. For statement of

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operations classification purposes, we allocate revenues to professional services based on the hourly rate billed for time and materials arrangements and based on the total fixed fee for fixed fee professional services. We recognize revenue when all of the following conditions are met:

there is persuasive evidence of an arrangement;

the product or services have been delivered to the customer;

the amount of fees to be paid by the customer is fixed or determinable; and

the collection of the related fees is reasonably assured.

Signed agreements are used as evidence of an arrangement. If a contract signed by the customer does not exist, we have historically used a purchase order as evidence of an arrangement. In cases where both a signed contract and a purchase order exist, we consider the signed contract to be the final persuasive evidence of an arrangement. Software and corresponding license keys are delivered to customers electronically. Electronic delivery occurs when we provide the customer with access to the software. We assess whether a fee is fixed or determinable at the outset of the arrangement, primarily based on the payment terms associated with the transaction. We do not generally offer extended payment terms with typical terms of payment due between 30 and 60 days from delivery of product or services. For professional services that are billable under a time and materials based arrangement, these fees are neither fixed nor determinable until the work is performed and the fee becomes billable to the customer. We assess collectability of the customer receivable based on a number of factors such as collection history with the customer and creditworthiness of the customer. If we determine that collectability is not reasonably assured, . . .

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