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BRO > SEC Filings for BRO > Form 10-K on 28-Feb-2014All Recent SEC Filings

Show all filings for BROWN & BROWN INC

Form 10-K for BROWN & BROWN INC


Annual Report

ITEM 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.


The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our Consolidated Financial Statements and the related Notes to those Consolidated Financial Statements included elsewhere in this Annual Report.

We are a diversified insurance agency, wholesale brokerage, insurance programs and services organization headquartered in Daytona Beach and Tampa, Florida. As an insurance intermediary, our principal sources of revenue are commissions paid by insurance companies and, to a lesser extent, fees paid directly by customers. Commission revenues generally represent a percentage of the premium paid by an insured and are materially affected by fluctuations in both premium rate levels charged by insurance companies and the insureds' underlying "insurable exposure units," which are units that insurance companies use to measure or express insurance exposed to risk (such as property values, or sales and payroll levels) to determine what premium to charge the insured. Insurance companies establish these premium rates based upon many factors, including reinsurance rates paid by such insurance companies, none of which we control.

The volume of business from new and existing customers, fluctuations in insurable exposure units and changes in general economic and competitive conditions all affect our revenues. For example, level rates of inflation or a general decline in economic activity could limit increases in the values of insurable exposure units. Conversely, the increasing costs of litigation settlements and awards have caused some customers to seek higher levels of insurance coverage. Historically, our revenues have typically grown as a result of our focus on net new business growth and acquisitions.

We attempt to foster a strong, decentralized sales culture with a goal of consistent, sustained growth over the long term.

We increased revenues every year from 1993 to 2013, with the exception of 2009, when our revenues dropped 1.0%. Our revenues grew from $95.6 million in 1993 to $1.4 billion in 2013, reflecting a compound annual growth rate of 14.2%. In the same 20 year period, we increased net income from $8.0 million to $217.1 million in 2013, a compound annual growth rate of 17.9%.

The years 2007 through 2011 posed significant challenges for us and for our industry in the form of a prevailing decline in insurance premium rates, commonly referred to as a "soft market" and increased significant governmental involvement in the Florida insurance marketplace which resulted in a substantial loss of revenues for us. Additionally, beginning in the second half of 2008 and throughout 2011, there was a general decline in insurable exposure units as the consequence of the general weakening of the economy in the United States. As a result, from the first quarter of 2007 through the fourth quarter of 2011 we experienced negative internal revenue growth each quarter. The continued declining exposure units during 2011 and 2010 had a greater negative impact on our commissions and fees revenues than declining insurance premium rates.

Beginning in the first quarter of 2012, many insurance premium rates began to slightly increase. Additionally, in the second quarter of 2012, the general declines in insurable exposure units started to flatten and these exposures units subsequently began to gradually increase during the year. As a result, we recorded positive internal revenue growth for each quarter of 2012 for each of our four divisions with two exceptions; the first quarter for the Retail Division and the third quarter for the National Programs Division, in which declines of only 0.7% and 3.3%, respectively, were experienced.

This growth trend has continued into 2013 with our consolidated internal revenue growth rate of 6.7%. Additionally, each of our four divisions recorded positive internal revenue growth for each quarter in 2013 except for the Services Division in the fourth quarter. The decline in the core organic commissions and fees revenues in the fourth quarter of 2013 for the Services Division was the result of the significant revenue recorded at our Colonial Claims operation in the fourth quarter of 2012 attributable to Superstorm Sandy for which no comparable revenues occurred in the fourth quarter of 2013. In the event that the gradual increases in insurance premium rates and insurable exposure units that occurred in 2013 continue into 2014, we expect to see continued positive quarterly internal revenue growth rates on a year-over-year basis for 2014, excluding the impact relating to our Colonial Claims operation. In the first quarter of 2013, Colonial Claims earned claims fees of $17.2 million as a direct result of the continued significant claims activity from Superstorm Sandy. Absent another major flooding event, we estimate Colonial Claims revenues for the first quarter of 2014 to be less than $1.0 million.

We also earn "profit-sharing contingent commissions," which are profit-sharing commissions based primarily on underwriting results, but which may also reflect considerations for volume, growth and/or retention. These commissions are primarily received in the first and second quarters of each year, based on the aforementioned considerations for the prior year(s). Over the last three years, profit-sharing contingent commissions have averaged approximately 4.4% of the previous year's total commissions and fees revenue. Profit-sharing contingent commissions are typically included in our total commissions and fees in the Consolidated Statements of Income in the year received. The term "core commissions and fees" excludes profit-sharing contingent commissions and guaranteed supplemental commissions, and therefore represents the revenues earned directly from specific insurance policies sold, and specific fee-based services rendered. In contrast, the term "core organic commissions and fees" is our core commissions and fees less (i) the

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core commissions and fees earned for the first twelve months by newly-acquired operations and (ii) divested business (core commissions and fees generated from offices, books of business or niches sold or terminated during the comparable period). "Core organic commissions and fees" are reported in this manner in order to express the current year's core commissions and fees on a comparable basis with the prior year's core commissions and fees. The resulting net change reflects the aggregate changes attributable to (i) net new and lost accounts,
(ii) net changes in our clients' exposure units, and (iii) net changes in insurance premium rates. The net changes in each of these three components can be determined for each of our customers. However, because our agency management accounting systems do not aggregate such data, it is not reportable. Core organic commissions and fees can reflect either "positive" growth with a net increase in revenues, or "negative" growth with a net decrease in revenues.

Beginning a few years ago, five to six national insurance companies replaced their loss-ratio based profit-sharing contingent commission agreements with a new guaranteed fixed-base agreements, referred to as "Guaranteed Supplemental Commissions" ("GSCs"). For 2013, only four national insurance companies still used GSCs in lieu of loss-ratio based profit-sharing contingent commissions. Since GSCs are not subject to the uncertainty of loss ratios, they are accrued throughout the year based on actual premiums written. As of December 31, 2013, we accrued and earned $8.3 million of GSCs during 2013, most of which will be collected in the first quarter of 2014. For the twelve-month periods ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, we earned $8.3 million, $9.1 million and $12.1 million, respectively, of GSCs.

Fee revenues relate to fees negotiated in lieu of commissions, which are recognized as services are rendered. Fee revenues have historically been generated primarily by: (1) our Services Division, which provides insurance-related services, including third-party claims administration and comprehensive medical utilization management services in both the workers' compensation and all-lines liability arenas, as well as Medicare set-aside services, Social Security disability and Medicare benefits advocacy services, and catastrophe claims adjusting services, and (2) our National Programs and Wholesale Brokerage Divisions, which earn fees primarily for the issuance of insurance policies on behalf of insurance companies. These services are provided over a period of time, typically one year. However, in conjunction with our July 1, 2013 acquisition of Beecher Carlson, which has a primary focus on large retail customers that generally pay us fees directly, the fee revenues in our Retail Division for 2013 have increased by nearly $40.0 million to $73.0 million. For 2014, we expect the total fees in our Retail Division to be approximately $110.0 million. Fee revenues, on a consolidated basis, as a percentage of our total commissions and fees, represented 26.6% in 2013, 21.7% in 2012 and 16.4% in 2011.

Historically, investment income has consisted primarily of interest earnings on premiums and advance premiums collected and held in a fiduciary capacity before being remitted to insurance companies. Our policy is to invest available funds in high-quality, short-term fixed income investment securities. As a result of the bank liquidity and solvency issues in the United States in the last quarter of 2008, we moved substantial amounts of our cash into non-interest bearing checking accounts so that they would be fully insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation ("FDIC") or into money-market investment funds (a portion of which is FDIC insured) of SunTrust and Wells Fargo, two large national banks. Effective January 1, 2013, the FDIC ceased providing insurance guarantees on non-interest bearing checking accounts and since that time we have invested in both interest bearing and non-interest bearing checking accounts. Investment income also includes gains and losses realized from the sale of investments. Other income primarily reflects net gains on sales of customer accounts and fixed assets, but will also include sub-rental income, legal settlements and other miscellaneous income.

Current Year Company Overview

2013 was a strong year for revenue growth and continued the positive trends that began in 2012. After the five-year period extending from 2007 to 2011, in which we experienced negative internal growth in our core organic commissions and fees revenue which we believe was a direct result of the general weakness of the economy, we achieved a positive internal revenue growth of 2.6% in 2012, and 6.7% in 2013.

The net growth in core organic commissions and fees in 2013 of $75.6 million is a significant improvement over the comparable growth in 2012 of $24.9 million and the net lost revenues of $21.5 million in 2011. Of the $75.6 million growth in the 2013 core organic commissions and fees, $38.1 million was generated by two new programs at our Arrowhead operation, the automobile aftermarket program and the non-standard auto program, and from our Colonial Claims operation as a result of the significant claims activity attributable to Superstorm Sandy. The remaining growth in the core organic commissions and fees revenue is principally attributable to rising insurance premium rates, and increasing insurance exposure units as a result of a gradually improving U. S. economy.

We continue to be successful in acquiring insurance operations that we believe are strategic in growing our business Divisions. In each of the last two years, we completed acquisitions with aggregate revenues in excess of $142.8 million:
nine acquisitions in 2013 with estimated revenues of $142.8 million, and 20 acquisitions in 2012 with estimated revenues of $149.6 million. For 2014, we are continuing this trend with the announced acquisition of Wright Insurance Group, with estimated annualized revenues of $120.0 million, which is expected to close on or around April 1, 2014.

Income before income taxes in 2013 increased over 2012 by 17.3%, or $52.8 million, to $357.6 million. However, that net increase of $52.8 million includes $14.3 million of income before income taxes related to new acquisitions that were stand-alone offices, and therefore, income before income taxes from offices that existed in the same time periods of 2013 and 2012 (including the

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new acquisitions that "folded in" to those offices) increased by $38.5 million. The net increase of $38.5 million related primarily to: (1) net new business,
(2) a $2.6 million benefit from a change in estimated acquisition earn-out payables, and (3) a one-time $6.8 million bonus earned in 2012 by our Retail Division commissioned producers as a result of a special program for those whose 2012 production exceeded their 2011 production by at least five percent. These net increases were partially off-set by a $6.6 million increase in non-cash stock-based compensation primarily due to new grants issued in July 2013. Therefore, excluding these items, income before income taxes from those offices that existed in the same time periods of 2013 and 2012 (including the new acquisitions that "folded in" to those offices) increased by $37.7 million.


Approximately 38,500 independent insurance agencies are estimated to be operating currently in the United States. Part of our continuing business strategy is to attract high-quality insurance intermediaries to join our operations. From 1993 through 2013, we acquired 449 insurance intermediary operations, excluding acquired books of business (customer accounts).

A summary of our acquisitions over the last three years is as follows (in millions, except for number of acquisitions):

                                          Estimated                                                                  Recorded       Aggregate
          Number of Acquisitions           Annual         Net Cash       Notes        Other        Liabilities       Earn-out       Purchase
          Asset               Stock       Revenues          Paid        Issued       Payable         Assumed         Payable          Price
2013              8                1     $     142.8     $    408.1     $    -      $     0.5     $       106.1     $      5.1     $     519.8
2012             19                1     $     149.6     $    483.9     $   0.1     $    25.4     $       136.7     $     21.5     $     667.6
2011             37                1     $      88.7     $    167.4     $   1.2     $      -      $        15.7     $     30.5     $     214.8

On July 1, 2013, we completed the acquisition of Beecher Carlson Holdings, Inc. ("Beecher Carlson"), an insurance and risk management broker with operations that include retail brokerage, program management and captive management. The aggregate purchase price for Beecher Carlson was $469.3 million, including $364.3 million of cash payments and the assumption of $105.0 million of liabilities. Beecher Carlson was acquired primarily to expand Brown & Brown's Retail and National Programs businesses, and to attract and hire high-quality individuals.

On January 9, 2012, we completed the acquisition of Arrowhead General Insurance Agency Superholding Corporation ("Arrowhead") pursuant to a merger agreement dated December 15, 2011 (the "Merger Agreement"). Under the Merger Agreement, the total cash purchase price of $395.0 million was subject to adjustments for options to purchase shares of Arrowhead's common stock, working capital, sharing of net operating tax losses, Arrowhead's preferred stock units, transaction expenses, and closing debt. In addition, within 60 days following the third anniversary of the acquisition's closing date, we will pay to certain persons who were Arrowhead equityholders as of the closing date additional earn-out payments equal, collectively, to $5.0 million, subject to certain adjustments based on the "cumulative EBITDA" of Arrowhead and all of its subsidiaries, as calculated pursuant to the Merger Agreement, during the final year of the three-year period following the acquisition's closing date.

Arrowhead is a national insurance program manager and one of the largest managing general agents ("MGAs") in the property and casualty insurance industry.

On January 15, 2014 ,as previously announced, we entered into an agreement to acquire The Wright Insurance Group, LLC ("Wright"), with estimated annualized revenues of $120.0 million. This transaction is expected to close on or around April 1, 2014. Wright's operations include a national flood insurance program, government-sponsored insurance programs and proprietary national and regional programs. The total net consideration to be paid for the ownership interests of Wright is $602.5 million in addition to contingent consideration of up to $37.5 million if Wright completes certain agreed-upon acquisitions prior to closing. The transaction is subject to customary closing conditions, including Hart-Scott-Rodino approval and other related regulatory approvals.

Critical Accounting Policies

Our Consolidated Financial Statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. We continually evaluate our estimates, which are based on historical experience and on assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. These estimates form the basis for our judgments about the carrying values of our assets and liabilities, which values are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

We believe that, of our significant accounting policies (see "Note 1-Summary of Significant Accounting Policies" of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements), the following critical accounting policies may involve a higher degree of judgment and complexity.

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Revenue Recognition

Commission revenues are recognized as of the effective date of the insurance policy or the date on which the policy premium is billed to the customer, whichever is later. Commission revenues related to installment billings at the Company's subsidiary, Arrowhead, are recorded on the later of the effective date of the policy or the first installment billing. At those dates, the earnings process has been completed, and we can reliably estimate the impact of policy cancellations for refunds and establish reserves accordingly. Management determines the policy cancellation reserve based upon historical cancellation experience adjusted in accordance with known circumstances. Subsequent commission adjustments are recognized upon our receipt of notification from insurance companies concerning matters necessitating such adjustments. Profit-sharing contingent commissions are recognized when determinable, which is when such commissions are received from insurance companies, or when we receive formal notification of the amount of such payments. Fee revenues are recognized as services are rendered.

Business Combinations and Purchase Price Allocations

We have acquired significant intangible assets through business acquisitions. These assets consist of purchased customer accounts, non-compete agreements, and the excess of purchase prices over the fair value of identifiable net assets acquired (Goodwill). The determination of estimated useful lives and the allocation of purchase price to intangible assets requires significant judgment and affects the amount of future amortization and possible impairment charges.

All of our business combinations initiated after June 30, 2001 have been accounted for using the purchase method. In connection with these acquisitions, we record the estimated value of the net tangible assets purchased and the value of the identifiable intangible assets purchased, which typically consist of purchased customer accounts and non-compete agreements. Purchased customer accounts include the physical records and files obtained from acquired businesses that contain information about insurance policies, customers and other matters essential to policy renewals. However, they primarily represent the present value of the underlying cash flows expected to be received over the estimated future renewal periods of the insurance policies comprising those purchased customer accounts. The valuation of purchased customer accounts involves significant estimates and assumptions concerning matters such as cancellation frequency, expenses and discount rates. Any change in these assumptions could affect the carrying value of purchased customer accounts. Non-compete agreements are valued based on their duration and any unique features of particular agreements. Purchased customer accounts and non-compete agreements are amortized on a straight-line basis over the related estimated lives and contract periods, which range from five to 15 years. The excess of the purchase price of an acquisition over the fair value of the identifiable tangible and intangible assets is assigned to goodwill and is not amortized.

Acquisition purchase prices are typically based on a multiple of average annual operating profit earned over a one-to three-year period within a minimum and maximum price range. The recorded purchase prices for all acquisitions consummated after January 1, 2009 include an estimation of the fair value of liabilities associated with any potential earn-out provisions. Subsequent changes in the fair value of earn-out obligations are recorded in the consolidated statement of income when incurred.

The fair value of earn-out obligations is based on the present value of the expected future payments to be made to the sellers of the acquired businesses in accordance with the provisions contained in the respective purchase agreements. In determining fair value, the acquired business's future performance is estimated using financial projections developed by management for the acquired business and this estimate reflects market participant assumptions regarding revenue growth and/or profitability. The expected future payments are estimated on the basis of the earn-out formula and performance targets specified in each purchase agreement compared to the associated financial projections. These estimates are then discounted to present value using a risk-adjusted rate that takes into consideration the likelihood that the forecasted earn-out payments will be made.

Intangible Assets Impairment

Goodwill is subject to at least an annual assessment for impairment measured by a fair-value-based test. Amortizable intangible assets are amortized over their useful lives and are subject to an impairment review based on an estimate of the undiscounted future cash flows resulting from the use of the assets. To determine if there is potential impairment of goodwill, we compare the fair value of each reporting unit with its carrying value. If the fair value of the reporting unit is less than its carrying value, an impairment loss would be recorded to the extent that the fair value of the goodwill within the reporting unit is less than its carrying value. Fair value is estimated based on multiples of earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation, amortization and change in estimated acquisition earn-out payables ("EBITDAC"), or on a discounted cash flow basis.

Management assesses the recoverability of our goodwill on an annual basis, and assesses the recoverability of our amortizable intangibles and other long-lived assets whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of such assets may not be recoverable. The following factors, if present, may trigger an impairment review: (i) significant underperformance relative to historical or projected future operating results; (ii) significant negative industry or economic trends; (iii) significant decline in our stock price for a sustained period; and (iv) significant decline in our market capitalization. If the recoverability of these assets is unlikely because of the existence of one or more of the above-referenced factors, an impairment analysis is performed. Management must make assumptions regarding estimated future cash flows and other factors to determine the fair value of these assets. If these estimates or related

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assumptions change in the future, we may be required to revise the assessment and, if appropriate, record an impairment charge. We completed our most recent evaluation of impairment for goodwill as of November 30, 2013 and determined that the fair value of goodwill exceeded the carrying value of such assets. Additionally, there have been no impairments recorded for amortizable intangible assets for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011.

Non-Cash Stock-Based Compensation

We grant stock options and non-vested stock awards to our employees, and the related compensation expense is required to be recognized in the financial statements based upon the grant-date fair value of those awards.

Litigation Claims

We are subject to numerous litigation claims that arise in the ordinary course of business. If it is probable that an asset has been impaired or a liability has been incurred at the date of the financial statements and the amount of the loss is estimable, an accrual for the costs to resolve these claims is recorded in accrued expenses in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets. Professional fees related to these claims are included in other operating expenses in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Income. Management, with the assistance of in-house and outside counsel, determines whether it is probable that a liability has been incurred and estimates the amount of loss based upon analysis of individual issues. New developments or changes in settlement strategy in dealing with these matters may significantly affect the required reserves and affect our net income.

New Accounting Pronouncements

See Note 1 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for a discussion of the effects of the adoption of new accounting standards.

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The following discussion and analysis regarding results of operations and liquidity and capital resources should be considered in conjunction with the accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements and related Notes.

Financial information relating to our Consolidated Financial Results is as follows (in thousands, except percentages):

                                                      Percent                         Percent
                                        2013           Change           2012           Change            2011
Core commissions and fees            $ 1,295,977          14.1 %     $ 1,136,252          19.5 %      $   950,685
Profit-sharing contingent
commissions                               51,251          17.3 %          43,683           1.1 %           43,198
Guaranteed supplemental
commissions                                8,275          (9.5 )%          9,146         (24.3 )%          12,079
Investment income                            638         (19.9 )%            797         (37.1 )%           1,267
Other income, net                          7,138         (29.7 )%         10,154          60.8 %            6,313

Total revenues                         1,363,279          13.6 %       1,200,032          18.4 %        1,013,542
. . .
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