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XPO > SEC Filings for XPO > Form 10-K on 26-Feb-2014All Recent SEC Filings

Show all filings for XPO LOGISTICS, INC.

Form 10-K for XPO LOGISTICS, INC.


26-Feb-2014

Annual Report


Item 7. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

You should read the following discussion in conjunction with Part I, including matters set forth under Item 1A, "Risk Factors", of this Annual Report, and our audited Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto included elsewhere in this Annual Report. The following discussion contains forward-looking statements. You should refer to the "Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements" set forth in Part I, Item 1A of this Annual Report.


Executive Summary

XPO Logistics, Inc., a Delaware corporation, together with its subsidiaries, is a leading non-asset provider of transportation logistics services. We act as a middleman between shippers and carriers who outsource their transportation logistics to us as a third-party provider. As of December 31, 2013, we operated at 94 locations: 73 Company-owned branches and 21 agent-owned offices.

We offer our services through three business segments. Our freight brokerage segment places shippers' freight with qualified carriers, primarily trucking companies. Our expedited transportation segment facilitates urgent shipments via independent over-the-road contractors and air charter carriers. Our freight forwarding segment arranges domestic and international shipments using ground, air and ocean transport through a network of agent-owned and Company-owned locations.

In September of 2011, following the equity investment in the Company led by Jacobs Private Equity, LLC, we began to implement a strategy to leverage our strengths-including management expertise, operational scale and capital resources-with the goals of significant growth and value creation.

By executing our strategy, we have built leading positions in some of the fastest-growing sectors of transportation logistics. In North America, we are the fourth largest provider of freight brokerage services, which, driven by an outsourcing trend, is growing at two to three times the rate of GDP. Our acquisitions of 3PD Holding, Inc. ("3PD") and Optima Service Solutions, LLC ("Optima") in 2013 (further described below) made us the largest provider of heavy goods last-mile delivery logistics in North America, a $13 billion sector which, driven by outsourcing by big-box retailers and e-commerce, is growing at five to six times the rate of GDP. In part due to our acquisition of National Logistics Management ("NLM") in December of 2013 (further described below), we now manage more expedited shipments than any other company in North America and have established a foothold in managed transportation. Expediting is growing due to a trend toward just-in-time inventories in manufacturing. Upon completion of the acquisition of Pacer International, Inc. (further described below), we will be the third largest provider of intermodal services in North America and the largest provider of cross-border Mexico intermodal services, a sector that, driven by the efficiencies of long-haul rail and the growth of near-shoring of manufacturing in Mexico, is growing at three to five times the rate of GDP. We believe our broad service offering gives us a competitive advantage as many customers, particularly large shippers, focus their relationships on fewer, larger third party logistics providers with deep capacity across a wide range of services.

Our strategy has three main components:

Optimization of operations. We are continuing to optimize our existing operations by growing our sales force, implementing advanced information technology, cross-selling our services and leveraging our shared carrier capacity. We have a disciplined framework of processes in place for the recruiting, training and mentoring of newly hired employees. Our salespeople market our services to hundreds of thousands of small and medium-sized prospective customers. In addition, we have a strategic and national accounts team focused on developing business relationships with the largest shippers in North America. Our network is supported by our national operations center in Charlotte, North Carolina, which we opened in March of 2012, and by our information technology. We have a scalable platform in place across the Company, with sales, service, carrier and track-and-trace capabilities, as well as benchmarking and analysis. Most important to our growth strategy, we are developing a culture of passionate, world-class service for customers.

Acquisitions. We take a disciplined approach to acquisitions: we look for companies that are highly scalable and are a good strategic fit with our core competency. When we acquire a company, we seek to integrate it with our operations and scale it up by adding salespeople. We integrate the acquired operations with our technology platform, which connects them to our broader organization, and we give them access to our shared carrier pool. We gain more carriers, customers, lane histories and pricing histories with each acquisition, and in some cases an acquisition adds complementary services.


We use these resources Company-wide to buy transportation more efficiently and to cross-sell a more complete supply chain solution to customers. Since the beginning of 2012, we have developed an active pipeline of targets. In 2012, we completed the acquisition of four non-asset third party logistics companies. We acquired another six companies in 2013, including 3PD, the largest non-asset, third party provider of heavy goods, last-mile logistics in North America, and NLM, the largest provider of web-based expedited transportation management in North America. On January 5, 2014, we agreed to acquire Pacer International, Inc., a Tennessee corporation ("Pacer"), the third largest provider of intermodal transportation services in North America. We plan to continue to acquire quality companies that fit our strategy for growth.

Cold-starts. We believe that cold-starts can generate high returns on invested capital because of the relatively low investment required and the large component of variable-based incentive compensation. We are currently ramping up 23 cold-starts: 10 in Freight Brokerage, 12 in Freight Forwarding and one in Expedited Transportation. We seek to locate our Freight Brokerage cold-starts in prime areas for sales recruitment. We plan to continue to open cold-start locations where we see the potential for strong returns.

Pending Acquisition of Pacer International

On January 5, 2014, XPO entered into a definitive Agreement and Plan of Merger (the "Merger Agreement") with Pacer International, Inc., a Tennessee corporation ("Pacer"), and Acquisition Sub, Inc., a Tennessee corporation and a wholly owned subsidiary of XPO ("Merger Subsidiary"), providing for the acquisition of Pacer by XPO. Pursuant to the terms of Merger Agreement, Merger Subsidiary will be merged with and into Pacer (the "Merger"), with Pacer continuing as the surviving corporation and an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of XPO.

Pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement and subject to the conditions thereof, at the effective time of the Merger, each outstanding share of common stock of Pacer, par value $0.01 per share (the "Pacer Common Stock"), other than shares of Pacer Common Stock held by Pacer, XPO, Merger Subsidiary or their respective subsidiaries, will be converted into the right to receive (1) $6.00 in cash and (2) subject to the limitations in the following sentence, a fraction (the "Exchange Ratio") of a share of XPO common stock, par value $0.001 per share (the "XPO Common Stock"), equal to $3.00 divided by the volume-weighted average price per share of XPO Common Stock for the last 10 trading days prior to the closing date (such average, the "VWAP," and, such cash and stock consideration together, the "Merger Consideration"). For the purpose of calculating the Exchange Ratio, the VWAP may not be less than $23.12 per share or greater than $32.94 per share. If the VWAP for purposes of the Exchange Ratio calculation is less than or equal to $23.12 per share, then the Exchange Ratio will be fixed at 0.1298 of a share of XPO Common Stock. If the VWAP for purposes of the Exchange Ratio calculation is greater than or equal to $32.94 per share, then the Exchange Ratio will be fixed at 0.0911 of a share of XPO Common Stock.

The completion of the Merger is subject to customary closing conditions, including approval of the Merger by the holders of a majority of the outstanding shares of Pacer Common Stock. XPO's and Merger Subsidiary's obligations to consummate the Merger are not subject to any condition related to the availability of financing.

Revolving Loan Credit Agreement

On October 18, 2013, we and certain of our wholly-owned subsidiaries, as borrowers, entered into a $125.0 million multicurrency secured Revolving Loan Credit Agreement (the "Credit Agreement") with the lender parties thereto and Morgan Stanley Senior Funding, Inc., as administrative agent for such lenders, with a maturity of five years.


The proceeds of the Credit Agreement may be used by us for ongoing working capital needs and other general corporate purposes, including strategic acquisitions. Borrowings under the Credit Agreement bear interest at a per annum rate equal to, at our option, the one, two, three or six month (or such other period less than one month or greater than six months as the lenders may agree) LIBOR rate plus a margin of 1.75% to 2.25%, or a base rate plus a margin of 0.75% to 1.25%. We are required to pay an undrawn commitment fee equal to 0.25% or 0.375% of the quarterly average undrawn portion of the commitments under the Credit Agreement, as well as customary letter of credit fees. The margin added to LIBOR, or base rate, will depend on the quarterly average availability of the commitments under the Credit Agreement.

All obligations under the Credit Agreement are secured by substantially all of our assets and are unconditionally guaranteed by certain of our subsidiaries, provided that no foreign subsidiary guarantees, and no assets of any foreign subsidiary secures, any obligations of any of our domestic borrower subsidiaries. The Credit Agreement contains representations, warranties and covenants that are customary for agreements of this type. Among other things, the covenants in the Credit Agreement limit our ability to, with certain exceptions: incur indebtedness; grant liens; engage in certain mergers, consolidations, acquisitions and dispositions; make certain investments and restricted payments; and enter into certain transactions with affiliates. In certain circumstances, the Credit Agreement also requires us to maintain certain minimum EBITDA or, at our election, maintain a Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio (as defined in the Credit Agreement) of not less than 1.00 to 1.00. If an event of default under the Credit Agreement shall occur and be continuing, the commitments thereunder may be terminated and the principal amount outstanding thereunder, together with all accrued unpaid interest and other amounts owed thereunder, may be declared immediately due and payable. Certain subsidiaries acquired by us in the future may be excluded from the restrictions contained in certain of the foregoing covenants. We do not believe that the covenants contained in the Credit Agreement will impair our ability to execute our strategy. At December 31, 2013, we had borrowed $75.0 million under the terms of the Credit Agreement. We were in compliance, in all material respects, with all covenants related to the Credit Agreement as of December 31, 2013.

Common Stock Offerings

On February 5, 2014, we closed a registered underwritten public offering of 15,000,000 shares of common stock, and on February 11, 2014 we closed as part of the same public offering the sale of an additional 2,250,000 shares as a result of the full exercise of the underwriters' overallotment option, in each case at a price of $25.00 per share (together, the "February 2014 Offering"). We received $413.3 million in net proceeds from the February 2014 Offering after underwriting discounts and expenses.

On August 13, 2013, we closed a registered underwritten public offering of 9,694,027 shares of common stock, and on August 16, 2013 we closed as part of the same public offering the sale of an additional 1,454,104 shares as a result of the full exercise of the underwriters' overallotment option, in each case at a price of $22.75 per share (together, the "August 2013 Offering"). We received $239.5 million in net proceeds from the August 2013 Offering after underwriting discounts and expenses.

On March 20, 2012, we closed a registered underwritten public offering of 9,200,000 shares of common stock (the "2012 Offering"), including 1,200,000 shares issued and sold as a result of the full exercise of the underwriters' overallotment option, at a price of $15.75 per share. We received $137.0 million in net proceeds from the 2012 Offering after underwriting discounts and estimated expenses.

Convertible Debt Offering

On September 26, 2012, we completed a registered underwritten public offering of 4.50% Convertible Senior Notes due October 1, 2017 (the "Notes"), in an aggregate principal amount of $125.0 million. On October 17, 2012, the underwriters exercised the overallotment option to purchase $18.8 million additional principal amount of the Notes. We received $138.5 million in net proceeds after underwriting discounts,


commissions and expenses were paid. The Notes were allocated to long-term debt and equity in the amounts of $106.8 million and $31.7 million, respectively. These amounts are net of debt issuance costs of $4.1 million for debt and $1.2 million for equity. To date, we have entered into transactions pursuant to which we have issued an aggregate of 1,404,887 shares of our common stock to certain holders of the Notes in connection with the conversion of $23.1 million aggregate principal amount of the Notes. These transactions included induced conversions pursuant to which we paid the holder a market-based premium in cash. The negotiated market-based premiums, in addition to the difference between the current fair value and the book value of the Notes, will be reflected in interest expense. The number of shares of common stock issued in the foregoing transactions equals the number of shares of common stock presently issuable to holders of the Notes upon conversion under the original terms of the Notes.

We are obligated to pay holders of the Notes interest semiannually in arrears on April 1 and October 1 of each year which began on April 1, 2013. The notes will mature on October 1, 2017 unless earlier converted or repurchased. The conversion rate was initially 60.8467 shares of common stock per $1,000 principal amount of notes (equivalent to an initial conversion price of approximately $16.43 per share of common stock) and is subject to adjustment in some events but will not be adjusted for any accrued and unpaid interest.

Equity Investment

In September 2011, pursuant to the Investment Agreement, we issued, for $75.0 million in cash: (i) an aggregate of 75,000 shares of our Series A Convertible Perpetual Preferred Stock (the "Series A Preferred Stock"), which are initially convertible into an aggregate of 10,714,286 shares of our common stock, and
(ii) warrants initially exercisable for an aggregate of 10,714,286 shares of our common stock at an initial exercise price of $7.00 per common share (the "Warrants"). We refer to this investment as the "Equity Investment." See Note 7 to our audited Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Annual Report.

The conversion feature of the Series A Preferred Stock was determined to be a beneficial conversion feature ("BCF") based on the effective initial conversion price and the market value of our common stock at the commitment date for the issuance of the Series A Preferred Stock. Generally accepted accounting principles in the United States ("US GAAP") require that we recognize the BCF related to the Series A Preferred Stock as a discount on the Series A Preferred Stock and amortize such amount as a deemed distribution through the earliest conversion date. The calculated value of the BCF was in excess of the relative fair value of net proceeds allocated to the Series A Preferred Stock. Accordingly, during the third quarter of 2011 we recorded a discount on the Series A Preferred Stock of $44.2 million with immediate recognition of this amount as a deemed distribution because the Series A Preferred Stock is convertible at any time.

Other Reporting Disclosures

This discussion and analysis also refers from time to time to our Freight Brokerage international operations. These brokered shipments may originate in either the United States or Canada and are largely attributable to our acquisition of Kelron Corporate Services, Inc. and certain related entities (collectively, "Kelron") in August 2012. These services are provided to both U.S. and Canadian customers who primarily pay in their home currency.

This discussion and analysis refers from time to time to Expedited Transportation's international operations. These operations involve the transportation of freight shipments that originate in or are delivered to either Canada or Mexico. These freight shipments either originate in or are delivered to the United States, and therefore only a portion of the freight movement actually takes place in Canada or Mexico. This service is provided to domestic customers who pay primarily in U.S. dollars. We discuss this freight separately because our Expedited Transportation segment has developed an expertise in cross-docking freight at the border through the utilization of Canadian and Mexican carriers.

This discussion and analysis also refers from time to time to our Freight Forwarding international operations. These freight movements also originate in or are delivered to the United States and are primarily paid for in U.S. dollars.


                              XPO Logistics, Inc.

                      Consolidated Statement of Operations

                        For the Year Ended December 31,

                                 (In thousands)



                                                                                           Percent of Revenue
                                          2013           2012           2011         2013         2012         2011
Revenue                                 $ 702,303      $ 278,591      $ 177,076       100.0 %      100.0 %      100.0 %
Direct expense
Transportation services                   567,805        224,035        133,007        80.8 %       80.4 %       75.1 %
Station commissions                         7,168          9,321         11,098         1.0 %        3.3 %        6.3 %
Other direct expense                        3,823          4,409          3,193         0.5 %        1.6 %        1.8 %

Total direct expense                      578,796        237,765        147,298        82.3 %       85.3 %       83.2 %

Gross margin                              123,507         40,826         29,778        17.7 %       14.7 %       16.8 %

SG&A expense
Salaries & benefits                       100,633         39,278         16,338        14.3 %       14.1 %        9.2 %
Other SG&A expense                         29,358         11,616          3,937         4.2 %        4.2 %        2.2 %
Purchased services                         25,214         15,388          6,733         3.6 %        5.5 %        3.8 %
Depreciation and amortization              20,627          2,508          1,046         2.9 %        0.9 %        0.6 %

Total SG&A expense                        175,832         68,790         28,054        25.0 %       24.7 %       15.8 %

Operating loss                            (52,325 )      (27,964 )        1,724        -7.3 %      -10.0 %        1.0 %

Other expense                                 478            363             56         0.1 %        0.1 %        0.0 %
Interest expense                           18,169          3,207            191         2.6 %        1.2 %        0.1 %

Loss before income tax                    (70,972 )      (31,534 )        1,477       -10.0 %      -11.3 %        0.9 %
Income tax benefit                        (22,442 )      (11,195 )          718        -3.2 %       -4.0 %        0.4 %

Net loss                                $ (48,530 )    $ (20,339 )    $     759        -6.8 %       -7.3 %        0.5 %

Consolidated Results

Year Ended December 31, 2013 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2012

Our consolidated revenue for 2013 increased 152.1% to $702.3 million from $278.6 million in 2012. This increase was driven largely by the acquisitions of Turbo Logistics, Inc. and Turbo Dedicated, Inc. (collectively, "Turbo"), 3PD, Covered Logistics, Inc. ("Covered"), Interide Logistics, LC ("Interide"), East Coast Air Charter, NLM, and Optima, as well as the revenue attributable to the growth of our Freight Brokerage cold-start locations.

Total gross margin dollars for 2013 increased 202.5% to $123.5 million from $40.8 million in 2012. As a percentage of revenue, gross margin was 17.7% in 2013 as compared to 14.7% in 2012. The increase in gross margin as a percentage of revenue is attributable to higher gross margins in Freight Brokerage and Freight Forwarding as described below.

Sales, general and administrative ("SG&A") expense as a percentage of revenue was 25.0% in 2013, as compared to 24.7% in 2012. SG&A expense increased by $107.0 million in 2013 compared to 2012, due to significant growth initiatives, including six acquisitions, sales force recruitment, costs associated with our new Freight Brokerage offices, and an increase in Corporate SG&A.

Interest expense for 2013 increased 466.5% to $18.2 million from $3.2 million in 2012. The increase in interest expense is primarily attributable to the year over year increase in interest on the convertible senior notes and an undrawn debt commitment fee of $3.0 million related to our acquisition of 3PD.

Our effective income tax rates were (31.6%) and (35.5%) for 2013 and 2012, respectively. Both 2013 and 2012 included the recognition of a tax benefit due to the net operating losses incurred. The difference in the income tax rate for 2013 relates to the recording of tax expense in certain state and foreign jurisdictions, the non-deductible loss on convertible debt, and the change in the provision for uncertain tax positions.


The increase in net loss was due primarily to higher SG&A expenses associated with significant growth initiatives, including sales force recruitment, costs associated with our new Freight Brokerage offices, and an increase in Corporate costs. Additionally, the Company incurred higher interest expense and recorded the accelerated amortization of the CGL trade name indefinite-lived intangible assets.

Year Ended December 31, 2012 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2011

Our consolidated revenue for 2012 increased 57.3% to $278.6 million from $177.1 million in 2011. This increase was driven largely by the increased revenues in Freight Brokerage due to the acquisitions of Turbo, BirdDog Logistics, Inc. ("BirdDog"), Kelron and Continental Freight Services, Inc. ("Continental"), as well as the revenue attributable to our Freight Brokerage cold-start locations opened since December 2011.

Direct expense is primarily attributable to the cost of procuring freight transportation services for our customers and commissions paid to independent station owners in our freight forwarding business. Our non-asset operating model provides transportation capacity through variable cost third-party transportation arrangements, therefore enabling us to be flexible to adapt to changes in economic or industry conditions. Our primary means of providing capacity are through our base of independent owner operators in Expedited Transportation and our network of independent ground, ocean and air carriers in Freight Forwarding and Freight Brokerage. We view this operating model as a strategic advantage due to its flexibility, particularly in uncertain economic conditions.

Total gross margin dollars for 2012 increased 37.1% to $40.8 million from $29.8 million in 2011. As a percentage of revenue, gross margin was 14.7% in 2012 as compared to 16.8% in 2011. The decrease in gross margin as a percentage of revenue is attributable primarily to increased revenues in our Freight Brokerage segment, which typically experiences lower margins than our other operations. Freight Brokerage's gross margins also have been negatively impacted by our cold-start sales offices, which are still in the start-up phase.

SG&A expense as a percentage of revenue was 24.7% in 2012, as compared to 15.8% in 2011. SG&A expense increased by $40.7 million in 2012 compared to 2011, due to significant growth initiatives, including four acquisitions, sales force recruitment, costs associated with our new Freight Brokerage offices, and an increase in Corporate SG&A.

Our effective income tax rates in 2012 and 2011 were (35.5%) and 48.6%, respectively. The significant difference between the tax rates is due to prior period tax charges incurred in 2011.

The reduction in net income was due primarily to higher SG&A expenses associated with significant growth initiatives, including sales force recruitment, costs associated with our new Freight Brokerage offices, and an increase in Corporate SG&A.


                               Freight Brokerage

                          Statement of Operations Data

                        For the Year Ended December 31,

                                 (In thousands)



                                                                                           Percent of Revenue
                                           2013           2012           2011        2013         2012         2011
Revenue                                  $ 541,389      $ 125,121      $ 29,186       100.0 %      100.0 %      100.0 %
Direct expense
Transportation services                    444,719        108,507        24,434        82.1 %       86.7 %       83.7 %
Other direct expense                           575            489            55         0.1 %        0.4 %        0.2 %

Total direct expense                       445,294        108,996        24,489        82.2 %       87.1 %       83.9 %

Gross margin                                96,095         16,125         4,697        17.8 %       12.9 %       16.1 %

SG&A expense
Salaries & benefits                         64,873         15,171         2,484        12.0 %       12.1 %        8.5 %
Other SG&A expense                          20,189          3,590           716         3.7 %        2.9 %        2.5 %
Purchased services                           7,563          1,695           148         1.4 %        1.4 %        0.5 %
Depreciation and amortization               14,892          1,223            44         2.8 %        1.0 %        0.2 %

Total SG&A expense                         107,517         21,679         3,392        19.9 %       17.4 %       11.7 %

Operating loss                           $ (11,422 )    $  (5,554 )    $  1,305        -2.1 %       -4.5 %        4.4 %

Freight Brokerage

Year Ended December 31, 2013 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2012

Revenue in our Freight Brokerage segment increased by 332.7% to $541.4 million . . .

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