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MAC > SEC Filings for MAC > Form 10-K on 21-Feb-2014All Recent SEC Filings

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Form 10-K for MACERICH CO


21-Feb-2014

Annual Report


ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Management's Overview and Summary
The Company is involved in the acquisition, ownership, development, redevelopment, management and leasing of regional and community/power shopping centers located throughout the United States. The Company is the sole general partner of, and owns a majority of the ownership interests in, the Operating Partnership. As of December 31, 2013, the Operating Partnership owned or had an ownership interest in 55 regional shopping centers and nine community/power shopping centers totaling approximately 57 million square feet of gross leasable area ("GLA"). These 64 regional and community/power shopping centers are referred to herein as the "Centers," unless the context otherwise requires. The Company is a self-administered and self-managed REIT and conducts all of its operations through the Operating Partnership and the Management Companies. The following discussion is based primarily on the consolidated financial statements of the Company for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011. It compares the results of operations and cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2013 to the results of operations and cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2012. Also included is a comparison of the results of operations and cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2012 to the results of operations and cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2011. This information should be read in conjunction with the accompanying consolidated financial statements and notes thereto.
Acquisitions and Dispositions:
The financial statements reflect the following acquisitions, dispositions and changes in ownership subsequent to the occurrence of each transaction. On February 24, 2011, the Company's joint venture in Kierland Commons Investment LLC ("KCI") acquired an additional ownership interest in PHXAZ/Kierland Commons, L.L.C. ("Kierland Commons"), a 434,000 square foot regional shopping center in Scottsdale, Arizona. As a result of this transaction, the Company's ownership interest in KCI increased from 24.5% to 50.0%. The Company's share of the purchase price consisted of a cash payment of $34.2 million and the assumption of a pro rata share of debt of $18.6 million.
On February 28, 2011, the Company, in a 50/50 joint venture, acquired The Shops at Atlas Park, a 381,000 square foot community center in Queens, New York, for a total purchase price of $53.8 million. The Company's share of the purchase price was $26.9 million and was funded from the Company's cash on hand.
On February 28, 2011, the Company acquired the remaining 50% ownership interest in Desert Sky Mall, an 891,000 square foot regional shopping center in Phoenix, Arizona, that it did not own. The total purchase price was $27.6 million, which included the assumption of the third party's pro rata share of the mortgage note payable on the property of $25.8 million. Concurrent with the purchase of the partnership interest, the Company paid off the $51.5 million loan on the property.
On March 4, 2011, the Company sold a fee interest in a former Mervyn's store in Santa Fe, New Mexico for $3.7 million, resulting in a loss on the sale of assets of $1.9 million. The Company used the proceeds from the sale for general corporate purposes.
On April 29, 2011, the Company purchased a fee interest in a freestanding Kohl's store at Capitola Mall in Capitola, California for $28.5 million. The purchase price was paid from cash on hand.
On June 3, 2011, the Company acquired an additional 33.3% ownership interest in Arrowhead Towne Center, a 1,198,000 square foot regional shopping center in Glendale, Arizona, an additional 33.3% ownership interest in Superstition Springs Center, a 1,082,000 square foot regional shopping center in Mesa, Arizona, and an additional 50% ownership interest in the land under Superstition Springs Center ("Superstition Springs Land") in exchange for the Company's ownership interest in six anchor stores, including five former Mervyn's stores and a cash payment of $75.0 million. The cash purchase price was funded from borrowings under the Company's line of credit. This transaction is referred to herein as the "GGP Exchange".
On July 22, 2011, the Company acquired Fashion Outlets of Niagara Falls USA, a 525,000 square foot outlet center in Niagara Falls, New York. The initial purchase price of $200.0 million was funded by a cash payment of $78.6 million and the assumption of the mortgage note payable of $121.4 million. The cash purchase price was funded from borrowings under the Company's line of credit. The purchase and sale agreement includes contingent consideration based on the performance of Fashion Outlets of Niagara Falls USA from the acquisition date through July 21, 2014 that could increase the purchase price from the initial $200.0 million up to a maximum of $218.3 million. As of December 31, 2013, the Company estimated the fair value of the contingent consideration as $17.5 million, which has been included in other accrued liabilities.


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On October 14, 2011, the Company sold a former Mervyn's store in Salt Lake City, Utah for $8.1 million, resulting in a gain on the sale of assets of $3.8 million. The proceeds from the sale were used for general corporate purposes. On November 30, 2011, the Company sold a former Mervyn's store in West Valley City, Utah for $2.3 million, resulting in a loss on the sale of assets of $0.2 million. The proceeds from the sale were used for general corporate purposes. On December 31, 2011, the Company and its joint venture partner reached agreement for the distribution and conveyance of interests in SDG Macerich Properties, L.P. ("SDG Macerich") that owned 11 regional shopping centers in a 50/50 partnership. Six of the eleven assets were distributed to the Company on December 31, 2011. The Company received 100% ownership of Eastland Mall, a 1,043,000 square foot regional shopping center in Evansville, Indiana, Lake Square Mall, a 559,000 square foot regional shopping center in Leesburg, Florida, SouthPark Mall, a 904,000 square foot regional shopping center in Moline, Illinois, Southridge Center, an 811,000 square foot community center in Des Moines, Iowa, NorthPark Mall, a 1,050,000 square foot regional shopping center in Davenport, Iowa and Valley Mall, a 504,000 square foot regional shopping center in Harrisonburg, Virginia (collectively referred to herein as the "SDG Acquisition Properties"). These wholly-owned assets were recorded at fair value at the date of transfer, which resulted in a gain to the Company of $188.3 million. The gain reflected the fair value of the net assets received in excess of the book value of the Company's interest in SDG Macerich. The distribution and conveyance of the properties from SDG Macerich to the Company is referred to herein as the "SDG Transaction".
On February 29, 2012, the Company acquired a 323,000 square foot mixed-use retail/office building ("500 North Michigan Avenue") in Chicago, Illinois for $70.9 million. The purchase price was paid from borrowings under the Company's line of credit.
On March 30, 2012, the Company sold its 50% ownership interest in Chandler Village Center, a 273,000 square foot community center in Chandler, Arizona, for a total sales price of $14.8 million, resulting in a gain on the sale of assets of $8.2 million. The sales price was funded by a cash payment of $6.0 million and the assumption of the Company's share of the mortgage note payable on the property of $8.8 million. The Company used the cash proceeds from the sale to pay down its line of credit and for general corporate purposes. On March 30, 2012, the Company sold its 50% ownership interest in Chandler Festival, a 500,000 square foot community center in Chandler, Arizona, for a total sales price of $31.0 million, resulting in a gain on the sale of assets of $12.3 million. The sales price was funded by a cash payment of $16.2 million and the assumption of the Company's share of the mortgage note payable on the property of $14.8 million. The Company used the cash proceeds from the sale to pay down its line of credit and for general corporate purposes.
On March 30, 2012, the Company's joint venture in SanTan Village Power Center, a 491,000 square foot community center in Gilbert, Arizona, sold the property for $54.8 million, resulting in a gain on the sale of assets of $23.3 million for the joint venture. The Company's pro rata share of the gain recognized was $7.9 million, net of noncontrolling interests of $3.6 million. The Company used its share of the proceeds from the sale to pay down its line of credit and for general corporate purposes.
On April 30, 2012, the Company sold The Borgata, a 94,000 square foot community center in Scottsdale, Arizona, for $9.2 million, resulting in a loss on the sale of assets of $1.3 million. The Company used the proceeds from the sale to pay down its line of credit and for general corporate purposes.
On May 11, 2012, the Company sold a former Mervyn's store in Montebello, California for $20.8 million, resulting in a loss on the sale of assets of $0.4 million. The Company used the proceeds from the sale for general corporate purposes.
On May 17, 2012, the Company sold Hilton Village, an 80,000 square foot community center in Scottsdale, Arizona, for $24.8 million, resulting in a gain on the sale of assets of $3.1 million. The Company used the proceeds from the sale to pay down its line of credit and for general corporate purposes. On May 31, 2012, the Company sold its 50% ownership interest in Chandler Gateway, a 260,000 square foot community center in Chandler, Arizona, for a total sales price of $14.3 million, resulting in a gain on the sale of assets of $3.4 million. The sales price was funded by a cash payment of $4.9 million and the assumption of the Company's share of the mortgage note payable on the property of $9.4 million. The Company used the cash proceeds from the sale to pay down its line of credit and for general corporate purposes.
On June 28, 2012, the Company sold Carmel Plaza, a 112,000 square foot community center in Carmel, California, for $52.0 million, resulting in a gain on the sale of assets of $7.8 million. The Company used the proceeds from the sale to pay down its line of credit.


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On August 10, 2012, the Company was bought out of its ownership interest in NorthPark Center, a 1,946,000 square foot regional shopping center in Dallas, Texas, for $118.8 million, resulting in a gain on the sale of assets of $24.6 million. The Company used the cash proceeds to pay down its line of credit. On October 3, 2012, the Company acquired the 75% ownership interest in FlatIron Crossing, a 1,435,000 square foot regional shopping center in Broomfield, Colorado, that it did not own for a cash payment of $195.9 million and the assumption of the third party's share of the mortgage note payable of $114.5 million. The cash payment was funded from borrowings under the Company's line of credit.
On October 26, 2012, the Company acquired the remaining 33.3% ownership interest in Arrowhead Towne Center that it did not own for $144.4 million. The Company funded the purchase price by a cash payment of $69.0 million and the assumption of the third party's pro rata share of the mortgage note payable on the property of $75.4 million. The cash payment was funded from borrowings under the Company's line of credit.
On November 28, 2012, the Company acquired Kings Plaza Shopping Center, a 1,195,000 square foot regional shopping center in Brooklyn, New York, for a purchase price of $756.0 million. The purchase price was funded from a cash payment of $726.0 million and the issuance of $30.0 million in restricted common stock of the Company. The cash payment was provided by the placement of a mortgage note on the property that allowed for borrowings up to $500.0 million and from borrowings under the Company's line of credit. Concurrent with the acquisition, the Company borrowed $354.0 million on the loan. On January 3, 2013, the Company exercised its option to borrow the remaining $146.0 million of the loan.
On January 24, 2013, the Company acquired Green Acres Mall, a 1,787,000 square foot regional shopping center in Valley Stream, New York, for a purchase price of $500.0 million. The purchase price was funded from the placement of a $325.0 million mortgage note on the property and $175.0 million from borrowings under the Company's line of credit.
On April 25, 2013, the Company acquired a 19 acre parcel of land adjacent to Green Acres Mall for $22.6 million. The payment was provided by borrowings from the Company's line of credit.
On May 29, 2013, the Company's joint venture in Pacific Premier Retail LP sold Redmond Town Center Office, a 582,000 square foot office building in Redmond, Washington, for $185.0 million, resulting in a gain on the sale of assets of $89.2 million to the joint venture. The Company's share of the gain was $44.4 million. The Company used its share of the proceeds from the sale to pay down its line of credit and for general corporate purposes.
On May 31, 2013, the Company sold Green Tree Mall, a 793,000 square foot regional shopping center in Clarksville, Indiana, for $79.0 million, resulting in a gain on the sale of assets of $59.8 million. The Company used the proceeds from the sale to pay down its line of credit and for general corporate purposes. On June 4, 2013, the Company sold Northridge Mall, an 890,000 square foot regional shopping center in Salinas, California, and Rimrock Mall, a 603,000 square foot regional shopping center in Billings, Montana. The properties were sold in a combined transaction for $230.0 million, resulting in a gain on the sale of assets of $82.2 million. The Company used the proceeds from the sale to pay down its line of credit and for general corporate purposes.
On June 12, 2013, the Company's joint venture in Pacific Premier Retail LP sold Kitsap Mall, an 846,000 square foot regional shopping center in Silverdale, Washington, for $127.0 million, resulting in a gain on the sale of assets of $55.2 million to the joint venture. The Company's share of the gain was $28.1 million. The Company used its share of the proceeds from the sale to pay down its line of credit and for general corporate purposes.
On August 1, 2013, the Company's joint venture in Pacific Premier Retail LP sold Redmond Town Center, a 695,000 square foot community center in Redmond, Washington, for $127.0 million, resulting in a gain on the sale of assets of $38.4 million to the joint venture. The Company's share of the gain was $18.3 million. The Company used its share of the proceeds from the sale to pay down its line of credit and for general corporate purposes.
On September 11, 2013, the Company sold a former Mervyn's store in Milpitas, California for $12.0 million, resulting in a loss on the sale of assets of $2.6 million. The Company used the proceeds from the sale to pay down its line of credit and for general corporate purposes.
On September 17, 2013, the Company's joint venture in Camelback Colonnade, a 619,000 square foot community center in Phoenix, Arizona, was restructured. As a result of the restructuring, the Company's ownership interest in Camelback Colonnade decreased from 73.2% to 67.5%. Prior to the restructuring, the Company had accounted for its investment in Camelback Colonnade under the equity method of accounting due to substantive participation rights held by the outside partners. Upon completion of the restructuring, these substantive participation rights were terminated and the Company obtained voting control of the joint venture. This transaction is referred to herein as the "Camelback Colonnade Restructuring." Since the date of the restructuring, the Company has included Camelback Colonnade in its consolidated financial statements.


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On October 8, 2013, the Company's joint venture in Ridgmar Mall, a 1,273,000 square foot regional shopping center in Fort Worth, Texas, sold the property for $60.9 million, resulting in a gain on the sale of assets of $6.2 million to the joint venture. The Company's share of the gain was $3.1 million. The proceeds from the sale were used to pay off the $51.7 million mortgage loan on the property and the remaining $9.2 million, net of closing costs, was distributed to the partners. The Company used its share of the proceeds from the sale to pay down its line of credit and for general corporate purposes.
On October 15, 2013, the Company sold a former Mervyn's store in Midland, Texas for $5.7 million, resulting in a loss on the sale of assets of $2.0 million. The Company used the proceeds from the sale to pay down its line of credit and for general corporate purposes.
On October 23, 2013, the Company sold a former Mervyn's store in Grand Junction, Colorado for $5.4 million, resulting in a gain on the sale of assets of $1.7 million. The Company used the proceeds from the sale to pay down its line of credit and for general corporate purposes.
On October 24, 2013, the Company acquired the remaining 33.3% ownership interest in Superstition Springs Center that it did not own for $46.2 million. The purchase price was funded by a cash payment of $23.7 million and the assumption of the third party's pro rata share of the mortgage note payable on the property of $22.5 million.
On December 4, 2013, the Company sold a former Mervyn's store in Livermore, California for $10.5 million, resulting in a loss on the sale of assets of $5.3 million. The Company used the proceeds from the sale to pay down its line of credit and for general corporate purposes.
On December 11, 2013, the Company sold Chesterfield Towne Center, a 1,016,000 square foot regional shopping center in Richmond, Virginia, and Centre at Salisbury, an 862,000 square foot regional shopping center in Salisbury, Maryland. The properties were sold in a combined transaction for $292.5 million, resulting in a gain on the sale of assets of $151.5 million. The sales price was funded by a cash payment of $67.8 million, the assumption of the $109.7 million mortgage note payable on Chesterfield Towne Center and the assumption of the $115.0 million mortgage note payable on Centre at Salisbury. The Company used the cash proceeds from the sale to pay down its line of credit and for general corporate purposes.
On January 15, 2014, the Company sold Rotterdam Square, a 585,000 square foot regional shopping center in Schenectady, New York, for $8.5 million. The Company used the proceeds from the sale to pay down its line of credit and for general corporate purposes.
Other Transactions and Events:
On July 15, 2010, a court appointed receiver assumed operational control of Valley View Center and responsibility for managing all aspects of the property. In March 2012, the Company recorded an impairment charge of $54.3 million to write down the carrying value of the long-lived assets to their estimated fair value. On April 23, 2012, the property was sold by the receiver for $33.5 million, which resulted in a gain on the extinguishment of debt of $104.0 million.
On April 1, 2011, the Company's joint venture in SDG Macerich conveyed Granite Run Mall, a 1,033,000 square foot regional center in Media, Pennsylvania, to the mortgage note lender by a deed-in-lieu of foreclosure. The mortgage note was non-recourse. The Company's pro rata share of gain on the extinguishment of debt was $7.8 million.
On May 11, 2011, the non-recourse mortgage note payable on Shoppingtown Mall went into maturity default. As a result of the maturity default and the corresponding reduction of the estimated holding period, the Company recognized an impairment charge of $35.7 million to write down the carrying value of the long-lived assets to their estimated fair value. On September 14, 2011, the Company exercised its right and redeemed the outside ownership interests in the Center for a cash payment of $11.4 million. On December 30, 2011, the Company conveyed the property to the mortgage note lender by a deed-in-lieu of foreclosure. As a result of the conveyance, the Company recognized an additional $3.9 million loss on the disposal of the property.
On May 31, 2012, the Company conveyed Prescott Gateway, a 584,000 square foot regional shopping center in Prescott, Arizona, to the mortgage note lender by a deed-in-lieu of foreclosure. The mortgage loan was non-recourse. As a result of the conveyance, the Company recognized a gain on the extinguishment of debt of $16.3 million.
In December 2012, the Company recognized an impairment charge of $24.6 million on Fiesta Mall, a 933,000 square foot regional shopping center in Mesa, Arizona, to write down the carrying value of the long-lived assets to their estimated fair value due to a reduction in the estimated holding period of the property. On September 30, 2013, the Company conveyed Fiesta Mall to the mortgage note lender by a deed-in-lieu of foreclosure. The mortgage loan was non-recourse. As a result of the conveyance, the Company recognized a gain on the extinguishment of debt of $1.3 million.


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Redevelopment and Development Activity:
In August 2011, the Company entered into a joint venture agreement with a subsidiary of AWE/Talisman for the development of Fashion Outlets of Chicago in the Village of Rosemont, Illinois. The Company owns 60% of the joint venture and AWE/Talisman owns 40%. The Company accounts for Fashion Outlets of Chicago as a consolidated joint venture. The Center is a fully enclosed two level, 528,000 square foot outlet center. The site is located within a mile of O'Hare International Airport. The project broke ground in November 2011 and opened on August 1, 2013. The total estimated project cost is approximately $211.0 million. As of December 31, 2013, the consolidated joint venture had incurred $181.7 million of development costs. On March 2, 2012, the consolidated joint venture obtained a construction loan on the property that allows for borrowings of up to $140.0 million, bears interest at LIBOR plus 2.50% and matures on March 5, 2017. As of December 31, 2013, the consolidated joint venture had borrowed $91.4 million under the loan.
The Company's joint venture in Tysons Corner Center, a 2,130,000 square foot regional shopping center in McLean, Virginia, is currently expanding the property to include a 500,000 square foot office tower, a 430 unit residential tower and a 300 room Hyatt Regency hotel. The joint venture started the expansion project in October 2011 and expects the office tower to be completed in 2014 and the balance of the project to be completed in early 2015. The total cost of the project is estimated at $524.0 million, of which $262.0 million is estimated to be the Company's pro rata share. The Company has funded $125.2 million of the total of $250.5 million incurred by the joint venture as of December 31, 2013.
In November 2013, the Company started construction on the 175,000 square foot expansion of Fashion Outlets of Niagara Falls USA, a 525,000 square foot outlet center in Niagara Falls, New York. The Company expects to complete the project in late 2014. The total estimated project cost is $75.0 million. As of December 31, 2013, the Company had incurred $17.1 million of development costs. Inflation:
In the last five years, inflation has not had a significant impact on the Company because of a relatively low inflation rate. Most of the leases at the Centers have rent adjustments periodically throughout the lease term. These rent increases are either in fixed increments or based on using an annual multiple of increases in the Consumer Price Index ("CPI"). In addition, approximately 6% to 13% of the leases for spaces 10,000 square feet and under, expire each year, which enables the Company to replace existing leases with new leases at higher base rents if the rents of the existing leases are below the then existing market rate. The Company has generally entered into leases that require tenants to pay a stated amount for operating expenses, generally excluding property taxes, regardless of the expenses actually incurred at any Center, which places the burden of cost control on the Company. Additionally, certain leases require the tenants to pay their pro rata share of operating expenses. Seasonality:
The shopping center industry is seasonal in nature, particularly in the fourth quarter during the holiday season when retailer occupancy and retail sales are typically at their highest levels. In addition, shopping malls achieve a substantial portion of their specialty (temporary retailer) rents during the holiday season and the majority of percentage rent is recognized in the fourth quarter. As a result of the above, earnings are generally higher in the fourth quarter.

Critical Accounting Policies
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Some of these estimates and assumptions include judgments on revenue recognition, estimates for common area maintenance and real estate tax accruals, provisions for uncollectible accounts, impairment of long-lived assets, the allocation of purchase price between tangible and intangible assets, and estimates for environmental matters. The Company's significant accounting policies are described in more detail in Note 2-Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in the Company's Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements. However, the following policies are deemed to be critical.


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Revenue Recognition:
Minimum rental revenues are recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the related lease. The difference between the amount of rent due in a year and the amount recorded as rental income is referred to as the "straight line rent adjustment." Currently, 68% of the Mall Store and Freestanding Store leases contain provisions for CPI rent increases periodically throughout the term of the lease. The Company believes that using an annual multiple of CPI increases, rather than fixed contractual rent increases, results in revenue recognition that more closely matches the cash revenue from each lease and will provide more consistent rent growth throughout the term of the leases. Percentage rents are recognized when the tenants' specified sales targets have been met. Estimated recoveries from certain tenants for their pro rata share of real estate taxes, insurance and other shopping center operating expenses are recognized as revenues in the period the applicable expenses are incurred. Other tenants pay a fixed rate and these tenant recoveries are recognized as revenues on a straight-line basis over the term of the related leases. Property:
Maintenance and repair expenses are charged to operations as incurred. Costs for major replacements and betterments, which includes HVAC equipment, roofs, parking lots, etc., are capitalized and depreciated over their estimated useful lives. Gains and losses are recognized upon disposal or retirement of the related assets and are reflected in earnings.
Property is recorded at cost and is depreciated using a straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets as follows:
Buildings and improvements 5 - 40 years
Tenant improvements 5 - 7 years
Equipment and furnishings 5 - 7 years

Capitalization of Costs:
The Company capitalizes costs incurred in redevelopment, development, renovation and improvement of properties. The capitalized costs include pre-construction costs essential to the development of the property, development costs, . . .

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