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CTXS > SEC Filings for CTXS > Form 10-K on 20-Feb-2014All Recent SEC Filings

Show all filings for CITRIX SYSTEMS INC

Form 10-K for CITRIX SYSTEMS INC


20-Feb-2014

Annual Report


ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Overview
Citrix is a leader in virtualization, networking and cloud infrastructure to enable new ways for people to work better. Citrix solutions help IT and service providers to build, manage and secure virtual and mobile workspaces that seamlessly deliver apps, desktops, data and services to virtually anyone, on any device, over any network or cloud.
We market and license our products directly to customers, over the Web, and through systems integrators, or SIs, in addition to indirectly through value-added resellers, or VARs, value-added distributors, or VADs, original equipment manufacturers, or OEMs and service providers. Citrix is a Delaware corporation founded on April 17, 1989. Executive Summary
We believe our approach is unique in the market because we have combined innovative technologies into solutions that enable and power mobile workstyles. Our technologies mobilize desktops, apps, data and people to help our customers drive business value. Our Mobile and Desktop products are leaders in the area of desktop and app management, including Desktop and Application Virtualization products, marketed as XenDesktop and XenApp and mobile device management, or MDM, and mobile application management, including XenMobile products. Our Networking and Cloud products also offer customers a value-added approach to building and delivering cloud services to end-users. Our Cloud Networking products allow our customers to deliver IT services to users with high performance, security and reliability, and our Cloud Platform products allow our customers to build scalable and reliable private and public cloud computing environments. We believe this combination of products allows us to deliver a comprehensive end-to-end mobile workstyles solution; and one that we believe, when considered as a whole, is competitively differentiated by its feature set and interoperability. Collaboration and Data products allow organizations to enable mobile workstyles and offer employees the ability to move seamlessly across a diverse mix of devices and collaborate and share information. In today's business environment there is a sharp focus on IT products and services that can reduce cost and deliver a quick, tangible return on investment, or ROI. We are focused on helping our customers, as they invest in IT products and services, to reduce IT costs, increase business flexibility and deliver ROI by offering a simpler more flexible approach to computing. In 2013, we generally saw unevenness in the global IT spending environment and encountered hesitancy on the part of customers in initiating large capital projects while transitioning their top priorities to mobile workstyles. In addition, during the second half of 2013, we introduced new product offerings in our Desktop and Application Virtualization business focused on reducing installation time and total cost of ownership. Although we expect a multi-year product cycle from this offering, we initially experienced longer than normal customer evaluations causing longer than anticipated sales cycles. We found this dynamic across all markets and all geographies contributing to the Product and licenses revenue results in our Desktop products when comparing the year ended December 31, 2013 to the year ended December 31, 2012. See our Summary of Results section below.
We believe that continued economic uncertainty and the transition of computing and legacy platforms to mobile, cloud, big data and social solutions may adversely affect sales of our products and services and may result in longer sales cycles, slower adoption of technologies and increased price competition. We are focused on helping our customers embrace and power mobile workstyles and build cloud infrastructure so cloud services can be delivered virtually anywhere with a high quality user experience. We plan to sustain the long-term growth of our businesses around the world by expanding our go-to-market reach and direct customer touch; investing in product innovation and improving integration across our product portfolio to drive simplicity and end-user experience. Enterprise and Service Provider division Our Desktop and Application Virtualization products are built to transform and reduce the cost of traditional desktop management by virtualizing the desktop, with our XenDesktop product, and virtualizing applications, with our XenApp product, in a customer's datacenter. We are providing the capabilities for our customers to transform the delivery of desktops and related applications to an on-demand service rather than the delivery of a device.
In January 2013, we completed our acquisition of Zenprise Inc., or Zenprise, a privately held leading innovator in MDM, which we market as XenMobile. We have integrated and expanded the XenMobile MDM technologies into a new solution, which is now offered as XenMobile Enterprise edition. This new offering offers our enterprise IT customers a comprehensive


product that make it easier to manage and secure mobile devices, apps and data, while allowing users to embrace mobile workstyles and access enterprise apps from virtually any device. We believe our Mobility products offer a comprehensive approach that can transform organizations into mobile enterprises with the security and control IT requires, the ease of use and flexibility users desire, and the productivity business demands.
Our Cloud Networking products power mobile workstyles while altering the traditional economics of the datacenter by providing greater levels of flexibility of computing resources, especially with respect to servers, improving application performance and thereby reducing the amount of processing power involved, and allowing easy reconfiguration of servers by permitting storage and network infrastructure to be added-in virtually rather than physically. Our ByteMobile Smart Capacity products combined with our Citrix NetScaler line of Cloud Networking products enhance our broader strategy of powering mobile workstyles and cloud services and allow us to offer mobile operators combined solutions that deliver a high quality user experience to mobile subscribers.
Our Cloud Platform products allow our customers to build scalable and reliable private and public cloud computing environments where customers can quickly and easily build cloud services within their existing infrastructure and provision hosted applications, desktops, services and infrastructure as a service, or IaaS, from the cloud.
As we enhance the feature set and interoperability of our Mobility and Cloud Networking products, we drive increased customer interest around desktop and application virtualization and data sharing, because enterprises find leverage in deploying these technologies together for an end-to-end mobile workstyles solution.
SaaS division
Our SaaS division is focused on developing and marketing Collaboration and Data products. These products are primarily marketed via the web to enterprises, medium and small businesses, prosumers and individuals. Our SaaS segment's Collaboration products offer secure and cost-effective solutions that allow users to host and actively participate in online meetings, webinars and training sessions remotely and reduce costs associated with business travel. Our Data Sharing product, ShareFile, makes it easy for businesses of all sizes to securely store, sync and share business documents and files, both inside and outside the company. ShareFile's centralized cloud storage capability also allows users to share files across multiple devices and access them from any location. In addition, through our Remote Access and IT Support solutions, we offer products that provide users a secure, simple and cost efficient way to access their desktops remotely and provide support over the Internet on-demand. Summary of Results
For the year ended December 31, 2013 compared to the year ended December 31, 2012, we delivered the following financial performance:
Product and license revenue increased 7.3% to $891.6 million;

Software as a service revenue increased 14.0% to $582.9 million;

License updates and maintenance revenue increased 16.0% to $1,305.1 million;

Professional services revenue increased 16.6% to $138.9 million;

Gross margin as a percentage of revenue decreased 1.6% to 82.8%;

Operating income decreased 2.6% to $380.7 million; and

Diluted earnings per share decreased 3.2% to $1.80.

The increase in our Product and licenses revenue was primarily driven by sales of our Networking and Cloud products, led by NetScaler, partially offset by a decrease in sales of our desktop and application virtualization products. Our Software as a service revenue increased due to increased sales of our Collaboration products, led by GoToMeeting and our Data Sharing product, ShareFile. The increase in License updates and maintenance revenue was primarily due to an increase in maintenance revenues, primarily driven by increased sales of maintenance and support across all of our Enterprise and Service Provider division's products and increased renewals of our Subscription Advantage product. The increase in Professional services revenue was primarily due to increases in consulting revenues related to increased implementation sales of our Enterprise and Service Provider division's products. We currently target total revenue to increase when comparing the first quarter of 2014 to the first quarter of 2013. In addition, when comparing the 2014 fiscal year to the 2013 fiscal year we target total revenue to increase. The decrease in 2013 in gross margin as a percentage of net revenue is primarily due to the increase in sales of our Networking and Cloud products with a hardware component and increased sales of our services, both of which have a higher cost than our software products. We currently target gross margin as a percentage of net revenue to decline slightly when comparing the first quarter of 2014 to the first quarter of 2013, consistent with our targeted increase in sales of our hardware products and services. The decrease in Operating income and diluted net income per share when comparing 2013 to 2012 was primarily due to an increase in stock-based compensation costs primarily related to our retention-focused annual stock grant to


key employees and our recent acquisitions and an increase in amortization of intangible assets primarily related to our recent acquisitions. Also contributing to the decrease in Operating income and diluted net income per share is the decrease in gross margin as a percentage of net revenue, as discussed above.
2013 Acquisitions
Zenprise
In January 2013, we acquired all of the issued and outstanding securities of Zenprise, a privately-held leader in mobile device management. Zenprise became part of our Enterprise and Service Provider division, in which Citrix has integrated the Zenprise offering for mobile device management into its XenMobile Enterprise edition. The total consideration for this transaction was approximately $324.0 million, net of $2.9 million of cash acquired, and was paid in cash. Transaction costs associated with the acquisition were approximately $0.6 million, of which we expensed approximately $0.1 million during the year ended December 31, 2013 and are included in General and administrative expense in the accompanying consolidated statements of income. In addition, in connection with the acquisition, we assumed certain stock options, which are exercisable for 285,817 shares of our common stock, for which the vesting period reset fully upon the closing of the transaction. 2013 Other Acquisitions
During the third quarter of 2013, we acquired all of the issued and outstanding securities of a privately-held company. The total cash consideration for this transaction was approximately $5.3 million. We will pay contingent consideration of up to $3.0 million in cash upon the satisfaction of certain milestone achievements, as defined pursuant to the share purchase agreement. This business became part of our SaaS division. Transaction costs associated with the acquisition were approximately $0.2 million, all of which we expensed during the year ended December 31, 2013, and are included in General and administrative expense in the accompanying consolidated statements of income.
During the fourth quarter of 2013, we acquired all of the issued and outstanding securities of a privately-held company. The total cash consideration for this transaction was approximately $5.5 million. This business became part of our Enterprise and Service Provider division. Transaction costs associated with the acquisition were approximately $0.2 million, all of which we expensed during the year ended December 31, 2013, and are included in General and administrative expense in the accompanying consolidated statements of income.
We have included the effects of all of the companies acquired in 2013 in our results of operations prospectively from the date of each acquisition. 2012 Acquisitions
ByteMobile
In July 2012, we acquired all of the issued and outstanding securities of ByteMobile, a privately-held provider of data and video optimization solutions for mobile network operators. ByteMobile became part of our Enterprise and Service Provider division and extends our industry reach into the mobile and cloud markets. The total consideration for this transaction was approximately $399.5 million, net of $5.6 million of cash acquired, and was paid in cash. Transaction costs associated with the acquisition were approximately $2.1 million, all of which we expensed during the year ended December 31, 2012 and are included in General and administrative expense in the accompanying consolidated statements of income.
Podio
In April 2012, we acquired all of the issued and outstanding securities of Podio, a privately-held provider of a cloud-based collaborative work platform. Podio became part of our SaaS division and expands our offerings of integrated cloud-based support for team-based collaboration. The total consideration for this transaction was approximately $43.6 million, net of $1.7 million of cash acquired, and was paid in cash. Transaction costs associated with the acquisition were approximately $0.5 million, all of which we expensed during the year ended December 31, 2012 and are included in General and administrative expense in our accompanying consolidated statements of income. In addition, in connection with the acquisition, we assumed non-vested stock units which were converted into the right to receive up to 127,668 shares of our common stock, for which the vesting period reset fully upon the closing of the transaction. 2012 Other Acquisitions
During the first quarter of 2012, we acquired all of the issued and outstanding securities of a privately-held company for total cash consideration of approximately $24.6 million, net of $0.6 million of cash acquired. This business became part of our Enterprise and Service Provider division. Transaction costs associated with the acquisition were approximately $0.5 million, of which we expensed $0.4 million during the year ended December 31, 2012 and are included in General and administrative expense in the accompanying consolidated statements of income. In addition, in connection with this acquisition, we assumed non-vested stock units which were converted into the right to receive up to 13,481 shares of our common stock and assumed


certain stock options which are exercisable for 12,017 shares of our common stock, for which the vesting period reset fully upon the closing of the transaction.
During the second quarter of 2012, we acquired all of the issued and outstanding securities of two privately-held companies for a total cash consideration of approximately $15.4 million, net of $0.2 million of cash acquired. The businesses became part of our Enterprise and Service Provider division. Transaction costs associated with the acquisitions were approximately $0.4 million, all of which we expensed during the year ended December 31, 2012 and are included in General and administrative expense in the accompanying consolidated statements of income. In addition, in connection with the acquisitions, we assumed non-vested stock units which were converted into the right to receive, in the aggregate, up to 66,459 shares of our common stock, for which the vesting period reset fully upon the closing of each respective transaction.
During the third quarter of 2012, we acquired all of the issued and outstanding securities of two privately-held companies for a total cash consideration of approximately $5.3 million. One of the businesses became part of our Enterprise and Service Provider division and the other became part of our SaaS division. Transaction costs associated with the acquisitions were approximately $0.2 million, all of which we expensed during the year ended December 31, 2012 and are included in General and administrative expense in the accompanying consolidated statements of income. In addition, in connection with the acquisitions, we assumed non-vested stock units which were converted into the right to receive, in the aggregate, up to 13,487 shares of our common stock, for which the vesting period reset fully upon the closing of each respective transaction.
Subsequent Events
On January 8, 2014, we acquired all of the issued and outstanding securities of Framehawk. The Framehawk solution, which optimizes the delivery of virtual desktops and applications to mobile devices, will be combined with Citrix HDX technologies in the Citrix XenApp and XenDesktop products to deliver an unparalleled user experience over highly latent and erratic mobile network conditions. The total preliminary consideration for this transaction was approximately $27.9 million, net of $0.3 million of cash acquired, and was paid in cash. Transaction costs associated with the acquisition are currently estimated at $0.1 million, all of which we expensed during the year ended December 31, 2013 and are included in General and administrative expense in the accompanying consolidated statements of income. Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates Our discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations are based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent liabilities. We base these estimates on our historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, and these estimates form the basis for our judgments concerning the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. We periodically evaluate these estimates and judgments based on available information and experience. Actual results could differ from our estimates under different assumptions and conditions. If actual results significantly differ from our estimates, our financial condition and results of operations could be materially impacted. We believe that the accounting policies described below are critical to understanding our business, results of operations and financial condition because they involve more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements. An accounting policy is deemed to be critical if it requires an accounting estimate to be made based on assumptions about matters that are highly uncertain at the time the estimate is made, and if different estimates that could have been used, or changes in the accounting estimates that are reasonably likely to occur periodically, could materially impact our consolidated financial statements. We have discussed the development, selection and application of our critical accounting policies with the Audit Committee of our Board of Directors and our independent auditors, and our Audit Committee has reviewed our disclosure relating to our critical accounting policies and estimates in this "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations." Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013 describes the significant accounting policies and methods used in the preparation of our Consolidated Financial Statements.


Revenue Recognition
We recognize revenue when it is earned and when all of the following criteria are met: persuasive evidence of the arrangement exists; delivery has occurred or the service has been provided and we have no remaining obligations; the fee is fixed or determinable; and collectability is probable. We define these four criteria as follows:
Persuasive evidence of the arrangement exists. We primarily sell our software products via electronic or paper licenses and typically require a purchase order from the distributor, reseller or end-user (depending on the arrangement) who have previously negotiated a master distribution or resale agreement and an executed product license agreement from the end-user. For appliance sales, our customary practice is to require a purchase order from distributors and resellers who have previously negotiated a master packaged product distribution or resale agreement. We typically recognize revenue upon shipment for our appliance sales. For maintenance, technical support, product training and consulting services, we require a purchase order and an executed agreement. For SaaS, we generally require the customer or the reseller to electronically accept the terms of an online services agreement or execute a contract.

Delivery has occurred and we have no remaining obligations. We consider delivery of licenses under electronic licensing agreements to have occurred when the related products are shipped and the end-user has been electronically provided the software activation keys that allow the end-user to take immediate possession of the product. For hardware appliance sales, our standard delivery method is free-on-board shipping point. Consequently, we consider delivery of appliances to have occurred when the products are shipped pursuant to an agreement and purchase order. For SaaS, delivery occurs upon providing the users with their login id and password. For product training and consulting services, we fulfill our obligation when the services are performed. For license updates and maintenance, we assume that our obligation is satisfied ratably over the respective terms of the agreements, which are typically 12 to 24 months. For SaaS, we assume that our obligation is satisfied ratably over the respective terms of the agreements, which are typically 12 months.

The fee is fixed or determinable. In the normal course of business, we do not provide customers with the right to a refund of any portion of their license fees or extended payment terms. The fees are considered fixed or determinable upon establishment of an arrangement that contains the final terms of the sale including description, quantity and price of each product or service purchased. For SaaS, the fee is considered fixed or determinable if it is not subject to refund or adjustment.

Collectability is probable. We determine collectability on a customer-by-customer basis and generally do not require collateral. We typically sell product licenses and license updates to distributors or resellers for whom there are histories of successful collection. New customers are typically subject to a credit review process that evaluates their financial position and ultimately their ability to pay. Customers are also subject to an ongoing credit review process. If we determine from the outset of an arrangement that collectability is not probable, revenue recognition is deferred until customer payment is received and the other parameters of revenue recognition described above have been achieved. Management's judgment is required in assessing the probability of collection, which is generally based on an evaluation of customer specific information, historical experience and economic market conditions.

The majority of our product and license revenue consists of revenue from the sale of stand-alone software products. Stand-alone software sales generally include a perpetual license to our software and are subject to the industry specific software revenue recognition guidance. In accordance with this guidance, we allocate revenue to license updates related to our stand-alone software and any other undelivered elements of the arrangement based on VSOE of fair value of each element and such amounts are deferred until the applicable delivery criteria and other revenue recognition criteria described above have been met. The balance of the revenues, net of any discounts inherent in the arrangement, is recognized at the outset of the arrangement using the residual method as the product licenses are delivered. If management cannot objectively determine the fair value of each undelivered element based on VSOE of fair value, revenue recognition is deferred until all elements are delivered, all services have been performed, or until fair value can be objectively determined. We also make certain judgments to record estimated reductions to revenue for customer programs and incentive offerings including volume-based incentives, at the time sales are recorded.
For hardware appliance and software transactions, the arrangement consideration is allocated to stand-alone software deliverables as a group and the non-software deliverables based on the relative selling prices of using the selling price hierarchy in the revenue recognition guidance. The selling price hierarchy for a deliverable is based on its VSOE if available, third-party evidence, or TPE, if VSOE is not available, or estimated selling price if neither VSOE nor TPE is available. We then recognize revenue on each deliverable in accordance with our policies for product and service revenue recognition. VSOE of selling price is based on the price charged when the element is sold separately. In determining VSOE, we require that a substantial majority of the selling prices fall within a reasonable range based on historical discounting trends for specific products and services. TPE


of selling price is established by evaluating competitor products or services in stand-alone sales to similarly situated customers. However, as our products contain a significant element of proprietary technology and our solutions offer substantially different features and functionality, the comparable pricing of products with similar functionality typically cannot be obtained. Additionally, as we are unable to reliably determine what competitors products' selling prices are on a stand-alone basis, we are not typically able to determine TPE. The estimate of selling price is established considering multiple factors including, but not limited to, pricing practices in different geographies and through different sales channels and competitor pricing strategies.
For our non-software transactions we allocate the arrangement consideration based on the relative selling price of the deliverables. For our hardware appliances we use ESP as our selling price. For our support and services, we generally use VSOE as our selling price. When we are unable to establish selling price using VSOE for our support and services, we use ESP in our allocation of arrangement consideration.
Our SaaS products are considered service arrangements per the authoritative guidance; accordingly, fees related to online service agreements are recognized ratably over the contract term. In addition, SaaS revenues may also include set-up fees, which are recognized ratably over the contract term or the expected customer life, whichever is longer. Generally, our SaaS is sold separately and not bundled with Enterprise and Service Provider division products and services. See Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013 for further information on our revenue recognition. . . .

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