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UHAL > SEC Filings for UHAL > Form 10-Q on 5-Feb-2014All Recent SEC Filings

Show all filings for AMERCO /NV/

Form 10-Q for AMERCO /NV/


Quarterly Report

ITEM 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations


We begin Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations ("MD&A") with the overall strategy of AMERCO, followed by a description of and strategy related to, our operating segments to give the reader an overview of the goals of our businesses and the direction in which our businesses and products are moving. We then discuss our critical accounting policies and estimates that we believe are important to understanding the assumptions and judgments incorporated in our reported financial results. Next, we discuss our results of operations for the third quarter and first nine months of fiscal 2014, compared with the third quarter and first nine months of fiscal 2013, which is followed by an analysis of changes in our balance sheets and cash flows, and a discussion of our financial commitments in the sections entitled Liquidity and Capital Resources and Disclosures about Contractual Obligations and Commercial Commitments and a discussion of off-balance sheet arrangements. We conclude this MD&A by discussing our current outlook for the remainder of fiscal 2014.

This MD&A should be read in conjunction with the other sections of this Quarterly Report, including the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. The various sections of this MD&A contain a number of forward-looking statements, as discussed under the caption, Cautionary Statements Regarding Forward-Looking Statements, all of which are based on our current expectations and could be affected by the uncertainties and risks described throughout this filing or in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2013. Many of these risks and uncertainties are beyond our control and our actual results may differ materially from these forward-looking statements.

AMERCO, a Nevada corporation ("AMERCO"), has a third fiscal quarter that ends on the 31st of December for each year that is referenced. Our insurance company subsidiaries have a third quarter that ends on the 30th of September for each year that is referenced. They have been consolidated on that basis. Our insurance companies' financial reporting processes conform to calendar year reporting as required by state insurance departments. Management believes that consolidating their calendar year into our fiscal year financial statements does not materially affect the financial position or results of operations. The Company discloses any material events occurring during the intervening period. Consequently, all references to our insurance subsidiaries' years 2013 and 2012 correspond to fiscal 2014 and 2013 for AMERCO.

Overall Strategy

Our overall strategy is to maintain our leadership position in the North American "do-it-yourself" moving and storage industry. We accomplish this by providing a seamless and integrated supply chain to the "do-it-yourself" moving and storage market. As part of executing this strategy, we leverage the brand recognition of U-Haul with our full line of moving and self-storage related products and services and the convenience of our broad geographic presence.

Our primary focus is to provide our customers with a wide selection of moving rental equipment, convenient self-storage rental facilities and related moving and self-storage products and services. We are able to expand our distribution and improve customer service by increasing the amount of moving equipment and storage rooms and portable moving and storage pods available for rent, expanding the number of independent dealers in our network and expanding and taking advantage of our growing eMove® capabilities.

Our Property and Casualty Insurance operating segment is focused on providing and administering property and casualty insurance to U-Haul and its customers, its independent dealers and affiliates.

Our Life Insurance operating segment is focused on long-term capital growth through direct writing and reinsuring of life, Medicare supplement and annuity products in the senior marketplace.

Description of Operating Segments

AMERCO's three reportable segments are:

• Moving and Storage, comprised of AMERCO, U-Haul, and Real Estate and the subsidiaries of U-Haul and Real Estate,

• Property and Casualty Insurance, comprised of Repwest and its subsidiaries and ARCOA, and

• Life Insurance, comprised of Oxford and its subsidiaries.

Moving and Storage Operating Segment

Our Moving and Storage operating segment consists of the rental of trucks, trailers, portable moving and storage pods, specialty rental items and self-storage spaces primarily to the household mover as well as sales of moving supplies, towing accessories and propane. Operations are conducted under the registered trade name U-Haul® throughout the United States and Canada.

With respect to our truck, trailer, portable moving and storage pods, specialty rental items and self-storage rental business, we are focused on expanding our dealer network, which provides added convenience for our customers and expanding the selection and availability of rental equipment to satisfy the needs of our customers.

U-Haul brand self-moving related products and services, such as boxes, pads and tape allow our customers to, among other things, protect their belongings from potential damage during the moving process. We are committed to providing a complete line of products selected with the "do-it-yourself" moving and storage customer in mind.

eMove is an online marketplace that connects consumers to independent Moving Help® service providers and thousands of independent U-Haul Self-Storage Affiliates. Our network of customer rated affiliates and service providers furnish, pack and load help, cleaning help, self-storage and similar services, all over North America. Our goal is to further utilize our web-based technology platform to increase service to consumers and businesses in the moving and storage market.

Since 1945, U-Haul has incorporated sustainable practices into its everyday operations. We believe that our basic business premise of equipment sharing helps reduce greenhouse gas emissions and reduces the need for total large capacity vehicles. We continue to look for ways to reduce waste within our business and are dedicated to manufacturing reusable components and recyclable products. We believe that our commitment to sustainability, through our products and services and everyday operations, has helped us to reduce our impact on the environment.

Property and Casualty Insurance Operating Segment

Our Property and Casualty Insurance operating segment provides loss adjusting and claims handling for U-Haul through regional offices across North America. Our Property and Casualty Insurance operating segment also underwrites components of the Safemove, Safetow, Safemove Plus, Safestor and Safestor Mobile protection packages to U-Haul customers. We continue to focus on increasing the penetration of these products into the moving and storage market. The business plan for our Property and Casualty Insurance operating segment includes offering property and casualty products in other U-Haul related programs.

Life Insurance Operating Segment

Our Life Insurance operating segment provides life and health insurance products primarily to the senior market through the direct writing and reinsuring of life insurance, Medicare supplement and annuity policies.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Our financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") in the United States. The methods, estimates and judgments we use in applying our accounting policies can have a significant impact on the results we report in our financial statements. Certain accounting policies require us to make difficult and subjective judgments and assumptions, often as a result of the need to estimate matters that are inherently uncertain.

In the following pages we have set forth, with a detailed description, the accounting policies that we deem most critical to us and that require management's most difficult and subjective judgments. These estimates are based on historical experience, observance of trends in particular areas, information and valuations available from outside sources and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances and which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual amounts may differ from these estimates under different assumptions and conditions; such differences may be material.

We also have other policies that we consider key accounting policies, such as revenue recognition; however, these policies do not meet the definition of critical accounting estimates, because they do not generally require us to make estimates or judgments that are difficult or subjective. The accounting policies that we deem most critical to us, and involve the most difficult, subjective or complex judgments include the following:

Principles of Consolidation

We apply ASC 810 in our principles of consolidation. ASC 810 addresses arrangements where a company does not hold a majority of the voting or similar interests of a VIE. A company is required to consolidate a VIE if it has determined it is the primary beneficiary. ASC 810 also addresses the policy when a company owns a majority of the voting or similar rights and exercises effective control.

As promulgated by ASC 810, a VIE is not self-supportive due to having one or both of the following conditions: (i) it has an insufficient amount of equity for it to finance its activities without receiving additional subordinated financial support or (ii) its owners do not hold the typical risks and rights of equity owners. This determination is made upon the creation of a variable interest and is re-assessed on an on-going basis should certain changes in the operations of a VIE, or its relationship with the primary beneficiary trigger a reconsideration under the provisions of ASC 810. After a triggering event occurs the facts and circumstances are utilized in determining whether or not a company is a VIE, which other company(s) have a variable interest in the entity, and whether or not the company's interest is such that it is the primary beneficiary.

We will continue to monitor our relationships with the other entities regarding who is the primary beneficiary, which could change based on facts and circumstances of any reconsideration events.

Recoverability of Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost. Interest expense incurred during the initial construction of buildings and rental equipment is considered part of cost. Depreciation is computed for financial reporting purposes using the straight-line or an accelerated method based on a declining balance formula over the following estimated useful lives: rental equipment 2-20 years and buildings and non-rental equipment 3-55 years. We follow the deferral method of accounting based on ASC 908 - Airlines for major overhauls in which engine and transmission overhauls are currently capitalized and amortized over three years. Routine maintenance costs are charged to operating expense as they are incurred. Gains and losses on dispositions of property, plant and equipment are netted against depreciation expense when realized. Equipment depreciation is recognized in amounts expected to result in the recovery of estimated residual values upon disposal, i.e., minimize gains or losses. In determining the depreciation rate, historical disposal experience, holding periods and trends in the market for vehicles are reviewed.

We regularly perform reviews to determine whether facts and circumstances exist which indicate that the carrying amount of assets, including estimates of residual value, may not be recoverable or that the useful life of assets are shorter or longer than originally estimated. Reductions in residual values (i.e., the price at which we ultimately expect to dispose of revenue earning equipment) or useful lives will result in an increase in depreciation expense over the life of the equipment. Reviews are performed based on vehicle class, generally subcategories of trucks and trailers. We assess the recoverability of our assets by comparing the projected undiscounted net cash flows associated with the related asset or group of assets over their estimated remaining lives against their respective carrying amounts. We consider factors such as current and expected future market price trends on used vehicles and the expected life of vehicles included in the fleet. Impairment, if any, is based on the excess of the carrying amount over the fair value of those assets. If asset residual values are determined to be recoverable, but the useful lives are shorter or longer than originally estimated, the net book value of the assets is depreciated over the newly determined remaining useful lives.

Management determined that additions to the fleet resulting from purchases should be depreciated on an accelerated method based upon a declining formula. Under the declining balances method (2.4 times declining balance), the book value of a rental truck is reduced approximately 16%, 13%, 11%, 9%, 8%, 7%, and 6% during years one through seven, respectively, and then reduced on a straight line basis to a salvage value of 20% by the end of year fifteen. Beginning in October 2012, rental equipment subject to this depreciation schedule is being depreciated to a salvage value of 15%. This change had an immaterial effect on our current financial statements. Comparatively, a standard straight line approach would reduce the book value evenly by approximately 5.7% per year over the life of the truck.

Although we intend to sell our used vehicles for prices approximating book value, the extent to which we realize a gain or loss on the sale of used vehicles is dependent upon various factors including, but not limited to, the general state of the used vehicle market, the age and condition of the vehicle at the time of its disposal and the depreciation rates with respect to the vehicle. We typically sell our used vehicles at our sales centers throughout North America, on our web site at or by phone at 866-404-0355. Additionally, we sell a large portion of our pickup and cargo van fleet at automobile dealer auctions.

Insurance Reserves

Liabilities for life insurance and certain annuity and health policies are established to meet the estimated future obligations of policies in force, and are based on mortality, morbidity and withdrawal assumptions from recognized actuarial tables which contain margins for adverse deviation. In addition, liabilities for health, disability and other policies include estimates of payments to be made on insurance claims for reported losses and estimates of losses incurred, but not yet reported. Liabilities for annuity contracts consist of contract account balances that accrue to the benefit of the policyholders.

Insurance reserves for our Property and Casualty Insurance operating segment and U-Haul take into account losses incurred based upon actuarial estimates and are management's best approximation of future payments. These estimates are based upon past claims experience and current claim trends as well as social and economic conditions such as changes in legal theories and inflation. These reserves consist of case reserves for reported losses and a provision for losses incurred but not reported ("IBNR"), both reduced by applicable reinsurance recoverables, resulting in a net liability.

Due to the nature of the underlying risks and high degree of uncertainty associated with the determination of the liability for future policy benefits and claims, the amounts to be ultimately paid to settle these liabilities cannot be precisely determined and may vary significantly from the estimated liability, especially for long-tailed casualty lines of business such as excess workers' compensation. As a result of the long-tailed nature of the excess workers' compensation policies written by Repwest during 1983 through 2002, and similar policies assumed by Repwest during 2001 through 2003, it may take a number of years for claims to be fully reported and finally settled.

On a regular basis, insurance reserve adequacy is reviewed by management to determine if existing assumptions need to be updated. In determining the assumptions for calculating workers' compensation reserves, management considers multiple factors including the following:

• Claimant longevity

• Cost trends associated with claimant treatments

• Changes in ceding entity and third party administrator reporting practices

• Changes in environmental factors including legal and regulatory

• Current conditions affecting claim settlements

• Future economic conditions including inflation

We have reserved each claim based upon the accumulation of current claim costs projected through the claimants' life expectancy, and then adjusted for applicable reinsurance arrangements. Management reviews each claim bi-annually to determine if the estimated life-time claim costs have increased and then adjusts the reserve estimate accordingly at that time. We have factored in an estimate of what the potential cost increases could be in our IBNR liability. We have not assumed settlement of the existing claims in calculating the reserve amount, unless it is in the final stages of completion.

Continued increases in claim costs, including medical inflation and new treatments and medications could lead to future adverse development resulting in additional reserve strengthening. Conversely, settlement of existing claims or if injured workers return to work or expire prematurely, could lead to future positive development.

Impairment of Investments

Investments are evaluated pursuant to guidance contained in ASC 320 - Investments - Debt and Equity Securities to determine if and when a decline in market value below amortized cost is other-than-temporary. Management makes certain assumptions or judgments in its assessment including, but not limited to: ability and intent to hold the security, quoted market prices, dealer quotes or discounted cash flows, industry factors, financial factors, and issuer specific information such as credit strength. Other-than-temporary impairment in value is recognized in the current period operating results. There were no write downs in the third quarter or for the first nine months of fiscal 2014 and 2013.

Income Taxes

AMERCO files a consolidated tax return with all of its legal subsidiaries.

Our tax returns are periodically reviewed by various taxing authorities. The final outcome of these audits may cause changes that could materially impact our financial results.

Fair Values

Fair values of cash equivalents approximate carrying value due to the short period of time to maturity. Fair values of short term investments, investments available-for-sale, long term investments, mortgage loans and notes on real estate, and interest rate swap contracts are based on quoted market prices, dealer quotes or discounted cash flows. Fair values of trade receivables approximate their recorded value.

Our financial instruments that are exposed to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of temporary cash investments, trade receivables, reinsurance recoverables and notes receivable. Limited credit risk exists on trade receivables due to the diversity of our customer base and their dispersion across broad geographic markets. We place our temporary cash investments with financial institutions and limit the amount of credit exposure to any one financial institution.

We have mortgage receivables, which potentially expose us to credit risk. The portfolio of notes is principally collateralized by self-storage facilities and commercial properties. We have not experienced any material losses related to the notes from individual or groups of notes in any particular industry or geographic area. The estimated fair values were determined using the discounted cash flow method and using interest rates currently offered for similar loans to borrowers with similar credit ratings.

The carrying amount of long term debt and short term borrowings are estimated to approximate fair value as the actual interest rate is consistent with the rate estimated to be currently available for debt of similar term and remaining maturity.

Other investments including short term investments are substantially current or bear reasonable interest rates. As a result, the carrying values of these financial instruments approximate fair value.

Subsequent Events

Our management has evaluated subsequent events occurring after December 31, 2013, the date of our most recent balance sheet, through the date our financial statements were issued. We entered into two new loans and declared a special cash dividend on our common stock please see Note 15, Subsequent Events of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for a discussion of these events that occurred after December 31, 2013. Other than these new borrowings and the declared cash dividend, we do not believe any other subsequent events have occurred that would require further disclosure or adjustment to our financial statements.

Adoption of New Accounting Pronouncements

In February 2013, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2013-02, Reporting of Amounts Reclassified Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income, ("ASU 2013-02") an amendment to FASB ASC Topic 220. The update requires disclosure of amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income by component. In addition, an entity is required to present either on the face of the statement of operations or in the notes, significant amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income by the respective line items of net income but only if the amount reclassified is required to be reclassified to net income in its entirety in the same reporting period. For amounts not reclassified in their entirety to net income, an entity is required to cross-reference to other disclosures that provide additional detail about those amounts. This ASU is effective prospectively for the Company's fiscal years, and interim periods within those years beginning after December 15, 2012. We adopted ASU 2013-02 in the first quarter of fiscal 2014 and it did not have a material impact on our financial statements.

From time to time, new accounting pronouncements are issued by the FASB or the SEC that are adopted by the Company as of the specified effective date. Unless otherwise discussed, these ASU's entail technical corrections to existing guidance or affect guidance related to specialized industries or entities and therefore will have minimal, if any, impact on our financial position or results of operations upon adoption.

Results of Operations

AMERCO and Consolidated Entities

Quarter Ended December 31, 2013 compared with the Quarter Ended December 31,

Listed below on a consolidated basis are revenues for our major product lines
for the third quarter of fiscal 2014 and the third quarter of fiscal 2013:

                                                        Quarter Ended December 31,
                                                          2013              2012
                                                              (In thousands)
Self-moving equipment rentals                      $       436,207   $       394,945
Self-storage revenues                                       46,120            39,111
Self-moving and self-storage products and service
sales                                                       47,045            44,491
Property management fees                                     7,133             6,085
Life insurance premiums                                     39,198            43,248
Property and casualty insurance premiums                    12,219             9,816
Net investment and interest income                          20,887            22,603
Other revenue                                               32,537            22,188
Consolidated revenue                               $       641,346   $       582,487

Self-moving equipment rental revenues increased $41.3 million during the third quarter of fiscal 2014, compared with the third quarter of fiscal 2013. Increased truck and trailer transaction volume is the primary factor for the improvement in revenue. Our ability to serve these additional customers has been made possible through the continued expansion of the rental equipment fleet combined with incremental utilization improvements along with the convenience of additional retail locations.

Self-storage revenues increased $7.0 million during the third quarter of fiscal 2014, compared with the third quarter of fiscal 2013 with the average monthly amount of occupied square feet increasing by nearly 17%. The growth in revenues and square feet rented comes from a combination of improved occupancy at existing locations as well as the addition of new facilities to the portfolio. Over the last twelve months we have added approximately 2.1 million net rentable square feet to the self-storage portfolio.

Sales of self-moving and self-storage products and services increased $2.6 million during the third quarter of fiscal 2014, compared with the third quarter of fiscal 2013. Increases were recognized in the sales of moving supplies, propane and towing accessories and related installations.

Life insurance premiums decreased $4.0 million during the third quarter of fiscal 2014, compared with the third quarter of fiscal 2013 due primarily to reduced life insurance premiums and Medicare supplement premiums.

Property and casualty insurance premiums increased $2.4 million during the third quarter of fiscal 2014, compared with the third quarter of fiscal 2013 due to increased moving and storage transactions at U-Haul which resulted in additional sales of related insurance products.

Net investment and interest income decreased $1.7 million during the third quarter of fiscal 2014, compared with the third quarter of fiscal 2013. Gains from mortgage loan holdings decreased at our Moving and Storage operating segment compared with the same period last year. This decrease was somewhat offset by increased investment income from the Life Insurance operating segment due to a larger invested asset base and realized gains compared to the same period last year.

Other revenue increased $10.3 million during the third quarter of fiscal 2014, compared with the third quarter of fiscal 2013 primarily from the expansion of new business initiatives including our U-BoxTM program.

As a result of the items mentioned above, revenues for AMERCO and its consolidated entities were $641.3 million for the third quarter of fiscal 2014, compared with $582.5 million for the third quarter of fiscal 2013.

Listed below are revenues and earnings from operations at each of our operating segments for the third quarter of fiscal 2014 and the third quarter of fiscal 2013. The insurance companies' third quarters ended September 30, 2013 and 2012.

                                                        Quarter Ended December 31,
                                                          2013              2012
                                                              (In thousands)
Moving and storage
Revenues                                           $       578,162   $       514,806
Earnings from operations before equity in earnings
of subsidiaries                                             92,173            72,781
Property and casualty insurance
Revenues                                                    15,228            11,865
Earnings from operations                                     5,716             2,062
Life insurance
Revenues                                                    53,152            56,766
Earnings from operations                                     8,229             7,181
. . .
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