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PDH > SEC Filings for PDH > Form 10-Q on 14-Nov-2013All Recent SEC Filings

Show all filings for PETROLOGISTICS LP

Form 10-Q for PETROLOGISTICS LP


14-Nov-2013

Quarterly Report


Item 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Unless the context otherwise requires, references in this report to the "Predecessor," "we," "our," "us" or like terms, when used for periods prior to the closing of our initial public offering (the "IPO") on May 9, 2012, refer to PL Propylene LLC, our Predecessor for accounting purposes. References in this report to "PetroLogistics LP," "the Partnership," "we," "our," "us" or like terms used for periods after the IPO, refer to PetroLogistics LP. References in this report to our "Sponsors" refer to Lindsay Goldberg LLC ("Lindsay Goldberg") and York Capital Management, which collectively and indirectly own 84% of PetroLogistics GP (our "General Partner") and directly and indirectly own 63% of our common units. See Note 3 to our consolidated financial statements for information regarding the IPO.

You should read the following discussion of the financial condition and results of operations for the Partnership in conjunction with (i) our accompanying interim consolidated financial statements and related notes (included elsewhere in this report); (ii) our consolidated financial statements and related notes included in our 2012 Form 10-K; and (iii) our management's discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations included in our 2012 Form 10-K.

Forward-Looking Statements

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including this Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, contains "forward-looking statements" as defined by the SEC. Such statements are those concerning contemplated transactions and strategic plans, expectations and objectives for future operations. These include, without limitation:

statements, other than statements of historical fact, that address activities, events or developments that we expect, believe or anticipate will or may occur in the future;

statements relating to future performance, future capital sources and other matters; and

any other statements preceded by, followed by or that include the words "anticipates," "believes," "expects," "plans," "intends," "estimates," "projects," "could," "should," "may" or similar expressions.

Although we believe that our plans, intentions and expectations reflected in or suggested by the forward-looking statements we make in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including this Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, are reasonable, we can give no assurance that such plans, intentions or expectations will be achieved. These statements are based on assumptions made by us based on our experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions, expected future developments and other factors that we believe are appropriate in the circumstances. Such statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control. You are cautioned that any such statements are not guarantees of future performance, and actual results or developments may differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including but not limited to those set forth under "Risk Factors" in our annual report on Form 10-K as filed with the SEC on March 8, 2013. Such factors include, among others:

our ability to service our debt or pay cash distributions to our unitholders;

the volatile nature of our business;

our ability to forecast our future financial condition or results;

competition from other propylene producers;

our reliance on propane that we purchase from Enterprise Products Operating LLC;

our reliance on other third-party suppliers;

the supply and price levels of propane and propylene;

the risk of a material decline in production at our propane dehydrogenation facility;

potential operating hazards from accidents, fire, severe weather, floods or other natural disasters;

the risk associated with governmental policies affecting the petrochemical industry;

capital expenditures and potential liabilities arising from environmental laws and regulations;

our potential inability to obtain or renew permits;

existing and proposed environmental laws and regulations, including those relating to climate change, alternative energy or fuel sources, and on the end-use and application of propylene;

new regulations concerning the transportation of hazardous chemicals, risks of terrorism and the security of propane processing facilities;

our lack of asset diversification;

our dependence on a limited number of significant customers;

our ability to comply with employee safety laws and regulations;

potential disruptions in the global or U.S. capital and credit markets;

our potential inability to successfully implement our business strategies;

our potential inability to complete our required planned major maintenance projects and other significant capital expenditure projects on time, within budget or both;


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additional risks, compliance costs and liabilities from expansions or acquisitions;

our reliance on certain members of our senior management team and other key personnel of our General Partner;

the potential development of integrated propylene facilities by competitors or our current customers, displacing us as suppliers;

the potential shortage of skilled labor or loss of key personnel;

our ability to secure appropriate and adequate debt facilities at a reasonable cost of capital;

restrictions in our debt agreements;

the dependence on our subsidiary for cash to meet our debt obligations;

our limited operating history;

risks relating to our relationships with our sponsors; and

changes in our treatment as a partnership for U.S. income or state tax purposes.

Initial Public Offering

On May 4, 2012, our common units began trading on the NYSE under the symbol "PDH." On May 9, 2012, we completed our IPO of 35,000,000 common units representing limited partner interests. Pursuant to a Registration Statement on Form S-1, as amended through the date of its effectiveness, we sold 1,500,000 common units, and Propylene Holdings LLC sold 33,500,000 common units at a price to the public of $17.00 per common unit ($15.98 per common unit, net of underwriting discounts). Immediately prior to the IPO, the outstanding limited partner interests in the Partnership were recapitalized into 139,000,000 common units pursuant to an amended and restated limited partnership agreement. We received net proceeds of approximately $24.0 million from the sale of the common units, after deducting underwriting discounts.

Overview

We currently own and operate the only U.S. propane dehydrogenation (or "PDH") facility (or the "facility") producing propylene from propane. Propylene is one of the basic building blocks for petrochemicals that is utilized in the production of a variety of end uses including paints, coatings, building materials, clothing, automotive parts, packaging and a range of other consumer and industrial products. We are the only independent, dedicated "on-purpose" propylene producer in North America. We are strategically located in the vicinity of the Houston Ship Channel which is situated within the largest propylene consumption region in North America. We also have access to the leading global fractionation and storage hub for propane located at Mt. Belvieu, Texas. Our location provides us with excellent access and connectivity to both customers and feedstock suppliers. Our facility had an original nameplate capacity of 1.2 billion pounds of propylene annually. However, based on plant optimization and operating improvements, our facility currently has an annual production capacity of approximately 1.4 billion pounds. In 2012 we produced 1.26 billion pounds of propylene. We commenced operations in October 2010 followed by an approximately year-long start-up and plant optimization phase.

We currently have multi-year contracts for the sale of our propylene with The Dow Chemical Company (or "Dow"), Total Petrochemicals USA, Inc. (or "Total"), BASF Corporation (or "BASF") and INEOS Olefins and Polymers USA (or "INEOS") that expire between 2013 and 2018 and a one-year contract with LyondellBasell Industries N.V. (or "LyondellBasell") that ends in December 2013. Effective November 1, 2013, we amended our contract with INEOS to extend the contract to December 31, 2016. Our customer contracts provide for minimum and maximum offtake volumes, with the minimum customer-contracted volumes representing approximately 78% of our current facility capacity and the maximum reflecting approximately 100% of our current facility capacity through the end of 2013.
Each of our customer contracts contain pricing terms based upon market rates. In addition to our contracted sales, we have and will continue to make additional propylene sales on a spot basis. We also opportunistically purchase propylene on a spot basis to enable us to maintain adequate inventory.

Propylene comprised approximately 98% of our sales during both the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013. Propylene comprised 96% and 97% of our sales during the same periods in 2012, respectively. In addition to propylene, we also produce commercial quantities of hydrogen and C4 mix/C5+ streams, which do not represent a material part of our production.

Factors Affecting the Comparability of Future Results

Our historical results of operations and cash flows may not be indicative of results of operations and cash flows to be expected in the future, principally for the following reasons:

We will periodically experience planned and unplanned downtime. Safe and reliable operations at our facility are critical to our performance and financial results. For this reason, we plan for periodic periods of major maintenance. Our first triennial maintenance project, or turnaround, commenced on September 28, 2013, with the most significant activity being the replacement of the reactor catalyst which is required approximately every three years based on estimated catalyst life. The 2013 turnaround lasted approximately 32 days and had a total cost of $46 to $49 million which includes capital costs, deferred costs and repairs and maintenance expense. The scope of the work completed during the turnaround included additional work within the reactors and the completion of other projects that were designed to improve our reliability. For the month of October, we sold approximately 89 million pounds of propylene. See "- Forward Looking Statements - our potential inability to complete our required planned major maintenance projects and other significant capital expenditure projects on time, within budget or both."


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Of the planned major maintenance costs, any costs that meet certain U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) criteria will be deferred and amortized using the straight-line method over the period until the next planned major maintenance project, which is approximately every three years.
Additionally, we may undertake capital or other maintenance projects in connection with our planned major maintenance and/or expansion projects. If we elect to undertake such projects, they will require additional time and expense.

In addition to planned downtime for major maintenance projects, we may experience periods of unplanned downtime. For example, in June 2013, our facility experienced a stress fracture within one of our reactors, resulting in approximately ten days of unplanned downtime. We expect to be able to mitigate the financial and operational impact of future unplanned downtime through a targeted program of routine maintenance and diligent monitoring of our systems.
Downtime, whether planned or unplanned, may result in lost sales and margin, increased capital and maintenance expenditures and working capital changes.

We are incurring additional general and administrative expenses as a publicly traded partnership. Since our IPO in May 2012, we have begun to incur additional general and administrative expenses as a consequence of being a publicly traded limited partnership, including costs associated with compliance under the Exchange Act, annual and quarterly reports to unitholders, tax return and Schedule K-1 preparation and distribution, investor relations, registrar and transfer agent fees, audit fees, incremental director and officer liability insurance costs and directors' compensation as well as the costs associated with a change in our accounting information systems and incremental expenses associated with the initial implementation of our Sarbanes-Oxley 404 evaluation of internal controls.

We may enter into different financing arrangements. Our current financing arrangement may not be representative of the arrangements we will enter into in the future. For descriptions of our current financing arrangements, see "-Liquidity and Capital Resources."

Our historical results of operations reflect equity-based compensation expense that may not be indicative of future equity-based compensation expense. As of January 1, 2012, our employees became employees of our General Partner. Profits interest awards granted to non-employees were subject to periodic fair value adjustments as the awards vested. The changes in fair value were recognized in our statement of comprehensive income (loss) during the period the related services were rendered, resulting in greater volatility of our results of operations. The profits interest awards outstanding at the time of our IPO became fully vested as of the completion of our IPO, and we recorded equity-based compensation expense of $55.2 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2012. No additional expense related to these awards has been recorded after May 9, 2012, nor will any be recorded in the future. However, we have made and will continue to make future equity-based compensation awards pursuant to our long-term incentive plan.

Our historical results of operations reflect losses on commodity derivative contracts that may not be indicative of future results of operations. Commencing October 2011 through March 2012, we entered into commodity derivative contracts (the "propane swaps") with settlement dates in 2012 and 2013. On April 19, 2013, we, PL Manufacturing and the counterparty to the propane swaps agreed to terminate the propane swaps remaining as of May 1, 2013. While the Partnership did not ultimately bear the cost of the propane swaps as a result of the omnibus agreement, it remained a party to the propane swaps, and was obligated to make payments to the propane swap counterparties as they came due and to post any collateral as required, under the terms of the propane swaps. As a result, we recorded the fair value of the propane swaps on our balance sheet with the related charge being reflected in our statement of comprehensive income (loss). Volatility in the propane and crude oil commodity markets significantly affected the fair value of our commodity derivative contracts which significantly affected the gains or losses on commodity derivative contracts recognized in our statements of comprehensive income (loss). With the termination of the propane swaps, we will no longer incur such gains or losses in future periods. For the nine months ended September 30, 2013, we generated gains on the propane swaps totaling $1.7 million. We incurred losses on the propane swaps totaling $21.1 million and $163.7 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012.

During the quarter ended September 30, 2013, PL Manufacturing and the PL Manufacturing Members contributed approximately $4.8 million to the Partnership as reimbursement for realized losses on the propane swaps for the three months ended June 30, 2013. The contribution was funded through a reduction in the cash distribution paid to PL Manufacturing and the PL Manufacturing Members in August 2013. We paid a cancellation payment of $34.4 million in May 2013, of which $5.4 million was reimbursed through a reduction in the distribution paid to PL Manufacturing and the PL Manufacturing Members in May 2013 in accordance with the terms of the omnibus agreement. The remaining $29.0 million was settled with cash held as collateral by the propane swap counterparty and was immediately reimbursed by PL Manufacturing and the PL Manufacturing Members. See "-Liquidity and Capital Resources."


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Factors Affecting Results

We believe key factors that influence our business and impact our operating results are (1) the propane-to-propylene spread, (2) our facility's capacity utilization, (3) customer sales and (4) our propane-to-propylene conversion factor.

Propane-to-Propylene Spread

The price spread between propane, our sole feedstock, and propylene, our primary product, largely determines our gross margin and is the key driver of our profitability.

Propylene sales constitute substantially all of our sales. Propylene is a commodity, and its price can be cyclical and highly volatile. The price of propylene depends on a number of factors, including general economic conditions, cyclical trends in end-user markets and supply and demand balances. The customers under our propylene sales contracts (Dow, Total, BASF, INEOS and LyondellBasell) each pay market-based prices for propylene, and a significant decrease in propylene prices would have a material adverse effect on revenue generated from these customers. In addition, a decrease in the price of propylene would result in decreased revenue from any sales of propylene on the spot market. Assuming sales of 1.3 billion pounds, a one cent increase
(decrease) in the propane-to-propylene spread results in an increase (decrease)
of $13 million in gross margin and approximately $0.09 per unit in distributable cash flow.

Propane is the sole feedstock in our production process, and the cost of propane represents a substantial portion of our cost of sales. Enterprise supplies 100% of our required propane feedstock volume under a multi-year contract at market-based prices, which prices are subject to fluctuations in response to changes in supply, demand, market uncertainties and a variety of additional factors beyond our control. See "Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk."

Capacity Utilization

Our facility had an original nameplate capacity of 1.2 billion pounds of propylene annually. However, based on plant optimization and operating improvements, our facility currently has an annual production capacity of approximately 1.4 billion pounds. Actual annual production will vary based on a number of factors, including the amount of downtime for planned and unplanned maintenance on the facility and overall efficiency of the facility. Any significant planned or unplanned downtime may affect not only production, and therefore sales, but also capital expenditures and direct operating expenses, primarily maintenance expenses, and fuel and utilities.

Customer Sales

Our results are affected by customer demand. When propylene production exceeds customer nominations, we build inventory for future sales or seek opportunities to sell the excess production on the spot market. When customer nominations exceed our propylene production, we may elect to satisfy the shortfall out of inventory or purchase propylene on the spot market. In the event of a shortfall associated with certain downtime, we may elect to declare force majeure. In certain circumstances, a customer will nominate more than it will actually take in a month. In those situations, we deliver the excess product into storage, defer the sales recognition until the customer takes actual delivery and recognize an exchange inventory balance with the customer. We invoice customers for quantities delivered to the customer and for quantities delivered into storage on the customer's behalf and are paid by the customer based on its actual monthly nominations. As a result of the foregoing, customer billings in one month may not result in sales until a future month.

Propane-to-Propylene Conversion Factor (Monomer Factor)

An important contributor to profitability is our propane-to-propylene conversion factor (monomer factor), which is a ratio that indicates how much propane is used to produce one pound of propylene. For 2012 we had an average propane-to-propylene conversion factor of 1.0 pound of propylene for each 1.2 pounds of propane used which was in line with our expectations for the technology used in our production process. This important statistic is a key performance metric. An increase (decrease) in the monomer factor of 0.01 results in an increase (decrease) in propane usage of approximately 3.1 million gallons per year based on annual production of 1.3 billion pounds of propylene.

How We Evaluate Our Performance

In addition to utilizing the key factors affecting our operating results described above to evaluate our performance, our management uses certain additional financial and operational measures as well. These measures include Adjusted EBITDA and health, safety and environmental performance.


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Adjusted EBITDA

We define Adjusted EBITDA as net income (loss) plus interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs (including loss on extinguishment of debt), income tax expense, depreciation, amortization and accretion, equity-based compensation expense, unrealized gain (loss) on derivatives and, effective May 9, 2012, realized gains and losses on the propane swaps. Pursuant to the omnibus agreement to the extent we made payments on the propane swaps, PL Manufacturing and the PL Manufacturing Members, through our General Partner, are responsible for making quarterly capital contributions to us in an amount equal to the sum of all payments we made under such propane swaps during the applicable fiscal quarter or that we owe at the end of the quarter resulting in a capital contribution to us and a zero net effect on cash and partners' capital. Adjusted EBITDA is a non-U.S. GAAP financial measure that may be used by our management and by external users of our financial statements, such as industry analysts, investors, lenders and rating agencies, to assess:

the ability of our assets to generate sufficient cash flow to make distributions to our unitholders;

evaluate the financial performance of our assets without regard to financing methods, capital structure, or historical cost basis; and

determine our ability to incur and service debt and fund capital expenditures.

We view Adjusted EBITDA as an important indicator of cash flow generation. Adjusted EBITDA is principally affected by our sales volumes, the propane-to-propylene spread, capacity utilization, propane-to-propylene conversion factors and, to a lesser extent, the prices of natural gas and our by-products. Other than the cost of propane and natural gas, production-related expenses generally remain stable across broad ranges of throughput volumes, but can fluctuate significantly depending on the planned and unplanned maintenance performed during a specific period. Our Adjusted EBITDA and available cash may not always correlate to each other.

Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered an alternative to net income (loss), operating income (loss), cash flows from operating activities or any other measure of financial performance presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Our Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to Adjusted EBITDA or similarly titled measures of other entities, as other entities may not calculate Adjusted EBITDA in the same manner as we do. Our management compensates for the limitations of Adjusted EBITDA as an analytical tool by reviewing the comparable U.S. GAAP measures, understanding the differences between the measures and incorporating this knowledge into management's decision-making processes. Adjusted EBITDA should not be viewed as indicative of the actual amount of cash we have available for distributions or that we plan to distribute for a given period.

The following table reconciles net income (loss) to Adjusted EBITDA for the periods indicated (in thousands):

                                              Three Months Ended           Nine Months Ended
                                                September 30,                September 30,
                                              2013          2012          2013          2012
                                                 (Unaudited)                  (Unaudited)
Net income (loss)                          $   55,091     $     647     $ 153,575     $ (82,576 )
Interest expense                                6,368         7,373        19,958        18,989
Loss on extinguishment of debt                      -             -        20,446         7,018
Income tax expense                                788           221         2,135           269
Depreciation, amortization and accretion       10,573         8,369        30,927        25,208
Equity-based compensation expense               1,127           777         3,376        56,434
Unrealized (gain) loss on derivatives               -        (9,912 )     (63,053 )      90,670
Realized loss on derivatives (1)                    -        31,026        61,353        46,984
Adjusted EBITDA                            $   73,947     $  38,501     $ 228,717     $ 162,996

The following table reconciles net cash provided by operations to Adjusted EBITDA (in thousands):

                                              Three Months Ended           Nine Months Ended
                                                September 30,                September 30,
                                              2013          2012          2013          2012
                                                 (Unaudited)                  (Unaudited)
Net cash provided by operations            $   42,024     $  12,488     $ 120,906     $  97,053
Changes in current assets and current
liabilities                                    25,430       (11,687 )      20,211         1,489
Deferred income tax benefit (expense)            (161 )           -          (860 )         832
Amortization of deferred financing costs
and discount                                     (502 )        (920 )      (1,934 )      (2,620 )
Interest expense                                6,368         7,373        19,958        18,989
Income tax expense                                788           221         2,135           269
Loss on debt retirement premium                     -             -         6,948             -
Realized loss on derivatives (1)                    -        31,026        61,353        46,984
Adjusted EBITDA                            $   73,947     $  38,501     $ 228,717     $ 162,996

(1) Effective May 9, 2012, pursuant to the omnibus agreement, to the extent that we made payments for realized losses under the propane swaps, PL Manufacturing and the PL Manufacturing Members, through our General Partner, are responsible for making quarterly capital contributions to us in an amount equal to the sum of all payments we made under such propane swaps during the applicable fiscal quarter or that we owe at the end of the quarter. The amount of realized loss on derivatives shown as an adjustment for EBITDA represents the amount received or to be received from PL Manufacturing and the PL Manufacturing Members. During . . .

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