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IPAR > SEC Filings for IPAR > Form 10-Q on 6-Nov-2013All Recent SEC Filings

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Form 10-Q for INTER PARFUMS INC


6-Nov-2013

Quarterly Report


Item 2: MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Forward Looking Information

Statements in this report which are not historical in nature are forward-looking statements. Although we believe that our plans, intentions and expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are reasonable, we can give no assurance that such plans, intentions or expectations will be achieved. In some cases you can identify forward-looking statements by forward-looking words such as "anticipate," "believe," "could," "estimate," "expect," "intend," "may," "should," "will" and "would" or similar words. You should not rely on forward-looking statements because actual events or results may differ materially from those indicated by these forward-looking statements as a result of a number of important factors. These factors include, but are not limited to, the risks and uncertainties discussed under the headings "Forward Looking Statements" and "Risk Factors" in Inter Parfums' annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2012 and the reports Inter Parfums files from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Inter Parfums does not intend to and undertakes no duty to update the information contained in this report.

Regulation S-K Item 10(e)

Regulation S-K Item 10(e), "Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures in commission filings," prescribes the conditions for use of non-GAAP financial information in commission filings. We believe that our presentation of the non-GAAP financial information included in this Form 10-Q consists of important supplemental measures of operating performance to investors as comparable sales information excluding sales related to a terminated license provides investors with a more accurate picture of current sales trends.

Overview

We operate in the fragrance business, and manufacture, market and distribute a wide array of fragrances and fragrance related products. We manage our business in two segments, European based operations and United States based operations. Certain prestige fragrance products are produced and marketed by our European operations through our 73% owned subsidiary in Paris, Interparfums SA, which is also a publicly traded company as 27% of Interparfums SA shares trade on the NYSE Euronext. Prestige cosmetics and prestige skin care products represent approximately 1% of consolidated net sales.

We produce and distribute our European based prestige products primarily under license agreements with brand owners, and European based prestige product sales represented approximately 84% and 88% of net sales for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. We have built a portfolio of prestige brands, which include Lanvin, Jimmy Choo, Van Cleef & Arpels, Montblanc, Paul Smith, Boucheron, S.T. Dupont, Balmain, Karl Lagerfeld and Repetto, whose products are distributed in over 100 countries around the world.

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INTER PARFUMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Burberry was our most significant license, and sales of Burberry products represented 28% and 45% of net sales for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. (See Note 3 "Termination of Burberry License" in notes to consolidated financial statements on page 7 of this Form 10-Q). In addition, we own the Lanvin brand name for our class of trade, and license the Montblanc and Jimmy Choo brand names; sales of products for these three brands represented 14.4%, 13.8% and 12.7% of net sales for the nine months ended September 30, 2013, respectively, as compared to 12.1%, 9.5% and 8.1%, respectively, for the corresponding period of the prior year.

Through our United States operations we also market prestige brand as well as specialty retail fragrance and fragrance related products. United States operations represented 16% and 12% of net sales for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. These fragrance products are sold under trademarks pursuant to license or other agreements with the owners of the Anna Sui, Alfred Dunhill, Shanghai Tang, Agent Provocateur, Gap, Banana Republic, Brooks Brothers, bebe and Betsey Johnson brands.

Historically, seasonality has not been a major factor for our Company as quarterly sales fluctuations were more influenced by the timing of new product launches than by the third and fourth quarter holiday season. However, in certain markets where we now sell directly to retailers, seasonality is more evident. We have operated our European distribution subsidiaries in Italy, Germany, Spain and the United Kingdom since 2007, and in January 2011, we commenced operations of our U. S. distribution subsidiary. In addition, our specialty retail product lines sold to U. S. retailers are also concentrated in the second half of the year.

We grow our business in two distinct ways. First, we grow by adding new brands to our portfolio, either through new licenses, other arrangements or out-right acquisitions of brands. Second, we grow through the introduction of new products and supporting new and established products through advertising, merchandising and sampling, as well as phasing out existing products that no longer meet the needs of our consumers. The economics of developing, producing, launching and supporting products influence our sales and operating performance each year. Our introduction of new products may have some cannibalizing effect on sales of existing products, which we take into account in our business planning.

Our business is not capital intensive, and it is important to note that we do not own manufacturing facilities. We act as a general contractor and source our needed components from our suppliers. These components are received at one of our distribution centers and then, based upon production needs, the components are sent to one of several third party fillers, which manufacture the finished product for us and then deliver them to one of our distribution centers.

As with any global business, many aspects of our operations are subject to influences outside our control. We believe we have a strong brand portfolio with global reach and potential. As part of our strategy, we plan to continue to make investments behind fast-growing markets and channels to grow market share.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2013, the economic uncertainty and financial market volatility taking place in certain European countries did not have a significant impact on our business, and at this time we do not believe it will have a significant impact on our business for the foreseeable future. This is due in part to our belief that we are well positioned as a result of our strategy to manage our business effectively and efficiently. However, if the degree of uncertainty or volatility worsens or is prolonged, then there will likely be a negative effect on ongoing consumer confidence, demand and spending and as a result, our business. Currently, we believe general economic and other uncertainties still exist in select markets in which we do business, and we continue to monitor global economic uncertainties and other risks that may affect our business.

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INTER PARFUMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Our reported net sales are impacted by changes in foreign currency exchange rates. A weak U.S. dollar has a positive impact on our net sales. However, earnings are negatively affected by a weak dollar because approximately 40% of net sales of our European operations are denominated in U.S. dollars, while all costs of our European operations are incurred in euro. Our Company addresses certain financial exposures through a controlled program of risk management that includes the use of derivative financial instruments. We primarily enter into foreign currency forward exchange contracts to reduce the effects of fluctuating foreign currency exchange rates.

Recent Important Events

Burberry

Burberry exercised its option to buy-out the license rights effective December 31, 2012. On October 11, 2012, the Company and Burberry entered into a transition agreement that provided for certain license rights and obligations to continue through March 31, 2013. The Company continued to operate certain aspects of the business for the brand including product development, testing, and distribution. The transition agreement provided for non-exclusivity for manufacturing, a cap on sales of Burberry products, a reduced advertising requirement and no minimum royalty amounts.

The transition agreement provided that Burberry inventories at March 31, 2013 should be less than $20.0 million in the aggregate. Actual Burberry inventory as of March 31, 2013 aggregated approximately $18 million. During the second quarter of 2013, the Company and Burberry reached an agreement regarding inventory and Burberry agreed to purchase $7.8 million of inventory at cost. Remaining inventories were sold off in the ordinary course of business pursuant to our sell-off rights, destroyed or given to Burberry at no charge.

As of September 30, 2013, the $10 million inventory reserve, recorded in December upon recognition of the license termination gain of $198.8 million, was fully consumed by the costs incurred for inventories given to Burberry at no charge, sold below cost and destroyed, together with commercial rebates and free merchandise given to customers over the sell-off period.

Accounts receivables and accounts payables were collected and paid in the ordinary course of business. In addition, Burberry purchased fixed assets for $2.8 million as agreed in the transition agreement.

Shanghai Tang

In July 2013, the Company created a wholly-owned Hong Kong subsidiary, Inter Parfums USA Hong Kong Limited, which entered into a 12-year exclusive worldwide license to create, produce and distribute perfumes and related products under China's leading luxury brand, Shanghai Tang. The agreement commenced on July 1, 2013 and is subject to certain minimum sales, advertising expenditures and royalty payments as are customary in our industry. The Company plans to launch its first fragrance under the Shanghai Tang brand in Spring 2014.

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INTER PARFUMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Agent Provocateur

In July 2013, the Company entered into a 10.5-year exclusive worldwide license to create, produce and distribute perfumes and related products under London-based luxury lingerie brand, Agent Provocateur. The agreement commenced on August 1, 2013 and is subject to certain minimum advertising expenditures as is customary in our industry. The Company plans to launch its first fragrance under the Agent Provocateur brand in 2014. In addition, the Company has taken over distribution of selected fragrances within the brand's current perfume portfolio, and plans to revitalize the Agent Provocateur signature scent.

Oscar de la Renta

In October 2013, the Company entered into a 12-year exclusive worldwide license to create, produce and distribute perfumes and related products under the Oscar de la Renta brand. The agreement is expected to close on December 2, 2013 and is subject to certain minimum advertising expenditures as is customary in our industry. The Company has agreed to purchase certain inventories and has paid an up-front entry fee of $5.0 million. The Company will take over distribution of fragrances within the brand's current perfume portfolio, and plans to launch its first fragrance under the Oscar de la Renta brand in 2014.

Discussion of Critical Accounting Policies

We make estimates and assumptions in the preparation of our financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Actual results could differ significantly from those estimates under different assumptions and conditions. We believe the following discussion addresses our most critical accounting policies, which are those that are most important to the portrayal of our financial condition and results of operations. These accounting policies generally require our management's most difficult and subjective judgments, often as a result of the need to make estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain. Management of the Company has discussed the selection of significant accounting policies and the effect of estimates with the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors.

Revenue Recognition

We sell our products to department stores, perfumeries, specialty retailers, mass-market retailers, supermarkets and domestic and international wholesalers and distributors. Sales of such products by our domestic subsidiaries are denominated in U.S. dollars and sales of such products by our foreign subsidiaries are primarily denominated in either euro or U.S. dollars. We recognize revenues when merchandise is shipped and the risk of loss passes to the customer. Net sales are comprised of gross revenues less returns, trade discounts and allowances.

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INTER PARFUMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Accounts Receivable

Accounts receivable represent payments due to the Company for previously recognized net sales, reduced by allowances for sales returns and doubtful accounts. Accounts receivable balances are written-off against the allowance for doubtful accounts when they become uncollectible. Recoveries of accounts receivable previously recorded against the allowance are recorded in the consolidated statement of income when received. We generally grant credit based upon our analysis of the customer's financial position as well as previously established buying patterns.

Sales Returns

Generally, we do not permit customers to return their unsold products. However, commencing in January 2011, we took over U.S. distribution of our European based prestige products and for U.S. based customers we allow customer returns if properly requested, authorized and approved. We regularly review and revise, as deemed necessary, our estimate of reserves for future sales returns based primarily upon historic trends and relevant current data including information provided by retailers regarding their inventory levels. In addition, as necessary, specific accruals may be established for significant future known or anticipated events. The types of known or anticipated events that we have considered, and will continue to consider, include, but are not limited to, the financial condition of our customers, store closings by retailers, changes in the retail environment and our decision to continue to support new and existing products. We record estimated reserves for sales returns as a reduction of sales, cost of sales and accounts receivable. Returned products are recorded as inventories and are valued based upon estimated realizable value. The physical condition and marketability of returned products are the major factors we consider in estimating realizable value. Actual returns, as well as estimated realizable values of returned products, may differ significantly, either favorably or unfavorably, from our estimates, if factors such as economic conditions, inventory levels or competitive conditions differ from our expectations.

Promotional Allowances

We have various performance-based arrangements with certain retailers. These arrangements primarily allow customers to take deductions against amounts owed to us for product purchases. The costs that we incur for performance-based arrangements, shelf replacement costs and slotting fees are netted against revenues on our Company's consolidated statement of income. Estimated accruals for promotions and advertising programs are recorded in the period in which the related revenue is recognized. We review and revise the estimated accruals for the projected costs for these promotions. Actual costs incurred may differ significantly, either favorably or unfavorably, from estimates if factors such as the level and success of the retailers' programs or other conditions differ from our expectations.

Inventories

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market value. Cost is principally determined by the first-in, first-out method. We record adjustments to the cost of inventories based upon our sales forecast and the physical condition of the inventories. These adjustments are estimates, which could vary significantly, either favorably or unfavorably, from actual requirements if future economic conditions or competitive conditions differ from our expectations.

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INTER PARFUMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Equipment and Other Long-Lived Assets

Equipment, which includes tools and molds, is recorded at cost and is depreciated on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of such assets. Changes in circumstances such as technological advances, changes to our business model or changes in our capital spending strategy can result in the actual useful lives differing from our estimates. In those cases where we determine that the useful life of equipment should be shortened, we would depreciate the net book value in excess of the salvage value, over its revised remaining useful life, thereby increasing depreciation expense. Factors such as changes in the planned use of equipment, or market acceptance of products, could result in shortened useful lives.

We evaluate goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment at least annually during the fourth quarter, or more frequently when events occur or circumstances change, such as an unexpected decline in sales, that would more likely than not (i) reduce the carrying value of the reporting unit below its fair value or (ii) indicate that the carrying value of an indefinite-lived intangible asset may not be recoverable. Impairment of goodwill is evaluated using a two-step process. The first step involves a comparison of the estimated fair value of the reporting unit to the carrying value of that unit to determine if there is an indication of impairment. In accordance with ASU 2011-08, the Company has the option of performing a qualitative assessment before calculating the fair value of a reporting unit in the first step of the goodwill impairment test. If the Company determines, on the basis of qualitative factors, that the fair value of a reporting unit is more likely than not less than the carrying amount, the two-step impairment test would be required. Otherwise, further testing would not be needed. If the carrying value of the reporting unit exceeds the fair value of the reporting unit, the second step of the process involves comparison of the implied fair value of goodwill with its carrying value. If the carrying value of the reporting unit's goodwill exceeds the implied fair value of that goodwill, an impairment loss is recognized as an amount equal to the excess.

For indefinite-lived intangible assets, the evaluation requires a comparison of the estimated fair value of the asset to the carrying value of the asset. If the carrying value of an indefinite-lived intangible asset exceeds its fair value, impairment is recorded. To determine fair value of indefinite-lived intangible assets, we use an income approach, including the relief-from-royalty method. This method assumes that, in lieu of ownership, a third party would be willing to pay a royalty in order to obtain the rights to use the comparable asset. The relief-from-royalty calculations require us to make a number of assumptions and estimates concerning future sales levels, market royalty rates, future tax rates and discount rates. We use this method to determine if an impairment charge is required relating to our Nickel brand trademarks.

The following table presents the impact a change in the following significant assumptions would have had on the calculated fair value in 2012 assuming all other assumptions remained constant:

                  In thousands                           Increase (decrease)
                                            Change          to fair value

        Weighted average cost of capital        +10 %   $                (301 )
        Weighted average cost of capital        -10 %   $                 396
        Future sales levels                     +10 %   $                 255
        Future sales levels                     -10 %   $                (255 )

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INTER PARFUMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

The fair values used in our evaluations are also estimated based upon discounted future cash flow projections using a weighted average cost of capital of 7.6%. The cash flow projections are based upon a number of assumptions, including, future sales levels and future cost of goods and operating expense levels, as well as economic conditions, changes to our business model or changes in consumer acceptance of our products which are more subjective in nature. We believe that the assumptions we have made in projecting future cash flows for the evaluations described above are reasonable. However, if future actual results do not meet our expectations, we may be required to record an impairment charge, the amount of which could be material to our results of operations.

Intangible assets subject to amortization are evaluated for impairment testing whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an amortizable intangible asset may not be recoverable. If impairment indicators exist for an amortizable intangible asset, the undiscounted future cash flows associated with the expected service potential of the asset are compared to the carrying value of the asset. If our projection of undiscounted future cash flows is in excess of the carrying value of the intangible asset, no impairment charge is recorded. If our projection of undiscounted future cash flows is less than the carrying value of the intangible asset, an impairment charge would be recorded to reduce the intangible asset to its fair value. The cash flow projections are based upon a number of assumptions, including future sales levels and future cost of goods and operating expense levels, as well as economic conditions, changes to our business model or changes in consumer acceptance of our products which are more subjective in nature. We believe that the assumptions we have made in projecting future cash flows for the evaluations described above are reasonable and currently no impairment indicators exist for our intangible assets subject to amortization. In those cases where we determine that the useful life of long-lived assets should be shortened, we would depreciate the net book value in excess of the salvage value (after testing for impairment as described above), over the revised remaining useful life of such asset thereby increasing amortization expense.

In determining the useful life of our Lanvin brand names and trademarks, we applied the provisions of ASC topic 350-30-35-3. The only factor that prevented us from determining that the Lanvin brand names and trademarks were indefinite life intangible assets was Item c. "Any legal, regulatory, or contractual provisions that may limit the useful life". The existence of a repurchase option in 2025 may limit the useful life of the Lanvin brand names and trademarks to the Company. However, this limitation would only take effect if the repurchase option were to be exercised and the repurchase price was paid. If the repurchase option is not exercised, then the Lanvin brand names and trademarks are expected to continue to contribute directly to the future cash flows of our Company and their useful life would be considered to be indefinite.

With respect to the application of ASC topic 350-30-35-8, the Lanvin brand names and trademarks would only have a finite life to our Company if the repurchase option were exercised, and in applying ASC topic 350-30-35-8 we assumed that the repurchase option is exercised. When exercised, Lanvin has an obligation to pay the exercise price and the Company would be required to convey the Lanvin brand names and trademarks back to Lanvin. The exercise price to be received (Residual Value) is well in excess of the carrying value of the Lanvin brand names and trademarks, therefore no amortization is required.

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INTER PARFUMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Derivatives

We account for derivative financial instruments in accordance with ASC topic 815, which establishes accounting and reporting standards for derivative instruments, including certain derivative instruments embedded in other contracts, and for hedging activities. This topic also requires the recognition of all derivative instruments as either assets or liabilities on the balance sheet and that they are measured at fair value.

We currently use derivative financial instruments to hedge certain anticipated transactions and interest rates, as well as receivables denominated in foreign currencies. We do not utilize derivatives for trading or speculative purposes. Hedge effectiveness is documented, assessed and monitored by employees who are qualified to make such assessments and monitor the instruments. Variables that are external to us such as social, political and economic risks may have an impact on our hedging program and the results thereof.

Income Taxes

The Company accounts for income taxes using an asset and liability approach that requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in its financial statements or tax returns. The net deferred tax assets assume sufficient future earnings for their realization, as well as the continued application of currently anticipated tax rates. Included in net deferred tax assets is a valuation allowance for deferred tax assets, where management believes it is more-likely-than-not that the deferred tax assets will not be realized in the relevant jurisdiction. If the Company determines that a deferred tax asset will not be realizable, an adjustment to the deferred tax asset will result in a reduction of net earnings at that time. In addition, the Company follows the provisions of uncertain tax positions as addressed in ASC topic 740-10-65-1.

Results of Operations



Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2013 as Compared to the Three and Nine
Months Ended September 30, 2012



                                       Three Months Ended                        Nine Months Ended
Net Sales                                September 30,                             September 30,
                                2013         2012        % Change         2013         2012        % Change
(In millions)

European-based product
sales                         $   98.1     $  148.6          (34.0 )%   $  385.9     $  419.4           (8.0 )%
United States-based product
sales                             28.7         17.7           62.3 %        72.1         57.8           24.8 %
                              $  126.8     $  166.3          (23.8 )%   $  458.0     $  477.2           (4.0 )%

Net sales for the three months ended September 30, 2013 decreased 24% to $126.8 million, as compared to $166.3 million for the corresponding period of the prior year. At comparable foreign currency exchange rates, net sales also decreased 24% for the period. Net sales for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 decreased 4% to $458.0 million, as compared to $477.2 million for the corresponding period of the prior year. At comparable foreign currency exchange rates, net sales decreased 5% for the period. Our association with Burberry concluded during the second quarter of 2013. Burberry brand product sales aggregated zero and $130.3 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013, respectively, as compared to $79.1 million and $213.2 million for the corresponding periods of the prior year.

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INTER PARFUMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

See information regarding Regulation S-K Item 10(e) on page 15 of this Form 10-Q. European based prestige product sales, excluding Burberry brand product . . .

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