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FISI > SEC Filings for FISI > Form 10-Q on 5-Nov-2013All Recent SEC Filings

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Form 10-Q for FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS INC


5-Nov-2013

Quarterly Report


ITEM 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the more detailed and comprehensive disclosures included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012. In addition, please read this section in conjunction with our Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements contained herein.

FORWARD LOOKING INFORMATION

Statements and financial analysis contained in this document that are not historical facts are forward looking statements made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (the "Act"). Forward looking statements describe our future plans, strategies and expectations and are based on certain assumptions. Words such as "may," "could," "should," "would," "believe," "anticipate," "estimate," "expect," "intend," "plan," "target," "projects," and other similar expressions are intended to identify forward looking statements but are not the exclusive means of identifying such statements.

We caution readers not to place undue reliance on any forward looking statements, which speak only as of the date made, and advise readers that various factors, including those identified under the heading "Risk Factors" in Item 1A of Part I of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012, could affect our financial performance and could cause our actual results or circumstances for future periods to differ materially from those anticipated or projected.

Except as required by law, we do not undertake, and specifically disclaim any obligation to publicly release any revisions to any forward looking statements to reflect the occurrence of anticipated or unanticipated events or circumstances after the date of such statements.

GENERAL

Financial Institutions, Inc. is a financial holding company headquartered in New York State that provides banking and nonbanking financial services to individuals and businesses primarily located in our Western and Central New York footprint. We have also expanded our indirect lending network to include relationships with franchised automobile dealers in the Capital District of New York and Northern Pennsylvania. Through our wholly-owned banking subsidiary, Five Star Bank, we provide a wide range of services, including business and consumer loan and depository services, as well as other traditional banking services. Through our nonbanking subsidiary, Five Star Investment Services, Inc., we provide brokerage and investment advisory services to supplement our banking business. References in this report to "the Company", "we", "our" or "us" mean the consolidated reporting entity and references to "the Bank" mean Five Star Bank.

Our primary sources of revenue are net interest income (predominantly from interest earned on our loans and securities, net of interest paid on deposits and other funding sources), and noninterest income, particularly fees and other revenue from financial services provided to customers or ancillary services tied to loans and deposits. Business volumes and pricing drive revenue potential, and tend to be influenced by overall economic factors, including market interest rates, business spending, consumer confidence, economic growth, and competitive conditions within the marketplace. We are not able to predict market interest rate fluctuations with certainty and our asset/liability management strategy may not prevent interest rate changes from having a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

Our business strategy is to maintain a community bank philosophy, which consists of focusing on and understanding the individualized banking needs of the businesses, professionals and other residents of the local communities surrounding our banking centers. We believe this focus allows us to be more responsive to our customers' needs and provide a high level of personal service that differentiates us from our larger competitors, allowing us to maintain long-standing and broad based banking relationships with our customers. Our core customers are primarily comprised of households, small- to medium-sized businesses, professionals and community organizations who prefer to build a banking relationship with a community bank that offers and combines high quality, competitively-priced banking products with personalized service. We believe that our level of personal service provides us with a competitive advantage over larger banks, which tend to consolidate decision-making authority outside local communities.

A key aspect of our current business strategy is to foster a community-oriented culture where our customers and employees establish long-standing and mutually beneficial relationships. We believe that we are well-positioned to be a strong competitor within our market area because of our focus on community banking needs and customer service, our comprehensive suite of deposit and loan products typically found at larger banks, our highly experienced management team and our strategically located banking centers. A central part of our strategy is generating core deposits to support growth of a diversified and high-quality loan portfolio.

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Table of Contents

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS

RECENT DEVELOPMENTS

New Capital Rules

On July 2, 2013, the Federal Reserve approved final rules that substantially amend the regulatory risk-based capital rules applicable to the Company and the Bank. The FDIC and the OCC have subsequently approved these rules. The final rules were adopted following the issuance of proposed rules by the Federal Reserve in June 2012, and implement the "Basel III" regulatory capital reforms and changes required by the Dodd-Frank Act. "Basel III" refers to two consultative documents released by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision in December 2009, the rules text released in December 2010, and loss absorbency rules issued in January 2011, which include significant changes to bank capital, leverage and liquidity requirements.

The rules include new risk-based capital and leverage ratios, which would be phased in from 2015 to 2019, and would refine the definition of what constitutes "capital" for purposes of calculating those ratios. The new minimum capital level requirements applicable to the Company and the Bank under the final rules would be: (i) a new common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 4.5%; (ii) a Tier 1 capital ratio of 6% (increased from 4%); (iii) a total capital ratio of 8% (unchanged from current rules); and (iv) a Tier 1 leverage ratio of 4% for all institutions. The final rules also establish a "capital conservation buffer" above the new regulatory minimum capital requirements, which must consist entirely of common equity Tier 1 capital. The capital conservation buffer will be phased-in over four years beginning on January 1, 2016, as follows: the maximum buffer will be 0.625% of risk-weighted assets for 2016, 1.25% for 2017, 1.875% for 2018, and 2.5% for 2019 and thereafter. This will result in the following minimum ratios beginning in 2019: (i) a common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 7.0%; (ii) a Tier 1 capital ratio of 8.5%; and (iii) a total capital ratio of 10.5%. Under the final rules, institutions are subject to limitations on paying dividends, engaging in share repurchases, and paying discretionary bonuses if its capital level falls below the buffer amount. These limitations establish a maximum percentage of eligible retained income that could be utilized for such actions.

Basel III provided discretion for regulators to impose an additional buffer, the "countercyclical buffer," of up to 2.5% of common equity Tier 1 capital to take into account the macro-financial environment and periods of excessive credit growth. However, the final rules permit the countercyclical buffer to be applied only to "advanced approach" banks ( i.e., banks with $250 billion or more in total assets or $10 billion or more in total foreign exposures), which currently excludes the Company and the Bank. The final rules also implement revisions and clarifications consistent with Basel III regarding the various components of Tier 1 capital, including common equity, unrealized gains and losses, as well as certain instruments that will no longer qualify as Tier 1 capital, some of which will be phased out over time. However, the final rules provide that small depository institution holding companies with less than $15 billion in total assets as of December 31, 2009 (which includes the Company) will be able to permanently include non-qualifying instruments that were issued and included in Tier 1 or Tier 2 capital prior to May 19, 2010 in additional Tier 1 or Tier 2 capital until they redeem such instruments or until the instruments mature.

The final rules also contain revisions to the prompt corrective action framework, which is designed to place restrictions on insured depository institutions, including the Bank, if their capital levels begin to show signs of weakness. These revisions take effect January 1, 2015. Under the prompt corrective action requirements, which are designed to complement the capital conservation buffer, insured depository institutions will be required to meet the following increased capital level requirements in order to qualify as "well capitalized:" (i) a new common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 6.5%; (ii) a Tier 1 capital ratio of 8% (increased from 6%); (iii) a total capital ratio of 10% (unchanged from current rules); and (iv) a Tier 1 leverage ratio of 5% (increased from 4%).

The final rules set forth certain changes for the calculation of risk-weighted assets, which we will be required to utilize beginning January 1, 2015. The "standardized approach" final rule utilizes an increased number of credit risk exposure categories and risk weights, and also addresses: (i) an alternative standard of creditworthiness consistent with Section 939A of the Dodd-Frank Act;
(ii) revisions to recognition of credit risk mitigation; (iii) rules for risk weighting of equity exposures and past due loans; (iv) revised capital treatment for derivatives and repo-style transactions; and (v) disclosure requirements for top-tier banking organizations with $50 billion or more in total assets that are not subject to the "advance approach rules" that apply to banks with greater than $250 billion in consolidated assets. Based on our current capital composition and levels, we believe that we would be in compliance with the requirements as set forth in the final rules if they were presently in effect.

2013 Branch Consolidations

During the second quarter of 2013, the Company announced that it would be consolidating its Pavilion and North Java branches into nearby branches. The Company transferred customer accounts and employees effective October 31, 2013. These branch consolidations are one component of the Company's long term strategic plan, which provides for the optimal combination of branches and online/mobile banking technologies, supported by highly experienced bankers, to offer customers convenience and high service levels while maintaining an efficient, competitive cost structure. Expenses related to the consolidation of these two branches are not expected to be material.

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Table of Contents

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS

2012 Branch Acquisitions

On January 19, 2012, the Bank entered into agreements with First Niagara Bank, National Association ("First Niagara") to acquire four retail bank branches in Medina, Brockport, Batavia and Waterloo, New York (the "First Niagara Branches") and four retail bank branches previously owned by HSBC Bank USA, National Association ("HSBC") in Elmira, Elmira Heights, Horseheads and Albion, New York (the "HSBC Branches"). First Niagara assigned its rights to the HSBC branches in connection with its acquisition of HSBC's Upstate New York banking franchise. Under the terms of the agreements, the Bank assumed substantially all related deposits and purchased the related branch premises and certain performing loans. The transaction to acquire the First Niagara Branches was completed on June 22, 2012 and the transaction to acquire the HSBC Branches was completed on August 17, 2012. The combined assets acquired and deposits assumed in the two transactions were recorded at their estimated fair values as follows (in thousands):

                                            FNFG          HSBC
                                          Branches      Branches        Total
          Cash                            $  63,579     $ 132,199     $ 195,778
          Loans                              58,245        17,390        75,635
          Bank premises and equipment         1,504           434         1,938
          Goodwill                            4,690         6,477        11,167
          Core deposit intangible asset       1,421           621         2,042
          Other assets                          452           149           601

          Total assets acquired           $ 129,891     $ 157,270     $ 287,161

          Deposits assumed                $ 129,564     $ 157,255     $ 286,819
          Other liabilities                     327            15           342

          Total liabilities assumed       $ 129,891     $ 157,270     $ 287,161

The transactions were accounted for using the acquisition method of accounting and accordingly, assets acquired, liabilities assumed and consideration exchanged were recorded at their estimated fair values on the acquisition dates. The Company acquired the loan portfolios at a fair value discount, net of market premium, of $824 thousand. The discount represented expected credit losses, net of market interest rate adjustments. The discount on loans receivable is being amortized to interest income over the estimated remaining life of the acquired loans using the level yield method. The time deposit premium of $335 thousand is being accreted over the estimated remaining life of the related deposits as a reduction of interest expense. The core deposit intangible asset is being amortized on an accelerated basis over the estimated average life of the core deposits.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2013, the Company recorded a decrease to the estimated fair value of liabilities assumed and an increase to the related deferred income taxes based upon information obtained subsequent to the acquisition. In addition to changes in those assets and liabilities, the revisions resulted in a reduction in goodwill of approximately $432 thousand. The final purchase price allocation was completed during the three months ended September 30, 2013, and the Company has recorded final goodwill totaling approximately $11.2 million in connection with the acquisitions. All goodwill and core deposit intangible assets arising from this acquisition are expected to be deductible for tax purposes.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Summary of Performance

Net income increased $1.9 million or 45% to $6.2 million for the third quarter of 2013 compared to $4.3 million for the third quarter of 2012. Net income available to common shareholders for the third quarter of 2013 was $5.8 million, or $0.42 per diluted share, compared with $3.9 million, or $0.28 per diluted share, for the third quarter of last year. Return on average equity was 9.93% and return on average assets was 0.88% for the third quarter of 2013 compared to 6.77% and 0.65% , respectively, for the third quarter of 2012.

Net income for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 totaled $19.2 million, an increase of $2.1 million or 12% from $17.1 million for the same period in 2012. For the first nine months of 2013, net income available to common shareholders was $18.1 million, or $1.31 per diluted share, compared with $16.0 million, or $1.16 per diluted share, for the first nine months of 2012. Return on average equity was 10.13% and return on average assets was 0.92% for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 compared to 9.32% and 0.92%, respectively, for the same period in 2012.

Net income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 was reduced by expenses related to the branch acquisitions. Pre-tax acquisition expenses were approximately $1.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and $3.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2012, consisting mainly of professional fees, computer and data processing and supplies and postage expended to facilitate the purchase of the branches.

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Table of Contents

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS

Net income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 was further reduced by expenses incurred in connection with the retirement of our former President and Chief Executive Officer. Pre-tax retirement-related expenses were approximately $2.6 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012, consisting of separation pay and a supplemental executive retirement plan ("SERP") for our former President and Chief Executive Officer.

Net Interest Income and Net Interest Margin

Net interest income is the primary source of our revenue. Net interest income is the difference between interest income on interest-earning assets, such as loans and investment securities, and the interest expense on interest-bearing deposits and other borrowings used to fund interest-earning and other assets or activities. Net interest income is affected by changes in interest rates and by the amount and composition of earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities, as well as the sensitivity of the balance sheet to changes in interest rates, including characteristics such as the fixed or variable nature of the financial instruments, contractual maturities and repricing frequencies.

Interest rate spread and net interest margin are utilized to measure and explain changes in net interest income. Interest rate spread is the difference between the yield on earning assets and the rate paid for interest-bearing liabilities that fund those assets. The net interest margin is expressed as the percentage of net interest income to average earning assets. The net interest margin exceeds the interest rate spread because noninterest-bearing sources of funds ("net free funds"), principally noninterest-bearing demand deposits and stockholders' equity, also support earning assets. To compare tax-exempt asset yields to taxable yields, the yield on tax-exempt investment securities is computed on a taxable equivalent basis. Net interest income, interest rate spread, and net interest margin are discussed on a taxable equivalent basis.

The following table reconciles interest income per the consolidated statements of income to interest income adjusted to a fully taxable equivalent basis (dollars in thousands):

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