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ELTP > SEC Filings for ELTP > Form 10-Q on 14-Aug-2013All Recent SEC Filings

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Form 10-Q for ELITE PHARMACEUTICALS INC /NV/


14-Aug-2013

Quarterly Report


MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF
OPERATIONS

THREE MONTH PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2013

COMPARED TO THE

THREE MONTH PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2012

(UNAUDITED)

The following discussion and analysis should be read with the financial statements and accompanying notes included elsewhere in this Form 10-Q and in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended March 31, 2013. It is intended to assist the reader in understanding and evaluating our financial position.

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the documents incorporated herein contain "forward-looking statements". Such forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause the actual results, performance or achievements of the Company, or industry results, to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. When used in this Form 10-Q, statements that are not statements of current or historical fact may be deemed to be forward-looking statements. Without limiting the foregoing, the words "plan", "intend", "may," "will," "expect," "believe", "could," "anticipate," "estimate," or "continue" or similar expressions or other variations or comparable terminology are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. All statements other than statements of historical fact included in this Form 10-Q regarding our financial position, business strategy and plans or objectives for future operations are forward-looking statements. Without limiting the broader description of forward-looking statements above, we specifically note, without limitation, that statements regarding the preliminary nature of the clinical program results and the potential for further product development, that involve known and unknown risks, delays, uncertainties and other factors not under our control, the requirement of substantial future testing, clinical trials, regulatory reviews and approvals by the Food and Drug Administration and other regulatory authorities prior to the commercialization of products under development, and our ability to manufacture and sell any products, gain market acceptance, earn a profit from sales or licenses of any drugs or our ability to discover new drugs in the future, are all forward-looking in nature. These risks and other factors are discussed in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date hereof. Except as required by law, the Company undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

Any reference to "Elite", the "Company", "we", "us", "our" or the "Registrant" refers to Elite Pharmaceuticals Inc. and its subsidiaries.

Overview

We are a specialty pharmaceutical company principally engaged in the development and manufacture of oral, controlled-release products, using proprietary know-how and technology, particularly as it relates to abuse resistant products. Our strategy includes improving off-patent drug products for life cycle management and developing generic versions of controlled-release drug products with high barriers to entry.

We own, license or contract manufacture seven products currently being sold commercially, as follows:

ˇ Phentermine 37.5mg tablets ("Phentermine 37.5mg")

ˇ Lodrane DŽ Immediate Release capsules ("Lodrane D")

ˇ Methadone 10mg tablets ("Methadone 10mg")

ˇ Hydromorphone Hydrochloride 8mg tablets ("Hydromorphone 8mg")

ˇ Phendimetrazine tartrate 35mg tablets ("Phendimetrazine 35mg")

ˇ Phentermine 15mg capsules ("Phentermine 15mg")

ˇ Phentermine 30mg capsules ("Phentermine 30mg")

We own the following product which has been approved for manufacture by the United States Food and Drug Administration ("US-FDA"), but for which commercial production has not yet begun:

ˇ Naltrexone HCl ("Naltrexone Generic")

We also recently acquired approved Abbreviated New Drug Applications ("ANDAs") for 12 products (the "Mikah Approved ANDAs") and one ANDA that is under active review with the FDA (the "Mikah ANDA Application Product") that were acquired pursuant to the asset purchase agreement with Mikah Pharma dated August 1, 2013 (the "Mikah Asset Purchase Agreement"). For further details on the Mikah Asset Purchase Agreement, Mikah Approved ANDAs and Mikah ANDA Application Product, please refer to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on August 5, 2013 and herein incorporated by reference.

Elite has executed a license agreement with Precision Dose, Inc. (the "Precision Dose License Agreement") and a manufacturing agreement with The PharmaNetwork LLC (the "TPN Agreement"). The PharmaNetwork LLC was recently purchased by Alkem Laboratories Ltd ("Alkem"). The PharmaNetwork now goes by the name Ascend Laboratories LLC ("Ascend") and is a wholly owned subsidiary of Alkem.

The Precision Dose License Agreement provides for the marketing and distribution, in the United States, Puerto Rico and Canada, of Phentermine 37.5mg, Phentermine Capsules, Hydromorphone 8mg, Naltrexone Generic, and certain additional products that require approval from the FDA. Phentermine 37.5mg tablets were launched in April 2011. Hydromorphone 8mg was launched in March 2012. Phentermine 15mg and Phentermine 30mg were launched in April 2013. Naltrexone Generic was approved by the US-FDA in January 2013, but not yet launched.

The TPN Agreement, executed on June 23, 2011, and amended on September 24, 2012, provides for the manufacture and packaging by the Company of Ascend's methadone hydrochloride, 10mg tablets ("Methadone 10mg"), with the Methadone 10mg to be marketed by Ascend. The FDA has approved the manufacturing of Methadone 10mg at the Northvale Facility and the initial shipment of Methadone 10mg occurred during January 2012.

In addition, Elite also has an undisclosed generic product filed with the FDA that is awaiting review and for which Elite retains all rights.

The Company also has a pipeline of additional generic drug candidates under active development.

Additionally, the Company is developing abuse resistant opioid products, and once-daily opioid products.

On May 22, 2012, the United States Patent and Trademark Office ("USPTO") issued U.S. Patent No. 8,182,836, entitled "Abuse-Resistant Oral Dosage Forms and Method of Use Thereof, with such patent providing further protection for the Company's Abuse Resistant Technology.

On April 23, 2013, the USPTO issued U.S. Patent No. 8,425,933, entitled "Abuse-Resistant Oral Dosage Forms and Method of User Thereof", with such patent providing further protection for the Company's Abuse Resistant Technology.

The Northvale Facility operates under Current Good Manufacturing Practice ("cGMP") and is a United States Drug Enforcement Agency ("DEA") registered facility for research, development and manufacturing.

Strategy

Elite is focusing its efforts on the following areas: (i) development of Elite's pain management products; (ii) manufacturing of a line of generic pharmaceutical products with approved ANDAs; (iii) development of additional generic pharmaceutical products; (iv) development of the other products in our pipeline including the products with our partners; (v) commercial exploitation of our products either by license and the collection of royalties, or through the manufacture of our formulations; and (vi) development of new products and the expansion of our licensing agreements with other pharmaceutical companies, including co-development projects, joint ventures and other collaborations.

Elite is focusing on the development of various types of drug products, including branded drug products which require new drug applications ("NDAs") under Section 505(b)(1) or 505(b)(2) of the Drug Price Competition and Patent Term Restoration Act of 1984 (the " Drug Price Competition Act ") as well as generic drug products which require ANDAs.

Elite believes that its business strategy enables it to reduce its risk by having a diverse product portfolio that includes both branded and generic products in various therapeutic categories and to build collaborations and establish licensing agreements with companies with greater resources thereby allowing us to share costs of development and improve cash-flow.

Commercial Products

Phentermine

On April 7, 2011, Elite made the initial shipment of phentermine HCl 37.5 mg tablets to TAGI. This triggered a milestone payment under the Precision Dose License Agreement. Phentermine 15mg and Phentermine 30mg were launched in April 2013. Phentermine 37.5mg tablets and Phentermine 15mg and 30mg capsules are now a commercial product being distributed by our partner, TAGI.

Lodrane DŽ Immediate Release capsules

On September 27, 2011, the Company, along with ECR Pharmaceuticals ("ECR"), a wholly owned subsidiary of Hi-Tech Pharmacal ("Hi-Tech") launched Lodrane DŽ , an immediate release formulation of brompheniramine maleate and pseudoephedrine HCl, an effective, low-sedating antihistamine combined with a decongestant.

Lodrane DŽ is promoted and distributed in the U.S. by ECR, Hi-Tech's branded division. Lodrane DŽ is available over-the-counter but also has physician promotion. Lodrane DŽ is the one of the only adult brompheniramine containing products available to the consumer at this time.

Lodrane DŽ is marketed under the Over-the-Counter Monograph (the "OTC Monograph") and accordingly, under the Code of Federal Regulations can be lawfully marketed in the US without prior approval. Under the Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act ("FDCA"), FDA regulations and statements of FDA policy, certain drug products are permitted to be marketed in the U.S. without prior approval. Within the past few years, the FDA has revised its enforcement policies, significantly limiting the circumstances under which these unapproved products may be marketed. If the FDA determines that a company is distributing an unapproved product that requires approval, the FDA may take enforcement action in a variety of ways, including, without limitation, product seizures and seeking a judicial injunction against distribution.

Elite is manufacturing the product for ECR and will receive revenues for the manufacturing, packaging and laboratory stability study services for the product, as well as royalties on sales. The current U.S. allergy market exceeds $3.5 billion.

Methadone 10mg tablets

On January 17, 2012, Elite commenced shipping Methadone 10mg tablets to Ascend Laboratories, LLC. ("Ascend") pursuant to a commercial manufacturing and supply agreement dated June 23, 2011 between Elite and Ascend (the "Methadone Manufacturing and Supply Agreement"). Under the terms of the Methadone Manufacturing and Supply Agreement, Elite performs manufacturing and packaging of Methadone 10mg for Ascend.

Hydromorphone 8mg tablets

On March 13, 2012, Elite commenced shipping Hydromorphone 8mg to TAGI Pharma. This triggered a milestone payment under the License, Manufacturing and Supply Agreement with Precision Dose. Hydromorphone 8mg is now a commercial product being distributed by our partner, TAGI Pharma.

Phendimetrazine Tartrate 35 mg tablets

On November 13, 2012, the Company made the initial shipment of Phendimetrazine Tartrate 35mg tablets, the generic equivalent of Bontril PDMŽ 35mg tablets under a previously announced manufacturing and supply agreement with Mikah Pharma ("Mikah").

As part of the Mikah Asset Purchase Agreement, the ANDA for Phendimetrazine Tartrate 35mg tablets was acquired by the Company.

The Company is currently assessing various options with regards to the commercial marketing and distribution of this product.

Bontril PDMŽ and its generic equivalents had total U.S. sales of approximately $3.5 million for the twelve months ended September 2012, based on IMS Health Data. The Company will be compensated at an agreed upon price for the manufacturing and packaging of this product.

Approved Products

Elite is the owner of the following approved Abbreviated New Drug Applications:

ˇ Phentermine HCl 37.5mg tablets ("Phentermine 37.5mg")

ˇ Hydromorphone HCl 8mg tablets ("Hydromorphone 8mg")

ˇ Naltrexone HCl 50mg tablets ("Naltrexone 50mg")

ˇ Phentermine HCl 15mg capsules ("Phentermine 15mg")

ˇ Phentermine HCl 30mg capsules ("Phentermine 30mg")

ˇ Phendimetrazine Tartrate 35mg tablets ("Phendimetrazine 35mg")

Phentermine HCl 37.5mg tablets

The ANDA for Phentermine 37.5mg was acquired pursuant to an asset purchase agreement with Epic Pharma LLC ("Epic") dated September 10, 2010 (the "Phentermine Purchase Agreement").

Hydromorphone HCl 8mg tablets

The ANDA for Hydromorphone 8mg was acquired pursuant to an asset purchase agreement with Mikah Pharma LLC (the "Hydromorphone Purchase Agreement").

Transfer of the manufacturing process of Hydromorphone 8mg to the Northvale Facility, a prerequisite of the Company's commercial launch of the product, was approved by the FDA on January 23, 2012. However, please note that the completion of such transfer had been significantly delayed as a result of the FDA's reclassification of the Company's CBE-30 supplement filing to a prior approval supplement filing. As a result of the delays caused by this reclassification, the Company recorded an impairment of the Hydromorphone 8mg ANDA in an amount equal to the entire purchase price of the acquisition. This impairment was recorded and is included in the Company's audited financial statements as of March 31, 2011.

Naltrexone HCl 50mg tablets

The ANDA for Naltrexone 50mg was acquired pursuant to an asset purchase agreement with Mikah Pharma LLC (the "Naltrexone Purchase Agreement").

Transfer of the manufacturing process of Naltrexone 50mg to the Northvale Facility is a prerequisite of the Company's commercial launch of the product. The completion of such transfer had been significantly delayed as a result of the FDA's reclassification of the Company's CBE-30 supplement filing to a prior approval supplement filing. However, on January 31, 2013, the FDA approved the Company's supplemental application for the manufacturing and packaging of naltrexone hydrochloride 50mg tablets. This approval will allow the Company to commence the commercial manufacturing and packaging of this product for its sales and marketing partner, which will distribute the product as part of a multi-product distribution agreement. As a result of the prior delays caused by this reclassification, the Company has recorded an impairment of the Naltrexone 50mg ANDA in an amount equal to the entire purchase price of the acquisition. This impairment was recorded and is included in the Company's audited financial statements as of March 31, 2011.

Phentermine 15mg and Phentermine 30mg

Elite received approval as of September 28, 2012 from the US-FDA for Phentermine 15mg and Phentermine 30mg. These products were developed by Elite. The commercial launch of Phentermine 15mg and Phentermine 30mg had been delayed due to the sole supplier of the API approved for these products restricting the amount of such API available to Elite. We resolved this issue and the Phentermine 15mg and Phentermine 30mg products were launched in April 2013. The resolution of this issue related to the supply of API, however, required us to pay substantially higher prices than previously paid for the Phentermine API. Elite anticipates that some of the increase in API pricing could be offset with increase manufacturing efficiencies, but also that volumes and profits from these products will be impaired.

Phendimetrazine 35mg

The ANDA for Phendimetrazine 35mg was included as one of the 13 products acquired pursuant to the Mikah Asset Purchase Agreement.

The Northvale Facility had previously been approved as a manufacturing site for this product, with commercial production commencing in 2012 and initial shipment of this product being made in November 2012, pursuant to a manufacturing and supply agreement between the Company and Mikah dated June 1, 2011.

The Company is now the owner of this ANDA and is assessing various marketing and distribution options.

Contract Manufacturing of Isradipine and Phendimetrazine

On June 1, 2011, Elite executed a Manufacturing and Supply Agreement (the "Phendimetrazine Agreement") with Mikah Pharma, LLC ("Mikah") to undertake and perform certain services relating to two generic products: Isradipine Capsules USP, 2.5 mg and 5 mg ("Isradipine") and Phendimetrazine Tartrate Tablets USP, 35 mg ("Phendimetrazine").

On September 21, 2012, the Phendimetrazine Agreement was amended to remove Isradipine from the agreement, due to the discontinuance of development activities related to Isradipine.

On August 9, 2013, the Isradipine/Phendimetrazine Agreement was terminated by the written agreement of both parties, as a result of the Mikah Asset Purchase Agreement making the Phendimetrazine Agreement not relevant.

Development and License Agreement with Hong Kong based company

On March 16, 2012, Elite executed a Development and License Agreement ("D&L Agreement") with a private Hong Kong-based company (the "Hong Kong-based Customer") for Elite to develop for the Hong Kong-based Customer a branded prescription pharmaceutical product in the United States. The Hong Kong-based Customer has informed us that it has been in business for more than five years and it has multiple FDA approved manufacturing sites outside of the United States.

Pursuant to the D&L Agreement, the Hong Kong-based Customer has engaged Elite to develop and manufacture a prescription pharmaceutical product (the "Prescription Product"). Elite agrees to be the Preferred Manufacturer and supplier of the Prescription Product pursuant to the D&L Agreement and perform maintenance activities such as stability or annual report filings for the Prescription Product. The Hong Kong-based Customer, or its designees, shall prepare all applications necessary to obtain any Prescription Product registration and permits required to file the Prescription Product in the Territories required to market the Prescription Product. All Registrations shall be solely owned by the Hong Kong-based Customer including any NDA filed with the FDA for the Prescription Product. Elite shall provide the Hong Kong-based Customer with all pharmaceutical, technical, and clinical data and information in support of the NDA application by the Hong Kong-based Customer for the approval of the Prescription Product. In consideration of Elite's performance in accordance with the terms and conditions of the D&L Agreement, the Hong Kong-based Customer shall pay Elite milestone for the Development Program and shall pay Elite for the manufacturing of the Prescription Product. Maintenance activities will be paid separately on a quarterly basis.

The Hong Kong-based Customer shall own and market the Prescription Product under its own Trademark. The term of this D&L Agreement shall be effective from the date consummated and shall continue for a five (5) year term after the commercial launch of the Prescription Product. Upon the expiration of the initial term or any renewal term, this D&L Agreement will automatically renew for an additional one (1) year term, unless one Party gives at least six (6) months notice in writing in advance of its intent not to renew.

Discontinued Products - Lodrane 24Ž and Lodrane 24DŽ

On March 3, 2011, the FDA announced its intention to remove approximately 500 cough/cold and allergy related products from the U.S. market. The once daily allergy products manufactured by Elite, Lodrane 24Ž and Lodrane 24DŽ (the "LodraneŽ Extended Release Products"), were included in the FDA list of 500 products. After this announcement by the FDA, the Company's customer for the LodraneŽ Extended Release Products cancelled all outstanding orders and manufacturing of the LodraneŽ Extended Release Products has ceased. The shipments made during the quarter ended June 30, 2011 consisted solely of quantities that were in production at the time ECR cancelled all outstanding orders. There were no shipments of the Lodrane Extended Release Products subsequent to those that were made during the quarter ended June 30, 2011.

ECR (the owner and marketer of the LodraneŽ Extended Release Products) initiated a formal approval process with the FDA in 2010 regarding the LodraneŽ Extended Release Products and issued a press release on March 3, 2011 stating that they will continue to actively pursue approval for the LodraneŽ Extended Release Products. In addition, on April 29, 2011, ECR filed a Petition for Review with the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia, petitioning such court to review and set aside the final order of the FDA with relation to the LodraneŽ Extended Release Products. The Company has received no further information from ECR with regards to the status of the Petition filed.

The LodraneŽ Extended Release Products were co-developed with our partner, ECR, and the Company was receiving revenues from the manufacture of the LodraneŽ Products and laboratory stability study services, as well as royalties on in-market sales. Contracts relating to the manufacture and sale of the LodraneŽ Extended Release Products were formally terminated on April 26, 2013.

During the three months ended June 30, 2011, Elite made its final shipments of the LodraneŽ Extended Release Products. In addition, the Company sold to ECR, at cost without markup, all raw materials related to the manufacture of the LodraneŽ Extended Release Products which remained in stock subsequent to the final shipment of the LodraneŽ Extended Release Products. As manufacturing of the LodraneŽ Extended Release Products has ceased, there will be no further manufacturing revenues derived from the LodraneŽ Extended Release Products unless and until such products receive the necessary approvals from the FDA.

Please note that there can be no assurances that such approvals will be granted or that future manufacturing revenues will be earned by the Company from the manufacture of the LodraneŽ Extended Release Products, should such approvals be granted by the FDA. Furthermore, the Company has been advised that ECR has decided not to proceed with the development of the extended release formulations marketed under the LodraneŽ brand. The company has received FDA feedback on clinical protocols for the extended release brompheniramine product. It also has filed a Citizen Petition with the FDA related to the extended release brompheniramine/pseudoephedrine product. The Company believes a successful resolution of the Citizen Petition would put this product in a position to move forward with clinical trials and eventually secure the requisite approvals for introduction of the product to the market. The Company may proceed with the development of these formulations and may seek partners in conjunction with such activities, but there can be no assurances that the Company will pursue the development of these formulations, or that such development activities, if pursued, will result in approvals from the FDA. Please also note that the Company does not have ownership of the LodraneŽ brand name, and that if any products containing the formulations associated with the LodraneŽ brand name are approved and marketed, such would be done under a different brand name.

While Elite's manufacturing of the LodraneŽ Extended Release Products has ceased, the sale of such products in the US market was still permitted by the FDA until August 30, 2011. The Company earned royalties on any in-market sales that occurred up to that date.

Contract laboratory services for the LodraneŽ Extended Products will continue, on a residual basis, as such services consist of stability studies that must be performed over certain defined time periods. These revenues are expected to be significantly less than laboratory service revenues earned in periods prior to the removal of the Extended Release Lodrane products from the market.

Products Under Development

It is our general policy not to disclose products in our development pipeline or the status of such products until a product reaches a stage that we determine, for competitive reasons, in our discretion, to be appropriate for disclosure and because the disclosure of such information might suggest the occurrence of future matters or events that may not occur.

Abuse Resistant and Sustained Release Opioids

A once-daily oxycodone formulation was developed by Elite, using its proprietary technology. An investigational new drug application, or IND, has been filed. Elite has completed two pharmacokinetic studies in healthy subjects and has scaled up the product. We are looking for a partner for this product.

The abuse resistant opioid products utilize our patented abuse-deterrent technology that is based on a pharmacological approach. These products are combinations of a narcotic agonist, in a sustained-release formulation intended for use in patients with moderate to severe chronic pain, and an antagonist, formulated to deter abuse of the drug. Both, agonist and antagonist have been on the market for a number of years and sold separately in various dose strengths. Elite has filed an IND for the product and has tested the product in a series of pharmacokinetic studies. The Company expects their first commercially scaled-up, abuse-resistant opioid product to enter human pilot studies later this year. Work has also been conducted on another abuse-resistant opioid product. Products utilizing the pharmacological approach to deter abuse such as SuboxoneŽ , a product marketed in the United States by Reckitt Benckiser Pharmaceuticals, Inc., and EmbedaŽ , a product marketed in the United States by Pfizer, Inc., has been approved by the FDA and is being marketed in the United States.

Elite has developed, and retains the rights to these abuse resistant and sustained release opioid products. Elite may license these products at a later date to a third party who could provide funding for the remaining clinical studies and who could provide sales and distribution for the product. The drug delivery technology development underlying the sustained release products was initiated under a joint venture with Elan which terminated in 2002.

According to the Elan Termination Agreement, Elite acquired all proprietary, development and commercial rights for the worldwide markets for the products developed by the joint venture, including the sustained release opioid products. Upon licensing or commercialization of a once daily oxycodone product, Elite will pay a royalty to Elan pursuant to the Termination Agreement. If Elite were to sell the product itself, Elite will pay a 1% royalty to Elan based on the product's net sales, and if Elite enters into an agreement with another party to sell the product, Elite will pay a 9% royalty to Elan based on Elite's net revenues from this product. (Elite's net product revenues would include license fees, royalties, manufacturing profits and milestones) Elite is allowed to recoup all development costs including research, process development, analytical development, clinical development and regulatory costs before payment of any royalties to Elan.

Epic Strategic Alliance Agreement

On March 18, 2009, Elite and Epic Pharma, LLC and Epic Investments, LLC, a subsidiary of Epic Pharma LLC (collectively, "Epic") entered into the Epic Strategic Alliance Agreement (amended on April 30, 2009, June 1, 2009 and July 28, 2009). The Epic Strategic Alliance Agreement expired on June 4, 2012. Epic is a pharmaceutical company that operates a business synergistic to that of Elite in the research and development, manufacturing and sales and marketing of . . .

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