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FBNK > SEC Filings for FBNK > Form 10-Q on 9-Aug-2013All Recent SEC Filings




Quarterly Report

Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Forward-Looking Statements

This Form 10-Q contains "forward-looking statements." You can identify these forward-looking statements through our use of words such as "may," "will," "anticipate," "assume," "should," "indicate," "would," "believe," "contemplate," "expect," "estimate," "continue," "plan," "project," "could," "intend," "target" and other similar words and expressions of the future. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:

? statements of our goals, intentions and expectations;

? statements regarding our business plans, prospects, growth and operating strategies;

? statements regarding the asset quality of our loan and investment portfolios; and

? estimates of our risks and future costs and benefits.

These forward-looking statements are based on current beliefs and expectations of our management and are inherently subject to significant business, economic and competitive uncertainties and contingencies, many of which are beyond our control. In addition, these forward-looking statements are subject to assumptions with respect to future business strategies and decisions that are subject to change.

The following factors, among others, could cause actual results to differ materially from the anticipated results or other expectations expressed in the forward-looking statements:

? Local, regional and national business or economic conditions may differ from those expected.

? The effects of and changes in trade, monetary and fiscal policies and laws, including the U.S. Federal Reserve Board's interest rate policies, may adversely affect our business.

? The ability to increase market share and control expenses may be more difficult than anticipated.

Changes in laws and regulatory requirements (including those ? concerning taxes, banking, securities and insurance) may adversely affect us or our business.

? Changes in accounting policies and practices, as may be adopted by regulatory agencies, the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board or the Financial Accounting Standards Board, may affect expected financial reporting.

Future changes in interest rates may reduce our profits ? which could have a negative impact on the value of our stock.

? We are subject to lending risk and could incur losses in our loan portfolio despite our underwriting practices. Changes in real estate values could also increase our lending risk.

? Changes in demand for loan products, financial products and deposit flow could impact our financial performance.

? Strong competition within our market area may limit our growth and profitability.

? If our allowance for loan losses is not sufficient to cover actual loan losses, our earnings could decrease.

? Our stock value may be negatively affected by federal regulations and articles of incorporation provisions restricting takeovers.

? Implementation of stock benefit plans will increase our costs, which will reduce our income.

? The Dodd-Frank Act was signed into law on July 21, 2010 and has resulted in dramatic regulatory changes that affects the industry in general, and may impact our competitive position in ways that cannot be predicted at this time.

The Emergency Economic Stabilization Act ("EESA") of 2008 ? has and may continue to have a significant impact on the banking industry.

? The increased cost of maintaining or the Company's ability to maintain adequate liquidity and capital, based on the requirements adopted by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision and U.S. regulators.

? Changes to the amount and timing of proposed common stock repurchases.

? Computer systems on which we depend could fail or experience a security breach, implementation of new technologies may not be successful; and our ability to anticipate and respond to technological changes can affect our ability to meet customer needs.

? We may not manage the risks involved in the foregoing as well as anticipated.

Any forward-looking statements made by or on behalf of us in this Form 10-Q speak only as of the date of this Form 10-Q. We do not undertake to update forward-looking statements to reflect the impact of circumstances or events that arise after the date the forward-looking statement was made. The reader should, however, consider any further disclosures of a forward-looking nature we may make in future filings. The Company wishes to advise readers that the factors listed above could affect the Company's financial performance and could cause the Company's actual results for future periods to differ materially from any opinions or statements expressed with respect to future periods in any current statements.


Established in 1851, Farmington Bank is a full-service, community bank with 20 full service branch offices and 4 limited services offices, including our main office, located throughout Hartford County, Connecticut. We opened our 21st branch in East Hartford, CT in July. Farmington Bank provides a diverse range of commercial and consumer services to businesses, individuals and governments across Central Connecticut.

Our Business Strategy

Our business strategy is to operate as a well-capitalized and profitable community bank for businesses, individuals and governments. Our branch franchise extends throughout Hartford County with lending throughout the State of Connecticut. The key elements of our operating strategy include:

? maintaining a strong capital position in excess of the well-capitalized standards set by our banking regulators to support our current operations and future growth;

? continuing our focus on commercial lending and continuing to expand commercial banking operations;

? continuing to focus on consumer and residential lending;

? maintaining asset quality and prudent lending standards;

? expanding our existing products and services and developing new products and services to meet the changing needs of consumers and businesses in our market area;

? continuing expansion through de novo branching;

? increase consumer, small business and commercial deposit transaction account portfolio to grow customer base and have more non-interest bearing source of funds;

? expand electronic banking delivery capability and usage to complement our de novo branch strategy and provide customer access 24/7;

? taking advantage of acquisition opportunities that are consistent with our strategic growth plans; and

? continuing our efforts to control non-interest expenses.

Critical Accounting Policies

The accounting policies followed by us conform with the accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Critical accounting policies are defined as those that are reflective of significant judgments and uncertainties, and could potentially result in materially different results under different assumptions and conditions. We believe that our most critical accounting policies, which involve the most complex subjective decisions or assessments, relate to allowance for loan losses, other-than-temporary impairment of investment securities, income taxes, pension and other post-retirement benefits, employee stock ownership plan, stock incentive plan and earnings per share. The following is a description of our critical accounting policies and an explanation of the methods and assumptions underlying their application.

Allowance for Loan Losses: The allowance for loan losses is maintained at a level believed adequate by management to absorb potential losses inherent in the loan portfolio as of the statement of condition date. The allowance for loan losses consists of a formula allowance following FASB ASC 450 - Contingencies and FASB ASC 310 - Receivables. The allowance for loan losses is established as losses are estimated to have occurred through a provision for loan losses charged to earnings. Loan losses are charged against the allowance when management believes the uncollectibility of a loan balance is confirmed. Subsequent recoveries, if any, are credited to the allowance.

The allowance for loan losses is evaluated on a regular basis by management. This evaluation is inherently subjective as it requires estimates that are susceptible to significant revision as more information becomes available. The allowance consists of general, allocated and unallocated components, as further described below. All reserves are available to cover any losses regardless of how they are allocated.

General component: The general component of the allowance for loan losses is based on historical loss experience adjusted for qualitative factors stratified by the following loan segments: residential real estate, commercial real estate, construction, installment, commercial, collateral, home equity line of credit, demand, revolving credit and resort. Construction loans include classes for commercial investment real estate construction, commercial owner occupied construction, residential development and residential subdivision construction loans. Management uses a rolling average of historical losses based on a time frame appropriate to capture relevant loss data for each loan segment. This historical loss factor is adjusted for the following qualitative factors:
levels/trends in delinquencies; trends in volume and terms of loans; effects of changes in risk selection and underwriting standards and other changes in lending policies, procedures and practices; experience/ability/depth of lending management and staff; and national and local economic trends and conditions. There were no material changes in the Company's policies or methodology pertaining to the general component of the allowance for loan losses during the three and six months ended June 30, 2013.

The qualitative factors are determined based on the various risk characteristics of each loan segment. Risk characteristics relevant to each portfolio segment are as follows:

Residential real estate - Residential real estate loans are generally originated in amounts up to 95.0% of the lesser of the appraised value or purchase price of the property, with private mortgage insurance required on loans with a loan-to-value ratio in excess of 80.0%. The Company does not grant or purchase subprime loans. All loans in this segment are collateralized by owner-occupied residential real estate and repayment is dependent on the credit quality of the individual borrower. Typically, all fixed-rate residential mortgage loans are underwritten pursuant to secondary market underwriting guidelines which include minimum FICO standards. The overall health of the economy, including unemployment rates and housing prices, may have an effect on the credit quality in this segment.

Commercial real estate - Loans in this segment are primarily income-producing properties throughout New England. The underlying cash flows generated by the properties may be adversely impacted by a downturn in the economy as evidenced by increased vacancy rates, which in turn, may have an effect on the credit quality in this segment. Management generally obtains rent rolls and other financial information, as appropriate on an annual basis and continually monitors the cash flows of these loans.

Construction loans - Loans in this segment include commercial construction loans, real estate subdivision development loans, to developers, licensed contractors and builders for the construction and development of commercial real estate projects and residential properties. Construction lending contains a unique risk characteristic as loans are originated under market and economic conditions that may change between the time of origination and the completion and subsequent purchaser financing of the property. In addition, construction subdivision loans and commercial and residential construction loans to contractors and developers entail additional risks as compared to single-family residential mortgage lending to owner-occupants. These loans typically involve large loan balances concentrated in single borrowers or groups of related borrowers. Real estate subdivision development loans to developers, licensed contractors and builders for the construction are generally speculative real estate development loans for which payment is derived from sale of the property. Credit risk may be affected by cost overruns, time to sell at an adequate price, and market conditions. Construction financing is generally considered to involve a higher degree of credit risk than longer-term financing on improved, owner-occupied real estate. Residential construction credit quality may be impacted by the overall health of the economy, including unemployment rates and housing prices.

Installment, Collateral, Demand and Revolving Credit - Loans in these segments include installment, demand, revolving credit and collateral loans, principally to customers residing in our primary market area with acceptable credit ratings. Our installment and collateral consumer loans generally consist of loans on new and used automobiles, loans collateralized by deposit accounts and unsecured personal loans. The overall health of the economy, including unemployment rates and housing prices, may have an effect on the credit quality in this segment. Excluding collateral loans which are fully collateralized by a deposit account, repayment for loans in these segments are dependent on the credit quality of the individual borrower.

Commercial - Loans in this segment are made to businesses and are generally secured by assets of the business. Repayment is expected from the cash flows of the business. A weakened economy, and resultant decreased consumer spending, may have an effect on the credit quality in this segment.

Home equity line of credit - Loans in this segment include home equity loans and lines of credit underwritten with a loan-to-value ratio generally limited to no more than 80%, including any first mortgage. Our home equity lines of credit have ten-year terms and adjustable rates of interest which are indexed to the prime rate. The overall health of the economy, including unemployment rates and housing prices, may have an effect on the credit quality in this segment.

Resort - Loans in this segment include loans to timeshare developer / operators and participations in timeshare loans originated by experienced timeshare lending institutions, which originate and sell timeshare participations to other lending institutions. Lending to this industry is generally done on a nationwide basis, as the majority of timeshare operators are located outside of the Northeast. Receivable loans, which account for 88% of the resort portfolio at June 30, 2013, are typically underwritten utilizing a lending formula in which loan advances are based on a percentage of eligible consumer notes. In addition, these loans generally contain provisions for recourse to the developer, the obligation of the developer to replace defaulted consumer notes, and parameters with respect to minimum FICO scores or average weighted FICO scores of the portfolio of pledged notes. The overall health of the economy, including unemployment rates and housing prices, may have an effect on the credit quality in this segment. The Company is gradually exiting the resort financing market.

Allocated component: The allocated component relates to loans that are classified as impaired. Impairment is measured on a loan by loan basis for commercial real estate, construction, commercial and resort loans by the present value of expected cash flows discounted at the effective interest rate; the fair value of the collateral, if applicable; or the observable market price for the loan. An allowance is established when the discounted cash flows (or collateral value) of the impaired loan is lower than the carrying value of that loan. The Company does not separately identify individual consumer and residential real estate loans for impairment disclosures, unless such loans are subject to a troubled debt restructuring agreement or they are nonaccrual loans with outstanding balances of $100,000 or more.

A loan is considered impaired when, based on current information and events, it is probable that the Company will be unable to collect the scheduled payments of principal or interest when due according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement. Factors considered by management in determining impairment include payment status, collateral value, and the probability of collecting scheduled principal and interest payments when due. Loans that experience insignificant payment delays and payment shortfalls generally are not classified as impaired. Management determines the significance of payment delays and payment shortfalls on a case-by-case basis, taking into consideration all of the circumstances surrounding the loan and the borrower, including the length of the delay, the reasons for the delay, the borrower's prior payment record, and the amount of the shortfall in relation to the principal and interest owed. Impairment is measured on a loan-by-loan basis for commercial and construction loans by the present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the loan's effective interest rate, the loan's obtainable market price or the fair value of the collateral if the loan is collateral dependent. Management updates the analysis quarterly. The assumptions used in appraisals are reviewed for appropriateness. Updated appraisals or valuations are obtained as needed or adjusted to reflect the estimated decline in the fair value based upon current market conditions for comparable properties.

The Company periodically may agree to modify the contractual terms of loans. When a loan is modified and a concession is made to a borrower experiencing financial difficulty, the modification is considered a troubled debt restructuring ("TDR"). All TDRs are classified as impaired.

Unallocated component: An unallocated component is maintained, when needed, to cover uncertainties that could affect management's estimate of probable losses. The unallocated component of the allowance reflects the margin of imprecision inherent in the underlying assumptions used in the methodologies for estimating allocated and general reserves in the portfolio. The Company's Loan Policy allows management to utilize a high and low range of 0.0% to 5.0% of our total allowance for loan losses when establishing an unallocated allowance, when considered necessary. The unallocated allowance is used to provide for an unidentified loss that may exist in emerging problem loans that cannot be fully quantified or may be affected by conditions not fully understood as of the balance sheet date.

During 2013, we have started to see a slight improvement in the real estate markets and the overall economic conditions which have led to an improvement in collateral values and cash flows of borrowers. The stabilization of these economic conditions have led to improvements in charge-offs, delinquencies and non-performing loans and improved valuations for the Company's impaired loans as of June 30, 2013. The economy is still very fragile and uncertain. If the current trend reverses itself in 2013, it could impact significant estimates such as the allowance for loan losses and the effect could be material.

Other-than-Temporary Impairment of Securities: In accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") Accounting Standards Codification ("FASB ASC") 320-Debt and Equity Securities, a decline in market value of a debt security below amortized cost that is deemed other-than-temporary is charged to earnings for the credit related other-than-temporary impairment ("OTTI") resulting in the establishment of a new cost basis for the security, while the non-credit related OTTI is recognized in other comprehensive income if there is no intent or requirement to sell the security. Management reviews the securities portfolio on a quarterly basis for the presence of OTTI. An assessment is made as to whether the decline in value results from company-specific events, industry developments, general economic conditions, credit losses on debt or other reasons. After the reasons for the decline are identified, further judgments are required as to whether those conditions are likely to reverse and, if so, whether that reversal is likely to result in a recovery of the fair value of the investment in the near term. If it is judged not to be near-term, a charge is taken which results in a new cost basis. Credit related OTTI for debt securities is recognized in earnings while non-credit related OTTI is recognized in other comprehensive income if there is no intent to sell or will not be required to sell the security. If an equity security is deemed other-than-temporarily impaired, the full impairment is considered to be credit-related and a charge to earnings would be recorded. Management believes the policy for evaluating securities for other-than-temporary impairment is critical because it involves significant judgments by management and could have a material impact on our net income.

Gains and losses on sales of securities are recognized at the time of sale on a specific identification basis. Marketable equity and debt securities are classified as either trading, available-for-sale, or held-to-maturity (applies only to debt securities). Management determines the appropriate classifications of securities at the time of purchase. At June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, we had no debt or equity securities classified as trading. Held-to-maturity securities are debt securities for which we have the ability and intent to hold until maturity. All other securities not included in held-to-maturity are classified as available-for-sale. Held-to-maturity securities are recorded at amortized cost, adjusted for the amortization or accretion of premiums or discounts. Available-for-sale securities are recorded at fair value. Unrealized gains and losses, net of the related tax effect, on available-for-sale securities are excluded from earnings and are reported in accumulated other comprehensive income, a separate component of equity, until realized.

Premiums and discounts on debt securities are amortized or accreted into interest income over the term of the securities using the level yield method.

Income Taxes: Deferred income taxes are provided for differences arising in the timing of income and expenses for financial reporting and for income tax purposes. Deferred income taxes and tax benefits are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax basis. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. We provide a deferred tax asset valuation allowance for the estimated future tax effects attributable to temporary differences and carryforwards when realization is determined not to be more likely than not. We adopted the provisions of FASB ASC 740-10, "Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes", on January 1, 2007. FASB ASC 740-10 prescribes a recognition threshold that a tax position is required to meet before being recognized in the financial statements and provides guidance on derecognition, measurement, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure and transition issues. Pursuant to FASB ASC 740-10, we examine our financial statements, our income tax provision and our federal and state income tax returns and analyze our tax positions, including permanent and temporary differences, as well as the major components of income and expense, to determine whether a tax benefit is more likely than not to be sustained upon examination by tax authorities. We recognize interest and penalties arising from income tax settlements as part of our provision for income taxes.

Pension and Other Post-retirement Benefits: On December 27, 2012, the Company announced the freezing of the non-contributory defined-benefit pension plan and certain other postretirement benefit plans as of February 28, 2013. All benefits under these plans will be frozen as of that date and no additional benefits shall accrue.

We have a noncontributory defined benefit pension plan that provides benefits for substantially all employees hired before January 1, 2007 who meet certain requirements as to age and length of service. The benefits are based on years of service and average compensation, as defined in the plan. Our funding policy is to contribute annually the maximum amount that could be deducted for federal income tax purposes, while meeting the minimum funding standards established by the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974.

In addition to providing pension benefits, we provide certain health care and life insurance benefits for retired employees. Participants or eligible employees hired before January 1, 1993 become eligible for the benefits if they retire after reaching age 62 with fifteen or more years of service. A fixed percent of annual costs are paid depending on length of service at retirement. We accrue for the estimated costs of these other post-retirement benefits through charges to expense during the years that employees render service. We make contributions to cover the current benefits paid under this plan. Management believes the policy for determining pension and other post-retirement benefit expenses is critical because judgments are required with respect to the appropriate discount rate, rate of return on assets, salary increases and other items. Management reviews and updates these assumptions annually. If our estimate of pension and post-retirement expense is too low we may experience higher expenses in the future, reducing our net income. If our estimate is too high, we may experience lower expenses in the future, increasing our net income.

Employee Stock Ownership Plan ("ESOP"): The Company accounts for its ESOP in accordance with FASB ASC 718-40, Compensation - Stock Compensation. Under this guidance, unearned ESOP shares are not considered outstanding and are shown as a reduction of stockholders' equity as unearned compensation. The Company will recognize compensation cost equal to the fair value of the ESOP shares during the periods in which they are committed to be released. To the extent that the fair value of the Company's ESOP shares differs from the cost of such shares, this difference will be credited or debited to equity. The Company will receive a tax deduction equal to the cost of the shares released to the extent of the principal pay down on the loan by the ESOP. As the loan is internally leveraged, the loan receivable from the ESOP to the Company is not reported as an asset nor is the debt of the ESOP shown as a liability in the Company's consolidated financial statements.

Stock Incentive Plan: During August 2012, the Company implemented the First Connecticut Bancorp, Inc. 2012 Stock Incentive Plan to provide for issuance or granting of shares of common stock for stock options or restricted stock. The Company applies ASC 718, Compensation - Stock Compensation, and has recorded stock-based employee compensation cost using the fair value method. Management estimated the fair values of all option grants using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. Management estimated the expected life of the options using the simplified method allowed under SAB No. 107. The risk-free rate was determined utilizing the treasury yield for the expected life of the option contract.

Earnings Per Share: Basic net earnings (loss) per common share is calculated by dividing the net income (loss) available to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net earnings (loss) per common share is computed in a manner similar to basic net earnings (loss) per common share except that the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding is increased to include the incremental common shares (as computed using the treasury stock method) that would have been outstanding if all potentially dilutive common stock equivalents were issued during the period. Unvested restricted stock are participating securities and are considered outstanding and included in the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding for purposes of calculating both basic and diluted earnings per common share since the shares participate in dividends and the right to . . .

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