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COLM > SEC Filings for COLM > Form 10-Q on 7-Aug-2013All Recent SEC Filings

Show all filings for COLUMBIA SPORTSWEAR CO



Quarterly Report

This quarterly report contains forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements include any statements related to our expectations regarding future performance or market position, including any statements regarding anticipated sales, gross margins and operating margins across markets, distribution channels and product categories, licensing income, expenses, input costs and cost containment measures, effects of unseasonable weather on our results of operations, inventory levels, investments in our business, including commencement and further funding of our China joint venture, investments in our information technology systems, our direct-to-consumer channels and other capital expenditures, access to raw materials and factory capacity, financing and working capital requirements and resources, tax rates and pre-tax income, and our exposure to market risk associated with interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates.
These forward-looking statements, and others we make from time to time, are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties. Many factors may cause actual results to differ materially from those projected in forward-looking statements, including the risks described below in Part II, Item 1A, Risk Factors. We do not undertake any duty to update forward-looking statements after the date they are made or to conform them to actual results or to changes in circumstances or expectations.
Our Business
As one of the largest outdoor apparel and footwear companies in the world, we design, source, market and distribute active outdoor apparel, footwear, accessories and equipment under the Columbia, Mountain Hardwear, Sorel and Montrail brands. Our products are sold through a mix of wholesale distribution channels, independent distributors, and our own direct-to-consumer channels. In addition, we license our Columbia trademarks across a range of apparel, footwear, accessories and equipment.
The popularity of outdoor activities, changing design trends, consumer adoption of innovative performance technologies and the availability and desirability of competitor alternatives affect consumer desire for our products. Therefore, we seek to drive, anticipate and respond to trends and shifts in consumer preferences by adjusting the mix and price points of available product offerings, developing new products with innovative performance features and designs, and creating persuasive and memorable marketing communications to generate consumer awareness, demand and retention. Failure to anticipate or respond to consumer needs and preferences in a timely and adequate manner could have a material adverse effect on our sales and profitability. Seasonality and Variability of Business
Our business is affected by the general seasonal trends common to the outdoor industry and is heavily dependent upon weather and discretionary consumer spending patterns. Our products are marketed on a seasonal basis and our sales are weighted substantially toward the third and fourth quarters, while our operating costs are more equally distributed throughout the year. The expansion of our direct-to-consumer operations has increased the proportion of sales and profits that we generate in the fourth calendar quarter. As a result, our sales and profits tend to be highest in the third and fourth calendar quarters. In 2012, approximately 63 percent of our net sales and all of our profitability were realized in the second half of the year, illustrating our dependence upon sales results in the second half of the year, as well as the less seasonal nature of our operating costs.
We generally solicit orders from wholesale customers and independent distributors for each of the fall and spring selling seasons based on seasonal ordering deadlines that we establish to aid our efforts to plan manufacturing volumes to meet demand. We typically ship the majority of our advance fall season orders to wholesale customers and independent distributors beginning in June and continuing through November. Similarly, the majority of our advance spring season orders ship to wholesale customers and independent distributors beginning in December and continuing through May. Generally, orders are subject to cancellation prior to the date of shipment.
Results of operations in any period should not be considered indicative of the results to be expected for any future period, particularly in light of persistent volatility in economic conditions. Sales of our products are subject to substantial cyclical fluctuation, the effects of unseasonable weather conditions, the relative popularity of competitors' brands, and the continued popularity of outdoor activities as part of an active lifestyle in key markets. Volatile economic environments in key markets, coupled with inflationary or volatile input costs, reduce the predictability of our business. Business Outlook
The global business climate continues to present us with a great deal of uncertainty, making it more difficult to predict future results. Factors that could significantly affect our full year 2013 outlook include:
Unseasonable weather conditions or other unforeseen factors affecting consumer demand and the resulting effect on order cancellations, sales returns, customer accommodations, reorders, direct-to-consumer sales and suppressed demand in subsequent seasons;

Changes in mix and volume of full price sales in contrast with closeout product sales and promotional sales activity;

Costs to support supply chain and information technology infrastructure investments and projects, including our multi-year global enterprise resource planning ("ERP") system implementation;

Our ability to implement and maintain effective cost containment measures in order to limit the growth of selling, general and administrative ("SG&A") expenses;

Continued economic uncertainty, which is creating headwinds in key global markets, particularly Europe as it relates to our EMEA direct business where we have ongoing efforts to revitalize Columbia brand sales;

Ongoing political and economic uncertainty, particularly in South America with respect to import restrictions and currency constraints in key distributor markets;

The rate of new store expansion and performance of our existing stores in our direct-to-consumer operations;

Changes in consumer spending activity; and

Fluctuating currency exchange rates.

These factors and others may have a material effect on our financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows, particularly with respect to quarterly comparisons.
Our previously announced joint venture in mainland China with Swire is expected to commence operations effective January 1, 2014, subject to regulatory approval in the People's Republic of China and other conditions customary in transactions of this size and type. As a majority-owned entity, the joint venture's operations will be included in our consolidated financial results. During 2013, our financial results will be affected as we transition to the joint venture from our current third-party distributor relationship with Swire. We funded our initial capital contribution of $12 million in cash and Swire funded its initial capital contribution of $8 million in cash to the joint venture during the second quarter of 2013. Additional capital will be provided in the fourth quarter of 2013 in the form of proportionate shareholder loans totaling up to $40 million. We have incurred approximately $1.3 million of organizational and other pre-operating SG&A expenses during the first half of 2013 and we expect to incur an additional approximately $2.2 million of these expenses during the second half of the year. Our shipments of spring 2014 inventory for the China market, anticipated to begin in the fourth quarter of 2013, will be sold directly to the joint venture entity. The related sales, gross margin, and licensing income, which we would have recognized in the fourth quarter of 2013 under the distributor model, will be deferred and recognized in future periods as the joint venture sells that inventory to wholesale customers and consumers. Similarly, on or about December 31, 2013, Swire's inventory of fall 2013 and prior seasons will be transferred to the joint venture. We have begun deferring 2013 profits related to the existing inventory expected to be transferred to the joint venture and we will recognize those profits as the inventory is sold by the joint venture in future periods. The actual amount of profit eliminations and deferrals from the remainder of 2013 into future periods will be dependent upon the volume of inventory purchased by the joint venture in the fourth quarter of 2013 and the actual remaining balance of prior season inventory transferred to the joint venture at December 31, 2013. These adjustments have been included in our 2013 outlook described below. Our current fiscal year 2013 outlook assumes:
a net sales decline of up to 2.5 percent compared to 2012, including a decline in North America wholesale net sales resulting from cautious fall 2013 advance orders following mild winter weather in 2012 and declines in Europe primarily due to continued product assortment and macro-economic challenges that have hampered our ongoing efforts to revitalize our brands in key European markets. We also expect net sales to decline in the LAAP region following two years of rapid growth, driven by a decline in Japan resulting from a significantly weaker yen, the effects described above of transitioning to a joint venture in China, import restrictions and currency constraints in key South American distributor markets, and the transition to a new distributor in Australia. These declines are expected to be partially offset by expansion of our global direct-to-consumer business;

gross margin expansion of approximately 10 basis points compared with 2012, reflecting a higher proportion of direct-to-consumer sales and less promotional activity, partially offset by the effect of deferring approximately $2.3 million of gross profit into 2014 as a result of the transition to a joint venture in China, and unfavorable foreign currency hedge rates;

SG&A expenses approximately 1.5 percent higher than 2012, resulting in SG&A expense deleverage of approximately 140 basis points. The slight increase in expected SG&A expense includes pre-tax restructuring charges of approximately $4.8 million, primarily related to employee termination and lease exit costs in our European operation, and $3.5 million in pre-operating expenses related to the China joint venture. The drivers of increased SG&A expense include expansion of our direct-to-consumer platform, compensation and benefit increases, and continued investment in information technology and ERP implementation; partially offset by favorable foreign currency exchange translation and reduced expenses from our EMEA business;

licensing income comparable to 2012, including the effect of deferring approximately $3.9 million of licensing income into 2014 in conjunction with the transition to the China joint venture.

the year-over-year differences in currency exchange rates, particularly the Japanese yen, are anticipated to negatively affect net sales and operating income by approximately 2 percent and 3 percent, respectively;

a full year tax rate of approximately 26 percent; however, the actual rate could differ, perhaps significantly, based on the status of tax uncertainties, the geographic mix of pre-tax income, and other discrete events that may occur during the year;

2013 capital expenditures of approximately $65 million, comprising information technology, project-based and maintenance capital, and direct-to-consumer expansion.

The combination of the above assumptions leads us to anticipate 2013 operating margin of approximately 6.8 percent. Excluding anticipated restructuring charges of approximately $4.8 million, and the effects of pre-operating costs of approximately $3.5 million and income deferral of approximately $6.2 million related to transitioning to the China joint venture, full year 2013 operating margins are expected to be approximately 7.6 percent. We continue to evaluate all areas of our business in order to streamline our business and improve operating results.
Results of Operations
The following discussion of our results of operations and liquidity and capital resources should be read in conjunction with the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying Notes that appear elsewhere in this quarterly report. All references to quarters relate to the quarter ended June 30 of the particular year.
The second quarter is our smallest revenue quarter, historically accounting for approximately 15 percent of our annual net sales. As a result, geographic, product category and brand net sales results often produce large percentage variances when compared with the prior year's comparable period due to the small base of comparison and changes in the timing of shipments. Seasonal shipments to our international distributors may occur late in the second quarter or early in the third quarter. In addition, our fixed cost structure amplifies the seasonal sales effect on our profitability.
Highlights of the Second Quarter of 2013

Net sales for the second quarter of 2013 decreased $9.9 million, or 3%, to $280.5 million from $290.4 million for the second quarter of 2012. Changes in foreign currency exchange rates compared with the second quarter of 2012 negatively affected the consolidated net sales comparison by one percentage point.

Net loss for the second quarter of 2013, excluding our joint venture partner's share of start-up costs, decreased 10% to $7.1 million, or $0.21 per diluted share, including restructuring charges of approximately $1.7 million, or $0.05 per diluted share, net of tax, compared to a net loss of $7.9 million, or $0.23 per diluted share, for the second quarter of 2012.

We paid a quarterly cash dividend of $0.22 per share, or $7.6 million, in the second quarter of 2013.

The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the percentage relationship to net sales of specified items in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations:

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