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HDSN > SEC Filings for HDSN > Form 10-Q on 6-Aug-2013All Recent SEC Filings

Show all filings for HUDSON TECHNOLOGIES INC /NY | Request a Trial to NEW EDGAR Online Pro

Form 10-Q for HUDSON TECHNOLOGIES INC /NY


6-Aug-2013

Quarterly Report


Item 2 - Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Certain statements contained in this section and elsewhere in this Form 10-Q constitute "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such forward-looking statements involve a number of known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause the actual results, performance or achievements of the Company to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Such factors include, but are not limited to, changes in the demand and price for refrigerants (including unfavorable market conditions adversely affecting the demand for, and the price of refrigerants), the Company's ability to source CFC and non-CFC based refrigerants, regulatory and economic factors, seasonality, competition, litigation, the nature of supplier or customer arrangements that become available to the Company in the future, adverse weather conditions, possible technological obsolescence of existing products and services, possible reduction in the carrying value of long-lived assets, estimates of the useful life of its assets, potential environmental liability, customer concentration, the ability to obtain financing, and other risks detailed in this report and in the Company's other periodic reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). The words "believe", "expect", "anticipate", "may", "plan", "should" and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date the statement was made.

Critical Accounting Policies

The Company's discussion and analysis of its financial condition and results of operations are based upon its consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these consolidated financial statements requires the Company to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Several of the Company's accounting policies involve significant judgments, uncertainties and estimations. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. To the extent that actual results differ from management's judgments and estimates, there could be a material adverse effect on the Company. On a continuous basis, the Company evaluates its estimates, including, but not limited to, those estimates related to its allowance for doubtful accounts, inventory reserves, and valuation allowance for the deferred tax assets relating to its net operating loss carry forwards ("NOLs") and commitments and contingencies. With respect to accounts receivable, the Company estimates the necessary allowance for doubtful accounts based on both historical and anticipated trends of payment history and the ability of the customer to fulfill its obligations. For inventory, the Company evaluates both current and anticipated sales prices of its products to determine if a write down of inventory to net realizable value is necessary. In determining the Company's valuation allowance for its deferred tax assets, the Company assesses its ability to generate taxable income in the future. The Company utilizes both internal and external sources to evaluate potential current and future liabilities for various commitments and contingencies. In the event that the assumptions or conditions change in the future, the estimates could differ from the original estimates.

Overview

Sales of refrigerants continue to represent a significant portion of the Company's revenues. The Company's refrigerant sales are primarily HCFC and HFC based refrigerants and to a lesser extent CFC based refrigerants that are no longer manufactured. Effective January 1, 1996, the Clean Air Act (the "Act") prohibited the production of virgin CFC refrigerants and limited the production of virgin HCFC refrigerants. Effective January 2004, the Act further limited the production of virgin HCFC refrigerants and federal regulations were enacted which established production and consumption allowances for HCFC refrigerants and which imposed limitations on the importation of certain virgin HCFC refrigerants. Under the Act, production of certain virgin HCFC refrigerants is scheduled to be phased out during the period 2010 through 2020, and production of all virgin HCFC refrigerants is scheduled to be phased out by 2030. Additionally, effective January 1, 2010, the Act further limited the production of virgin HCFC refrigerants, and additional federal regulations were enacted which imposed further limitation and a phase down on the use, production and importation of virgin HCFC refrigerants for the years 2010 through 2014. As a result of litigation, the federal regulations implementing the January 2010 phase down schedule were vacated, and in March 2013, the Environmental Protection Agency ("EPA") published a final rule providing for further reduction in the production of HCFC refrigerants when compared to the reductions established in the January 1, 2010 published rule. The final rule allows for the production or importation of 63 million and 51 million pounds of HCFC-22 in 2013 and 2014, respectively. The Company believes that the production permitted by the final rule has created an oversupply of HCFC-22 during the 2013 cooling season. The Company believes that this oversupply has resulted in a reduction in the market price of HCFC-22. To the extent that the oversupply exceeds the demand for HCFC-22 for the foreseeable future, the Company expects further declines in the market price of HCFC-22, which could result in additional loss of revenues and impairment of the value of its HCFC-22 inventory. Such change in revenues or inventory value could have a material adverse effect on the Company's operating results and financial position.

The EPA has not yet issued a proposed or final rule establishing the total pounds of HCFC-22 that can be produced or imported for the period 2015 through 2019. The Company expects this final rule to have a material impact on the Company's operating results and financial position.

The Company has created and developed a service offering known as RefrigerantSideŽ Services. RefrigerantSideŽ Services are sold to contractors and end-users whose refrigeration systems are used in commercial air conditioning and industrial processing. These services are offered in addition to refrigerant sales and the Company's traditional refrigerant management services, which consist primarily of reclamation of refrigerants. The Company has created a network of service depots that provide a full range of the Company's RefrigerantSideŽ Services to facilitate the growth and development of its service offerings.

The Company focuses its sales and marketing efforts for its RefrigerantSideŽ Services on customers who the Company believes most readily appreciate and understand the value that is provided by its RefrigerantSideŽ Services offering. In pursuing its sales and marketing strategy, the Company offers its RefrigerantSideŽ Services to customers in the following industries:
petrochemical, pharmaceutical, industrial power, manufacturing, commercial facility and property management and maritime. The Company may incur additional expenses as it develops its RefrigerantSideŽ Services offering.

Results of Operations

Three month period ended June 30, 2013 as compared to the three month period ended June 30, 2012

Revenues for the three month period ended June 30, 2013 were $15,768,000, a decrease of $6,483,000 or 29% from the $22,251,000 reported during the comparable 2012 period. The decrease in revenues was primarily attributable to a decrease in refrigerant revenues of $6,656,000 partially offset by an increase in RefrigerantSideŽ Services revenues of $173,000. The decrease in refrigerant revenue is primarily related to a decrease in the number of pounds of certain refrigerants sold when compared to the same period in 2012. The increase in RefrigerantSideŽ Services was attributable to both an increase in the number of jobs completed and an increase in the price of jobs completed when compared to the same period in 2012.

Cost of sales for the three month period ended June 30, 2013 was $13,220,000, an increase of $1,206,000 or 10% from the $12,014,000 reported during the comparable 2012 period. The increase in cost of sales was primarily due to an increase in the cost per pound of refrigerants sold in 2013 when compared to the same period in 2012. As a percentage of sales, cost of sales was 84% of revenues for 2013 compared to 54% for the comparable 2012 period.

Operating expenses for the three month period ended June 30, 2013 were $1,774,000, an increase of $6,000 from the $1,768,000 reported during the comparable 2012 period. The increase in operating expenses are due to an increase in selling expenses of $145,000, primarily due to increased selling payroll costs, offset by a decrease in general and administrative expenses of $139,000, primarily due to a decrease in administrative payroll accruals, when compared to the same period in 2012.

Other income (expense) for the three month period ended June 30, 2013 was ($243,000), compared to the ($186,000) reported during the comparable 2012 period. Other income (expense) includes interest expense of $243,000 and $187,000 for the comparable 2013 and 2012 periods, respectively. The increase in interest expense is due to increased borrowing on the PNC credit facility.

Income tax provision for the three month period ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 was $197,000 and $3,148,000, respectively. The respective income tax provisions were for federal and state income tax at statutory rates.

Net income for the three month period ended June 30, 2013 was $334,000, a decrease of $4,801,000 from the $5,135,000 net income reported during the comparable 2012 period, primarily due to decreased revenues and gross profit, partially offset by decreased income tax expenses.

Six month period ended June 30, 2013 as compared to the six month period ended June 30, 2012

Revenues for the six month period ended June 30, 2013 were $38,645,000, an increase of $1,540,000 or 4% from the $37,105,000 reported during the comparable 2012 period. The increase in revenues was primarily attributable to an increase in refrigerant revenues of $1,492,000 and an increase in RefrigerantSideŽ Services revenues of $48,000. The increase in refrigerant revenue is primarily related to an increase in the selling price per pound of certain refrigerants sold, which accounted for an increase in revenues of $8,610,000, offset in part by a decrease in the number of pounds of certain refrigerants sold, which accounted for a decrease in revenues of $7,118,000. The increase in RefrigerantSideŽ Services was attributable to an increase in the number of jobs completed offset by a decrease in the price of jobs completed when compared to the same period in 2012.

Cost of sales for the six month period ended June 30, 2013 was $26,935,000, an increase of $6,035,000 or 29% from the $20,900,000 reported during the comparable 2012 period. The increase in cost of sales was primarily due to an increase in the cost per pound of refrigerants sold in 2013 when compared to the same period in 2012. As a percentage of sales, cost of sales was 70% of revenues for 2013 compared to 56% for the comparable 2012 period.

Operating expenses for the six month period ended June 30, 2013 were $3,531,000, an increase of $13,000 from the $3,518,000 reported during the comparable 2012 period. The increase in operating expenses are due to an increase in selling expenses of $287,000 primarily due to increased selling payroll costs, offset by a decrease in general and administrative expenses of $274,000 primarily due to a decrease in administrative payroll accruals.

Other income (expense) for the six month period ended June 30, 2013 was ($440,000), compared to the ($357,000) reported during the comparable 2012 period. Other income (expense) includes interest expense of $440,000 and $358,000 for the comparable 2013 and 2012 periods, respectively. The increase in interest expense is due to increased borrowing on the PNC credit facility.

Income tax provision for the six month period ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 was $2,936,000 and $4,686,000, respectively. The respective income tax provisions were for federal and state income tax at statutory rates.

Net income for the six month period ended June 30, 2013 was $4,803,000, a decrease of $2,841,000 from the $7,644,000 net income reported during the comparable 2012 period, primarily due to decreased revenues and gross profit, partially offset by decreased income tax expenses.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

At June 30, 2013, the Company had working capital, which represents current assets less current liabilities, of $33,654,000, an increase of $6,246,000 from the working capital of $27,408,000 at December 31, 2012. The increase in working capital is primarily attributable to net income for the period.

Inventory and trade receivables are principal components of current assets. At June 30, 2013, the Company had inventories of $51,298,000, an increase of $11,131,000 from $40,167,000 at December 31, 2012. The increase in the inventory balance is due to the increased cost of HCFC refrigerants, which are currently being phased down by the EPA, as well as the timing and availability of inventory purchases and the sale of refrigerants. The Company's ability to sell and replace its inventory on a timely basis and the prices at which it can be sold are subject, among other things, to current market conditions and the nature of supplier or customer arrangements and the Company's ability to source CFC based refrigerants (which are no longer being produced), HCFC refrigerants (which are currently being phased down leading to a full phase out of virgin production), or non-CFC based refrigerants. At June 30, 2013, the Company had trade receivables, net of allowance for doubtful accounts, of $11,866,000, an increase of $9,910,000 from $1,956,000 at December 31, 2012. The Company's trade receivables are concentrated with various wholesalers, brokers, contractors and end-users within the refrigeration industry that are primarily located in the continental United States.

The Company has historically financed its working capital requirements through cash flows from operations, the issuance of debt and equity securities, and bank borrowings.

Net cash used by operating activities for the six month period ended June 30, 2013, was $13,830,000 compared with net cash used by operating activities of $3,537,000 for the comparable 2012 period. Net cash used by operating activities for the 2013 period was primarily attributable to increases in inventory and accounts receivable, offset by net income and an increase in accounts payable.

Net cash used by investing activities for the six month period ended June 30, 2013, was $540,000 compared with net cash used by investing activities of $556,000 for the comparable 2012 period. The net cash used by investing activities for the 2013 period was primarily related to investment in general purpose equipment for the Company's Champaign, Illinois facility.

Net cash provided by financing activities for the six month period ended June 30, 2013, was $12,753,000 compared with net cash provided by financing activities of $4,143,000 for the comparable 2012 period. The net cash provided by financing activities for the 2013 period was primarily due to an increase in short term borrowing and, to a lesser extent, the issuance of common stock upon the exercise of employee stock options.

At June 30, 2013, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of $2,374,000. The Company continues to assess its capital expenditure needs. The Company may, to the extent necessary, continue to utilize its cash balances to purchase equipment primarily for its operations. The Company estimates that the total capital expenditures for 2013 will be approximately $2,500,000.

The following is a summary of the Company's significant contractual cash obligations for the periods indicated that existed as of June 30, 2013 (in 000's):

                                                                                                 Six Month Period Ended June 30,
                                                                                                             2018 &
Long and short term debt and capital lease obligations:       2014        2015      2016      2017       Thereafter        Total
Principal                                                 $ 24,475     $ 4,296     $ 282     $ 246     $          0     $ 29,299
Estimated interest (1) (2)                                     742         732        16         4                0        1,494
Operating leases                                               736         462       298       127              127        1,750

Total contractual cash obligations                        $ 25,953     $ 5,490     $ 596     $ 377     $        127     $ 32,543

(1) The estimated interest payments on revolving debt are based on the interest rates in effect and the outstanding revolving debt obligation as of June 30, 2013 through the expiration of the PNC Facility on June 22, 2015.

(2) The estimated future interest payments on all debt other than revolving debt are based on the respective interest rates applied to the declining principal balances on each of the notes.

On June 22, 2012, a subsidiary of Hudson entered into the PNC Facility. Under the terms of the PNC Facility, Hudson could initially borrow up to $27,000,000 consisting of a term loan in the principal amount of $4,000,000 and revolving loans in a maximum amount up to the lesser of $23,000,000 and a borrowing base that is calculated based on the outstanding amount of Hudson's eligible receivables and eligible inventory, as described in the PNC Facility. On February 15, 2013, the PNC Facility was amended. As a result of this amendment, Hudson may borrow up to a maximum of $40,000,000 consisting of a term loan in the principal amount of $4,000,000 and revolving loans in a maximum amount up to $36,000,000. Amounts borrowed under the PNC Facility may be used by Hudson for working capital needs and to reimburse drawings under letters of credit. At June 30, 2013, total borrowings under the PNC Facility were $28,187,000, and there was $7,179,000 available to borrow under the revolving line of credit. The effective interest rate under the PNC Facility was 2.5% at June 30, 2013.

Interest on loans under the PNC Facility is payable in arrears on the first day of each month with respect to loans bearing interest at the domestic rate (as set forth in the PNC Facility) and at the end of each interest period with respect to loans bearing interest at the Eurodollar rate (as set forth in the PNC Facility) or, for Eurodollar rate loans with an interest period in excess of three months, at the earlier of (a) each three months from the commencement of such Eurodollar rate loan or (b) the end of the interest period. Interest charges with respect to loans are computed on the actual principal amount of loans outstanding during the month at a rate per annum equal to (A) with respect to domestic rate loans, the sum of (i) a rate per annum equal to the higher of
(1) the base commercial lending rate of PNC, (2) the federal funds open rate plus .5% and (3) the daily LIBOR plus 1%, plus (ii) .5% and (B) with respect to Eurodollar rate loans, the sum of the Eurodollar rate plus 2.25%.

Hudson granted to PNC, for itself, and as agent for such other lenders as thereafter may become a lender under the PNC Facility, a security interest in Hudson's receivables, intellectual property, general intangibles, inventory and certain other assets.

The PNC Facility contains certain financial and non-financial covenants relating to Hudson, including limitations on Hudson's ability to pay dividends on common stock or preferred stock, and also includes certain events of default, including payment defaults, breaches of representations and warranties, covenant defaults, cross-defaults to other obligations, events of bankruptcy and insolvency, certain ERISA events, judgments in excess of specified amounts, impairments to guarantees and a change of control.

The commitments under the PNC Facility will expire and the full outstanding principal amount of the loans, together with accrued and unpaid interest, are due and payable in full on June 22, 2015, unless the commitments are terminated and the outstanding principal amount of the loans are accelerated sooner following an event of default.

The PNC Facility contains a financial covenant to maintain at all times a Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio of not less than 1.10 to 1.00, tested quarterly on a rolling twelve month basis. Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio is defined in the PNC Facility, with respect to any fiscal period, the ratio of (a) EBITDA of Hudson for such period, minus unfinanced capital expenditures (as defined in the PNC Facility) made by Hudson during such period, minus the aggregate amount of cash taxes paid by Hudson during such period, minus the aggregate amount of dividends and distributions made by Hudson during such period, minus the aggregate amount of payments made with cash by Hudson to satisfy soil sampling and reclamation related to environmental clean'up at the Company's former Hillburn, NY facility during such period (to the extent not already included in the calculation of EBITDA as determined by the Agent) to (b) the aggregate amount of all principal payments due and/or made, except principal payments related to outstanding revolving advances with regard to all funded debt (as defined in the PNC Facility) of Hudson during such period, plus the aggregate interest expense of Hudson during such period. EBITDA as defined in the PNC Facility shall mean for any period the sum of (i) earnings before interest and taxes for such period plus (ii) depreciation expenses for such period, plus (iii) amortization expenses for such period, plus (iv) non-cash charges. As of June 30, 2013, the Company was in compliance with all covenants in the PNC Facility. The Company's ability to comply with these covenants in future quarters may be affected by events beyond the Company's control, including general economic conditions and refrigerant pricing.. See "Overview" above.

On July 7, 2010, the Company sold 2,737,500 units, with the aggregate units consisting of 2,737,500 shares of the Company's common stock and warrants to purchase 1,368,750 shares, at a price of $2.00 per unit pursuant to the Company's shelf registration and received net proceeds of approximately $4,900,000 ("2010 Offering"). The warrants issued as part of the 2010 Offering have an exercise price of $2.60 per share and were initially exercisable for a five-year period. Effective as of March 4, 2011, the Company repurchased warrants to purchase 150,000 shares of the Company's common stock, at a price of $0.60 per warrant. In March 2011 the expiration date of the remaining warrants was extended to July 7, 2016. The value of the aggregate number of warrants issued pursuant to the 2010 Offering was approximately $1,300,000 and such amount was charged as a component of stockholders' equity to additional paid in capital. In March 2012, warrants to purchase 50,000 shares of the Company's common stock were exercised on a "net exercise" basis and the Company issued 7,349 shares of common stock in exchange for the warrants surrendered. As a result of the repurchase, and the exercise of 50,000 warrants, there are 1,168,750 warrants outstanding.

On June 1, 2012, the Company entered into a mortgage note with Busey Bank for $855,000. The note bears interest at the fixed rate of 4% per annum, amortizing over 60 months and maturing on June 1, 2017. The mortgage note is secured by the Company's land and building located in Champaign, Illinois. As of June 30, 2013, the outstanding principal balance of this mortgage note was $685,000.

The Company believes that it will be able to satisfy its working capital requirements for the foreseeable future from anticipated cash flows from operations and available funds under the PNC Facility. Any unanticipated expenses, including, but not limited to, an increase in the cost of refrigerants purchased by the Company, an increase in operating expenses or failure to achieve expected revenues from the Company's RefrigerantSideŽ Services and/or refrigerant sales or additional expansion or acquisition costs that may arise in the future would adversely affect the Company's future capital needs. There can be no assurance that the Company's proposed or future plans will be successful, and as such, the Company may require additional capital sooner than anticipated, which capital may not be available.

Inflation

Inflation has not historically had a material impact on the Company's operations.

Reliance on Suppliers and Customers

The Company participates in an industry that is highly regulated, changes in which could affect operating results. Currently the Company purchases virgin, hydrochlorofluorocarbon ("HCFC") and hydrofluorocarbon ("HFC") refrigerants and reclaimable, primarily HCFC and chlorofluorocarbon ("CFC"), refrigerants from suppliers and its customers. To the extent that the Company is unable to source sufficient quantities of refrigerants or is unable to obtain refrigerants on commercially reasonable terms or experiences a decline in demand and/or price for refrigerants sold by it, the Company could realize reductions in revenue from refrigerant sales, which could have a material adverse effect on the Company's operating results and financial position.

For the six month period ended June 30, 2013, two customers each accounted for 10% or more of the Company's revenues and in the aggregate these two customers accounted for 29% of the Company's revenues. At June 30, 2013, there were $1,800,000 in outstanding receivables from these customers. For the six month period ended June 30, 2012, three customers each accounted for 10% or more of the Company's revenues and in the aggregate these three customers accounted for 40% of the Company's revenues. At June 30, 2012, there were $3,300,000 in outstanding receivables from these customers.

The loss of a principal customer or a decline in the economic prospects of and/or a reduction in purchases of the Company's products or services by any such customer could have a material adverse effect on the Company's operating results and financial position.

Seasonality and Weather Conditions and Fluctuations in Operating Results

The Company's operating results vary from period to period as a result of weather conditions, requirements of potential customers, non-recurring refrigerant and service sales, availability and price of refrigerant products (virgin or reclaimable), changes in reclamation technology and regulations, timing in introduction and/or retrofit or replacement of CFC and non CFC based refrigeration equipment, the rate of expansion of the Company's operations, and by other factors. The Company's business is seasonal in nature with peak sales of refrigerants occurring in the first half of each year. During past years, the seasonal decrease in sales of refrigerants has resulted in losses particularly in the fourth quarter of the year. During the second quarter of 2013, cool spring weather negatively impacted the demand for refrigerants and resulted in reductions in the Company's refrigerant revenues, which adversely affected the Company's results of operations. Delays or inability in securing adequate supplies of refrigerants at peak demand periods, lack of refrigerant demand, increased expenses, declining refrigerant prices and a loss of a principal customer could result in significant losses. There can be no assurance that the foregoing factors will not occur and result in a material adverse effect on the Company's financial position and significant losses. The Company believes that to a lesser extent there is a similar seasonal element to RefrigerantSideŽ . . .

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