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CEMP > SEC Filings for CEMP > Form 10-Q on 31-Jul-2013All Recent SEC Filings

Show all filings for CEMPRA, INC.

Form 10-Q for CEMPRA, INC.


Quarterly Report

Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation

The interim financial statements and this Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2012, and the related Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, both of which are contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012. In addition to historical information, this discussion and analysis contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties, including those set forth under "Part I. Item 1. Business - Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012, and elsewhere in this report, that could cause actual results to differ materially from historical results or anticipated results.


We are a clinical-stage pharmaceutical company focused on developing antibiotics to meet critical medical needs in the treatment of bacterial infectious diseases, particularly respiratory tract infections and chronic and acute staphylococcal infections. Our lead program, solithromycin, which we are developing in both oral and IV formulations initially for the treatment of CABP, one of the most serious infections of the respiratory tract, is in a pivotal Phase 3 clinical trial of the oral formulation for the treatment of CABP in a global multi-center double-blinded study. We have also completed a Phase 2 study of solithromycin in uncomplicated gonorrhea. Our second program is Taksta, which we are developing in the U.S. as an oral treatment for prosthetic joint infections caused by S. aureus, including MRSA. We are conducting a Phase 2 trial for Taksta in patients with prosthetic joint infections.

We acquired worldwide rights (exclusive of ASEAN countries) to a library of over 500 macrolide compounds, including solithromycin, from Optimer Pharmaceuticals, Inc. in March 2006. We entered into a long-term supply arrangement with Ercros, S.A. in March 2011, pursuant to which we have the exclusive right to acquire fusidic acid for the production of Taksta. We believe Ercros is one of only two currently known manufacturers that can produce fusidic acid compliant with the purity required for human use.

We have devoted substantially all of our resources to our drug development efforts, including conducting clinical trials of our product candidates, protecting our intellectual property and providing general and administrative support for these operations. We do not have any products approved for sale and have not generated any revenue from product sales. From inception in November 2005 through June 30, 2013, we raised a total of $239.5 million from the issuance of debt, sale of convertible notes, convertible preferred shares, common shares and common stock, including $58.0 million from the sale of common stock in our IPO in February 2012, $25.1 million from the sale of common stock in a private placement in October 2012 and $57.9 million from the sale of common stock in a public offering in June 2013. As more fully discussed below, in May 2013, we licensed rights to solithromycin in Japan to Toyama Chemical Co., Ltd., or Toyama and received a $10.0 million, non refundable, upfront license fee.

We have incurred losses in each year since our inception in November 2005. Our net losses were approximately $9.5 million and $4.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2012 and June 30, 2013, respectively, and $13.0 million and $14.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and June 30, 2013, respectively. As of June 30, 2013, we had an accumulated deficit of approximately $135.8 million. Substantially all of our operating losses resulted from costs incurred in connection with our development programs and from general and administrative costs associated with our operations.

We expect to continue to incur significant expenses and increasing operating losses for at least the next several years. We anticipate that our expenses will increase substantially as we:

initiate or continue our clinical trials of solithromycin and Taksta and our other product candidates;

seek regulatory approvals for our product candidates that successfully complete clinical trials;

build appropriate manufacturing facilities for the manufacture of, or outsource the manufacture of, any products for which we may obtain regulatory approval;

establish our own sales force, or contract with third parties, for the sales, marketing and distribution of any products for which we obtain regulatory approval;

maintain, expand and protect our intellectual property portfolio;

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continue our other research and development efforts;

hire additional clinical, quality control, scientific and management personnel; and

add operational, financial and management information systems and personnel, including personnel to support our product development and commercialization efforts.

We do not expect to generate product revenue unless and until we successfully complete development and obtain marketing approval for one or more of our product candidates, which we expect will take a number of years and is subject to significant uncertainty. Accordingly, we will need to raise additional capital prior to the commercialization of solithromycin and Taksta or any of our other product candidates. Until such time, if ever, as we can generate substantial product revenue, we expect to finance our operating activities through a combination of equity offerings, debt financings, marketing and distribution arrangements and other collaborations, strategic alliances and licensing arrangements. However, we may be unable to raise additional funds when needed on favorable terms or at all. Our failure to raise capital as and when needed would have a negative impact on our financial condition and our ability to develop our product candidates.

Our Board of Directors approved a 1-for-9.5 reverse stock split of our common and preferred shares on January 12, 2012, which became effective on January 29, 2012. All references to common stock, common shares outstanding, average number of common shares outstanding and per share amounts in our consolidated financial statements and notes to consolidated financial statements have been restated to reflect the 1-for-9.5 reverse stock split on a retroactive basis.

Financial Overview


To date, we have not generated revenue from the sale of any products. All of our revenue to date has been derived from (1) a government contract and (2) the receipt of up-front proceeds under our license agreement withToyama, a portion of which has been recognized in accordance with US GAAP.

In May 2013, we entered into an agreement with the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, or BARDA, for the evaluation and development of solithromycin for the treatment of bacterial infections in pediatric populations and infections caused by bioterror threat pathogens, specifically anthrax and tularemia.

The agreement is a cost plus fixed fee development contract, with a base performance segment valued at approximately $17.7 million, and four option work segments that BARDA may request in its sole discretion pursuant to the agreement. If all four option segments are requested, the cumulative value of the agreement would be approximately $58 million. Three of the options are cost plus fixed fee arrangements and one option is a cost sharing arrangement for which we would be responsible for a designated portion of the costs associated with that work segment. The estimated period of performance for the base performance segment is May 24, 2013 through May 23, 2015. If all option segments are requested, this estimated period of performance would be extended until approximately May 23, 2018.

Under the contract, we are reimbursed and recognize revenue as allowable costs are incurred plus a portion of the fixed-fee earned. We consider fixed-fees under cost reimbursable contracts to be earned in proportion to the allowable costs incurred in performance of the work as compared to total estimated contract costs, with such costs incurred representing a reasonable measurement of the proportional performance of the work completed. Through June 30, 2013, we recognized $0.2 million in revenue under this agreement.

In May 2013, Cempra Pharmaceuticals, Inc., our wholly owned subsidiary, entered into a license agreement with Toyama, whereby we licensed to Toyama the exclusive right, with the right to sublicense, to make, use and sell any product in Japan that incorporates solithromycin as its sole active pharmaceutical ingredient, or API, for human therapeutic uses, other than for ophthalmic indications or any condition, disease or affliction of the ophthalmic tissues. Toyama also has a nonexclusive license in Japan and certain other countries, with the right to sublicense, to manufacture or have manufactured API for solithromycin for use in manufacturing such products, subject to limitations and obligations of the concurrently executed supply agreement discussed below. Toyama has granted us certain rights to intellectual property generated by Toyama under the license agreement with respect to solithromycin or licensed products for use with such products outside Japan or with other solithromycin-based products inside or outside Japan.

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Following execution of the agreement, we received a $10.0 million upfront payment from Toyama. Toyama is also obligated to pay us up to an aggregate of $60.0 million in milestone payments, depending on the achievement of various regulatory, patent, development and commercial milestones. Under the terms of the license agreement, Toyama must also pay us a royalty equal to a low-to-high first double decimal digit percentage of net sales, subject to downward adjustment in certain circumstances. Through June 30, 2013, we recognized $4.3 million in revenue under this agreement.

As part of the license agreement, Toyama and we also entered into a supply agreement, whereby we will be the exclusive supplier (with certain limitations) to Toyama and its sublicensees of API for solithromycin for use in licensed products in Japan, as well as the exclusive supplier to Toyama and its sublicensees of finished forms of solithromycin to be used in its clinical trials in Japan. Pursuant to the supply agreement, Toyama will pay us for such clinical supply of finished product and all supplies of API for solithromycin for any purpose, other than the manufacture of products for commercial sale in Japan, at prices equal to our costs. All API for solithromycin supplied by us to Toyama for use in the manufacture of finished product for commercial sale in Japan will be ordered from us at prices determined by our manufacturing costs, and which may, depending on such costs, equal, exceed, or be less than such costs. Either party may terminate the supply agreement for uncured material breach or insolvency of the other party, with Toyama's right to terminate for our breach subject to certain further conditions in the case of our failure to supply API for solithromycin or clinical supply, but otherwise the supply agreement will continue until the expiration or termination of the license agreement.

In the future, we anticipate generating revenue from a combination of sales of our products, if approved, whether through our own or a third-party sales force, and license fees, milestone payments and royalties in connection with strategic collaborations regarding any of our product candidates. We expect that any revenue we generate will fluctuate from quarter to quarter. If we or our strategic partners fail to complete the development of solithromycin or Taksta in a timely manner or obtain regulatory approval for them, or if we fail to develop our own sales force or find one or more strategic partners for the commercialization of approved products, our ability to generate future revenue, and our financial condition and results of operations would be materially adversely affected.

Research and Development Expenses

Since our inception, we have focused our resources on our research and development activities, including conducting pre-clinical studies and clinical trials, manufacturing development efforts and activities related to regulatory filings for our product candidates. We recognize our research and development expenses as they are incurred. Our research and development expenses consist primarily of:

employee-related expenses, which include salaries, benefits and share compensation expense, for personnel in research and development functions;

fees paid to consultants and clinical research organizations, or CROs, in connection with our clinical trials, and other related clinical trial costs, such as for investigator grants, patient screening, laboratory work and statistical compilation and analysis;

costs related to acquiring and manufacturing clinical trial materials;

costs related to compliance with regulatory requirements;

consulting fees paid to third parties related to non-clinical research and development;

research supplies; and

license fees and milestone payments related to in-licensed technologies.

From inception through June 30, 2013, we have incurred $97.4 million in research and development expenses. We plan to increase our research and development expenses for the foreseeable future as we seek to complete development of solithromycin for CABP and Taksta for prosthetic joint infections and to further advance our other product candidates.

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Our direct research and development expenses consist principally of external costs, such as fees paid to investigators, consultants, central laboratories and CROs in connection with our clinical trials, and related clinical trial fees. Our internal resources, employees and infrastructure are not directly tied to any individual research project and are typically deployed across multiple projects. Through our clinical development programs, we are advancing solithromycin and Taksta in parallel primarily for the treatment of CABP and prosthetic joint infections, respectively, as well as for other indications. Through our pre-clinical development programs, we are seeking to develop macrolide product candidates for non-antibacterial indications.

The following table sets forth costs incurred on a program-specific basis for solithromycin and Taksta, excluding personnel-related costs. Macrolide research includes costs for discovery programs. All employee-related expenses for those employees working in research and development functions are included in "Research and development payroll" in the table, including salary, bonus, employee benefits and share-based compensation. We do not allocate insurance or other indirect costs related to our research and development function to specific product candidates. Those expenses are included in "Indirect research and development expense" in the table.

                                           Three Months Ended June 30,            Six Months Ended June 30,
                                            2012                2013               2012               2013
                                            (Unaudited, in thousands)             (Unaudited, in thousands)
Direct research and development
expense by program:
Solithromycin                           $       6,392       $       4,407      $      7,606       $      10,152
Taksta                                            263                 572               294                 988
Macrolide research                                 18                  27                21                  39
Research and development personnel
cost                                              698               1,183             1,302               2,262

Total direct research and
development expense                             7,371               6,189             9,223              13,441
Indirect research and development
expense                                            53                 138                77                 257

Total research and development
expense                                 $       7,424       $       6,327      $      9,300       $      13,698

The successful development of our clinical and pre-clinical product candidates is highly uncertain. At this time, we cannot reasonably estimate the nature, timing or costs of the efforts that will be necessary to complete the remainder of the development of any of our clinical or pre-clinical product candidates or the period, if any, in which material net cash inflows from these product candidates may commence. This is due to the numerous risks and uncertainties associated with developing drugs, including the uncertainty of:

the scope, rate of progress and expense of our ongoing, as well as any additional clinical trials required and other research and development activities;

future clinical trial results; and

the timing of regulatory approvals.

A change in the outcome of any of these variables with respect to the development of a product candidate could mean a significant change in the costs and timing associated with the development of that product candidate. For example, if the FDA or another regulatory authority were to require us to conduct clinical trials beyond those which we currently anticipate or if we experience significant delays in enrollment in any of our clinical trials, we could be required to expend significant additional financial resources and time on the completion of clinical development.

We are conducting our pivotal trial program for solithromycin, which we believe will require two Phase 3 trials, including one trial with oral solithromycin and one trial with IV solithromycin stepping down to oral solithromycin. Both of these trials will be randomized, double-blinded studies conducted against a comparator drug agreed upon with the FDA, for which we will have to show non-inferiority from an efficacy perspective and

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acceptable safety and tolerability. Using feedback received from the FDA, we began the Phase 3 trial with oral solithromycin in December 2012. We finalized the overall development program for solithromycin for CABP with the FDA at our end of Phase 2 meeting for solithromycin, which occurred in May 2013, and plan to initiate the IV-to-oral trial in the fourth quarter of 2013.

In 2010, we successfully completed a Phase 2 clinical trial with Taksta in ABSSSI patients. In this trial, the Taksta loading dose regimen demonstrated efficacy, safety and tolerability that was comparable to linezolid. Like ABSSSI, prosthetic joint infections are often caused by S. aureus, including MRSA. At this time, however, we do not intend to pursue Taksta as a treatment for ABSSSI. In December 2012, we initiated a Phase 2 trial of Taksta in patients with prosthetic joint infections.

General and Administrative Expenses

General and administrative expenses consist primarily of salaries and related costs, including share-based compensation, for employees in executive, operational, finance and human resources functions. Other significant general and administrative expenses include professional fees for accounting, legal, and information technology services, facilities costs, and expenses associated with obtaining and maintaining patents.

We expect that our general and administrative expenses will increase with the continued development and potential commercialization of our product candidates. We believe that these increases will likely include increased costs related to the hiring of additional personnel and increased fees for outside consultants, lawyers and accountants. We also expect to incur significant costs to comply with corporate governance, internal controls and similar requirements applicable to public companies.

Other Income (Expense), Net

Interest income consists of interest earned on our cash and equivalents as well as decreases in fair value of warrants issued in connection with the note issued to Hercules Technology Growth Capital, Inc. in December 2011, referred to as the December 2011 Note and the warrants issued in connection with the May 31, 2013 amendment to the December 2011 Note. We expect our interest income to increase during 2013 as we have significantly increased our cash position through additional financing activities in 2012 and 2013.

Interest expense consists of interest incurred on the notes issued in August 2011 to various investors and that converted to common stock at the close of our initial public offering, or IPO, in February 2012 and the December 2011 Note as well as increases in fair value of warrants issued in connection with the notes. We expect interest expense to increase during 2013 as we increased our long-term debt balance on the outstanding December 2011 Note in May 2013.

Accretion of Redeemable Preferred Shares

Our redeemable convertible preferred shares were initially recorded on our balance sheet at their cost, less associated issuance costs. The amount reflected on the balance sheet for our convertible preferred shares is increased by periodic accretion so that the amount reflected on the balance sheet will equal the aggregate redemption price at the redemption date.

Yield is cumulative and payable to the holders of preferred shares in advance of any distributions on common shares but only when, if and as declared by our board of directors. The holders of Class C preferred shares earned an annual yield at a rate of 8.0% of the original purchase price since May 13, 2009. Through May 13, 2009, the holders of Class A preferred shares and Class B preferred shares earned an annual yield at a rate of 8.0% of the original purchase price. Yield is recorded through periodic accretions which increase the carrying value of the preferred shares and is charged against additional paid-in capital to the extent available or shareholders' equity (deficit).

Upon completion of our IPO, all of our outstanding preferred shares, including $13.7 million of accrued yield converted into a total of 9,958,502 shares of common stock.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based on our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities in our financial statements. We evaluate our estimates and judgments, including those related to accrued expenses and share-based compensation, on an ongoing basis. We base our estimates on historical experience,

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known trends and events and various other factors that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

For a description of our critical accounting policies and estimates, please refer to the "Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates" section of the "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" section in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012 filed with the SEC on March 7, 2013. The only material changes to our accounting policies since December 31, 2012 are as follows:

Revenue Recognition

The Company's revenue generally consists of research related revenue under federal contracts and licensing revenue related to non-refundable upfront fees, milestone payments and royalties earned under license agreements. Revenue is recognized when the following criteria are met: (1) persuasive evidence that an arrangement exists; (2) delivery of the products and/or services has occurred;
(3) the selling price is fixed or determinable; and (4) collectability is reasonably assured.

For arrangements that involve the delivery of more than one element, each product, service and/or right to use assets is evaluated to determine whether it qualifies as a separate unit of accounting. This determination is based on whether the deliverable has "stand-alone value" to the customer. The consideration that is fixed or determinable is then allocated to each separate unit of accounting based on the relative selling prices of each deliverable. The consideration allocated to each unit of accounting is recognized as the related goods and services are delivered, limited to the consideration that is not contingent upon future deliverables. If the arrangement constitutes a single unit of accounting, the revenue recognition policy must be determined for the entire. Management exercises significant judgment in the determination of whether a deliverable has stand-alone value, is considered to be a separate unit of accounting, and in estimating the relative fair value of each deliverable in the arrangement.

Results of Operations

The following table summarizes the results of our operations for each of
three-month and six-month periods ended June 30, 2012 and 2013, together with
the changes in those items in dollars:

                                          Three Months Ended June 30,                       Six Months Ended June 30,
                                                                  Increase/                                         Increase/
                                     2012           2013         (Decrease)          2012            2013          (Decrease)
                                           (Unaudited, in thousands)                        (Unaudited, in thousands)
Contract research                  $     -        $    232               232       $      -        $     232               232
License                                  -           4,335             4,335              -            4,335             4,335

Total revenue                            -           4,567             4,567              -            4,567             4,567
Operating expenses:
Research and development
expense (1)                           7,424          6,327            (1,097 )         9,300          13,698             4,398
General and administrative
expense (1)                           1,778          2,081               303           2,750           4,729             1,979

Loss from operations                 (9,202 )       (3,841 )           5,361         (12,050 )       (13,859 )          (1,809 )
Other income (expense), net            (327 )         (372 )             (45 )          (628 )          (699 )             (71 )

Net income (loss)                    (9,529 )       (4,213 )           5,316         (12,678 )       (14,558 )          (1,880 )

(1) Includes the following stock-based compensation expenses:

Research and development
expense                            $    155       $    194       $        39       $     221       $     485       $       264
. . .
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