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AETI > SEC Filings for AETI > Form 10-Q on 14-May-2013All Recent SEC Filings

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Quarterly Report


The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included elsewhere in this Form 10-Q and the financial statements included in the 2012 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on March 28, 2013. Historical results and percentage relationships set forth in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and cash flows, including trends that might appear, are not necessarily indicative of future operations or cash flows.


Except for historical and factual information, this document contains "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements include statements that address activities, events or developments that we expect, believe or anticipate will or may occur in the future, such as predictions of future financial performance. All forward-looking statements are based on assumptions made by us based on our experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions, expected future developments and other factors we believe are appropriate under the circumstances.

These statements, including statements regarding our capital needs, business strategy, expectations and intentions, are subject to numerous risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control, including our ability to maintain key products' sales or effectively react to other risks including those discussed in Part I, Item 1A, Risk Factors, of our 2012 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on March 28, 2013. We urge you to consider that statements that use the terms "believe," "do not believe," "anticipate," "expect," "plan," "estimate," "intend" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. No forward-looking statement can be guaranteed, and actual results may differ materially from those projected. We undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

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American Electric Technologies, Inc. (the "Company", "AETI", "our", "us" or "we") was incorporated on October 21, 1996 as a Florida corporation under the name American Access Technologies, Inc. On May 15, 2007, we completed a business combination (the "M&I Merger") with M&I Electric Industries, Inc. ("M&I"), a Texas corporation, and changed our name to American Electric Technologies, Inc. Our principal executive offices are located at 6410 Long Drive, Houston, Texas 77087 and our telephone number is 713-644-8182. Prior to the M&I Merger, our business consisted of the operations of the American Access segment described below.

Our corporate structure currently consists of American Electric Technologies, Inc., which owns 100% of both M&I Electric Industries, Inc. and American Access Technologies, Inc. ("AAT"). The Company reports financial data for three operating segments: the Technical Products and Services ("TP&S") segment and the Electrical and Instrumentation Construction ("E&I") segment; which together encompass the operations of M&I, including its wholly-owned subsidiary, South Coast Electric Systems, LLC and its interest in international joint ventures' operations in China, Singapore and Brazil; and the American Access segment, which encompasses the operations of our wholly-owned subsidiary, American Access Technologies, Inc., including its Omega Metals division.

Foreign Joint Ventures

We have interests in three joint ventures outside of the U. S. which are accounted for on the equity method:

BOMAY Electric Industries Company, Ltd. ("BOMAY"), in which the Company holds a 40% interest, Baoji Oilfield Machinery Co., Ltd. (a subsidiary of China National Petroleum Corporation) holds a 51% interest, and AA Energies, Inc., holds a 9% interest;

M&I Electric Far East, Ltd. ("MIEFE"), in which the Company holds a 41% interest; MIEFE's general manager holds an 8% interest and, Oakwell Engineering, Ltd., of Singapore, holds a 51% interest, and;

AETI Alliance Group do Brazil Sistemas E Servicos Em Energia LTDA. ("AAG"), in which the Company holds a 49% interest and, Beppe Hans Eddy Askerbo, of Brazil, holds a 51% interest.

Domestic Operations

We are a leading provider of power delivery solutions to the global energy industry.

The principal markets and representative customer types that we serve include:

Oil & gas

Upstream which include land and offshore drilling, and offshore production, all primarily related to exploration and production (E&P)

Midstream which includes oil & gas pipelines along with fractionation plants

Downstream which includes refining and petrochemical, as well as Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) plants

Power generation and distribution

Distributed power generation such as remote power stations, and co-generation

Renewable power generation including solar power, geothermal, and biomass

Power distribution including substations

Marine and Industrial

Marine Vessel including Platform Supply Vessels (PSV), Offshore supply vessels (OSV), tankers and other various work boats, tankers

Industrial including non oil & gas industrial markets such as steel, heavy commercial, and other non oil & gas segments

A key component of our company's strategy is our international focus. We have two primary models for conducting our international business. First, we sell directly and through foreign sales agents that we have appointed. Many of those international partners also provide local service and support for our products in those overseas markets. Second, where local market conditions dictate, we have expanded internationally by forming joint venture operations with local companies in key markets such as China, Brazil and Singapore, where there are local content requirements or we need to do local manufacturing.

Our business strategy is to grow through organic growth in our key energy markets, to expand our solution set to our current market segments, to continue our international expansion, and to accelerate those efforts with acquisitions, while at the same time increasing earnings and cash flow per share to enhance overall stockholder value.

We have recently designed and brought to market products for utility level solar energy projects, including solar inversion systems and utility interconnect systems. We also provide installation and commissioning services for these systems.

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We are uniquely positioned to be the "turn-key" supplier for power delivery projects for our customers, where we are able to offer custom-designed power distribution and power conversion systems, power services, and electrical and instrumentation construction, all from one company.

Industry Conditions

Our power distribution products which support the oil and gas industry are capital-intensive and cyclical in nature. The U.S. shale drilling activity and related production continues to favorably impact the demand for our technical products and services. Our products through our joint ventures in China, Singapore and Brazil continue to experience favorable market conditions related to the energy demands in these countries.


Our M&I Electric business has provided sophisticated custom-designed power distribution, power conversion and control and automation systems for the energy industry since 1946. Our products are used to safely distribute and control the flow of electricity from the source of the power being generated (e.g. a diesel generator or the utility grid) to whatever mechanical device needs to use the power (machinery, equipment, etc.) at low, medium and high voltages.

Our power distribution products include low and medium voltage switchgear that provide power distribution and protection for electrical systems from electrical faults for both ANSI ("American National Standards Institute") and IEC ("International Electrotechnical Commission") markets. Other power distribution products offered by us include motor control centers, powerhouses, bus ducts, program logic control ("PLC") based automation systems, human machine interface ("HMI") and specialty panels.

Our Analog, Digital SCR ("silicon controlled rectifier") and Alternating Current Variable Frequency Drive ("AC VFD") systems are electronic power conversion systems that are used to adjust the speed and torque of an electric motor to match various user applications.

Our power distribution and control products are generally custom-designed to our customers' specific requirements, and we do not maintain an inventory of such products.

We have the technical expertise to provide these products in compliance with a number of applicable industry standards such as NEMA ("National Electrical Manufacturers Association") and ANSI or IEC equipment to meet ABS ("American Bureau of Shipping"), USCG ("United States Coast Guard"), Lloyd's Register, a provider of marine certification services, and Det Norske Veritas (a leading certification body/registrar for management systems certification services) standards. These products are generally provided to customers on a worldwide basis.

Our customers for these products are typically large and sophisticated generators and users of electrical power.

Our technical services group provides low, medium and high voltage services to commission and maintain our customers' electrical infrastructures. We provide low, medium and high voltage start-up/commissioning, preventative maintenance, emergency call out services, and breaker and switchgear refurbishment shop services to the Gulf Coast industrial market. We have expanded our services business to provide start-up and maintenance services for renewable projects, including wind and solar. We also provide power services to support our power distribution and power conversion products globally.

On March 8, 2012, the Company acquired the technology of Amnor Technologies, Inc. This technology provides automation and control system technologies for land and offshore drilling monitoring and control (auto-driller); marine automation including ballast control, tank monitoring, and machinery plant control and monitoring systems; Internet Protocol (IP)-based Controlled Circuit TV systems; and vessel management software systems, all proven in multiple installations.


The Electrical and Instrumentation Construction ("E&I") segment provides a full range of electrical and instrumentation construction and installation services to the Company's markets. This segment's services include new construction as well as electrical and instrumentation turnarounds, maintenance and renovation projects. Applications include installation of switchgear, AC and DC motors, drives, motor controls, lighting systems and high voltage cable.

Marine based oil and gas services include complete electrical system rig-ups, modifications, start-ups and testing for vessels, drilling rigs, and production modules. In 2012, the Company announced it was phasing out of the municipal water wastewater construction market, which is expected to be complete in 2013. The Company is focusing its construction efforts on strategic segments including oil & gas; power generation and distribution; and marine and other (non oil & gas) industrial.

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This segment manufactures and markets zone cabling enclosures and custom formed metal products. The zone cabling product line provides state-of-the-art flexible cabling and wireless solutions for the high-speed communication networks found throughout office buildings, hospitals, schools, industrial complexes and government buildings. Our patented enclosures mount in ceilings, walls, raised floors, and certain modular furniture to facilitate the routing of telecommunication network cabling, fiber optics and wireless solutions in a streamlined, flexible, and cost effective fashion. Omega Metals operates a precision sheet metal fabrication and assembly operation and provides services such as precision CNC (Computer Numerical Controlled) punching, laser cutting, bending, assembling, painting, powder coating and silk screening to a diverse client base including, engineering, technology and electronics companies, primarily in the Southeast region of the United States. Representative customers of AAT include Chatsworth Products, Inc., Tyco Electronics and Panduit.


The Company has facilities and sales offices in Texas, Mississippi and Florida. We have minority interests in foreign joint ventures which have facilities in Singapore; Xian, China; and Macae, Rio and Angra, Brazil.


We have adopted various critical accounting policies that govern the application of accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("U.S. GAAP") in the preparation of our condensed consolidated financial statements. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Although these estimates are based on management's knowledge of current events and actions it may undertake in the future, they may ultimately differ from actual results.

Certain accounting policies involve significant estimates and assumptions by us that have a material impact on our financial condition or operating performance. Management believes the following critical accounting policies reflect its most significant estimates and assumptions used in the preparation of our condensed consolidated financial statements. We do not have off-balance sheet arrangements, financings, or other relationships with unconsolidated entities or other persons, also known as "special purpose entities", nor do we have any "variable interest entities".

Inventories - Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market, with material value determined using an average cost method. Inventory costs for finished goods and work-in-process include direct material, direct labor, production overhead and outside services. TP&S and E&I indirect overhead is apportioned to work in process based on direct labor incurred. AAT production overhead, including indirect labor, is allocated to finished goods and work-in-process based on material consumption, which is an estimate that could be subject to change in the near term as additional information is obtained and as our operating environment changes.

Allowance for Obsolete and Slow-Moving Inventory - We regularly review the value of inventory on hand using specific aging categories, and record a provision for obsolete and slow-moving inventory based on historical usage and estimated future usage. As actual future demand or market conditions may vary from those projected, adjustments to our inventory reserve may be required.

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts - The Company maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts for estimated losses resulting from the failure of our customers to make required payments. The estimate is based on management's assessment of the collectability of specific customer accounts and includes consideration for credit worthiness and financial condition of those specific customers. We also review historical experience with the customer, the general economic environment and the aging of our receivables. We record an allowance to reduce receivables to the amount that we reasonably believe to be collectible. Based on our assessment, we believe our allowance for doubtful accounts is adequate.

Revenue Recognition - The Company reports earnings from fixed-price and modified fixed-price long-term contracts on the percentage-of-completion method. Earnings are accrued based on the ratio of costs incurred to total estimated costs. However, for TP&S, we have determined that labor incurred provides an improved measure of percentage-of-completion. Costs include direct material, direct labor, and job related overhead. Losses expected to be incurred on contracts are charged to operations in the period such losses are determined. A contract is considered complete when all costs except insignificant items have been incurred and the facility has been accepted by the customer. Revenue from non-time and material jobs of a short-term nature (typically less than one month) is recognized on the completed-contract method after considering the attributes of such contracts. This method is used because these contracts are typically completed in a short period of time and the financial position and results of operations do not vary materially from those which would result from use of the percentage-of-completion method. The asset, "Work-in-process," which is included in inventories, represents the cost of labor, material, and overhead on jobs accounted for under the completed-contract method. For contracts accounted for under the percentage-of-completion method, the asset, "Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts," represents revenue recognized in excess of amounts billed and the liability, "Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts," represents billings in excess of revenue recognized.

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Foreign Currency Gains and Losses - Foreign currency translations are included as a separate component of comprehensive income. We have determined the local currency of foreign joint ventures to be the functional currency. In accordance with ASC 830, the assets and liabilities of the foreign equity investees, denominated in foreign currency, are translated into United States dollars at exchange rates in effect at the condensed consolidated balance sheet date and revenue and expenses are translated at the average exchange rate for the period. Related translation adjustments are reported as comprehensive income which is a separate component of stockholders' equity, whereas gains and losses resulting from foreign currency transactions are included in results of operations.

Federal Income Taxes - The liability method is used in accounting for federal income taxes. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on differences between financial reporting and tax basis of assets and liabilities and are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws that will be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse. The realizability of deferred tax assets are evaluated annually and a valuation allowance is provided if it is more likely than not that the deferred tax assets will not give rise to future benefits in the Company's tax returns.

Contingencies - We record an estimated loss from a loss contingency when information indicates that it is probable that an asset has been impaired or a liability has been incurred and the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated. Contingencies are often resolved over long time periods, are based on unique facts and circumstances, and are inherently uncertain. We regularly evaluate current information available to us to determine whether such accruals should be adjusted or other disclosures related to contingencies are required. We are a party to a number of legal proceedings in the normal course of our business for which we have made appropriate provisions where we believe an ultimate loss is probable. The ultimate resolution of these matters, individually or in the aggregate, is not likely to have a material impact on the Company's financial position.

Equity Income from Foreign Joint Ventures' Operations - The Company accounts for its investments in foreign joint ventures' operations using the equity method of accounting. Under the equity method, the Company's share of the joint ventures' operations' earnings or loss is recognized in the condensed consolidated statements of operations as equity income (loss) from foreign joint ventures' operations. Joint venture income increases the carrying value of the joint venture investment and joint venture losses, as well as dividends received from the joint ventures, reduce the carrying value of the investment.

Carrying Value of Joint Venture Investments - The Company evaluates the carrying value of these equity method investments as to whether an impairment adjustment may be necessary. In making this evaluation, a variety of quantitative and qualitative factors are considered including national and local economic, political and market conditions, industry trends and prospects, liquidity and capital resources and other pertinent factors.


The following table represents revenue and income (loss) from domestic
operations and equity in foreign joint ventures attributable to the business
segments for the periods indicated (in thousands, except percentages):

                                                           Three Months Ended March 31,
                                                           2013                   2012
Technical Products and Services                        $      10,480          $       9,823
Electrical and Instrumentation Construction                    2,528                  2,992
American Access Technologies                                   1,422                  1,617

                                                       $      14,430          $      14,432

Gross profit:
Technical Products and Services                        $       1,857          $       1,369
Electrical and Instrumentation Construction                      908                    202
American Access Technologies                                     215                    201

                                                       $       2,980          $       1,772

Operating Income (loss) from domestic operations
and net equity in foreign joint ventures'
Technical Products and Services                        $       1,554          $       1,100
Electrical and Instrumentation Construction                      908                    202
American Access Technologies                                     (75 )                 (187 )
Corporate and other unallocated expenses                      (1,785 )               (1,314 )

Income (loss) from domestic operations                           602                   (199 )

Equity income from BOMAY                                       1,001                    698
Equity income /(loss) from MIEFE                                  20                     10
Equity income /(loss) from AAG                                   437                     63
Foreign operations expenses                                      (51 )                 (100 )

Net equity income from foreign joint ventures'
operations                                                     1,407                    671

Income (loss) from domestic operations and net
equity income from foreign joint ventures'
operations                                             $       2,009          $         472

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The Company's management does not separately review and analyze its assets on a segment basis for TP&S, E&I, and AAT and all assets for the segments are recorded within the corporate segment's records. Corporate and other unallocated expenses include compensation costs and other expenses that cannot be meaningfully associated with the individual segments. With the exception of equity income from foreign joint ventures' operations and foreign operations expenses, which are attributable to TP&S, all other costs, expenses and other income have been allocated to their respective segments.

Sales to foreign joint ventures are made on an arm's length basis. See Footnote 5 in Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for detailed financial information on the foreign joint ventures.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

A non-GAAP financial measure is generally defined as one that purports to measure historical or future financial performance, financial position or cash flows, but excludes or includes amounts that would not be so adjusted in the most comparable GAAP measure. In this report, we define and use the non-GAAP financial measure EBITDA as set forth below.


Definition of EBITDA

We define EBITDA as follows:

Net income (loss) before:

provision (benefit) for income taxes;

non-operating (income) expense items;

depreciation and amortization; and

dividends on mandatorily redeemable preferred stock.

Management's Use of EBITDA

We use EBITDA to assess our overall financial and operating performance. We believe this non-GAAP measure, as we have defined it, is helpful in identifying trends in our day-to-day performance because the items excluded have little or no significance on our day-to-day operations. This measure provides an assessment of controllable expenses and affords management the ability to make decisions which are expected to facilitate meeting current financial goals as well as achieving optimal financial performance. It provides an indicator for management to determine if adjustments to current spending decisions are needed.

EBITDA provides us with a measure of financial performance, independent of items that are beyond the control of management in the short-term, such as dividends required on preferred stock, depreciation and amortization, taxation and interest expense associated with our capital structure. This metric measures our financial performance based on operational factors that management can impact in the short-term, namely the cost structure or expenses of the organization. EBITDA is one of the metrics used by senior management and the board of directors to review the financial performance of the business on a regular basis. EBITDA is also used by research analysts and investors to evaluate the performance of and value companies in our industry.

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Limitations of EBITDA

EBITDA has limitations as an analytical tool. It should not be viewed in isolation or as a substitute for GAAP measures of earnings. Material limitations in making the adjustments to our earnings to calculate EBITDA, and using this non-GAAP financial measure as compared to GAAP net income (loss), include:

the cash portion of dividends and interest expense and income tax (benefit) provision generally represent charges (gains), which may significantly affect our financial results; and

depreciation and amortization, though not directly affecting our current cash position, represent the wear and tear and/or reduction in value of our fixed assets and may be indicative of future needs for capital expenditures.

An investor or potential investor may find this item important in evaluating our performance, results of operations and financial position. We use non-GAAP financial measures to supplement our GAAP results in order to provide a more complete understanding of the factors and trends affecting our business.

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