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OEDV > SEC Filings for OEDV > Form 10-Q on 13-May-2013All Recent SEC Filings

Show all filings for OSAGE EXPLORATION & DEVELOPMENT INC | Request a Trial to NEW EDGAR Online Pro

Form 10-Q for OSAGE EXPLORATION & DEVELOPMENT INC


13-May-2013

Quarterly Report


Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

This report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 that include, among others, statements of: expectations, anticipations, beliefs, estimations, projections, and other similar matters that are not historical facts, including such matters as: future capital requirements, development and exploration expenditures (including the amount and nature thereof), drilling of wells, reserve estimates (including estimates of future net revenues associated with such reserves and the present value of such future net revenues), future production of oil and gas, repayment of debt, business strategies, and expansion and growth of business operations. These statements are based on certain assumptions and analyses made by our management in light of past experience and perception of: historical trends, current conditions, expected future developments, and other factors that our management believes are appropriate under the circumstances. We caution the reader that these forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties, including those associated with the financial environment, the regulatory environment, and trend projections, that could cause actual events or results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by the statements. Such risks and uncertainties include those risks and uncertainties identified below. Significant factors that could prevent us from achieving our stated goals include: declines in the market prices for oil and gas, adverse changes in the regulatory environment affecting us, the inherent risks involved in the evaluation of properties targeted for acquisition, our dependence on key personnel, the availability of capital resources at terms acceptable to us, the uncertainty of estimates of proved reserves and future net cash flows, the risk and related cost of replacing produced reserves, the high risk in exploratory drilling and competition. You should consider the cautionary statements contained or referred to in this report in connection with any subsequent written or oral forward-looking statements that may be issued. We undertake no obligation to release publicly any revisions to any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

On April 8, 2008, we entered into a membership interest purchase agreement (the "Purchase Agreement") with Sunstone Corporation ("Sunstone") pursuant to which we acquired from Sunstone 100% of the membership interests in Cimarrona Limited Liability Company, an Oklahoma limited liability company ("Cimarrona LLC"). Cimarrona LLC owns a 9.4% interest in certain oil and gas assets in the Guaduas field, located in the Dindal and Rio Seco Blocks that consist of 21 wells, of which seven are currently producing, that covers 30,665 acres in the Middle Magdalena Valley in Colombia as well as a pipeline with a current capacity of approximately 40,000 barrels of oil per day. The Purchase Agreement was effective as of April 1, 2008. The Cimarrona property is subject to an Ecopetrol Association Contract (the "Association Contract") whereby we pay Ecopetrol S.A. ("Ecopetrol") royalties of 20% of the oil produced. The pipeline is not subject to the Association Contract. The royalty amount for the Cimarrona property is paid in oil. In addition to the royalty, according to the Association Contract, Ecopetrol may, for no consideration, become a 50% partner, once an audit of revenues and expenses indicate that the partners in the Association Contract have received a 200% reimbursement of all historical costs to develop and operate the Guaduas field and their partnership interest may increase thereafter to 70% based on oil production results. We believe Ecopetrol could become a 50% partner in the future, which would effectively reduce our cash flows from oil sales by 50%. In addition, in 2022, the Association Contract with Ecopetrol terminates, at which time we will have no economic interest remaining in this property. The property and the pipeline are both operated by Pacific, which owns 90.6% of the Guaduas field. Pipeline revenues generated from the Cimarrona property primarily relate to transportation costs charged to third party oil producers, including Pacific.

In 2010, we began to acquire oil and gas leases in Logan County, Oklahoma targeting the Mississippian formation. The Mississippian formation is located on the Anadarko Shelf in northern Oklahoma and south-central Kansas. The top of this expansive carbonate hydrocarbon system is encountered between 4,000 and 6,000 feet and lies stratigraphically between the Pennsylvanian-aged Morrow Sand and the Devonian-aged Oily Woodford Shale formations. The Mississippian formation may reach 600 feet in gross thickness and the targeted porosity zone is between 50 and 300 feet thick. The formation's geology is well understood as a result of the thousands of vertical wells drilled and produced there since the 1940s. Beginning in 2007, horizontal drilling and multi-stage hydraulic fracturing treatments have demonstrated the potential for extracting significant additional quantities of oil and natural gas from the formation.

On April 21, 2011, we entered into a participation agreement (the "Participation Agreement") with Slawson Exploration Company ("Slawson") and U.S. Energy Development Corporation ("USE"). Pursuant to the terms of the Participation Agreement, Slawson and USE acquired 45% and 30% respectively, of our 10,000 acre Nemaha Ridge prospect in Logan County, Oklahoma for $4,875,000. In addition, Slawson and USE carried Osage for 7.5% of the cost of the first three horizontal Mississippian wells, such that for the first three horizontal Mississippian wells, the Company provided up to 17.5% of the total well costs. After the first three wells, the Company is responsible for up to 25% of the total well costs. Revenue from wells drilled pursuant to the Participation Agreement, after royalty payments, is allocated 45% to Slawson, 30% to USE and 25% to Osage. Slawson will be the operator of all wells in the Nemaha Ridge prospect in sections where the Parties' acreage controls the section. In sections where the Parties' acreage does not control the section, we may elect to participate in wells operated by others. We are acquiring additional acreage in the Nemaha Ridge prospect and will offer the additional acreage to Slawson and USE, at our cost, subject to their acceptance. The Participation Agreement states that Osage will deliver acreage in the Nemaha Ridge Prospect to the Parties at a net Revenue Interest ("NRI") of 78% unless Osage acquires the acreage at an NRI lower than 78%, in which case, the acreage will be delivered at the NRI acquired by Osage. Where Osage acquires leases with an NRI in excess of 78%, it will retain an overriding royalty interest ("ORRI") equal to the difference between the NRI and 78%. At March 31, 2013, the Company had 7,950 net acres (48,187 gross) leased in Logan County. In December 2011, the Company began drilling its first well in Logan County and at March 31, 2013 the Company had participated, or was participating, in drilling 19 wells, seven of which had achieved production and revenues by March 31, 2013. As of March 31, 2013, the Company had also completed four salt water disposal wells.

In 2011, the Company began to acquire leases in Pawnee County, Oklahoma, targeting the Mississippian formation. In July 2011, we purchased from B&W Exploration, Inc. ("B&W") the Pawnee County prospect targeting the Mississippian, for $8,500. In addition, B&W is also entitled to an overriding royalty interest on the leases acquired and a 12.5% carry on the first $200,000 of lease bonus paid in the form of an assignment of 12.5% of the leases acquired. As of March 31, 2013, the Company had 3,579 net acres (3,925 gross) leased in Pawnee County. As of March 31, 2013, none of these leases have been assigned to B&W.

In 2011, we also began to acquire leases in Coal County, Oklahoma, targeting the Oily Woodford Shale formation. The Woodford Shale formation is located mainly in southeastern Oklahoma in the Arkoma Basin. The Oily Woodford shale lies directly under the Mississippian and started as a vertical play, but horizontal drilling techniques and multi-stage fracturing technology have been used in the Woodford in recent years with much success. At March 31, 2013, we had 4,253 net (9,509 gross) acres leased in Coal County.

At March 31, 2013, we had leased an aggregate of 15,782 net (61,621 gross) acres across three counties in Oklahoma as follows:

            Gross        Osage Net
Logan        48,187           7,950
Pawnee        3,925           3,579
Coal          9,509           4,253
             61,621          15,782

We have accumulated deficits of $8,148,211 (unaudited) at March 31, 2013 and $8,074,786 at December 31, 2012. Substantial portions of the losses are attributable to asset impairment charges, stock-based compensation, professional fees and interest expense. We also had working capital deficits of $1,095,336 and $643,843 as of March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively.

Management of the Company has undertaken steps as part of a plan to improve operations with the goal of sustaining our operations for the next 12 months and beyond. These steps include (a) assigning a portion of our oil and gas leases in Logan County, Oklahoma, (b) participating in drilling of wells in Logan County, Oklahoma within the next 12 months, (c) controlling overhead and expenses and
(d) raising additional equity and/or debt.

On April 17, 2012, we issued a secured promissory note ("Secured Promissory Note") to Boothbay Royalty Co. (Boothbay) for $2,500,000. On April 27, 2012, we entered into a $10,000,000 senior secured note purchase agreement ("Note Purchase Agreement") with Apollo Investment Corporation ("Apollo") and on April 5, 2013 we amended the Note Purchase Agreement, increasing the total facility to $20,000,000 (see Note 5 - Debt, in the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements). We anticipate that we will draw down the full $20,000,000 available to us under the Note Purchase Agreement during the next 12 months to support the drilling in Logan County, as well as the other counties in Oklahoma.

The Company's operating plans require additional funds which may take the form of debt or equity financings. The Company's ability to continue as a going concern is in substantial doubt and is dependent upon achieving profitable operations and obtaining additional financing. There is no assurance additional funds will be available on acceptable terms or at all. In the event we are unable to continue as a going concern, we may elect or be required to seek protection from our creditors by filing a voluntary petition in bankruptcy or may be subject to an involuntary petition in bankruptcy. To date, management has not considered this alternative, nor does management view it as a likely occurrence.

Results of Operations

Three Months ended March 31, 2013 compared to Three Months ended March 31, 2012

Our total revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012 comprised the following:

                                                2013                             2012                            Change
                                      Amount         Percentage        Amount         Percentage        Amount         Percentage
Revenues
Oil sales                           $ 1,703,526             70.2 %   $   873,125             64.4 %   $   830,401             95.1 %
Pipeline sales                          599,192             24.7 %       469,891             34.7 %       129,301             27.5 %
Natural gas sales                       124,033              5.1 %        12,503              0.9 %       111,530            892.0 %
Total revenues                      $ 2,426,751            100.0 %   $ 1,355,519            100.0 %   $ 1,071,232             79.0 %

Oil Sales

Oil Sales were $1,703,526, an increase of $830,401, or 95.1%, for the three months ended March 31, 2013 compared to $873,125 for the three months ended March 31, 2012. Oil sales increased due to an increase in the number of barrels sold partially offset by a reduction in the average price per barrel. In the United States ("US"), we sold 12,115 barrels ("BBLs") at an average price of $89.79 in the 2013 period, compared to 3,154 BBLs at an average price of $99.51 in the 2012 period. In Colombia, we sold 6,000 BBLs at an average price of $106.34 in the 2013 period compared to 5,000 BBLs at an average price of $114.51 in the 2012 period. We began well production in Logan County, Oklahoma, in the first quarter of 2012, which accounted for the majority of the increase in oil sales in the United States as we continue to participate in developing wells in that region.

Pipeline Sales

The Guaduas pipeline connects with the ODC pipeline (the "ODC Pipeline") to transport oil to the port of Covenas in Colombia. Pipeline sales were $599,192, an increase of $129,301, or 27.5% for the three months ended March 31, 2013 compared to $469,891 for the three months ended March 31, 2012, primarily due to an increase in the number of barrels transported. The number of barrels transported was 3.17 million BBLS (our share was approximately 298,000) and 2.45 million BBLs (our share was approximately 234,000) in the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

Natural Gas Sales

Natural gas sales were $124,033 for the three months ended March 31, 2013 compared to $12,503 for the three months ended March 31, 2012, an increase of $111,530, or 892.0%. All of our natural gas sales are from the well production in Logan County, Oklahoma.

Total revenues were $2,426,751, an increase of $1,071,232, or 79.0% for the three months ended March 31, 2013 compared to $1,355,519 for the three months ended March 31, 2012. Oil sales accounted for 70.2% and 64.4% of total revenues in the 2013 and 2012 periods, respectively.

Production



For the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, our production, net of
royalties, was as follows:



                                       2013                               2012                    Increase/(Decrease)
Oil Production:            Net Barrels       % of Total       Net Barrels       % of Total        Barrels          %
United States                    12,160             69.8 %           3,124             46.2 %         9,036        289.2 %
Colombia                          5,267             30.2 %           3,635             53.8 %         1,632         44.9 %
Total                            17,427            100.0 %           6,759            100.0 %        10,668        157.8 %

Natural Gas Production:        Mcf           % of Total           Mcf           % of Total          Mcf            %
United States                    26,568            100.0 %           2,393            100.0 %        24,175       1010.2 %

Oil production, net of royalties, was 17,427 BBLs (21,892 BBLs gross), an increase of 10,688 BBLs, or 157.8% for the three months ended March 31, 2013 compared to 6,759 BBLs (8,617 BBLs gross) for the three months ended March 31, 2012, primarily due to production increases in the U.S. U.S. production accounted for 69.8% and 46.2% of total production for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

Natural gas production, net of royalties, was 26,568 thousand cubic feet ("Mcf") (34,308 Mcf gross) for the three months ended March 31, 2013, an increase of 24,175 Mcf, or 1010.2% over the 2012 period. Gas production began in the first quarter of 2012 in our Logan County properties, and production, net of royalties, for that period was 2,393 Mcf (3,128 Mcf gross).

Operating Costs and Expenses



For the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, our operating costs and
expenses were as follows:



                                                   2013                           2012                          Change
                                                        Percent of                    Percent of
                                          Amount           Sales         Amount          Sales         Amount        Percentage
Operating Expenses
Operating                               $   498,909            20.6 %   $ 304,866            22.5 %   $ 194,043             63.6 %
General & administrative                    865,500            35.7 %     438,429            32.3 %     427,071             97.4 %
Equity tax                                   32,964             1.4 %      32,802             2.4 %         162              0.5 %
Depreciation, depletion and accretion       329,237            13.6 %     123,630             9.1 %     205,607            166.3 %
Total operating expenses                $ 1,726,610            71.1 %   $ 899,727            66.4 %   $ 826,883             91.9 %

Operating income                        $   700,141            28.9 %   $ 455,792            33.6 %   $ 244,349             53.6 %

Operating Costs

Our operating costs were $498,909 for the three months ended March 31, 2013 compared to $304,866 for the three months ended March 31, 2012, due primarily to an increase in operating costs in the U.S. as a result of having seven wells in production in Logan County at March 31, 2013. Operating costs as a percentage of total revenues reduced to 20.6% in the 2013 period from 22.5% in 2012 period, as the percentage increase in revenues was much greater than the percentage increase in operating costs as new wells came into production. Operating costs as a percentage of revenues also declined as a result of the increased percentage of U.S. production, to 69.8% in the 2012 period from 46.2% in the 2012 period as average production cost per barrel of oil equivalent ("Production Cost/BOE") in the U.S. for the three months ended March 31, 2013 was $10.99 compared to the average cost in Colombia of $34.71. Our average total Production Cost/BOE for the three months ended March 31, 2013 was $16.71.

General and Administrative Expenses

General and administrative expenses were $865,500 for the three months ended March 31, 2013, an increase of $427,071 or 97.4%, compared to $438,429 for the three months ended March 31, 2012. As a percent of total revenues, general and administrative expenses increased to 35.7% in the 2013 period from 32.3% in the 2012 period. The increase of $427,071 was primarily due to an increase in stock based compensation of $362,250. The increase in stock based compensation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2013 related to the issuance of more shares in the current period than in the prior year period. Stock based compensation for the three months ended March 31, 2013 was $378,750, compared to $16,500 in the three months ended March 31, 2012.

Equity Tax

Equity tax was $32,964 for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and $32,802 for the three months ended March 31, 2012. Division de Impuestos y Actuanas Nacionales ("DIAN"), the Colombian tax authorities, levies a tax based on the equity value of Cimarrona LLC.

Depreciation, depletion and accretion

Depreciation, depletion and accretion were $329,237 for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and $123,630 for the three months ended March 31, 2012, an increase of $205,607 or 166.3%. Our depletion expense will continue to increase to the extent we are successful in our well production in Oklahoma.

Operating Income

Operating income was $700,141 for the three months ended March 31, 2013 compared to $455,792 for the three months ended March 31, 2012. The improvement in operating income is as a result of revenue growth of $1,071,232 which exceeded operating expense growth of $826,883.

Interest Expense

Interest expense was $773,754 for the three months ended March 31, 2013 compared to $606 for the three months ended March 31, 2012, an increase of $773,148. The increase in interest expense during the 2013 period was primarily due to deferred financing fees amortization, interest expense, standby fees and debt discount amortization in connection with the Note Purchase Agreement and Secured Promissory Note. In the three months ended March 31, 2013, cash interest expense amounted to $416,026. The remaining non-cash interest expense of $357,728 consisted primarily of deferred financing fees of $314,462 and debt discount amortization of $43,265.

Provision for Income Taxes

Provision for income taxes was zero for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012. Due to a history of operating losses, the Company records a full valuation allowance against its net deferred tax assets and therefore recorded no tax provision related to its U.S. operations for the current period.

Net Income / (Loss)

Net loss was $73,425 for the three months ended March 31, 2013 compared to net income of $456,026 for the three months ended March 31, 2013. The $529,451 reduction was as a result of increased interest expense in the current period, partially offset by an improvement in operating income.

Foreign Currency Translation Gain / (Loss)

Foreign currency translation gain was $23,563 for the three months ended March 31, 2013 compared to a foreign currency translation loss of $3,664 for the three months ended March 31, 2012. The Colombian Peso to Dollar Exchange Rate averaged 1,791 and 1,800 for the three month periods ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively and was 1,825 and 1,765 at March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012.

Comprehensive Income / (Loss)

Comprehensive loss was $49,862 for the three months ended March 31, 2013 compared to comprehensive income of $452,362 for the three months ended March 31, 2012. The $502,224 reduction was as a result of the $529,451 reduction in net income to a net loss in the current period compared to the prior year period, partially offset by the foreign currency translation gain in the three months ended March 31, 2013 compared to a foreign currency loss in the prior year period.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Net cash provided by operating activities totaled $1,918,822 for the three months ended March 31, 2013, compared to $559,174 for the three months ended March 31, 2012. The major components of net cash provided by operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2013 included non-cash activities which consisted of shares issued for services of $378,750, provision for depreciation, depletion and accretion of $329,237, amortization of deferred financing costs of $314,462 and amortization of debt discount of $43,265. Other components included the $1,912,332 increase in accounts payable due primarily to our Oklahoma operations related to well production and drilling, and partially offset by a decrease of $609,665 in accrued expenses and an increase in accounts receivable of $428,976. Net cash provided by operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2012 totaled $559,174. The major components of the net cash provided by operating activities in 2012 were the $456,026 net income, the $349,735 increase in accounts payable and accrued expenses and the $123,630 provision for depreciation, partially offset by the $340,001 increase in accounts receivable.

Net cash used in investing activities totaled $5,750,036 for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and consisted primarily of investments in oil and gas wells. Net cash used investing activities in 2012 totaled $1,712,067 and consisted primarily of $2,689,623 investment in oil and gas properties, partially offset by $977,556 net proceeds from assignment of leases.

Net cash provided by financing activities totaled $4,336,893 for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and consisted of $4,000,000 proceeds from the Note Purchase Agreement and $367,521 proceeds from a Colombian term loan, partially offset by $30,628 in principal payments on the term loan, Net cash used by financing activities amounted to $100,000 in the three months ended March 31, 2012, consisting entirely of payment of deferred financing costs related to the Apollo Note Purchase Agreement.

Our capital expenditures are directly related to drilling operations and the completion of successful wells. Our level of expenditures in the U.S. is dependent upon successful operations and availability of financing.

Effect of Changes in Prices

Changes in prices during the past few years have been a significant factor in the oil and gas ("O&G") industry. The price received for the oil produced by us fluctuated significantly during the last year. Changes in the price received for our O&G is set by market forces beyond our control as well as governmental intervention. The volatility and uncertainty in O&G prices have made it more difficult for a company like us to increase our O&G asset base and become a significant participant in the O&G industry. We currently sell all of our O&G production to Hocol in Colombia and Slawson, Devon, and Stephens in the U.S. However, in the event these customers discontinued O&G purchases, we believe we can replace these customers with other customers who would purchase the oil at terms standard in the industry. We are subject to changes in the price of oil and exchange rates of the Colombian Peso, which are out of our control. In our Logan county properties, we sold oil and gas at prices ranging from $86.49 to $93.75 per barrel and $3.51 to $6.52 per Mcf in the three months ended March 31, 2012. In our Osage properties we sold oil at prices ranging from $99.51 to $105.22 in the three months ended March 31, 2012. In our Cimarrona property in Colombia, we sold oil at prices ranging from $96.45 to $108.20 per barrel during the three months ended March 31, 2013 compared to $107.65 to $119.00 during the three months ended March 31, 2012. The Colombian Peso to Dollar Exchange Rate averaged approximately 1,791 and 1,800 during the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively. The Colombian Peso to Dollar Exchange Rate was 1,824 and 1,791 at March 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

We have exposure to changes in interest rates as our largest debt facility is tied to the London inter-bank overnight rate ("Libor").

Oil and Gas Properties

We follow the "successful efforts" method of accounting for our O&G exploration and development activities, as set forth in FASB ASC Topic 932 ("ASC 932"). Under this method, we initially capitalize expenditures for O&G property acquisitions until they are either determined to be successful (capable of commercial production) or unsuccessful. The carrying value of all undeveloped O&G properties is evaluated periodically and reduced if such carrying value appears to have been impaired. Leasehold costs relating to successful O&G properties remain capitalized while leasehold costs which have been proven unsuccessful are charged to operations in the period the leasehold costs are proven unsuccessful. Costs of carrying and retaining unproved properties are expensed as incurred. The costs of drilling and equipping development wells are capitalized, whether the wells are successful or unsuccessful. The costs of drilling and equipping exploratory wells are capitalized until they are determined to be either successful or unsuccessful. If the wells are successful, the costs of the wells remain capitalized. If, however, the wells are unsuccessful, the capitalized costs of drilling the wells, net of any salvage value, are expensed in the period the wells are determined to be unsuccessful. We did not record any impairment charges during the nine months ended March 31, 2013 or 2012. The provision for depreciation and depletion of O&G properties is computed on the unit-of-production method. Under this method, we compute the provision by multiplying the total unamortized costs of O&G properties including future development, site restoration, and dismantlement abandonment costs, but excluding costs of unproved properties by an overall rate determined by dividing the physical units of O&G produced during the period by the total estimated . . .

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