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MCRI > SEC Filings for MCRI > Form 10-Q on 8-May-2013All Recent SEC Filings

Show all filings for MONARCH CASINO & RESORT INC | Request a Trial to NEW EDGAR Online Pro



Quarterly Report


Monarch Casino & Resort, Inc., through its direct and indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries, Golden Road Motor Inn, Inc. ("Golden Road"), Monarch Growth Inc. ("Monarch Growth"), Monarch Black Hawk, Inc. ("Monarch Black Hawk"), High Desert Sunshine, Inc. ("High Desert") and Golden North, Inc. ("Golden North"), and Golden East, Inc. ("Golden East") owns and operates the Atlantis Casino Resort Spa, a hotel/casino facility in Reno, Nevada (the "Atlantis"); the Riviera Black Hawk Casino in Black Hawk, Colorado ("Black Hawk"); and real estate proximate to the Atlantis and Riviera Black Hawk.

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Monarch's wholly owned subsidiary Monarch Interactive, Inc. ("Monarch Interactive") received approval from the Nevada Gaming Commission on August 23, 2012, which approval was extended on February 26, 2013 for six months pending commencement of operations, for a license as an operator of interactive gaming. Before the license can be issued, a number of conditions must be met, within six months of the February 26, 2013 approval, and before operations can commence, the Company must enter into contracts with a licensed interactive gaming service provider with an approved system. None of these conditions have occurred, and Monarch Interactive is not currently engaged in any operating activities. In Nevada, legal interactive gaming is currently limited to intrastate poker.

Unless otherwise indicated, "Monarch," "Company," "we," "our" and "us" refer to Monarch Casino & Resort, Inc. and its subsidiaries.


Our operating results may be affected by, among other things, competitive factors, gaming tax increases, the commencement of new gaming operations, construction at our facilities, general public sentiment regarding travel, overall economic conditions and governmental policies affecting the disposable income of our patrons and weather conditions affecting our properties.

The following significant factors and trends should be considered in analyzing our operating performance:

Atlantis: As in many other areas around the country, the impacts of the economic decline in Reno that began in the fourth quarter of 2007 continue to be felt in the first quarter of 2013. Aggressive marketing programs by our competitors have also posed challenges to us during that time. Furthermore, based on statistics released by the Nevada Gaming Control Board, the Reno gaming revenue market has shrunk in the aggregate. Despite those negative factors, revenue in our food and beverage, hotel and other operating departments increased compared to the same quarter of 2012, however casino revenue decreased slightly from the prior year quarter. We anticipate that the ongoing macroeconomic decline nationally and in the Reno market, combined with aggressive marketing programs of our competitors, will continue to apply downward pressure on Atlantis revenue.

Riviera Black Hawk: Since the acquisition of Riviera Black Hawk, Inc. in April 2012, our focus has been to maximize casino and food and beverage revenues. There is currently no hotel on the property. We have evaluated all aspects of operations and have implemented certain operational changes which we believe will enhance the guest experience and have reduced costs. We are in the process of completely redesigning and upgrading the existing Black Hawk facility and received zoning approval on April 10, 2013 for our expansion plans, subject to certain conditions, from the Black Hawk City Council. The approved master plan nearly doubles the existing casino space and converts the facility into a full-scale, high end, resort through the addition of a 335 foot hotel tower with 507 guest rooms and suites, a resort quality spa and pool facility, four restaurants, additional bars, associated support facilities and a new ten story parking structure that, together with existing parking, provides 1,551 parking spaces.


We seek to continuously upgrade and maintain our facilities in order to present a fresh, high quality product to our guests.

Capital expenditures totaled approximately $2.4 million and $1.4 million for the three month periods ended March 31, 2013 and 2012. During the three month periods ended March 31, 2013, our capital expenditures related primarily to the redesign and upgrade of the Black Hawk facility as well as acquisition of gaming equipment to upgrade and replace existing equipment. The prior year capital expenditures related primarily to purchases of gaming equipment and continued renovation and other general upgrades to the Atlantis facility.

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When used in this report and elsewhere by management from time to time, the words "believes", "anticipates" and "expects" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements with respect to our financial condition, results of operations and our business including our expansion, development activities, legal proceedings and employee matters. Certain important factors, including but not limited to, competition from other gaming operations, factors affecting our ability to compete, acquisitions of gaming properties, integration of our new property once acquired, leverage, construction risks, the inherent uncertainty and costs associated with litigation and governmental and regulatory investigations, and licensing and other regulatory risks, could cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed in our forward-looking statements. Further information on potential factors which could affect our financial condition, results of operations and business including, without limitation, our expansion, development activities, legal proceedings and employee matters are included in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date thereof. We undertake no obligation to publicly release any revisions to such forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof.


Comparison of Operating Results for the Three-Month Periods Ended March 31, 2013 and 2012

For the three months ended March 31, 2013, our net income totaled $4.3 million, or $0.26 per diluted share, an increase in net income of $2.6 million, or $0.16 per diluted share, reflecting a 160.0% increase in both net income and diluted earnings per share. Revenues totaled $47.6 million in the current quarter, an increase of $12.8 million over the 2012 first quarter. Income from operations for the three months ended March 31, 2013 totaled $7.2 million compared to $2.9 million for the same period in 2012.

Atlantis Operations:

Casino revenues decreased 1.2% in the first quarter of 2013 compared to the first quarter of 2012 Casino operating expenses amounted to 38.6% of casino revenues in the first quarter of 2013, compared to 39.9% in the first quarter of 2012. The improvement in casino operating expenses as a percentage of casino revenues was primarily due to a 5.8% decrease in casino complimentary expense.

Food and beverage revenues for the first quarter of 2013 increased 3.0% over the first quarter of 2012, due to a 3% increase in total covers served with stable average revenue per cover. Food and beverage operating expenses as a percent of total revenue of 44.9% were consistent with the prior year period where costs totaled 44.6% of food and beverage revenues.

Hotel revenues grew 21.6% in the first quarter of 2013, compared to the 2012 first quarter due to improvements in both occupancy and average daily room rate ("ADR"). Our hotel occupancy improved to 84.9% during the first quarter of 2013 compared to 81.4% during the same period in 2012 while ADR increased 16.9% to $77.27 during the current quarter versus $66.09 in the prior year quarter. Revenue per Available Room ("REVPAR"), calculated by dividing total room revenue (less service charges, if any) by total rooms available was $71.60 and $58.24 for the three month periods ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively. Hotel operating expenses as a percent of hotel revenues improved to 26.4% for the first quarter of 2013 from 29.6% for the first quarter of 2012 due primarily to growth in hotel revenue.

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Promotional allowances as a percentage of gross revenues decreased to 18.6% during the first quarter of 2013 compared to 18.0% in the comparable 2012 quarter.

Other revenues increased 9.0% in the first quarter of 2013 compared to the first quarter of 2012.

Riviera Black Hawk Operations:

We acquired the Riviera Black Hawk on April 26, 2012, and therefore, no information is given for the quarter ended March 31, 2012. The amounts of net revenue and operating income of Riviera Black Hawk included in the Company's consolidated statement of income, after elimination of intercompany transactions, for the quarter ended March 31, 2013 are as follows:

Amounts in millions

Net revenues             $ 11.6
Income from operations      2.8
Net income                  1.4

Corporate and Other Expenses:

Selling, General and Administrative ("SG&A") expense increased to $14.0 million in the first quarter of 2013 from $11.7 million in the first quarter of 2012 attributable primarily due to the inclusion of Black Hawk SG&A of $2.5 million offset by lower marketing and utilities expenses. As a percentage of net revenue, SG&A expenses declined to 29.3% in the first quarter of 2013 from 33.5% in the same period in 2012 as a result of growth in revenues.

Depreciation and amortization expense increased to $4.6 million in the first quarter of 2013 from $3.4 million in the 2012 first quarter due to the inclusion of $1.2 million of depreciation and amortization related to the Black Hawk acquired assets.

During the quarter, the Company paid down the principal balance on its credit facility by $9.3 million, which decreased the outstanding balance of the credit facility to $71.8 million at March 31, 2013 from $81.1 million at December 31, 2012. Interest expense increased to $0.6 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2012 from $0.3 million in the prior year's first quarter due to higher average loan balances in the current year quarter compared to the prior year quarter.


For the three months ended March 31, 2013, net cash provided by operating activities totaled $11.9 million, an increase of approximately $7.1 million or 150.4% compared to the same period last year due primarily to increased net income from the addition of the Black Hawk property. Also contributing to the improvement in operating cash flow were increases in income taxes and accounts payable as well a decrease in account receivable.

Net cash used in investing activities totaled $2.4 million for the current quarter compared to $1.4 million for the prior year period. The current period investing activities reflects our continued investment in gaming equipment and facilities upgrades for both the Atlantis and Black Hawk properties while the prior period cash used for investing activities related to gaming equipment and upgrades of the Atlantis property.

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We used $9.3 million and $5.7 million of cash in financing activities during the three months ended March 31, 2013 and March 31, 2012, respectively, to repay borrowings under our New Credit Facility.

The Company has a $100.0 million credit facility available ("New Credit Facility") of which $71.8 million was drawn at March 31, 2013. The proceeds from the New Credit Facility were utilized by the Company to finance the acquisition of Black Hawk, Inc. and may also be used for working capital needs, general corporate purposes and for ongoing capital expenditure requirements. The company had $28.2 million available on the New Credit Facility as of March 31, 2013.

The maximum principal available under the New Credit Facility is reduced by 1.5% per quarter beginning July 1, 2013. The Company may permanently reduce the maximum principal available at any time so long as the amount of such reduction is at least $0.5 million and a multiple of $50,000. Maturities of the Company's borrowings for each of the next three years and thereafter as of March 31, 2013 are as follows:

Amounts in thousands

Year          Maturities
2013         $          -
2014                    -
2015                    -
Thereafter         71,800
             $     71,800

The maturity date of the New Credit Facility is November 15, 2016. Borrowings are secured by liens on substantially all of the real and personal property of Monarch.

The Company may prepay borrowings under the New Credit Facility without penalty (subject to certain charges applicable to the prepayment of LIBOR borrowings prior to the end of the applicable interest period). Amounts prepaid may be reborrowed so long as the total borrowings outstanding do not exceed the maximum principal available.

The New Credit Facility contains customary covenants for a facility of this nature, including, but not limited to, covenants requiring the preservation and maintenance of the Company's assets and covenants restricting our ability to merge, transfer ownership of Monarch, incur additional indebtedness, encumber assets and make certain investments. Management does not consider the covenants to restrict normal functioning of day-to-day operations.


A driveway was completed and opened on September 30, 2004, that is being shared between the Atlantis and a shopping center (the "Shopping Center") directly adjacent to the Atlantis. The Shopping Center is controlled by an entity whose owners include our controlling stockholders. As part of this project, in January 2004, we leased a 37,368 square-foot corner section of the Shopping Center for a minimum lease term of 15 years at an annual rent of $300,000, subject to increase every year beginning in the 61st month based on the Consumer Price Index. We also use part of the common area of the Shopping Center and pay our proportional share of the common area expense of the Shopping Center. We have the option to renew the lease for three individual five-year terms, and at the end of the extension periods, we have the option to purchase the leased section of the Shopping Center at a price to be determined based on an MAI Appraisal. The leased space is being used by us for pedestrian and vehicle access to the Atlantis, and we may use a portion of the parking spaces at the Shopping Center. The total cost of the project was $2.0 million; we were responsible for two thirds of the total cost, or $1.35 million.

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The cost of the new driveway is being depreciated over the initial 15-year lease term; some components of the new driveway are being depreciated over a shorter period of time. We paid approximately $85,200 in lease payments for the leased driveway space at the Shopping Center during the three months ended March 31, 2013.


A description of our critical accounting policies and estimates can be found in Item 7 - "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" of our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012 ("2012 Form 10-K"). For a more extensive discussion of our accounting policies, see Note 1, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in our 2012 Form 10-K filed on March 15, 2013.


The economies in northern Nevada, the Denver metropolitan area, and our feeder markets, like many other areas around the country, are experiencing the effects of several negative macroeconomic trends, including a broad economic recession, higher home mortgage defaults and declining residential real estate values. These negative trends could adversely impact discretionary incomes of our target customers, which, in turn has and is expected to continue to adversely impact our business. We believe that as recessionary pressures increase or continue for an extended period of time, target customers may further curtail discretionary spending for leisure activities and businesses may reduce spending for conventions and meetings, both of which would adversely impact our business. Management continues to monitor these trends and intends, as appropriate, to adopt operating strategies to attempt to mitigate the effects of such adverse conditions. We can make no assurances that such strategies will be effective.

The expansion of Native American casinos in California has had an impact on casino revenues in Nevada in general, and many analysts have continued to predict the impact will be more significant on the Reno-Lake Tahoe market. If other Reno-area casinos continue to suffer business losses due to increased pressure from California Native American casinos, such casinos may intensify their marketing efforts to northern Nevada residents as well, greatly increasing competitive activities for our local customers.

Higher fuel costs may deter California, Denver area, and other drive-in customers from coming to the Atlantis or the Riviera Black Hawk Casino.

We also believe that unlimited land-based casino gaming in or near any major metropolitan area in the Atlantis' key feeder market areas, such as San Francisco or Sacramento, or in other areas near Denver, Colorado, the Black Hawk key feeder markets, could have a material adverse effect on our business.


Our contractual cash obligations as of March 31, 2013 and the next five years and thereafter are as follows:

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Amounts in thousands

                                                   Payments Due by Period (4)
                                              less than      1 to 3       4 to 5      more than
                                  Total        1 year         years       years        5 years
Operating Leases (1)             $  2,462    $       416    $     751    $    740    $       555
Borrowings Under Credit
Facility (2)                       71,800              -            -      71,800              -

Purchase Obligations (3)            6,613          6,613            -           -              -

Total Contractual Cash
Obligations                      $ 80,875    $     7,029    $     751    $ 72,540    $       555

(1) Operating leases include leased storage, driveway usage and common area expense payments for the shopping center adjacent to the Atlantis.

(2) The amount represents outstanding draws against the New Credit Facility as of March 31, 2013.

(3) Purchase obligations represent approximately $1.9 million of commitments related to capital projects and approximately $4.7 million of materials and supplies used in the normal operation of our business. Of the total purchase order and construction commitments, approximately $4.7 million are cancelable by us upon providing a 30-day notice.

(4) Because interest payments under our New Credit Facility are subject to factors that in our judgment vary materially, the amount of future interest payments is not presently determinable. These factors include: 1) future short-term interest rates; 2) our future leverage ratio which varies with EBITDA and our borrowing levels and 3) the speed with which we deploy capital and other spending which in turn impacts the level of future borrowings. The interest rate under our Credit Facility is LIBOR, or a base rate (as defined in the Credit Facility agreement), plus an interest rate margin ranging from 1.25% to 2.50% depending on our leverage ratio. The interest rate is adjusted quarterly based on our leverage ratio which is calculated using operating results over the previous four quarters and borrowings at the end of the most recent quarter. At March 31, 2013 pricing was set at the opening pricing point of LIBOR plus 2.25% and will be adjusted in subsequent quarters in accordance with our leverage ratio. At March 31, 2013, the one-month LIBOR rate was 0.20%.


In March 2008, the Nevada Supreme Court issued a decision in Sparks Nugget, Inc. vs. The State of Nevada Department of Taxation (the "Department"), holding that food purchased for subsequent use in the provision of complimentary and/or employee meals were exempt from use tax. As a result of this decision, refund claims were filed for use taxes paid, over the period April 1997 through March 2000 and the period February 2005 through June 2008, on food purchased for subsequent use in complimentary and employee meals at our Nevada casino property. We estimate the requested refund to be approximately $1.6 million, excluding interest. We have not recognized any of these refund amounts.

In February 2012, the Department issued a policy directive, requesting that affected taxpayers begin collecting and remitting sales tax on complimentary meals and employee meals effective February 2012 and on June 25, 2012, the Nevada Tax Commission adopted regulations providing for a similar requirement, which regulations have not yet been made effective. As such we have accrued the resultant tax of $0.5 million as of March 31, 2013.

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We believe this policy directive, and possibly, the new regulations, contradict the March 27, 2008 Nevada Supreme Court decision, and we believe each are being challenged by several affected parties.

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