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CLFD > SEC Filings for CLFD > Form 10-Q on 3-May-2013All Recent SEC Filings

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Form 10-Q for CLEARFIELD, INC.


3-May-2013

Quarterly Report


ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that are not purely historical are "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements relate to future events and typically address the Company's expected future business and financial performance. Words such as "plan," "expect," "aim," "believe," "project," "target," "anticipate," "intend," "estimate," "will," "should," "could" and other words and terms of similar meaning, typically identify these forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are based on certain assumptions and expectations of future events and trends that are subject to risks and uncertainties. Actual results could differ from those projected in any forward-looking statements because of the factors identified in and incorporated by reference from Part I, Item 1A, "Risk Factors," of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2012, as well as in other filings we make with the Securities and Exchange Commission, which should be considered an integral part of Part I, Item 2, "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations." All forward-looking statements included herein are made as the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and we assume no obligation to update the forward-looking statements or to update the reasons why actual results could differ from those projected in the forward-looking statements.


The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012 should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and related notes in Item 1 of this report and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2012.

OVERVIEW

General

Clearfield, Inc. manufactures, markets, and sells an end-to-end fiber management and enclosure platform that consolidates, distributes and protects fiber as it moves from the inside plant to the outside plant and all the way to the home, business and cell site. While continuing to penetrate the wireline requirements for FTTH builds, Clearfield is actively engaged in the expansion of wireless services through the deployments of its technologies for cell backhaul and distributed antennas wireless services.

The Company has successfully established itself as a value-added supplier to its target market of broadband service providers, including independent local exchange carriers (telephone), multiple service operators (or MSO's) (cable), wireless service providers, municipal-owned utilities, as well as commercial and industrial original equipment manufacturers ("OEMs"). Clearfield has continued to expand its product offerings and broaden its customer base during the last five years.

The Company has historically focused on the un-served or under-served rural communities who receive their voice, video and data services from independent telephone companies. By aligning its in-house engineering and technical knowledge alongside its customers, the Company has been able to develop, customize and enhance products from design through production. Final build and assembly of the Company's products is completed at Clearfield's plant in Plymouth, Minnesota with manufacturing support from a network of domestic and global manufacturing partners. Clearfield specializes in producing these products on both a quick-turn and scheduled delivery basis. The Company deploys a hybrid sales model with some sales made directly to the customer, some made through two-tier distribution (channel) partners, and some sales through original equipment suppliers (OEM's) who private label their products.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2013 VS. THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2012

Revenues for the second fiscal quarter of 2013 ended March 31, 2013 were $10,514,000, an increase of approximately 48% or $3,400,000 from revenue of $7,112,000 for the second fiscal quarter of fiscal 2012. Revenues to broadband service providers and commercial data networks customers were $9,563,000 in the fiscal 2013 second quarter, versus $5,785,000 in the same period of fiscal 2012. Revenues to build-to-print and OEM customers were $951,000 in the fiscal 2013 second quarter versus $1,327,000 in the same period of fiscal 2012. Revenues in the second quarter of fiscal 2012 were negatively affected by new government funding regulations affecting the broadband service provider industry enacted just prior to that quarter. Revenue growth in fiscal 2013 was experienced from existing clients as well as from the development of accounts in traditional and new territories across the telco industry. Revenues were positively affected by increased demand in inside and outside plant deployment of fiber. In addition, increases were driven in part by new product offerings in the access network that drives fiber closer to the home, business and cell tower. Operating results for the second quarter of fiscal year 2013 are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for future quarters or the entire year, due to variability in customer purchasing patterns, seasonality of the business, and operating and other factors.


Cost of sales for the second quarter of fiscal 2013 was $6,299,000, an increase of $1,906,000, or 43%, from $4,393,000 in the comparable period of fiscal 2012. Gross margin was 40.1% in the fiscal 2013 second quarter, up from 38.2% for the fiscal 2012 second quarter. Gross profit increased $1,496,000, or 55%, to $4,215,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2013 from $2,719,000 in the comparable period in fiscal 2012. The increase in gross profit and cost of goods in the second quarter of fiscal 2013 is primarily a result of increased sales volume, along with a higher percentage of sales associated with higher margin optical component technologies.

Selling, general and administrative expenses increased $694,000, or 27%, to $3,266,000 in the fiscal 2013 second quarter from $2,572,000 for the fiscal 2012 second quarter. The increases in the fiscal 2013 quarter include higher compensation and incentive expenses in the amount of $379,000 due to higher revenues, an increase in product development costs of $116,000, an increase in equity compensation expense of $91,000 due to a higher number of equity awards outstanding, and higher professional fees of $66,000 in the three months ended March 31, 2013 versus March 31, 2012.

Income from operations for the quarter ended March 31, 2013 was $949,000 compared to income from operations of $147,000 for the comparable quarter of fiscal 2012, an increase of $802,000, or 546%. This increase is attributable to higher revenue and gross margin in the fiscal 2013 quarter versus the 2012 quarter.

Interest income for the quarter ended March 31, 2013 was $23,000 compared to $26,000 for the comparable quarter for fiscal 2012. Interest rates have continued to decline resulting in lower returns. The Company invests its excess cash primarily in FDIC-backed bank certificates of deposit and money market accounts.

We recorded a provision for income taxes of $427,000 and $41,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively. We record our quarterly provision for income taxes based on our estimated annual effective tax rate for the year. The increase in tax expense of $386,000 from the second quarter for fiscal 2012 is primarily due to deferred tax expense resulting from the reversal of a portion of the deferred tax asset valuation allowance in the second quarter of fiscal 2012.

The Company's net income for the three months ended March 31, 2013 was $545,000 or $0.05 per basic and $0.04 per diluted share. The Company's net income for the three months ended March 31, 2012 was $132,000, or $0.01 per basic and diluted share.

SIX MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2013 VS. SIX MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2012

Revenues for the six months ended March 31, 2013 were $20,780,000, an increase of 28% or approximately $4,502,000 from revenue of $16,277,000 for the first six months of fiscal 2012. Revenues to broadband service providers and commercial data networks customers were $18,480,000 for the first six months of the fiscal 2013 second quarter, versus $13,790,000 in the same period of fiscal 2012. Revenues to build-to-print and OEM customers were $2,300,000 in the first six months of fiscal 2013 versus $2,490,000 in the same period of fiscal 2012. Revenues in the six months ended fiscal 2012 were negatively affected by new government funding regulations affecting the broadband service provider industry enacted in the second quarter of that period. Revenue growth year over year was experienced from existing clients as well as from the development of accounts in traditional and new territories across the telco industry, including new international territories. In addition to revenues from inside and outside plant deployment of fiber, increases were driven in part by new product offerings in the access network that drives fiber closer to the home, business and cell tower. Operating results for the first two quarters of fiscal 2013 are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for future quarters or the entire year, due to variability in customer purchasing patterns, seasonality of the business, and operating and other factors.

Cost of sales for the six months ended March 31, 2013 was $12,640,000, an increase of $2,877,000, or 25%, from $9,764,000 in the comparable period. Gross margin was 39.2% in the fiscal 2013 second quarter, down from 40.0% for the comparable six months in fiscal 2012. Gross profit increased $1,626,000, or 25%, to $8,140,000 for the six months ended March 31, 2013 from $6,514,000 in the comparable period in fiscal 2012. The increase in gross profit and cost of goods is primarily a result of increased sales volume.

Selling, general and administrative expenses increased 18%, or $959,000, from $5,345,000 for the first six months of fiscal 2012 to $6,304,000 for the first six months of fiscal 2013. This increase is primarily composed of $465,000 in higher commission and performance compensation accruals associated with higher revenue increase in sales personnel. Equity compensation expense increased $164,000 due to a higher number of equity awards outstanding, product development costs increased $111,000, and professional fees increased $84,000 in the six months ended March 31, 2013 versus March 31, 2012.


Income from operations for the six months ended March 31, 2013 was $1,835,000 compared to income of $1,168,000 for the first six months of fiscal 2012, an increase of $667,000, or 57%. This increase is attributable to increased revenue and gross margin.

Interest income for the six months ended March 31, 2013 was $48,000 compared to $54,000 for the comparable period for fiscal 2012. Interest rates have continued to decline resulting in lower returns. The Company invests its excess cash primarily in FDIC-backed bank certificates of deposit and money market accounts.

We recorded a provision for income taxes of $793,000 and $90,000 for the six months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively. We record our quarterly provision for income taxes based on our estimated annual effective tax rate for the year. The increase in tax expense of $703,000 from the first six months of fiscal 2012 is primarily due to deferred tax benefit resulting from the reversal of a portion of the deferred tax asset valuation allowance in the first six months of fiscal 2012.

The Company's net income for the first six months of fiscal 2013 ended March 31, 2013 was $1,090,000, or $0.09 per basic and $0.08 per diluted share. The Company's net income for the first six months of fiscal 2012 ended March 31, 2012 was $1,132,000 or $0.09 per basic share and diluted share.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

As of March 31, 2013, our principal source of liquidity was our cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments. Those sources total $15,257,000 at March 31, 2013 compared to $14,785,000 at September 30, 2012. Our excess cash is invested mainly in certificates of deposit backed by the FDIC and money market accounts. The majority of our funds are insured by the FDIC. Investments considered long-term are $4,261,000 at March 31, 2013, compared to $4,572,000 at September 30, 2012. We believe the combined balances of short-term cash and investments along with long-term investments provide a more accurate indication of our available liquidity. At March 31, 2013, Clearfield had no debt along with $19,518,000 in cash, cash equivalents and investments, compared to $19,357,000 at September 30, 2012.

The Company expects to fund operations with its working capital, which is the combination of existing cash and cash equivalents and cash flow from operations, accounts receivable and inventory. The Company intends to use its cash assets primarily for its continued organic growth. Additionally, the Company may use some available cash for potential future strategic initiatives or alliances. We believe our cash and cash equivalents at March 31, 2013, along with cash flow from future operations, will be sufficient to fund our working capital and capital resources needs for the next 12 months.

Operating Activities

Net cash provided by operating activities totaled $655,000 for the six months ended March 31, 2013. This was primarily due to net income of $1,090,000, non-cash expenses for depreciation and amortization of $239,000, deferred taxes of $730,000, loss on asset disposals of $7,000, and stock based compensation of $384,000, offset by changes in operating assets and liabilities using cash. Changes in operating assets and liabilities using cash include increases in inventory of $771,000, other current assets of $109,000, and accounts receivable of $1,224,000. The increase in inventory reflects higher stocking levels for existing and for new product offerings including Clearview Blue and the recently announced FieldShield. Changes using cash also include an increase in accounts payable and accrued expenses in the amount of $309,000, primarily related to increased inventory purchases.

Net cash generated from operating activities totaled $233,000 for the six months ended March 31, 2012. This was primarily due to net income of $1,132,000, and non-cash expenses for depreciation and amortization of $197,000, deferred taxes of $41,000, loss on asset disposals of $21,000, and stock based compensation of $219,000. Changes in operating assets and liabilities using cash include increases in inventory of $319,000, other current assets of $285,000, and a decrease in accounts payable and accrued expenses of $1,367,000. Changes in operating assets and liabilities providing cash was a result of a decrease in accounts receivable of $593,000. The decrease in cash from accounts payable and accrued expenses mainly reflects fiscal 2011 accrued bonus compensation accruals paid in the first quarter of fiscal 2012.


Investing Activities

We invest our excess cash in money market accounts and bank CDs in denominations across numerous banks. We believe we obtain a competitive rate of return given the economic climate along with the security provided by the FDIC on these investments. During the six months ended March 31, 2013 we used cash to purchase $3,860,000 of FDIC-backed securities and received $4,835,000 on CDs that matured. Purchases of patent fees and capital equipment, mainly information technology and manufacturing equipment, consumed $550,000 of cash.

During the six month period ended March 31, 2012 we used cash to purchase $6,458,000 of FDIC-backed securities and received $1,657,000 on CDs that matured. Purchases of patent fees and capital equipment, mainly information technology equipment and vehicles, consumed $181,000 of cash.

Financing Activities

For the six months ended March 31, 2013 we received $69,000 from employees' participation and purchase of stock through our ESPP. We received $12,000 from the issuance of stock as a result of employees exercising options, and used $25,000 to pay for taxes as a result of employee's exercises of options using share withholding.

For the six month period ended March 31, 2012 we received $70,000 from employees' participation and purchase of stock through our ESPP and $51,000 from the issuance of stock as a result of employees exercising options.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES

Management utilizes its technical knowledge, cumulative business experience, judgment and other factors in the selection and application of the Company's accounting policies. The accounting policies considered by management to be the most critical to the presentation of the financial statements because they require the most difficult, subjective and complex judgments include revenue recognition, stock-based compensation, deferred tax asset valuation allowances, accruals for uncertain tax positions, and impairment of goodwill and long-lived assets.

These accounting policies are described in Item 7. "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" of the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2012. Management made no changes to the Company's critical accounting policies during the quarter ended March 31, 2013.

In applying its critical accounting policies, management reassesses its estimates each reporting period based on available information. Changes in these estimates did not have a significant impact on earnings for the quarter ended March 31, 2013.

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