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SEM > SEC Filings for SEM > Form 10-Q on 2-May-2013All Recent SEC Filings

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Form 10-Q for SELECT MEDICAL HOLDINGS CORP


2-May-2013

Quarterly Report


ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL
CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

You should read this discussion together with our unaudited consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes.

Forward-Looking Statements

This report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws. Statements that are not historical facts, including statements about our beliefs and expectations, are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements include statements preceded by, followed by or that include the words "may," "could," "would," "should," "believe," "expect," "anticipate," "plan," "target," "estimate," "project," "intend" and similar expressions. These statements include, among others, statements regarding our expected business outlook, anticipated financial and operating results, our business strategy and means to implement our strategy, our objectives, the amount and timing of capital expenditures, the likelihood of our success in expanding our business, financing plans, budgets, working capital needs and sources of liquidity.

Forward-looking statements are only predictions and are not guarantees of performance. These statements are based on our management's beliefs and assumptions, which in turn are based on currently available information. Important assumptions relating to the forward-looking statements include, among others, assumptions regarding our services, the expansion of our services, competitive conditions and general economic conditions. These assumptions could prove inaccurate. Forward-looking statements also involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties, which could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement. Many of these factors are beyond our ability to control or predict. Such factors include, but are not limited to, the following:

changes in government reimbursement for our services due to the implementation of healthcare reform legislation, deficit reduction measures, and/or new payment policies (including, for example, the expiration of the moratorium on the 25-percent payment adjustment threshold that would reduce our Medicare payments for those patients admitted to a long-term acute care hospital from a referring hospital in excess of the percentage threshold) may result in a reduction in net operating revenues, an increase in costs and a reduction in profitability;

the impact of the Budget Control Act of 2011 which, as amended by the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012, will generally result in a 2% reduction to Medicare payments for services furnished on or after April 1, 2013 unless further legislation is enacted;

the failure of our specialty hospitals to maintain their Medicare certifications may cause our net operating revenues and profitability to decline;

the failure of our facilities operated as "hospitals within hospitals" to qualify as hospitals separate from their host hospitals may cause our net operating revenues and profitability to decline;

a government investigation or assertion that we have violated applicable regulations may result in sanctions or reputational harm and increased costs;


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acquisitions or joint ventures may prove difficult or unsuccessful, use significant resources or expose us to unforeseen liabilities;

private third-party payors for our services may undertake future cost containment initiatives that limit our future net operating revenues and profitability;

the failure to maintain established relationships with the physicians in the areas we serve could reduce our net operating revenues and profitability;

shortages in qualified nurses or therapists could increase our operating costs significantly;

competition may limit our ability to grow and result in a decrease in our net operating revenues and profitability;

the loss of key members of our management team could significantly disrupt our operations;

the effect of claims asserted against us could subject us to substantial uninsured liabilities; and

other factors discussed from time to time in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC"), including factors discussed under the heading "Risk Factors" for the year ended December 31, 2012 contained in our annual report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on February 26, 2013.

Except as required by applicable law, including the securities laws of the United States and the rules and regulations of the SEC, we are under no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of any new information, future events or otherwise. You should not place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results or performance.

Investors should also be aware that while we do, from time to time, communicate with securities analysts, it is against our policy to disclose to security analysts any material non-public information or other confidential commercial information. Accordingly, stockholders should not assume that we agree with any statement or report issued by any security analyst irrespective of the content of the statement or report. Thus, to the extent that reports issued by securities analysts contain any projections, forecasts or opinions, such reports are not the responsibility of the Company.

Overview

We believe that we are one of the largest operators of both specialty hospitals and outpatient rehabilitation clinics in the United States based on number of facilities. As of March 31, 2013, we operated 110 long term acute care hospitals and 12 acute medical rehabilitation hospitals in 28 states, and 985 outpatient rehabilitation clinics in 32 states and the District of Columbia. We also provide medical rehabilitation services on a contracted basis to nursing homes, hospitals, assisted living and senior care centers, schools and work sites. We began operations in 1997 under the leadership of our current management team. As of March 31, 2013 we had operations in 44 states and the District of Columbia.


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We manage our Company through two business segments, our specialty hospital segment and our outpatient rehabilitation segment. We had net operating revenues of $750.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2013. Of this total, we earned approximately 74% of our net operating revenues from our specialty hospitals and approximately 26% from our outpatient rehabilitation business. Our specialty hospital segment consists of hospitals designed to serve the needs of long term stay acute patients and hospitals designed to serve patients that require intensive medical rehabilitation care. Patients are typically admitted to our specialty hospitals from general acute care hospitals. These patients have specialized needs, and serious and often complex medical conditions such as respiratory failure, neuromuscular disorders, traumatic brain and spinal cord injuries, strokes, non-healing wounds, cardiac disorders, renal disorders and cancer. Our outpatient rehabilitation segment consists of clinics and contract services that provide physical, occupational and speech rehabilitation services. Our outpatient rehabilitation patients are typically diagnosed with musculoskeletal impairments that restrict their ability to perform normal activities of daily living.

Significant 2013 Events

Refinancing

On February 20, 2013, Select entered into an additional credit extension amendment to its senior secured credit facilities that provided for an additional $300.0 million term loan tranche, (the "series B term loan") to Select. Select used the borrowings under the series B term loan to redeem all of its outstanding 7 5/8% senior subordinated notes due 2015 on March 22, 2013, to finance Holdings' redemption of all of Holdings' senior floating rate notes due 2015 on March 22, 2013 and to repay a portion of the balance outstanding under Select's revolving credit facility. The balance of the series B term loan will be payable on February 20, 2016.

Stock Repurchase Program

The Company's board of directors has authorized a common stock repurchase program to repurchase up to $350.0 million worth of shares of its common stock. The program will remain in effect until March 31, 2014, unless extended by the board of directors. Stock repurchases under this program may be made in the open market or through privately negotiated transactions, and at times and in such amounts as the Company deems appropriate. The Company is funding this program with cash on hand and borrowings under its revolving credit facility. The Company repurchased 1,115,691 shares at a cost of approximately $10.0 million, which includes transaction costs, during the three months ended March 31, 2013. Since the inception of the program through March 31, 2013, the Company has repurchased 23,606,080 shares at a cost of approximately $173.6 million, or $7.36 per share, which includes transaction costs.


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Summary Financial Results

Three Months Ended March 31, 2013

For the three months ended March 31, 2013, our net operating revenues increased 0.8% to $750.0 million compared to $744.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012. This increase in net operating revenues resulted principally from increases that occurred within our specialty hospital segment. We had income from operations for the three months ended March 31, 2013 of $82.5 million compared to $91.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012. Our Adjusted EBITDA for the three months ended March 31, 2013 was $100.1 million, compared to $109.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012. See the section entitled "Results of Operations" for a reconciliation of net income to Adjusted EBITDA. The decrease in our income from operations and Adjusted EBITDA is principally due to increases in our operating expenses and increases in our general and administrative expenses, offset in part by increases in our net operating revenues.

Net income was $34.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2013 compared to $41.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012. The decrease in net income resulted from a decrease in our income from operations described above, a loss on early retirement of debt and a decrease in our equity in earnings of unconsolidated subsidiaries, offset in part by a reduction in our effective income tax rate.

Cash flow from operations used $12.0 million of cash for the three months ended March 31, 2013, principally due to the increases in accounts receivable that resulted primarily from the timing of our Medicare payments.

Regulatory Changes

In the past few years, there have been significant regulatory changes that have affected our net operating revenues and, in some cases, caused us to change our operating models and strategies. The following is a discussion of recent regulatory changes that are affecting our results of operations in 2013 or may have an affect on our future results of operations. Our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") on February 26, 2013 contains a more detailed discussion of the regulations that affect our business in Part I - Business - Government Regulations, and the information below should be read in connection with that more detailed discussion.

Budget Control Act of 2011

The Budget Control Act of 2011, enacted on August 2, 2011, increased the federal debt ceiling in connection with deficit reductions over the next ten years. The Budget Control Act of 2011 requires automatic reductions in federal spending by approximately $1.2 trillion split evenly between domestic and defense spending. Payments to Medicare providers are subject to these automatic spending reductions, subject to a 2% cap, which are expected to reduce Medicare payments by more than $11 billion in fiscal year 2013 and $123 billion over the period of fiscal years 2013 to 2021. On April 1, 2013 a 2% reduction to Medicare payments was implemented.


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We have estimated that this reduction will reduce our net operating revenues and income from operations by approximately $20.0 million to $25.0 million for the remainder of 2013.

Medicare Payment of Long Term Acute Care Hospital Services ("LTCH-PPS")

Medicare Payment of Long Term Acute Care Hospitals during Fiscal Year 2013

On August 1, 2012, CMS published the final rule updating the policies and payment rates for LTCH-PPS for fiscal year 2013 (affecting discharges and cost reporting periods beginning on or after October 1, 2012 through September 30, 2013). Two different standard federal rates apply during fiscal year 2013. The standard federal rate for discharges on or after October 1, 2012 and before December 29, 2012 was set at $40,916 and the standard federal rate for discharges on or after December 29, 2012 for the remainder of fiscal year 2013 is $40,398 both of which are an increase from the fiscal year 2012 standard federal rate of $40,222. The update to the standard federal rate for fiscal year 2013 through December 28, 2012 included a market basket increase of 2.6%, less a productivity adjustment of 0.7%, and less an additional reduction of 0.1% mandated by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act ("PPACA"). The standard federal rate for the period of December 29, 2012 through the remainder of fiscal 2013 is further reduced by a portion of the one-time budget neutrality adjustment of 1.266%, as discussed below. The final rule established a fixed-loss amount for high cost outlier cases for fiscal year 2013 of $15,408, which is a decrease from the fixed-loss amount in the 2012 fiscal year of $17,931.

Medicare Payment of Long Term Acute Care Hospitals during Fiscal Year 2014

On April 26, 2013, CMS released an advanced copy of the proposed policies and payment rates for the LTCH-PPS for fiscal year 2014 (affecting discharges and cost reporting periods beginning on or after October 1, 2013 through September 30, 2014). The standard federal rate would be set at $40,622, an increase from the standard federal rate applicable during the period from December 29, 2012 through the remainder of fiscal year 2013 of $40,398. The update to the standard federal rate for fiscal year 2014, if adopted, would include a market basket increase of 2.5%, less a productivity adjustment of 0.4%, less an additional reduction of 0.3% mandated by the PPACA, and less a budget neutrality adjustment of 1.266%, as discussed below. The fixed-loss amount for high cost outlier cases would be set at $14,139, which is a decrease from the fixed-loss amount in the 2013 fiscal year of $15,408.

Short Stay Outlier Policy

CMS established a different payment methodology for Medicare patients with a length of stay less than or equal to five-sixths of the geometric average length of stay for that particular MS-LTC-DRG, referred to as a short stay outlier, or "SSO." The SSO rule was further revised adding a category referred to as a "very short stay outlier" for discharges occurring after December 29, 2012. For cases with a length of stay that is equal to or less than one standard deviation from the geometric average length of stay for the same MS-DRG under IPPS, referred to as the so-called "IPPS comparable threshold," the rule lowers the LTCH payment to a rate based on the general acute care hospital IPPS per diem. SSO cases with covered lengths of stay that exceed the IPPS comparable threshold continue to be paid under the SSO payment policy.

25 Percent Rule

The 25 Percent Rule is a downward payment adjustment that applies to Medicare patients discharged from LTCHs who were admitted from a co-located hospital or a non-co-located hospital and caused the LTCH to exceed the applicable percentage thresholds for discharged Medicare patients. The SCHIP Extension Act of 2007 as amended by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act and the PPACA, has limited the application of the 25 Percent Rule. CMS adopted through regulations an additional one-year extension of relief from the full application


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of Medicare admission thresholds. As a result, full implementation of the Medicare admission thresholds will not go into effect until cost reporting periods beginning on or after October 1, 2013. After the expiration of the extension, our LTCHs will be subject to a downward payment adjustment for any Medicare patients who were admitted from a co-located or a non-co-located hospital and that exceed the applicable percentage threshold of all Medicare patients discharged from the LTCH during the cost reporting period.

In the preamble to the proposed update to the Medicare policies and payment rates for fiscal year 2014, CMS proposes to allow the regulatory moratorium on the full application of the 25 Percent Rule to lapse. CMS also seeks public comments on adoption of a payment adjustment based on whether a particular case qualifies as chronically critically ill/medically complex ("CCI/MC"). CMS is considering a change to the LTCH-PPS payment policies that would limit full LTCH-PPS payment to those patients meeting the definition of CCI/MC while they were in an IPPS hospital inpatient setting and subsequently directly admitted to an LTCH. Payment for non-CCI/MC patients would be made at an "IPPS comparable amount," that is, an amount comparable to what would have been paid under the IPPS calculated as a per diem rate with total payments capped at the full IPPS MS-DRG payment rate. We cannot predict whether CMS will adopt the CCI/MC patient-level criteria in the future or, if adopted, how such criteria would affect the application of the 25 Percent Rule to our LTCHs.

One-Time Budget Neutrality Adjustment

The regulations governing LTCH-PPS authorizes CMS to make a one-time adjustment to the standard federal rate to correct any "significant difference between actual payments and estimated payments for the first year" of LTCH-PPS. In the update to the Medicare policies and payment rates for fiscal year 2013, CMS adopted a one-time budget neutrality adjustment that results in a permanent negative adjustment of 3.75% to the LTCH base rate. CMS is implementing the adjustment over a three-year period by applying a factor of 0.98734 to the standard federal rate in fiscal years 2013, 2014 and 2015, except that the adjustment did not apply to payments for discharges occurring on or after October 1, 2012 through December 28, 2012.

Medicare Market Basket Adjustments for Long Term Acute Care Hospitals

The PPACA instituted a market basket payment adjustment to LTCHs. In fiscal year 2014, the market basket update will be reduced by 0.3%. Fiscal years 2015 and 2016 the market basket update will be reduced by 0.2%. Finally, in fiscal years 2017-2019, the market basket update will be reduced by 0.75%. The PPACA specifically allows these market basket reductions to result in less than a 0% payment update and payment rates that are less than the prior year.

Medicare Payment of Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility Services ("IRF-PPS")

Medicare Payment of Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities during Fiscal Year 2013

On July 30, 2012, CMS published the policies and payment rates for IRF-PPS for fiscal year 2013 (affecting discharges and cost reporting periods beginning on or after October 1, 2012 through September 30, 2013). The standard payment conversion factor for discharges for fiscal year 2013 is $14,343, which is an increase from the fiscal year 2012 standard payment conversion factor of $14,076. The update to the standard payment conversion factor for fiscal year 2013 includes a market basket increase of 2.7%, less a productivity adjustment of 0.7%, less


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an additional market basket reduction of 0.1% as mandated by the PPACA. CMS decreased the outlier threshold amount for fiscal year 2013 to $10,466 from $10,713 established in the final rule for fiscal year 2012.

Medicare Market Basket Adjustments for Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities

The PPACA instituted a market basket payment adjustment for IRFs. For fiscal year 2014, the reduction is 0.3%. For fiscal years 2015 and 2016, the reduction is 0.2%. For fiscal years 2017 - 2019, the reduction is 0.75%. The PPACA specifically allows these market basket reductions to result in less than a 0% payment update and payment rates that are less than the prior year.

Medicare Payment of Outpatient Rehabilitation Services

Medicare Physician Fee Schedule and Sustainable Growth Rate Update

The Medicare program reimburses outpatient rehabilitation providers based on the Medicare physician fee schedule. The Medicare physician fee schedule rates are automatically updated annually based on a formula, called the sustainable growth rate ("SGR") formula, contained in legislation. The SGR formula has resulted in automatic reductions in rates in every year since 2002; however, for each year through 2013 CMS or Congress has taken action to prevent the SGR formula reductions. The American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 froze Medicare physician fee schedule rates at 2012 levels through December 31, 2013, averting a scheduled 26.5% cut as a result of the SGR formula that would have taken effect on January 1, 2013. A reduction in the Medicare physician fee schedule payment rates will occur on January 1, 2014, unless Congress again takes legislative action to prevent the SGR formula reductions from going into effect.

Therapy Caps

Beginning on January 1, 1999, the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 subjected certain outpatient therapy providers reimbursed under the Medicare physician fee schedule to annual limits for therapy expenses. Effective January 1, 2013, the annual limit on outpatient therapy services is $1,900 for combined physical and speech language pathology services and $1,900 for occupational therapy services. The per beneficiary caps were $1,880 for calendar year 2012. The Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012 extended the annual limits on therapy expenses to hospital outpatient departments for dates of service on or after October 1, 2012. The application of annual limits to hospital outpatient department settings will sunset at the end of 2013 unless Congress takes further action to extend it.


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In the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005, Congress implemented an exceptions process to the annual limit for therapy expenses. Under this process, a Medicare enrollee (or person acting on behalf of the Medicare enrollee) is able to request an exception from the therapy caps if the provision of therapy services was deemed to be medically necessary. Therapy cap exceptions have been available automatically for certain conditions and on a case-by-case basis upon submission of documentation of medical necessity. The American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 extends the exceptions process for outpatient therapy caps through December 31, 2013. Unless Congress extends the exceptions process, the therapy caps will apply to all outpatient therapy services beginning January 1, 2014, except those services furnished and billed by outpatient hospital departments, as noted above.

The Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012 made several changes to the exceptions process to the annual limit for therapy expenses. For any claim above the annual limit, the claim must contain a modifier indicating that the services are medically necessary and justified by appropriate documentation in the medical record. Effective October 1, 2012, all claims exceeding $3,700 are subject to a manual medical review process. The $3,700 threshold is applied separately to the combined physical therapy/speech therapy cap and the occupational therapy cap. The American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 extends through December 31, 2013 the requirement that Medicare perform manual medical review of therapy services when an exception is requested for cases in which the beneficiary has reached a specified dollar aggregate threshold, including therapy services furnished in hospital outpatient departments. Effective October 1, 2012, all therapy claims, whether above or below the annual limit, must include the national provider identifier (NPI) of the physician responsible for certifying and periodically reviewing the plan of care. As of January 1, 2013, CMS implemented a claims based data collection strategy that is designed to assist in reforming the Medicare payment system for outpatient therapy. Effective January 1, 2013, all therapy claims must include additional codes and modifiers providing information about the beneficiary's functional status at the outset of the therapy episode of care, specified points during treatment, and at the time of discharge. After July 1, 2013, claims submitted without the appropriate codes and modifiers will be returned unpaid.

Multiple Procedure Payment Reduction

CMS adopted a multiple procedure payment reduction for therapy services in the final update to the Medicare physician fee schedule for calendar year 2011. This multiple procedure payment reduction policy became effective January 1, 2011 and applies to all outpatient therapy services paid under Medicare Part B. Furthermore, the multiple procedure payment reduction policy applies across all therapy disciplines - occupational therapy, physical therapy and speech-language pathology. Under the policy, the Medicare program pays 100% of the practice expense component of the therapy procedure or unit of service with the highest Relative Value Unit, and then reduces the payment for the practice expense component for the second and subsequent therapy procedures or units of service furnished during the same day for the same patient, regardless of whether those therapy services are furnished in separate sessions. In 2011 and 2012, the second and subsequent therapy service furnished during the same day for the same patient was reduced by 20% in office and other non-institutional settings and by 25% in institutional settings. The American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 increases the payment


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reduction in either setting to 50% effective April 1, 2013 for all outpatient therapy services. Our outpatient rehabilitation therapy services are primarily offered in institutional settings and, as such, are subject to the applicable 25% payment reduction in the practice expense component for the second and subsequent therapy services furnished by us to the same patient on the same day until April 1, 2013 when the payment reduction will increase to 50%.


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