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LSTS > SEC Filings for LSTS > Form 10-K on 16-Apr-2013All Recent SEC Filings

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Form 10-K for LUSTROS INC.


Annual Report


This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "Securities Act") and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"). These forward-looking statements are not historical facts but rather are based on current expectations, estimates and projections. We may use words such as "anticipate," "expect," "intend," "plan," "believe," "foresee," "estimate" and variations of these words and similar expressions to identify forward-looking statements. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to certain risks, uncertainties and other factors, some of which are beyond our control, are difficult to predict and could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or forecasted. You should read this report completely and with the understanding that actual future results may be materially different from what we expect. The forward looking statements included in this report are made as of the date of this report and should be evaluated with consideration of any changes occurring after the date of this Report. We will not update forward-looking statements even though our situation may change in the future and we assume no obligation to update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

References in this Annual Report to the "Company", "we", "us" or "our" refer to Lustros, Inc., a Utah corporation ("Lustros"), and its consolidated subsidiaries including, Bluestone, S.A, ("Bluestone"), Lustros Chile SpA ("Lustros Chile"), Mineraltus SA ("Mineraltus") and Sulfatos Chile, S.A., ("Sulfatos Chile"). The following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and related notes to the financial statements included elsewhere in this filing.

We are a pre-revenue development stage company that intends to market and sell the high quality food-grade copper sulfate obtained by processing copper ores and tailings at Company-owned processing facilities in Chile.

On March 9, 2012, Lustros acquired all of the outstanding capital stock and rights to acquire capital stock of Bluestone, S.A. a Chilean corporation ("Bluestone"), in exchange for 60,000,000 shares of its common stock (the "Bluestone Acquisition"). As of the closing, these shares represented 96.7% of Lustros' outstanding common stock. For financial reporting purposes, the Company has treated the Bluestone Acquisition as a reverse acquisition with Bluestone the acquiring entity and Lustros as the acquired entity. As a result, the Company's financial statements reflect the financial information of Bluestone prior to March 9, 2012 and the combined entity on and after March 9, 2012. Because Bluestone commenced operations in January 2012, there are no results of operations for Bluestone prior to that date.

On February 15, 2012, Bluestone purchased a 60% equity interest in Sulfatos Chile, S.A. from Santa Teresa Minerals S.A., a Chilean corporation ("Santa Teresa Minerals"). The purchase price for the equity interest was: (a) a 20% interest in Bluestone; (b) $2.2 million, with $1.1 million paid by assumption of a demand loan payable by Santa Teresa Minerals to Angelique de Maison, and the balance of $1.1 million to be paid in monthly installments from time to time upon demand by Santa Teresa Minerals. As of December 31, 2012, the entire purchase price has been paid. On October 16, 2012 Angelique de Maison entered into an agreement with Santa Teresa Minerals pursuant to which Santa Teresa Minerals waived and released any claim to any Equity Interests in Bluestone or Lustros and their affiliated companies, with Bluestone and Lustros Inc. express third party beneficiaries of that waiver and release. As such, Santa Teresa Minerals' 20% interest in Bluestone has been cancelled, and Bluestone is a wholly owned subsidiary of Lustros. This acquisition has been treated as an "asset purchase" for financial reporting purposes. Because the acquisition was between related parties, the purchase price has been allocated to additional paid-in capital and the assets and liabilities were carried over at historical costs. Results of operations for Sulfatos have been reflected in the Company's financial statements from the closing date.

On March 25, 2012, the Company sold the assets (including the "Power-Save" name) of its renewable energy and energy savings product business in which it had engaged prior to the Bluestone Acquisition, to the former management of the Company. The purchase price for the assets was the cancellation of obligations for unpaid salaries and other monies owed to prior management and the assumption by the buyer of certain liabilities of the Company related to the Power-Save business.

We will process copper ore at our copper sulfate processing plant in Puerto Oscuro, Chile. We will obtain the copper ore from our 1,325 hectare Anica copper mine or by purchase from local artisanal miners. Our copper sulfate facility is expected to begin processing 5,000 tons of material per month in the second quarter of 2013. The current plant capacity of 15,000 tons per month will occur upon receiving permits for unlimited production which we expect to receive in the fourth quarter of 2013. Cash flow from this first phase is expected to begin in the third quarter of 2013 and will fund future expansion for an additional 25,000 ton processing plant.

Our consolidated financial statements contain our accounts and those of our consolidated subsidiaries, all of which are wholly-owned at December 31, 2012 except for Sulfatos and Mineraltus, which we control. Due to the structure of our ownership interests in Sulfatos and Mineraltus, in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, we consolidate the financial statements of Sulfatos and Mineraltus into our financial statements rather than present our ownership interests as equity investments. As such, the non-controlling interests in Sulfatos and Mineraltus are reflected as income attributable to minority interests in our consolidated statements of operations and as a component of stockholders' equity on our consolidated balance sheet. Throughout this section, when we refer to "our" consolidated financial statements, we are referring to the consolidated results for us, our wholly-owned subsidiaries and the consolidated results of Sulfatos and Mineraltus, adjusted for non-controlling interests in Sulfatos and Mineraltus. All significant intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in the consolidation of our financial statements.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS From Inception (January 26, 2012) to December 31, 2012

The following discusses results of operations from Inception (January 26, 2012) to December 31, 2012. There is no comparable historic financial information because Bluestone's operations did not begin until January 2012.

Revenue from Inception (January 26, 2012) to December 31, 2012 was $54,902, most of which was earned from a one-time mining project completed for Casablanca Mining, the parent company of Santa Teresa Minerals. Gross profit from Inception (January 26, 2012) to December 31, 2012 was $54,902 respectively. We expect revenues to increase significantly after the full scale launch of our copper sulfate production facility in the second quarter of 2013.

Operating expenses from Inception (January 26, 2012) to December 31, 2012 were $4,370,574. Operating expenses were primarily associated with the operations of Sulfatos in the ordinary course of business as well as legal and accounting expenses required by a public company.

Due to the losses during the period the Company has not recorded a provision for income taxes. The Company will carry back any net operating loss to recover taxes paid in prior periods.


As of December 31, 2012, our current liabilities exceeded our current assets by $2,497,941. Through December 31, 2012, we had cash in the amount of $277,565.

Cash Requirements

During the next twelve months, the Company plans to satisfy its cash requirements by income from operations, loans and the sale of debt and equity securities. There can be no assurance that the Company will be successful in raising the capital it requires through loans or the sale of securities. While directors, officers, and principal shareholders have provided funding to the Company throughout 2012, they have no commitment to provide additional funding.

Sulfatos Chile

The Company acquired property and equipment owned by Sulfatos Chile with a historical cost value of $7,331,655 in the Bluestone Acquisition in March 2012. The Company has spent an additional $1.1M in property and equipment purchases as of December 31, 2012 toward the completion of the copper sulfate processing plant in Puerto Oscuro, Chile. We expect the plant will be completed by end of the second quarter of 2013 and will cost an additional $450,000 in capital expenditures to complete.

Going forward, Sulfatos Chile expects to incur average monthly costs, of approximately $220,000 once it begins production at the copper sulfate processing plant. These costs will be paid for by income from operations.

Congo Project

On October 18, 2012, the Company entered into an agreement pursuant to which the Company acquired the land, laboratory, tailings and other assets of the closed mine of La Africana, commonly known as the "Congo Project", in the Santiago, Chile metropolitan area. The land is approximately 81.2 hectares and contains an estimated 2.4 million tons of copper-rich tailings. The purchase price was $7 million payable as follows:

$360,000 was paid in November 2012 for the right to use all assets and facilities;

$436,858 is payable upon completion of the copper sulfate processing plant on site no later than November 13, 2014 as the final payment for the assets;

$6,203,172 is payable in equal monthly installments of $77,540 beginning on July 1, 2013 for the lease of the Lo Aguirre main pit. SMP may request that the final 12 lease payments not be made by the Company in exchange for the return of 60.2 hectares of land at their option on or before date the 69th lease payment is made.

The Company has agreed to remove the tailings and restore the value of the property so that it can be used for real estate development projects. The Company will separate the copper from the tailings with the intention of manufacturing an estimated 24,000 tons of food-grade, penta-hydrated copper sulfate. The Company plans to construct a copper sulfate processing plant on the property to process the tailings at an estimated cost of $6.2 million by November 2014.

Future Financing

We will continue to rely on equity sales of our common shares in order to continue to fund our business operations. Issuances of additional shares will result in dilution to existing stockholders. There is no assurance that we will achieve any additional sales of the equity securities or arrange for debt or other financing to fund planned acquisitions and exploration activities.

Critical Accounting Estimates and Policies

The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and plan of operations is based upon our financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP"). The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. On an on-going basis, we evaluate our estimates including, among others, those affecting revenue, the allowance for doubtful accounts, the salability of inventory and the useful lives of tangible and intangible assets. The discussion below is intended as a brief discussion of some of the judgments and uncertainties that can impact the application of these policies and the specific dollar amounts reported on our financial statements. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form our basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions, or if management made different judgments or utilized different estimates. Many of our estimates or judgments are based on anticipated future events or performance, and as such are forward-looking in nature, and are subject to many risks and uncertainties, including those discussed elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We do not undertake any obligation to update or revise this discussion to reflect any future events or circumstances.

We have identified below some of our accounting policies that we consider critical to our business operations and the understanding of our results of operations. This is not a complete list of all of our accounting policies, and there may be other accounting policies that are significant to us. For a detailed discussion on the application of these and our other accounting policies, see Note 2 to the financial statements, included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Mining Properties and Equipment

The Company will follow the successful efforts method of accounting. All developmental costs will be capitalized. Depreciation and depletion of producing properties will be computed on the unit-of-production method based on estimated proved reserves. Repairs and maintenance will be expensed, while renewals and betterments will be generally capitalized.

At least quarterly, or more frequently if conditions indicate that long-term assets may be impaired, the carrying value of our properties will be compared to management's future estimated pre-tax cash flow from the properties. If undiscounted cash flows are less than the carrying value, then the asset value will be written down to fair value. Impairment of individually significant unproved properties will be assessed on a property-by-property basis, and impairment of other unproved properties is assessed and amortized on an aggregate basis.

Asset Retirement Obligation

The Company follows ASC 410, Asset Retirement and Environmental Obligations, which requires that an asset retirement obligation ("ARO") associated with the retirement of a tangible long-lived asset be recognized as a liability in the period in which it is incurred and becomes determinable, with an offsetting increase in the carrying amount of the associated asset. The cost of the tangible asset, including the initially recognized ARO, is depleted, such that the cost of the ARO is recognized over the useful life of the asset. The ARO is recorded at fair value, and accretion expense is recognized over time as the discounted liability is accreted to its expected settlement value. The fair value of the ARO is measured using expected future cash flow, discounted at the Company's credit-adjusted risk-free interest rate. To date, the Company estimates that an asset retirement obligation of $396,474 exists. Accordingly, a liability for this amount has been included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities.

Proven and Probable Reserves

The definition of proven and probable reserves is set forth in SEC Industry Guide 7. Proven reserves are reserves for which (a) quantity is computed from dimensions revealed in outcrops, trenches, workings or drill holes; grade and/or quality are computed from the results of detailed sampling and (b) the sites for inspection, sampling and measurement are spaced so closely and the geologic character is so well defined that size, shape, depth and mineral content of reserves are well-established. Probable reserves are reserves for which quantity and grade and/or quality are computed from information similar to that used for proven reserves, but the sites for inspection, sampling, and measurement are farther apart or are otherwise less adequately spaced. The degree of assurance, although lower than that for proven reserves, is high enough to assume continuity between points of observation. In addition, reserves cannot be considered proven and probable until they are supported by a feasibility study, indicating that the reserves have had the requisite geologic, technical and economic work performed and are economically and legally extractable at the time of the reserve determination.

Mineral Acquisition Costs

The costs of acquiring land and mineral rights are considered tangible assets. Significant acquisition payments are capitalized. General, administrative and holding costs to maintain an exploration property are expensed as incurred. If a mineable ore body is discovered, such costs are amortized when production begins using the units-of-production method. If no mineable ore body is discovered or such rights are otherwise determined to have diminished value, such costs are expensed in the period in which the determination is made.

Exploration Costs

Exploration costs are charged to expense as incurred. Costs to identify new mineral resources, to evaluate potential resources, and to convert mineral resources into proven and probable reserves are considered exploration costs.

Design, Construction, and Development Costs

Certain costs to design and construct mine and processing facilities may be incurred prior to establishing proven and probable reserves. Under these circumstances, we classify the project as an exploration stage project and expense substantially all costs, including design, engineering, construction, and installation of equipment. Certain types of equipment, which have alternative uses or significant salvage value, may be capitalized. If a project is determined to contain proven and probable reserves, costs incurred in anticipation of production can be capitalized. Such costs include development drilling to further delineate the ore body, removing overburden during the pre-production phase, building access ways, constructing facilities, and installing equipment. If a project is not reliant on proven or probable reserves, we classify the project as a development stage project and capitalize substantially all construction in process costs, including design, engineering, construction, equipment and installation of equipment. Interest costs, if any, incurred during the development phase, would be capitalized until the assets are ready for their intended use. The cost of start-up activities and on-going costs to maintain production are expensed as incurred. Costs of abandoned projects are charged to operations upon abandonment.

If a project commences commercial production, amortization and depletion of capitalized costs is computed on a unit-of-production basis over the expected reserves of the project based on estimated recoverable resources.

Income Taxes

Accounting Standards Codification Topic No. 740 "Income Taxes" (ASC 740) requires the asset and liability method of accounting be used for income taxes. Under the asset and liability method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.

Going Concern

We have not attained profitable operations and are dependent upon obtaining financing to pursue any extensive activities. For these reasons, our auditors stated in their report on our audited financial statements that they have substantial doubt that we will be able to continue as a going concern without further financing.

Future Financing

We may continue to rely on equity sales of our common shares in order to continue to fund our business operations. Issuances of additional shares will result in dilution to existing stockholders. There is no assurance that we will achieve any additional sales of the equity securities or arrange for debt or other financing to fund planned acquisitions and exploration activities.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We have no significant off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that are material to stockholders.

Contractual Obligations

We are a smaller reporting company as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and are not required to provide the information under this item.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

In February 2013, the FASB issued authoritative guidance on the reporting of reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income. The guidance requires an entity to present, either on the face of the statement where net income is presented or in the notes, significant amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income by the respective line items of net income if the amount is reclassified to net income in its entirety in the same reporting period. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2012, with early adoption permitted. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material effect on the Company's financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

The Company has implemented all new accounting pronouncements that are in effect. These pronouncements did not have any material impact on the financial statements unless otherwise disclosed, and the Company does not believe that there are any other new accounting pronouncements that have been issued that might have a material impact on its financial position or results of operations.

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