Search the web
Welcome, Guest
[Sign Out, My Account]
EDGAR_Online

Quotes & Info
Enter Symbol(s):
e.g. YHOO, ^DJI
Symbol Lookup | Financial Search
TMNG > SEC Filings for TMNG > Form 10-K on 29-Mar-2013All Recent SEC Filings

Show all filings for MANAGEMENT NETWORK GROUP INC | Request a Trial to NEW EDGAR Online Pro

Form 10-K for MANAGEMENT NETWORK GROUP INC


29-Mar-2013

Annual Report


ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Statements included in this discussion that are not statements of current or historical information may constitute forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements of plans and objectives, statements of future economic performance or financial projections, statements of assumptions underlying such statements, and statements of the Company's or management's intentions, hopes, beliefs, expectations or predictions of the future. Forward-looking statements can often be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology, such as "will be," "should," "could," "plan," "estimate," "intend," "continue," "believe," "may," "expect," "hope," "anticipate," "goal" or "forecast," variations thereof or similar expressions. Certain risks and uncertainties could cause actual results to differ materially from those reflected in such forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause a difference include, but are not limited to, conditions in the industry sectors that we serve (including the delay of client decisions on proposals and project opportunities along with scope reduction of existing projects), overall economic and business conditions (including the conditions in the credit markets and general economic conditions), our ability to retain the limited number of large clients that constitute a major portion of our revenues, technological advances and competitive factors in the markets in which we compete, and the factors identified in the Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Information in Part I of this report. Other factors that we have not identified in this document could also have this effect. All forward-looking statements made in this Annual Report on Form 10-K are made as of the date hereof. We will not necessarily update the information in this Annual Report on Form 10-K if any forward-looking statement later turns out to be inaccurate.

We report our financial data on a 52/53-week fiscal year for reporting purposes. Fiscal years 2012 and 2011 were both composed of 52 weeks. For further discussion of our fiscal year end see Item 8, "Consolidated Financial Statements," Note 1 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements, "Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies," contained herein.

OVERVIEW

Included in Item 1, "Business" is discussion that includes a general overview of our Business, Market Overview, Business Strategy, Services and Competition. The purpose of this executive overview is to complement the qualitative discussion of the Business from Item 1.

TMNG is among the leading providers of professional services and technical solutions to the global leaders in the communications, digital media, and technology industries. We offer a fully integrated suite of consulting offerings including strategy, organizational development, knowledge management, marketing, operational, and technology consulting services. We have consulting experience with almost all major aspects of managing a global communications company. Our portfolio of solutions includes proprietary methodologies and toolsets, deep industry experience, and hands-on operational expertise and licensed software. These solutions assist clients in tackling complex business problems.

Our global investments in targeting the cable industry have re-positioned us to better serve consolidating telecommunications carriers and the converging global media and entertainment companies. The convergence of communications with media and entertainment, the pace of technological change in the sector, and the consolidation of large telecommunications carriers have required us to focus our strategy on serving our clients in both North America and European markets, continuing to expand our offerings with software products and strengthening our position within the large carriers and media and entertainment companies. Subject to the effects of cyclical economic conditions, our efforts are helping us build what we believe is a more sustainable revenue model over the long-term, which will enable us to expand our global presence. We continue to focus our efforts on identifying, adapting to and capitalizing on the changing dynamics prevalent in the converging communications, media and entertainment industries, as well as providing our wireless and IP services within the communications sector.

Our financial results are affected by macroeconomic conditions, credit market conditions, and the overall level of business confidence. Economic volatility has continued to impact our customer base and has resulted in continued higher levels of unemployment, and significant employee layoffs and reductions in capital and operating expenditures for some of our significant clients in the communications, media and entertainment sectors. We are also experiencing greater pricing pressure and an increased need for enhanced return on investment for projects or added sharing of risk and reward.

Revenues are driven by the ability of our team to secure new project contracts and deliver those projects in a way that adds value to our clients in terms of return on investment or assisting clients to address a need or implement change. For fiscal 2012, revenues decreased 16.0% to $53.0 million from $63.1 million for fiscal 2011, with most of the decline occurring in our North America segment, driven primarily by the completion of a few significant Tier 1 client engagements, a decrease in software licensing revenues and a general reduction in overall project volumes. Our international revenues were approximately 30.6% of total revenues during fiscal 2012 as compared to 27.3% for fiscal 2011. Our revenues are denominated in multiple currencies and may be impacted by currency rate fluctuations.

Generally our client relationships begin with a short-term consulting engagement utilizing a few consultants. Our sales strategy focuses on building long-term relationships with both new and existing clients to gain additional engagements within existing accounts and referrals for new clients. Strategic alliances with other companies are also used to sell services. We anticipate that we will continue to pursue these marketing strategies in the future. The volume of work performed for specific clients may vary from period to period and a major client from one period may not use our services or the same volume of services in another period. In addition, clients generally may end their engagements with little or no penalty or notice. If a client engagement ends earlier than expected, we must re-deploy professional service personnel as any resulting non-billable time could harm margins.

Cost of services consists primarily of compensation for consultants who are employees as well as fees paid to independent contractor organizations and related expense reimbursements. Employee compensation includes certain non-billable time, training, vacation time, benefits and payroll taxes. Gross margins are primarily impacted by the type of consulting services provided; the size of service contracts and negotiated discounts; changes in our pricing policies and those of competitors; utilization rates of consultants and independent subject matter experts; and employee and independent contractor costs, which tend to be higher in a competitive labor market.

Our gross margin was 37.8% for fiscal 2012 compared with 37.0% for fiscal 2011. In general, the most significant items that impact our margins include the mix of project types, utilization of personnel and competitive pricing decisions, including volume discounts. The increase in gross margin is due primarily to reduced delivery costs through the realignment of the cost structure and improved utilization.

Sales and marketing expenses consist primarily of personnel salaries, bonuses, and related costs for direct client sales efforts and marketing staff. We primarily use a relationship sales model in which partners, principals and senior consultants generate revenues. In addition, sales and marketing expenses include costs associated with marketing collateral, product development, trade shows and advertising. General and administrative expenses consist mainly of costs for accounting, recruiting and staffing, information technology, personnel, insurance, rent and outside professional services incurred in the normal course of business.

Selling, general and administrative expenses for fiscal 2012 decreased 21.8% to $21.2 million from $27.1 million for fiscal 2011. Selling, general and administrative expenses also decreased as a percentage of revenues to 39.9% in fiscal 2012 from 42.9% in fiscal 2011. The reduction in selling, general and administrative expenses is due to proactive measures taken by us to lower salary and other personnel related costs and reduce travel and entertainment expenditures during the period to better align our cost structure with our customer base and core revenue generating activities. We continue to evaluate selling, general and administrative expenses to maintain an appropriate cost structure relative to revenue levels.

There was no intangible asset amortization included in operating expenses during fiscal 2012 compared to $0.5 million during fiscal 2011. The decrease in amortization expense was due to the completion of amortization of all intangibles recorded in connection with our acquisitions of Cartesian Ltd and RVA Consulting LLC ("RVA").

We recorded net losses of $1.2 million and $4.4 million for fiscal years 2012 and 2011, respectively. The decrease in the net loss is due to the factors described above. The rate of change in the communications industry, driving convergence of media and telecommunications, consolidation of providers and expanded deployment of wireless capabilities have added both opportunity and uncertainty for our clients. Consolidation within the sector tends to result in increased consolidation of competitors. The supply chain divisions within larger clients, given sector consolidation, also tend to reduce the number of vendors utilized and to negotiate volume programs with select preferred vendors. This activity could result in further price reductions, fewer client projects, under-utilization of consultants, reduced operating margins and loss of market share. Declines in our revenues can have a significant impact on our financial results. Although we have a flexible cost base comprised primarily of employee and related costs, there is a lag in time required to scale the business appropriately if revenues are reduced. In addition, our future revenues and operating results may fluctuate from quarter to quarter based on the number, size and scope of projects in which we are engaged, the contractual terms and degree of completion of such projects, any delays incurred in connection with a project, consultant utilization rates, general economic conditions and other factors.

Cash and cash equivalents decreased by $1.1 million during fiscal 2012 primarily due to operating activities, including negative cash flow from the results of operations (after adding back non-cash items to our net loss and before changes in working capital) of $0.3 million and negative changes in working capital of $0.6 million. The changes in working capital during fiscal 2012 were primarily due to an increase in accounts receivable. During fiscal 2011, cash and cash equivalents increased by $6.5 million primarily as a result of our sale of $5.9 million of long-term investments in auction rate securities. Cash flows provided by operating activities were $1.3 million during fiscal year 2011, including negative cash flow from the results of operations (after adding back non-cash items to our net loss and before changes in working capital) of $2.5 million offset by positive changes in working capital of $3.8 million. The changes in working capital during fiscal 2011 were primarily the result of a decrease in accounts receivable. At December 29, 2012, we had working capital of approximately $18.2 million. Working capital decreased by $0.6 million from December 31, 2011 primarily due to operating losses.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Our significant accounting policies are summarized in Note 1 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 "Consolidated Financial Statements" of this report.

While the selection and application of any accounting policy may involve some level of subjective judgments and estimates, we believe the following accounting policies are the most critical to our consolidated financial statements, potentially involve the most subjective judgments in their selection and application, and are the most susceptible to uncertainties and changing conditions:

Impairment of Goodwill and Long-lived Assets;

Revenue Recognition;

Accounting for Income Taxes; and

Research and Development and Software Development Costs.

Impairment of Goodwill and Long-lived Assets - As of December 29, 2012, we had $8.2 million in goodwill, which is subject to periodic review for impairment. FASB ASC 350 " Intangibles-Goodwill and Other " requires an evaluation of indefinite-lived intangible assets and goodwill annually and whenever events or circumstances indicate that such assets may be impaired. The evaluation is conducted at the reporting unit level and compares the calculated fair value of the reporting unit to its book value to determine whether impairment has been deemed to occur. As of December 29, 2012, we have approximately $4.0 million and $4.2 million in goodwill allocated to the North America Telecom and EMEA reporting units, respectively. Any impairment charge would be based on the most recent estimates of the recoverability of the recorded goodwill. If the remaining book value assigned to goodwill in an acquisition is higher than the estimated fair value of the reporting unit, there is a requirement to write down these assets.

Fair value of our reporting units is determined using a combination of the income approach and the market approach. The income approach uses a reporting unit's projection of estimated cash flows discounted using a weighted-average cost of capital analysis that reflects current market conditions. We also consider the market approach to valuing our reporting units utilizing revenue and EBITDA multiples. We compare the results of our overall enterprise valuation as determined by the combination of the two approaches to our market capitalization. Based on the results of the annual step one impairment test, management concluded that there was no impairment of goodwill during fiscal years 2012 and 2011. As of the date of the annual impairment test for fiscal year 2012, the fair values of our North America Telecom and EMEA reporting units exceeded their carrying value by 95% and 32%, respectively.

The following describes the significant management judgments related to these approaches and includes a sensitivity analysis with respect to those judgments (provided that a sensitivity analysis is not included for the North America Telecom reporting unit due to the magnitude of the relative amount of fair value over carrying value):

Anticipated future cash flows and terminal value for each reporting unit - The income approach to determining fair value relies on the timing and estimates of future cash flows, including an estimate of terminal value. The projections use management's estimates of economic and market conditions over the projected period including growth rates in revenues and estimates of expected changes in operating margins. Our projections of future cash flows are subject to change as actual results are achieved that differ from those anticipated. Because management frequently updates its projections, we would expect to identify on a timely basis any significant differences between actual results and recent estimates. A 10% decrease in estimated future cash flows used by us in our analysis would reduce the fair value of the EMEA reporting unit by approximately 5%.

Selection of an appropriate discount rate - The income approach requires the selection of an appropriate discount rate, which is based on a weighted average cost of capital analysis. The discount rate is affected by changes in short-term interest rates and long-term yield as well as variances in the typical capital structure of marketplace participants. The discount rate is determined based on assumptions that would be used by marketplace participants, and for that reason, the capital structure of selected marketplace participants was used in the weighted average cost of capital analysis. Given the current volatile economic conditions, it is possible that the discount rate will fluctuate in the near term. A 1% increase in the discount rate would reduce the fair value of the EMEA reporting unit by approximately 3%.

Selection of an appropriate multiple - The market approach requires the selection of an appropriate multiple to apply to revenues or EBITDA based on comparable guideline company or transaction multiples. It is often difficult to identify companies or transactions with a similar profile in regards to revenue, geographic operations, risk profile and other factors. Given the current volatile economic conditions, it is possible that multiples of guideline companies will fluctuate in the near term. A decrease of 10% of the revenue and EBITDA multiples applied in our analysis would reduce the fair value of the EMEA reporting unit by approximately 5%.

In accordance with FASB ASC 360, "Property, Plant and Equipment," we use our best estimates based upon reasonable and supportable assumptions and projections to review for impairment of long-lived assets to be held and used whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of our assets might not be recoverable.

Revenue Recognition - We recognize revenues from time and materials consulting contracts in the period in which our services are performed. We recognized $19.5 million and $29.1 million in revenues from time and materials contracts during fiscal years 2012 and 2011, respectively. In addition to time and materials contracts, our other types of contracts include fixed fee contracts. We recognize revenues on milestone or deliverables-based fixed fee contracts and time and materials contracts not to exceed contract price using the percentage of completion-like method described by FASB ASC 605-35, "Revenue Recognition - Construction-Type and Production-Type Contracts". For fixed fee contracts where services are not based on providing deliverables or achieving milestones, we recognize revenues on a straight-line basis over the period during which such services are expected to be performed. During the fiscal years 2012 and 2011, we recognized $33.5 million and $34.0 million, respectively, in revenues on fixed fee contracts. In connection with some fixed fee contracts, we receive payments from customers that exceed recognized revenues. We record the excess of receipts from customers over recognized revenue as deferred revenue. Deferred revenue is classified as a current liability to the extent it is expected to be earned within twelve months from the date of the balance sheet.

We also develop, install and support customer software in addition to our traditional consulting services. We recognize revenues in connection with our software sales agreements under FASB ASC 985-605, utilizing the percentage of completion-like method described in FASB ASC 605-35. These agreements include software right-to-use licenses ("RTU's") and related customization and implementation services. Due to the long-term nature of software implementation and the extensive software customization based on normal customer specific requirements, both the RTU's and implementation services are treated as a single element for revenue recognition purposes.

The FASB ASC 605-35 percentage-of-completion-like methodology involves recognizing revenue using the percentage of services completed, on a current cumulative cost to total cost basis, using a reasonably consistent profit margin over the period. Due to the longer term nature of these projects, developing the estimates of costs often requires significant judgment. Factors that must be considered in estimating the progress of work completed and ultimate cost of the projects include, but are not limited to, the availability of labor and labor productivity, the nature and complexity of the work to be performed, and the impact of delayed performance. If changes occur in delivery, productivity or other factors used in developing the estimates of costs or revenues, we revise our cost and revenue estimates, which may result in increases or decreases in revenues and costs, and such revisions are reflected in income in the period in which the facts that give rise to that revision become known.

In addition to the professional services related to the customization and implementation of software, we also provide post-contract support ("PCS") services, including technical support and maintenance services. For those contracts that include PCS service arrangements which are not essential to the functionality of the software solution, we separate the FASB ASC 605-35 software services and PCS services utilizing the multiple-element arrangement model prescribed by FASB ASC 605-25, "Revenue Recognition - Multiple-Element Arrangements". FASB ASC 605-25 addresses the accounting treatment for an arrangement to provide the delivery or performance of multiple products and/or services where the delivery of a product or system or performance of services may occur at different points in time or over different periods of time. We utilize FASB ASC 605-25 to separate the PCS service elements and allocate total contract consideration to the contract elements based on the relative fair value of those elements utilizing PCS renewal terms as evidence of fair value. Revenues from PCS services are recognized ratably on a straight-line basis over the term of the support and maintenance agreement.

Accounting for Income Taxes - Accounting for income taxes requires significant estimates and judgments on the part of management. Such estimates and judgments include, but are not limited to, the effective tax rate anticipated to apply to tax differences that are expected to reverse in the future, the sufficiency of taxable income in future periods to realize the benefits of net deferred tax assets and net operating losses currently recorded and the likelihood that tax positions taken in tax returns will be sustained on audit. We account for income taxes in accordance with FASB ASC 740 "Income Taxes." As required by FASB ASC 740, we record deferred tax assets or liabilities based on differences between financial reporting and tax basis of assets and liabilities using currently enacted rates that will be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse. FASB ASC 740 also requires that deferred tax assets be reduced by a valuation allowance if it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax asset will not be realized. As of December 29, 2012, cumulative valuation allowances in the amount of $32.2 million were recorded in connection with the net deferred income tax assets. As required by FASB ASC 740, we have performed a comprehensive review of our portfolio of uncertain tax positions in accordance with recognition standards established by the guidance. Pursuant to FASB ASC 740, an uncertain tax position represents our expected treatment of a tax position taken in a filed tax return, or planned to be taken in a future tax return, that has not been reflected in measuring income tax expense for financial reporting purposes. As of December 29, 2012, we have no recorded liability for unrecognized tax benefits.

We have generated substantial deferred income tax assets related to our domestic operations, and to a lesser extent our international operations, primarily from the accelerated financial statement write-off of goodwill, the charge to compensation expense taken for stock options and net operating losses. Within our foreign operations, mostly domiciled within the United Kingdom, we have generated deferred tax assets primarily from the charge to compensation expense for stock options and operating losses. For us to realize the income tax benefit of these assets in the applicable jurisdiction, we must generate sufficient taxable income in future periods when such deductions are allowed for income tax purposes. In some cases where deferred taxes were the result of compensation expense recognized on stock options, our ability to realize the income tax benefit of these assets is also dependent on our share price increasing to a point where these options have intrinsic value at least equal to the grant date fair value and are exercised. In assessing whether a valuation allowance is needed in connection with our deferred income tax assets, we have evaluated our ability to generate sufficient taxable income in future periods to utilize the benefit of the deferred income tax assets. We continue to evaluate our ability to use recorded deferred income tax asset balances. If we continue to report domestic or international operating losses for financial reporting in future years in either our domestic or international operations, no additional tax benefit would be recognized for those losses, since we will not have accumulated enough positive evidence to support our ability to utilize net operating loss carry-forwards in the future.

International operations have become a significant part of our business. As part of the process of preparing our financial statements, we are required to estimate our income taxes in each of the jurisdictions in which we operate. We utilize a "cost plus fixed margin" transfer pricing methodology as it relates to inter-company charges for headquarters support services performed by our domestic entities on behalf of various foreign affiliates. The judgments and estimates used are subject to challenge by domestic and foreign taxing authorities. It is possible that such authorities could challenge those judgments and estimates and draw conclusions that would cause us to incur liabilities in excess of those currently recorded. We use an estimate of our annual effective tax rate at each interim period based upon the facts and circumstances available at that time, while the actual annual effective tax rate is calculated at year-end. Changes in the geographical mix or estimated amount of annual pre-tax income could impact our overall effective tax rate.

Research and Development and Software Development Costs - Software development costs are accounted for in accordance with FASB ASC 985-20, " Software - Costs of Software to Be Sold, Leased, or Marketed ." Capitalization of software development costs for products to be sold to third parties begins upon the establishment of technological feasibility and ceases when the product is available for general release. The establishment of technological feasibility and the ongoing assessment of recoverability of capitalized software development costs require considerable judgment by management concerning certain external factors including, but not limited to, the date technological feasibility is reached, anticipated future gross revenue, estimated economic life and changes in software and hardware technologies. We capitalize development costs incurred during the period between the establishment of technological feasibility and the release of the final product to customers if such costs are material. During fiscal years 2012 and 2011, $499,000 and $569,000, respectively, of these costs were expensed as incurred. No software development costs were capitalized during either fiscal year 2012 or 2011.

RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

In June 2011, the FASB issued ASU 2011-05,Presentation of Comprehensive Income, which revises the manner in which entities present comprehensive income in their financial statements by removing the existing options available for the presentation of comprehensive income but rather requiring comprehensive income to be reported in either a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in a two statement presentation format that would highlight the components of income as the first statement and then a separate but yet consecutive statement presenting the components and totals of comprehensive income. In December 2011, the FASB issued ASU 2011-12, Deferral of the Effective Date for Amendments to . . .

  Add TMNG to Portfolio     Set Alert         Email to a Friend  
Get SEC Filings for Another Symbol: Symbol Lookup
Quotes & Info for TMNG - All Recent SEC Filings
Sign Up for a Free Trial to the NEW EDGAR Online Pro
Detailed SEC, Financial, Ownership and Offering Data on over 12,000 U.S. Public Companies.
Actionable and easy-to-use with searching, alerting, downloading and more.
Request a Trial Sign Up Now


Copyright © 2014 Yahoo! Inc. All rights reserved. Privacy Policy - Terms of Service
SEC Filing data and information provided by EDGAR Online, Inc. (1-800-416-6651). All information provided "as is" for informational purposes only, not intended for trading purposes or advice. Neither Yahoo! nor any of independent providers is liable for any informational errors, incompleteness, or delays, or for any actions taken in reliance on information contained herein. By accessing the Yahoo! site, you agree not to redistribute the information found therein.