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HNSN > SEC Filings for HNSN > Form 10-K on 18-Mar-2013All Recent SEC Filings

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Annual Report


Except for the historical information contained herein, the matters discussed in this "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations," and elsewhere in this Form 10-K are forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. These forward-looking statements include, among others, statements regarding our strategies and expectations regarding, our future revenues, cost of revenues and other expenses and losses. The factors listed in Item 1A "Risk Factors," as well as any cautionary language in this Form 10-K, provide examples of risks, uncertainties and events that may cause our actual results to differ materially from those projected. Except as may be required by law, we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events after the date of this report.


The following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and the related notes thereto included elsewhere in this annual report on Form 10-K.

We develop, manufacture and sell a new generation of medical robotics designed for accurate positioning, manipulation and stable control of catheters and catheter-based technologies. Our Sensei™ Robotic Catheter System, or Sensei system, is designed to allow physicians to instinctively navigate flexible catheters with solid stability and control in interventional procedures. Our Magellan™ Robotic System is designed to allow physicians to instinctively navigate flexible catheters in the vasculature. We believe our systems and the corresponding disposable catheters will enable physicians to perform procedures that historically have been too difficult or time consuming to accomplish routinely with manually-controlled, hand-held catheters and catheter-based technologies, or that we believe could be accomplished only by the most skilled physicians. We believe that our systems have the potential to benefit patients, physicians, hospitals and third-party payors by improving outcomes and permitting complex procedures to be performed interventionally.

We were formerly known as Autocath, Inc. and were incorporated in Delaware on September 23, 2002. In March 2007, we established Hansen Medical UK Ltd, a wholly-owned subsidiary located in the United Kingdom and, in May 2007, we established Hansen Medical Deutschland, GmbH, a wholly-owned subsidiary located in Germany. Since inception, we have devoted the majority of our resources to the development and commercialization of our Sensei system and Magellan Robotic System. To date, we have incurred net losses in each year since our inception and, as of December 31, 2012, we had an accumulated deficit of $296.9 million. We expect our losses to continue through at least 2013 as we continue to expand the commercialization of our Sensei system, our Magellan Robotic System and our catheters and continue to develop new products. We have financed our operations primarily through the sale of public and private equity securities, the issuance of debt, partnering and the licensing of intellectual property.

We received CE Mark approval for our Sensei system in the fourth quarter of 2006 and made our first commercial shipments to the European Union in the first quarter of 2007. In May 2007, we received CE Mark approval for our Artisan Control Catheter and also received FDA clearance for the marketing of our Sensei system and Artisan catheter for manipulation, positioning and control of certain mapping catheters during electrophysiology procedures. As a result, we recorded our first revenues in the second quarter of 2007. We received CE Mark for our Lynx®catheter in July 2010. In July 2011, we received CE Mark for our Magellan Robotic System and in October 2011 received a CE Mark for the Magellan™ Robotic Catheter and related accessories designed for use with the Magellan Robotic System. We received FDA clearance for the marketing of our Magellan Robotic System including the catheter and accessories in June 2012. We received FDA clearance for our Artisan Extend Control Catheter in August 2012 and a CE Mark for our Artisan Extend Control Catheter in December 2012.

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We market our products in the United States primarily through a direct sales force of regional sales employees, supported by clinical account managers who provide training, clinical support and other services to our customers. Outside the United States, primarily in the European Union, we use a combination of a direct sales force and distributors to market, sell and support our products.

In November 2009, we entered into agreements with Philips Medical Systems Nederland B.V., a Philips Healthcare company, or Philips, to co-develop integrated products. In December 2009, we entered into an extended joint development agreement with Philips. Under the terms of the extended joint development agreement, we have, with support and collaboration from Philips, developed a vascular robotics platform and associated catheters, or Magellan Robotic System. The Magellan Robotic System does not include our Sensei system or any system used for endoluminal, cardiac or other non-vascular procedures. Pursuant to the Agreement, Philips partially funded our development costs based upon our achievement of development milestones for the Magellan Robotic System and will receive royalties based on sales of the Magellan Robotic System subject to caps. In February 2011, we amended the extended joint development agreement. The amendment of the extended joint development agreement increased the amount of funding provided by Philips for the development of the Magellan Robotic System and extended and increased certain royalty fees to be paid to Philips based on sales of the Magellan Robotic System subject to caps. Funding received from Philips under this agreement including $8.0 million received from the original agreement and $6.0 million associated with the amendment in February 2011 was recognized as a reduction to research and development costs ratably as milestones were met through the end of the term of the agreement, which was in October 2011. We will pay Philips royalties based on the number of Magellan Robotic Systems and Magellan Robotic Catheters that are sold, subject to caps, through October 2017.

In February 2011, we entered, directly and through a wholly-owned subsidiary, into patent and technology license, sublicense and purchase agreements with Philips to allow them to develop and commercialize the non-robotic applications of our Fiber Optic Shape Sensing and Localization, or FOSSL, technology. Under the terms of the agreements, Philips has the exclusive right to develop and commercialize the FOSSL technology in the non-robotic vascular, endoluminal and orthopedic fields. Philips also receives non-exclusive rights in other non-robotic medical device fields, but not to any multi-degree of freedom robotic applications. If Philips does not meet certain specified commercialization obligations, we have the rights to re-acquire the licenses granted to Philips for pre-determined payments, which payments in the aggregate would be greater than the upfront payment amounts we received from Philips in connection with the agreements related to the FOSSL technology. The agreement also contains customary representations, warranties and indemnification provisions by each party. Each party may terminate the agreements for material breach by the other party. Philips also has the right to terminate the agreement and its rights under the agreement if we are acquired by a competitor of the relevant business unit of Philips. In connection with the agreements, we received upfront payments of $23.0 million and will be eligible to receive up to an additional $78.0 million in future payments associated with the successful commercialization by Philips or its collaborators of products containing FOSSL technology. Approximately two-thirds of these potential future payments could arise from Philips' sublicensing the FOSSL technology and approximately one-third of the potential future payments are based on Philips' royalty obligations on its sales of products containing the FOSSL technology. We would receive less than half of Philips' proceeds for its sublicensing FOSSL technology, if and following Philips entering into an applicable sublicensing transaction. Philips' FOSSL-related royalty obligations are calculated on a consistent annual basis between 2014 and 2020 and arise in any year only to the extent that Philips achieves a substantial number of commercial placements of FOSSL-enabled products in the calendar year.

In October 2012, we signed an updated license agreement with Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. and Intuitive Surgical, Inc. (collectively, "Intuitive Surgical"), under which Intuitive Surgical paid us a $20 million licensing fee, and a stock purchase agreement to sell 5,291,005 shares of our common stock to Intuitive Surgical for an aggregate purchase price of $10 million. The amendment of the license agreement is an update to the co-exclusive cross license agreement signed by the companies in 2005. Under the terms of the amended agreement, Intuitive Surgical's existing co-exclusive rights to our patent portfolio to certain non-vascular procedures have

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been extended to include patents filed or conceived by us subsequent to the original 2005 agreement up to and including the period three years subsequent to the amendment. We retain the right to use our intellectual property for all clinical applications, both vascular and non-vascular.

Critical Accounting Policies, Estimates and Judgments

We prepare our consolidated financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. In doing so, we have to make estimates and assumptions that affect our reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, as well as related disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities. In many cases, we could reasonably have used different accounting policies and estimates. In some cases, changes in the accounting estimates are reasonably likely to occur from period to period. Accordingly, actual results could differ materially from our estimates. We base our estimates on our past experience and on other assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, and we evaluate these estimates on an ongoing basis. To the extent that there are material differences between these estimates and actual results, our financial condition or results of operations will be affected.

While our significant accounting policies are fully described in Note 2 to our Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, we believe that the following accounting policies and estimates are most critical to a full understanding and evaluation of our reported financial results.

Revenue Recognition

Our revenues are primarily derived from the sale of the Sensei system and the associated catheters as well as the sale of post-contract customer service. Revenues also include sales of our Magellan Robotic System and Magellan Robotic Catheter. Prior to January 1, 2011, as computer software was more than incidental to the functioning of those products, our revenue recognition policy was based on authoritative guidance regarding software revenue recognition. However, in October 2009, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued authoritative guidance related to certain revenue arrangements that include software elements and revenue arrangements with multiple deliverables. This guidance became effective for us beginning January 1, 2011 and changes the way that we account for certain revenue arrangements that include multiple deliverables. In general, the new guidance allows certain elements to be recognized as revenue earlier than under the previous guidance. We adopted the revised guidance through prospective application, wherein all revenue arrangements entered into or materially modified after January 1, 2011 are accounted for under the revised guidance and any revenue arrangements which were entered into prior to January 1, 2011 and for which there is still unrecognized revenue will continue to be accounted for under the previous guidance. The adoption of the new guidance did not result in any change in the units of accounting.

Under our revenue recognition policy, revenues are recognized when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery to the customer has occurred or the services have been fully rendered, the sales price is fixed or determinable and collectability is probable.

• Persuasive Evidence of an Arrangement. Persuasive evidence of an arrangement for sales of Sensei systems is generally determined by a sales contract signed and dated by both the customer and us, including approved terms and conditions and the receipt of an approved purchase order. Evidence of an arrangement for the sale of disposable products is determined through an approved purchase order from the customer. Evidence of an arrangement for the sale of post-contract customer service is determined through either a signed sales contract or an approved purchase order from the customer. Sales to customers are generally not subject to any acceptance, performance, cancellation, termination or return rights.

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• Delivery.

• Systems and Disposable Products. Typically, ownership of systems, catheters and other disposable products passes to customers upon shipment, at which time delivery is deemed to be complete.

• Customer Service Revenue. We recognize customer service revenue from the sale of product maintenance plans. Revenue from customer services, whether sold individually or as a separate unit of accounting in a multi-element arrangement, is deferred and amortized over the service period, which is typically one year.

• Multiple-element Arrangements. Typically, all products and services sold to customers are itemized and priced separately. It is common for the sale of Sensei and Magellan systems to include multiple elements which qualify as separate units of accounting. These elements commonly include the sale of the system and a product maintenance plan, in addition to installation of the system and initial training. Less commonly, these elements may include the sale of certain disposable products or other non-standard terms. Generally, under multiple-element arrangements, the systems are delivered at the beginning of the arrangement along with installation and training and the related revenue is recognized at that time, while the customer service revenue associated with the product maintenance plan is recognized ratably over the service period, which is typically one year. Other elements are recognized once delivered in accordance with contract terms. In arrangements that include multiple elements, we allocate revenue to the various elements based on vendor-specific objective evidence of fair value ("VSOE") of the elements if VSOE exists. VSOE for each element is based on the price for which the item is sold separately, determined based on historical evidence of stand-alone sales of these elements or stated renewal rates for the element. If VSOE does not exist for an element, we allocate revenue based on third-party evidence ("TPE") of selling price for the elements if TPE exists. TPE is the price of our or any competitor's largely interchangeable products or services in standalone sales to similarly-situated customers. If neither VSOE nor TPE exist for a specific element, we allocate revenue to the various elements based on our best estimate of the selling price for that element or estimated selling price ("ESP") using a top-down approach, which takes into account our target prices and overall pricing objectives. In situations where we have delivered certain elements but not delivered other elements, we defer revenue for the undelivered elements after we have allocated revenue to the various elements under the relative selling price method based on VSOE, TPE or ESP, defers revenue for the undelivered elements. Typically, we use VSOE to allocate revenues from the sale of Sensei systems, most disposables and product maintenance plans and ESP to allocate revenues from the sale of Magellan systems as well as installation and training.

• Sales Price Fixed or Determinable. We assess whether the sales price is fixed or determinable at the time of the transaction. Sales prices are documented in the executed sales contract or purchase order received prior to shipment. If a significant portion of the sales price is considered to have extended payment terms, the sales price is accounted for as not being fixed or determinable and revenue is recognized as payments become due. Our standard terms do not allow for contingencies, such as trial or evaluation periods, refundable orders, payments contingent upon the customer obtaining financing or other contingencies which would impact the customer's obligation. In situations where these or other contingencies are included, all related revenue is deferred until the contingency is resolved. In the third quarter of 2012, we began shipping systems under a limited commercial evaluation program to allow certain strategic accounts to install and utilize systems for a limited trial period while the purchase opportunity is being evaluated by the hospital. Systems under this program remain our property and are recorded in inventory and a sale only occurs upon the issuance of a purchase order from the customer.

• Collectability. We assess whether collection is probable based on a number of factors, including the customer's past transaction history and credit worthiness. If collection of the sales price is not deemed

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probable, the revenue is deferred and recognized at the time collection becomes probable, which is usually upon receipt of cash. Our sales contracts generally do not allow the customer the right of cancellation, refund or return, except as provided under our standard warranty. If such rights were allowed, all related revenues would be deferred until such rights expired.

Significant management judgments and estimates are made in connection with the determination of revenue to be recognized and the period in which it is recognized. If different judgments and estimates were utilized, the amount of revenue to be recognized and the period in which it is recognized could differ materially from the amounts reported.

Short-Term Investments

We determine the appropriate classification of investments at the time of purchase and evaluate such designation as of each balance sheet date. We classify all investments with maturities greater than three months at the time of purchase as short-term investments as they are subject to use within one year in current operations. We make investments based on specific guidelines approved by our board of directors with a view to liquidity and capital preservation and regularly review our investments for performance. As of December, 31, 2012, all our investments have been classified as available-for-sale and are carried on the balance sheet at fair value with unrealized gains and losses, if any, included in other comprehensive income within stockholders' equity. Any unrealized losses which are determined to be other than temporary will be included in earnings. Realized gains and losses are recognized on the specific identification method.

We periodically evaluate our investments for impairment. In the event that the carrying value of an investment exceeds its fair value and the decline in fair value is determined to be other than temporary, an impairment charge is recorded and a new cost basis for the investment is established. In order to determine whether a decline in value is other than temporary, we evaluate many factors, including the following: the duration and extent to which the fair value has been less than the carrying value; our financial condition and business outlook, including key operational and cash flow metrics, current market conditions and future trends in the industry; and our intent and ability to retain the investment for a period of time sufficient to allow for any anticipated recovery in fair value. During the third quarter of 2010, we determined that the impairment of our investment in Luna Innovations, Incorporated, common stock was other than temporary. As such, we permanently wrote down the value of that investment and recorded a loss of $1,926,000 in other expense on the consolidated statement of operations. In the fourth quarter of 2011, we further permanently wrote down the value of the Luna investment and recorded an additional loss of $337,000 in other expense on the consolidated statement of operations. Significant management judgment is required in determining whether an other-than-temporary decline in the fair value of an investment exists. Changes in our assessment of the valuation of our investments could materially impact our future operating results and financial position.


We record inventory, which includes material, labor and overhead costs, at standard cost, which approximates actual cost, determined on a first-in, first-out basis, not in excess of market value. We record reserves, when necessary, to reduce the carrying value of excess or obsolete inventories to their net realizable value. These reserves are based on our best estimates after considering projected future demand. In the event that actual demand for our inventory differs from our best estimates or we fail to receive the necessary regulatory approvals, increases to inventory reserves may become necessary.

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

We evaluate the recoverability of our long-lived assets in accordance with authoritative accounting guidance. When events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of long-lived assets may not be recoverable, we recognize such impairment if the net book value of such assets exceeds the future undiscounted cash flows attributable to such assets. Should an impairment exist, the impairment loss would be

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measured based on the excess carrying value of the asset over the asset's fair value or discounted estimates of future cash flows attributable to the assets. As of December 31, 2012, we had $6.0 million of property and equipment, net. If estimates or the related assumptions change in the future, we may record impairment charges to reduce the carrying value of certain groups of these assets. Changes in the valuation of long-lived assets could materially impact our operating results and financial position.

Stock-Based Compensation

Under the fair value recognition provisions of authoritative guidance related to stock-based compensation, stock-based payment expense is estimated at the grant date based on the fair value of the award and is recognized as expense ratably over the requisite service period of the award. The recording of compensation expense related to stock-based awards is significant to our financial statements but does not result in the payment of cash by us. Determining the appropriate fair value model used to calculate the fair value of stock-based awards requires significant management judgment. Additionally, the calculation of the fair value of stock-based awards requires us to make significant estimates and judgments, including the expected volatility, the expected term of the award and the forfeiture rate. If we had chosen a different fair value model or made different estimates in the calculation of fair value, the amount or timing of stock-based compensation recorded could have differed materially from the amounts reported.

We have selected the Black-Scholes option pricing model as the most appropriate method for determining the estimated fair value for our stock-based awards. The Black-Scholes model requires the use of highly subjective and complex assumptions in determining the fair value of stock-based awards, including the expected volatility of the underlying stock, the award's expected term and the forfeiture rate.

• Expected Volatility. Our estimate of volatility is based on the historical volatilities of our stock price.

• Expected Term. We estimate the expected term based on our historical settlement experience related to vesting and contractual terms while giving consideration to awards that have life cycles less than the contractual terms and vesting schedules in accordance with authoritative guidance.

• Forfeiture Rate. We estimate our forfeiture rate based on our historical experience and revise these estimates in future periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates.

To the extent that future evidence regarding these variables is available and provides estimates that we determine are more indicative of actual trends, we may refine or change our approach to deriving these input estimates. These changes could significantly impact the stock-based compensation expense recorded in the future.

We account for compensation expense related to stock-based awards to non-employees in accordance with authoritative guidance. We record the expense of such services based on the estimated fair value of the award using the Black-Scholes pricing model. The value of the award is recognized as expense ratably over the requisite service period of the award.

Loss Contingencies

We evaluate potential loss contingencies as circumstances dictate. Should a specific loss contingency meet the definition of a liability under authoritative accounting guidance, we would record a loss and a liability. As of December 31, 2012, we had not recorded any loss contingencies as liabilities. However, if estimates and assumptions change in the future, we may record charges to our financial statements. This could materially impact our operating results and financial position.

Net Operating Loss Carryforwards

We make certain judgments and estimates in determining and valuing deferred tax assets. These judgments arise from differences in timing of recognizing certain expenses for tax purposes and in the calculation of credit and net operating loss carryforwards.

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At December 31, 2012, we had federal and state net operating loss carryforwards of approximately $195.1 million and $169.0 million, respectively. At December 31, 2011, we had federal and California net operating loss carryforwards of approximately $179.1 million and $162.8 million, respectively. These net operating loss carryforwards will expire in varying amounts from 2012 through 2032 if not utilized. We maintained a full valuation allowance against our deferred tax asset totaling $109.0 million and $103.1 million at December 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The determination to maintain an allowance is highly subjective. The factors we considered in making this determination include, but are not limited to (i) our historical cumulative net losses, after adjustment for permanent tax differences, over the previous five years through 2012; (ii) our dependence on continued high growth rates in achieving forecasted profitability; (iii) operation in an industry subject to rapid technological changes; and (iv) the unknown impact of current negative macroeconomic factors on our forecasted results of operations. Based on our consideration of these factors, we believe there is sufficient uncertainty regarding our ability to generate future taxable income. We will retain a full valuation allowance until such time that we determine it is more likely than not that we will recognize the benefit of the deferred tax assets. Throughout 2013, we will continually evaluate these, and other, factors, and the impact any . . .

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