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IEP > SEC Filings for IEP > Form 10-K on 15-Mar-2013All Recent SEC Filings

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Form 10-K for ICAHN ENTERPRISES L.P.


15-Mar-2013

Annual Report


Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results
of Operations.
The following discussion is intended to assist you in understanding our present business and the results of operations together with our present financial condition. This section should be read in conjunction with our Consolidated Financial Statements and the accompanying notes contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012 ("Report"). Overview
Introduction
Icahn Enterprises L.P. ("Icahn Enterprises") is a master limited partnership formed in Delaware on February 17, 1987. Icahn Enterprises Holdings L.P. ("Icahn Enterprises Holdings") is a limited partnership formed in Delaware on February 17, 1987. References to "Company," "we," "our" or "us" herein include both Icahn Enterprises and Icahn Enterprises Holdings and their subsidiaries, unless the context otherwise requires.
Icahn Enterprises owns a 99% limited partner interest in Icahn Enterprises Holdings. Icahn Enterprises G.P. Inc. ("Icahn Enterprises GP"), which is owned and controlled by Mr. Carl C. Icahn, owns a 1% general partner interest in each of Icahn Enterprises and Icahn Enterprises Holdings. Icahn Enterprises Holdings and its subsidiaries own substantially all of our assets and liabilities and conduct substantially all of our operations. Therefore, the financial results of Icahn Enterprises and Icahn Enterprises Holdings are substantially the same, with differences relating primarily to debt, as discussed further in Note 11, "Debt," to the consolidated financial statements, and to the allocation of the general partner interest, which is reflected as an aggregate 1.99% general partner interest in the financial statements of Icahn Enterprises. In addition to the above, Mr. Icahn and his affiliates owned 97,764,251, or approximately 93.2%, of Icahn Enterprises' outstanding depositary units as of December 31, 2012.
We are a diversified holding company owning subsidiaries currently engaged in the following continuing operating businesses: Investment, Automotive, Energy, Gaming, Railcar, Food Packaging, Metals, Real Estate and Home Fashion. We also report the results of our Holding Company, which includes the results of certain subsidiaries of Icahn Enterprises and Icahn Enterprises Holdings (unless otherwise noted), and investment activity and expenses associated with the Holding Company.
Equity Offerings
In connection with a certain rights offering consummated during the first quarter of the year ending December 31, 2012, we distributed an aggregate 13,590,238 additional depositary units to unitholders that subscribed to the basic subscription rights and the over-subscription rights and we received proceeds of $500 million. Of these additional depositary units distributed pursuant to the rights offering, Mr. Icahn and his affiliates received 12,995,584 additional depositary units.
See Note 14, "Net Income Per LP Unit-Rights Offering," to the consolidated financial statements for additional information regarding the rights offering. On February 28, 2013, Icahn Enterprises entered into an underwriting agreement (the "Underwriting Agreement") with Jefferies & Company, Inc. (the "Underwriter"), providing for the issuance and purchase of an aggregate of 3,174,604 depositary units representing limited partner interests in Icahn Enterprises at a price to the public of $63.00 per depositary unit (the "Equity Offering"). The depositary units were delivered to the unitholders on March 6, 2013, raising $193 million, after deducting underwriting discounts, commissions and other offering related fees and expenses. In connection with this offering, our general partner made an aggregate contribution of $4 million to Icahn Enterprises and Icahn Enterprises Holdings in order to maintain its aggregate 1.99% general partner interest in Icahn Enterprises and Icahn Enterprises Holdings.
As a result of the newly issued shares in connection with the equity offering discussed above, Mr. Icahn and his affiliates owned approximately 90.5% of the Icahn Enterprises' outstanding depositary units as of the date of this Report. See Note 20, "Subsequent Events-Equity Offering," to the notes of the consolidated financial statements for further discussion. Debt Offerings
On January 17, 2012, February 6, 2012 and July 12, 2012, we issued an aggregate $1,000 million principal amount of the 8% Senior Unsecured Notes due 2018 (such notes are collectively referred to as the "2012 Additional Notes"). The 2012 Additional Notes constitute the same series of securities as the 8% Senior Unsecured Notes due 2018 for purposes of the indenture governing the notes and will vote together on all matters with such series. The 2012 Additional Notes have substantially identical terms as the 8% Senior Unsecured Notes due 2018. (The 8% Senior Unsecured Notes due 2018 together with the Senior Unsecured Notes due 2016 are collectively referred to as the "Initial Notes".) See Note 11, "Debt," for further discussion.


Acquisition of CVR Energy, Inc.
On April 18, 2012, IEP Energy LLC ("IEP Energy") a majority owned subsidiary of Icahn Enterprises, and certain other affiliates of Icahn Enterprises (or collectively, the IEP Parties), entered into a Transaction Agreement ("Transaction Agreement") with CVR Energy, Inc. ("CVR"), with respect to IEP Energy's tender offer (the "Offer") to purchase all of the issued and outstanding shares of CVR's common stock for a price of $30 per share in cash, without interest, less any applicable withholding taxes, plus one non-transferable contingent cash payment right for each share of CVR common stock (the "CCP"), which represents the contractual right to receive an additional cash payment per share if a definitive agreement for the sale of CVR is executed on or prior to August 18, 2013 and such transaction closes. The Offer expired on May 4, 2012. On May 7, 2012, we announced the results of the Offer. A total of 48,112,317 shares of CVR common stock were validly tendered for $30 per share plus a contingent value right. As all of the terms and conditions of the Offer had been satisfied, IEP Energy accepted for payment all of the tendered shares, which represented approximately 55% of the outstanding shares of CVR common stock. Following the purchase of these shares, the IEP Parties owned approximately 70% of the outstanding shares of CVR common stock. Subsequent to the expiration of the Offer on May 4, 2012, IEP Energy extended the Offer through May 18, 2012. As a result of the extension of the Offer and subsequent additional purchases of CVR common stock by IEP Energy, the IEP Parties increased their ownership in CVR.
On May 7, 2012, affiliates of Mr. Icahn contributed 4,566,546 shares of CVR common stock to IEP Energy with an aggregate value of $137 million, resulting in a 6.4% non-controlling interest in IEP Energy. Pursuant to a contribution and exchange agreement dated August 24, 2012, affiliates of Mr. Icahn contributed their their interest in IEP Energy to us for an aggregate consideration of 3,288,371 of Icahn Enterprises' depositary units based on a 20 trading-day volume weighted average price of Icahn Enterprises' depositary units. This transaction was approved by the Audit Committee of the board of directors of Icahn Enterprises GP. The Audit Committee was advised by independent counsel and an independent financial advisor which rendered a fairness opinion. As of December 31, 2012, we directly owned approximately 82.0% of total outstanding common stock of CVR.
Initial Public Offering of CVR Refining, LP On January 23, 2013, the Refining Partnership completed its initial public offering of its common units representing limited partner interests (the "Refining Partnership IPO"). The Refining Partnership sold 24,000,000 common units at a price of $25.00 per unit, resulting in gross proceeds of $600.0 million, before giving effect to underwriting discounts and other offering expenses. Of the common units issued, 4,000,000 units were purchased by a wholly owned subsidiary of Icahn Enterprises. Additionally, on January 30, 2013, the underwriters closed their option to purchase an additional 3,600,000 common units at a price of $25.00 per common unit, resulting in gross proceeds of $90.0 million, before giving effect to underwriting discounts and other offering costs. See Note 20, "Subsequent Events-Energy," to the consolidated financial statements for further discussion.
Automotive
In February 2013, the Board of Directors of Federal-Mogul Corporation ("Federal-Mogul") approved evaluation of restructuring opportunities (with a focus on closing or downsizing manufacturing facilities, primarily in Western Europe) in order to improve operating performance. The restructuring is intended to take place from 2013-2015 and the specific details of the plans, including the impacted facilities, are not yet finalized and subject to Board review.

Results of Operations
Consolidated Financial Results
The following table summarizes total revenues, net income (loss) from continuing operations and net income (loss) from continuing operations attributable to Icahn Enterprises for each of our reporting segments and our Holding Company for the years ended December 31, 2012, 2011 and 2010. Eliminations relate to the unrealized gains recorded by our Investment segment for its investment in Tropicana from the date of its acquisition of a controlling interest in Tropicana through the date that its investment in Tropicana was transferred to us. Refer to Note 4, "Operating Units," to the consolidated financial statements for further discussion.


                                                                                                          Net Income (Loss) From Continuing Operations Attributable
                             Revenues                   Net Income (Loss) From Continuing Operations                        to Icahn Enterprises
                      Year Ended December 31,                     Year Ended December 31,                                  Year Ended December 31,
                   2012         2011        2010           2012               2011             2010            2012                   2011                 2010
                                                                                   (in millions)
Investment      $    398     $  1,896     $   887     $       372         $   1,844         $    840     $      157             $      873             $       348
Automotive         6,677        6,937       6,239             (22 )             168              160            (24 )                  121                     116
Energy(1)          5,519            -           -             338                 -                -            263                      -                       -
Gaming(2)            611          624          78              30                24               (1 )           21                     13                       1
Railcar              657          514         270              57                 4              (27 )           29                      2                     (15 )
Food Packaging       341          338         317               6                 6               14              4                      4                      10
Metals             1,103        1,096         725             (58 )               6                4            (58 )                    6                       4
Real Estate           88           90          90              19                18                8             19                     18                       8
Home Fashion         231          325         431             (27 )             (66 )            (62 )          (27 )                  (56 )                   (42 )
Holding Company       29           36          57              12              (226 )           (170 )           12                   (226 )                  (222 )
Eliminations           -          (14 )       (22 )             -               (14 )            (22 )            -                     (5 )                    (8 )
                $ 15,654     $ 11,842     $ 9,072     $       727         $   1,764         $    744     $      396             $      750             $       200

(1) We consolidated CVR effective May 4, 2012.

(2) We consolidated Tropicana effective November 15, 2010.

Icahn Enterprises Holdings
Due to the structure of our business, the consolidated results of operations for
Icahn Enterprises and Icahn Enterprises Holding are substantially the same.
Differences primarily relate to non-cash portions of interest expense, and are
only reflected in the results of operations for our Holding Company. The
following table summarizes total revenues, net income (loss) from continuing
operations and net income (loss) from continuing operations attributable to
Icahn Enterprises Holdings for our Holding Company and the consolidated totals
with respect to Icahn Enterprises Holdings for the years ended December 31,
2012, 2011 and 2010.
                                                                                               Net Income (Loss) From Continuing
                                                        Net Income (Loss) From Continuing      Operations Attributable to Icahn
                              Revenues                              Operations                       Enterprises Holdings
                      Year Ended December 31,                Year Ended December 31,                Year Ended December 31,
                   2012          2011        2010          2012          2011        2010         2012         2011       2010
                                                                  (in millions)
Holding Company $      29     $     36     $    58     $        13     $  (225 )   $ (167 )   $       13     $ (225 )   $  (219 )
Consolidated    $  15,654     $ 11,842     $ 9,073     $       728     $ 1,765     $  747     $      397     $  751     $   203

Overview
Our operating businesses are managed on a decentralized basis. Due to the structure of our business, we discuss the results of operations below by individual reportable segments. Refer to Note 4, "Operating Units," to the consolidated financial statements for a description of each of our reporting segments and Note 15, "Segment and Geographic Reporting," for a reconciliation of each of our reporting segment's results of operations to our consolidated results.

Investment
Icahn Onshore LP (the "Onshore GP") and Icahn Offshore LP (the "Offshore GP" and, together with the Onshore GP, the "General Partners") act as general partner of Icahn Partners LP (the "Onshore Fund") and the Offshore Master Funds (as defined herein). The General Partners do not provide such services to any other entities, individuals or accounts. Interests in the Investment Funds (as defined below) are not offered to outside investors. Interests in the Investment Funds had been previously offered only to certain sophisticated and qualified investors on the basis of exemptions from the registration


requirements of the federal securities laws and were not (and still are not) publicly available. The "Offshore Master Funds" consist of (i) Icahn Partners Master Fund LP, (ii) Icahn Partners Master Fund II LP and (iii) Icahn Partners Master Fund III LP. The Onshore Fund and the Offshore Master Funds are collectively referred to herein as the "Investment Funds." Mr. Icahn, along with his affiliates (excluding Icahn Enterprises and Icahn Enterprises Holdings), makes investments in the Investment Funds. As of December 31, 2012 and 2011, the total fair market value of investments in the Investment Funds made by Mr. Icahn and his affiliates was approximately $3.5 billion and $3.2 billion, respectively.
Incentive Allocations and Special Profits Interest Allocations Historically, our Investment segment's revenues were affected by the combination of fee-paying assets under management, or AUM, and the investment performance of the Investment Funds. The General Partners' incentive allocations and special profits interest allocations earned from the Investment Funds were accrued on a quarterly basis and were allocated to the General Partners at the end of the Investment Funds' fiscal year (or sooner on redemptions) assuming there were sufficient net profits to cover such amounts. As more fully disclosed in a letter to investors in the Investment Funds filed with the SEC on Form 8-K on March 7, 2011, the Investment Funds returned all fee-paying capital to their investors during 2011. Payments were funded through cash on hand and borrowings under existing credit lines. As a result, no further incentive allocations or special profits interest allocations will accrue for periods subsequent to March 31, 2011.
The General Partners waived the special profits interest allocations and incentive allocations for our interests in the Investment Funds and Mr. Icahn's direct and indirect holdings.
We consolidate certain entities within our Investment segment. As a result, in accordance with U.S. GAAP, any special profits interest allocations, incentive allocations and earnings on investments in the Investment Funds are eliminated in consolidation. These eliminations have no impact on our net income; however, our allocated share of the net income from the Investment Funds includes the amount of these allocations and earnings.
As a result of the return of fee-paying capital as described above, a special profits interest allocation of $9 million was allocated to the General Partners at March 31, 2011. No further special profits interest allocation accrued in periods subsequent to March 31, 2011. A special profits interest allocation of $45 million was made for the year ended December 31, 2010.
As a result of the return of fee-paying capital as described above, an incentive allocation of $7 million was allocated to the General Partners at March 31, 2011. No further incentive allocation will accrue in periods subsequent to March 31, 2011. Incentive Allocations for the year ended December 31, 2010 was $5 million.
Our Interests in the Investment Funds
As of December 31, 2012 and 2011, we had investments with a fair market value of approximately $2.4 billion and $3.1 billion, respectively, in the Investment Funds.
Our share of the Investment Funds' net profit through our interests in the Investment Funds, excluding incentive allocations and special profits interest allocations earned, was $157 million, $871 million and $328 million for the years ended December 31, 2012, 2011 and 2010, respectively. Results of operations for our Investment segment for the years ended December 31, 2012, 2011 and 2010, prior to eliminations relating to its investment in Tropicana, are presented below:

                                                        Year Ended December 31,
                                                  2012            2011            2010
                                                             (in millions)
Net gain from investment activities          $        314     $     1,887     $       756
Interest and dividend income                           85             110             178
                                                      399           1,997             934

Selling, general and administrative                    24              37              41
Income before other income, net, interest
expense and income taxes                     $        375     $     1,960     $       893

Returns
The following table sets forth performance information for the Investment Funds for the comparative periods presented. These returns represent a weighted-average composite of the average returns, net of expenses for the Investment Funds.


Returns(1)
Year Ended December 31, 2012(2) 2011 2010 Investment Funds 6.6 % 34.5 % 15.2 %

(1) Returns for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 were gross of special profits interest allocations and incentive allocations, but net of expenses for the Investment Funds.
(2) The Investments Funds' aggregate gross return would have been 20.2% if the Investment Funds had elected not to distribute shares of CVR to our subsidiary IEP Energy in 2012 and if additional purchases had been made by the Investment Funds instead of by Icahn Enterprises. The Investment Funds' aggregate gross return was 6.6% for 2012. During 2012, gains were primarily due to our long exposure to the equity markets that were primarily driven by certain core holdings, partially offset by losses due to defensive short positions. The Investment Funds' aggregate gross return was 34.5% for 2011. During 2011, gains were primarily due to the Investment Funds' long exposure to the equity markets that were primarily driven by certain core holdings. The Investment Funds' aggregate gross return was 15.2% for 2010. During 2010, profits were primarily due to the Investment Funds' long exposure in their core equity positions and, to a lesser extent, their long exposure to the credit markets, including fixed income, bank debt and derivative instruments, in the first half of 2010. The Investment Funds' short exposure to both the equity and credit markets was a negative contributor to performance in the third quarter of 2010. During 2010 short exposure to credit was a positive contributor while short exposure to equity was a negative contributor. Since inception in November 2004, the Investment Funds' gross return is 173%, representing an annualized rate of return of 13% through December 31, 2012. Year Ended December 31, 2012 Compared to the Year Ended December 31, 2011 Net Gain From Investment Activities
Net realized and unrealized losses on the investment activities of the Investment Funds decreased by approximately $1.6 billion (83%) for the year ended December 31, 2012 as compared to the prior year due to lower rates of return in the Investment Funds.
Interest and Dividend Income
Interest and dividend income decreased by $25 million (23%) for the year ended December 31, 2012 compared to the prior year. The decrease was primarily due to a decrease in interest income resulting from a reduction in fixed-income investments.
Selling, General and Administrative
Selling, general and administrative ("SG&A") decreased by $13 million (35%) for the year ended December 31, 2012 compared to the prior year due to a decrease in compensation expense as a result of certain fund performance as well as certain expenses associated with shareholder actions and the elimination of expenses attributable to outsourced fund administration during 2011.
Year Ended December 31, 2011 Compared to the Year Ended December 31, 2010 Net Gain From Investment Activities
Net realized and unrealized gains on the investment activities of the Investment Funds were $1,887 million for 2011 as compared to $756 million prior year. The increase relates to a higher rate of return in the Investment Funds during 2011 as compared to the prior year.
Interest and Dividend Income
Interest and dividend income was $110 million for 2011 as compared to $178 million for the prior year. The decrease was primarily due to a decrease in interest income resulting from a reduction in fixed-income investments in our Investment segment during 2011 as compared to the prior year. Selling, General and Administrative
SG&A for 2011 decreased by $4 million (10%) as compared to the prior year. The decrease was primarily due lower investment administrative expenses, including shareholder actions, offset in part by higher compensation expense as a result of certain fund performance during 2011 as compared to the prior year.


Automotive
                                                         Year Ended December 31,
                                                   2012             2011            2010
                                                              (in millions)
Net sales                                    $      6,664       $     6,910     $     6,219
Cost of goods sold                                  5,753             5,822           5,212
Gross margin                                          911             1,088           1,007

Selling, general and administrative                   710               736             704
Restructuring                                          26                 5               8
Impairment                                             98                48               2
                                                      834               789             714
Income before other income, net, interest
expense and income taxes                     $         77       $       299     $       293

Federal-Mogul's Annual Report on Form 10-K contains a detailed description of its business, products, industry, operating strategy and associated risks. Federal-Mogul's filings with the SEC are available on the SEC's website at www.sec.gov.
Federal-Mogul is a leading global supplier of technology and innovation in vehicle and industrial products for fuel economy, emissions reduction, alternative energies, environment and safety systems. Federal-Mogul serves the world's foremost original equipment manufacturers ("OEM") and servicers ("OES") (collectively, "OE") of automotive, light, medium and heavy-duty commercial vehicles, off-road, agricultural, marine, rail, aerospace, power generation and industrial equipment, as well as the worldwide aftermarket. Federal-Mogul participates in both of these markets by leveraging its original equipment product engineering and development capability, manufacturing know-how, and expertise in managing a broad and deep range of replacement parts to service the aftermarket. Federal-Mogul believes that it is uniquely positioned to effectively manage the life cycle of a broad range of products to a diverse customer base.
Geographically, Federal-Mogul derived 39% of its sales in the United States and 61% internationally during 2012. Federal-Mogul has operations in established markets including Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States, and developing markets including Argentina, Brazil, China, Czech Republic, Hungary, India, Korea, Mexico, Poland, Russia, South Africa, Thailand, Turkey and Venezuela. The attendant risks of Federal-Mogul's international operations are primarily related to currency fluctuations, changes in local economic and political conditions, and changes in laws and regulations.
Federal-Mogul operates in an extremely competitive industry, driven by global vehicle production volumes and part replacement trends. Business is typically awarded to the supplier offering the most favorable combination of cost, quality, technology and service. Customers continue to require periodic cost reductions that require Federal-Mogul to continually assess, redefine and improve its operations, products, and manufacturing capabilities to maintain and improve profitability. Management continues to develop and execute initiatives to meet the challenges of the industry and to achieve its strategy for sustainable global profitable growth.
Effective September 1, 2012, Federal-Mogul began operating with two end-customer focused business units. The Powertrain ("PT") business unit focuses on original equipment products for automotive, heavy duty and industrial applications. The Vehicle Components Solutions ("VCS") business unit sells and distributes a broad portfolio of products in the global aftermarket, while also serving original . . .

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