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FCBC > SEC Filings for FCBC > Form 10-K on 15-Mar-2013All Recent SEC Filings

Show all filings for FIRST COMMUNITY BANCSHARES INC /NV/ | Request a Trial to NEW EDGAR Online Pro

Form 10-K for FIRST COMMUNITY BANCSHARES INC /NV/


15-Mar-2013

Annual Report


ITEM 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

Executive Overview

First Community Bancshares, Inc. (the "Company") is a financial holding company that, through its bank subsidiary, provides commercial banking services and has positioned itself as a regional community bank and a financial services alternative to larger banks which often provide less emphasis on personal relationships, and smaller community banks which lack the capital and resources to efficiently serve customer needs. The Company has focused its growth efforts on building financial partnerships and more enduring and complete relationships with businesses and individuals through a very personal and local approach to banking and financial services. The Company and its operations are guided by a strategic plan which includes growth through acquisitions and through office expansion in market areas including Virginia, West Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee. While the Company's mission remains that of a community bank, management believes that entry into new markets will accelerate the Company's growth rate by diversifying the demographics of its customer base and customer prospects and by generally increasing its sales and service network.

Economy

The local economies in which the Company operates are diverse and span a five-state region. The economies of West Virginia and Southwest Virginia have significant exposure to extractive industries, such as coal, timber and natural gas. The local economies in the central portion of North Carolina have suffered in recent years due to foreign competition in both furniture and textiles, as well as consolidation in the financial services industry. Despite these detractions, the economies in this region continue to benefit from national companies operating in the Triad and Central Piedmont area of North Carolina. The Eastern Virginia local economies have, in recent years, benefited from key corporate and government activities. The economy in Eastern Tennessee continues to benefit from the stability of higher education, healthcare services, and tourism. The local economies in the northeastern portion of South Carolina and the southeastern portion of North Carolina benefit from tourism and military activities.

Despite the stable and positive aspects of the regional economies the Company primarily operates in, these markets have experienced significant declines in residential development and construction which are consistent with national trends. These declines have led to contraction in residential land development and construction, which has historically been important components of the Company's lending activities. The economies of the Company's Southwest Virginia and West Virginia markets have remained stable compared with the national economy and unemployment levels were generally lower than the national average at December 31, 2012.

Competition

As the Company competes for increased market share and growth in both loans and deposits, it continues to encounter strong competition from many sources. Many of the markets targeted by the Company are also being entered by other banks in nearby and distant markets. The expansion of banks, credit unions, and other non-depository financial companies over recent years has intensified competitive pressures on core deposit generation and retention. Competitive forces impact the Company through pressure on interest yields, product fees, and loan structure and terms; however, the Company has countered these pressures with its relationship style of banking, competitive pricing, cost efficiencies, and a disciplined approach to loan underwriting.

Application of Critical Accounting Policies

The Company's consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") and conform to general practices within the banking industry. The Company's financial position and results of operations are affected by management's application of accounting policies, including judgments made to arrive at the carrying value of assets and liabilities and amounts reported for revenues, expenses and related disclosures. Different assumptions in the application of these policies could result in material changes in the Company's consolidated financial position and consolidated results of operations.


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Estimates, assumptions, and judgments are necessary principally when assets and liabilities are required to be recorded at estimated fair value, when a decline in the value of an asset carried on the financial statements at fair value warrants an impairment write-down or valuation reserve to be established, or when an asset or liability needs to be recorded based upon the probability of occurrence of a future event. Carrying assets and liabilities at fair value inherently results in more financial statement volatility. The fair values and the information used to record valuation adjustments for certain assets and liabilities are based either on quoted market prices or are provided by third party sources, when available. When third party information is not available, valuation adjustments are estimated by management primarily through the use of financial modeling techniques and appraisal estimates.

The Company's accounting policies are fundamental to understanding Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation. The following is a summary of the Company's more subjective and complex "critical accounting policies." In addition, the disclosures presented in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements and in Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations provide information on how significant assets and liabilities are valued in the financial statements and how those values are determined. Based on the valuation techniques used and the sensitivity of financial statement amounts to the methods, assumptions, and estimates underlying those amounts, management has identified investment valuation, determination of the allowance for loan losses, accounting for acquisitions and intangible assets, and accounting for income taxes as the accounting areas that require the most subjective or complex judgments.

Investment Securities

Management performs an extensive review of the investment securities portfolio quarterly to determine the cause of declines in the fair value of each security within each segment of the portfolio. The Company uses inputs provided by an independent third party to determine the fair values of its investment securities portfolio. Inputs provided by the third party are reviewed and corroborated by management. Evaluations of the causes of the unrealized losses are performed to determine whether the impairment is temporary or other-than-temporary in nature. Considerations such as the Company's intent and ability to hold the securities, recoverability of the invested amounts over the Company's intended holding period, severity in pricing decline, credit rating, and receipt of amounts contractually due, among other factors, are applied in determining whether a security is other-than-temporarily impaired. If a decline in value is determined to be other-than-temporary, the value of the security is reduced and a corresponding charge to earnings is recognized.

Allowance for Loan Losses

The allowance for loan losses is maintained at a level management deems sufficient to absorb probable losses inherent in the loan portfolio, and is based on management's evaluation of the risks in the loan portfolio and changes in the nature and volume of loan activity. The Company consistently applies a review process to periodically evaluate loans for changes in credit risk. This process serves as the primary means by which the Company evaluates the adequacy of the allowance for loan losses.

The Company determines the allowance for loan losses by making specific allocations to impaired loans that exhibit inherent weaknesses and various credit risk and by general allocations to commercial, residential real estate, and consumer loans by giving weight to risk ratings, historical loss trends and management's judgment concerning those trends, and other relevant factors. These factors may include, but are not limited to, actual versus estimated losses, regional and national economic conditions, business segment and portfolio concentrations, industry competition and consolidation, and the impact of government regulations. The foregoing analysis is performed by management to evaluate the portfolio and calculate an estimated valuation allowance through a quantitative and qualitative analysis that applies risk factors to those identified risk areas.

This risk management evaluation is applied at both the portfolio level and the individual loan level for commercial loans and credit relationships while the level of consumer and residential mortgage loan allowance is


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determined primarily on a total portfolio level based on a review of historical loss percentages and other qualitative factors including concentrations, industry specific factors and economic conditions. The commercial portfolio requires more specific analysis of individually significant loans and the borrower's underlying cash flow, business conditions, capacity for debt repayment and the valuation of secondary sources of payment, such as collateral. This analysis may result in specifically identified weaknesses and corresponding specific impairment allowances. While allocations are made to specific loans and classifications within the various categories of loans, the allowance for loan losses is available for all loan losses.

The use of various estimates and judgments in the Company's ongoing evaluation of the required level of allowance can significantly impact the Company's results of operations and financial condition and may result in either greater provisions against earnings to increase the allowance or reduced provisions based upon management's current view of the portfolio and economic conditions and the application of revised estimates and assumptions. Differences between actual loan loss experience and estimates are reflected through adjustments that are made by increasing or decreasing the loan loss provision based upon current measurement criteria.

Acquisitions and Intangible Assets

The Company may, from time to time, engage in business combinations with other companies. Purchase accounting requires the recording of underlying assets and liabilities of the entity acquired at their fair market value. Any excess of the purchase price of the business over the net assets acquired is recorded as goodwill. In instances where the price of the acquired business is less than the net assets acquired, a gain on purchase is recorded. Fair values are assigned based on quoted prices for similar assets, if readily available, or appraisal by qualified independent parties for relevant asset and liability categories. Financial assets and liabilities are typically valued using discount models which apply current discount rates to streams of cash flow. All of these valuation methods require the use of assumptions which can result in alternate valuations and varying levels of goodwill and amounts of bargain purchase gain and, in some cases, amortization expense or accretion income.

Management must also make estimates of useful or economic lives of certain acquired assets and liabilities. These lives are used in establishing amortization and accretion of some intangible assets and liabilities, such as the intangible associated with core deposits acquired in the acquisition of a commercial bank.

Goodwill is recorded as the excess of the purchase price, if any, over the fair value of the acquired net assets and is allocated to reporting units at acquisition. Goodwill is tested annually in the fourth quarter for possible impairment by comparing the fair value of each reporting unit to its book value, including goodwill (step 1). If the fair value of the reporting unit is greater than its book value, no goodwill impairment exists. However, if the book value of the reporting unit is greater than its determined fair value, goodwill impairment may exist and further testing is required to determine the amount, if any, of the actual impairment loss (step 2). The step 1 test utilizes a combination of two methods to determine the fair value of the reporting units. The Company maintains two reporting units, Community Banking and Insurance Services. For both reporting units, a discounted cash flow model is created projecting cash flows from operations of the business reporting unit, the results of which are weighted 70%. For the Community Banking reporting unit a market multiple model utilizes price to net income and price to tangible book value inputs for closed transactions and for certain common sized institutions and the results are weighted 30%. For the Insurance Services reporting unit the market multiple model primarily utilizes price to sales for closed transactions and certain similar industry public companies and the results are weighted 30%. The end results for both reporting units are then compared to the respective book values to consider if impairment is evident. To determine the overall reasonableness of the reporting unit computations, the combined computed fair value is then compared to the overall market capitalization of the consolidated Company to determine the level of implied control premium.

The discounted cash flow analysis uses estimates in the form of growth and attrition rates, anticipated rates of return, and discount rates. These estimates have a direct bearing on the results of the impairment testing and serve as the basis for management's conclusions as to potential impairment.

The results of the step 1 analysis performed during the fourth quarter of 2012 determined that no impairment was evident for either reporting unit.


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Income Taxes

The establishment of provisions for federal and state income taxes is a complex area of accounting which also involves the use of judgments and estimates in applying relevant tax statutes. The Company operates in multiple state tax jurisdictions and this requires the appropriate allocation of income and expense to each state based on a variety of apportionment or allocation bases. The Company is also subject to audit by federal and state tax authorities. Results of these audits may produce indicated liabilities which differ from Company estimates and provisions. The Company continually evaluates its exposure to possible tax assessments arising from audits and records its estimate of possible exposure based on current facts and circumstances.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the tax effects of differing carrying values of assets and liabilities for tax and financial statement purposes that will reverse in future periods. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are reflected at currently enacted income tax rates applicable to the period in which the deferred tax assets or liabilities are expected to be realized or settled. As changes in tax laws or rates are enacted, deferred tax assets and liabilities are adjusted through the provision for income taxes. When uncertainty exists concerning the recoverability of a deferred tax asset, the carrying value of the asset may be reduced by a valuation allowance. The amount of any valuation allowance established is based upon an estimate of the deferred tax asset that is more likely than not to be recovered. Increases or decreases in the valuation allowance result in increases or decreases to the provision for income taxes.

Recent Acquisitions and Divestitures

On June 8, 2012, the Company entered into a purchase and assumption agreement with loss share arrangements with the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation ("FDIC") to purchase certain assets and assume substantially all of the customer deposits and certain liabilities of Waccamaw Bank ("Waccamaw"). Waccamaw, a full service community bank headquartered in Whiteville, North Carolina, operated sixteen branches throughout North and South Carolina. At acquisition, Waccamaw had total assets of approximately $500.64 million, loans of approximately $318.35 million, and deposits of approximately $414.13 million. As a result of the acquisition and the preliminary purchase price allocation, approximately $10.90 million was recorded as goodwill, which represents the excess of the value of the consideration transferred over the fair value of the net assets acquired including indentified intangibles. Under the Single-Family Shared-Loss Agreement and the Commercial Shared-Loss Agreement with the FDIC, the FDIC has agreed to cover 80% of most loan and foreclosed real estate losses. All assets acquired and liabilities assumed are recorded at estimated fair value on the date of acquisition. These fair value estimates are considered preliminary, and are subject to change for up to one year after the closing date of the acquisition as additional information relative to closing date fair values may become available. After the initial acquisition, the Company agreed to purchase four properties totalling $1.80 million from the FDIC.

On May 31, 2012, the Company completed the acquisition of Peoples Bank of Virginia ("Peoples"), based in Richmond, Virginia. Peoples, a full service community bank, operated four branches throughout the Richmond area. At acquisition, Peoples had total assets of approximately $275.76 million, loans of approximately $184.84 million, and deposits of approximately $232.75 million. Under the terms of the merger agreement, shares of Peoples were exchanged for $6.08 in cash and 1.07 shares of the Company's common stock, resulting in a purchase price of approximately $40.28 million. As a result of the acquisition and the preliminary purchase price allocation, approximately $10.21 million was recorded as goodwill, which represents the excess of the value of the consideration transferred over the fair market value of the net assets acquired including indentified intangibles. These fair value estimates are considered preliminary, and are subject to change for up to one year after the closing date of the acquisition as additional information relative to closing date fair values may become available.

Greenpoint Insurance Group ("Greenpoint"), a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, has acquired seven insurance agencies and sold three since its acquisition by the Company in September 2007. During 2012, Greenpoint did not acquire or sell any insurance agencies; however, $366 thousand was received from earn-out payments related to agency sales in 2011. During 2011, Greenpoint received aggregate cash of $1.58 million from the sale of two insurance agencies. During 2010, Greenpoint paid aggregate cash consideration of $190 thousand in connection with the acquisition of one insurance agency.


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Results of Operations

2012 Compared To 2011

Net income increased $8.55 million, or 42.69%, to $28.58 million for the year ended December 31, 2012, compared with $20.03 million for the year ended December 31, 2011. Net income available to common shareholders increased $8.19 million, or 42.40%, to $27.52 million for the year ended December 31, 2012, compared with $19.33 million for the same period of 2011. Basic and diluted earnings per common share for year-end 2012 were $1.44 and $1.40, respectively, as compared to basic and diluted earnings per common share for year-end 2011 of $1.08 and $1.07, respectively. Return on average assets was 1.10% in 2012 compared to 0.88% in 2011. Return on average common equity was 8.70% in 2012 compared to 6.81% in 2011.

Net Interest Income

Net interest income, the largest contributor to earnings, increased $18.03 million, or 25.03%, for the year ended December 31, 2012, compared with the same period of 2011. Tax equivalent net interest income increased $17.82 million, or 23.76%, for the year ended December 31, 2012, compared with the same period of 2011. The increase in tax equivalent net interest income was primarily due to the increase in average earning assets from the Peoples and Waccamaw acquisitions and reductions in the rates paid on interest-bearing deposits resulting from the sustained low rate environment.

For purposes of this discussion, net interest income is presented on a tax equivalent basis to provide a comparison among all types of interest earning assets. The tax equivalent basis adjusts for the tax-favored status of income from certain loans and investments. Although this is a non-GAAP measure, management believes this measure is more widely used within the financial services industry and provides better comparability of net interest income arising from taxable and tax-exempt sources. We use this measure to monitor net interest income performance and to manage its balance sheet composition (see the table titled Average Balance Sheets and Net Interest Income Analysis).

Average earning assets increased $257.70 million and average interest-bearing liabilities increased $190.79 million during 2012, as compared to the prior year. The yield on average earning assets increased 11 basis points to 5.12% during 2012 from 5.01% at year-end 2011. The rate on average interest-bearing liabilities decreased 27 basis points to 1.05% during 2012 from 1.32% at year-end 2011. Average balances and interest yield/rate changes for earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities resulted in a net interest rate spread that was 38 basis points higher for year-end 2012 compared with the same period of 2011. Our net interest margin increased 36 basis points for year-end 2012, compared with the same period of 2011.

The tax equivalent yield on loans increased 17 basis points for the year ended December 31, 2012, compared with the same period of 2011. Tax equivalent loan interest income increased $17.82 million, or 23.76%, for the year ended December 31, 2012, compared with the same period of 2011. The increase in interest income on loans was primarily due to the Peoples and Waccamaw acquisitions. The Company expects that the effects of the interest accretion will be significantly lessened in future periods.

The tax equivalent yield on available-for-sale securities decreased 61 basis points for the year ended December 31, 2012, compared with the same period of 2011. The decrease was largely due to the new investment and reinvestment of proceeds from sales, maturities, prepayments, and cash in lower yielding securities. The average balance of held-to-maturity securities continued to decline as securities were called or matured and were not replaced.

The tax equivalent yield on interest-bearing deposits with banks increased 8 basis points for the year ended December 31, 2012, compared with the same period of 2011. Interest-bearing deposits with banks are comprised primarily of excess liquidity kept at the Federal Reserve that bears overnight market rates.

The average balance of interest-bearing demand deposits increased $28.76 million, or 10.37%, and the average rate paid on those deposits decreased 10 basis points for the year ended December 31, 2012, compared with the


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same period of 2011. The average balance of savings deposits increased $61.17 million, or 14.91%, and the average rate paid on those deposits decreased 10 basis points for the year ended December 31, 2012, compared with the same period of 2011. The average balance of time deposits increased $93.90 million, or 13.75%, and the average rate paid on those deposits decreased 49 basis points for the year ended December 31, 2012, compared with the same period of 2011. The average balance of noninterest-bearing demand deposits increased $63.72 million, or 28.54%, for the year ended December 31, 2012, compared with the same period of 2011. These increased balances during the year ended December 31, 2012, were primarily due to the Peoples and Waccamaw acquisitions.

The average balance of federal funds purchased increased $413 thousand to $490 thousand for year-end 2012 compared to $77 thousand for the same period of 2011. The average balance of retail repurchase agreements, including collateralized retail deposits and commercial treasury accounts, decreased $4.96 million, or 5.93%, and the average rate paid on those funds decreased 8 basis points for the year ended December 31, 2012, compared with the same period of 2011. The decrease in the average balance of retail repurchase agreements was primarily due to lower balances in commercial treasury accounts in the slow economy, which were slightly offset by the Peoples and Waccamaw acquisitions. The average balance of wholesale repurchase agreements increased $5.16 million, or 10.33%, and the average rate paid on those funds decreased 10 basis points for the year ended December 31, 2012, compared with the same period of 2011. The average balance of FHLB advances and other borrowings increased $6.35 million, or 3.75%, and the average rate paid on those funds decreased 2 basis point for the year ended December 31, 2012, compared with the same period of 2011.


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            Average Balance Sheets and Net Interest Income Analysis



                                                                                   2012                                                         2011                                                          2010
                                                                               Interest                                                    Interest                                                      Interest
                                                             Average           Income/              Average              Average           Income/               Average               Average           Income/               Average
                                                             Balance         Expense  (1)       Yield/Rate  (1)          Balance         Expense  (1)        Yield/ Rate  (1)          Balance         Expense  (1)        Yield/ Rate  (1)
(Amounts in thousands)
Earning assets
Loans held for investment (2)                              $ 1,611,557      $       96,803                  6.01 %     $ 1,382,097      $       80,742                    5.84 %     $ 1,400,061      $       84,906                    6.06 %
Available-for-sale securities                                  502,416              15,170                  3.02 %         434,583              15,775                    3.63 %         492,703              21,313                    4.33 %
Held-to-maturity securities                                      2,622                 171                  6.52 %           3,999                 333                    8.32 %           6,299                 533                    8.46 %
Interest-bearing deposits with banks                            77,851                 259                  0.33 %         116,063                 285                    0.25 %          81,987                 194                    0.24 %

Total earning assets                                         2,194,446      $      112,403                  5.12 %       1,936,742      $       97,135                    5.01 %       1,981,050      $      106,946                    5.40 %
Other assets                                                   316,485                                                     258,897                                                       282,005
. . .
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