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BVSN > SEC Filings for BVSN > Form 10-K on 15-Mar-2013All Recent SEC Filings

Show all filings for BROADVISION INC | Request a Trial to NEW EDGAR Online Pro



Annual Report


You should read this discussion and analysis in conjunction with our Consolidated Financial Statements and the related Notes appearing elsewhere in this report. In addition to the historical consolidated information, the following discussion contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of
Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and within the meaning of
Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, which are subject to the "safe harbor" created by those sections. These forward-looking statements are generally identified by words such as "expect", "anticipate", "intend", "believe", "hope", "assume", "estimate", "plan", "will" and other similar words and expressions. These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors. Factors that could cause or contribute to differences include those discussed below and elsewhere in this Form 10-K, particularly in Item 1A, "Risk Factors." We undertake no obligation to publicly release any revisions to the forward-looking statements or to reflect events and circumstances after the date of this document.


Since 1993, BroadVision has been a pioneer and consistent innovator of e-business solutions. We deliver a combination of technologies and services into the global market that enable customers of all sizes to power mission-critical web initiatives that ultimately deliver high-value to their bottom line. Our offering consists of a robust framework for personalization and self-service, modular applications and agile toolsets that customers use to create e-commerce, portal solutions, and Enterprise Social Networks. As of December 31, 2012, we had licensed our products to approximately 400 companies.

Our objective is to further our position as a global supplier of enterprise social networking solutions through our new Clearvale products and to sustain our legacy Business Agility Suite, Commerce Agility Suite and QuickSilver solutions. This will require us to continue to build new functionality into our solutions that offer our customers a compelling value proposition to subscribe or license our solutions rather than design and build custom solutions.

We generate revenue from fees for licenses of our software products and related maintenance, consulting services and customer training. We generally charge fees for licenses of our software products based on (1) the number of persons registered to use the product; (2) the number of CPUs utilized by the machines on which the product is installed; or (3) usage of Cloud or SaaS (Software-as-a-Service), a software model in which vendors host software that customers access remotely. Payment terms are generally 30 days from the date the software products are delivered, the maintenance or subscription contracts are booked, or the consulting services are provided.

We generated net income in years 2006, 2007 and 2009; and net loss in years 2008, 2010, 2011 and 2012. Our ability to generate profits or positive cash flows in future periods remains uncertain.

Our operations in 2012 faced three challenges: continuing world-wide recession, maturity of our major revenue-generating legacy products, and ramping up of our new Clearvale Enterprise Social Network products. We continued to invest heavily in Clearvale, while also servicing our legacy base. Clearvale revenue grew from 2011 to 2012, but the increase was not enough to offset the continuing decline in legacy revenue, due to the currently small customer base of Clearvale. In mid-2012, we moved to our new headquarters, as our old office lease expired. The move resulted in the elimination of our excess real estate space that began when we reduced our workforce in 2004 and we no longer have any excess real estate worldwide.

We strive to anticipate changes in the demand for our services, and manage our costs appropriately. As part of our budgeting process, cross-functional management participates in the planning, reviewing and managing of our business plans. This process is intended to allow us to adjust our cost structures to changing market needs, competitive landscapes and economic factors.

Obligations to Related Parties

On November 14, 2008, BroadVision (Delaware) LLC, a Delaware limited liability company ("BVD"), which was then our wholly owned subsidiary, entered into a Share Purchase Agreement with CHRM LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, that is controlled by Dr. Pehong Chen, our CEO and largest stockholder. We and CHRM LLC then entered into an Amended and Restated Operating Agreement of BroadVision (Delaware) LLC dated as of November 14, 2008 (the "BVD Operating Agreement"). Under these agreements, CHRM LLC received, in exchange for the assignment of certain intellectual property rights, 20 Class B Shares of BVD, representing the right to receive 20% of any "net profit" from a "capital transaction" (as such terms are defined in the BVD Operating Agreement) of BroadVision (Barbados) Limited ("BVB"), an entity wholly owned by BVD. A "capital transaction" under that agreement is any merger or sale of substantially all of the assets of BVB as a result of which the members of BVB will no longer have an interest in BVB or the assets of BVB will be distributed to its members. BVB is the sole owner of BroadVision On Demand, a Chinese entity ("BVOD"). We have invested approximately $6.6 million in BVOD (directly and through BVD and BVB) to date and expect to continue to make additional investments in BVOD of approximately $400,000 per quarter for the foreseeable future.


See Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for a full description of recent accounting pronouncements, including the expected dates of adoption and estimated effects on results of operations and financial condition, which is incorporated herein by reference.

Critical Accounting Policies, Judgments and Estimates

This management's discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based upon our Consolidated Financial Statements, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. In preparing these financial statements, we are required to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates, including those related to receivable reserves, stock-based compensation, investments, income taxes and restructuring, as well as contingencies and litigation. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe are reasonable, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates using different assumptions or conditions. We believe the following critical accounting policies reflect the more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our Consolidated Financial Statements.

Revenue Recognition


Our revenue consists of fees for licenses of our software products, maintenance, consulting services and training.

Our revenue recognition policies comply with Accounting Standards Codification ASC 985-605, Software: Revenue Recognition, and Staff Accounting Bulletin SAB 104, Revenue Recognition. In October 2009, the FASB amended the accounting standards in Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2009-13 (an update to ASC 605-25) ("ASU 2009-13") for certain multiple deliverable revenue arrangements to: 1) provide updated guidance on whether multiple deliverables exist, how the deliverables in an arrangement should be separated, and how the consideration should be allocated; 2) require an entity to allocate revenue in an arrangement using best estimated selling price ("BESP") of deliverables if a vendor does not have VSOE of selling price or third-party evidence ("TPE") of selling price; and
3) eliminate the use of the residual method and require an entity to allocate revenue using the relative selling price method. We adopted ASU 2009-13 at the beginning of the first quarter of fiscal 2011. The application of these new accounting standards did not have a material impact on total net revenues for fiscal year 2011.

We recognize revenue when all four of the following revenue recognition criteria have been met:

1) Persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists;

2) We have delivered the product or performed the service;

3) The fee is fixed or determinable; and

4) Collection is probable.

We qualify the second of the above listed criteria differently for different types of revenues, as follows.

Software License Revenue, Non-Subscription and Non-Hosted Products

Delivery of non-subscription and non-hosted software products is considered to have occurred when title to the physical media and risk of loss have been transferred to the customer, which generally occurs when media containing the licensed programs is provided to a common carrier. In case of electronic delivery, delivery occurs when the customer is given access to the licensed programs. For products that cannot be used without a licensing key, the delivery requirement is met when the licensing key is made available to the customer. We do not grant a right of return for non-subscription or non-hosted software products. We recognize revenue upon the delivery of our software.

Software License Revenue, Subscription Products or Hosted Products

Although we make our software available to the customer at a particular point in time, the delivery of subscription software products (such as QuickSilver) and hosted software products (such as Clearvale and Clear) is considered to have occurred ratably over the duration of the contract. We recognize revenue ratably.

Services Revenues

Consulting services revenues and training revenues are recognized as such services are performed. These services are not essential to the functionality of the software. We record reimbursement from our customers for out-of-pocket expenses as an increase to services revenues.

Maintenance revenue, which includes revenue that is derived from software license agreements that entitle the customers to technical support and future unspecified enhancements to our products, is recognized ratably over the related agreement period, which time period is generally twelve months.

Receivable Reserves

Occasionally, our customers experience financial difficulty after we record the sale but before payment has been received. We maintain receivable reserves for estimated losses resulting from the inability of our customers to make required payments. Our normal payment terms are generally 30 to 90 days from the invoice date. If the financial condition of our customers were to deteriorate, resulting in their inability to make the contractual payments, additional reserves may be required. Losses from customer receivables in the two-year period ended December 31, 2012, have not been significant. If all efforts to collect a receivable fail, and the receivable is considered uncollectible, we would write off against the receivable reserve.

Research and Development and Software Development Costs

ASC 985-20, Costs of Software to be Sold, Leased, or Marketed ("ASC 985-20"), requires capitalization of certain software development costs subsequent to the establishment of technological feasibility. Based on our product development process, technological feasibility is established upon the completion of a working model. To date, costs incurred by us between the completion of the working model and the point at which the product is ready for general release have been insignificant. Accordingly, we have charged all such costs to research and development expense in the period incurred.

Income Taxes and Deferred Tax Assets

Income taxes are computed using an asset and liability approach in accordance with ASC 740-10, Income Taxes ("ASC 740-10"), which requires the recognition of taxes payable or refundable for the current year and deferred tax assets and liabilities for the future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in our Consolidated Financial Statements or tax returns. The measurement of current and deferred tax assets and liabilities is based on provisions of the enacted tax law; the effects of future changes in tax laws or rates are not anticipated. The measurement of deferred tax assets is reduced, if necessary, by the amount of any tax benefits that, based on available evidence, is not expected to be realized.

We analyze our deferred tax assets with regard to potential realization. We have established a valuation allowance on our deferred tax assets to the extent that management has determined that it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax asset will not be realized based upon the uncertainty of their realization. We consider the effects of estimated future taxable income, current economic conditions and ongoing prudent and feasible tax planning strategies in assessing the amount of the valuation allowance.

Stock-Based Compensation

Effective January 1, 2006, we adopted ASC 718-10, Compensation - Stock Compensation ("ASC 718-10"), using the modified-prospective transition method. Under ASC 718-10, share-based compensation cost is estimated at the grant date based on the fair value of the award and is recognized as expense, net of estimated pre-vesting forfeitures, ratably over the vesting period of the award.

We adopted the alternative transition method provided in ASC 718-10 for calculating the tax effects of stock-based compensation pursuant to ASC 718-10 in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2006. The alternative transition method includes simplified methods to establish the beginning balance of the additional paid-in capital pool ("APIC pool") related to the tax effects of employee stock-based compensation, and to determine the subsequent impact on the APIC pool and Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows of the tax effects of employee stock-based compensation awards that are outstanding upon adoption of ASC 718-10. The adoption did not have a material impact on our results of operations and financial condition.

Further details related to our Stock Benefit Plans and our adoption of ASC 718-10 are provided in Note 8 - Stockholders' Equity in the Notes to our Consolidated Financial Statements.


Through June 30, 2012, we approved restructuring plans to, among other things, reduce our workforce and consolidate facilities. Restructuring and asset impairment charges were taken to align our cost structure with changing market conditions and to create a more efficient organization. Our restructuring charges are comprised primarily of: (i) lease termination costs and/or costs associated with permanently vacating our facilities; and (ii) other incremental costs incurred as a direct result of the restructuring plan. We account for each of these costs in accordance with ASC 420-10, Exit or Disposal of Cost Obligations ("ASC 420-10 ").

Excess Facilities Costs. We account for excess facilities costs as follows:

For exit or disposal activities, we account for lease termination and/or abandonment costs in accordance with ASC 420-10, which requires that a liability for such costs be recognized and measured initially at fair value on the cease use date of the facility.

Inherent in the estimation of the costs related to our restructuring efforts are assessments related to the most likely expected outcome of the significant actions to accomplish the restructuring. In determining the charges related to the restructurings to date, the majority of estimates made by management have related to charges for excess facilities. In determining the charges for excess facilities, we were required to estimate future sublease income, future net operating expenses of the facilities, and brokerage commissions, among other expenses. The most significant of these estimates have related to the timing and extent of future sublease income in which to reduce our lease obligations. We based our estimates of sublease income, in part, current market conditions and rental rates, an assessment of the time period over which reasonable estimates could be made, the status of negotiations with potential subtenants, and the location of the respective facility, among other factors. We have recorded the low-end of a range of assumptions modeled for restructuring charges. Adjustments to the facilities accrual will be required if actual lease exit costs or sublease income differ from amounts currently expected. We will review the status of restructuring activities on a quarterly basis and, if appropriate, record changes to our restructuring obligations in current operations based on management's most current estimates.

Further details related to our Restructuring charges and activities are provided in Note 7 - Restructuring in the Notes to our Consolidated Financial Statements.

Statements of Comprehensive Loss as a Percent of Total Revenues

The following table sets forth certain items reflected in our Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss expressed as a percent of total revenues for the periods indicated.

                               Years Ended December 31,
                                 2012             2011
Software licenses                  34  %             31  %
Services                           66                69
Total revenues                    100               100
Cost of revenues:
Cost of software revenues           1                  -
Cost of services                   32                34
Total cost of revenues             33                34
Gross profit                       67                66
Operating expenses:
Research and development           43                36
Sales and marketing                39                34
General and administrative         26                23
Restructuring charges                -                5
Total operating expenses          108                98
Operating loss                    (41)              (32)
Other income                        9                 2
Loss before income taxes          (32)              (30)
Provision for income taxes         (1)               (1)
Net loss                          (33) %            (31) %

Results of Operations

Revenues. License revenue from the sales of software licenses for the year ended December 31, 2012 was $5.2 million, down $0.3 million, or 5% from $5.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2011. Maintenance revenue, which is generally derived from maintenance contracts sold with initial customer licenses and from subsequent contract renewals, for the year ended December 31, 2012 was $7.1 million, down $1.5 million, or 17% from $8.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2011. Consulting revenue, which is generally related to services in connection with our licensed software, for the year ended 2012 was $2.8 million, down $0.6 million, or 18% from $3.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2011. The decrease was due to product transitioning. We are investing heavily in our new product, Clearvale, while our older products mature. It will take time for the new product revenue to ramp up.

Cost of software licenses. Cost of software licenses includes the net costs of our Cloud hosting operation, product media, duplication, packaging, and other manufacturing costs as well as royalties payable to third parties for software that is either embedded in, or bundled and sold with, our products. Cost of software licenses for the year ended December 31, 2012 was $146,000, up $132,000, from $11,000 for the year ended December 31, 2011. The increase was mainly due to the increase of the cost of our Cloud hosting operation.

Cost of services. Cost of services consists primarily of employee-related costs, third-party consultant fees incurred on consulting projects, post-contract customer support and instructional training services. Cost of services for the year ended December 31, 2012 was $4.9 million, down $1.1 million, or 18% from $6.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2011. This decrease was mainly due to our overall cost reduction efforts in response to lower revenues.

Research and development. The research and development expenses consist primarily of salaries, employee-related benefit costs and consulting fees incurred in association with the development of our products. Research and development expenses for the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011 were approximately $6.4 million. We had a reduction in research and development expenses related to our legacy products, which was offset by our increase in research and development expenses related to our new Clearvale products.

Sales and marketing. The sales and marketing expenses consist primarily of salaries, employee-related benefit costs, commissions and other incentive compensation, travel and entertainment and marketing program-related expenditures such as for collateral materials, trade shows, public relations, advertising and creative services. Sales and marketing expenses for the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011 were approximately $5.9 million., During fiscal year 2012, we reversed a $0.3 million litigation expense accrual and a non-cash credit redeemable for our software products. The credit expired, unused, during fiscal year 2012. Excluding the $0.3 million reversal, sales and marketing expenses increased due to our concerted efforts to sell and promote Clearvale.

General and administrative. The general and administrative expenses consist primarily of salaries, employee-related benefit costs, provisions and credits related to uncollectible accounts receivable, professional service fees and legal fees. General and administrative expenses for the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011 were approximately $4.0 million.

Restructuring charges, net. The restructuring charges include charges for excess facilities and were recorded under the provisions of ASC 420-10. During 2012, our net restructuring charge of $12,000 pertained to operating expenses paid in excess of the initial estimated accrual for our vacant office space in Redwood City. During 2011 our net restructuring charge of $810,000 consisted of lease payments and operating expenses in the amount of $451,000 for our headquarters in Redwood City, a $202,000 charge for the re-evaluation of future sublease rental income on our vacant office space in Redwood City and a $157,000 charge for the estimated future operating expenses for our vacant office space in Redwood City.

Interest income, net. Net interest income includes interest income on invested funds. We generated $392,000 in interest income for the year ended December 31, 2012 from our cash and cash equivalents as well as short-term investment balances in 2012, down $52,000, or 12%, from $444,000 in interest income for the year ended December 31, 2011. This decrease was due to investments with lower interest rates in 2012 as compared to 2011.

Other income (expense), net. Other income (expense), net was $865,000 for the year ended December 31, 2012, up $1,027,000 from $162,000 for the year ended December 31, 2011. In 2012, other income (expense), net included a return of capital of $785,000 from a cost method investment written off in 2002 and the remaining amounts primarily due to an unrealized gain from currency rate fluctuations on our Euro cash and short-term investments. In 2011, other income (expense), net was primarily a result of unrealized currency rate fluctuations on our Euro assets.

Income taxes expense. We recorded income tax expenses of $134,000 and $121,000 for the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The tax provision from 2012 was primarily due to the foreign provision and the foreign withholding tax for the 2012 tax year. The tax expense from 2011 was primarily due to foreign tax and state income taxes expense, which was offset by the tax benefit from the release of unrecognized tax benefits.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Background and Overview

At December 31, 2012, our current assets exceeded our current liabilities by approximately $48.3 million. Our management believes that our cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments as of December 31, 2012 will be sufficient to fund operations through at least December 31, 2013. If our existing cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments are not sufficient to meet our obligations, we will seek to raise additional capital through public or private equity financing or from other sources. If adequate funds are not available or are not available on acceptable terms as needed, we may be unable to pay our debts as they become due, develop our products, take advantage of future opportunities or respond to competitive pressures or unanticipated requirements.

As of December 31, 2012, we had $23.8 million of cash and $28.5 million of short-term investments, with no long-term debt borrowings. The combined cash and short-term investment balances at December 31, 2012 declined by $2.2 million compared to December 31, 2011 levels. This decrease was mainly due to net cash used for operating activities and cash provided from financing activities, as described in the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flow and the reclassification from restricted cash to cash during year 2012.

Revenues in year 2012 of $15.1 million were down 14% from 2011 revenues of $17.6 million. The decrease was due to product transitioning. We are investing heavily in our new product, Clearvale, while our older products mature. It will take time for the new product revenue to ramp up. We may not be able to generate substantial revenue from Clearvale, but if we are able to do so, it will take time for such new product revenue to ramp up. We anticipate that net cash used for operating activities will continue to be the material use of our existing cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments.

The following table represents our liquidity indicators at December 31, 2012 and 2011 (dollars in thousands):

                                       December 31,
                                     2012        2011
Cash and cash equivalents          $ 23,789    $ 45,405
Short-term investments             $ 28,492    $  9,009
Restricted cash, current portion   $       -   $  1,022
Working capital                    $ 48,332    $ 50,419
Working capital ratio                  6.35        5.90

Cash Used for Operating Activities

Cash used for operating activities was $5.0 million for fiscal year 2012. Net cash used for operating activities in this period consisted primarily of a $6.2 million operating loss, offset by adjustments resulting from the reclassification of $1.0 million of restricted cash to cash during fiscal year 2012.

Cash used for operating activities was $6.6 million for fiscal year 2011. Net cash used by operating activities in this period consisted primarily of a $4.7 million operating loss (excluding restructuring charges), and changes in operating assets and liabilities offset by noncash items during fiscal year 2011.

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