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ANIK > SEC Filings for ANIK > Form 10-K on 14-Mar-2013All Recent SEC Filings

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Annual Report


The following section of this Annual Report on Form 10-K titled "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" contains statements that are not statements of historical fact and are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance, or achievement to differ materially from anticipated results, performance, or achievement, expressed or implied in such forward-looking statements. These statements reflect our current views with respect to future events and are based on assumptions and are subject to risks and uncertainties. We discuss many of these risks and uncertainties at the beginning of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and under Item 1 "Business" and Item 1A "Risk Factors." The following discussion should also be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements of Anika Therapeutics, Inc. and the Notes thereto appearing elsewhere in this report.

Management Overview

Anika Therapeutics, Inc. ("Anika," and together, with its subsidiaries, the "Company") develops, manufactures and commercializes therapeutic products for tissue protection, healing, and repair. These products are based on hyaluronic acid ("HA"), a naturally occurring, biocompatible polymer found throughout the body. Due to its unique biophysical and biochemical properties, HA plays an important role in a number of physiological functions such as the protection and lubrication of soft tissues and joints, the maintenance of the structural integrity of tissues, and the transport of molecules to and within cells. Together with our wholly-owned subsidiary, Anika S.r.l., the Company offers therapeutic products in the following areas:

                                                  Anika Anika S.r.l.
              Orthobiologics                        X        X
                Advanced wound care                          X
                Aesthetic dermatology               X
              Ophthalmic                            X
                Anti-adhesion                       X        X
                Ear, nose and throat care ("ENT")            X
              Veterinary                            X


Anika's orthobiologics business contributed 74% to our product revenue for the year ended December 31, 2012. Our orthobiologics products consist of joint health and orthopedic products. Joint health products include ORTHOVISC, ORTHOVISC mini, and MONOVISC. ORTHOVISC is available in the U.S., Canada, and some international markets for the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee, and in Europe for the treatment of osteoarthritis in all joints. ORTHOVISC mini is available in Europe and is designed for the treatment of osteoarthritis in small joints. MONOVISC is our single injection osteoarthritis treatment indicated for all joints in Europe, and for the knee in Turkey and Canada. ORTHOVISC mini, and MONOVISC are our two most recent joint health products which became available in certain international markets during the second quarter of 2008.

Anika has marketed ORTHOVISC, our product for the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee, internationally since 1996 through various distribution agreements. International sales of ORTHOVISC contributed 7% of product revenue for the year ended December 31, 2012.

Our strategy is to continue to add new products, to expand the indications for usage of these products, and to add additional countries to our distribution network. The joint health area has been the fastest growing area for the Company, growing from 57% of our product revenue in 2008 to approximately 74% of our product revenue in 2012. We continue to seek new distribution partnerships around the world and we expect total joint health product sales to increase in 2013 compared to 2012.

We currently offer several orthopedic products used in connection with regenerative medicine. The products currently available in Europe include Hyalofast, a biodegradable support for human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells; Hyalonect, a woven gauze used as a graft wrap; and Hyaloss, HYAFF fibers used to mix blood/bone grafts to form a paste for bone regeneration. We also offer Hyaloglide, an ACP gel used in tenolysis treatment, but with additional clinical data may demonstrate potential for flexor tendon adhesion prevention, and in the shoulder for adhesive capsulitis. These products are commercialized through a network of distributors, primarily in Europe, the Middle East, and Korea. Anika believes that the U.S. market offers excellent expansion potential to increase revenue, and this will continue to be a major focus area for the Company.

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Our dermal products contributed 2% to our product revenue for the year ended December 31, 2012, and consist of advanced wound care products based on the HYAFF technology, and aesthetic dermal fillers. Anika S.r.l. offers over seven products for the treatment of skin wounds ranging from burns to diabetic ulcers. The products cover a variety of wound treatment solutions including debridement agents, advanced therapies and scaffolds used in connection with skin substitutes. Leading products include Hyalomatrix and Hyalofill, for treatment of complex wounds such as burns and ulcers, and Hyalograft 3D and Laserskin scaffolds, for use in connection with the regeneration of skin. Anika S.r.l.'s dermal products are commercialized through a network of distributors, primarily in Europe, the Middle East, and Korea. Several of the products are also approved for sale in the United States including Hyalomatrix and Hyalofill. In 2012, the Company entered into a distribution agreement for sales of advanced wound care products in nine South American countries, including Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, Chile, and others.

Our aesthetic dermatology business is designed as a family of products for facial wrinkles and scar remediation, and is intended to compete with collagen-based and other HA-based products currently on the market. Our initial aesthetic dermatology product is a dermal filler based on our proprietary chemically modified, cross-linked HA, and is approved in Europe, Canada, the U.S., Korea and certain countries in South America. Internationally, this product is marketed under the ELEVESS name. In the U.S., the trade name is HYDRELLE, although the product is not currently marketed in the U.S.


Our ophthalmic business includes HA viscoelastic products used in ophthalmic surgery. For the year ended December 31, 2012, sales of ophthalmic products contributed 13% of our product revenue. Anika previously manufactured the AMVISC product line for Bausch & Lomb under the terms of a supply agreement that expired on December 31, 2010 (the "2004 B&L Agreement") for viscoelastic products used in ophthalmic surgery. Effective January 1, 2011, the parties entered into a non-exclusive, two year contract intended to transition the manufacture of AMVISC and AMVISC Plus to an alternative, low-cost supplier formerly affiliated with B&L, and we continued to supply B&L with these products during 2011. Effective January 1, 2012, the parties agreed to a new three year contract for Anika to continue to supply these products to B&L as a second supplier with committed annual volumes for 2012, with lower committed volumes in 2013 and 2014.

B&L accounted for 11% of product revenue for the year ended 2012, but is expected to be significantly lower in 2013 under the new contract. Operating margins under the 2004 B&L Agreement were low and will remain at a similar level under the new contract. See Item 1A. "Risk Factors."


Our surgical group consists of products used to prevent surgical adhesions, and to treat ENT disorders. For the year ended December 31, 2012, sales of surgical products contributed 7% of our product revenue. Hyalobarrier is a clinically proven post-operative adhesion barrier for use in the abdomino-pelvic area. The product is currently commercialized in Europe, the Middle East and certain Asian countries through a distribution network, but is not approved in the U.S. INCERT, approved for sale in Europe, Turkey, and Malaysia, is a chemically modified, cross-linked HA product, for the prevention of spinal post-surgical adhesions. There are currently no plans at this time to distribute INCERT in the U.S. Anika co-owns issued U.S. patents covering the use of INCERT for adhesion prevention. See the section captioned "Patent and Proprietary Rights" for additional information.

Anika S.r.l. also offers several products used in connection with the treatment of ENT disorders. The lead products are Merogel, a woven fleece nasal packing, and Merogel Injectable, a thick, viscous hydrogel composed of cross-linked hyaluronic acid, a biocompatible agent that creates a moist wound-healing environment. Anika S.r.l. is partnered with Medtronic for worldwide distribution of these products.

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In 2011, Merogel Injectable was withdrawn from the market due to a labeling error, by the third-party contract manufacturer on the product's packaging, discovered by the Company. We settled the matter related to this dispute with Medtronic in August, 2012 and began shipping the product again in December 2012. As this labeling error relates to conduct that initially occurred prior to our acquisition of Anika S.r.l. from Fidia Farmaceutici S.p.A, we have made claims against Fidia for indemnification for Anika's losses related to this issue. Fidia has informed us that it does not believe that it has liability for this matter, and has made claims against us for refusing to release the Anika shares that were put into escrow in connection with the S.r.l. acquisition. We have begun an arbitration process in the London Court of International Arbitration.


U.S. sales of HYVISC, our product for the treatment of equine osteoarthritis, contributed 4% to product revenue for the year ended December 31, 2012. We continue to look at other veterinary applications and opportunities to expand geographic territories.

Research and Development

Anika's research and development efforts primarily consist of the development of new medical applications for our HA-based technology, the management of clinical trials for certain product candidates, the preparation and processing of applications for regulatory approvals or clearances at all relevant stages of product development, and process development and scale-up manufacturing activities relative to our existing and new products. Our development focus includes products for tissue protection, healing and repair. Our investment in R&D has been important over the years, and varies considerably depending on the number and size of clinical trials and studies underway. We anticipate that we will continue to commit significant resources to research and development, including clinical trials, in the future.

With the acquisition of Anika S.r.l., we have enhanced our research and development capabilities, our technology base, and our pipeline of candidate products. Anika S.r.l. has research and development programs for new products including Hyalobone, a bone tissue filler; Hyalospine, an adhesion prevention gel for use after spinal surgery; and Hyalofast, an innovative product for cartilage tissue repair. Other key projects include obtaining FDA approval to market Anika S.r.l.'s suite of orthopedic products in the U.S. These products consist of Hyalofast, Hyaloglide, and Hyalonect.

Two key products under development or regulatory review include MONOVISC for U.S. marketing approval and CINGAL. Our first next generation osteoarthritis product is MONOVISC, a single-injection treatment product that uses a non-animal source HA. MONOVISC is also our first osteoarthritis product based on our proprietary cross-linked HA-technology. We received Conformité Européenne ("CE") Mark approval for the MONOVISC product in October 2007, and began sales in Europe during the second quarter of 2008, following a small, post-marketing clinical study. In the U.S., we filed the final module of our MONOVISC PMA containing the clinical data in December 2009. We were informed that there were deficiencies in our submissions through a deficiency/non-approvable letter. In December 2012, the FDA upheld its non-approvable decision following our appeal. Subsequent to that decision, in January of 2013, the Company submitted a new PMA amendment which is under review by the FDA. The Company continues to discuss pathways to approval with the FDA.

Our second single-injection osteoarthritis product under development is CINGAL, which is based on our hyaluronic acid material with an added active therapeutic molecule to provide broad pain relief for a long period of time. During the past year, we have integrated the research and development efforts of Anika and Anika S.r.l., and prioritized our new product development activities and expect to make progress on a clinical trial in support of CINGAL during 2013.

Business Developments

We received FDA approval to manufacture our terminally sterilized product, ELEVESS, in our Bedford facility in November 2010. In the first quarter of 2012, we received FDA approval to sell ORTHOVISC, HYVISC, and INCERT manufactured in our Bedford plant, and received approval to manufacture our ophthalmic products in the Bedford facility in the second quarter of 2012. Our Bedford facility is approved to manufacture all Anika CE marked products, as well as Anika S.r.l. CE marked ACP gel products, and Merogel Injectable for distribution in the U.S.

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Restructuring Plan

On December 28, 2012 the Company announced the closure of its tissue engineering facility in Abano Terme, Italy due to the inability to meet strict regulatory standards, established by the EMA for Advanced Therapy Medicinal Products, which are effective January 1, 2013. The restructuring plan primarily involves a workforce reduction, the disposal of related supplies and equipment, and the termination of the Hyalograft C Autograft in-process R & D project. We recorded restructuring and related impairment charges in the fourth quarter of 2012 of approximately $2.5 million. Of the total restructuring and related impairment charges, approximately $1.6 million related to the noncash disposal of assets. The remaining $0.9 million relates to cash payments anticipated to occur in 2013, primarily for employee termination costs. We expect to substantially complete the restructuring plan within the first six months of 2013. These reductions are expected to result in annualized savings of approximately $0.5 million.

Summary of Critical Accounting Policies; Significant Judgments and Estimates

Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The preparation of these consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. We monitor our estimates on an on-going basis for changes in facts and circumstances, and material changes in these estimates could occur in the future. Changes in estimates are recorded in the period in which they become known. We base our estimates on historical experience and other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from our estimates if past experience or other assumptions do not turn out to be substantially accurate.

We have identified the policies below as critical to our business operations and the understanding of our results of operations. The impact and any associated risks related to these policies on our business operations is discussed throughout "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" where such policies affect our reported and expected financial results. For a detailed discussion on the application of these and other accounting policies, see Note 2 in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012.

Foreign Currency Translation

The functional currency of our foreign subsidiary is the Euro. Assets and liabilities of the foreign subsidiary are translated using the exchange rate existing on each respective balance sheet date. Revenues and expenses are translated using the monthly average exchange rates prevailing throughout the year. The translation adjustments resulting from this process are included as a component of accumulated currency translation adjustment.

The Company recognized gains from foreign currency transactions of $200,452 during the year ended December 31, 2012, and losses from foreign currency transactions of $623,093, and $7,698 in 2011 and 2010, respectively.

Fair Value Measurements

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received from selling an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. When determining the fair value measurements for assets and liabilities required to be recorded at fair value, we consider the principal or most advantageous market in which we would transact and consider assumptions that market participants would use when pricing the asset or liability, such as inherent risk, transfer restrictions, and risk of nonperformance. The accounting standard establishes a fair value hierarchy that requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value.

A financial instrument's categorization within the fair value hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value are:

? Level 1 - Valuation is based upon quoted prices for identical instruments traded in active markets. Level 1instruments include securities traded on active exchange markets, such as the New York Stock Exchange.

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? Level 2 - Valuation is based upon quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active and model-based valuation techniques for which all significant assumptions are observable in the market.

? Level 3 - Valuation is generated from model-based techniques that use significant assumptions not observable in the market. These unobservable assumptions reflect our own estimates of assumptions market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability.

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

We maintain allowances for doubtful accounts for estimated losses resulting from the inability of our customers to make required payments. In determining the adequacy of the allowance for doubtful accounts, management specifically analyzes individual accounts receivable, historical bad debts, customer concentrations, customer credit-worthiness, current economic conditions, accounts receivable aging trends and changes in our customer payment terms.


Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market, with cost being determined using the first-in, first-out method. Work-in-process and finished goods inventories include materials, labor, and manufacturing overhead.

The Company's policy is to write-down inventory when conditions exist that suggests inventory may be in excess of anticipated demand or is obsolete based upon assumptions about future demand for the Company's products and market conditions. The Company regularly evaluates the ability to realize the value of inventory based on a combination of factors including, but not limited to:
historical usage rates, forecasted sales or usage, product end of life dates, and estimated current or future market values. Purchasing requirements and alternative usage avenues are explored within these processes to mitigate inventory exposure.

As part of the restructuring plan we adopted during the fourth quarter of 2012, we wrote down inventory related to our tissue engineering operation and included an expense of approximately $0.1 million as a component of the overall restructuring charge. See "Restructuring Charges."

Revenue Recognition - General

We recognize revenue from product sales when all of the following criteria are met: persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; delivery has occurred or services have been rendered; the seller's price to the buyer is fixed or determinable; and collection from the customer is reasonably assured.

Product Revenue

Revenues from product sales are recognized when title and risk of loss have passed to the customer, which is typically upon shipment to the customer. Amounts billed or collected prior to recognition of revenue are classified as deferred revenue. When determining whether risk of loss has transferred to customers on product sales, or if the sales price is fixed or determinable, the Company evaluates both the contractual terms and conditions of its distribution and supply agreements as well as its business practices.

Product revenue also includes royalties. Royalty revenue is based on our distributors' sales and recognized in the same period our distributors record their sale of products manufactured by us. On a quarterly basis we record royalty revenue based upon sales projections provided to us by our distributor customers. If necessary we adjust our estimates based upon final sales data received prior to issuing our annual audited financial statements.

Licensing, Milestone and Contract Revenue

Licensing, milestone, and contract revenue consists of revenue recognized on initial and milestone payments, as well as contractual amounts received from partners. The Company's business strategy includes entering into collaborative license, development and/or supply agreements with partners for the development and commercialization of the Company's products.

The terms of the agreements typically include non-refundable license fees, funding of research and development, and payments based upon achievement of certain milestones. The Company adopted Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2009-13, Revenue Recognition, in January 2011, which amends Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Subtopic 605-25, Multiple Element Arrangements ("ASC 605-25") to require the establishment of a selling price hierarchy for determining the allocable selling price of an item. Under ASC 605-25, as amended by ASU 2009-13, in order to account for an element as a separate unit of accounting, the element must have objective and reliable evidence of selling price of the undelivered elements. In general, non-refundable upfront fees and milestone payments that do not relate to other elements are recognized as revenue over the term of the arrangement as the Company completes its performance obligations.

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Property and Equipment

Property and equipment are recorded at cost and depreciated using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives. Computer hardware and software are typically amortized over three to five years, and furniture and fixtures over five to seven years. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of their useful lives or the remaining terms of the related leases. Property and equipment under capital leases are amortized over the lesser of the lease terms or their estimated useful lives. Maintenance and repairs are charged to expense when incurred; additions and improvements are capitalized. When an item is sold or retired, the cost and related accumulated depreciation is relieved, and the resulting gain or loss, if any, is recognized in income.

Goodwill and Acquired In-Process Research and Development

Goodwill is the amount by which the purchase price of acquired net assets in a business combination exceeded the fair values of net identifiable assets on the date of acquisition. Acquired In-Process Research and Development ("IPR&D") represents the fair value assigned to research and development assets that we acquire that have not been completed at the date of acquisition or are pending regulatory approval in certain jurisdictions. The value assigned to acquired IPR&D is determined by estimating the costs to develop the acquired technology into commercially viable products, estimating the resulting revenue from the projects, and discounting the net cash flows to present value.

Goodwill and IPR&D are evaluated for impairment annually or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the asset might be impaired. Factors we consider important, on an overall company basis, that could trigger an impairment review include significant underperformance relative to historical or projected future operating results, significant changes in our use of the acquired assets or the strategy for our overall business, significant negative industry or economic trends, a significant decline in our stock price for a sustained period, or a reduction of our market capitalization relative to net book value.

To conduct impairment tests of goodwill, the fair value of the acquired reporting unit is compared to its carrying value. If the reporting unit's carrying value exceeds its fair value, we record an impairment loss to the extent that the carrying value of goodwill exceeds its implied fair value. We estimate the fair value for reporting units using discounted cash flow valuation models which require the use of significant estimates and assumptions including but not limited to: risk free rate of return on an investment, weighted average cost of capital, future revenue, operating margin, working capital and capital expenditure needs. Our annual assessment for impairment of goodwill as of November 30, 2012 indicated that the fair value of our reporting unit exceeded the carrying value of the reporting unit. Anika S.r.l. is our only acquired reporting unit and currently holds 100% of the goodwill associated with the 2009 acquisition of that company.

To conduct impairment tests of IPR&D, the fair value of the IPR&D projects is compared to the carrying value. If the carrying value exceeds its fair value, we record an impairment loss to the extent that the carrying value of the IPR&D project exceeds its fair value. We estimate the fair values for IPR&D projects using discounted cash flow valuation models which require the use of significant estimates and assumptions including, but not limited to: estimating the timing of and expected costs to complete the in-process projects, projecting regulatory approvals, estimating future cash flows from product sales resulting from completed projects and in-process projects, and developing appropriate discount rates. Excluding our fourth quarter 2012 restructuring and related impairment charges, our annual assessment for impairment of IPR&D indicated that the fair value of our IPR&D as of November 30, 2012 exceeded their respective carrying values.

Through December 31, 2012 there have not been any events or changes in circumstances that indicate that the carrying value of goodwill or acquired intangible assets may not be recoverable. The fair value of the equity of the . . .

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