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SRNA > SEC Filings for SRNA > Form 10-Q on 20-Nov-2012All Recent SEC Filings

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Form 10-Q for SURNA INC.


Quarterly Report


You should read the following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations together with the information in our consolidated financial statements (unaudited) for the current period and our consolidated annual audited financial statements for the last fiscal year as filed on Form 10-K, and the notes thereto and other financial information incorporated by reference. Some of the information contained in this discussion and analysis includes forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. You should review the "Risk Factors" section of our last annual report for a discussion of important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the results described in or implied by the forward-looking statements contained in the following discussion and analysis.

Liquidity and Capital resources

We are a start-up company and have not yet generated significant revenues from our business operations. Our former auditors have issued a going concern opinion; this means that our auditors believe there is substantial doubt that we can continue as an on-going business for the next twelve months unless we obtain additional capital. Accordingly, we must raise cash from sources other than operations. Our only other source of funds at this time is further investment in our company by existing shareholders or others. If we need additional funds and cannot raise them, we will either have to suspend operations until we raise sufficient capital, or cease operations entirely.

Since inception, we have sold 75,000,000 shares of common stock to 7bridge Capital Management Limited for $15,000. From September through November, 2011 the company placed 4,175,000 shares to 51 individuals at $0.02 per shares and raised $83,500 excluding expenses.

We issued 79,175,000 shares of common stock, 75,000,000 shares pursuant to the exemption from registration contained in Regulation S of the Securities Act of 1933 and 4,175,000 shares pursuant to our public offering. Both were accounted for as sales of common stock. On May 16, 2011 we declared a stock dividend of 4 new shares for each 1 share held, with a record date of May 18, 2011. On May 18, 2011 our Board of Directors approved an increase in authorized capital from 100,000,000 common shares to 350,000,000 common shares.

There is limited historical financial information about us upon which to base an evaluation of our performance. We are in a start-up stage of operations and have not generated significant revenues and are subject to risks inherent in the establishment of a new business enterprise, including limited capital resources. We have no assurance that future financing will be available to us on acceptable terms. If financing is not available on satisfactory terms, we may be unable to continue, develop or expand our operations. Equity financing could result in additional dilution to existing shareholders.

As of December 31, 2011, our total current assets were $9,118 and our total current liabilities were $1,709,008, hence a working capital deficit of $1,699,890.

As of September 30, 2012, our total current assets were $162,627 and our total current liabilities were $2,319,641, hence a working capital deficit of $2,157,014.

Results of Operations

We are a start-up stage corporation and have not generated or realized significant revenues from our business operations. To meet our initial need for cash we raised money from our public offering. Our only other source for cash at this time is investments by others in our company, and if we can not rely on loans from our officers, shareholders or others in order for us to maintain our operations we may need to find alternative sources, such as a second public offering or a private placement of securities. At present, if we cannot generate sufficient revenues to continue operations or if we do not secure any additional funding we may either have to suspend operations until we do raise funds, or cease operations entirely.


We intend to engage in the further development of our online games that can be played through a browser or on a mobile device. According to reports from the China Internet Network Information Center ("CNNIC") of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, in the first half of 2012 registered users of web-game users reached 207 million and 78.2 million for mobile games (the report can be accessed through - in Chinese).

CNNIC estimated that revenues in the first six months of 2012 in the PRC from web-games exceeded RMB 23.55 billion (approximately US$ 3.9 billion), and forecast a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) for 2012 to 2016 of 18.6%. Revenues for mobile games for the same period were estimated at RMB 1.2 billion (approximately US$ 200 million), with a CAGR 34.6% expected for 2012 to 2016.

To-date, our development efforts have focused on two main areas that span both the web and mobile platforms: firstly, games developed in conjunction with animated television series; and secondly, more traditional products targeted at a teenage and young-adult male audience. Our games that are related to animated series are:

Ori-Princess, a game 2D side-scrolling role-playing game with characters from the popular Chinese animated television series Ori-Princess, targeted primarily for teenaged girls and young women.

Ori-Princess: Spring Cleaning, a pattern-matching game for iOS and Android mobile devices.

Hamsterland, a social network and online game designed for young children and pre-teens with characters from a children's animated series.

A Hamsterland game for the iPhone mobile platform.

Our traditionally-themed games for the PRC market are:

Serica, an ARPG online game based on a Chinese fantasy theme and featuring realistic-style graphics and martial-art fighting.

Demon Immortal a Chinese-mythology themed game in a super-deformed cartoon style (known as "SD") designed to appeal to female and younger users.

Qia Ke Zhong Shi, an ARPG game incorporating influences from kung-fu novels and which will be targeted at a more general audience.

The development of Hamsterland has been contracted to Flying Cloud by Shuren Limited, a BVI corporation ("Shuren"), which is owned and controlled by Lim Clarke & Co Limited, a BVI corporation controlled by our Directors and which is the majority shareholder of Surna Inc ("Lim Clarke"). Shuren holds a license to utilize the hamster cartoon characters for online games, mobile games and social networks. Hamsterland has been released for beta-testing and the iPhone version of the Hamsterland game is currently in development.

All of these games are expected to be free-to-play for the user, with revenue being generated through the purchase by the player of in-game items and upgrades. Depending on the negotiated commercial terms, game publishers would normally undertake to support marketing and other operating costs, and the game developer would receive a revenue and/or profit share from the games.

Online Game licensing in the PRC

As the copyright ownership of online games that are to be distributed in the PRC is restricted to domestic PRC entities (that is, a natural person who is a citizen or corporations that are not foreign-invested), commercial distribution of any products that are the copyright of our subsidiary corporation in the PRC, Flying Cloud Information Technology Co. Ltd. ("Flying Cloud") as a foreign-owned entity, would not be possible. Accordingly, the copyright, for the PRC only, for our online games is held in-trust for Flying Cloud by Jurun Information Technology (Shanghai) Co. Ltd. ("Jurun"). Jurun is incorporated in Shanghai and its equity interest is owned by two PRC citizens, who hold the company in-trust for a British Virgin Islands ("BVI") corporation, Evident Games Limited ("Evident"), through a series of contractual arrangements that make Jurun a Variable Interest Entity ("VIE") of Evident. Evident is in turn controlled by Lim Clarke & Co, the majority shareholder of Surna Inc.

Publishing rights for the Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese and Korean versions of the game have been licensed by Jurun to Beijing Kunlun World Wide Technology Share Co., Ltd., an enterprise organized under the laws of the PRC ("Kunlun"). On 19 March 2012, Flying Cloud entered into a Technical Services agreement (the "Technical Services Contract") with Jurun, in a transaction that is effectively a licensing of the Simplified Chinese version of the game. An exclusive, global license to publish the Simplified Chinese version of the game has been granted by Jurun to Kunlun for a term of 5 years from date of the commencement of commercial operations. The terms of the Technical Services Contract between Jurun and Flying Cloud mirror the terms of Jurun's licensing agreement with Kunlun, and provide for Flying Cloud to receive the full economic benefit of the licensing of the Simplified Chinese version of the game. Under the terms of the contract for development work that was undertaken on the game, 20% of the income derived from the game by Surna is due to YouQu Interactive (Beijing) Technology Co. Ltd. ("YouQu"), a company controlled by Yeah YE, a former consultant to Flying Cloud.

Mobile game publishing in the PRC

There are no similar restrictions in the PRC on the publishing of games for mobile devices, and therefore these games are the copyright of Surna Inc. worldwide, including in China, and will be published on the Apple Appstore and Google Play and other Android app markets by Surna. It is our intention to transition these operations to our newly incorporated subsidiary Qoo Games Limited in the first half of 2013.

Game engines

Most of our 2.5D ARPG games use our Tempest game and client engines. Game engines are a core software component for online games running on the web server, and provide the main processing functions for the computation and display of on-screen action. Our Tempest game engine is written in the C++ programming language and its features include load balancing, module message distribution, attributes server, particle effects and real-time data backup. The client engine features centralized management and monitoring, map editors, dynamic map loading and rendering and custom attributes. Serica utilizes a modified engine Tempest A (MudRV) that was developed by YouQu, and for which we have been granted a license for its use in the game. An updated Tempest 2 engine is in development which will include support for new block-inclined isometric geometry and extra effects editors.

Target Markets

We plan to develop further games and social communities for children, pre-teens and teens, female players and young-adults over the next two years. These will include online and mobile games and we intend, whenever possible, to work with the producers of animated TV-series and movies in the PRC on licensing and product tie-ins. At present we have limited financial resources and this may restrict or render ineffective marketing and advertising program that we will need to undertake, which may materially effect our operations. Our primary target for online gaming customers are children and young adults, female game players, students and office workers. As game developers we intend to reach the end-user through the licensing of our products to independent publishers, however we may at some point choose to supplement there efforts with online advertising, including display ads, paid search ads, and social media marketing campaigns.

Factors affecting results of our operations in China

The majority of our operations are carried out in the PRC and the Company's business, financial condition and results of operations may be influenced by the political, economic and legal environments, and by the general state of the PRC's economy and of the online games industry there. For example, we benefit from the overall economic growth in China in the past several years, which has resulted in increases in disposable income and discretionary consumer spending; the increasing use of the Internet; the growing popularity of online games in comparison with other forms of entertainment; and favorable demographic trends. Our results of operations may be adversely affected by an economic slowdown in China and other countries and regions where our games are operated, or the arrival of additional competition in the markets where we operate. They may be adversely affected by changes in governmental policies with respect to laws and regulations, anti-inflationary measures, currency conversion and remittance abroad, and rates and methods of taxation, among other things. Regulation imposed by the government of China and other countries on the online game industries may also have significant impact on our results of operations in the future.

Our operating results are more directly affected by company-specific factors including the following:

our cost of developing and marketing online games;

the speed at which we develop and launch new online games and related in-game items;

the popularity of our games and in-game items compared with those of our competitors;

the amount of our licensing revenues inside of China; and

the success of investments and merger and acquisition activities.

Our future growth will depend significantly upon our ability to continually and successfully develop and market additional online games that are attractive to players and to increase the monetization of our existing and future games in China.



Surna Inc. and Surna Networks, Inc. are each required to pay an annual fee to the Nevada Secretary of State of $165. Nevada has no corporate state income taxes. Although the majority of our operations are outside the United States, however we are required to file U.S. Federal income tax return.

British Virgin Islands

Surna Media is incorporated in the BVI. Under current laws, it is not subject to income or capital gains tax. In addition, payment of dividends to its shareholder, Surna Inc. is not subject to withholding tax.

Hong Kong

Our subsidiary in Hong Kong is subject to a profit tax at the rate of 16.5% on assessable profit determined under relevant Hong Kong tax regulations.

According to the Mainland and Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Arrangement on the Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with Respect to Taxes on Income, or the Tax Agreement, dividends paid by a foreign-invested enterprise in mainland China to its corporate shareholder in Hong Kong will be subject to withholding tax at a maximum rate of 5.0%, provided however that such Hong Kong company directly owns at least 25.0% of the equity interest in the mainland foreign-invested enterprise. However, under the new Enterprise Income Tax Law ("EIT") and its implementation rules, as well as Circular No. 601 issued by SAT in October 2009 (or "Circular 601), dividends from our PRC subsidiary paid to us through Surna HK may be subject to withholding tax at a rate of 10.0% if Surna HK is not considered to be the "beneficial owner" of the dividends distributed by a resident enterprise of the PRC.

Surna HK currently holds all the equity interest in our PRC operating company Flying Cloud. To the extent that Surna HK is considered a "non-resident enterprise" of the PRC under the Tax Agreement, dividends paid by Flying Cloud may be subject to a maximum withholding tax rate of 10.0%. Dividends paid by Surna HK to its shareholder will not be subject to any Hong Kong withholding tax.

China - PRC Enterprise Income Tax

Prior to January 1, 2008, companies established in China were generally subject to state and local EIT at statutory rates of 30% and 3%, respectively. On March 16, 2007, the National People's Congress of China enacted a new regulation, the PRC Enterprise Income Tax Law, which took effect beginning January 1, 2008. On December 6, 2007, the State Council also adopted the Implementing Rules for the Enterprise Income Tax Law, or the Implementing Rules, which also took effect beginning January 1, 2008. Under the PRC EIT Law, foreign invested enterprises (or "FIEs"), and Chinese domestic companies are subject to EIT at a uniform rate of 25%. On February 22, 2008, the Ministry of Finance and the State Administration of Taxation, or the SAT, promulgated the Notice on Several Preferential Policies in Respect of Enterprise Income Tax (or "Notice No. 1 2008"), reiterating the policy that a software enterprise newly established within China may, upon determination, be exempted from income taxes for its first two profit-making years and shall be subject to the income tax at half the standard rate for the next three years.

Qualification as a "software enterprise" is however subject to an annual assessment by the relevant government authorities in China. We may be classified as a "resident enterprise" for PRC enterprise income tax purposes, which could result in our global income becoming subject to 25% PRC enterprise income tax. Under the PRC EIT Law and the Implementing Rules, dividends generated from the business of our PRC subsidiary and payable to us may be subject to a withholding tax rate of 10% if we are considered a non-resident enterprise incorporated outside of the PRC unless there is an applicable tax treaty with China that provides for a different withholding arrangement and we are deemed to be entitled to such favorable treatment. If we were to be classified as a "resident enterprise" for PRC enterprise income tax purposes, this would result in our global income becoming subject to 25% PRC enterprise income tax.

Foreign currency and foreign currency translation

Foreign currency may have a major impact on our financial results. The functional currency of the Company is the United States Dollars ("USD"). The functional currency of the Company's operating subsidiary, Surna HK, is the Hong Kong Dollar ("HKD"). The functional currency of the Surna HK's operating subsidiary in PRC, Flying Cloud, is the Renminbi ("RMB"), the PRC's currency. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in currencies other than the functional currency are translated into the functional currency at rates of exchange prevailing at the balance sheet dates. Transactions denominated in currencies other than the functional currency are translated into the functional currency at the exchange rates prevailing at the dates of the transaction. Exchange gains or losses arising from foreign currency transactions are included in the determination of net income (loss) for the respective periods.

For financial reporting purposes, the consolidated financial statements of the Company are translated into the Company's reporting currency, United States Dollars ("USD"). Balance sheet accounts are translated using the closing exchange rate in effect at the balance sheet date and income and expense accounts are translated using the average exchange rate prevailing during the reporting period.

Adjustments resulting from the translation, if any, are included in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) in stockholders' equity (deficit).

Three Months Ended September 30, 2012 and September 30, 2011

Our revenues from Continuing Operation for the three months ended September 30, 2012 were $111,030 which was from our online games. The loss from continuing operations for the three months ended September 30, 2012 was $84,983 of which includes $151,860 for Salaries, $10,348 for Product development cost and $33,805 for general and administration expense.

Our revenues from Continuing Operation for the three months ended September 30, 2011 were $126 which was from our online games. We had a loss from continuing operation for the three months ended September 30, 2011 of $271,420 of which includes $185,132 for Salaries, $36,798 for Product development cost and $39,616 for general office administration expense.

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2012 and September 30, 2011

Our revenues from Continuing Operation for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 were $158,861 which was from our online games. The loss from continuing operations for the period ended September 30, 2012 was $479,613 of which includes $449,455 for Salaries, $39,620 for Product development cost and $149,399 for general and administration expense.

Our revenues from Continuing Operation for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 were $126 which was from our online games. We had a loss from operation for the period ended September 30, 2011 of $1,408,866 of which includes $378,580 for Salaries, $769,231 for Compensation expenses, $113,251 for Product development cost and $137,930 for general office administration expense.

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