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TICC > SEC Filings for TICC > Form 10-Q on 9-Nov-2012All Recent SEC Filings

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Form 10-Q for TICC CAPITAL CORP.


9-Nov-2012

Quarterly Report


ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements that involve substantial risks and uncertainties. These forward-looking statements are not historical facts, but rather are based on current expectations, estimates and projections about TICC, our current and prospective portfolio investments, our industry, our beliefs, and our assumptions. Words such as "anticipates," "expects," "intends," "plans," "will," "may," "continue," "believes," "seeks," "estimates," "would," "could," "should," "targets," "projects," and variations of these words and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q involve risks and uncertainties, including statements as to:

our future operating results;

our business prospects and the prospects of our portfolio companies;

the impact of investments that we expect to make;

our contractual arrangements and relationships with third parties;

the dependence of our future success on the general economy and its impact on the industries in which we invest;

the ability of our portfolio companies to achieve their objectives;

our expected financings and investments;

the adequacy of our cash resources and working capital; and

the timing of cash flows, if any, from the operations of our portfolio companies.

These statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks, uncertainties, and other factors, some of which are beyond our control and difficult to predict and could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or forecasted in the forward-looking statements, including without limitation:

an economic downturn could impair our portfolio companies' ability to continue to operate, which could lead to the loss of some or all of our investments in such portfolio companies;

a contraction of available credit and/or an inability to access the equity markets could impair our lending and investment activities;

interest rate volatility could adversely affect our results, particularly if we elect to use leverage as part of our investment strategy;

currency fluctuations could adversely affect the results of our investments in foreign companies, particularly to the extent that we receive payments denominated in foreign currency rather than U.S. dollars; and

the risks, uncertainties and other factors we identify in "Risk Factors" and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and in our filings with the SEC.

Although we believe that the assumptions on which these forward-looking statements are based are reasonable, any of those assumptions could prove to be inaccurate, and as a result, the forward-looking statements based on those assumptions also could be inaccurate. Important assumptions include our ability to originate new loans and investments, certain margins and levels of profitability and the availability of additional capital. In light of these and other uncertainties, the inclusion of a projection or forward-looking statement in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should not be regarded as a representation by us that our plans and objectives will be achieved. These risks and uncertainties include those described or identified in "Risk Factors" and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which apply only as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

Except where the context requires otherwise, the terms "TICC," "Company," "we," "us" and "our" refer to TICC Capital Corp. together with its subsidiaries, TICC Capital Corp. 2011-1 Holdings LLC ("Holdings") TICC CLO LLC ("2011 Securitization Issuer" or "TICC CLO") and TICC CLO 2012-1 LLC ("2012 Securitization Issuer" or "TICC CLO 2012-1"); "TICC Management" refers to TICC Management, LLC; and "BDC Partners" refers to BDC Partners, LLC.

The following analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and the related notes thereto contained elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

OVERVIEW

Our investment objective is to maximize our portfolio's total return. Our primary focus is to seek current income by investing in corporate debt securities. We have also invested and may continue to invest in structured finance investments, including CLO vehicles, which own debt securities. We may also invest in publicly traded debt and/or equity securities. We operate as a closed-end, non-diversified management investment company and have elected to be treated as a business development company under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the "1940 Act"). We have elected to be treated for tax purposes as a regulated investment company ("RIC"), under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the "Code"), beginning with our 2003 taxable year.

Our investment activities are managed by TICC Management, a registered investment adviser under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended. TICC Management is owned by BDC Partners, its managing member, and Charles M. Royce, our non-executive Chairman, who holds a minority, non-controlling interest in TICC Management. Jonathan H. Cohen, our Chief Executive Officer, and Saul B. Rosenthal, our President and Chief Operating Officer, are the members of BDC Partners. Under an investment advisory agreement (the "Investment Advisory Agreement"), we have agreed to pay TICC Management an annual base fee calculated on gross assets, and an incentive fee based upon our performance. Under an amended and restated administration agreement (the "Administration Agreement"), we have agreed to pay or reimburse BDC Partners, as administrator, for certain expenses incurred in operating TICC. Our executive officers and directors, and the executive officers of TICC Management and BDC Partners, serve or may serve as officers and directors of entities that operate in a line of business similar to our own. Accordingly, they may have obligations to investors in those entities, the fulfillment of which might not be in the best interests of us or our stockholders. For more information, see "Risk Factors-Risks Relating to our Business and Structure-There are significant potential conflicts of interest, which could impact our investment returns."

On August 10, 2011, the Company completed a $225.0 million debt securitization financing transaction. The Class A Notes offered in the debt securitization were issued by TICC CLO, a subsidiary of Holdings, a direct subsidiary of TICC, and the notes are secured by the assets held by the 2011 Securitization Issuer. The securitization was executed through a private placement of $101.25 million of Aaa/AAA Class A Notes of the 2011 Securitization Issuer. Holdings retained all of the subordinated notes, which totaled $123.75 million (the "2011 Subordinated Notes"), and retained all the membership interests in the 2011 Securitization Issuer.

On August 23, 2012, the Company completed a $160 million debt securitization financing transaction. The secured and subordinated notes offered in the debt securitization were issued by TICC CLO 2012-1 LLC ("2012 Securitization Issuer" or "TICC CLO 2012-1"), a newly formed special purpose vehicle that is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company. The secured notes of the 2012 Securitization Issuer have an aggregate face amount of $120 million and were issued in four classes. The class A-1 notes have an initial face amount of $88 million, are rated AAA(sf)/Aaa(sf) by Standard & Poor's Ratings Services (S&P) and Moody's Investors Service, Inc. (Moody's), respectively, and bear interest at three-month LIBOR plus 1.75%. The class B-1 notes have an initial face amount of $10 million, are rated AA(sf)/Aa2(sf) by S&P and Moody's, respectively, and bear interest at three-month LIBOR plus 3.50%. The class C-1 notes have an initial face amount of $11.5 million, are rated A(sf)/A2(sf) by S&P and Moody's, respectively, and bear interest at three-month LIBOR plus 4.75%. The class D-1 notes have an initial face amount of $10.5 million, are rated BBB(sf)/Baa2(sf) by S&P and Moody's, respectively, and bear interest at three-month LIBOR plus 5.75%. TICC presently owns all of the subordinated notes, which totaled $40 million, and $3 million of the class D-1 notes issued in this CLO transaction. For further information on this securitization, see Note 4.

On September 26, 2012, we completed a private placement of 5-year unsecured 7.50% Senior Convertible Notes Due 2017 (the "Convertible Notes"). A total of $105.0 million aggregate principal amount of the Convertible Notes were issued at the closing. An additional $10.0 million aggregate principal amount of the Convertible Notes were issued on October 22, 2012 pursuant to the exercise of the initial purchasers' option to purchase additional Convertible Notes. The Convertible Notes are convertible into shares of our common stock based on an initial conversion rate of 87.2448 shares of our common stock per $1,000 principal amount of Convertible Notes, which is equivalent to an initial conversion price of approximately $11.46 per share of common stock. The conversion price for the Convertible Notes will be reduced for quarterly cash dividends paid to common shares to the extent that the quarterly dividend exceeds $0.29 cents per share, subject to adjustment. The Convertible Notes bear interest at an annual rate of 7.50%, payable semiannually in arrears on May 1 and November 1 of each year, beginning May 1, 2013. The Convertible Notes mature on November 1, 2017, unless previously converted in accordance with their terms. The Convertible Notes are our general unsecured obligations, rank equally in right of payment with our future senior unsecured debt, and rank senior in right of payment to any potential subordinated debt, should any be issued in the future.

While the structure of our investments will vary, and while we invest across a wide range of different industries, we have historically overweighted our investments in the debt of technology-related companies. We seek to invest in entities that, as a general matter, have been operating for at least one year prior to the date of our investment and that will, at the time of our investment, have employees and revenues, and are cash flow positive. Many of these companies will have financial backing provided by private equity or venture capital funds or other financial or strategic sponsors at the time we make an investment. The types of portfolio companies in which we invest, however, will generally be considered below investment grade.

We generally expect to invest between $5 million and $25 million in each of our portfolio companies, although this investment size may vary proportionately as the size of our capital base changes and market conditions warrant, and accrue interest at fixed or variable rates. We expect that our investment portfolio will be diversified among a large number of investments with few investments, if any, exceeding 5% of the total portfolio. As of September 30, 2012, our debt investments had stated interest rates of between 3.81% and 16.00% (excluding our investment in GenuTec Business Solutions, Inc. which carries a zero interest rate through October 30, 2014) and maturity dates of between 5 and 144 months. In addition, our total portfolio had a weighted average yield on debt investments of approximately 10.3% including GenuTec Business Solutions, Inc.

Our loans may carry a provision for deferral of some or all of the interest payments and amendment fees, which will be added to the principal amount of the loan. This form of deferred income is referred to as "payment-in-kind," or "PIK," interest or other income and, when earned, is recorded as interest or other income and an increase in the principal amount of the loan. For the quarter ended September 30, 2012, we recognized approximately $201,000 from PIK interest and dividend income associated with our investments in Pegasus Solutions, Inc., Merrill Communications, LLC., and Shearers Food, Inc., compared to PIK interest of approximately $147,000 for the quarter ended September 30, 2011. In the event we recognize deferred loan interest income in excess of our available capital as a result of our receipt of PIK income, we may be required to liquidate assets in order to pay a portion of the incentive fee due to TICC Management.

We have historically and may continue to borrow funds to make investments. As a result, we are exposed to the risks of leverage, which may be considered a speculative investment technique. Borrowings, also known as leverage, magnify the potential for gain and loss on amounts invested and therefore increase the risks associated with investing in our securities. In addition, the costs associated with our borrowings, including any increase in the management fee payable to TICC Management, will be borne by our common stockholders.

In addition, as a BDC under the 1940 Act, we are required to make available significant managerial assistance, for which we may receive fees, to our portfolio companies. These fees would be generally non-recurring, however in some instances they may have a recurring component. We have received no fee income for managerial assistance to date.

Prior to making an investment, we may enter into a non-binding term sheet with the potential portfolio company. These term sheets are generally subject to a number of conditions, including but not limited to the satisfactory completion of our due diligence investigations of the company's business and legal documentation for the loan.

To the extent possible, our loans will be collateralized by a security interest in the borrower's assets or guaranteed by a principal to the transaction. Interest payments, if not deferred, are normally payable quarterly with most debt investments having scheduled principal payments on a monthly or quarterly basis. When we receive a warrant to purchase stock in a portfolio company, the warrant will typically have a nominal strike price, and will entitle us to purchase a modest percentage of the borrower's stock.

During the quarter ended September 30, 2012, we closed approximately $128.0 million in portfolio investments, including additional investments of approximately $44.2 million in existing portfolio companies and approximately $83.8 million in new portfolio companies. During the quarter ended September 30, 2012, we recognized a total of $45.3 million from principal repayments on debt investments, and we recognized approximately $9.0 million from the sale of portfolio investments. We realized net gains on investments during the quarter ended September 30, 2012 in the amount of approximately $1.8 million. For the quarter ended September 30, 2012, we had net unrealized appreciation of approximately $21.5 million.

Based upon the fair value determinations made in good faith by the Board of Directors, during the quarter ended September 30, 2012, we had net unrealized appreciation of approximately $21.5 million, comprised of $25.4 million in gross unrealized appreciation, $2.4 million in gross unrealized depreciation and approximately $1.5 million relating to the reversal of prior period net unrealized appreciation as an investment was realized. The most significant changes in net unrealized appreciation and depreciation during the quarter ended September 30, 2012 were as follows (in millions):

                                            Unrealized
                                           appreciation
Portfolio Company                         (depreciation)
Jersey Street 2006-1A CLO LTD.           $            1.5
Canaras CLO Equity - 2007-1A, 1X                      1.4
Emporia CLO 2007 3A E                                 1.2
Stone Tower CLO LTD 2007 7X                           1.1
ACA CLO 2007-1a sub                                   1.1
Muir Grove CLO LTD 2007 1X E                          1.0
GSC Partners 2007-8X Sub CDO                          0.9
Rampart 2007-1A CLO Equity                            0.7
OCT11 2007-1A CLO                                     0.7
ACA CLO 2006-2, Limited                               0.7
Merrill Communications, LLC                           0.6
Fusionstorm, Inc. 2                                   0.6
Prospero CLO II BV                                    0.6
Band Digital Inc.                                    (0.7 )
American Integration Technologies, LLC               (1.4 )
Net all other                                        11.5

Total                                    $           21.5

For the quarter ended September 30, 2011, we recorded net realized gains on investments of approximately $0.1 million, which represents the gain realized on the repayment of our investment in Flexera Software.

Based upon the fair value determinations made in good faith by the Board of Directors, during the quarter ended September 30, 2011, we had net unrealized depreciation of approximately $20.1 million, comprised of $0.3million in gross unrealized appreciation, $20.3 million in gross unrealized depreciation and approximately $0.1 million relating to the reversal of prior period net unrealized appreciation as an investment was realized. The most significant changes in net unrealized appreciation and depreciation during the quarter ended September 30, 2011 were as follows (in millions):

                                      Unrealized
                                     appreciation
Portfolio Company                   (depreciation)
Vision Solutions, Inc.             $           (0.4 )
CIFC CLO - 2006-1A B2L                         (0.4 )
Ocean Trails CLO II 2007-2a-d                  (0.4 )
Hewetts Island CDO 2007 - 1RA E                (0.4 )
Nextag, Inc.                                   (0.4 )
Primus 2007 2X Class E CLO                     (0.4 )
GXS Worldwide Inc.                             (0.4 )
Canaras CLO Equity - 2007-1A, 1X               (0.4 )
Latitude II CLO 2006 2A D                      (0.4 )
RBS Holding Company                            (0.4 )
Loomis Sayles CLO 2006-1AE                     (0.5 )
Pegasus Solutions, Inc.                        (0.5 )
Hewetts Island CDO III 2005-1A D               (0.5 )
Jersey Straits 2006-1A CLO LTD                 (0.5 )
Avenue CLO V LTD 2007-5A D1                    (0.5 )
SourceHov, LLC                                 (0.6 )
Lightpoint CLO 2007-8a                         (0.6 )
ACA CLO 2006-2, Limited                        (0.6 )
Latitude III CLO 2007-3A                       (0.6 )
Landmark V CDO LTD                             (0.6 )
Emporia CLO 2007 3A E                          (0.7 )
Harch 2005-2A BB CLO                           (0.7 )
Integra Telecomm, Inc.                         (0.9 )
Hewetts Island CDO IV 2006-4                   (1.0 )
Prospero CLO II BV                             (2.0 )
Net all other                                  (5.3 )

Total                              $          (20.1 )

Current Market and Economic Conditions

Current market conditions appear generally stable. During 2011 and through the quarter ended September 30, 2012, we saw much less severe price volatility for corporate loans (compared with the prior three year period), consistent with many other parts of the debt and equity markets. During 2012, the market for new investments has become more competitive and yields have generally decreased. We expect the market for new investments to remain competitive through the remainder of 2012. In view of the above circumstances, we continue to invest in syndicated and larger middle-market loans, and, opportunistically, in certain structured finance investments, including collateralized loan obligation investment vehicles, and continue to be active in those markets.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The preparation of financial statements and related disclosures in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and revenues and expenses during the periods reported. Actual results could materially differ from those estimates. We have identified our investment valuation policy as a critical accounting policy.

Investment Valuation

The most significant estimates made in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements are the valuation of investments and the related amounts of unrealized appreciation and depreciation of investments recorded. We believe that there is no single definitive method for determining fair value in good faith. As a result, determining fair value requires that judgment be applied to the specific facts and circumstances of each portfolio investment while employing a consistently applied valuation process for the types of investments we make. We are required to specifically fair value each individual investment on a quarterly basis.

In May 2011, the FASB issued ASU 2011-04, " Fair Value Measurement which represents amendments to achieve common fair value measurement and disclosure requirements in US GAAP and IFRS ." The amendments are of two types: (i) those that clarify the FASB's intent about the application of existing fair value measurement and disclosure requirements and (ii) those that change a particular principle or requirement for measuring fair value or for disclosing information about fair value measurements. The amendments that change a particular principle or requirement for measuring fair value or disclosing information about fair value measurements relate to (i) measuring the fair value of the financial instruments that are managed within a portfolio; (ii) application of premium and discount in a fair value measurement; and (iii) additional disclosures about fair value measurements. The update is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011 and as such we have adopted this ASU beginning with the quarter ended March 31, 2012. We have increased our disclosures related to Level 3 fair value measurement, in addition to other required disclosures. There were no related impacts on our financial position or results of operations.

We adopted ASC 820-10, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosure, which establishes a three-level valuation hierarchy for disclosure of fair value measurements, on January 1, 2008. ASC 820-10 clarified the definition of fair value and requires companies to expand their disclosure about the use of fair value to measure assets and liabilities in interim and annual periods subsequent to initial recognition. ASC 820-10 defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. ASC 820-10 also establishes a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value. These tiers include: Level 1, defined as observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets; Level 2, which includes inputs such as quoted prices for similar securities in active markets and quoted prices for identical securities in markets that are not active; and Level 3, defined as unobservable inputs for which little or no market data exists, therefore requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions. We have determined that due to the general illiquidity of the market for our investment portfolio, whereby little or no market data exists, almost all of our investments are based upon "Level 3" inputs.

Our Board of Directors determines the value of our investment portfolio each quarter. In connection with that determination, members of TICC Management's portfolio management team prepare portfolio company valuations using the most recent portfolio company financial statements and forecasts. Since March 2004, we have engaged third-party valuation firms to provide assistance in valuing our bilateral investments and, more recently, for certain of our syndicated loans, although our Board of Directors ultimately determines the appropriate valuation of each such investment.

Our process for determining the fair value of a bilateral investment begins with determining the enterprise value of the portfolio company. Enterprise value means the entire value of the company to a potential buyer, including the sum of the values of debt and equity securities used to capitalize the enterprise at a point in time. The fair value of our investment is based, in part, on the enterprise value at which the portfolio company could be sold in an orderly disposition over a reasonable period of time between willing parties other than in a forced or liquidation sale. The liquidity event whereby we exit a private investment is generally the sale, the recapitalization or, in some cases, the initial public offering of the portfolio company.

There is no one methodology to determine enterprise value and, in fact, for any one portfolio company, enterprise value is best expressed as a range of fair values, from which we derive a single estimate of enterprise value. To determine the enterprise value of a portfolio company, we analyze the historical and projected financial results, as well as the nature and value of any collateral. We also use industry valuation benchmarks and public market comparables. We also consider other events, including private mergers and acquisitions, a purchase transaction, public offering or subsequent debt or equity sale or restructuring, and include these events in the enterprise valuation process. We generally require portfolio companies to provide annual audited and quarterly unaudited financial statements, as well as annual projections for the upcoming fiscal year.

Typically, our bilateral debt investments are valued on the basis of a fair value determination arrived at through an analysis of the borrower's financial and operating condition or other factors, as well as consideration of the entity's enterprise value. The types of factors that we may take into account in valuing our investments include: market trading and transaction comparables, applicable market yields and multiples, security covenants, call protection provisions, the nature and realizable value of any collateral, the portfolio company's ability to make payments and its earnings and discounted cash flows, among other factors. The fair value of equity interests in portfolio companies is determined based on various factors, including the enterprise value remaining for equity holders after the repayment of the portfolio company's debt and other preference capital, and other pertinent factors such as recent offers to purchase a portfolio company, recent transactions involving the purchase or sale of the portfolio company's equity securities, or other liquidity events. The determined equity values are generally discounted when we have a minority position, restrictions on resale, specific concerns about the receptivity of the capital markets to a specific company at a certain time, or other factors.

We will record unrealized depreciation on bilateral investments when we believe that an investment has become impaired, including where collection of a loan or realization of an equity security is doubtful. To the extent that we believe that it has become probable that a loan is not collectible or probable that an equity investment is not realizable, we will classify that amount as a realized loss. We will record unrealized appreciation if we believe that the underlying portfolio company has appreciated in value and our equity security has also appreciated in value. Changes in fair value, other than such changes that are considered probable of non-collection or non-realization, as described above, are recorded in the statement of operations as net change in unrealized appreciation or depreciation.

Under the valuation procedures approved by our Board of Directors, upon the recommendation of the Valuation Committee, a third-party valuation firm will . . .

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