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ASIA > SEC Filings for ASIA > Form 10-Q on 8-Nov-2012All Recent SEC Filings

Show all filings for ASIAINFO-LINKAGE, INC



Quarterly Report


Except for historical information, the statements contained in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q are forward-looking statements within the meaning of
Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act. The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, or the Reform Act, contains certain safe harbors regarding forward-looking statements. Certain of the forward-looking statements include management's expectations, intentions and beliefs with respect to our growth, our operating results, the nature of the industry in which we are engaged, our business strategies and plans for future operations, our needs for capital expenditures, capital resources and liquidity, and similar expressions concerning matters that are not historical facts. Such forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in the statements. All forward-looking statements included in this report are based on information available to us on the date hereof, and we assume no obligation to update any such forward-looking statements. These cautionary statements are being made pursuant to the provisions of the Reform Act with the intention of obtaining the benefits of the safe harbor provisions of the Reform Act. The factors that could cause actual results to differ materially include, but are not limited to, the factors discussed under the heading "Risk Factors" in our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011, or our 2011 Form 10-K, in Item 1A of our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2012, filed with the SEC on August 8, 2012, or our Q2 2012 Form 10-Q, and in the reports we file with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, from time to time.

In this report, the "Company," "we," "us" and "our" refer to AsiaInfo-Linkage, Inc. and its subsidiaries and consolidated variable interest entities, or VIEs, "Linkage" refers to Linkage Technologies International Holdings Limited, and "AsiaInfo" refers to the Company prior to its combination with Linkage.


We are the leading provider of high-quality telecommunications software solutions and information technology, or IT, products and services in China. Our software and services enable our customers to build, maintain, operate, manage and improve their communications infrastructure. Our largest customers are the major telecommunications carriers in China and their provincial subsidiaries, including China Mobile Communications Corporation, or China Mobile, China United Telecommunications Corporation, or China Unicom, and China Telecommunications Corporation, or China Telecom.

We have penetrated into China's cable television business supporting system market through our Hangzhou Zhongbo subsidiary, which provides IT solutions, including business support systems such as billing and customer relationship management software and services. We won several important contracts to provide modernized business support systems for consolidated provincial-level cable operational entities, such as in Jiangsu province and Zhejiang province, as well as entities in Chongqing and Beijing. We believe the successful implementation of these projects has brought additional value to our customers and positions us well for future cable industry consolidation among multiple regional operators, which we expect to accelerate in the coming years.

We are also expanding our footprint in the international telecommunications software and services market by leveraging the valuable experience gained from our Chinese telecommunications carriers. In 2011, we won new contracts from customers in Southeast Asia, including Malaysia, Nepal and others, after an detailed selection process against other industry leading vendors, which is a significant achievement given the long selling cycle of business support software. In June 2012, we opened our first European based sales office in Cambridge, United Kingdom as part of our ongoing initiative to expand operations across Europe, Middle East and Africa (EMEA) markets.

We commenced our operations in the United States, or the U.S., in 1993 and moved our major operations from the U.S. to China in 1995. We began generating significant network solutions revenues in 1996 and significant software revenues in 1998. We conduct the bulk of our business through our operating subsidiaries, most of which are Chinese companies. On July 1, 2010, we completed the combination with Linkage and, in connection with the closing, changed our corporate name to "AsiaInfo-Linkage, Inc."

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We have derived, and believe that we will continue to derive, a significant portion of our revenues from a limited number of large telecommunications customers, such as China Mobile, China Unicom and China Telecom and their respective provincial subsidiaries. The following table shows our revenues and percentage of total revenues derived from those three customers (and their respective provincial subsidiaries) for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011.

                                                                    Three Months Ended September 30,
                                                     2012                                                      2011
                                    Revenues                Percentage of Total               Revenues               Percentage of Total
                                (in  thousands)                  Revenues                  (in  thousands)                Revenues
China Mobile                   $           68,759                             52 %        $          61,553                            52 %
China Telecom                              24,591                             19 %                   20,507                            17 %
China Unicom                               33,502                             25 %                   35,404                            29 %

Total                          $          126,852                             96 %        $         117,464                            98 %

As a result of our reliance on our key customers in the telecommunications industry, our operating results are influenced by governmental spending policies in that sector. Historically, there have been a number of state-mandated restructurings in China's telecommunications sector. Some of these restructurings have led to cancellation or delays in telecommunications-related capital expenditures that have negatively impacted our operating results in certain periods. Other restructurings have caused our revenues to increase as carriers have increased spending on software and IT infrastructure designed to increase their competitiveness. Any future restructurings affecting our major telecommunications customers could have an adverse impact on our business.

For financial reporting purposes, we present our revenues as follows:

Software products and solutions;

Services; and

Third-party hardware.

Recent Developments

On January 20, 2012, we announced the receipt of a non-binding proposal letter from Power Joy (Cayman) Limited, or Power Joy, a wholly owned subsidiary of CITIC Capital China Partners II, L.P., pursuant to which Power Joy proposed to acquire all of our outstanding shares of common stock in cash at a price that represents a premium over the stock price. A special committee of the board of directors, or the Special Committee, was formed to consider the proposal and any potential alternative transactions. The Special Committee retained Shearman & Sterling LLP as its legal counsel and Goldman Sachs (Asia) L.L.C. as its financial advisor to assist it in consideration of such matters. On March 26, 2012, we announced that the Special Committee would solicit interest from, and engage in discussions with, other potential qualified interested parties regarding a potential transaction involving us, and to evaluate any proposals it receives. There can be no assurance that any definitive offer will be made, that any agreement will be executed or that any transaction will be approved of or consummated.

In June 2012, we opened an office in Cambridge, United Kingdom as part of our ongoing initiative to expand international operations, particularly in the European, Middle Eastern and African (EMEA) markets.


In accordance with authoritative accounting guidance, we recognize revenue when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred, the fee is fixed or determinable, collectability is probable, and conditions set forth in other applicable revenue recognition guidance and interpretations are satisfied.

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Our revenue is derived from three primary sources: (i) software licenses and related services, including implementation, customization and integration, post-contract customer support, or PCS, training and consulting;
(ii) professional services for systems design, planning, consulting, and system integration; and (iii) the procurement of hardware on behalf of customers.

Our multiple-element arrangements relate to our software licenses and related services, including implementation, customization and integration, PCS, training, consulting and third-party hardware procurement.

Software products and solutions revenue. Revenues of software licenses and related services, including implementation, customization and integration, PCS, training and consulting, are recognized using the percentage of completion method over the service period based on the relationship of costs already incurred to the total estimated costs to be incurred because such customer orders require significant production, modifications, or customization of the software. We consider total project costs (labor costs and other related costs) in calculating the percentage of completion and recognize cost of sales on an actual basis with no deferral of project costs, including pre-contract costs. Software arrangements with significant production, modifications, or customization are sold with bundled third-party hardware and PCS services. Because PCS services have never been sold separately in these arrangements, they do not have stand-alone fair value or vendor-specific objective evidence of fair value. The percentage of completion method of revenue recognition is therefore applied to the period from the start of the significant production, modifications, or customization through the last element delivered, which is typically the end of the bundled PCS services period. Revisions in estimated contract costs are made in the period in which the circumstances requiring the revision become known. Provisions, if any, are made currently for anticipated losses on uncompleted contracts. In addition, we provide multiple services and products (software, hardware, implementation, maintenance and managed services) to certain customers for projects outside of China. Revenue is deferred during the implementation phases and recognized ratably over the managed service periods upon the completion of implementation phases.

Service revenue. Revenues of professional services for systems design, planning, consulting, and system integration are recognized when the services are performed.

In addition, we generate service revenues by acting as a sales agent for International Business Machines Corporation, or IBM, or its distributors, and a few other hardware vendors, for certain products sold to our customers, which we refer to as our IBM-Type Arrangements. The service fee under the IBM-Type Arrangements is determined as a percentage of the gross contract amount. We have evaluated the criteria outlined in guidance issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or the FASB, regarding reporting revenue gross as principal versus net as an agent, in determining whether to record as revenues the gross amount billed to our customers and related costs or the net amount earned after deducting hardware costs paid to the vendor, even though we bear inventory risks after the vendor ships the products to us and we bill gross amounts to our customers. We record the net amount earned after deducting hardware costs as agency service revenue because (1) the vendor is the primary obligor in these transactions, (2) we have no latitude in establishing the prices, (3) we are not involved in the determination of the product specifications, (4) we do not bear credit risk because we are contractually obligated to pay the vendor only when the customers pay us, and (5) we do not have the right to select suppliers.

Third-party hardware revenue. Revenues of the procurement of hardware on behalf of customers, if not bundled with other arrangements, are recognized when shipped and customer acceptance obtained, if all other revenue recognition criteria are met. Costs associated with revenues are recognized when incurred. If bundled with other arrangements, we generally bifurcate the third-party hardware from the development services and recognize the hardware revenue upon customer acceptance using estimated prices based on cost plus a margin, which we believe to be the fair value of the selling price.

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Net revenue. Although we report our revenue on a gross basis, inclusive of hardware acquisition costs, we manage our business internally based on revenues net of hardware costs, or net revenues, a non-GAAP measure. We believe this approach is consistent with our strategy of providing our customers with high value IT professional services and, where efficient, outsourcing lower-end services such as hardware acquisition and installation. This strategy may result in lower growth rates for total revenue as against prior periods, but will not adversely impact revenue net of hardware costs. The following table shows our revenue breakdown on this basis and reconciles our net revenues to total revenues:

                                                            Three Months Ended September 30,
                                                              2012                     2011
Revenues net of hardware costs:
Software products and solutions revenue                 $        120,870         $        108,428
Service revenue                                                    8,412                    8,689
Third-party hardware revenue net of hardware costs                   147                      108

Total revenues net of hardware costs                             129,429                  117,225
Total hardware costs                                               2,792                    2,060

Total revenues                                          $        132,221         $        119,285

                                                             Nine Months Ended September 30,
                                                              2012                     2011
Revenues net of hardware costs:
Software products and solutions revenue                 $        351,704         $        312,661
Service revenue                                                   22,919                   22,706
Third-party hardware revenue net of hardware costs                   379                      729

Total revenues net of hardware costs                             375,002                  336,096
Total hardware costs                                               7,187                   13,856

Total revenues                                          $        382,189         $        349,952

We believe total revenues net of hardware costs more accurately reflects our core business, which is the provision of software solutions and services, and provides transparency to our investors. We believe this measure provides transparency to our investors because it is the measure used by our management to evaluate the competitiveness and performance of our business. In addition, third-party hardware revenue tends to fluctuate from period to period depending on the requirements of our customers. As a result, a presentation that excludes hardware costs allows investors to better evaluate the performance of our core business.

Cost of Revenues

Software products and solutions costs. Software products and solutions costs consist primarily of three components:

packaging and written manual expenses for our proprietary software products and solutions;

compensation and travel expenses for the professionals involved in modifying, customizing or installing our software products and solutions and in providing consultation, training and support services; and

software license fees paid to third-party software providers for the right to sublicense their products to our customers as part of our solutions offerings.

The costs associated with designing and modifying our proprietary software are classified as research and development, or R&D, expenses as incurred.

The costs incurred for the implementation phases of projects outside of China, which provide multiple services and products (software, hardware, implementation, maintenance and managed services), are deferred and capitalized as inventories during the system implementation phase, and transferred to cost of sales upon revenue recognition.

Service costs. Service costs consist primarily of compensation and travel expenses for the professionals involved in designing and implementing IT services, management consulting and network solutions projects.

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Third-party hardware costs. We generally recognize hardware costs in full upon delivery of the hardware to our customers. In order to minimize our working capital requirements, we generally obtain from our hardware vendors payment terms that are timed to permit us to receive payment from our customers for the hardware before our payments to hardware vendors are due. However, in large projects we sometimes obtain less favorable payment terms from our customers, thereby increasing our working capital requirements.

Amortization of intangible assets, depreciation of properties and equipment, and rental expenses are also included in cost of revenue.

Operating Expenses

Operating expenses consist of sales and marketing expenses, general and administrative expenses and R&D expenses. Amortization of acquired intangible asset expenses consistently comprise a significant portion of our total operating expenses.

Sales and marketing expenses include compensation expenses for employees in our sales and marketing departments, third-party advertising expenses, sales commissions and sales consulting fees, as well as the depreciation and amortization expenses allocated to our sales and marketing departments.

R&D expenses relate to the development of new software and the modification of existing software. We expense such costs as they are incurred.

General and administrative expenses include compensation expenses for employees in our general and administrative departments, consulting fees, as well as the depreciation expenses allocated to our general and administrative departments.

Government subsidies include amounts granted by government authorities to encourage R&D for high-technology companies.


Except for certain hardware procurement and resale transactions, we conduct substantially all of our business through our Chinese subsidiaries and VIEs. To a smaller degree, our operations in Southeast Asia are conducted through our joint venture in Singapore and its subsidiaries. Prior to the enactment of China's current Enterprise Income Tax Law, or the EIT Law, which became effective on January 1, 2008, foreign-invested enterprises, or FIEs, were generally subject to a 30% state enterprise income tax plus a 3% local income tax. However, most of our operating subsidiaries in China, as FIEs, were entitled to tax holidays or certain preferential tax treatments, which thus reduced their effective rate of income tax to 15% or lower in some cases. Since the EIT Law became effective, all Chinese resident enterprises have been subject to a flat 25% income tax rate, unless they are eligible for certain preferential tax treatments.

Pursuant to implementation and transition rules related to the EIT Law, certain of our subsidiaries in China may enjoy a 15% preferential tax rate if they are qualified as High-and-New Technology Enterprises, or HNTE, while other of our subsidiaries and VIEs became subject to the 25% income tax rate. HNTE status is valid for three years. At the conclusion of the three-year period, the qualifying enterprise has the option to renew its HNTE status for an additional three years through a simplified application process if such enterprise's business operations continue to qualify for HNTE status. After the first six years, the enterprise would be subject to a new application process in order to renew its HNTE status. We received HNTE certification for AsiaInfo-Linkage Technologies (China), Inc., or AIBJ, AsiaInfo-Linkage Technologies (Chengdu), Inc., or AICD, and Linkage-AsiaInfo Technologies (Nanjing), Inc., or Linkage Nanjing, at the end of 2011 and the beginning of 2012, respectively, which allows those companies to compute tax at a reduced 15% tax rate from January 1, 2011 until December 31, 2013. As such, we computed tax at a reduced 15% tax rate for AIBJ, AICD and Linkage Nanjing for the year of 2011 and for the estimated annual effective tax rate of 2012.

AIBJ and Linkage Nanjing were approved as Key Software Enterprises, or KSEs, and were eligible for a further reduction in their tax rate to 10% for 2008, 2009, and 2010. In October 2012, government authorities in charge of the approval of KSE status released the application requirements for 2011 KSE status. In the same month, AIBJ and Linkage Nanjing submitted the application for 2011 KSE status to the relevant government authorities for approval, but there is uncertainty as to whether they will meet the eligibility requirements for or receive such status. As such, we have computed our current quarterly taxes based on the tax rate of 15% for both AIBJ and Linkage Nanjing.

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Sales of hardware procured in China are subject to a 17% value added tax, or VAT. Most of our sales of hardware procured outside of China are made through our U.S. parent company, AsiaInfo-Linkage, Inc., or one of its subsidiaries, Hong Kong AsiaInfo-Linkage Technologies Ltd., and thus are not subject to the VAT. We effectively pass VAT on hardware sales through to our customers and do not include VAT in revenue reported in our financial statements. Companies that develop their own software and register the software with relevant authorities in China are generally entitled to a VAT refund. If the net amount of the VAT payable exceeds 3% of software sales and software-related services, the excess portion of the VAT is refundable immediately. The policy was extended by a new tax circular issued in January 2011. The benefit of the VAT rebate is included in software revenue. Historically, the VAT refund received has not been taxable for income tax purposes as long as the refund is used for R&D activities. However, according to a tax circular issued by the PRC State Administration of Taxation in January 2009, although the VAT refund would remain non-taxable when the refund is used for purchases of or expenses associated with fixed assets, the expenses and depreciation associated with such fixed assets are not tax deductible for income tax purposes. This circular also stipulates that any VAT refund not spent within the five-year period following its receipt must be added back to taxable income in the sixth year. It is unclear how this new rule will be implemented and in the absence of specific guidance we are treating the VAT refund received as a non-taxable item for income tax purposes until the five-year period ends.

Our PRC subsidiaries and VIEs are subject to business tax at the rate of 3% or 5%, respectively, on certain types of service revenues, which are presented in our statements of operations net of business tax incurred. Effective from December 1, 2010, our PRC subsidiaries and VIEs are also subject to Urban Maintenance and Construction Tax as well as Education Fee Surcharge at the rate of 7% and 3% of VAT and business taxes paid, respectively. Business taxes deducted from revenues during the nine-month periods ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 were $3.8 million and $8.2 million, respectively.

In January 2011, the State Council issued a circular providing an exemption from business tax for eligible software companies on software development and testing, system integration, consulting and maintenance services. The circular also retains various policies granted by previous circulars, including the VAT rebate on sales of software. The implementation guidance of this new circular has not been issued as of the date of this report, although implementation guidance for value-added tax rebates on sales of software was issued in October 2011.

In July 2012, the Ministry of Finance and the State Administration of Taxation jointly issued a circular regarding the pilot collection of VAT in lieu of business tax in certain areas and industries in the PRC. Such VAT pilot program is to be phased in Beijing, Jiangsu, Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Tianjin, Zhejiang, and Hubei between September and December 2012. Effective September 1, 2012, AIBJ and Beijing Star VATS became subject to VAT at the rate of 6% and 3%, respectively, on certain service revenues which were previously subject to business tax. Effective October 1, 2012, Linkage Nanjing also became subject to VAT at the rate of 6% on certain service revenues which were previously subject to business tax.

We are also subject to U.S. income taxes on revenues generated in the U.S., including revenues from our limited hardware procurement activities through our U.S. parent company, AsiaInfo-Linkage, Inc., and interest income earned in the U.S.

Foreign Exchange

A majority of our revenues and expenses relating to the hardware, sales and software and service components of our business are denominated in Renminbi, or RMB. The value of our shares will be affected by the foreign exchange rate between U.S. dollars and RMB because the value of our business is effectively denominated in RMB, while our shares are traded in U.S. dollars. In addition, as we pursue our global strategy, we have entered into agreements denominated in various currencies of Southeast Asian countries, expect to continue to do so in future, and expect that such activities may create similar foreign exchange risk associated with the currencies of these jurisdictions. Depreciation of the value of the U.S. dollar will also reduce the value of the cash we hold in U.S. dollars, which we may use for purposes of future acquisitions or other business expansion. We actively monitor our exposure to these risks and may adjust our cash position in the RMB and the U.S. dollar when we believe such adjustments will reduce our foreign exchange risks and are otherwise appropriate. We did not engage in any significant foreign exchange transactions during the nine-month period ended September 30, 2012.

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As of September 30, 2012, approximately 86.4%, or $221.1 million, of our cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash were RMB-denominated and approximately 13.2%, or $33.8 million, were U.S. dollar-denominated. Pursuant to the rate of . . .

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