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MAC > SEC Filings for MAC > Form 10-Q on 5-Nov-2012All Recent SEC Filings

Show all filings for MACERICH CO

Form 10-Q for MACERICH CO


5-Nov-2012

Quarterly Report


Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

IMPORTANT INFORMATION RELATED TO FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of The Macerich Company (the "Company") contains or incorporates statements that constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws. Any statements that do not relate to historical or current facts or matters are forward-looking statements. You can identify some of the forward-looking statements by the use of forward-looking words, such as "may," "will," "could," "should," "expects," "anticipates," "intends," "projects," "predicts," "plans," "believes," "seeks," "estimates," "scheduled" and variations of these words and similar expressions. Statements concerning current conditions may also be forward-looking if they imply a continuation of current conditions. Forward-looking statements appear in a number of places in this Form 10-Q and include statements regarding, among other matters:


expectations regarding the Company's growth;


the Company's beliefs regarding its acquisition, redevelopment, development, leasing and operational activities and opportunities, including the performance of its retailers;


the Company's acquisition, disposition and other strategies;


regulatory matters pertaining to compliance with governmental regulations;


the Company's capital expenditure plans and expectations for obtaining capital for expenditures;


the Company's expectations regarding income tax benefits;


the Company's expectations regarding its financial condition or results of operations; and


the Company's expectations for refinancing its indebtedness, entering into and servicing debt obligations and entering into joint venture arrangements.

Stockholders are cautioned that any such forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause actual results, performance or achievements of the Company or the industry to differ materially from the Company's future results, performance or achievements, or those of the industry, expressed or implied in such forward-looking statements. You are urged to carefully review the disclosures we make concerning risks and other factors that may affect our business and operating results, including those made in "Item 1A. Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011, as well as our other reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC"), which disclosures are incorporated herein by reference. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this document. The Company does not intend, and undertakes no obligation, to update any forward-looking information to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this document or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events, unless required by law to do so.

Management's Overview and Summary

The Company is involved in the acquisition, ownership, development, redevelopment, management and leasing of regional and community shopping centers located throughout the United States. The Company is the sole general partner of, and owns a majority of the ownership interests in, the Operating Partnership. As of September 30, 2012, the Operating Partnership owned or had an ownership interest in 59 regional shopping centers and ten community shopping centers totaling approximately 62 million square feet of gross leasable area. These 69 regional and community shopping centers are referred to hereinafter as the "Centers," unless the context otherwise requires. The Company is a self-administered and self-managed REIT and conducts all of its operations through the Operating Partnership and the Management Companies.


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The following discussion is based primarily on the consolidated financial statements of the Company for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011. It compares the results of operations for the three months ended September 30, 2012 to the results of operations for the three months ended September 30, 2011, and it compares the results of operations and cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 to the results of operations and cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2011. This information should be read in conjunction with the accompanying consolidated financial statements and notes thereto.

Acquisitions and Dispositions:

On February 24, 2011, the Company's joint venture in Kierland Commons Investment LLC ("KCI") acquired an additional ownership interest in PHXAZ/Kierland Commons, L.L.C. ("Kierland Commons"), a 433,000 square foot regional shopping center in Scottsdale, Arizona. As a result of this transaction, the Company's ownership interest in KCI increased from 24.5% to 50.0%. The Company's share of the purchase price consisted of a cash payment of $34.2 million and the assumption of a pro rata share of debt of $18.6 million.

On February 28, 2011, the Company, in a 50/50 joint venture, acquired The Shops at Atlas Park, a 376,000 square foot community center in Queens, New York, for a total purchase price of $53.8 million. The Company's share of the purchase price was $26.9 million and was funded from the Company's cash on hand.

On February 28, 2011, the Company acquired the additional 50% ownership interest in Desert Sky Mall, an 893,000 square foot regional shopping center in Phoenix, Arizona, that it did not own. The total purchase price was $27.6 million, which included the assumption of the third party's pro rata share of the mortgage note payable on the property of $25.8 million. Concurrent with the purchase of the partnership interest, the Company paid off the $51.5 million loan on the property.

On April 29, 2011, the Company purchased a fee interest in a freestanding Kohl's store at Capitola Mall in Capitola, California for $28.5 million. The purchase price was paid from cash on hand.

On June 3, 2011, the Company acquired an additional 33.3% ownership interest in Arrowhead Towne Center, a 1,196,000 square foot regional shopping center in Glendale, Arizona, an additional 33.3% ownership interest in Superstition Springs Center, a 1,205,000 square foot regional shopping center in Mesa, Arizona and an additional 50% ownership interest in the land under Superstition Springs Center ("Superstition Springs Land") in exchange for the Company's ownership interest in six anchor stores, including five former Mervyn's stores and a cash payment of $75.0 million. The cash purchase price was funded from borrowings under the Company's line of credit. This transaction is referred to herein as the "GGP Exchange".

On July 22, 2011, the Company acquired Fashion Outlets of Niagara Falls USA, a 530,000 square foot outlet center in Niagara Falls, New York. The initial purchase price of $200.0 million was funded by a cash payment of $78.6 million and the assumption of the mortgage note payable of $121.4 million. The cash purchase price was funded from borrowings under the Company's line of credit. The purchase and sale agreement includes contingent consideration based on the performance of Fashion Outlets of Niagara Falls USA from the acquisition date through July 21, 2014 that could increase the purchase price from the initial $200.0 million up to a maximum of $218.7 million. As of September 30, 2012, the Company estimated the fair value of the contingent consideration as $15.7 million, which has been included in other accrued liabilities.

On December 31, 2011, the Company and its joint venture partner reached agreement for the distribution and conveyance of interests in SDG Macerich that owned 11 regional malls in a 50/50 partnership. Six of the eleven assets were distributed to the Company on December 31, 2011. The Company received 100% ownership of Eastland Mall in Evansville, Indiana, Lake Square Mall in


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Leesburg, Florida, SouthPark Mall in Moline, Illinois, Southridge Mall in Des Moines, Iowa, NorthPark Mall in Davenport, Iowa and Valley Mall in Harrisonburg, Virginia (collectively referred to herein as the "SDG Acquisition Properties"). These wholly-owned assets were recorded at fair value at the date of transfer, which resulted in a gain to the Company of $188.3 million. The gain reflected the fair value of the net assets received in excess of the book value of the Company's interest in SDG Macerich. The distribution and conveyance of the properties from SDG Macerich to the Company is referred to herein as the "SDG Transaction".

On February 29, 2012, the Company acquired a 326,000 square foot mixed-use retail/office building ("500 North Michigan Avenue") in Chicago, Illinois for $70.9 million. The building is adjacent to The Shops at North Bridge. The purchase price was paid from borrowings under the Company's line of credit.

On March 30, 2012, the Company sold its 50% ownership interest in Chandler Village Center, a 273,439 square foot community center in Chandler, Arizona, for a total sales price of $14.8 million, resulting in a gain on the sale of assets of $8.2 million. The sales price was funded by a cash payment of $6.0 million and the assumption of the Company's share of the mortgage note payable on the property of $8.8 million. The Company used the cash proceeds from the sale to pay down its line of credit and for general corporate purposes.

On March 30, 2012, the Company sold its 50% ownership interest in Chandler Festival, a 500,426 square foot community center in Chandler, Arizona, for a total sales price of $31.0 million, resulting in a gain on the sale of assets of $12.3 million. The sales price was funded by a cash payment of $16.2 million and the assumption of the Company's share of the mortgage note payable on the property of $14.8 million. The Company used the cash proceeds from the sale to pay down its line of credit and for general corporate purposes.

On March 30, 2012, the Company's joint venture in SanTan Village Power Center, a 491,037 square foot community center in Gilbert, Arizona, sold the property for $54.8 million, resulting in a gain on the sale of assets of $23.3 million for the joint venture. The Company's pro rata share of the gain recognized was $7.9 million.

On April 30, 2012, the Company sold The Borgata, a 93,693 square foot community center in Scottsdale, Arizona, for $9.2 million, resulting in a loss on the sale of $1.3 million. The Company used the proceeds from the sale to pay down its line of credit and for general corporate purposes.

On May 17, 2012, the Company sold Hilton Village, a 79,814 square foot community center in Scottsdale, Arizona, for $24.8 million, resulting in a gain on the sale of assets of $3.1 million. The Company used the proceeds from the sale to pay down its line of credit and for general corporate purposes.

On May 31, 2012, the Company sold its 50% ownership interest in Chandler Gateway, a 259,535 square foot community center in Chandler, Arizona, for a total sales price of $14.3 million, resulting in a gain on the sale of assets of $3.4 million. The sales price was funded by a cash payment of $4.9 million and the assumption of the Company's share of the mortgage note payable on the property of $9.4 million. The Company used the cash proceeds from the sale to pay down its line of credit and for general corporate purposes.

On June 28, 2012, the Company sold Carmel Plaza, a 111,945 square foot community center in Carmel, California, for $52.0 million, resulting in a gain on the sale of assets of $7.8 million. The Company used the proceeds from the sale to pay down its line of credit.

On August 10, 2012, the Company was bought out of its ownership interest in NorthPark Center, a 1,946,178 square foot regional shopping center in Dallas, Texas, for $118.8 million, resulting in a gain of $24.6 million. The Company used the cash proceeds to pay down its line of credit.


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On October 3, 2012, the Company acquired the 75% ownership interest in FlatIron Crossing, a 1,481,000 square foot regional shopping center in Broomfield, Colorado, that it did not own for a cash payment of $195.9 million plus its pro rata share of the mortgage loan payable of $126.8 million.

On October 21, 2012, the Company entered into an agreement to acquire Kings Plaza, a 1,200,000 square foot regional shopping center in Brooklyn, New York, for a purchase price of $751.0 million, of which the seller has the option to receive up to $30.0 million of the purchase price in the form of restricted shares of common stock of the Company. Concurrently, the Company entered into an agreement to acquire Green Acres Mall, a 1,800,000 square foot regional shopping center in Valley Stream, New York, for a purchase price of $500.0 million. The Company expects to fund both acquisitions from borrowings under its line of credit and from the placement of mortgage notes payable on the properties. The Company expects to complete the acquisition of Kings Plaza during the three months ended December 31, 2012 and Green Acres Mall during the three months ended March 31, 2013. The Company's obligation to acquire Green Acres Mall is subject to the completion of the Kings Plaza acquisition, other than by reason of a default by the Company.

On October 26, 2012, the Company acquired the 33.3% ownership interest in Arrowhead Towne Center, a 1,196,000 square foot regional shopping center in Glendale, Arizona, that it did not own for $144.4 million. The Company funded the purchase price by a cash payment of $69.0 million and the assumption of the third party's pro rata share of the mortgage note payable on the property of $75.4 million.

Mervyn's:

In December 2007, the Company purchased a portfolio of ground leasehold interests and/or fee interests in 39 freestanding Mervyn's stores located in the Southwest United States. In January 2008, the Company purchased a ground leasehold interest in a freestanding Mervyn's store located in Hayward, California and in February 2008, the Company purchased a fee simple interest in a freestanding Mervyn's store located in Monrovia, California. These former Mervyn's stores are referred to herein as the "Mervyn's Properties." Mervyn's filed for bankruptcy protection in July 2008 and rejected all of its leases during the remainder of the year.

On March 4, 2011, the Company sold a fee interest in a former Mervyn's store in Santa Fe, New Mexico, for $3.7 million, resulting in a loss on the sale of $1.9 million. The Company used the proceeds from the sale for general corporate purposes.

On June 3, 2011, the Company disposed of five former Mervyn's stores in connection with the GGP Exchange (See "Acquisitions and Dispositions").

On October 14, 2011, the Company sold a former Mervyn's store in Salt Lake City, Utah, for $8.1 million, resulting in a gain on the sale of $3.8 million. The proceeds from the sale were used for general corporate purposes.

On November 30, 2011, the Company sold a former Mervyn's store in West Valley City, Utah, for $2.3 million, resulting in a loss on the sale of $0.2 million. The proceeds from the sale were used for general corporate purposes.

On May 11, 2012, the Company sold a former Mervyn's store in Montebello, California for $20.8 million, resulting in a loss on the sale of $0.4 million. The proceeds from the sale were used for general corporate purposes.

Currently, four former Mervyn's stores in the Company's portfolio remain vacant. The Company is actively seeking replacement tenants for these spaces.


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Other Transactions and Events:

On July 15, 2010, a court appointed receiver assumed operational control of Valley View Center and responsibility for managing all aspects of the property. In March 2012, the Company recorded an impairment charge of $54.3 million to write down the carrying value of the long-lived assets to its estimated fair value. On April 23, 2012, the property was sold by the receiver for $33.5 million, which resulted in a gain on the extinguishment of debt of $104.0 million.

On April 1, 2011, the Company's joint venture in SDG Macerich conveyed Granite Run Mall to the mortgage note lender by a deed-in-lieu of foreclosure. The mortgage note was non-recourse. The Company's pro rata share of gain on extinguishment of debt was $7.8 million.

On May 11, 2011, the non-recourse mortgage note payable on Shoppingtown Mall went into maturity default. As a result of the maturity default and the corresponding reduction of the estimated holding period, the Company recognized an impairment charge of $35.7 million to write-down the carrying value of the long-lived assets to its estimated fair value. On September 14, 2011, the Company exercised its right and redeemed the outside ownership interests in the Center for a cash payment of $11.4 million. On December 30, 2011, the Company conveyed the property to the mortgage note lender by a deed-in-lieu of foreclosure. As a result of the conveyance, the Company recognized an additional $3.9 million loss on the disposal of the property.

On May 31, 2012, the Company conveyed Prescott Gateway, a 583,959 square foot regional shopping center in Prescott, Arizona, to the mortgage note lender by a deed-in-lieu of foreclosure. The mortgage loan was non-recourse. As a result of the conveyance, the Company recognized a gain on extinguishment of debt of $16.3 million.

Redevelopment and Development Activity:

In August 2011, the Company entered into a joint venture agreement with a subsidiary of AWE/Talisman for the development of Fashion Outlets of Chicago in the Village of Rosemont, Illinois. The Company will own 60% of the joint venture and AWE/Talisman will own 40%. The Center will be a fully enclosed two level, 528,000 square foot outlet center. The site is located within a mile of O'Hare International Airport. The project broke ground in November 2011 and is expected to be completed in Summer 2013. The total estimated project cost is approximately $200.0 million. As of September 30, 2012, the joint venture has incurred $61.8 million of development costs. On March 2, 2012, the joint venture obtained a construction loan on the property that allows for borrowings up to $140.0 million, bears interest at LIBOR plus 2.50% and matures March 2, 2017. As of September 30, 2012, no borrowings have been made under the loan. Fashion Outlets of Chicago is referred to herein as the Development Property.

The Company's joint venture in Tysons Corner, a 1,985,000 square foot regional shopping center in McLean, Virginia, is currently expanding the property to include a 500,000 square foot office building, a 450 unit residential tower and a 300 room hotel. The joint venture started the expansion project in October 2011 and expects it to be completed in Fall 2014. The total cost of the project is estimated at $600.0 million, of which $300.0 million is estimated to be the Company's pro rata share. The Company has funded $48.6 million of the total of $97.2 million incurred by the joint venture as of September 30, 2012.

Inflation:

In the last three years, inflation has not had a significant impact on the Company because of a relatively low inflation rate. Most of the leases at the Centers have rent adjustments periodically through the lease term. These rent increases are either in fixed increments or based on an annual multiple of increases in the Consumer Price Index ("CPI"). In addition, about 6% to 15% of the leases


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expire each year, which enables the Company to replace existing leases with new leases at higher base rents if the rents of the existing leases are below the then existing market rate. The Company has generally entered into leases that require tenants to pay a stated amount for operating expenses, generally excluding property taxes, regardless of the expenses actually incurred at any Center, which places the burden of cost control on the Company. Additionally, certain leases require the tenants to pay their pro rata share of operating expenses.

Seasonality:

The shopping center industry is seasonal in nature, particularly in the fourth quarter during the holiday season when retailer occupancy and retail sales are typically at their highest levels. In addition, shopping malls achieve a substantial portion of their specialty (temporary retailer) rents during the holiday season and the majority of percentage rent is recognized in the fourth quarter. As a result of the above, earnings are generally higher in the fourth quarter.

Critical Accounting Policies

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Some of these estimates and assumptions include judgments on revenue recognition, estimates for common area maintenance and real estate tax accruals, provisions for uncollectible accounts, impairment of long-lived assets, the allocation of purchase price between tangible and intangible assets, and estimates for environmental matters. The Company's significant accounting policies are described in more detail in Note 2-Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in the Company's Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K. However, the following policies are deemed to be critical.

Revenue Recognition:

Minimum rental revenues are recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the related lease. The difference between the amount of rent due in a year and the amount recorded as rental income is referred to as the "straight line rent adjustment." Currently, approximately 62% of the mall store and freestanding store leases contain provisions for CPI rent increases periodically throughout the term of the lease. The Company believes that using an annual multiple of CPI increases, rather than fixed contractual rent increases, results in revenue recognition that more closely matches the cash revenue from each lease and will provide more consistent rent growth throughout the term of the leases. Percentage rents are recognized when the tenants' specified sales targets have been met. Estimated recoveries from certain tenants for their pro rata share of real estate taxes, insurance and other shopping center operating expenses are recognized as revenues in the period the applicable expenses are incurred. Other tenants pay a fixed rate and these tenant recoveries' revenues are recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the related leases.

Property:

Maintenance and repair expenses are charged to operations as incurred. Costs for major replacements and betterments, which includes HVAC equipment, roofs, parking lots, etc., are capitalized and depreciated over their estimated useful lives. Gains and losses are recognized upon disposal or retirement of the related assets and are reflected in earnings.


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Property is recorded at cost and is depreciated using a straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets as follows:

                    Buildings and improvements   5 - 40 years
                    Tenant improvements          5 - 7 years
                    Equipment and furnishings    5 - 7 years

Capitalization of Costs:

The Company capitalizes costs incurred in redevelopment, development, renovation and improvement of properties. The capitalized costs include pre-construction costs essential to the development of the property, development costs, construction costs, interest costs, real estate taxes, salaries and related costs and other costs incurred during the period of development. These capitalized costs include direct and certain indirect costs clearly associated with the project. Indirect costs include real estate taxes, insurance and certain shared administrative costs. In assessing the amounts of direct and indirect costs to be capitalized, allocations are made to projects based on estimates of the actual amount of time spent on each activity. Indirect costs not clearly associated with specific projects are expensed as period costs. Capitalized indirect costs are allocated to development and redevelopment activities based on the square footage of the portion of the building not held available for immediate occupancy. If costs and activities incurred to ready the vacant space cease, then cost capitalization is also discontinued until such activities are resumed. Once work has been completed on a vacant space, project costs are no longer capitalized. For projects with extended lease-up periods, the Company ends the capitalization when significant activities have ceased, which does not exceed the shorter of a one-year period after the completion of the building shell or when the construction is substantially complete.

Accounting for Acquisitions:

The Company first determines the value of land and buildings utilizing an "as if vacant" methodology. The Company then assigns the fair value to any debt assumed at acquisition. The Company then allocates the purchase price based on fair value of the land, building, tenant improvements and identifiable intangible assets received and liabilities assumed. Tenant improvements represent the tangible assets associated with the existing leases valued on a fair value basis at the acquisition date prorated over the remaining lease terms. The tenant improvements are classified as an asset under property and are depreciated over the remaining lease terms. Identifiable intangible assets and liabilities relate to the value of in-place operating leases which come in three forms: (i) leasing commissions and legal costs, which represent the value associated with "cost avoidance" of acquiring in-place leases, such as lease commissions paid under terms generally experienced in the Company's markets;
(ii) value of in-place leases, which represents the estimated loss of revenue and of costs incurred for the period required to lease the "assumed vacant" property to the occupancy level when purchased; and (iii) above or below market value of in-place leases, which represents the difference between the contractual rents and market rents at the time of the acquisition, discounted for tenant credit risks. Leasing commissions and legal costs are recorded in deferred charges and other assets and are amortized over the remaining lease terms. The value of in-place leases are recorded in deferred charges and other assets and are amortized over the remaining lease terms plus an estimate of renewal of the acquired leases. Above or below market leases are classified in deferred charges and other assets or in other accrued liabilities, depending on . . .

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