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CVLT > SEC Filings for CVLT > Form 10-Q on 1-Nov-2012All Recent SEC Filings

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Form 10-Q for COMMVAULT SYSTEMS INC


1-Nov-2012

Quarterly Report


Item 2 - Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

You should read the following discussion and analysis along with our consolidated financial statements and the related notes included elsewhere in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q. The statements in this discussion regarding our expectations of our future performance, liquidity and capital resources, and other non-historical statements are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are subject to numerous risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, the risks and uncertainties described under "Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2012. Our actual results may differ materially from those contained in or implied by any forward-looking statements.

Overview

We are a leading provider of data and information management software applications and related services in terms of product breadth and functionality and market penetration. We develop, market and sell a unified suite of data and information management software applications under the Simpana ® brand. Our Simpana software is a platform with licensable modules that work together seamlessly, sharing a single code and common function set, to deliver Backup and Recovery, Archive, Replication, Search and Resource Management capabilities. With a single platform approach, Simpana is specifically designed to protect, manage and access data throughout its lifecycle in less time, at lower cost and with fewer resources than alternative solutions. Our products and capabilities enable our customers to deploy solutions for data protection, business continuance, corporate compliance and centralized management and reporting. We also provide our customers with a broad range of highly effective services that are delivered by our worldwide support and field operations. As of September 30, 2012, we had licensed our software applications to approximately 17,100 registered customers.

Our Simpana software suite is comprised of the following five distinct data and information management software application modules: Backup and Recovery, Archive, Replication, Resource Management and Search. All of our software application modules share a common platform that provides back-end services and advanced capabilities, like encryption; deduplication; content indexing; policy-based automation; data classification; e-discovery and role-based security. The subsequent release of our other software application modules has substantially increased our addressable market. Each application module can be used individually or in combination with other application modules from our single platform suite.

In January 2009, our CommVault Simpana 8.0 software suite ("Simpana 8") was made available for public release. Simpana 8 included advances in recovery management, data reduction, virtual server protection and content organization. In addition, we believe that Simpana 8 met a broad spectrum of customer's discovery and recovery management requirements and eliminated the need for a myriad of point level products.

In August 2010, our CommVault Simpana 9.0 software suite ("Simpana 9") was made available for public release. We believe that Simpana 9, which builds on and significantly expands Simpana 8, allows customers to deploy a modern data management solution to achieve gains in efficiency, cost optimization and scale. We believe that Simpana 9 solves real-world IT challenges with major technology advancements, including increased virtualization scalability and performance, integrated source and target data deduplication, automatic and transparent integration with hardware array-based snapshots, as well as new tools that ease migration to our next generation Simpana 9 platform.

In January 2012, we released enhancements to our existing Simpana 9 software suite. These enhancements include new capabilities that converge backup, archive and reporting processes; additional SnapProtect technology that delivers hardware snapshot integration; enhancements to virtual server protection; new innovations to protect data on laptops and desktops with embedded source deduplication for optimized efficiency; and new integration with Microsoft SharePoint.

Our software licenses typically provide for a perpetual right to use our software and are sold on a capacity basis, on a per-copy basis or as site licenses. Approximately 65% of software license transactions were sold on a capacity basis during the six months ended September 30, 2012, and approximately 61% of software license transactions were sold on a capacity basis during the six months ended September 30, 2011. Capacity based software licenses provide our customers with unlimited licenses of specified software products based on a defined level of terabytes of


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data under management. As a result, when we sell our platform through a capacity license, many of the various Simpana functionalities are bundled into one capacity based price. We anticipate that capacity based licenses will continue to account for the majority of our software license transactions for the foreseeable future.

The industry in which we currently operate continues to go through accelerating changes as the result of compounding data growth and the introduction of new technologies. We are continuing to pursue an aggressive product development program in both data and information management solutions. Our data management solutions include not only traditional backup, but also new innovations in de-duplication, data movement, virtualization, snap-based backups and enterprise reporting. Our information management innovations are primarily in the areas of archiving, eDiscovery, records management, governance and compliance. We remain focused on both the data and information management trends in the marketplace and, in fact, a material portion of our existing research and development expenses are utilized toward the development of such new technologies discussed above. While we are confident in our ability to meet these changing industry demands with Simpana 8 and Simpana 9 and potential future releases, the development, release and timing of any features or functionality remain at our sole discretion and our solutions or other technologies may not be widely adopted.

Given the nature of the industry in which we operate, our software applications are subject to obsolescence. As noted above, we continually develop and introduce updates to our existing software applications in order to keep pace with evolving industry technologies. In addition, we must address evolving industry standards, changing customer requirements and competitive software applications that may render our existing software applications obsolete. For each of our software applications, we provide full support for the current generally available release and one prior release. When we declare a product release obsolete, a customer notice is delivered twelve months prior to the effective date of obsolescence announcing continuation of full product support for the first six months. We provide an additional six months of extended assistance support in which we only provide existing workarounds or fixes that do not require additional development activity. We do not have existing plans to make any of our software products permanently obsolete.

Sources of Revenues

We derive approximately half of our total revenues from sales of licenses of our software applications. We do not customize our software for a specific end-user customer. We sell our software applications to end-user customers both directly through our sales force and indirectly through our global network of value-added reseller partners, systems integrators, corporate resellers and original equipment manufacturers. Our software revenue was 49% of our total revenues for the six months ended September 30, 2012 and 48% for the six months ended September 30, 2011.

In recent fiscal years, we have generated approximately two-thirds of our software revenue from our existing customer base and approximately one-third of our software revenue from new customers. In addition, our total software revenue in any particular period is, to a certain extent, dependent upon our ability to generate revenues from large customer software deals, which we refer to as enterprise software transactions. We expect the number of enterprise software transactions (transactions greater than $0.1 million) and resulting software revenue to increase throughout fiscal 2013, although the size and timing of any particular software transaction is more difficult to forecast. Such software transactions represented approximately 56% of our total software revenue in the six ended September 30, 2012 and approximately 54% of our total software revenue for the six months ended September 30, 2011.

Software revenue generated through indirect distribution channels was approximately 88% of total software revenue in the six months ended September 30, 2012 and was approximately 84% of total software revenue in the six months ended September 30, 2011. Software revenue generated through direct distribution channels was approximately 12% of total software revenue in the six months ended September 30, 2012 and was approximately 16% of total software revenue in the six months ended September 30, 2011. The dollar value of software revenue generated through indirect distribution channels increased approximately $23.6 million, or 31%, in the six months ended September 30, 2012 compared to the six months ended September 30, 2011. The dollar value of software revenue generated through direct distribution channels decreased $1.8 million, or 12%, in the six months ended September 30, 2012 compared to the six months ended September 30, 2011. The increase in software revenue generated through our indirect distribution channel is primarily due to a higher dollar value related to enterprise


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software transactions in our international operations in the six months ended September 30, 2012 compared to the six months ended September 30, 2011. Software revenue generated by our international operations is almost exclusively transacted through indirect distribution channels. In the prior year six month period, a significant portion of our enterprise software transactions in the United States were sold through our direct sales channel. Deals initiated by our direct sales force are sometimes transacted through indirect channels based on end-user customer requirements, which are not always in our control and can cause this overall percentage split to vary from fiscal year to fiscal year. As such, there may be fluctuations in the dollars and percentage of software revenue generated through our direct distribution channels from time to time. We believe that the growth of our software revenue, derived from both our indirect channel partners and direct sales force, are key attributes to our long-term growth strategy. We will continue to invest in both our channel relationships and direct sales force in the future, but we continue to expect more revenue to be generated through indirect distribution channels over the long term. The failure of our indirect distribution channels or our direct sales force to effectively sell our software applications could have a material adverse effect on our revenues and results of operations.

We have a worldwide reseller and an original equipment agreement with Dell. Our reseller agreement with Dell provides them the right to market, resell and distribute certain of our products to their customers. Our original equipment manufacturer agreement with Dell is discussed more fully below. Sales through both of our agreements with Dell accounted for 21% of our total revenues for both the six months ended September 30, 2012 and for the six months ended September 30, 2011.

In May 2011, we announced that we entered into a global original equipment manufacturer agreement with NetApp under which NetApp will integrate elements of our Simpana 9 software suite with NetApp SnapShot™ and replication technology, under the NetApp SnapProtect ® brand. During the six months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, we did not recognize a material amount of revenue under our original equipment manufacturer agreement with NetApp.

Overall, we have original equipment manufacturer agreements primarily with Dell, Hitachi Data Systems and NetApp for them to market, sell and support our software applications and services on a stand-alone basis and/or incorporate our software applications into their own hardware products. Dell, Hitachi Data Systems and NetApp have no obligation to recommend or offer our software applications exclusively or at all, and they have no minimum sales requirements and can terminate our relationship at any time. A material portion of our software revenue is sometimes generated through our original equipment manufacturer agreements. Sales through our original equipment manufacturer agreements accounted for 14% of our total revenues for the six months ended September 30, 2012 and 12% of our total revenues for the six months ended September 30, 2011.

We also have non-exclusive distribution agreements covering our North American commercial markets and our U.S. Federal Government market with Arrow Enterprise Computing Solutions, Inc. ("Arrow"), a subsidiary of Arrow Electronics, Inc., and Avnet Technology Solutions ("Avnet"), a subsidiary of Avnet, Inc. Pursuant to these distribution agreements, these distributors' primary role is to enable a more efficient and effective distribution channel for our products and services by managing our reseller partners and leveraging their own industry experience. Many of our North American resellers have been transitioned to either Arrow or Avnet. We generated approximately 28% of our total revenues through Arrow in the six months ended September 30, 2012 and approximately 26% in the six months ended September 30, 2011. Avnet's total revenue contribution was not material in the six months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011. If Arrow or Avnet were to discontinue or reduce the sales of our products or if our agreement with Arrow or Avnet was terminated, and if we were unable to take back the management of our reseller channel or find another North American distributor to replace Arrow or Avnet, then it could have a material adverse effect on our future revenues.

We derive approximately half of our total revenues from services revenue. Our services revenue is made up of fees from the delivery of customer support and other professional services, which are typically sold in connection with the sale of our software applications. Customer support agreements provide technical support and unspecified software updates on a when-and-if-available basis for an annual fee based on licenses purchased and the level of service subscribed. Other professional services include consulting, assessment and design services, implementation and post-deployment services and training, all of which to date have predominantly been sold in connection with the sale of software applications. Our services revenue was 51% of our total revenues for the six months ended September 30, 2012 and 52% for the six months ended September 30, 2011.


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The gross margin of our services revenue was 74.7% for the six months ended September 30, 2012 and 75.5% for the six months ended September 30, 2011. The decrease in the gross margin of our services revenue in the six months ended September 30, 2012 compared to the six months ended September 30, 2011 was primarily due to higher costs of services associated with the expansion of our worldwide customer support operations. Overall, our services revenue has lower gross margins than our software revenue. The gross margin of our software revenue was 98.8% for six months ended September 30, 2012 and 98.6% for the six months ended September 30, 2011. An increase in the percentage of total revenues represented by services revenue may adversely affect our overall gross margins.

Description of Costs and Expenses

Our cost of revenues is as follows:

• Cost of Software Revenue, consists primarily of third-party royalties and other costs such as media, manuals, translation and distribution costs; and

• Cost of Services Revenue, consists primarily of salary and employee benefit costs in providing customer support and other professional services.

Our operating expenses are as follows:

• Sales and Marketing, consists primarily of salaries, commissions, employee benefits, stock-based compensation and other direct and indirect business expenses, including travel and related expenses, sales promotion expenses, public relations expenses and costs for marketing materials and other marketing events (such as trade shows and advertising);

• Research and Development, which is primarily the expense of developing new software applications and modifying existing software applications, consists principally of salaries, stock-based compensation and benefits for research and development personnel and related expenses; contract labor expense and consulting fees as well as other expenses associated with the design, certification and testing of our software applications; and legal costs associated with the patent registration of such software applications;

• General and Administrative, consists primarily of salaries, stock-based compensation and benefits for our executive, accounting, human resources, legal, information systems and other administrative personnel. Also included in this category are other general corporate expenses, such as outside legal and accounting services, compliance costs and insurance; and

• Depreciation and Amortization, consists of depreciation expense primarily for computer equipment we use for information services and in our development and test labs.

We anticipate that each of the above categories of operating expenses will increase in dollar amounts, but will decline as a percentage of total revenues in the long-term.

Foreign Currency Exchange Rates' Impact on Results of Operations

Sales outside the United States were approximately 40% of our total revenue for the six months ended September 30, 2012 and approximately 38% of our total revenue for the six months ended September 30, 2011. The income statements of our non-U.S. operations are translated into U.S. dollars at the average exchange rates for each applicable month in a period. To the extent the U.S. dollar weakens against foreign currencies, the translation of these foreign currency denominated transactions generally results in increased revenue, operating expenses and income from operations for our non-U.S. operations. Similarly, our revenue, operating expenses and net income will generally decrease for our non-U.S. operations if the U.S. dollar strengthens against foreign currencies.

Using the average foreign currency exchange rates from the corresponding fiscal 2012 period, our total revenues would have been higher by $1.9 million, our cost of sales would have been higher by $0.2 million and our operating expenses would have been higher by $1.4 million from non-U.S. operations for the three months ended September 30, 2012. For the six months ended September 30, 2012, our total revenues would have been higher by $5.1 million, our cost of sales would have been higher by $0.5 million and our operating expenses would have been higher by $3.0 million from non-U.S. operations.


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In addition, we are exposed to risks of foreign currency fluctuation primarily from cash balances, accounts receivables and intercompany accounts denominated in foreign currencies and are subject to the resulting transaction gains and losses, which are recorded as a component of general and administrative expenses. We recognized net foreign currency transaction losses of approximately $0.1 million and less than $0.1 million in the three and six months ended September 30, 2012, respectively, and net foreign currency transaction gains of less than $0.1 million in both the three and six months ended September 30, 2011, respectively.

Critical Accounting Policies

In presenting our consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, we are required to make estimates and judgments that affect the amounts reported therein. Some of the estimates and assumptions we are required to make relate to matters that are inherently uncertain as they pertain to future events. We base these estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable and appropriate. Actual results may differ significantly from these estimates. The following is a description of our accounting policies that we believe require subjective and complex judgments, which could potentially have a material effect on our reported financial condition or results of operations.

Revenue Recognition

Our revenue recognition policy is based on complex rules that require us to make significant judgments and estimates. In applying our revenue recognition policy, we must determine which portions of our revenue are recognized currently (generally software revenue) and which portions must be deferred and recognized in future periods (generally services revenue). We analyze various factors including, but not limited to, the sales of undelivered services when sold on a stand-alone basis, our pricing policies, the credit-worthiness of our customers and resellers, accounts receivable aging data and contractual terms and conditions in helping us to make such judgments about revenue recognition. Changes in judgment on any of these factors could materially impact the timing and amount of revenue recognized in a given period.

Currently, we derive revenues from two primary sources: software licenses and services. Services include customer support, consulting, assessment and design services, installation services and training. A typical sales arrangement includes both of these sources.

For sales arrangements involving multiple elements, we recognize revenue using the residual method. Under the residual method, we allocate and defer revenue for the undelivered elements based on fair value and recognize the difference between the total arrangement fee and the amount deferred for the undelivered elements as revenue. The determination of fair value of the undelivered elements in multiple-element arrangements is based on the price charged when such elements are sold separately, which is commonly referred to as vendor-specific objective evidence ("VSOE").

Our software licenses typically provide for a perpetual right to use our software and are sold on a per-copy basis, on a capacity basis or as site licenses. Software licenses sold on a capacity basis provide the customer with unlimited licenses of specified software products based on a defined level of terabytes of data under management. Site licenses give the customer the additional right to deploy the software on a limited basis during a specified term. We recognize software revenue through direct sales channels upon receipt of a purchase order or other persuasive evidence and when the other three basic revenue recognition criteria are met as described in the revenue recognition section in Note 3 of our "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements." We recognize software revenue through all indirect sales channels on a sell-through model. A sell-through model requires that we recognize revenue when the basic revenue recognition criteria are met and these channels complete the sale of our software products to the end-user. Revenue from software licenses sold through an original equipment manufacturer partner is recognized upon the receipt of a royalty report or purchase order from that original equipment manufacturer partner.

Services revenue includes revenue from customer support and other professional services. Customer support includes software updates on a when-and-if-available basis, telephone support, integrated web-based support and


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bug fixes or patches. Customer support revenue is recognized ratably over the term of the customer support agreement, which is typically one year. To determine the price for the customer support element when sold separately, we primarily use historical renewal rates. Historical renewal rates are supported by a rolling 12-month VSOE analysis in which we segregate our customer support renewal contracts into different classes based on specific criteria including, but not limited to, dollar amount of software purchased, level of customer support being provided and distribution channel. The purpose of such an analysis is to determine if the customer support element that is deferred at the time of a software sale is consistent with how it is sold on a stand-alone renewal basis.

Our other professional services include consulting, assessment and design services, installation services and training. Other professional services provided by us are not mandatory and can also be performed by the customer or a third-party. In addition to a signed purchase order, our consulting, assessment and design services and installation services are, in some cases, evidenced by a Statement of Work, which defines the specific scope of the services to be performed when sold and performed on a stand-alone basis or included in multiple-element sales arrangements. Revenues from consulting, assessment and design services and installation services are based upon a daily, weekly or monthly rate and are recognized when the services are completed. Training includes courses taught by our instructors or third-party contractors either at one of our facilities or at the customer's site. Training fees are recognized after the training course has been provided. Based on our analysis of such other professional services transactions sold on a stand-alone basis, we have concluded we have established VSOE for such other professional services when sold in connection with a multiple-element sales arrangement.

In summary, we have analyzed all of the undelivered elements included in our multiple-element sales arrangements and determined that we have VSOE of fair value to allocate revenues to services. Our analysis of the undelivered elements has provided us with results that are consistent with the estimates and assumptions used to determine the timing and amount of revenue recognized in our multiple-element sales arrangements. Accordingly, assuming all basic revenue recognition criteria are met, software revenue is recognized upon delivery of the software license using the residual method. We are not likely to materially change our pricing and discounting practices in the future.

Our sales arrangements generally do not include acceptance clauses. However, if an arrangement does include an acceptance clause, we defer the revenue for such an arrangement and recognize it upon acceptance. Acceptance occurs upon the earliest of receipt of a written customer acceptance, waiver of customer acceptance or expiration of the acceptance period.

Stock-Based Compensation

As of September 30, 2012, we maintain two stock incentive plans, which are described more fully in Note 6 of our "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements." We account for our stock incentive plans based on the grant date fair value recognition provisions in accordance with ASC 718. We estimated the fair value of stock options granted using the Black-Scholes formula. The fair value of restricted stock units awarded is determined based on the number of shares granted and the closing price of our common stock on the date of grant. Compensation for all share-based payment awards is recognized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the awards, which is generally the vesting period. Forfeitures are estimated based on a historical analysis of our . . .

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